Notice concerning Some Issues in Opposing Bourgeois Liberalization at Present

After the transmission of the “Main Points of the Speech concerning the Issue of Students Causing Trouble at Present” and the “Speech at the 6th Plenum of the 12th Party Congress” of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, all levels’ Party organizations have raised their understanding of the significance of the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization, and work has progressively and deeply developed. In order to ensure that this struggle is conducted healthily, the following is notified in relation to some issues.

I, All levels’ Party organizations must fully understand the importance and long-term nature of the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization. The student strikes that spread to many cities at the end of last year is grave in nature. The reasons directly triggering this student strike are somewhat different in all localities and all schools. They include emotions of distrust in Party leadership created because of some mistakes in work in the Centre, the localities as well as schools. But generally speaking, it is the result of the fact that our banners were not clear and attitudes not firm in the past few years of opposing bourgeois liberalization thinking trends. From the Centre to many localities, there is weakness and confusion on the political and ideological front, not a few battlefields, including some higher education institute podiums, cannot resist the sneak attack by bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, up to the point where the unchecked spread of bourgeois liberalization thinking trends has been brought about. There are an extremely small number of Communist Party members who have taken the lead in advocating bourgeois liberalization ideology, creating grave consequences.

Engaging in bourgeois liberalization, denying the Socialist system and advocating the capitalist system, has denying the leadership of the Party at the core. If this is left unrestricted and uncurbed, it may influence even more people and especially a number of youths to lose their bearings, it may case our country to become a chaotic society, it will be impossible to normally conduct reform and construction. Because of this, the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization relates to whether or not it is possible to firmly persist in the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, relates to what kind of generation will continue our undertaking, and relates to the fate of the Party and the State as well as the future of the Socialist undertaking. In short, persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles (persisting in the Socialist path, persisting in the peoples democratic dictatorship, persisting in the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and persisting in Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought), opposing bourgeois liberalization, consolidating stability and unity, are the roots on which the country is founded and run. The struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization is a long term one, and exists in the overall process of reform and opening up. Against this, the comrades in the entre Party must have a sufficient spiritual preparation.

This struggle, generally speaking, is to conduct a one time education for the broad Party members on persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, completely and correctly understanding and implementing the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress. All levels’ Party organizations and the broad Party members must earnestly study a series of important discussions of the Party Centre and especially Comrade Deng Xiaoping representing the collective Standing Committee of the Central Committee concerning persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and opposing bourgeois liberalization from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress again, further unify understanding, clarify the nature and profound significance of this struggle, and stand at the forefront of the struggle. At present, the key lies in all provincial, autonomous region, municipal and Central Party, Government and military organs’ Party committees and Party groups in all ministries and commissions, who must take the lead in study. During study, it is necessary to link to the reality on the political and ideological front, correctly analyse and summarize experiences and lessons, realistically change the situation of weakness and confusion, and make this struggle into a large matter of the present, unite as one, show banners clearly, and lead and organize matters well with firm positions.

II, The scope and focus points in the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization at present. This struggle is strictly limited to inside the Party, and is mainly to be conducted in the political and ideological sphere, it stresses the resolution of problems in basic political principles and political orientations, which mainly are opposing the mistaken thinking trends scheming to cast off the leadership of the Communist Party and deny the Socialist path. Doo not link it to economic reform policies, rural policies, scientific and technological research, and the exploration of literary and artistic styles and techniques, as well as the people’s daily lives. Opposing bourgeois liberalization has a specific meaning. Inside the Party and in society, other negative and corrupt phenomena exist, and whatever problem comes up is the problem to be resolved, do not link it up with bourgeois liberalization.

Party, government, military organs’ and city enterprise and undertaking work units and the People’s liberation army are mainly to conduct positive education for the broad Party members. This is not to be done in the countryside. Rural grass–roots Party organization rectification work is still to be conducted according to the deployment of the Central Party Rectification Work Guidance Committee.

This struggle does not involve the democratic parties and intellectuals outside of the Party. Relevant Party organizations must timely notify people outside of the Party and the broad masses about the situation, welcome their putting forward criticism and suggestions, and give rein to their vigorous functions.

III, To oppose bourgeois liberalization, full attention must be paid to political boundaries. This struggle must persist in mainly having positive education throughout, and the policy of uniting the absolute majority. On this point, we must be fully sober and clear from the beginning. Where it is necessary to openly name names, criticize and make organizational decisions openly in newspapers or periodicals, it can only be about exceptionally few Party Members who openly advocate bourgeois liberalization, who are impenitent and have a large influence, and it must be reported in advance to the Central Propaganda Department for examination and verification, and be approved by the Centre. Suitable work must still be arranged for these people, giving rein to their specialties, and respecting their civil rights. As long as they have realistically reformed their errors, they must be given political trust. Some comrades persist in systematically wrong viewpoints, and may be criticized in a comradely manner during Party life meetings. It is permitted maintain opinions, as long as they abide by the Party’s organizational discipline in their acts in the future, and start from the desire for unity, patiently treat and stimulate their enlightenment. It is absolutely not permitted that any person feigns compliance, and conducts factional activities in secret from the Party.

To rectify the mistake of leftism in the political and ideology sphere, the Party’s line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress must be taken as yardstick, to prevent criticising rightism with “Leftism” it is absolutely not permitted to obstruct reform and opening up, or the implementation of policies to stimulate the economy because of opposition to bourgeois liberalization.

We must persist in the policy of “letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend”. Continue to encourage and support theoretical workers to use the basic theories of Marxism, start from our country’s national circumstances, dare to explore and research the new situations, new experiences and new problems of Socialist construction and reform, and put forward new understandings. In this area, do not fear making mistakes, and correct mistakes if they occur; we must permit making mistakes, and not falsely accuse people because of some mistake they make during exploration. Explorative opinions concerning sensitive topics must be expressed publicly with caution, this shall especially be the case in political issues. Towards different opinions in academic and artistic matters, the principles determined in the Constitutions must be respected, use the methods of regular discussion, criticism and countercriticism to resolve them, in order to correctly give rein to the guiding function of Marxism. Concerning literary works, films, television programmes, etc. from the past, no clean-up is made categorically; those among them having grave political mistakes and grave mistakes in social ethics, with a bad social effect, shall be appropriately dealt with by the Centre’s management departments. Concerning future works, we mainly rely on editorial departments, publishers, film studios, theatres, etc., to be responsible for gatekeeping according to the principles of letting a hundred flowers bloom, a hundred schools contend, serving the people and serving Socialism, do not taboo too much, overlook rightism and overlook “leftism”, ask for instructions in anything, and hamper the regular development of the literature and art undertaking.

IV, Correct methods must be adopted in opposing bourgeois liberalization, do not engage in political campaigns. It is necessary to adopt methods in a gentle and kind way, with an even temper, convincing people by reason, firmly avoid the sort of “judging people by their attitudes, hooking up with above and linking with below, expecting all levels, and everyone has to pas the test” from the past, as well as the mistaken methods of calling to expose and report “Leftism”. Achieving this point is one key in persistently and healthily conducting this struggle.

Concerning some mistaken viewpoints with a major influence, apart from where it has been decided to name names, it is necessary to conduct indirect principle-based criticism concerning individuals in newspapers and periodicals, and clear out right and wrong. Regardless of what sort of criticising article it is, they all must demarcate boundaries, have a full argumentation and seek truth from facts. They must start from China’s national circumstances, clarify the rationale that only by persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, it is possible to do reform and opening up well, and realize the Four Modernization, and answer the doubts and questions of the masses. it is not permitted to publish any personal attack or insulting writing and images. Newspapers publishing critical articles must stress quality, and avoid excessive concentration and empty or duplicate content, avoid by all means to continue to use unsuitable jargon from the “Cultural Revolution” and past campaigns. If those being criticised, they have a reasonable response, it shall be published. All newspapers, periodicals and reading materials that are not directly related to opposing bourgeois liberalization, for example specialist technology newspapers and periodicals and children’s newspapers and periodicals may not carry or reprint this sort of critical article.

V, The situation in higher education institutes must be further stabilized, and ideological and political work in schools improved and strengthened. The consciousness of youths and students about persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and resisting the influence of bourgeois liberalization thinking trends must be raised Among higher education schools, the absolute majority display themselves well, it is only a very small number who participated in the troubles or who received relatively deep influence from bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, all those who have not violated the criminal law, shall without exception not be prosecuted; those who have shown a willingness to correct themselves, shall be enthusiastically welcomed. Now, the troubles in a small number of schools have already been basically suppressed, but the hidden danger of trouble has still not been eliminated, a considerable number of students still have doubts and conflicts in terms of ideology, the task of ideological education is still very formidable. At present, it is necessary to tightly grasp the beneficial opportune moment, and mobilize forces from all sides of society, including household heads, to do ideological and political work concerning students well, and at the same time strengthen management over and improve work in all aspects of schools, reliably eliminate hidden danger within the scope of possibility, and further stabilize the situation in higher education institutes. The National People’s Congress Standing Committee’s recent “Decision concerning Strengthening Legal System Education and Safeguarding Stability and Unity” must be widely inculcated in universities and middle schools, in order to strengthen a concept of abiding by discipline and obeying the law.

The ideological and political work in the new term must have persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and opposing bourgeois liberalization as focus points. To organize cadres, teachers and students to study relevant documents, and criticize the mistaken viewpoints of bourgeois liberalization, rights and wrong must be demarcated first and foremost in basic political principles and political orientations, and understanding raised. Ideological work for students must be patient and meticulous, the results of hurry are not good. It is necessary to provide conveniences for teachers to understand all real situations. It is necessary to guide students into participating in social practice, and deepen their understanding of China’s national circumstances and the real situation of reform and construction. regular, frequent and varied dialogue channels shall be completed and opened up actively and not passively, to encourage students to put forward the questions that they cannot think through themselves and the criticism and suggestions they have concerning our work, through all sorts of regular ways. It is necessary to forcefully launch democratic, lively and vivid discussions between cadres, teachers and students, and between students themselves, and it is at the same time necessary to organize a batch of academics and cadres who quite understand the real domestic and foreign situation to lecture persuasively in universities’ after-class platforms on the line from since the 3rd Plenum in an organized manner, in order to raise the ideological understanding of teachers and students.

At present, an extremely small number of the leadership ranks in higher education are not competent in their work, and very few have relatively grave problems. We must, on the basis of investigation and research, differentiate the different situations and subject them to strengthening, adjustment and rectification.

The Centre charges the State Education Commission Party Committee with drafting a document to strengthen ideological and political work in higher education institutes on the basis of new situations.

VI, The news and public opinion battlefield must persist in the correct ideological and political orientation. The Party’s newspapers and periodicals, and the State’s radio, television and relevant publications are the mouthpieces of the Party and the people, and must under the leadership of the Party, unconditionally propagate the Party and government line, principles and policies. These work units’ Party organizations must organize the whole body of Party members and cadres to earnestly conduct a one-time education on persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, further clarify guiding ideologies and rectify political orientations. Those who disseminated things with grave political errors in the past and created a relatively large influence on society, shall adopt suitable methods to distinguish right and wrong, and redeem their reputation. In the future, public opinion departments must all strictly abide by Party discipline, State laws and work discipline, strictly implement responsibility systems, and establish the necessary inspection and examination systems. Where grave political errors appear, the cause must be timely brought to light, the different situations differentiated, and this must be severely punished. An extremely small number of people who advocated bourgeois liberalization for a long time, and who do not abide by the Party’s propaganda discipline, and who refuse to correct themselves after education, must be firmly dismissed.

In recent years, a considerable batch of newspapers and periodicals has lacked competent leading cadres and editorial personnel meeting requirements, moreover, management was very bad, and social effect not good. Central and all provincial, autonomous region and municipal Party Committee propaganda departments must, jointly with all levels’ press and publications departments, size up the situation and rectify this. Some newspapers and periodicals with mistaken political orientations and poor quality must be firmly closed down.

It is necessary to diligently raise the ideological, political and professional quality of public opinion teams and especially leading backbones, incessantly raise propaganda art and strengthen propaganda effects. The skill to complete propaganda work under circumstances of openness must be strengthened.

VII, All levels’ Party Committees must strengthen investigation and research, incessantly summarize experiences, and meticulously guide this struggle. Launching the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization in the political and ideological sphere is a very complex matter, and may meet with interference here and there. In this area, we still lack mature experience. All provincial, autonomous region, municipal Party Committees and Party Groups, and those central Party, government and military organs’ ministries and commissions, especially main responsible comrades, must realistically strengthen guidance over this struggle.

All levels’ Party Committees must absolutely handle matters strictly according to the principles, policies and deployment determined by the Centre, must have a firm attitude, not give up halfway, and must deal with matters cautiously, with proper methods, and not deviate as much as possible. Investigation and research must be strengthened, everything must start from reality. Concerning those problems that cannot be perceived clearly or that are uncertain for the time being, it is better to be a bit more stable and a bit more careful, be sure not to rush headlong into action, or do matters perfunctorily. Doing things in this way is to guarantee the smooth conduct of this struggle, and does absolutely not mean that it is permitted to lower guard or muddle through work.

At the same time as opposing bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, work in all areas must be earnestly and realistically improved. It is necessary to diligently overcome bureaucratism in real actions, and correct all sorts of unhealthy tendencies and indifferent or harsh attitudes, persist in the work method of the mass line, and resolve the real problems put forward by students and other people, for which the conditions to resolve them are present. It is absolutely not permitted to use opposing liberalization as an excuse to suppress or attack the proper criticism of the masses concerning the flaws and mistakes in our work.

The comrades in the entire Party must clearly understand that, the line of the Party since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress has two basic points: one is persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, one is persisting in reform, opening up and vitalization. Both are mutually linked, and none is dispensable. Launching the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization, is to correctly and completely implement the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, and is an important measure in implementing the decision of the 6th Plenum of the 12th Party Committee concerning guiding policies to construct a Socialist spiritual civilization. This struggle inevitably will further raise the Marxist level of the entire Party, powerfully stimulate the Party’s ideological construction, work style construction and the spiritual civilization construction of the entire society. We must, under the presupposition of persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, continue to carry forward an atmosphere of democracy and unity in all aspects of social life, carry forward a new spirit of reform and innovation, and to the largest possible extent muster the Socialist vigorous of the broad workers, peasants, intellectuals and cadres, consolidate and expand the patriotic and unified line, and move all work matters forward.

关于当前反对资产阶级自由化若干问题的通知
邓小平同志《关于当前学生闹事问题的讲话要点》和《在党的十二届六中全会上的讲话》传达以后,各级党组织提高了对反对资产阶级自由化斗争的意义的认识,工作逐步深入发展。为了使这场斗争健康地进行下去,特就若干问题通知如下:
一、各级党组织务必充分认识反对资产阶级自由化斗争的重要性和长期性。去年年底波及不少城市的学潮,其性质是严重的。直接引发这一学潮的原因,各地各校有所不同。其中包括由于中央、地方以及学校某些工作中的失误所造成的对党的领导的不信任情绪。但总的来说,是几年来反对资产阶级自由化思潮旗帜不鲜明、态度不坚决的结果。从中央到许多地方,在政治思想战线上软弱混乱,不少阵地包括某些高等学校讲坛不能抵制资产阶级自由化思潮的侵袭,以致造成资产阶级自由化思潮的泛滥。有极少数共产党员带头鼓吹资产阶级自由化的思想,造成了严重的后果。
搞资产阶级自由化,即否定社会主义制度、主张资本主义制度,核心是否定党的领导。如果任其泛滥,就会影响更多的人特别是一部分青年迷失方向,就会使我们国家成为一个动乱的社会,改革和建设统统会无法正常进行。因此,反对资产阶级自由化的斗争,关系到党的十一届三中全会以来路线、方针和政策能否正确地坚持下去,关系到我们的事业将由什么样的一代人来继承,关系到党和国家的命运以及社会主义事业的前途。总之,坚持四项基本原则(即坚持社会主义道路,坚持人民民主专政,坚持中国共产党的领导,坚持马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想),反对资产阶级自由化,巩固安定团结,是立国治国之本。反对资产阶级自由化思潮的斗争是长期的,存在于开放和改革的整个过程中。对此,全党同志要有足够的精神准备。
这场斗争,从总体上说,是对广大党员进行一次坚持四项基本原则,全面、正确理解和贯彻执行党的十一届三中全会以来的路线、方针、政策的教育。各级党组织和广大党员都要重新认真学习十一届三中全会以来党中央特别是邓小平同志代表中央常委集体关于坚持四项基本原则、反对资产阶级自由化的一系列重要论述,进一步统一认识,明确这场斗争的性质和深远意义,站在斗争的前列。目前,关键在于各省、自治区、直辖市、中央党政军机关各部委的党委、党组,要带头学习好。在学习中,要联系政治思想战线的实际,正确分析和总结经验教训,切实改变软弱混乱的状况,把这场斗争作为今年的一件大事,团结一致、旗帜鲜明、立场坚定地领导和组织好。
二、当前反对资产阶级自由化斗争的范围和重点。这场斗争严格限于党内,而且主要在政治思想领域内进行,着重解决根本政治原则和政治方向问题,即主要是反对企图摆脱共产党的领导、否定社会主义道路的错误思潮。不要联系经济改革的政策、农村政策、科学技术研究、文学艺术风格技巧的探索,以及人们的日常生活。反对资产阶级自由化具有特定的含义。党内和社会上存在的其他消极、腐败现象,是什么问题就解决什么问题,不要同资产阶级自由化挂钩。
党政军机关、城市企事业单位和人民解放军,主要是对广大党员进行正面教育。农村不搞。农村基层党组织的整党工作,仍按中央整党工作指导委员会的部署进行。
这场斗争不涉及民主党派和党外知识分子。有关党组织要及时向党外人土和广大群众通报情况,欢迎他们提出批评、建议,发挥他们的积极作用。
三、反对资产阶级自由化必须十分注意政策界限。这场斗争,要始终坚持以正面教育为主,团结绝大多数的方针。这一点,一开始就要十分清醒和明确。需要在报刊上公开指名批评和作出组织处理的,只是极个别公开鼓吹资产阶级自由化、屡教不改、影响很大的党员,并需事先报中宣部审核后由中央批准。对这些人,仍要安排适当的工作,发挥他们的专长,尊重他们的公民权利。只要他们切实改正了错误,政治上要予以信任。有些同志持系统的错误观点,可以在党的生活会上进行同志式的批评。允许保留意见,只要今后在行动上遵守党的组织纪律,就要从团结的愿望出发,耐心等待和启发他们的觉悟。决不允许任何人阳奉阴违、背着党搞派别活动。
纠正政治思想领域的右倾错误,必须以党的十一届三中全会以来的路线、方针、政策为准绳,要防止以“左”批右,决不允许因为反对资产阶级自由化而妨碍改革、开放、搞活政策的贯彻执行。
要坚持“百花齐放、百家争鸣”的方针。继续鼓励和支持理论工作者运用马克思主义的基本理论,从我国的国情出发,勇于探讨、研究社会主义现代化建设和改革、开放中的新情况、新经验、新问题,提出新见解。在这方面,不要怕犯错误,有错就改;要允许犯错误,不能因为在探讨中出了某些错误就给人家戴帽子。对敏感问题的探讨性意见,要慎于公开发表,在政治问题上尤其应如此。对学术和艺术上的不同意见,要遵守宪法规定的原则,用正常讨论、批评和反批评的办法解决,以求正确地发挥马克思主义的指导作用。对过去的文学作品、电影、电视片等,一概不进行清理;其中确有严重政治错误和严重社会伦理错误、社会效果很坏的,应由中央主管部门妥善处理。对今后的作品,主要依靠编辑部、出版社,制片厂、剧院等方面按百花齐放、百家争鸣、为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方针负责把关,不要禁忌甚多,忽右忽“左”,事事请示,妨碍文学艺术事业的正常发展。
四、反对资产阶级自由化必须采取正确的方法,不搞政治运动。要采取和风细雨、心平气和、以理服人的方法,坚决避免过去那种“以人划线、上挂下连、层层检查、人人过关”以及号召揭发检举等“左”的错误做法。做到这一点,是这场斗争持续、健康进行下去的一个关键。
对一些有重大影响的错误观点,除已决定指名者外,要在报刊上进行不直接涉及个人的原则性批评,澄清是非。无论是哪种批评文章都要界限分明、论证充分、实事求是。要从中国国情出发,讲清只有坚持四项基本原则,才能搞好改革、开放和实现四个现代化的道理,回答群众的疑难问题。不允许发表任何人身攻击和侮辱性的文字、漫画。报刊登载批评文章要讲究质量,避免过于集中和内容空洞重复,切忌沿用“文革”和过去运动中的不恰当用语。被批评者如作确实说理的答辩,应予发表。一切与反对资产阶级自由化没有直接关系的报刊、读物,例如专业技术性报刊和少年儿童报刊之类,不要登载或转载此类批评文章。
五、要进一步稳定高等院校的局势,改进和加强学校思想政治工作。必须提高青年学生坚持四项基本原则,抵制资产阶级自由化思潮影响的自觉性。在高等学校的学生中,绝大多数表现是好的,参加闹事的或受资产阶级自由化思潮影响较深的只是极少数,对他们,凡是没有触犯刑律的,一概不予追究;对表示愿意改正的,应予热忱欢迎。现在,少数学校闹事已基本平息,但闹事的隐患仍未消除,相当一部分学生中思想上还有疑虑和抵触,思想教育任务仍很艰巨。目前要抓紧有利时机,动员包括家长在内的社会各方面力量,做好对学生的思想政治工作,同时严格学校的各项管理,改进工作,在可能范围内稳妥地消除隐患,进一步稳定高校的局势。人大常委会最近通过的《关于加强法制教育维护安定团结的决定》必须在大中学校普遍进行教育,以增强遵纪守法观念。
新学期的思想政治工作要以坚持四项基本原则、反对资产阶级自由化为重点。要组织干部、师生学习有关文件,批评资产阶级自由化的错误观点,首先在根本政治原则和政治方向上分清是非,提高认识。对学生的思想工作要耐心细致,急了效果不好。要给教师提供一切了解实际情况的方便。要引导学生参加社会实践,加深对中国国情和改革、建设实际情况的了解。应主动地而不是被动地健全和开辟正常的、经常的、多种形式的对话渠道,鼓励学生把自已想不通的问题和对我们工作的批评、建议,通过各种正常方式提出来。要大力开展干部、教师同学生之间、学生同学生之间民主的、生动活泼的讨论,同时要有计划地组织一批比较了解国内外实际情况的学者和干部在大学课余讲坛上进行有关三中全会以来路线的有说服力的讲演,以提高师生的思想认识。
目前,少数高校的领导班子工作很不得力,个别的有比较严重的问题。要在调查研究的基础上,区别不同情况予以加强、调整和整顿。
中央责成国家教委党组,根据新的情况起草一个加强高等学校思想政治工作的文件。
六、新闻、舆论阵地必须坚持正确的思想政治方向。党的新闻报刊、国家的广播电视和有关出版物,是党和人民的喉舌,必须在党的领导之下,无条件地宣传党和政府的路线、方针、政策。这些单位的党组织,要组织全体党员、干部,认真进行一次坚持四项基本原则的教育,进一步明确指导思想,端正政治方向。过去传播了严重政治性错误东西并在群众中造成较大影响的,应采取适当方式澄清是非,挽回影响。今后,舆论部门都要严守党纪国法和工作纪律,严格实行责任制,建立必要的检查和审查制度。出现重大政治性错误,要及时查明原因,区别不同情况,严肃处理。极少数人长期主张资产阶级自由化,不遵守党的宣传纪律,经教育拒不改正的,要坚决调离。
近几年来有相当一批报刊缺乏得力的领导骨干和合格的编采人员,加之管理很差,社会效果不好。中央和各省、自治区、直辖市党委宣传部要会同各级新闻出版部门,摸清情况,加以整顿。一些政治方向错误、质量低劣的报刊,要下决心停办。
要努力提高宣传舆论队伍特别是领导骨干的政治思想和业务素质,不断提高宣传艺术,增强宣传效果。要增强在开放的条件下做好宣传工作的本领。
七、各级党委要加强调查研究,不断总结经验,精心指导好这场斗争。在政治思想领域里开展反对资产阶级自由化的斗争,是一件很复杂的事情,可能会遇到这样那样的干扰。在这方面我们还缺乏成熟的经验。各省、自治区、直辖市和中央党政军机关各部委的党委、党组,特别是主要负责同志,要切实加强对这场斗争的指导。
各级党委一定要严格按照中央确定的方针、政策和部署办事,既要态度坚决,决不半途而废,又要谨慎从事,办法得当,尽可能不出偏差。要加强调查研究,一切从实际出发。对于那些一时看不清、拿不准的问题,宁可稳一点、细一点,切不可一哄而起,草率从事。这样做,是为了保证这场斗争的顺利进行,决不意味着可以掉以轻心,敷衍了事。
在反对资产阶级自由化思潮的同时,要切实认真地改进各方面的工作。要努力在实际行动上克服官僚主义,纠正各种不正之风和冷漠生硬态度,坚持群众路线的工作方法,解决学生和其他人员提出的有条件解决的实际问题。决不允许借口反对自由化来压制或打击群众对我们工作缺点、错误的正当批评。
全党同志必须清楚地认识到,党的十一届三中全会以来的路线有两个基本点:一是坚持四项基本原则,一是坚持改革、开放、搞活。两者互相联系,缺一不可。开展反对资产阶级自由化的斗争,正是为了正确地、全面地贯彻党的十一届三中全会以来的路线、方针、政策,也是贯彻十二届六中全会关于社会主义精神文明建设指导方针的决议的重要步骤。这场斗争必将进一步提高全党的马克思主义水平,有力地促进党的思想建设、作风建设和全社会的精神文明建设。我们要在坚持四项基本原则的前提下,在社会生活的各个方面,继续发扬民主、团结的气氛,发扬改革创新精神,最大限度地调动广大工人、农民、知识分子和干部的社会主义积极性,巩固和扩大爱国统一战线,把各项工作推向前进。

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