Notice concerning Firmly and Appropriately Doing Newspaper and Periodical Rectification Work Well

29 March 1987

The “CCP Central Committee Notice concerning Some Questions in Opposing Bourgeois Liberalization at Present”, already has made a clear general deployment of this struggle. In order to implement the tasks in it concerning rectification of the ideological and political orientation of the news and public opinion battlefield, hereby, the following is further notified:

I, In order to rectify the ideological and political orientation of the news and public opinion battlefields, it is first and foremost necessary to rectify newspaper, periodical and other publishing work units well. This is an important aspect of opposing bourgeois liberalization, and is a necessary condition to guarantee the smooth development of this struggle.

Since a number of years, newspaper and periodical publishing developed very quickly, they have had a vigorous function in reform, development and constructing the two civilization, the work has had results. Now, there are more than 1700 newspapers registered nationwide, more than 5000 periodicals, and there are also not a few self-edited and printed illegal small newspapers and small periodicals. Generally speaking, apart from scientific, specialist, technological and educational periodicals, the number of political, literary and artistic periodicals is on the high side, and quality is not high. The prominent problem is that some newspapers and periodicals have not completely and correctly propagated and implemented the line of the Party since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress. An extremely small number of newspapers and periodicals have within some time, continued to publish mistaken discourse denying Socialism, opposing the leadership of the Party and advocating capitalism, which has had a vile effect in the overflow of the bourgeois liberalization wave of thinking.

This sort of situation is mainly the result of the Central leadership and that in many localities have shown themselves as weak and perfunctory in struggle concerning bourgeois liberalization. At the same time, it also reflects that some newspaper and periodical teams’ political and professional qualities cannot adapt to the requirements of new circumstances and new tasks. This line of teams generally speaking is a line of good teams, but among a part of the people, ideological confusion exists in fact. Many among those lack a mastery of the basic theories of Marxism; a small number of people have been relatively deeply influenced by bourgeois liberalization thinking trends; and there are also a few people who have continued to persist in and have used the public opinion battlefield to vigorously disseminate bourgeois liberalization viewpoints, gravely violating Party discipline. This has created the grave consequence that bourgeois liberalization thinking trends have spread unchecked across some public opinion battlefields.

All levels’ Party Committees must fully understand the necessity of rectifying newspaper and periodical, and sufficiently gauge the complexity and arduousness of this work. Although newspapers and periodicals systematically propagating bourgeois liberalization are not many in number, the influence they create among intellectual circles, university students and in society is not small. A considerable batch of newspapers and periodicals must further rectify their ideological and political orientation. Because of this, all levels’ Party Committees and all ministry and commission Party groups shall, according to the Central requirements on closely grasping the public opinion battlefield in the hands of the Party and related principles and policies, make rectifying the newspapers and periodicals directly led by the Party and the people well into both an urgent task in opposing bourgeois liberalization and into an ideological construction work having a long-term significance, give it high regard and realistically grasp it.

II, The focus of rectifying the newspapers and periodicals in the abovementioned scope is resolving the problem of basic political principles and political orientation, the stress is on rectifying newspapers and periodicals with prominent mistakes and grave consequences in propagating bourgeois liberalization viewpoints; and at the same time, continuously investigating and prosecuting newspapers and periodicals who gravely violate regulations of the Party Centre and the State on running newspapers and running periodicals.

Newspapers and periodicals having the following circumstances shall be subject to focus rectification:

(1) newspapers and periodicals who have for a long time in succession expressed discourse opposing the Four Cardinal Principles and propagating bourgeois liberalization, with grave mistakes and a vile influence;

(2) newspapers and periodicals with an improper ideological or political orientation, who deviate from the Four Cardinal Principles, propagate and support bourgeois liberalization viewpoints, propagate extreme individualism, ethnic nihilism, anti-patriotism, who hamper the unity of the nation, violate foreign affairs discipline and who have an important position and a relatively broad influence;

(3) digest newspapers and periodicals that hanker after extracting bourgeois liberalization viewpoints and other mistaken discourse, concentrate and disseminate is;

(4) newspapers and periodicals that gravely violate Centre and State Council controlling department regulations concerning running newspapers and running periodicals, that do not have conditions to run periodicals or basically deviate from the original purpose of running periodicals;

(5) newspapers and periodicals propagating sexual liberation, sexual life and sexual psychology, with a vulgar style, filthy content, that have grave mistakes in social ethics, with a bad social effect;

(6) obscene, sexual or violent newspapers and periodicals that should be banned and all sorts of self-edited and printed illegal newspapers and periodicals that are openly sold or sold in secret.

All localities and all departments shall, according to the abovementioned scope, realistically grasp this newspaper and periodical rectification work. In terms of phases, the rectification of newspapers and periodicals that are subordinate to central ministries and commissions, and provinces , autonomous regions, municipalities and large cities, that are related to the above-mentioned scope, shall be grasped. Locally-subordinate newspapers and periodicals or other newspapers and periodicals that tend towards the vile consistently, where problems have already been fully revealed, shall also be immediately rectified.

III, Against focus rectification newspapers and periodicals, organizational rectification measures must be effectively and realistically adopted in a led and differentiated manner on he basis of the nature and extent of mistakes, in consideration of the different histories, position and influences, as well as the situation of leading ranks and editorial teams, at the same time as earnestly grasping ideological rectification.

Newspapers and periodicals that have in reality become a battlefield propagating bourgeois liberalization and that have no need to continue to exist, shall cease to operate. Newspapers with relatively grave mistakes, that have created a vile influence among the masses, shall generally first be stopped for rectification, and it is to be decided in consideration of the rectification situation whether or not publication will continue. In those with an improper political orientation, that have expressed not a little mistaken discourse, but that should not be ceased for rectification, the leadership ranks shall be firmly rectified and the leading cadres substantiated, with publishing on the one hand and rectification on the other. Those that basically deviate from the original purpose of running a periodical, that don’t have the conditions to run a periodical, with a very bad social effect, a decision must be made to cease them or merge a batch.

The key to rectify newspapers and periodicals directly led by the Party and government, is constructing a strong and powerful leadership rank. All levels’ Party committees must take strict responsibility for assessing the main leading cadres for their subordinate newspapers and periodicals, and realistically strengthening the allocation of general editors, main editors and mid-level professional backbones. It is necessary to foster and select competent leading backbones and comprehensive editorial personnel to work in newspapers and periodicals, and at the same time pay attention to discovering and promoting comrades with good ideological, political and professional qualities into suitable positions. It is necessary to adopt all sorts of effective methods, organize study by editors and journalists of newspapers and periodicals, train them in batches, send them down on the job, and train them in reality, in order to raise their political level and professional ability. The small number of cadres who have persisted in bourgeois liberalization viewpoints for a long time, who do not respect political discipline, and who cannot be reformed through education, must be firmly dismissed. Appropriate arrangements must be made for the editorial personnel of newspapers and periodicals that stop operating and other work personnel.

Provincial city Committees, district city committees and Party Committees or Party Organizations in government departments running newspapers or running periodicals, must bear complete political responsibility for the newspapers and periodicals they run, regularly discuss the large matters of newspaper and periodical propaganda, and realistically strengthen ideological leadership and organizational leadership. Where grave issues of orientation occur in newspapers and periodicals, the responsibility of the higher-level Party Committee and controlling department shall be investigated at the same time. Leading cadres and old comrades who have been withdrawn to secondary positions, apart from special requirements, where the agreement of the relevant leading department is to be obtained, may not assume nominal duties in newspapers or periodicals, and may also not instruct the controlling departments under their individual names to run new newspapers and periodicals.

During rectification, all levels’ Party Committees must grasp both ends, and carry along the middle. Against newspapers and periodicals with grave problems, forces must be concentrated to rectify them firmly; of newspapers and periodicals that are run well and excellent editors and journalists, the achievements must be confirmed, they must be summarized and honoured, exalting vigorous factors. Concerning the considerable batch of newspapers and periodicals that, although they have not made major mistakes, are bad quality, they shall be helped to rectify their ideas on running periodicals, substantiate their editorial forces, earnestly raise propaganda and artistry, and strengthen propaganda effects.

IV, Newspapers and periodicals directly led by the Party and the government shall conduct a one-time education for their work personnel for them to completely and correctly understand the line since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress and further rectify their ideological and political orientation.

It is necessary to organize newsgathering personnel to deeply study the relevant documents issued by the Centre this year, study “Persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, Opposing Bourgeois Liberalization” and “Constructing Socialism with Chinese Characteristics” (revised and enlarged version) and other important treatises, combine this with rethinking the tortuous process of opposing bourgeois liberalization in the past years, and unify thoughts around all policymaking that the Party Centre has recently conducted, unify them around the line of persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and persisting in reform, opening up and enlivening the economy as determined by the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress. On this basis, all work units must link up the reality of newspaper and periodical propaganda of the previous period, and review political principle issues emerging in page layouts in a focused manner. Discourse and reports that truly contains grave mistakes, shall be analysed and discussed by seeking truth from facts, fixing eyes upon clearly distinguishing right and wrong, raising understanding, uniting and educating the absolute majority of the people; do not let everyone pass tests, the focus should not be on investigating individual responsibilities. Against bourgeois liberalization viewpoints having influence in society, persuasive articles should be vigorously organized and compiles, and criticism without naming names conducted; against discourse in newspapers and periodicals that has created a vile influence among the masses, a responsible attitude shall also be adopted, and suitable methods used to clear up the matter, including conducting the necessary self-criticism, in order to redeem reputations.

At the same time as grasping ideological education, it is necessary to strictly implement political discipline and propaganda discipline, realistically prevent major political mistakes and other grave mistakes; if this sort of problem happens again, it shall be dealt with in conformity with a strict spirit from now on. Newspapers and periodicals that gravely violate discipline, persist in conducting mistaken propaganda that is incompatible with the purpose of running the periodical or the policies in running the periodical, must be timely investigated, and even have their registration cancelled. Work personnel in relevant newspapers and periodicals must unconditionally propagate the Party and government line, principles and policies, persist in putting social interest first, and can absolutely not use the excuse of “news freedom” or “sole responsibility of the author” or only pursuing “economic interest” to wilfully publish mistakes and harmful things, and are even less permitted to use the public opinion tools they grasp to propagate matters opposing the Party’s political stand. It is strictly prohibited to reprint articles published Hong Kong, Macau or overseas anti-Communist newspapers and periodicals that attack or provoke us, it is strictly prohibited for Party members and cadres to secretly establish links with them, or provide internal Party and government documents to them, it is absolutely not permitted to publish articles in these reactionary newspapers and periodicals that oppose our Party’s line, principles and policies, offenders must be prosecuted.

V, All levels’ Party Committees must strengthen leadership over newspaper and periodical rectification work.

The management and rectification of newspapers and periodicals, has been grasped many times in the past, but the effect is not clear, and some problems even develop more gravely. Party Committees in a few exceptional cases have been unwilling to concern themselves with their subordinate newspapers and periodicals, and have procrastinated in dealing with obvious problems. This sort of situation must be turned around starting from this rectification. The Centre requires that all Central and State organ ministries and commissions must be responsible for rectifying newspapers and periodicals run by those departments and their subordinate work units well, all provincial, autonomous region and municipal Party Committees and governments must be responsible for rectifying newspapers and periodicals run by themselves and subordinate regions and work units. All levels’ Party Committees must list this matter on the agenda, earnestly discuss it, realistically strengthen management, and guarantee that the tasks of newspaper and periodical rectification begin well and end well.

Newspaper and periodical rectification must absolutely be conducted on a basis of full investigation and research, and sizing up the situation. Attitudes must be firm, strive for reliability in work, careless skimping or going through the motions must be avoided, and perfunctory work and simplification must be prevented. All localities and all departments must, under the leadership of Central principles and policies, integrate the real situation, and independently and responsibly do rectification work well, strengthen supervision and inspection, and strictly inspect whether or not rectification meets criteria or not at the end of the period. The Central Propaganda Department shall, together with the State Council Administration of Press and Publications, strengthen links with all localities and all departments, understand the newspaper and periodical rectification situation, grasp focus points and models, research relevant policies, and do guidance and coordination work well.

VI, In the third season of this year, all newspapers and periodicals must re-register with the State Council Administration of Press and Publications or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal press and publications department. All those that are inspected and appraised as having met rectification criteria, are issued with an newspaper and periodical registration certificate. All those where rectification does not meet criteria are not granted registration. Newspapers and periodicals not having a registration certificate can without exception not be subscribed to by subscribers, may not be printed and distributed, offenders are banned. If any province has not yet established a press and publications bureau, they shall rapidly establish this, in order to convenience the responsible undertaking of this tasks. For this, the State Council Administration of Press and Publications shall issue separate documents.

It is necessary to earnestly summarize the experience of the Party and the government in leading newspapers and periodicals. The Central Propaganda Department shall diligently assist the State Council Administration of Press and Publications in completing the drafting work of a Publications Law, perfecting newspaper and periodical management regulations and systems, in order to consolidate the achievements of rectifications and ensure that press and publications management is legalized, systematized and regularized. It is still necessary to guide all localities in adopting measures, realistically strengthening management over book markets, and strengthening management over the printing business, especially small printing shops in villages and towns.

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal Party Committees and all Central and State organ ministries and commissions shall promptly formulate plans to rectify their subordinate newspapers and periodicals on the basis of this Notice, put forward opinions on a rational adjustment and distribution of all sorts of newspapers and periodicals and strengthening management, and report them to the Centre within the second quarter of this year. They shall strive to basically complete newspaper and periodical rectification within this year.

 

中共中央关于坚决妥善地做好报纸刊物整顿工作的通知

(一九八七年三月二十九日)
《中共中央关于当前反对资产阶级自由化若干问题的通知》,已对这场斗争作了明确的总体部署。为落实其中有关端正新闻舆论阵地思想政治方向的任务,现进一步通知如下:

一、端正新闻、舆论阵地的思想政治方向,首先要把有关报刊及其出版单位整顿好。这是反对资产阶级自由化的一个重要方面,也是保证这场斗争顺利发展的必要条件。

几年来,报刊的出版发展很快,在改革、开放和两个文明建设中发挥了积极作用,工作是有成绩的。现在全国登记注册的报纸有一千七百多种,期刊五千二百多种,还有不少私自编印的非法小报小刊。总的看,除科学性、专业性、技术性、教育性期刊以外,政治性、文艺性报刊数量偏多,质量不高。突出的问题是,一些报刊没有全面、正确地宣传、贯彻党的十一届三中全会以来的路线。极少数报刊在一段时间内,连续发表否定社会主义、反对党的领导、主张资本主义的错误言论,在资产阶级自由化思潮泛滥中起了恶劣的作用。

这种状况主要是由于中央和许多地方领导对资产阶级自由化表现软弱、斗争不力的结果。同时也反映出某些报刊队伍政治和业务素质不能适应新形势、新任务的需要。这支队伍总的是一支好队伍,但在一部分人中,确实存在着思想混乱。其中多数是属于缺乏马克思主义基本理论修养;少数人受资产阶级自由化思潮影响比较深;也有个别人一直坚持并利用舆论阵地积极散播资产阶级自由化观点,严重违反党的纪律。这就造成了资产阶级自由化思潮在某些舆论阵地畅行无阻的严重后果。

各级党委要充分认识整顿报刊的必要性,足够估计这项工作的复杂性、艰巨性。系统宣传资产阶级自由化的报刊虽然为数不多,但它们在知识界、大学生和社会上造成的影响却不小。相当一批报刊都需要进一步端正思想政治方向。因此,各级党委、各部委党组应按照中央关于把舆论阵地牢牢掌握在党的手中的要求和有关的方针、政策,把整顿好党和政府直接领导的报刊,既作为反对资产阶级自由化的一项紧迫任务,又作为具有长远意义的思想建设工作,高度重视,切实抓好。

二、整顿上述范围报刊的重点是解决根本政治原则、政治方向问题,着重整顿在宣扬资产阶级自由化观点中错误突出、后果严重的报刊;同时继续查处严重违反党中央和国务院有关办报办刊规定的报刊。

有下列情况的报刊,应作为重点进行整顿:

(一)长期陆续发表反对四项基本原则、宣传资产阶级自由化言论,错误严重、影响恶劣的报刊;

(二)思想政治方向不端正,背离四项基本原则,宣传和支持资产阶级自由化观点,宣传极端个人主义、民族虚无主义、反爱国主义,妨碍民族团结,违反外事纪律,而地位重要、影响较广的报刊;

(三)热衷于摘编资产阶级自由化观点及其他错误言论,集中加以传播的文摘报刊;

(四)严重违反中央和国务院主管部门有关办报办刊的规定,不具备办刊条件或根本背离原定办刊宗旨的报刊;

(五)宣扬性解放、性生活、性心理,格调低劣,内容污浊,有严重社会伦理错误、社会效果很坏的报刊;

(六)应予查禁的淫秽、色情、凶杀报刊和各种私自编印、公开出售或秘密出售的非法出版物。

各地方、各部门应按上述范围,切实抓好这次报刊整顿工作。在步骤上,应抓紧整顿中央部委和省、自治区、直辖市及各大城市所属的与上述范围有关的报刊。地市所属报刊或其他一贯倾向恶劣的报刊,问题已经充分暴露的,也应立即进行整顿。

三、对重点整顿的报刊,要根据错误的性质、程度,并考虑其不同的历史、地位、影响,以及领导班子、编辑队伍的状况,在认真抓好思想整顿的同时,有领导、有区别地采取切实有效的组织整顿措施。

对实际上已成为宣传资产阶级自由化的阵地,而又没有继续存在必要的报刊,应予停办。对错误比较严重,在群众中造成了恶劣影响的报刊,一般应先停刊整顿,视整顿情况再决定是否继续出版。对政治方向不端正,发表过不少错误言论,但不宜停刊整顿的,应坚决调整领导班子和充实领导人员,边出版边整顿。对根本背离原定办报办刊宗旨,不具备办刊条件,社会效果很坏的,要下决心停办或合并一批。

整顿党和政府直接领导的报刊的关键,是建设一个坚强有力的领导班子。各级党委要严肃负责地考核所属报刊的主要领导干部,切实加强总编辑、主编及中层业务骨干的配备。要培养和选派得力的领导骨干和合格的编采人员到报刊工作,同时注意发现并提拔政治思想和业务素质好的同志到适宜的岗位上来。要采取各种有效办法,组织报刊的编辑、记者学习,分批培训,带职下放,实际锻炼,以提高他们的政治水平和业务能力。对少数长期坚持资产阶级自由化观点,不遵守政治纪律,经教育仍不改正的干部,要坚决调离。对停办报刊的编采人员和其他职工,要妥善安排。

办报办刊的省市委、地市委、政府部门的党委、党组,必须对所办报刊负完全的政治责任,经常讨论报刊宣传的大事,切实加强思想领导和组织领导。报刊发生严重方向错误,应同时追究其上级党委和主管部门的责任。领导干部和退居二线的老同志除确有特殊需要并得到有关领导部门同意者外,不要在报刊担任挂名的职务,也不要以个人名义向主管部门批示新办报刊。

在整顿中,各级党委要抓两头,带中间。对问题严重的报刊,要集中力量坚决进行整顿;对确实办得好的报刊和优秀的编辑、记者,要肯定成绩,总结表彰,发扬积极因素。对相当一批虽无重大错误、但质量不高的报刊,应着重帮助它们端正办刊思想,充实编辑力量,认真提高宣传艺术,增强宣传效果。

四、党和政府直接领导的报刊,应对其工作人员进行一次全面、正确理解十一届三中全会以来的路线,进一步端正思想政治方向的教育。

要组织编采人员深入学习中央今年发出的有关文件,学习《坚持四项基本原则,反对资产阶级自由化》和《建设有中国特色的社会主义》(增订本)等重要论著,结合反思几年来反对资产阶级自由化的曲折过程,把思想统一到党中央最近作出的各项决策上来,统一到十一届三中全会确定的坚持四项基本原则、坚持改革开放搞活的路线上来。在此基础上,各单位要联系前一段报刊宣传的实际,有重点地回顾版面上出现的政治原则性问题。对确有严重错误的言论和报道,应进行实事求是的分析、讨论,着眼于分清是非,提高认识,团结、教育大多数人;不搞人人检查过关,不应着重于追究个人责任。对社会上有影响的资产阶级自由化观点,应积极组织、撰写有说服力的文章,进行不指名的批评;对本报刊在群众中造成了恶劣影响的言论,也应采取负责态度并用适当方式加以澄清,包括做必要的自我批评,以挽回影响。

在抓紧思想教育的同时,要严格执行政治纪律和宣传纪律,切实防止重大政治错误和其他严重错误;如再发生这类问题,应本着今后从严的精神处理。今后对严重违反纪律,坚持进行与办刊宗旨、办刊方针不相容的错误宣传的报刊,要及时查究,直至撤销其注册登记。有关报刊的工作人员必须无条件地宣传党和政府的路线、方针、政策,坚持把社会效益放在首位,绝不能借口“新闻自由”、“文责自负”和单纯追求“经济效益”而任意发表错误的和有害的东西,更不允许利用所掌握的舆论工具宣传反对党的政治主张。严禁转载港澳和海外反共报刊发表的对我进行攻击、挑拨的文章,严禁党员和干部私自同它们建立联系,或向它们提供党和政府的内部材料,绝不允许在那些反动报刊上发表反对党的路线、方针、政策的文章,违者必须追究。

五、各级党委要加强对报刊整顿工作的领导。

报刊的管理和整顿,过去抓过多次,但成效不明显,有的问题甚至发展得更加严重。个别地方的党委,对于所属的报刊不愿过问,对明摆着的问题久拖不办。这种状况必须从这次整顿一开始就扭转过来。中央要求,中央和国家机关各部委,要负责整顿好本部门及下属单位所办的报刊,各省、自治区、直辖市党委和政府,要负责整顿好自己和下屋地区、单位所办的报刊。各级党委都要把这件事情列入日程,认真讨论,切实加强领导,保证善始善终地完成报刊整顿任务。

报刊整顿一定要在充分调查研究、摸清情况的基础上进行。态度必须坚决,工作务求稳妥,既要避免马虎敷衍、走过场,又要防止草率从事、简单化。各地、各部门要在中央方针、政策指导下,结合实际情况,独立负责地做好整顿工作,加强督促检查,并在结束时严格检验整顿是否真正合格。中央宣传部应会同国务院新闻出版署加强与各地、各部门的联系,了解报刊整顿情况,抓好重点和典型,研究有关政策,做好指导、协调工作。

六、今年第三季度,所有报刊都要在国务院新闻出版署或省、自治区、直辖市出版管理部门重新登记注册。凡经过检查认定整顿合格者,发给报刊登记证。凡整顿不合格者即不予登记。没有登记证的报刊,一律不能接受订户的预订,不准印刷和发行,违者取缔。各省如有尚未建立新闻出版局者应从速建立,以便负责承担这一任务。对此,国务院新闻出版署将另行发出文件。

要认真总结党和政府领导报刊的经验。中央宣传部应努力协助国务院新闻出版署迅速完成出版法的起草工作,完善报刊管理的法规和制度,以巩固整顿成果,使新闻出版管理法律化、制度化、经常化。还要指导各地采取措施,切实加强对图书市场的管理,加强对印刷业特别是乡镇小印刷厂的管理。

各省、自治区、直辖市党委和中央、国家机关各部委,应即根据本通知制定整顿所属报刊的方案,提出对各类报刊合理调整布局和加强管理的意见,于今年第二季度内报告中央。报刊整顿应争取在今年内基本完成。

About these ads

One thought on “Notice concerning Firmly and Appropriately Doing Newspaper and Periodical Rectification Work Well

  1. Pingback: Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s