The Nineteen Major Articles of the Constitution

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Article 1: The Imperial lineage of the Great Qing Empire is unchangeable for all generations.

Article 2: The Emperor is sacred and inviolable.

Article 3: The powers of the Emperor are limited to the provisions of the Constitution.

Article 4: The line of succession to the Throne is provided by the Constitution.

Article 5: The Constitution is drafted and passed by the Office of the High Counsellors and promulgated by the Emperor.

Article 6: The power to propose revision of the Constitution belongs to the parliament.

Article 7: The members of the above body are elected by the citizens from those with special statutory qualifications,

Article 8: The Prime Minister is elected by the parliament and appointed by the Emperor. Other Ministers of State Affairs are chosen by the prime minister and appointed by the Emperor. The Imperial Family may not act as Prime Minister, other Ministers of State Affairs or chief executives of any province.

Article 9: When the Prime Minister is impeached by the parliament, and the parliament is not dissolved, the cabinet resigns. But one cabinet may not dissolve parliament twice.

Article 10: The Emperor directly commands the Army and the Navy. But when it is used domestically, special conditions decided by the parliament shall be complied with, otherwise, they may not be dispatched.

Article 11: Laws may not be replaced by imperial orders, except for emergency orders and under specified conditions, this is limited to the implementation of laws and matters delegated by law.

Article 12: International treaties that are not decided upon by parliament, may not be concluded. But concluding peace and declaring war, when not during periods when parliament is in session, shall be recognized retroactively by parliament

Article 13: The administrative system and administration rules shall be determined by law.

Article 14: Where the budget of a year, is not decided by parliament, expenses may not be paid according to the previous year’s budget. Within budget bills, there may not be fixed annual expenditures; outside of the budget bill, there may be no irregular financial arrangements.

Article 15: The determination, increase and decrease of the expenses of the Imperial House, is to be decided by Parliament.

Article 16: The great ceremonies of the Imperial House may not conflict with the Constitution

Article 17: The State judicial organs are organized by the two houses of Parliament

Article 18: Matters decided by Parliament shall be promulgated by the Emperor

Article 19: As long as Parliament is not opened, the Office of the High Counsellors shall apply the above Articles 8, 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 15 and 18.




第一条 大清帝国皇统万世不易


第二条 皇帝神圣不可侵犯


第三条 皇帝之权,以宪法所规定者为限


第四条 皇位继承顺序,于宪法规定之


第五条 宪法由资政院起草议决,由皇帝颁布之


第六条 宪法改正提案权属于国会


第七条 上院议员,由国民于有法定特别资格者公选之


第八条 总理大臣由国会公举,皇帝任命。其他国务大臣,由总理大臣推举,皇帝任命。皇族不得为总理大臣及其它国务大臣并各省行政长官


第九条 总理大臣受国会弹劾时,非国会解散,即内阁辞职。但一次内阁不得为两次国会之解散


第十条 海陆军直接皇帝统率。但对内使用时,应依国会议决之特别条件,此外不得调遣


第十一条 不得以命令代法律,除紧急命令,应特定条件外,以执行法律及法律所委任者为限


第十二条 国际条约,非经国会议决,不得缔结。但媾和宣战,不在国会开会期中者,由国会追认


第十三条 官制官规,以法律定之


第十四条 本年度预算,未经国会议决者,不得照前年度预算开支。由预算案内,不得有既定之岁出;预算案外,不得为非常财政之处分


第十五条 皇室经费之制定及增减,由国会议决


第十六条 皇室大典不得与宪法相抵触


第十七条 国务裁判机关,由两院组织之


第十八条 国会议决事项,由皇帝颁布之


第十九条 以上第八、第九、第十、第十二、第十三、第十四、第十五、第十八各条,国会未开以前,资政院适用之。



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