Attracting Great Numbers of Intellectuals

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I, In the long-term and brutal war for national liberation, in the great struggle to establish a new China, the Communist Party must be good at attracting intellectuals, before it can organize great resistance forces, organize millions of peasant masses, develop revolutionary cultural activities and develop the revolutionary united front. Without the participation of intellectuals, revolutionary victory is impossible.

II, Since three years, our Party and our army have already expended significant efforts in the area of attracting intellectuals, and have attracted a large batch of revolutionary intellectuals to join the Party, join the Army and join government work, conduct cultural activities and mass activities, and develop the united front, this is a great achievement. But the cadres in many army units still have not paid attention to the importance of intellectuals, and maintain attitudes of fearing intellectuals or even rejecting intellectuals, many of the schools we run still do not dare to recruit large amounts of students with a  free hand. Many localities’ Party departments still are unwilling to attract intellectuals into the Party. The occurrence of this sort of phenomenon, is because the importance of intellectuals towards the revolutionary undertaking is not understood, the difference between intellectuals from colonialist or semi-colonial countries and capitalist countries is not understood, the difference between intellectuals serving landlords and capitalism and intellectuals serving the working and peasant class is not understood, the importance of bourgeois parties making disparate efforts to vie with us for intellectuals, and Japan also using all sorts of methods to buy off and poison Chinese intellectuals is not understood, and especially it is not understood that our Party and army already has created a hard core and a backbone, and we have this sort of beneficial conditions to gasp the abilities of intellectuals.

III, Therefore, henceforth, it should be noted that: (1) all war regions’ Parties and all Party troops should attract great quantities of intellectuals to enter our ranks, enter our schools and enter our government work. As long as they are intellectuals who are willing to resist Japan, are relatively faithful and are relatively able to endure sufferance and work hard, they should be attracted in every way and given education, enabling them to tempering themselves in battle and in work, enabling them to serve the army, the government and the masses, and according to concrete situations, a part of the intellectuals who possess conditions to enter the Party is to be absorbed into the Party. As for a part of the intellectuals who cannot join the Party or who are unwilling to join the Party, good common work relations should also be established with them, leading them into work together. (2) under this sort of policy of attracting in large numbers, we should beyond all doubt fully pay attention to refusing enemies and elements dispatched by capitalist parties, and refuse unfaithful elements. We should adopt a serious attitude in refusing these sorts of elements. Where these sorts of animals have already infiltrated our Party, our army and government, we should rely on conclusive evidence, and firmly and differentiated clear them out. But we must not because of these distrust relatively faithful intellectuals; we must take strict precautions against counterrevolutionaries harming good people. (3) all relatively faithful intellectuals that have some use should be allocated suitable work, they should be well educated and led, progressively overcome their weak points in long-term struggle, making them revolutionized and popularized, making them gain a good understanding with old Party members and old cadres, and making them gain a good understanding with worker and peasant Party members. A Part of the cadres oppose intellectuals participating in work, especially some cadres in the main army force, they should be realistically persuaded, making them understand the necessary of attracting intellectuals to participate in work. At the same time, worker and peasant cadres are to be realistically encouraged to intensify their study and raise their cultural levels, enabling worker and peasant cadres’ intellectualization and the worker and peasant popularization of cadres, and realizing these at the same time. (5) In Guomindang-controlled areas and Japanese-occupied territories, the above principles basically apply, but when attracting intellectuals into the Party, even more attention should be paid to their degree of faithfulness, in order to guarantee that the Party organization becomes even tighter. We should establish suitable links with broad intellectuals outside the Party who sympathize with us, and organize them into resistance against Japan and the grand democratic struggle, organize them into cultural activities, and organize them into united front work.

IV, The comrades in the entire Party must recognize that correct policies towards intellectuals are one of the important conditions for revolutionary victory. In our Party, during the period of land revolution, many localities and many army units held an incorrect attitude towards intellectuals, and this should not be repeated from now on; and the creation of intellectuals in the proletariat itself, also may absolutely not deviate from using the assistance of existing intellectuals in society. The Centre hopes that all levels’ Party Committees and the comrades in the entire Party strictly pay attention to these issues.

大量吸收知识分子

一、在长期的和残酷的民族解放战争中,在建立新中国的伟大斗争中,共产党必须善于吸收知识分子,才能组织伟大的抗战力量,组织千百万农民群众,发展革命的文化运动和发展革命的统一战线。没有知识分子的参加,革命的胜利是不可能的。
二、三年以来,我党我军在吸收知识分子方面,已经尽了相当的努力,吸收了大批革命知识分子参加党,参加军队,参加政府工作,进行文化运动和民众运动,发展了统一战线,这是一个大的成绩。但许多军队中的干部,还没有注意到知识分子的重要性,还存着恐惧知识分子甚至排斥知识分子的心理。许多我们办的学校,还不敢放手地大量地招收青年学生。许多地方党部,还不愿意吸收知识分子入党。这种现象的发生,是由于不懂得知识分子对于革命事业的重要性,不懂得殖民地半殖民地国家的知识分子和资本主义国家的知识分子的区别,不懂得为地主资产阶级服务的知识分子和为工农阶级服务的知识分子的区别,不懂得资产阶级政党正在拚命地同我们争夺知识分子,日本帝国主义也在利用各种方法收买和麻醉中国知识分子的严重性,尤其不懂得我们的党和军队已经造成了中坚骨干,有了掌握知识分子的能力这种有利的条件。
三、因此,今后应该注意:(1)一切战区的党和一切党的军队,应该大量吸收知识分子加入我们的军队,加入我们的学校,加入政府工作。只要是愿意抗日的比较忠实的比较能吃苦耐劳的知识分子,都应该多方吸收,加以教育,使他们在战争中在工作中去磨练,使他们为军队、为政府、为群众服务,并按照具体情况将具备了入党条件的一部分知识分子吸收入党。对于不能入党或不愿入党的一部分知识分子,也应该同他们建立良好的共同工作关系,带领他们一道工作。(2)在这种大量吸收政策之下,毫无疑义应该充分注意拒绝敌人和资产阶级政党派遣进来的分子,拒绝不忠实的分子。对于这类分子的拒绝,应取严肃的态度。这类分子已经混进我们的党、我们的军队和政府者,则应依靠真凭实据,坚决地有分别地洗刷出去。但不要因此而怀疑那些比较忠实的知识分子;要严防反革命分子陷害好人。(3)对于一切多少有用的比较忠实的知识分子,应该分配适当的工作,应该好好地教育他们,带领他们,在长期斗争中逐渐克服他们的弱点,使他们革命化和群众化,使他们同老党员老干部融洽起来,使他们同工农党员融洽起来。(4)对于一部分反对知识分子参加工作的干部,尤其是主力部队中的某些干部,则应该切实地说服他们,使他们懂得吸收知识分子参加工作的必要。同时切实地鼓励工农干部加紧学习,提高他们的文化水平,使工农干部的知识分子化和知识分子的工农群众化,同时实现起来。(5)在国民党统治区和日寇占领区,基本上适用上述原则,但吸收知识分子入党时,应更多注意其忠实的程度,以保证党的组织更加严密。对于广大的同情我们的党外知识分子,则应该同他们建立适当的联系,把他们组织到抗日和民主的伟大斗争中去,组织到文化运动中去,组织到统一战线的工作中去。
四、全党同志必须认识,对于知识分子的正确的政策,是革命胜利的重要条件之一。我们党在土地革命时期,许多地方许多军队对于知识分子的不正确态度,今后决不应重复;而无产阶级自己的知识分子的造成,也决不能离开利用社会原有知识分子的帮助。中央盼望各级党委和全党同志,严重地注意这个问题。

2 thoughts on “Attracting Great Numbers of Intellectuals

    IBK said:
    August 8, 2012 at 12:44 pm

    why don’t you identify the author of this piece?

      chinacopyrightandmedia responded:
      August 8, 2012 at 1:37 pm

      It is a Central Committee resolution, but it was drafted by Mao Zedong.

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