CCP Central Committee Decisions concerning Establishing a Propaganda Network for the Popular Masses in the Entire Party

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(1 January 1950)

I, At present, organizations at all levels of our Party overlook conducting regular propaganda work towards the popular masses, with the result that many mistaken and reactionary propaganda and rumours regularly circulate among the popular masses, these do not meet with timely, necessary and deadly attack by our Party, and the Party’s policies and positions have not been fully propagated and explained among the popular masses in a timely manner, because of this, great damage has been done to the undertaking of the people. At present, one of the main weak points of the Party’s propaganda work towards the popular masses is that all levels’ Party organizations often make it into a temporary work for a number of people, and have not set up the necessary structures to ensure it becomes a regular work of the whole body of Communist Party members, and that all levels’ Party committees provide systematic leadership and management. One of the duties of Communist Party members is that they must conduct propaganda towards the popular masses at all times and in all places, and go and educate the popular masses untiringly and with a revolutionary spirit, conduct and uncompromising struggle with all reactionary and mistaken ideologies and positions, enlighten and raise the consciousness of the popular masses. The fact that propaganda work towards the popular masses lacks regularity and organization will certainly hamper Communist Party members in effectively carrying out their duties in this regard, and cause that, when a number of Party members conduct work among the popular masses, they will easily be infatuated with dealing the popular masses with simple administrative ordering methods and not with persuasive and explanatory methods. The Party must resolve and eliminate this phenomenon, and strengthen propaganda work towards the popular masses. To this end, a regular propaganda network must be established for the people in a systematic manner, propaganda officers must be set up within every Party branch, announcers are to be set up in all levels’ leading Party organizations, and certain structures are to be established for the work of propaganda officers and announcers.

II, The task of propaganda officials is to, under the leadership of Party organizations regularly conduct propaganda and education to the popular masses that surround them using simple and common methods concerning domestic and foreign current affairs, Party and People’s Government policies, the tasks of the popular masses and especially the direct tasks at that time and that place, as well as the model experiences of the popular masses in productive labour and other work matters, criticize all sorts of reactionary rumours and mistaken ideologies that circulate among the people, incite people to study model experiences, and vigorously complete their tasks, and to regularly report the situation among the popular masses to the Party organization, in order to assist the Party organization to decide on the appropriate propaganda content and propaganda method for that time.

All Party branches shall select Party members, Youth Lead Members, model workers from the surrounding popular masses who volunteer to take charge of propaganda work under the leadership of the Party and other vigorous revolutionary elements to become propaganda officers. Propaganda officers shall have the necessary political consciousness, set examples in their labour and other work, link up with the masses, and have the appropriate ability to take charge of propaganda work. Propaganda officers’ work methods include talks, communicating information, reading newspapers, listening to and disseminating the People’s Radio, writing and drawing propaganda texts and images, editing wall newspapers, etc., every propaganda officer may, according to work needs and individual ability, be appointed to one or more positions. The appointment of propaganda officers shall be examined and passed by the Party branch committee and the approval of the lower-level Party organization. Every Party and Youth League branch secretary, branch committee member and Party member of Youth League member having regular relationships with the popular masses (such as labour union cadres, cooperative cadres, village cadres, school teachers, officials in mass education institutes, wall newspaper editors, etc.) shall assume the office of propaganda officer.

III, All levels’ Party committees shall regularly discuss propaganda work for the popular masses, and consider propaganda officials to be important bridges to link up the Party with the popular masses, and provide regular leadership, assistance and education.

Party branch committees shall regularly convene conferences for the whole body of subordinate propaganda officials, and discuss the concrete tasks and methods of that branch’s propaganda work according to higher-level instructions and the situation of that branch, examine the situation and experience of propaganda work, listen to propaganda officers’ reports concerning the situation of the masses, and give concrete work instructions to propaganda officers. In order to mobilize all sorts of revolutionary organizations to jointly engage in propaganda, branch propaganda officer conferences shall provide for an appropriate division of work between the Party, the Youth League, labour unions, peasant associations, cooperatives and other organizations. Branch propaganda officer conferences’ duration may be somewhat lengthened or shortened according to work needs and the situation of the activities of that branch, but at least one conference must be convened every month, and at most one conference shall be convened every week.

City and county Party committees shall convene a joint branch secretary conference, a propaganda officer representative conference or a propaganda officer plenary session every month, the municipal committee secretary and the county committee secretary make a report concerning the present circumstances and tasks, and presides over an inspection of propaganda work of the previous month and a discussion of propaganda work in the next month. Under conditions where communications are difficult, county committee meetings may be convened through division of district. Regional committees shall be responsible to represent the city committee and county committee in conducting regular leadership over propaganda work in branches, and according to the conditions of each branch, provide the regular scope, objectives and methods for all branches’ propaganda activities. In the countryside, district committees shall establish propaganda officer teaching station structures, where the district committee members regularly respectively convene some branches’ propaganda officers or representatives of propaganda officers, to teach propaganda content and propaganda methods, and issue and explain propaganda materials.

Provincial, municipal, local and county Party committees shall regularly provide propaganda officers with propaganda instructions and materials. All levels’ Party newspapers and Party periodicals shall regularly publish texts discussing propaganda work and propaganda officer work. All levels’ Party schools and Party training classes shall have classes to discuss propaganda work, and shall establish short-term rotational training classes for propaganda officers under conditions of feasibility.

IV, In order to ensure that the popular masses fully understand the Party’s political position in a certain period, only relying on the work of propaganda officers is insufficient, and all levels’ Party responsible persons must directly and regularly make systematic reports to the popular masses concerning current affairs, politics, work tasks and work experience. To this end, provincial, municipal, local, county and district Party committees shall set up reporting officers to undertake the tasks of making political reports to the popular masses. Reporting officers are a sort of high-level propaganda officers, and shall be the leaders of propaganda officers.

Reporting officers are selected from provincial, municipal, local, county and district Party Committee secretaries and committee members, from Party members in provincial, municipal, local, county and district people’s governments undertaking responsible work, as well as other Party members appointed by the all abovementioned levels’ Party Committees. Every reporting officer must make at least one political report every two months to the assembly and representative assembly of urban and rural popular masses (first and foremost workers and peasant masses). The topics and main content points of these reports shall be provided for or approved by all levels’ Party Committee secretaries to which the reporting officer is subordinate, the result of reports shall be reports to all levels’ Party Committee secretaries. All levels’ Party Committees shall be responsible for inspecting the work situation of subordinate reporting officers, and give then all sorts of assistance and guidance, in order to guarantee that their work can be regularly and correctly conducted and incessantly improved, provincial and local Party committees shall select suitable reports by reporting officers for publication in newspapers.

V, Establishing propaganda officer and reporting officer structures is in order to ensure that the Party’s propaganda work for the people gains a regularly functioning backbone, and is not because Party propaganda work must be limited to within the scope of propaganda officers and reporting officers. All Party organizations’ leading organs, as well as all propaganda officers and reporting officers must be good at uniting with the positive elements of the people who participate in propaganda work in any way. In new regions where not a large amount of Party members have been attracted to set up branch organizations, apart from district committees directly attracting a number of propaganda officers and provide leadership among Party members, Youth League members and non-Party positive elements, organization of non-Party propaganda networks in appropriate ways should be stressed. During all whole-people-type propaganda movements, Party organizations shall be good at coordinating actions with all democratic parties and all people’s organizations, and at organizing the unanimous participation of work personnel in People’s Governments, People’s Liberation Army, cultural circles, education circles, and artistic circles, in order to shape the broadest propaganda teams for all sorts of designated objectives.

VI, Rapidly establishing propaganda officer and reporting officer structures on a nationwide scope, although some difficulties cannot be avoided, is necessary to resolve this problem, and there are the conditions for this. Generally speaking, our Party has a tradition of making propaganda towards the popular masses. Experiences of trying out the establishment of propaganda officers in the North-East, the North, the Centre and Southern regions, etc., in many cities, factories, mines and minority rural areas in the last years, there are already some experiences that can be rolled out nationwide. But, in order to truly and effectively and not formalistically establish broad propaganda officer structures and reporting officer structures, the entire Party must still make strenuous efforts. All provincial and municipal Party Committees shall, according to the local circumstances, formulate concrete plans to implement this Decisions within the next half year, report them to all Central bureaus to which they are subordinate for approval, and regularly examine the implementation situation, in order to realize this on time.

中共中央关于在全党建立对人民群众的宣传网的决定

(一九五一年一月一日)
一、目前我们党的各级组织忽视对于人民群众进行经常的宣传工作,以至有许多错误的和反动的宣传和谣言经常在人民群众中流传,遇不到我们党及时的、应有的和致命的打击,党的政策与主张,没有及时地在人民群众中进行充分的宣传解释,因此,大大地损害了人民事业。目前党对人民群众的宣传工作的主要弱点之一,就是各级党的组织往往把它当作一部分人的和临时性的工作,而没有建立必要的制度,使它成为全体共产党员的经常性的工作,并由各级党的委员会给以有系统的领导和管理。共产党员的天职之一,就是随时随地向人民群众进行宣传,以革命精神不疲倦地去教育人民群众,向一切反动的和错误的思想与主张进行不调和的斗命,启发和提高人民群众的觉悟。对人民群众的宣传工作缺乏经常性和组织性的现象,势必妨碍共产党员有效地履行自己的这种职责,放纵反革命分子的宣传活动和错误思想的流传,妨碍党与人民群众联系的加强,妨碍党的克服官僚主义命令主义倾向的斗争,而使一部分党员在人民群众中进行工作时容易醉心于以简单的行政命令方法而不是以说服解释方法来对待人民群众。党必须坚决消灭这种现象,加强对人民群众的宣传工作。为此目的,就必须有系统地建立对人民群众的经常性的宣传网,即在党的每个支部设立宣传员,在党的各级领导机关设立报告员,并建立关于宣传员报告员工作的一定制度。

二、宣传员的任务,是在党的组织的领导之下,经常向自己周围的人民群众用简单通俗的形式进行关于国内外时事,党和人民政府的政策,人民群众的任务特别是当时当地的直接任务,以及人民群众在生产劳动和其他工作中的模范经验的宣传解释,批驳各种反动谣言及在人民群众中流传的错误思想,鼓动人民群众学习模范经验,积极完成任务,并经常将人民群众中的情况向党的组织报告,以便帮助党的组织决定各个时期的适当的宣传内容和宣传方法。

党的每个支部应当挑选党员,青年团员和支部周围的人民群众中自愿在党的领导下担任宣传工作的劳动模范和其他革命积极分子担任宣传员。宣传员应当具有必要的政治觉悟,在生产劳动和其他工作中以身作则,联系群众,并有担任宣传工作的适当能力。宣传员的工作方法包括谈话、传递消息、读报、收听和传布人民广播、书写和绘制宣传性的文字图画、编辑墙报等等,每个宣传员可以按照工作需要和本人能力任择一种或几种。宣传员的任命应当经过党的支部委员会的审查通过和底一级党组织的批准。党和青年团的每个支部书记、支部委员和与人民群众有经常工作联系仙党员和青年团员(例如工会干部、合作社干部、区村干部、学校教师、民众教育馆的职员、墙报编辑等),都应当担任宣传员。

三、党的各级委员会应当经常讨论对于人民群众的宣传工作,并且把宣传员看作是联系党和人民群众的重要桥梁而加以经常的领导、帮助和教育。

党的支部委员会应当经常召集本支部所属的全体宣传员会议,按照上级指示和本支部的条件,讨论本支部宣传工作的具体任务和方法,检查宣传工作的状况和经验,听取宣传员关于群众情况的报告,给宣传员以工作的具体指示。为了动员各种革命组织共同从事宣传,支部宣传员会议应当规定党、青年团、工会、农民协会、合作社等组织之间的适当的分工。支部宣传员会议的会期可以按工作需要和支部活动状况而有所伸缩,但最少每月须开会一次,最多每周开会一次。

市和县的党的委员会应当每月召集一次支部书记联席会议或宣传员代表会议或宣传员大会,由市委书记和县委书记作关于当前情况和任务的报告,井主持检查上月的宣传工作和讨论下月的宣传工作。在交通困难的条件下,县委员会可以分区召集这样的会议。区委员会应当负责代表市委员会和县委员会进行对于支部宣传工作的经常领导,并按照每个支部的条件,规定每个支部宣传活动的经常的范围、目标和方法。在农村中,区委员会应当建立宣传员传授站的制度,由区委委员经常分别召集几个支部的宣传员或宣传员的代表,传授宣传内容和宣传方法,分发和讲解宣传资料。

省、市、地方和县的党的委员会应当经常供给宣传员以宣传的指示和资料。各级党报和党刊应当经常发表讨论宣传工作和宣传员工作的文字。各级党校和党的训练班应当有讨论宣传工作的课程,并且应当在可能条件下设立宣传员的短期轮训班。

四、为了使人民群众充分了解党在一定时期的政治主张,仅仅依靠宣传员的工作是不够的,必须由党的各级负责人直接地经常地向人民群众作关于时事、政策、工作任务、工作经验的有系统的报告。为此目的,省、市、地方、县和区的党的委员会都应当设立报告员来担任向人民群众作政治报告的任务。报告员是一种高级的宣传员,并且应当是宣传员的领导者。

报告员由省、市、地方、县和区的党的委员会的书记和委员,在省、市、地方、县和区的人民政府中担任负责工作的党员,以及其他由上述各级党的委员会所指定的党员担任。每个报告员每两个月必须向城乡人民群众(首先是工人、农民群众)的集会和代表会议作至少一次政治报告。这些报告的题目和内容要点应当由报告员所属的党的各级委员会书记规定或批准,报告的结果应当向党的各级委员会书记报告。党的各级委员会应当负责审查所属报告员的工作状况,并给他们以各种帮助和指导,以保证他们的工作得以经常地正确地进行并不断地改善,省和地方的党委员会应当选择适当的报告员的报告在报纸上公布。

五、建立宣传员和报告员的制度,是为了使党向人民群众进行宣传的工作得到经常起作用的骨干,而不是要把党的宣传工作限制于宣传员和报告员的范围内。每个党组织的领导机关,以及每个宣传员和报告员,都必须善于团结人民群众中的积极分子以各种形式参加宣传工作。在还没有大量吸收党员建立支部组织的新区,除由区委员会在党员青年团员和非党积极分子中直接吸收一部分宣传员并加以领导外,应着重组织适当形式的非党宣传网。在一切全民性的宣传运动中,党的组织都应当善于和各民主党派、各人民团体协同动作,并组织人民政府、人民解放军、文化界、教育界、艺术界的工作人员一致参加,以便在各种特定目标下形成最广大的宣传队伍。

六、在全党范围内迅速建立宣传员和报告员制度,虽然不可免地会遇到一些困难,但是解决这个问题却是必要的,并且也是有条件的。一般地说,我们的党有向人民群众作宣传的传统。一年以来,在东北、华北、中南等区的许多城市、工矿和少数农村中,在设立宣传员的试验中已有若干可以在全国推行的经验。但是为了确实有效地而不是形式主义地普遍建立宣传员制度和报告员制度,仍然要求全党作严重的努力。各省、市的党的委员会应当按照当地情况,定出在半年内实施本决定的具体计划,报告所属的各中央局批准,并定期检查执行状况,以求如期实现。

 

One thought on “CCP Central Committee Decisions concerning Establishing a Propaganda Network for the Popular Masses in the Entire Party

    Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    December 15, 2012 at 2:22 pm

    […] Interpretation concerning Some Questions in Hearing Reputation Rights Cases (1993) Notice concerning Further Strengthening Foreign Cooperative Film Production Management Work (1988) CCP Central Committee Decisions concerning Establishing a Propaganda Network for the Popular Masses … (1950) […]

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