General Administration of News Decision concerning Improving Newspaper Work

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(Approved on 21 April 1950 at the 29th Administrative Meeting of the State Administrative Council, promulgated on 22 April 1950)

(1) To adapt to the situation that the entire country will progressively shift towards production and construction as central tasks, newspapers nationwide shall use the most important space to report the situation of the people’s production and labour, propagate successful experiences in production work, economic and financial management and lessons learned through mistakes, and discuss methods to resolve all these difficulties encountered in work. Newspapers’ news, reports, comments, letters, specialist or common supplements shall all serve this task as far as possible. In localities conducting land reform work, reports and discussions concerning land reports shall occupy the main position.

Local newspapers shall strive to adapt to the needs of the local popular masses. Apart from major domestic and foreign matters, common telecommunications may be summarized in provincial-level or lower local newspapers, or the method of explaining them in common language may be adopted.

Regardless of whether it concerns central, administrative area or sub-provincial level newspapers, they shall all reduce space for meetings, organs’ activities, unimportant discussions and acts by responsible personnel, or documents and telegrams that are not of broad importance. Concerning important meetings and documents, they shall strive to utilize suitable news communication and comments to provide lively and common-language explanation, in order to make it convenient for the popular masses to understand it.

(2) In order to strengthen the application of newspapers in the undertaking of national construction, newspaper editing, newsgathering and commenting personnel must thoroughly understand the basic knowledge of social science, be well-versed in national and local policies, situations and issues in the undertaking of construction, cultivate a work style of investigating, researching and seeking truth from facts, and strive to maintain close links with the popular masses, organs and cadres. They shall reform the organizational form and work methods of newspaper publishers, change the present situation of each going his on way in editing, newsgathering, communication, networks and other work matters, which impedes linking with reality, establish uniform and concentrated editorial leadership, and divide into suitable groups according to the different aspects of social life (for example on the issue of public and private industry and commerce, and workers; the issue of agriculture and peasants; military affairs and the army, ideology, culture, education and publishing, etc.), in order to make it convenient for editing and newsgathering personnel in all groups to obtain specialist knowledge concerning their areas, and to link up editing and newsgathering work.

(3) Newspapers shall make establishing and leading correspondent networks and news reading and discussion group work into important political tasks.

The correspondents of newspapers shall have the activist elements among the popular masses as the core, apart from intellectuals among workers and peasants, they shall also attract vigorous work personnel in government departments and progressive intellectuals. Newspaper editorial departments shall frequently use correspondence, meetings and other methods to guide and encourage the work of correspondents, help them in studying how to write important, fair and rapid reports, and write up the opinions among the masses and of their own concerning political work, the undertaking of production construction and other matters of social life.

Reading groups shall be regular and organized learners and organizers of newspaper content. Reading groups shall at the same time report local situations and mass opinions to newspapers. News papers shall, in order to encourage the activities of reading groups, provide appropriate preferential treatment in subscription conditions and other aspects.

(4) Newspapers shall bear the responsibility for criticizing flaws and mistakes in the work of government organs and their work personnel, economic organizations and their work personnel. This sort of criticism shall be positive, rich in constructiveness, seek truth from facts, and be good to people. Criticism published by newspapers shall require the criticized side to make appropriate statements, in order to make it convenient for the popular masses to report the result of criticism.

Newspapers shall use great attention to publish and answer letters from readers, especially letters of criticism, suggestion and inquiry concerning government work, the undertaking of economic construction and other matters in social life. The most important among these letters may be edited into a news version, others may be edited into supplement, and act as a main content for common newspaper supplements.

新闻总署关于改进报纸工作的决定

(一九五○年四月二十一日政务院第二十九次政务会议批准,一九五○年四月二十二日发布)
(一)适应全国逐步转入以生产建设为中心任务的情况,全国报纸应当用首要的篇幅来报道人民生产劳动的状况,宣传生产工作和经济财政管理工作中成功的经验和错误的教训,讨论解决这些工作中所遇到的各项困难的办法。报纸的新闻、通讯、评论、信箱、专门性的或一般性的副刊,都应当尽可能地服从于这个任务。在进行土地改革工作的地方,关于土地改革的报道和讨论也应当占据首要的地位。

地方的报纸应当力求适应本地人民群众的需要。除了最重要的国内外大事,一般电讯在省级或省级以下地方报纸上可以采取摘要和加以通俗解释的方法。

无论是中央的、大行政区的或省以下的报纸,都应当减少关于会议、机关活动,负责人员的不重要的言论行动,没有广泛重要性的文告文电的篇幅。对于重要的会议和文告应当力求用适当的新闻通信和评论加以生动而通俗的解释,以便为人民群众所了解。

(二)为了加强报纸在国家建设事业中的作用,报纸的编辑、采访、评论人员必须通晓社会科学的基本知识,通晓国家和地方建设事业的政策、情况和问题,养成调查研究实事求是的作风,并力求与人民群众、机关和干部保持亲密的联系。应当改革报社的组织形式和工作方法,改变现有的妨碍联系实际的编辑采访通讯联络等项工作各自为政的状态,建立编辑部门统一集中的领导,并应按照社会生活的不同方面(例如公私营工商业与工人问题、农业与农民问题、军事与军队、思想文化与教育出版等)实行适当的分组,以便各组的编辑采访人员可以获得关于各该方面的专门知识,并将编辑采访的工作联合在一起。

(三)报纸应当把建立和领导通讯员网和读报组的工作当作重要的政治任务。

报纸的通讯员网应当以人民群众中的积极分子为主体,除工人农民中的积极分子外,也要吸收政府机关中的积极的工作人员和进步的知识分子参加。报纸编辑部应当经常地用通信和开会等方法去指导和鼓励通讯员的工作,帮助他们学习写出重要的、公正的和迅速的报道,并写出群众中的和他们自己的对于政府工作、生产建设事业和其他社会生活的意见。

读报组应当是报纸内容的经常的和有组织的学习者和宣传者。读报组同时应当向报纸报告地方情况和群众意见。报纸为了鼓励读报组的活动,应当在订阅条件或其他方面给以适当的优待。

(四)报纸对于政府机关及其工作人员、经济组织及其工作人员的工作中的缺点和错误,应负批评的责任。这种批评应当是积极的,富于建设性的,实事求是的,和与人为善的。报纸所发表的批评应当要求被批评者作适当的声明,以便向人民群众报告批评的结果。

报纸应当用很大的注意来发表和答复读者的来信,特别是关于政府工作、经济建设事业和其他社会生活的批评、建议和询问的信件。这些信件中最重要的可以编入新闻版,其他的可以编入副刊,作为一般报纸副刊的主要内容。

One thought on “General Administration of News Decision concerning Improving Newspaper Work

    Latest updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    November 17, 2012 at 10:31 am

    […] General Administration of News Decision concerning Improving Newspaper Work (1950) […]

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