CCP Central Committee Instructions concerning Conducting Propaganda on Current Affairs Nationwide

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(26 October 1950)

All Central bureaus, all branch bureaus, all military regions, all provincial and municipal committees:

The American army has expanded its invasion of Korea and has directly invaded Taiwan, this severely threatens our country’s national security, our country cannot ignore this. In order to ensure that the whole body of the people correctly understand the present circumstances, firmly establish confidence in victory, and eliminate the mentality of fearing America, all localities shall promptly launch propaganda activities concerning current affairs. In propaganda, attention shall be paid to the following matters:

I, The basic content of propaganda is twofold: (1) our country cannot ignore the expansion of the American army’s invasion of Korea; (2) the people in our entire country shall have a unanimous understanding of and viewpoint towards American imperialism, persist in eliminating pro-American reactionary ideologies and mistaken mentalities of fearing America, and universally cultivate an attitude of hatred, disdain and scorn towards American imperialism.

II, In order to correctly understand the relationship of the Korean situation and China, it should be explained that: (I) speaking from the Chinese side, China and Korea are mutually dependent, America’s invasion of Korea is inseparable from aggression against China. (1) America openly invaded Taiwan, at the same time as initiating an invasion of Korea, and has continuously bombarded and strafed our Northeastern border. (2) America has ignored our country’s warnings and the suggestions of the Soviet Union, but brazenly infringed upon the 38th parallel and directly aims for the Sino-Korean border. (3) Documents captured by the North Koreans and other aspects prove that America has plotted and planned to further occupy our country’s Northeast after capturing Korea. (4) This sort of plan of America is cut from the same cloth as the earlier history of Japan in invading China, Japan invaded Korea and Taiwan as a first step, invaded the Northeast as a second step, and invaded the whole of China as a third step. Because of all of this, for the sake of our national security, we cannot ignore the American army’s invasion of Korea. (II) Speaking from the Korean side, the Korean People’s Army’s retreat after a strong American army landed in Incheon was inevitable and necessary, but the Korean people’s struggle to oppose America is still being continued, through protracted and correct efforts, it will be shifted into a counterattack. Under these circumstances, our country’s support for the continued struggle of the Korean people has an important significance, and the continued struggle of the Korean people also has an important significance for our national security. (III) If America dares to let a global war break out at this time, its defeat will be even more thorough, because the American military preparations have not yet been completed at this time, and the forces of the peace camp are larger than the forces of America and England. We want peace, we do not want war, but we cannot allow America to invade the Sino-Korean border and ignore that.

III, In order to correctly understand America, it shall be explained that:

(I) America is the enemy of China. Looking at the present: (1) America has brazenly invaded our country’s province of Taiwan. (2) America has brazenly bombarded and strafed our Northeastern compatriot, (3) America has ignored our country’s warnings, has brazenly expanded its invasion of Korea, and has attacked the Sino-Korean border. (4) America has brazenly continued to assist the bandit gang of Chiang Kai-shek. (5) America does not let our country participate in the United Nations, the Security Council and the Allied Commission for Japan. (6) America supports and arms the Japanese reactionary clique, and vigorously prepares to make individual peace with Japan. (7) America leads all imperialist countries to jointly oppress and surround our country diplomatically and militarily. (8) America conducts all sorts of special operations and destructive activities inside our country. Historically speaking, America has always attacked our country, for example: (1) In 1844, it concluded the Wanghia treaty with the Manchus, which initiated extraterritoriality and clauses on equal sharing of benefits, afterwards, it successively concluded many unequal treaties. This proves that America engaged in political aggression against China before. (2) In 1862, it assisted the Manchus in suppressing the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom, and in 1872, it attacked Korea (at that time, a vassal state of China), in 1873, it attacked Taiwan, in 1900, it participated in the Eight Nation Army that attacked China. This proves that America has engaged in military aggression against China before. (3) In 1917, the Lansing-Ishii agreement recognized Japanese privileges in China, the 1918 Paris Peace Conference recognized Japan’s succession to the German privileges in Shandong, the May Fourth movement was caused by this. (4) In the case of the massacre on 30 May 1925 and the Xiaguan massacre of 1927, it participated in the butchering of Chinese people. (5) During the decade of civil war after the defection of Chiang Kai-shek, it vigorously assisted Chiang Kai-shek in butchering and oppressing the Chinese people, and controlling Chinese politics and the economy. (6) During the period of Japanese aggression against China, it provided large amounts of military assets to Japan. (7) After the Japanese surrender, it vigorously invaded China, concluded Sino-American commercial treaties, and schemed to change China into an American colony. (8) After the Japanese surrender, it vigorously assisted Chiang Kai-shek in launching attacks on the people and the counterrevolutionary civil war, in which thousands and thousands of Chinese were killed.

(II) America is the enemy of the whole world. (1) America is the headquarters of the enemies of peace and the international war of aggression. The big American capitalists have making murder money as their business, their aggression covers the five continents, they vigorously prepare for and play up a third World War, they oppress the peace movement, and refuse a prohibition of nuclear weapons. (2) America is the enemy of democracy and the headquarters of fascist reaction. Domestically, America has become a fascist world of terror, its spies rampage, apart from big capitalists and their lapdogs, the American people have no freedom of speech, publication, assembly and association. In all colonies controlled by America, America is doing its utmost to prop up the sort of bloody despot like Chiang Kai-shek and Syngman Rhee. In all capitalist countries manipulated by America, America is doing its utmost to simple the fascistization of their politics. (3) America is the enemy of culture and the headquarters of human spiritual degeneration. American rulers compel science, art and religion to serve imperialist aggression, science is not used for construction but is used for war, art does not advocate progress but plays up degeneracy, religion does not participate in peaceful activities but participates in espionage activities. The American ruling class uses intimidation and bribery to destroy the moral concepts of the people, American aggressors in Korea and other places are savage, and not different from Hitler or Tojo.

(III) America is a paper tiger. Although America spares no efforts to obtain a temporary victory in the young and small Korea, this is only equal to Chiang Kai-shek occupying Yan’an, in the end, they must still lose, they still are paper tigers. America is not only isolated politically, it also has severe military weaknesses: (1) its front is too long, it is attacked front and rear, its front stretches from Western Europe to Eastern Asia, it exceeds Hitler and Japan. (2) Its rear is too far, it must cross the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, in contrast to Hitler and Japan. (3) Its morale is not high, its actual combat experience is insufficient and its fighting strength is weak. (4) The allies are not strong, Western Germany and Japan have not yet been armed, England, France, Italy and other countries have become non-military strong countries. (5) Under this sort of circumstances, the superiority of American resources cannot but be limited and neutralized, and after its defeat in Western Europe, it will lose this sort of superiority. (6) Nuclear weapons are not held by America alone now, and they cannot decide victory or defeat in war. The broader the territory, the less concentrated the population, and the smaller the function of nuclear weapons.

IV, The propaganda methods must mainly be internal discussion in all organs, groups, schools, factories and troops. Before the beginning of discussion, responsible cadres should convene cadres inside and outside of the Party in a meeting and make a systematic report, afterwards, cadres respectively make reports in their subordinate departments, afterwards, discussion is organized. Concerning representative persons outside of the Party and patriotic elements among the national bourgeoisie, matters shall be talked through with them in advance, to ensure that their have a positive function in social public opinion. In discussion, the main discussion may start from the Korean problem, afterwards, it may shift to opposing pro-Americanism and the problem of fear of America. All persons should be encouraged to argue and discuss freely, in order to thoroughly resolve matters in their ideologies as much as possible, enable people to display vigour and confidence in assisting Korea, and not fear difficulties, display themselves to be absolutely irreconcilable with American imperialism, and ensure that pro-American and America-fearing emotions cannot find living space, just like the pro-Japanese or Japan-fearing emotions during the movement to oppose Japan. In order to help the conduct of discussion, all organs, groups, schools, factories and troops should produce large wall newspapers, old many special subject speeches, put up more relevant books and newspapers, and use appropriate real issues (such as opposing profiteering, speculation, treacherous rumours, espionage activities, etc.), organize neighbourhood propaganda, and initiate voluntary letter-writing to the People’s Liberation Army and the Korean People to express respect and determination, etc. In villages, concise and popular propaganda should be conducted in integration with the present work (such as strengthening local armament, suppressing counterrevolutionary activities, etc.) All localities’ literature and art circles and publishing circles should produce large numbers of all sorts of artworks and pamphlets, in response to propaganda needs.

V, In all propaganda, attention should be paid to protecting State secrets, and attention should be paid to preventing that espionage elements intentionally put forward intense slogans to create alarm among the masses and put us at a disadvantage. No responsible persons may talk about concrete methods and issues in assisting Korea, when they are asked about this, they may say that they believe the Central People’s Government will be able to decide upon correct policies, and that although we don’t know the content of Central policymaking, the people may put forward their own opinions. Until the Centre sends down new instructions, there should be more comments, information and letters published in newspapers that oppose American expansion of its war of aggression against Korea and Taiwan, and that oppose pro-Americanism and fear of America, as well as on strengthening national defence and public order management., concerning assistance to Korea, they are limited to publishing writing that expresses sympathy with and encourages the Korean people in their determined struggle, and confidence in winning the final victory.

VI, This document shall be speedily transmitted in detail to cadres and propaganda work personnel, please inform about important situations in all localities’ mass discussions.

Central Committee

26 October

中共中央关子在全国进行时事宣传的指示
(一九五○年十月二十六日)
各中央局、各分局、各军区、各省市委:

美军扩大侵朝并直接侵略台湾,严重威胁我国安全,我国不能置之不理。为了使全体人民正确地认识当前形势,确立胜利信心,消灭恐美心理,各地应即展开关于目前时事的宣传运动。宣传中应注意之点如下:

一、宣传的基本内容有二:(一)我国对美军扩大侵朝,不能置之不理;(二)我全国人民对美帝国主义应有一致的认识和立场,坚决消灭亲美的反动思想和恐美的错误心理,普遍养成对美帝国主义的仇视、鄙视、蔑视的态度。

二、为了正确认识朝鲜形势对中国的关系,应说明:(一)从中国方面说,中朝唇齿相依,美国侵朝与侵华是分不开的。(1)美在发动侵朝的同时公开侵略台湾,并连续轰炸扫射我东北边境。(2)美国不顾我国警告和苏联建议,悍然侵越三八线而直趋中朝边境。(3)从北朝鲜缴获文件及其他方面证明,美国确有侵占朝鲜后进一步侵占我国东北的阴谋计划。(4)美国此种计划与以前日本对华侵略历史如出一辙,日本是第一步侵略朝鲜、台湾,第二步侵略东北,第三步侵略全中国。由于这一切,为了我国的安全,不能对美军侵朝置之不理。(二)从朝鲜方面说,朝鲜人民军在强大美军登陆仁川后的退却是必然的和必要的,但朝鲜人民反对美国的斗争仍然在继续着,经过持久的正确的努力,仍将转入反攻。在此种形势下,我国的支援对朝鲜人民的继续斗争有重大意义,而朝鲜人民的继续斗争,对我国安全亦有重大意义。(三)美国如果竟敢在此时爆发世界战争,则其失败将更彻底,因为现在美国的军事准备尚未完成,而和平阵营势力则大于美英势力。我们要和平,不要战争,但不能听任美国侵入中朝边界而置之不理。

三、为了正确地认识美国,应说明:

(一)美国是中国的敌人。就目前说:(1)美国公然侵略我国的台湾省。(2)美国公然轰炸扫射我东北同胞,(3)美国不顾我国警告,公然扩大侵略朝鲜,向中朝边境进攻。(4)美国公然继续援助蒋介石匪帮。(5)美国不让我国参加联合国和安理会及盟国对日委员会等。(6)美国扶植并武装日本反动派,积极准备对日单独媾和。(7)美国领导帝国主义各国,在外交上与军事上共同压迫和包围我国。(8)美国在我国内部进行各种特务破坏活动。就历史说,美国亦一贯侵略我国,例如:(1)一八,四四年与满清订立望厦条约,首创治外法权与利益均沾条款,其后又陆续订立许多不平等条约。这证明美国早已对中国从事政治侵略。(2)一八六二年帮助满清镇压太平天国,一八七二年进攻朝鲜(当时为中国藩属),一八七三年进攻台湾,一九○○年参加八国联军进攻中国。这证明美国早已对中国从事武装侵略。(3)一九一七年蓝辛石井协定承认日本在华特权,一九一八年巴黎和会承认日本继承德国在山东特权,五四运动即由此而起。(4)一九二五年五卅惨案与一九二七年下关惨案中参加屠杀中国人民。(5)在蒋介石叛变后的十年内战期间,积极援助蒋介石屠杀压迫中国人民,并控制中国政治经济。(6)在日本侵华期间大量供给日本以军事物资。(7)日本投降后积极侵略中国,订立中美商约,企图变中国为美国殖民地。(8)日本投降后积极援助蒋介石发动进攻人民的反革命大内战,杀死了数百万中国人

(二)美国是全世界的敌人。(1)美国是和平的敌人和国际侵略战争的大本营。美国的大资本家以发杀人财为职业,其侵略及于五大洲,积极准备和鼓吹世界第三次大战,压迫和平运动,拒绝禁止原子武器。(2)美国是民主的敌人和法西斯反动的大本营。美国国内已成法西斯恐怖世界,特务横行,除大资本家及其走狗外,美国人民没有言论、出版、集会、结社自由。在一切为美国所控制的殖民地,美国均竭力扶植蒋介石李承晚一类血腥独裁者。在一切为美国所操纵的资本主义国家,美国均竭力促使其政治法西斯化。(3)美国是文化的敌人和人类精神堕落的大本营。美国统治者迫使科学、艺术、宗教为帝国主义侵略服务,科学不用于建设而用于战争,艺术不提倡进步而提倡堕落,宗教不参加和平活动而参加间谍活动。美国统治阶级以威胁利诱摧残人民的道德观念,美国侵略者在朝鲜等地的野蛮与希特勒、东条无异。

(三)美国是纸老虎。美国虽竭尽全力对年轻的小国朝鲜取得暂时胜利,但这也只等于蒋介石占领延安,最后仍然要失败,仍然是纸老虎。美国不但在政治上是孤立的,在军事上亦有严重弱点:(1)战线太长,腹背受敌,战线由西欧至东亚,超过希特勒与日本。(2)后方太远,必须横渡大西洋太平洋,不如希特勒与日本。(3)士气不高,实战经验不多,战斗力弱。(4)同盟者不强,西德日本尚未武装起来,英法意等国现已非军事强国。(5)在此种形势下,美国资源的优势不能不受到限制和抵消,且在西欧失败后即将丧失此种优势。(6)原子武器已非美居独有,且不能决定战争胜负。国土愈广,人口愈不集中,原子武器的作用愈小。

四、宣传的方法,以各机关、团体、学校、工厂和部队内部讨论为主。讨论开始前,应由负责同志召集党内外干部会议作有系统的报告,然后由干部分别在所属部门内作报告,然后举行讨论。对于有代表性的党外人士和民族资产阶级中的爱国分子,应在事先与他们谈通,使他们在社会舆论上起积极作用。在讨论中大体可由朝鲜问题入手,然后转入反对亲美恐美问题。应鼓励各人自由争辩检讨,以求尽量在思想上彻底解决,使人人对援朝表示积极有信心不怕困难,对美帝国主义表示不共戴天,使亲美恐美情绪与抗日运动中的亲日恐日情绪同样不能容身。为帮助讨论的进行,各机关、团体、学校、工厂、部队均应多出大幅墙报,多作专题讲演,多置有关书报,并可利用适当的实际问题(例如反对奸商投机、奸人造谣、特务活动等),组织街头宣传,及发起自愿的向人民解放军和朝鲜人民写信表示敬意和决心等。在农村中,则应结合当前工作(例如加强地方武装、镇压反革命活动等)来进行简要通俗的宣传。各地文艺界和出版界应大量生产各种艺术作品和小册子,以应宣传的需要。

五、在一切宣传中均应注意保守国家机密,并应注意防止特务分子故意提出激烈口号造成群众的惊慌和我们的被动。一切负责人不要谈到援助朝鲜的具体方法问题,在被询问时可说我们相信中央人民政府必能决定正确的对策,我们虽不知道中央决策的内容,但人民可以提出自己的意见。在中央未有新的指示前,在报纸上应多发表反对美国扩大战争侵略朝鲜、台湾,反对亲美恐美以及加强国防和治安的评论、消息和信件,对援朝则限于发表同情鼓励朝鲜人民坚持斗争,相信必获最后胜利的文字。

六、本件应在干部和宣传工作人员中迅速详细传达,各地群众讨论中的重要情况望告。

中 央

十月二十六日

One thought on “CCP Central Committee Instructions concerning Conducting Propaganda on Current Affairs Nationwide

    Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    March 16, 2013 at 10:58 am

    […] CCP Central Committee Instructions concerning Conducting Propaganda on Current Affairs Nationwide (1950) […]

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