Provisional Regulations on the Management of Book and Periodical Publishing, Printing and Distribution Sectors

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State Administrative Council, 16 August 1952

Article 1: These Regulations are promulgated according to the provisions of Article 5, Article 41 and Article 49 of the CPPCC Common Programme.

Article 2: Book and periodical publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses as named in these Regulations, refers to enterprises having fixed premises and equipment, engaging in book and newspaper publishing, printing and distribution business.

Article 3: All book and newspaper publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses, regardless of whether they are publicly run, jointly run or privately-run, regardless of whether there is a monopoly or concurrent operations, apart from where laws and decrees provide otherwise, are to be managed according to these Regulations without exceptions.

Article 4: All publicly-run and jointly-run book and newspaper publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses shall, on the basis of a permit of the higher level to which they are subordinate (organ, group or enterprise) and a business application letter, indicating the business scope, the equipment situation (where necessary, attachments presenting business plans shall be included), and put forward a request for inspection and approval of business with their local administrative publishing organ.

Article 5: All privately-run book and periodical publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses, shall prepare a business application letter, indicating the reason for setting up, the fundraising methods, the professional scope, the equipment situation (where necessary, attachments presenting business plans shall be included), the full name and cv of the responsible persons, search two guarantees from stores, and put forward a request for inspection and approval of business with their local administrative publishing organ.

Article 6: All publicly-run, jointly-run and privately-run book and periodical publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses, after undergoing inspection and approval of business and being issued a business licence, shall apply for registration separately with the administrative industry and commerce organ on the basis of the licence.

Article 7: All book and periodical publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses, where they change their organization form, change their name, trade, merge, cease business, go out of business or change the responsible person of the enterprise or appoint business responsible persons and other matters, shall petition the administrative publishing organ for inspection and approval. The administrative publishing organ shall consult with the administrative industry and commerce organ concerning the approval of business cessation or going out of business.

Article 8: All those running book and periodical publishing businesses, shall abide by all of the following provisions:

I, they shall have a determined specialization orientation;

II, they shall set up editorial departments or specialized editorial personnel;

III, they shall regularly compile theme selection plans, editorial plans and publishing plans, and submit them to the local administrative publishing department;

IV, they shall indicate the number of their business licence on the colophon of their publications;

V, they may not print books violating the CPPCC Common Programme and government laws and decrees;

VI, they may not publish documents or tables divulging State secrets;

VII, they may not infringe other persons’ author’s and publishing rights and interests;

VIII, the publishing rights of all levels’ People’s Government legal and decree documents belongs to all levels’ People’s Publishing Houses and their authorized publishers, other publishing businesses may not publish or print them;

IX, after the publication of all sorts of books and publications, they shall submit a sample to all levels’ administrative publishing organs and the National Library, rules for this are formulated separately;

X, when starting the publication of a periodical, they shall apply for registration separately with administrative publishing departments, rules for this are formulated separately.

Article 9: All those running book and periodical printing businesses, shall abide by all of the following provisions:

I, they may not undertake the printing of all sorts of books and periodicals of which the publication is prohibited by government decree;

II, they may not undertake the printing of books and periodicals violating the CPPCC Common Programme and government laws and decrees;

III, when completing the printing of books, they shall submit one copy of every title to the local administrative publishing organ at the time of delivery.

Article 10: All those running book and periodical distribution businesses, they shall abide by all the following provisions:

I, they may not distribute all sorts of books and periodicals of which the distribution is prohibited by decree;

II, they may not distribute illegally imported foreign books and periodicals;

III, when engaging in book and periodical circulation and supply, they shall obtain permission from the local administrative publishing department.

Article 11: All those violating the provisions of Article 8 until Article 10 of these Regulations, are punished by the administrative publishing department with a warning or cancellation of their business licence. When business licences are cancelled, the local administrative industry and commerce organ shall be notified to cancel registration.

Article 12: When book and periodical publishing businesses, printing businesses and distribution businesses have one of the following circumstances, the administrative publishing organ may cancel their business licence, and notify the local administrative industry and commerce organ to cancel their registration.

I, where after business approval, it is discovered that the application matters were not true or the business scope exceeds the approved scope and circumstances are grave;

II, those writing, publishing, printing or distributing under the illegally-used name of another person;

III, where publishing businesses cease business without cause for a period exceeding six months.

Article 13: Implementation rules for these Regulations are formulated separately by the Central People’s Government General Administration of Publications.

Article 14: These Regulations are promulgated and implemented by the Central People’s Government State Administrative Council.

管理书刊出版业印刷业发行业暂行条例

(一九五二年八月十六日政务院公布)
第一条本条例依据中国人民政治协商会以共同纲领第五条、第四十一条、第四十九条之规定制定之。

第二条本条例所称书刊出版业印刷业发行业系指有固定场所及设备,经营图书、期刊的出版、印刷、发行业务之企业。

第三条凡书刊出版业印刷业发行业,不论公营、公私合营、私营,不论专营、兼营,除法令另有规定者外,一律依照本条例管理之。

第四条凡公营、公私合营之书刊出版业印刷业发行业,均应持其直属上级(机关、团体或企业)之证件及营业申请书,叙明业务范国、设备情况(必要时并应附呈营业计划书及其附件),向当地出版行政机关申请核准营业。

第五条凡私营之书刊出版业印刷业发行业,均应备具营业申请书,叙明发起缘由、集资方法、业务范围、设备情况(必要时并应附呈营业计划书及其附件)、负责人姓名、简历,觅取铺保两家,向当地出版行政机关申请核准营业。

第六条凡公营、公私合营、私营之书刊出版业印刷业发行业,经核准营业发给营业许可证后,应凭许可证另向当地工商行政机关申请登记。

第七条凡书刊出版业印刷业发行业,如有变更组织,更换牌号、转业、合并、停业,歇业及变更企业负责人或执行业务负责人等情事时,均应呈请出版行政机关核准。出版行政机关对于停业、歇业之核准,应与工商行政机关会商。

第八条凡经营书刊出版业者,应遵守下列各款规定:

一、应有确定之专业方向;

二、应设有编辑机构或专职之编辑人员;

三、应定期编制选题计划、编辑计划及出版计划,呈报当地出版行政机关;

四,应在出版物版权页上标明营业许可证号码;

五、不得印行违反中国人民政治协商会议共同纲领及政府法令之书刊;

六、不得发表泄露国家机密之文字图表;

七、不得侵害他人之著作、出版权益;

八、各级人民政府法令文件之出版权属于各级人民出版社及其授权之出版社,其他出版业不得编印或翻印;

九、每种书刊出版后,应向各级出版行政机关及国立图书馆送缴样本,其办法另订之;

十、发刊定期刊物,应向出版行政机关另行申请登记,其办法另订之。

第九条凡经营书刊印刷业者,应遵守下列各款规定:

一、不得承印政府明令禁止出版之各种书刊;

二、不得承印违反中国人民政治协商会议共同纲领及政府法今之书刊;

三、印成之书刊,应于送货时每种送缴当地出版行政机关一份。

第十条凡经营书刊发行业者,应遵守行列各款规定:

一、不得发售明令禁止发行之各种书刊;

二、不得经售非法进口之国外书刊;

三、从事书刊流动供应,应经当地出版行政机关之许可。

第十一条凡违反本条例第八条至第十条之各款规定者,由出版行政机关给予警告或撤销其营业许可证等处分。撤销许可证时,应通知当地工商行政机关撤销其登记。

第十二条书刊出版业印刷业发行业有下列情形之一时,出版行政机关得撤销其营业许可证,井通知当地工商行政机关撤销其登记。

一、经核准营业后,发觉申请事项不实或经营业务逾越核准范围而情形严重者;

二、冒用他人之著作、出版、印刷、发行名义者;

二、出版业无故停止出版超过六个月者。

第十三条本条例施行细则,由中央人民政府出版总署另订之。

第十四条本条例由中央人民政府政务院公布施行。

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