Regulations concerning Rectifying the Phenomenon of Wilful Reprinting of Books

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12 November 1953

General Administration of Publications, No. (53)CJZ270

Our Administration has repeatedly received letters from administrative publishing organs, publishers and bookstores in Henan, Hubei, Jiangxi, Jiangsu, Shandong, Guangxi and other localities, reporting that all in various localities, reporting that in all localities, organs and organizations wilfully reprint books published by publishers, infringing the copyright of publishers and writers, impeding the effective handling of publishing work and distribution planning, giving rise to confusion on editions. For example, the Henan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Forestry Agricultural Commission reprinted 200.000 copies of the book “Materials on Mutual Aid and Cooperation in Agricultural Production”, published by the North China People’s Publishing House, but the North China People’s Publishing House has already published a revised edition of the book in question, the Henan Provincial Department of Agriculture and Forestry Agricultural Commission has reprinted the old version. As another example, the CCCP  Guangxi Provincial Committee Rural Work Department reprinted the book “Agricultural Production Collectives” published by the North China People’s Publishing House, and the Xinhua Bookstore Guangxi Branch has stocked these. According to statistics, the most books are reproduced in Jiangxi. In the city of Nanchang, from the second half of 1952 until February 1953, non-publishing work units have reprinted 186 titles of books and pictures (not including internal reading materials), printing more than e million volumes and 80.000 pictures. Some reprints are completely unnecessary in fact. For example, the Nanchang Municipal Youth Committee reprinted 5.000 copies of the picture book “Eliminating Bacteriological Warfare”, Nanchang University reprinted “The Wedding of Little Erhei”, the Wuxi Municipal Textile Industry Association compiled and printed 17 “Handbooks on Factory Accounting”, with the content completely reprinted from elsewhere. We believe that this sort of phenomenon is harmful in many ways, it not only upsets publishing and distribution planning, and creates great waste, it also causes confusion on editions. This may easily engender political errors, and shall be corrected. Hereby, with the agreement of the Central People’s Government State Administration Council Culture and Education Commission, the following provisions are made:

I, No organs or organizations may themselves print unauthorized books or pictures published by publishers, in order to respect copyright and avoid waste, and facilitate the planned management and improvement of publishing and distribution.

II, All localities’ publishing houses and Xinhua bookstores shall actively and closely link up with all localities’’ organs and organizations, pay regard to timely publish and supply books needed by all organs and organizations for study. If any localities’ organs and organizations need large amounts of some books for use in internal study, they shall link up with the local Xinhua bookstore, the Xinhua bookstore is responsible for uniform adjustment, and satisfying the requirements of all organs and organizations as soon as possible.

III, If the demand of any locality’s organs and organizations of a certain book is too large, and the Xinhua bookstore has no stock or cannot timely provide supply, it is permitted to reprint them after consultation with and agreement of the original publishing work unit. If the original publishing work unit agrees with reprinting, it shall pay attention to timely provide appropriate versions, if the original book needs revision or reprinting ins inappropriate because of problems, the reasons shall be stated, and a response shall be speedily made. The original publishing work unit has the power to obtain reasonable copyright remuneration from the reprinter.

IV, Where, for all the propaganda needs of organs and organizations, books must be compiled by themselves and this sort of books must be openly distributed to society, after agreement from a certain leading organ, it is permitted to have then published uniformly by a local State-run publishing house.

V, All localities’ organs and organizations generally may not reprint publications of privately-run publishing houses, reprints must be made because of special reasons, this shall be conducted through the local administrative press and publishing organ at the same time as soliciting the agreement of the original publishing work unit.

Please notify the above provisions to relevant organs and organizations, and their subordinate publishing and distribution work units.

To: all large regional and provincial (municipal) administrative press and publications organs, the Central-level publishing houses, the Xinhua Bookstore General Store, the North China General Branch, the China Company Head Office.

关于纠正任意翻印图书现象的规定

出版总署·1953年11月12日(53)出机字第270号
我署屡次收到河南、湖北、江西、江苏、山东、广西等地出版行政机关及出版杜、书店来函,报告各地机关团体任意翻印各出版社所出的书籍,侵害出版者及著作者版权,妨碍对出版工作的有效的处理和计划发行,引起版本混乱情事。如河南省农林厅农委会翻印华北人民出版社出版的“农业生产互助合作教材”一书达二十万册,而华北人民出版社已出有该书修正版,河南省农林厅农委会则是根据旧版本翻印的。又如中共广西省委农村工作部翻印华北人民出版社出版的“农业生产合作杜”一书,而新华书店广西分店就有存书。江西省翻印最多,据统计。南昌一市从1952年下半年至1953年2月,非出版单位翻印的书籍、图片(不包括内部刊物)达186种,印一百余万册又八万张。有些翻印实在是完全不必要的。如南昌市青委翻印“消灭细菌战”连环画五千册,南昌大学翻印“小二黑结婚”,无锡市纺织业同业工会编印“工厂会计手册”十七种,内容全系转载。我们认为这种现象弊害甚多,不但打乱出版发行计划,造成很大的浪费,而且版本混乱。容易造成政治错误,应加以纠正。兹经中央人民政府政务院文化教育委员会同意,作如下规定:
一、一切机关团体不得擅自自印出版社出版的书籍、图片,以重版权,而免浪赞,并便利出版发行的有计划的管理与改进。
二、各地出版社,新华书店应主动地与各地机关团体密切联系,重视及时出版和供应各机关团体学习需要的书籍。各地机关团体如需要大量某项图书供内部学习之用,应与当地新华书店联系,由新华书店负责统一调剂,尽量满足各机关团体的需要。
三、如各地机关团体对某项图书需要量过大,新华书店无存书或不能及时供应时,可商请原出版单位同意后翻印。原出版单位如同意翻印,应注意及时地供给妥善版本,如原书需要修改或有问题不适宜翻印者,应说明理由,迅速回答。原出版单位并有权向翻印者取得合理的版权报酬。
四、各机关团体宣传需要,须自行编辑书籍而此种书籍又要向社会上公开发行者,经一定的领导机关同意后,可交由当地国营出版社境一出版。如本省没有出版社,可以商请大区国营出版社或本省报社出版。如编辑书籍在机关团体内部分发,而不向外发行,可允其自行出版。
五、各地机关团体一般不得翻印私营出版社的出版物,如因特殊需要而必须翻印者,在征求原出版单位同意时应通过所在地新闻出版行政机关进行。
以上规定,请转知有关机关团体和所属出版发行单位。
主送:各大区、省(市)新闻出版行政机关、中央级各出版社、新华书店总店、华北总分店、中国公司总处

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