Decision concerning Establishing a Film Screening Network and a Film Industry

Posted on Updated on

In order to ensure that film is suited to the requirements of our country’s economic and cultural development, give even greater rein to its function in educating the broad masses, and satisfy the masses’ daily increasing cultural requirements, the film screening undertaking must be developed in a planned and gradual manner, in order to progressively ensure that a film screening network is established on a nationwide level. Since four years, film screening work has developed rapidly, screening work units are increasing rapidly in quantity and the number of spectators rises every year, which has proven the importance of film in the cultural lives of the masses every day. But in terms of the nationwide scope, the quantity of screening work units remains low, and distribution is uneven, in many localities, the people cannot see films for a whole year, and the demand for films from the labouring masses is extremely pressing. All levels’ cultural controlling departments lack regular leadership and management over screening work. Film production and distribution work has not guaranteed film supply and rational turnover well. At the same time, it has not been able to select films according to different audience targets very well. The political quality of screening teams and screening technology has not reached the required levels. In order to strengthen film distribution and screening work in the future and steadily establish a nationwide film screening network, and to progressively establish a film industry suited to this, the following has been decided:

(1) The guiding principles for film screening undertaking development are first and foremost faced at industrial and mining regions and second faced the countryside; in small cities and the broad countryside, developing mobile screening times is the most important. annual and regional screening work unit development plans should be formulated on the basis of objective and subjective realistic conductions and the situation of unbalanced development in the various regions, and the numbers for development plans in the next four years generally fixed. development should be vigorous and steady on the basis of integrating and consolidating existing screening work units; avoid and overcome the phenomena of blind development without taking conditions into consideration and not consolidating the beginnings of development.

(2) Strengthen film screening work management, fully give rein to the effect that screening work units should have. The Central Ministry of Culture Film Department should first and foremost complete film screening management organs, realistically grasp the nationwide film screening undertaking development plan and management plan, and supervise implementation. Formulate technological rules and raise screening quality. All provincial (municipal) People’s Government culture controlling departments should strengthen and establish special organs or special personnel for film screening management and formulate development plans and management plans for the screening undertaking in the entire region on the basis of concrete local conditions. Provincial cultural controlling departments should stress management of mobile screening team work in the whole region; plan the regions for screening team activities, respectively hand matters over to prefecture or county cultural controlling departments for direct leadership on the basis of concrete circumstances, formulate screening team work days and work systems, regularly inspect and guide screening teams’ work; regularly organize training for screening personnel, and let districts or counties strengthen their regular political and ideological education. City cultural controlling departments should stress cinema management work.

In order to guarantee the repair and supply of parts of projectors, all six administrative areas shall establish repair plants, all provinces shall establish repair stations, to timely repair projectors or provide spare parts.

Screening work units in the labour union system shall be managed by themselves by special organs established by all levels’ labour unions, but their development plans, management plans, etc., shall conform to the uniform provisions of the government culture controlling department’s film screening management organs. Screening work units in the army system are led by the People’s Liberation Army General Political Department.

(3) Strengthen and improve film distribution work, under the system of China Group Film Distribution Co., complete and improve all provincial distribution organ, in order to suit the needs of film screening undertaking development, guarantee the timely provision of necessary films to screening teams and cinemas; select films on the basis of different target audiences and especially screening programmes for peasants must be easy to understand; strengthen the extent of planning in film distribution, strengthen film management, protection and inspection systems, strengthen film circulation, fully give rein to the use value of every copy. Strengthen propaganda and explanation work around film content, and film propaganda materials should especially timely be supplied to rural screening teams.

(4) Film screening teams should progressively realize enterprise management, and must achieve a decrease in State subsidies year after year; but in border regions, ethnic minority regions and some regions with few people and little land, where communication is inconvenient, advance must take place steadily, on the basis of real conditions, avoid acting with undue haste. Film distribution organs and State-run cinemas must completely implement enterprise transformation, improve business management systems, and must hereafter not only be self-sufficient, but also gradually achieve profit and turning this over to higher authorities.

(5) In order to supply projectors needed to develop the film screening undertaking, progressively unify nationwide projector specifications, so as to raise the quality of screening technology and ensure the complete self-sufficiency of film projectors in the future, a film projector production must be established. Within two years, the expansion and reconstruction work of the two existing projector production plants should be completed, enabling the production of the newest large-scale and small-scale projectors, it is provided that the highest annual output of large-scale projectors is 280 and of small-scale projectors is 2500, and the relevant industrial departments cooperate in the production of generators, amplifiers and other main auxiliary equipment needed by production teams.

(6) In order to supply large amounts of copies needed by film screening work units, the present manual film development method must be changed into machine development, a modern film development plant should be completed within two to three years, to ensure that annual film development capacity meets nationwide demand.

(7) In order to ensure self-sufficiency for film tape and guarantee film production, the preparation and establishment of a film tape production plant must be stressed, strive to complete this and being production within five years, first and foremost, produce black-and-white film for use in large-quantity copy development, progressively increase production, afterwards, produce all sorts of film tapes and film boards, black and white, and colour. To this end, the Central higher education department and relevant industrial developments should assist the Central Cultural Ministry Film Bureau in supplementing and fostering machinery needed by the film industry and technological personnel in the chemical engineering area.

(8) According to the development requirements of the film screening undertaking, screening personnel should be trained in a planned manner, and special attention should be paid to attracting large numbers of educated youths from the worker and peasant elements. All administrative areas, and provinces and cities meeting conditions should organize training classes for screening personnel in a planned manner; film schools shall be responsible for fostering sufficient teachers to undertake this training work. Furthermore, existing screening personnel should also be trained, ensuring that they become excellent screeners, skilled in technology and devoted to their duty, and are propaganda staff having certain political levels.

 

政务院关于建立电影放映网与电影工业的决定

为使电影适应我国经济和文化建设的需要,更大地发挥其对广大人民的教育作用,满足群众日益增长的文化要求,必须有计划、有步骤地发展电影放映事业,以逐渐达到在全国范围内建立电影放映网。四年来电影放映工作已有迅速发展,放映单位数量激增,观众人数逐年上涨,日益证明了电影在群众文化生活中的重要性。但就全国范围说,放映单位数量尚少,且分布不平衡,很多地方人民终年看不到电影,劳动群众对电影的要求非常迫切。各级文化主管部门对放映工作缺乏经常的领导和管理。影片的制作和发行工作未能很好地保证影片供应和合理周转。同时又未能很好地按照不同观众对象选择影片。放映队员的政治质量和放映技术未能达到应有的水平。为加强今后电影的发行和放映工作,稳步地建立全国电影放映网,并与此相适应地逐步建立电影工业,特作如下决定:
(一)电影放映事业发展的方针是首先面向工矿地区,然后面向农村;在小城市和广大农村,则以发展流动放映队为主。应切实根据主客观条件,各地发展不平街的状况,制定全年的、分区的放映单位发展计划,并大体定出今后四年发展计划的数字。应在整理和巩固现有放映单位的基础上积极地、稳步地发展;避免和克服不顾条件盲目发展及发展起来不加巩固的现象。
(二)加强电影放映工作的管理,充分发挥放映单位应有的效能。中央文化部电影局首先应健全电影放映管理机构,切实掌握全国电影放映事业发展计划和经营计划并监督执行。制定技术规程,提高放映质量。各省(市)人民政府文化主管部门应加强和建立电影放映管理的专门机构或专门人员,按照当地的具体情况,定出全区放映事业的发展计划和经营计划。省文化主管部门应着重管理全区流动放映队的工作;划定放映队的活动地区,根据具体情况分别交由专区或县文化主管部门直接领导,制订放映队的工作日和工作制度,经常检查并指导放映队的工作;定期举办放映员的培训,并由专区或县对其加强经常的政治思想教育。市文化主管部门应着重管理影院的工作。
为保证放映机器的修理和配件供应,各大行政区应成立修配厂,各省应成立修理站,及时进行放映机器的修理及零件修配工作。
工会系统放映单位应由各级工会成立专业机构自行管理,但其发展计划、经管计划等,则应符合政府文化主管部门电影放映管理机构的统一规定。部队系统的放映单位,由人民解放军总政治部领导。
(三)加强并改进影片的发行工作,在中团电影发行公司系统下,健全和改进各省的发行机构,以适应电影放映事业发展的需要;保证及时供应各地放映队和电影院以必需的影片;依据不同观众对象选择影片,特别对农民的放映节目必须通俗易懂;加强影片发行的计划性,加强影片的管理、保护和检查制度,加强影片流转,充分发挥每一拷贝的使用价值。加强对影片内容的宣传解释工作,特别应及时供应农村放映队以合适的电影宣传资料。
(四)电影放映队应逐步实行企业经管,并须做到逐年减少国家补贴;但在边疆、少数民族地区和某些地瘠人稀交通不便的地区必须根据实际情况稳步前进,避免操之过急。影片发行机构、国营影院必须全部实行企业化,改善经营管理制度,今后不但要能自给自足,而且在逐渐做到有盈余上缴。
(五)为供应发展放映事业所需要的放映机,逐步统一全国放映机的规格,藉以提高放映技术的质量并达到今后放映机的全部自给,必须建立放映机器制造工业。在两年内应完成现有两个放映机制造厂的扩大和修建工作,使能生产最新型的大型及小型放映机,规定最高年产量为大型的二八○台和小型的二五○○台,并由有关工业部门配合生产为放映队所需的发电机、扩音装置等主要附属机件。
(六)为供应放映单位所需要的大量拷贝,必须改变目前手工洗印影片的方式为机器洗印,应在两、三年内建成一个现代化的影片洗印工厂,达到每年洗印影片能供应全国需要。
(七)为达到电影胶片自给,保证影片生产,必须着手准备建立电影胶片制造工厂,争取在五年内建成并开始生产,首先制造为供给洗印大量拷贝之用的黑白正片,逐步增加生产,而后制造黑白、彩色的各种胶片和胶板。为此,中央高等教育部及有关工业部门应协助中央文化部电影局补充和培养电影工业所需要的机械和化工方面的技术人员。
(八)按照电影放映事业的发展需要,应有计划地训练放映人员,并应特别注意大量吸收工农成分的知识青年参加。各大行政区或具有条件的省、市,均应有计划地举办放映人员训练班;电影学校应负责培养足以担任此项训练工作的师资。此外,并应培训现有放映人员,使他们成为技术熟练、忠于职守的优秀放映员,又是具有一定政治水平的宣传员。

One thought on “Decision concerning Establishing a Film Screening Network and a Film Industry

    Latest updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    February 9, 2013 at 10:39 am

    […] Decision concerning Establishing a Film Screening Network and a Film Industry (1954) […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s