Decision Concerning Dealing with Illegal Books and Magazines
(Promulgated by the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on 8 November 1955)
The Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress discussed in its 21st meeting and 23rd meeting about the Provisional Books and Magazines Examination Regulations (Draft) put forward by State Council Premier Zhou Enlai, and thinks that all books and magazines in one of the following situations, are illegal: (1) those violating the people’s democratic dictatorship, violating the government’s present policies, laws and decrees; (2) those inciting discrimination or oppression against ethnicities or races, destroying the unity of all domestic ethnicities; (3) those obstructing diplomatic relations, violating world peace, propagating imperialist wars of aggression; (4) those divulging State secrets; (5) those propagating theft, obscenity, murder, arson and other criminal activities, damaging the people’s physical health, corrupting social morals and destroying public order; (6) others violating the Constitution, laws and decrees. All levels’ controlling authorities, after examination and verification, may present these for review and approval to the State Council, provincial or municipal People’s Committees or Autonomous Region’s autonomous organs, according to the illegal circumstances of these books and magazines, and respectively deal with them through ceasing publication, ceasing sale, ceasing rental or confiscation. Booksellers and bookstores selling or renting the above illegal books and magazines, with difficulties in life, may be dealt with through the means of purchasing or exchange. The provided Books and Magazines Examination Regulations will not be formulated for the time being.