CCP Central Committee Decision Concerning Present Newspaper and Periodical News and Propaganda Policies

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All provincial, municipal and autonomous region Party Committees, all large military region, provincial military region and field army Party Committees, all Central ministries and commissions, all Party groups in all State organ ministries and commissions, all headquarters of the Military Commission, all military branch Party Committees, all Party Committees in people’s organizations:

The Central Committee has decided, based on the basis of the preliminary achievements made in the two recent years of implementing the policy of adjustment, reform, rectification and improvement, to conduct further economic adjustment, and further realize political stability. This is a further implementation of the Third Plenum’s guiding ideology of seeking truth from facts and correcting “leftist” errors, and is a major policy decision in guaranteeing the smooth construction of Socialist modernization. In order to complete this formidable task, ideological and political work must be strengthened, making the entire Party, the entire Army and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country closely unite around the Party Centre, with one heart and one mind, work diligently in spite of all difficulties, and resolutely implement the Party line, principles and policies.

Periodicals, news, radio and television are important weapons for our Party’s conduct of ideological and political work. In recent years, we have implemented the policy of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend, and have done great amounts of work in aspects such as propagating Marxism, propagating the Party’s ideological line, political line, organizational line, liberating thoughts, bringing order out of chaos, etc., and have achieved clear results, which are great contributions to the Party’s cause. But a number of grave flaws also exist. These mainly are: there is no vigorous and active, regular and systematic propaganda of the Four Cardinal Principles that both assumes to be on the correct side and is persuasive as well, and there has been no forceful struggle against a number ideologies and discussions opposing the Four Cardinal Principles; in a number of issues, the Party’s pace is not in harmony; some news reports and theoretical or policy propaganda are one-sided; a small number of reports is inaccurate. At the same time, in leadership work, earnest discussion is lacking concerning a number of ideological principle issues, and there is not persistent development of criticism and self-criticism. It seems as though criticism violated the principle of the “Two Hundreds”, this sort of erroneous viewpoints has not yet been corrected with a part of comrades. The above flaws are being progressively rectified. In order to adapt to the requirements of further realizing economic reform and political stability as soon as possible, the Centre believes that centralized and unified leadership should be strengthened over periodicals, news, radio and television, making them able to realistically persist in Party spirit and principles, closely relate to the masses, carry forward a desirable trend of seeking truth from facts, showing one’s true colours, being realistic and accurate, vivid and vigorous, achieving great results for further realizing economic adjustment and political stability.

I, Periodicals, news, radio and television, must strictly conduct propaganda according to the Party line, principles and policies from the Third Plenum of the 11th Party Congress onwards. In the present and future periods, the most important task is that they must firmly safeguard and develop a stable and united political situation, and guarantee the smooth further adjustment of the national economy. They must continue to liberate thoughts, and stress the guiding ideology of criticizing the “Left” in economic work. They must strictly prevent the error of using criticism of the “Left” as a pretext for denying the basic tenets of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought and the Socialist system, and blotting out the huge achievements made in the 31 years since the country’s founding. They must closely relate to reality, and with rich and varied means, vigorously and vividly propagate the Party line, principles and policies, and the Party’s work, raising the people’s understanding of Socialism and their confidence in realizing the cause of modernization construction from all angles, and inspiring a revolutionary spirit. They must through patient explanation and elaboration, conduct education on all kinds of discussion doubting or misconstruing the Party line, principles and policies. As for discussions and actions openly resisting or opposing the Party line, principles and policies, they must separate circumstances, and firmly conduct strict and reasonable struggle on suitable occasions and in suitable ways.

Periodicals, news, radio and television must resolutely implement the principle of the “Two Hundreds”. The “Two Hundreds” principles cannot be understood as cancelling out the Four Cardinal Principles, cancelling out the Party’s Leadership, and cancelling out criticism and self-criticism. Otherwise, it would be possible to confuse the proletariat’s “Two Hundred” principle with capitalist liberalization. Periodicals and radio stations should launch vivid and realistic discussion related to correctly understanding and implementing all Party principles and policies, under Party leadership. This is beneficial to conducting deep propaganda and education for cadres and the masses. But, this sort of discussion must not become an open debate about the right or wrong of the Party’s basic principles and basic policies, in order to avoid ideological chaos being created among the masses. As for principle or policy questions on which the Centre has not yet made decisions or certain major political theoretical problems, in order to obtain all sorts of opinions, with the agreement of the Centre, these may be openly discussed in periodicals. For this sort of discussion, preparations must be made to come to a conclusion within a certain period of time, in order to prevent cadres and the masses are uncertain what to do, and all go their own way. Otherwise, it should not be openly discussed. Propaganda must be fully cautious of, and must objectively and completely reflect situations in case of policies and important measures that are in the process of experimentation, and may not make hasty judgements. Reports of special policies in special reasons must be explained. On radio and television, vivid and lively discussions that can be concluded on the spot shall generally be broadcast, and the newspaper-like method of continuing discussion should not be adopted.

II, Periodicals, news, radio and television must earnestly conduct propaganda concerning persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles. The core of persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles is persisting in Party leadership. This is key in whether or not the Four Modernizations can be realized, and is key in deciding the success and failure of economic adjustment. Propaganda of the Four Cardinal Principles must start from the real and ideological situation of the masses, the largest efforts are to be made to make sure this propaganda is truly persuasive. Ideologies and discussion doubting or slandering the Four Cardinal Principles may not be ignored or condoned, and it is even less permitted to use the Party’s propaganda tools to disseminate these, but forceful rebuttals should be made. Persisting in the Party’s leadership and improving the Party’s leadership must be earnestly propagated. Clarify the relationship between liberating thoughts, promoting democracy and strengthening Party leadership. Periodicals, news, radio and television workers must persist in the Party spirit and strengthen the Party spirit. The Party spirit is the highest reflection of the proletariats’ class nature. Comrade Mao Zedong once said: “All of a Communist’s discussion and action must have according with the largest benefit to the largest popular masses, and supporting the largest popular masses as the highest standards.” Only a Communist armed with Marxist ideology and revolutionary discipline is able to reach these standards, otherwise it’s impossible. The requirements of the Party spirit may absolutely never be reduced to the level of the common masses. If the party cannot rise to a leading position in the popular masses, then the Party has no meaning to its existence. Periodicals, news, radio and television cannot permit the dissemination of ideologies and discussions shaking and damaging our Party’s and Party Centre’s prestige, and must oppose the wrong attitude of using the mistakes that the Party Centre has once made as an excuse to refuse to obey the correct orientation of the Party Centre today. As for tendencies to weaken, cast off, cancel or oppose the Party’s leadership in any way, they must distinguish different circumstances, and conduct open or internal criticism, education and the necessary struggle. They shall integrate the present reality and make unremitting efforts to conduct vivid and forceful propaganda of the basic points of view of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong thought. They must conduct criticism with full argumentation that can realistically persuade the masses of those fallaciously attacking the basic points of view of Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought. This is one of the basic tasks of ideological and political programmes in periodicals or on broadcast. Respect for the revolutionary order and revolutionary discipline must be propagated, and it must be propagated that individual interest, departmental interests or temporary interests must be submitted to the long-term basic interest of the whole society,  persist and strengthen the people’s democratic dictatorship. It must be clearly understood that, although class contradictions are not the main contradictions in our country’s society anymore, class struggle truly still exists, and it should not be looked down upon. The inseparable relationship between carrying forward Socialist democracy and strengthening the Socialist legal system must be propagated. It must be propagated to firmly attack all sorts of forces destroying stability and unity (including all aspects of politics, economics and society), and firmly criticize all sorts of ideological trends destroying stability and unity. The necessity and righteousness of conducting dictatorship against counterrevolutionaries and criminals gravely harming social order must be forcefully propagated. The extremely important function of the People’s Liberation Army and the Public Security and judiciary departments in guaranteeing the people’s interest must be propagated, calling the people and youth to vigorously support this struggle, and pay attention to safeguarding their dignity and honour, and not to openly criticize them without proper necessity. This is where the basic interest of the State and the people s, and it may not be regarded a unimportant. Attention must be paid to using appropriate methods to expose political rumours and discussions that incite feudal superstitions that confuse and poison people’s minds.

III, Periodicals, news, radio and television must propagate the construction of a high-level Socialist spiritual civilization on a grand scale. Without this sort of spiritual civilization, Socialism cannot be constructed. Communist ideals and morals must be forcefully propagated; a patriotic ideal to do everything to strengthen the country must be propagated, strengthening the nation’s self-respect and self-confidence; propagate the ideal of unity between the Party and the masses, the unity between army and the people, and the unity between the people of all ethnicities in the entire country; propagate revolutionary heroism of first, not fearing suffering and second, not fearing death, and that all work must be intensely conducted in every station with a scientific spirit, oppose fear of difficulties and craven fear of death; they must constantly be on guard against war and danger, and make being part of the People’s Liberation Army and defending the Motherland into an unsurpassed honour. The fine tradition of closely relating to the masses, sharing joy and sorrow, and conquering adversity must be propagated, and cadres educated to be emphatic towards the hardship of the masses, and strive to resolve their real difficulties. Matters that cannot yet be realized for the moment ay certainly not be openly promised, and it is even more impossible to wittingly or unwittingly induce and encourage the people to demand resolution, in order to avoid people’s dissatisfaction with the government, or even the occurrence of disturbances. Problems that can only be resolved progressively, must be propagated less, or not be propagated at all, in order to avoid putting the Party and Government at a disadvantage. They must continue to criticize and oppose all sorts of remaining influence of feudalism in ideological and political aspects inside and outside of the Party, and resist the corrosion by degenerate capitalist ideology. It is necessary to criticize and oppose anarchism, individualism and capitalist liberalization tendencies. The principle of persuasion must be firmly implemented against ideological problems within cadres and the masses. Persist in bringing facts, speaking of reason, serving the people with reasoning, and not doing things in a roughshod manner, or cause blockage and suppression. If a certain ideological trend has already formed an organized destructive force that persists in regarding Socialism with hostility or regarding the Party’s leadership with hostility, it must be “blocked and suppressed” according to the law, and no person may support it in any way.

IV, Periodicals, news, radio and television must correctly deal with the relationship between praise and criticism. They must persist in the principle of mainly praising. Regardless of whether it concerns praise or criticism, they must seek truth from facts, be true and reliable, and may certainly not gossip, stoop to trickery, exaggerate and be inaccurate. The danger of untrue “praise” for the Party, relevant work units and relevant individuals is extremely large, and must be firmly opposed and prevented. Not only must they praise good people and good deeds of hard work and plain living, and being honest in performing original duties, they must give even more attention to propagate good people and good deeds of relying on the people and conquering adversity, reforming old habits and creating new situations, new undertakings, new methods and new atmospheres, and make the people gain education and interests.

In recent years, many newspapers and periodicals have given high regard to reflecting the masses’ opinions and voices, and have vigorously launched criticism and self-criticism, which has strengthened the relationship between the Party and the people, and has raised the reputation of the newspaper and the Party. Hereafter, they must still persist in doing this. All levels’ Party Committees must be good at utilizing periodicals to launch criticism and promote work. The quality of the Party’s work style relates to the Party’s life and death. It is necessary to continue to integrate reality, propagate and implement the “Some Criteria Concerning Inner-Party Political Life”. It is necessary to persist in conducting criticism and struggle against incorrect tendencies. It is necessary first and foremost to oppose a sort of incorrect tendency that resists the Party line, principles and policies since the 3rd Plenum or those going their own way but feigning compliance. Naturally, it is also necessary to criticize and correct bureaucratism and life privileges, but this sort of criticism must be conducted under the leadership of the Party. It is necessary to pay attention to methods and opportunities, pay attention to the difference between internal and external, persist in being well disposed towards people and curing the sickness while saving the patient. Criticism must choose typical examples, criticism by name must be discreet. Facts must certainly be clearly checked. It is necessary to hear the opinion from the relevant Party department and the opinion of the criticized person in advance. The influence of criticism by name in newspapers is much larger than that of praise, therefore, quantities must be controlled to some extent, radio and television must be even more cautious.

V, Literary  and art works or reviews in periodicals, literary and art programmes on radio and television have a major social influence. They must certainly persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, correctly implement the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend. They must stress that serving the people, is first serving labourers, peasants and soldiers, and serving the Four Modernizations. They must correctly understand and reflect the new era in which we are, and stimulate the entire Party, the entire Army and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country to undertake the grand cause of the Four Modernizations with one heart and one mind. They must enthusiastically extol new Socialist persons and pioneers of the Four Modernizations. The objective of exposing and criticizing the dark side of things is to correct them, and they must have a correct position and point of view, making people strengthen their confidence and strength, and preventing negative influences. Works concerning errors of anti-Rightists, and anti-rightist opportunism or exposing the decade of chaos, these have already been published in some quantity, these works generally are beneficial, and the absolute majority of writes  that write these works start from a sense of responsibility to history and to the People, and from revolutionary enthusiasm. It must be pointed out to the literary and art world, that hereafter, these sorts of themes may naturally still be written, but if they are published in overly large numbers, they may bring about a certain negative influence, and this also is an objective fact, and it is hoped that they are able to understand this point. They must, under the leadership of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, strengthen cultural review work, and criticism that seeks truth from facts must be conducted against works advocating wrong ideological trends. A number of people use literature and art to deny the Four Cardinal Principles, and enter into rivalry with the Party line, principles and policies, they must be firmly resisted and opposed. The vigour of literature and art workers’ concern for national political life and social life must be guided to the correct track for constructing Socialism.

VI, Periodicals, news, radio and television are public opinion organs, and must strengthen organizational discipline. They must unconditionally preserve political unity with the Centre, and are not permitted to publish discussions contradicting the Party line, principles and policies. They must accept and submit to Party leadership, all theoretical questions relating to the Party line, principles and policies as well as major politics, must be unified with the decisions and line of the Party Centre externally, must keep in step with the Party, and it is prohibited for each to go his own way. If there are opinions diverging from the Party line, principles and policies and Party Committee decisions, they may be put forward wit the higher-level Party Committee, right up to the Centre, and some may also be explored in internal Party periodicals., but where the higher-level has not yet changed the relevant decision, it may not be openly published, and it is even more impossible to write a different set of opinions that propagate the contrary of the Party’s basic position. Within Party public opinion organs such as periodicals, news, radio, television, etc., centralization and unification must equally be strengthened, it cannot be that each does things in his own way. It is necessary to realistically study and realistically improve study styles and literary styles, persist in the fine traditions of theory closely relating with reality, seek truth from facts, and overall starting from the real situation, it is necessary to establish the necessary strict responsibility systems. Party and Youth League members engaging in periodicals, news, radio and television work must be propaganda models of the Party line, principles and policies, and persist in the principle of the Party spirit, be a model for considering the larger picture, and a model for respecting Party discipline and safeguarding Party unity, and a model for deeply going into reality and relating to the masses. Periodicals, news, radio and television systems’ Party organizations should truly take up a function as the Party’s fighting fortress.

All levels’ Party Committees must strengthen and improve leadership over periodicals, news, radio and television work. They must adjust and enrich periodicals, news, and radio and television teams, strive to raise their Marxist theory level and level of consciousness in propagating the Party line, principles and policies. They must vigorously improve their work conditions, help them to summarize experiences and improve work, to the best of their ability give rein to their initiative, vigour and creativity.

The Centre believes that all comrades at the periodicals, news, radio and television battle front can certainly further firmly implement principles decided by the Centre, carry their achievements forward, correct flaws, and making their own work serious and conscientious, and also vivid and vigorous, making even larger contributions to the Party’s cause.

VII, This decision shall be transmitted together with all documents of the Centre’s work meeting of December 1980, and especially the speech of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, for implementation. During transmission and implementation, the emphasis must be to explain that these principles are the continuation of all principles from since the 3rd Plenum. It is necessary to realistically prevent and correct that sort of wrong point of view of separating the spirit of the December work meeting and this Decision, contrast them to each other, and believe that they change or revise the spirit of the 3rd Plenum. There are a number of comrades misunderstanding the spirit of the 3rd Plenum, they show this sort of wrong point of view and don’t find this strange. But their error must be pointed out, and they are not permitted to continue to disseminate their own wrong point of view. This is a uniform understanding of the whole Party, and causes the entire Party’s ideology workers and the Centre to preserve political unity in the face of major problems, and it is hoped that all the comrades of all relevant departments pay special attention to this when transmitting and implementing this Decision.

Central Committee

29 January 1980

中共中央关于当前报刊新闻广播宣传方针的决定

各省、市、自治区党委,各大军区、省军区、野战军党委,中央各部委,国家机关各部委党组,军委各总部、各军兵种党委,各人民团体党组:
中央已经决定,在近两年实行调整、改革、整顿、提高方针取得初步成就的基础上,对经济实行进一步的调整,在政治上实现进一步的安定。这是三中全会实事求是、纠正“左”倾错误的指导思想的进一步贯彻,是保证社会主义现代化建设顺利进行的重大决策。为了完成这一艰巨任务,必须加强思想政治工作,使全党、全军和全国各族人民紧密地团结在党中央的周围,同心同德,艰苦奋斗,坚定不移地贯彻执行党的路线、方针和政策。
报刊、新闻、广播、电视是我们党进行思想政治工作的重要武器。近几年来,它们执行百花齐放、百家争鸣的方针,在宣传马克思主义,宣传党的思想路线、政治路线、组织路线,解放思想、拨乱反正等方面,做了大量的工作,取得了显著的成绩,对党的事业有很大的贡献。但是也存在一些严重缺点。主要是:没有积极主动、理直气壮而又有说服力地、经常和有系统地宣传四项基本原则,对一些反对四项基本原则的思想和言论没有进行有力的斗争;在有的问题上与党的步调不够合拍;有的新闻报道和理论、政策宣传有片面性;有少数报道失实。同时,在领导工作中,对一些思想原则问题,缺乏认真讨论,没有坚持展开批评和自我批评。批评似乎就是违反“双百”方针,这种错误观点在一部分同志中还没有得到纠正。以上缺点正在逐步改正。为了尽快适应进一步实现经济调整、政治安定的需要,中央认为,对报刊、新闻、广播、电视的工作,应该加强集中统一的领导,使它们能够切实坚持党性原则,密切联系群众,发扬实事求是、旗帜鲜明、真实准确、生动活泼的优良作风,为进一步实现经济调整和政治安定做出更大的成绩。
一、报刊、新闻、广播、电视,必须严格按照十一届三中全会以来党的路线、方针、政策进行宣传。当前和今后一个时期,最主要的任务就是要坚决维护和发展安定团结的政治局面,保证国民经济进一步调整的顺利进行。要继续解放思想,着重批评经济工作中的“左”的指导思想。要严格防止借口批“左”的错误而否定马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想的基本原理和社会主义制度,抹杀建国三十一年来的巨大成就。要紧密联系实际,用丰富多彩的形式,积极地、生动地宣传党的路线、方针、政策和党的工作,从各方面提高人民的社会主义觉悟和对于现代化建设事业的信心,振奋革命精神。对于各种怀疑、曲解党的路线、方针、政策的言论,要通过耐心细致的解释、阐述进行教育。对于公开抵制和反对党的路线、方针、政策的言论和行动,要分别情况,在适当场合、用适当方式坚决进行严肃的、说理的斗争。
报刊、新闻、广播、电视要坚定不移地贯彻执行“双百”方针。不能把“双百”方针理解为取消四项基本原则,取消党的领导,取消批评和自我批评。否则,就会把无产阶级的“双百”方针,混同于资产阶级的自由化。报刊、广播应该在党的领导下,开展有关正确理解和贯彻执行党的各项方针、政策的生动切实的讨论。这对于向干部群众进行深入的宣传教育是有益的。但是,这种讨论不应成为公开辩论党的基本方针、基本政策的是非,以免在群众中造成思想混乱。对于中央尚未作出决定的方针政策性问题或某些重大政治性的理论问题,为了听取各种意见,经中央同意,可以在报刊上公开讨论。这种讨论,必须准备在一定时间内作出结论,以免使干部群众无所适从,各行其是。否则,不应公开讨论。对于正在试验中的政策和重要措施,宣传要十分慎重,要客观全面地反映情况,不要匆忙下论断。报道特殊地区的特殊政策,要加以说明。在广播、电视中,一般应播放当场结束但是生动活泼的讨论,不宜采取报刊那样的连续讨论办法。
二、报刊、新闻、广播、电视要认真进行关于坚持四项基本原则的宣传。坚持四项基本原则的核心是坚持党的领导。这是四个现代化能否实现的关键,也是决定经济调整成败的关键。宣传四项基本原则,要从群众的实际思想情况出发,尽最大努力使这种宣传真正具有说服力。对怀疑、诋毁四项基本原则的思想和言论,不能放任、容忍,更不允许利用党的宣传工具加以散布,而必须进行有力的批驳。要认真宣传坚持党的领导和改善党的领导。阐明解放思想、发扬民主同加强党的领导的关系。报刊、新闻、广播、电视工作者必须坚持党性,增强党性。党性是无产阶级阶级性的最高表现。毛泽东同志说过,“共产党人的一切言论行动,必须以合乎最广大人民群众的最大利益,为最广大人民群众所拥护为最高标准。”只有以马克思主义思想和革命纪律武装起来的共产党人才能达到这种标准,否则是不可能的。决不能把党性要求降低到一般群众的水平。党如不能在人民群众中起领导作用,党就没有存在的意义。报刊、新闻、广播、电视不能允许散布动摇、损害我们党和党中央威信的思想和言论,必须反对那种把过去党中央曾经犯过错误作为拒绝服从今天党中央的正确领导的借口的错误态度。对于任何企图削弱、摆脱、取消、反对党的领导的倾向,必须区别不同情况,公开或在内部进行批评、教育以至必要的斗争。对于马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想的基本观点,应当结合当前的实际情况,持久不懈地进行生动有力的宣传。对于那些攻击马列主义、毛泽东思想基本观点的谬论,要进行有充分论据、确实能够说服群众的批判。这是报刊和广播的思想政治节目的基本任务之一。要宣传遵守革命秩序和革命纪律,宣传个人利益、局部利益、暂时利益必须服从社会整体的长远的根本利益,坚持和加强人民民主专政。要明确认识阶级矛盾虽已不是我国社会的主要矛盾,但阶级斗争确实仍然存在,决不可小看。要宣传发扬社会主义民主和加强社会主义法制不可分割的关系。要宣传坚决打击各种破坏安定团结的势力(包括政治的、经济的、社会的各方面),坚决批判各种破坏安定团结的思潮。要大力宣传对反革命分子和严重危害社会秩序的刑事犯罪分子实行专政的必要性和正义性。要宣传人民解放军和公安司法部门对保障人民利益的极其重要的作用,号召人民和青年积极支援他们的斗争,注意维护他们的尊严和荣誉,非确有必要不宜对他们进行公开的批评。这是国家和人民的根本利益所在,不可等闲视之。要注意用恰当的方式揭露政治谣言和煽动封建迷信等蛊惑人心的言论。
三、报刊、新闻、广播、电视要大张旗鼓地宣传建设社会主义的高度精神文明。没有这种精神文明,不能建设社会主义。要大力宣传共产主义的理想和道德;宣传奋发图强的爱国主义思想,增强民族自尊心、自信心;宣传党群团结、军民团结、全国各族人民大团结的思想;宣传发扬一不怕苦、二不怕死的革命英雄主义,在任何岗位上都要用科学态度紧张地进行一切工作,反对害怕困难和贪生怕死;要时刻警惕战争危险,以参加人民解放军,保卫祖国为无上光荣。要宣传密切联系群众、同甘共苦、克服困难的优良传统,教育干部关心群众疾苦,努力解决他们的实际困难。对暂时还做不到的事,绝不要公开许愿,更不能有意无意地诱发和鼓动人民去要求解决,以免造成人民对政府的不满,甚至发生闹事。只能逐步地解决的问题,要多做少宣传,或者只做不宣传,以免给党和政府造成被动。要继续批判和反对封建主义在党内外思想政治方面的种种残余影响,抵制资产阶级腐朽思想的侵蚀。要批判和反对无政府主义、个人主义和资产阶级自由化倾向。对于干部和群众中的思想问题,要坚持实行疏导的方针。坚持摆事实,讲道理,以理服人,不能简单粗暴、堵塞压制。如某种思潮已形成一种坚持敌视社会主义、敌视党的领导的有组织的破坏力量,就必须依法加以“堵塞压制”,任何人不得给予任何方式的支持。
四、报刊、新闻、广播、电视要正确处理表扬和批评的关系。要坚持以表扬为主的方针。不论表扬和批评,必须实事求是,真实可靠,决不能道听途说,弄虚作假,浮夸失实。不真实的“表扬”,对党和有关单位、有关个人造成的危害极大,务必坚决反对和防止。不仅要表扬艰苦朴素、廉洁奉公的好人好事,更要注意宣传依靠群众,克服困难,改革旧习,创造新局面、新事业、新方法、新风气并使群众得到教育和利益的好人好事。
近年来,许多报纸刊物重视反映群众的意见和呼声,积极地开展批评和自我批评,增强了党和人民群众的联系,也提高了报刊和党的声誉。今后还要坚持这样做。各级党委要善于运用报刊开展批评,推动工作。党风的好坏,关系着党的生死存亡。要继续结合实际,宣传贯彻《关于党内政治生活的若干准则》。对于不正之风,要坚持进行批评斗争。首先要反对的是对三中全会以来党的路线、方针、政策进行抵制或另搞一套、阳奉阴违这样一种不正之风。当然,对官僚主义和生活特殊化的批评和纠正也是必要的,但是这种批评,必须在党的领导下进行。要注意方法和时机,要注意内外有别,坚持与人为善、治病救人。批评要选择典型事例,点名批评要慎重。事实一定要核对清楚。要事先听取党的有关部门的意见和被批评者本人的意见。在报刊点名批评比表扬的影响大得多,所以数量要有所控制,广播和电视则更要慎重。
五、报刊的文艺作品或评论,广播、电视的文艺节目,有重大的社会影响。一定要坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向,正确贯彻执行百花齐放、百家争鸣的方针。要强调为广大人民、首先是为工农兵服务,为四化建设服务。要正确认识和反映我们所处的新时代,促进全党、全军和全国各族人民同心同德搞四化的伟大事业。要热情歌颂社会主义新人、四化的创业者。揭露和批判阴暗面,目的是为了纠正,要有正确的立场和观点,使人们增强信心和力量,防止消极影响。关于反右派、反右倾机会主义的错误和十年动乱的揭露性作品,几年来已经发表不少,这些作品总的说来是有益的,绝大多数作家写这些作品也是出于对历史对人民的责任感,出于革命的热情。需要向文艺界指出,今后这些题材当然还可以写,但发表过多,会产生一定的消极影响,这也是客观事实,希望他们能够认识到这一点。要在马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想指导下,加强文艺评论工作,对鼓吹错误思潮的作品要进行实事求是的批评。要坚决防止和反对某些人利用文艺否定四项基本原则,问党的路线、方针、政策唱对台戏。要把文艺工作者关心国家政治生活和社会生活的积极性,引导到建设社会主义的正确轨道上来。
六、报刊、新闻、广播、电视是党的舆论机关,要加强组织纪律性。必须无条件地同中央保持政治上的一致,不允许发表与中央路线、方针、政策相违背的言论。必须接受和服从党的领导,凡是涉及党的路线、方针、政策以及重大政治性的理论问题,对外必须统一于党中央的决定和口径,与党的步调一致,不得各行其是。对党的路线、方针、政策和党委的决定如有不同意见,可以向上级党委直至中央提出,有的也可以在党内刊物上探讨,但是在上级没有改变有关决定前不得公开发表,更不能另搞一套,宣传同党的基本主张相反的意见。在报刊、新闻、广播、电视等党的舆论机关内部,同样要加强集中统一,不能各自为政。要切实改进学风文风,坚持理论密切联系实际,实事求是,一切从实际出发的优良传统,要建立必要的严格的责任制度。从事报刊、新闻、广播、电视工作的共产党员、共青团员,要作宣传党的路线、方针、政策的模范,坚持党性原则、顾全大局的模范,遵守党的纪律、维护党的团结的模范,深入实际、联系群众的模范。报刊、新闻、广播、电视系统的党组织,应该真正起到党的战斗堡垒的作用。
各级党委要加强和改善对报刊、新闻、广播、电视工作的领导。要调整和充实报刊、新闻、广播、电视队伍,努力提高他们的马克思主义理论水平和宣传党的路线、方针、政策的自觉性。要积极改善他们的工作条件,帮助他们总结经验、改进工作,尽量发挥他们的主动性、积极性和创造性。
中央相信,报刊、新闻、广播、电视战线的全体同志,一定会进一步坚决贯彻执行中央决定的方针,发扬成绩,纠正缺点,使自己的工作既严肃认真,又生动活泼,为党的事业作出更大的贡献。
七、本决定应与中央一九八○年十二月工作会议各项文件特别是邓小平同志讲话结合传达、贯彻执行。在传达、贯彻执行中,要着重说明这些方针都是三中全会以来各项方针的继续。要切实防止和纠正那种把十二月工作会议和本决定的精神割裂开来,对立起来,认为是改变、修正三中全会精神的错误观点。有些同志对三中全会精神有误解,现在,他们表现出这种错误观点并不奇怪。但是必须指出他们的错误,不允许他们继续散布自己的错误观点。这是统一全党认识,使全党思想工作者与中央保持政治上的一致的重大问题,希望各有关部门的同志在传达执行本决定时特别注意。
中共中央
一九八一年一月二十九日

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