Central Professional Title Reform Work Leading Group, 12 March 1986, ZGZ No. (1986)13)
Chapter I: General Provisions
Article 1: In order to give full rein to the vigour and creativity of radio and television broadcasting personnel, raise broadcasting levels, do radio and television propaganda well, construct the Four Modernizations even better, and serve the construction of a Socialist material civilization and spiritual civilization, these Regulations are formulated.Article 2: Broadcasting specialist position creation shall be determined on the basis of tasks undertaken in radio and television propaganda, real work needs and existing broadcast specialist personnel levels, etc., a reasonable structural proportion of specialist teams shall be maintained.
Article 3: Broadcast specialist position names are set as: broadcast director, chief broadcaster, first-level broadcaster, second-level broadcaster and third-level broadcaster. Broadcast directors and chief broadcasters are high-level positions, first-level broadcasters are intermediate positions and second and third-level broadcasters are junior positions.
Chapter II: Position duties and position conditions
Article 4: Personnel in broadcasting specialist positions must endorse the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, deeply love the Socialist motherland, strive to study Marxism and Mao Zedong Thought, propagate and implement the Party line, principles and policies, seek truth from facts, closely link up with the masses, abide by the Constitution and the law, scrupulously observe news work discipline and professional morals, and contribute their strengths to realizing the Party’s tasks in all periods.
Article 5: Appraisal of and appointment to broadcasting specialist positions, shall be mainly based on specialist personnel’s political and ideological display, levels of learning, specialist abilities, work achievements and the real effects in implementing their duties, and they shall have corresponding schooling records and qualifications to engage in broadcasting work. In cases where a broadcaster does not have the above-mentioned schooling record, but has genuine talent, remarkable broadcasting achievement and prominent contributions, and conform to position conditions, they may be evaluated and appointed to broadcasting specialist positions.
Article 6: Third-level broadcaster
Position duties: undertaking their own broadcasts and on-duty responsibilities.
Appointment conditions: college and polytechnic (broadcasting specialty) graduate and one year of probation completed, high school graduate and working two years or more in broadcasting work, who have the following basic conditions, may become third-level broadcasters.
Having a basic knowledge of and basic skills in broadcasting, understanding knowledge and policies related to their specialty; having a good voice, standardized language, correct pronunciation; and being able to complete broadcasting tasks according to requirements.
Article 7: Second-level broadcaster
Position duties: undertaking general programme broadcasting and on-duty tasks.
Appointment conditions: those obtaining a broadcasting master’s degree; obtaining a second degree or a graduate student class completion certificate; graduating with a higher education undergraduate degree and completing one year of probation; graduating from a college and doing third-level broadcasting work for two years or more; graduating from a college and doing third-level broadcasting work for four years or more, may become second-level broadcasters.
Basically grasping basic broadcasting theory and language expression techniques, having a certain understanding of relevant scientific and cultural knowledge related to their speciality; being able to complete the tasks within their own scope of obligations relatively well, language expression conforming to basic programme requirements; having an elementary grasp of modern Chinese, a summary understanding of classical Chinese and a foreign language.
Article 8: First level broadcasters
Position duties: independently undertaking broadcasting and live broadcasting tasks for all sorts of programmes, presenting the broadcast of some programmes; writing specialist topical summaries of a certain level, taking charge of professional topical teaching, organizing and guiding the work of second and third level broadcasters.
Appointment conditions: those having obtained a broadcasting doctorate; having obtained a broadcasting master’s degree and having worked as a second-level broadcaster for about two years; having obtained a second degree or a broadcasting major graduate class completion certificate and having worked as a second-level broadcaster for 2-3 years; having graduated from college or achieved college levels through examination and assessment, having worked as a second-level broadcaster for four years or more, and meeting the following conditions, may become first-level broadcasters
Grasping basic broadcasting theory, specialist knowledge and language expression skills; having relatively broad scientific and cultural knowledge and a certain policy theory level; being able to independently complete the broadcast and live broadcast tasks of all sorts of programmes relatively well, having a preliminary grasp of the editing and production of some programmes or ability to present programmes, excelling in the broadcasting of some programmes, having clear broadcasting characteristics; writing a certain level of professional topical summaries; grasping modern Chinese, having an elementary grasp of classical Chinese and a foreign language.
Article 9: Chief broadcaster
Position duties: organizing and guiding broadcasting personnel in completing their broadcasting duties, distinguishing broadcasting quality, resolving difficulties and problems in work, completing all kinds of broadcasting tasks, writing out professional summaries or specialist writings of a certain level, being in charge of broadcasting teaching and training or broadcasters.
Appointment conditions: those having obtained a doctorate and having worked as a first-level broadcaster for 2-3 years; having graduated from university undergraduate or higher or having achieved university undergraduate schooling records through examinations and having worked as a first-level broadcaster for five years or more, meeting the following conditions, may become chief broadcasters.
Relatively systematically grasping broadcasting theory and specialist knowledge, grasping broadcasting creation rules; having relatively extensive science and culture knowledge and corresponding policy theory levels; being able to complete broadcasting and live broadcasting tasks of all sorts of programmes, grasping newsgathering, editing and production and having the capacity to present programmes, having outstanding professional specialties and characteristics, having made professional summaries or specialist writings of a certain level; proficiently grasping modern Chinese, grasping classical Chinese and a foreign language.
Article 10: Broadcasting director
Position duties: organizing and guiding broadcasters’ completion of all sorts of broadcasting tasks, examining and appraising broadcasting quality, resolving major difficult professional issues; proficiently completing all sorts of broadcasting tasks; writing relatively high-level specialist writings; timely putting forward research topics that have a guiding role for the sector, and organizing research and resolution; making major contributions to the development of the broadcast undertaking and team construction.
Appointment conditions: chief broadcasters having continuously engaged in broadcasting work, who meet the following conditions, may become broadcasting directors.
Having done systematic research on and having relatively deep attainments in broadcasting specialist theory and creation rules; having extensive scientific and cultural knowledge and relatively high policy theory levels; being proficient in broadcasting work, being creative in practice, having formed an independent broadcasting stile, having relatively high newsgathering, editing, production or programme presenting capacities, having written relatively high-level specialist writings, having eminent work achievements, enjoying a certain reputation in society; proficiently grasping one or more foreign languages.
Chapter III: Assessment organization and appointment powers
Article 11: Work units in the radio and television system equal to first county level, shall establish a broadcasting specialist review committee (simply named review committee), responsible for the assessment of broadcast specialist appointment qualifications.
The Ministry review committee is responsible for assessment of broadcasting specialist qualifications of the nationwide radio and television system.
In China National Radio, China International Radio and China Central Television (simply named the three central stations), all provincial, autonomous region and municipal review committees are responsible for the assessment of appointment qualifications of chief broadcasters and first-level broadcasters.
Review committees corresponding to county first-level work units are responsible for the assessment of appointment criteria of second and third-level broadcasters.
Lower-level review committees shall also put forward assessment opinions on appointment criteria for positions of one level higher, and report this to the higher-level review committee for assessment.
Article 12: All work units’ administrative leadership must appoint or employ personnel who have undergone assessment by corresponding broadcasting specialist position review committees and found to meet qualifications.
In the Third Line, border regions and work units where appointment is difficult, appointment systems may be implemented provisionally, when conditions are ripe, an engagement may be implemented. When implementing an engagement system, the work units, the work unit administrative leadership is to send a letter of engagement to the engaged broadcaster, and both sides are to sign the engagement. Where an appointment system is implemented, according to cadre management powers, the administrative leadership sends an appointment letter to the broadcaster.
Broadcasting directors are appointed by the three central stations and provincial, autonomous region and municipal radio and television offices (bureaus), this is reported to the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television for filing; chief broadcasters and first-level broadcasters are engaged by district (city) level or higher radio station and television station directors; second and third-level broadcasters are engaged by county-level or higher radio and television bureaus (stations).
Article 13: A term of office system is implemented for radio and television broadcasting specialist duties, the term of office is generally three to five years. After the term of office expires, if it is necessary to continue to employ the original post-holder, assessment of the appointment qualifications and conditions does not need to be conducted; when appointing to a position of one level higher, qualification assessment must be conducted again according to procedure. Those whose work achievements are outstanding and have made prominent contributions may, with the confirmation of the review committee, exceptionally be promoted across levels. Those who are unable to complete their duties for a long time, or make grave mistakes that result in grave consequences, may be dismissed or demoted.
Broadcasters who provisionally are not appointed shall vigorously accept offers from other work units for work, until they leave their original work unit, they shall do temporary work as arranged by the original work unit, salaries and remunerations of broadcasters who have not been appointed for a long time, shall in principle be lower than the salaries and remuneration from broadcasters in work, concrete rules are to be established on the basis of the Ministry of Labour and Personnel.
Engaging or appointing work units shall conduct regular or irregular assessment of the appointed (or engaged) broadcasters’ professional abilities, levels of learning, work attitudes and work achievements, assessment results are listed in the merit dossier, to act as an important basis for promotion, salary adjustment, awards and whether or not they can renew their term of office.
Article 14: In work units in the radio and television system with a concentration of a small number of talents, middle-aged professional backbones who truly conform to higher-level position and task conditions, but who cannot be appointed due to exhaustion of quota, may be defined as “high-level broadcasting specialist position-in-waiting”, and receive corresponding salaries and remunerations, at the same time, they are encouraged to take up positions in other work units. “High-level broadcasting specialist positions-in-waiting” who are appointed elsewhere do not need to change their hukou and household registration. Work units planning to establish these positions and quota must be, after examination and verification by the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television or provinces, autonomous regions or municipalities, be reported to the Central Professional Title Reform Work Leading Group for approval. A list of already determined “high-level broadcasting specialist positions-in-waiting” must be promulgated at the same time as other personnel accepting job offers.
Chapter IV: Supplementary provisions
Article 15: These Regulations apply to broadcasting specialist personnel presently engaged in the radio and television system.
Article 16: The Ministry of Radio, Film and Televisions has the power to interpret these Regulations.
Article 17: These Regulations take effect on the date of promulgation.
（中央职称改革工作领导小组 1986 年 3 月 12 日发，职改字〔1986〕第13号）
任职条件：获得博士学位担任一级播音员工作 2—3 年；大学本科以上毕业或经考试达到大学本科毕业学历，担任一级播音员工作五年以上，具备下列基本条件，可担任主任播音员。