After the transmission of the “Main Points of the Speech concerning the Issue of Students Causing Trouble at Present” and the “Speech at the 6th Plenum of the 12th Party Congress” of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, all levels’ Party organizations have raised their understanding of the significance of the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization, and work has progressively and deeply developed. In order to ensure that this struggle is conducted healthily, the following is notified in relation to some issues.
I, All levels’ Party organizations must fully understand the importance and long-term nature of the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization. The student strikes that spread to many cities at the end of last year is grave in nature. The reasons directly triggering this student strike are somewhat different in all localities and all schools. They include emotions of distrust in Party leadership created because of some mistakes in work in the Centre, the localities as well as schools. But generally speaking, it is the result of the fact that our banners were not clear and attitudes not firm in the past few years of opposing bourgeois liberalization thinking trends. From the Centre to many localities, there is weakness and confusion on the political and ideological front, not a few battlefields, including some higher education institute podiums, cannot resist the sneak attack by bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, up to the point where the unchecked spread of bourgeois liberalization thinking trends has been brought about. There are an extremely small number of Communist Party members who have taken the lead in advocating bourgeois liberalization ideology, creating grave consequences.
Engaging in bourgeois liberalization, denying the Socialist system and advocating the capitalist system, has denying the leadership of the Party at the core. If this is left unrestricted and uncurbed, it may influence even more people and especially a number of youths to lose their bearings, it may case our country to become a chaotic society, it will be impossible to normally conduct reform and construction. Because of this, the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization relates to whether or not it is possible to firmly persist in the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, relates to what kind of generation will continue our undertaking, and relates to the fate of the Party and the State as well as the future of the Socialist undertaking. In short, persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles (persisting in the Socialist path, persisting in the peoples democratic dictatorship, persisting in the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and persisting in Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought), opposing bourgeois liberalization, consolidating stability and unity, are the roots on which the country is founded and run. The struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization is a long term one, and exists in the overall process of reform and opening up. Against this, the comrades in the entre Party must have a sufficient spiritual preparation.
This struggle, generally speaking, is to conduct a one time education for the broad Party members on persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, completely and correctly understanding and implementing the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress. All levels’ Party organizations and the broad Party members must earnestly study a series of important discussions of the Party Centre and especially Comrade Deng Xiaoping representing the collective Standing Committee of the Central Committee concerning persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and opposing bourgeois liberalization from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress again, further unify understanding, clarify the nature and profound significance of this struggle, and stand at the forefront of the struggle. At present, the key lies in all provincial, autonomous region, municipal and Central Party, Government and military organs’ Party committees and Party groups in all ministries and commissions, who must take the lead in study. During study, it is necessary to link to the reality on the political and ideological front, correctly analyse and summarize experiences and lessons, realistically change the situation of weakness and confusion, and make this struggle into a large matter of the present, unite as one, show banners clearly, and lead and organize matters well with firm positions.
II, The scope and focus points in the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization at present. This struggle is strictly limited to inside the Party, and is mainly to be conducted in the political and ideological sphere, it stresses the resolution of problems in basic political principles and political orientations, which mainly are opposing the mistaken thinking trends scheming to cast off the leadership of the Communist Party and deny the Socialist path. Doo not link it to economic reform policies, rural policies, scientific and technological research, and the exploration of literary and artistic styles and techniques, as well as the people’s daily lives. Opposing bourgeois liberalization has a specific meaning. Inside the Party and in society, other negative and corrupt phenomena exist, and whatever problem comes up is the problem to be resolved, do not link it up with bourgeois liberalization.
Party, government, military organs’ and city enterprise and undertaking work units and the People’s liberation army are mainly to conduct positive education for the broad Party members. This is not to be done in the countryside. Rural grass–roots Party organization rectification work is still to be conducted according to the deployment of the Central Party Rectification Work Guidance Committee.
This struggle does not involve the democratic parties and intellectuals outside of the Party. Relevant Party organizations must timely notify people outside of the Party and the broad masses about the situation, welcome their putting forward criticism and suggestions, and give rein to their vigorous functions.
III, To oppose bourgeois liberalization, full attention must be paid to political boundaries. This struggle must persist in mainly having positive education throughout, and the policy of uniting the absolute majority. On this point, we must be fully sober and clear from the beginning. Where it is necessary to openly name names, criticize and make organizational decisions openly in newspapers or periodicals, it can only be about exceptionally few Party Members who openly advocate bourgeois liberalization, who are impenitent and have a large influence, and it must be reported in advance to the Central Propaganda Department for examination and verification, and be approved by the Centre. Suitable work must still be arranged for these people, giving rein to their specialties, and respecting their civil rights. As long as they have realistically reformed their errors, they must be given political trust. Some comrades persist in systematically wrong viewpoints, and may be criticized in a comradely manner during Party life meetings. It is permitted maintain opinions, as long as they abide by the Party’s organizational discipline in their acts in the future, and start from the desire for unity, patiently treat and stimulate their enlightenment. It is absolutely not permitted that any person feigns compliance, and conducts factional activities in secret from the Party.
To rectify the mistake of leftism in the political and ideology sphere, the Party’s line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress must be taken as yardstick, to prevent criticising rightism with “Leftism” it is absolutely not permitted to obstruct reform and opening up, or the implementation of policies to stimulate the economy because of opposition to bourgeois liberalization.
We must persist in the policy of “letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend”. Continue to encourage and support theoretical workers to use the basic theories of Marxism, start from our country’s national circumstances, dare to explore and research the new situations, new experiences and new problems of Socialist construction and reform, and put forward new understandings. In this area, do not fear making mistakes, and correct mistakes if they occur; we must permit making mistakes, and not falsely accuse people because of some mistake they make during exploration. Explorative opinions concerning sensitive topics must be expressed publicly with caution, this shall especially be the case in political issues. Towards different opinions in academic and artistic matters, the principles determined in the Constitutions must be respected, use the methods of regular discussion, criticism and countercriticism to resolve them, in order to correctly give rein to the guiding function of Marxism. Concerning literary works, films, television programmes, etc. from the past, no clean-up is made categorically; those among them having grave political mistakes and grave mistakes in social ethics, with a bad social effect, shall be appropriately dealt with by the Centre’s management departments. Concerning future works, we mainly rely on editorial departments, publishers, film studios, theatres, etc., to be responsible for gatekeeping according to the principles of letting a hundred flowers bloom, a hundred schools contend, serving the people and serving Socialism, do not taboo too much, overlook rightism and overlook “leftism”, ask for instructions in anything, and hamper the regular development of the literature and art undertaking.
IV, Correct methods must be adopted in opposing bourgeois liberalization, do not engage in political campaigns. It is necessary to adopt methods in a gentle and kind way, with an even temper, convincing people by reason, firmly avoid the sort of “judging people by their attitudes, hooking up with above and linking with below, expecting all levels, and everyone has to pas the test” from the past, as well as the mistaken methods of calling to expose and report “Leftism”. Achieving this point is one key in persistently and healthily conducting this struggle.
Concerning some mistaken viewpoints with a major influence, apart from where it has been decided to name names, it is necessary to conduct indirect principle-based criticism concerning individuals in newspapers and periodicals, and clear out right and wrong. Regardless of what sort of criticising article it is, they all must demarcate boundaries, have a full argumentation and seek truth from facts. They must start from China’s national circumstances, clarify the rationale that only by persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, it is possible to do reform and opening up well, and realize the Four Modernization, and answer the doubts and questions of the masses. it is not permitted to publish any personal attack or insulting writing and images. Newspapers publishing critical articles must stress quality, and avoid excessive concentration and empty or duplicate content, avoid by all means to continue to use unsuitable jargon from the “Cultural Revolution” and past campaigns. If those being criticised, they have a reasonable response, it shall be published. All newspapers, periodicals and reading materials that are not directly related to opposing bourgeois liberalization, for example specialist technology newspapers and periodicals and children’s newspapers and periodicals may not carry or reprint this sort of critical article.
V, The situation in higher education institutes must be further stabilized, and ideological and political work in schools improved and strengthened. The consciousness of youths and students about persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and resisting the influence of bourgeois liberalization thinking trends must be raised Among higher education schools, the absolute majority display themselves well, it is only a very small number who participated in the troubles or who received relatively deep influence from bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, all those who have not violated the criminal law, shall without exception not be prosecuted; those who have shown a willingness to correct themselves, shall be enthusiastically welcomed. Now, the troubles in a small number of schools have already been basically suppressed, but the hidden danger of trouble has still not been eliminated, a considerable number of students still have doubts and conflicts in terms of ideology, the task of ideological education is still very formidable. At present, it is necessary to tightly grasp the beneficial opportune moment, and mobilize forces from all sides of society, including household heads, to do ideological and political work concerning students well, and at the same time strengthen management over and improve work in all aspects of schools, reliably eliminate hidden danger within the scope of possibility, and further stabilize the situation in higher education institutes. The National People’s Congress Standing Committee’s recent “Decision concerning Strengthening Legal System Education and Safeguarding Stability and Unity” must be widely inculcated in universities and middle schools, in order to strengthen a concept of abiding by discipline and obeying the law.
The ideological and political work in the new term must have persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles and opposing bourgeois liberalization as focus points. To organize cadres, teachers and students to study relevant documents, and criticize the mistaken viewpoints of bourgeois liberalization, rights and wrong must be demarcated first and foremost in basic political principles and political orientations, and understanding raised. Ideological work for students must be patient and meticulous, the results of hurry are not good. It is necessary to provide conveniences for teachers to understand all real situations. It is necessary to guide students into participating in social practice, and deepen their understanding of China’s national circumstances and the real situation of reform and construction. regular, frequent and varied dialogue channels shall be completed and opened up actively and not passively, to encourage students to put forward the questions that they cannot think through themselves and the criticism and suggestions they have concerning our work, through all sorts of regular ways. It is necessary to forcefully launch democratic, lively and vivid discussions between cadres, teachers and students, and between students themselves, and it is at the same time necessary to organize a batch of academics and cadres who quite understand the real domestic and foreign situation to lecture persuasively in universities’ after-class platforms on the line from since the 3rd Plenum in an organized manner, in order to raise the ideological understanding of teachers and students.
At present, an extremely small number of the leadership ranks in higher education are not competent in their work, and very few have relatively grave problems. We must, on the basis of investigation and research, differentiate the different situations and subject them to strengthening, adjustment and rectification.
The Centre charges the State Education Commission Party Committee with drafting a document to strengthen ideological and political work in higher education institutes on the basis of new situations.
VI, The news and public opinion battlefield must persist in the correct ideological and political orientation. The Party’s newspapers and periodicals, and the State’s radio, television and relevant publications are the mouthpieces of the Party and the people, and must under the leadership of the Party, unconditionally propagate the Party and government line, principles and policies. These work units’ Party organizations must organize the whole body of Party members and cadres to earnestly conduct a one-time education on persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, further clarify guiding ideologies and rectify political orientations. Those who disseminated things with grave political errors in the past and created a relatively large influence on society, shall adopt suitable methods to distinguish right and wrong, and redeem their reputation. In the future, public opinion departments must all strictly abide by Party discipline, State laws and work discipline, strictly implement responsibility systems, and establish the necessary inspection and examination systems. Where grave political errors appear, the cause must be timely brought to light, the different situations differentiated, and this must be severely punished. An extremely small number of people who advocated bourgeois liberalization for a long time, and who do not abide by the Party’s propaganda discipline, and who refuse to correct themselves after education, must be firmly dismissed.
In recent years, a considerable batch of newspapers and periodicals has lacked competent leading cadres and editorial personnel meeting requirements, moreover, management was very bad, and social effect not good. Central and all provincial, autonomous region and municipal Party Committee propaganda departments must, jointly with all levels’ press and publications departments, size up the situation and rectify this. Some newspapers and periodicals with mistaken political orientations and poor quality must be firmly closed down.
It is necessary to diligently raise the ideological, political and professional quality of public opinion teams and especially leading backbones, incessantly raise propaganda art and strengthen propaganda effects. The skill to complete propaganda work under circumstances of openness must be strengthened.
VII, All levels’ Party Committees must strengthen investigation and research, incessantly summarize experiences, and meticulously guide this struggle. Launching the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization in the political and ideological sphere is a very complex matter, and may meet with interference here and there. In this area, we still lack mature experience. All provincial, autonomous region, municipal Party Committees and Party Groups, and those central Party, government and military organs’ ministries and commissions, especially main responsible comrades, must realistically strengthen guidance over this struggle.
All levels’ Party Committees must absolutely handle matters strictly according to the principles, policies and deployment determined by the Centre, must have a firm attitude, not give up halfway, and must deal with matters cautiously, with proper methods, and not deviate as much as possible. Investigation and research must be strengthened, everything must start from reality. Concerning those problems that cannot be perceived clearly or that are uncertain for the time being, it is better to be a bit more stable and a bit more careful, be sure not to rush headlong into action, or do matters perfunctorily. Doing things in this way is to guarantee the smooth conduct of this struggle, and does absolutely not mean that it is permitted to lower guard or muddle through work.
At the same time as opposing bourgeois liberalization thinking trends, work in all areas must be earnestly and realistically improved. It is necessary to diligently overcome bureaucratism in real actions, and correct all sorts of unhealthy tendencies and indifferent or harsh attitudes, persist in the work method of the mass line, and resolve the real problems put forward by students and other people, for which the conditions to resolve them are present. It is absolutely not permitted to use opposing liberalization as an excuse to suppress or attack the proper criticism of the masses concerning the flaws and mistakes in our work.
The comrades in the entire Party must clearly understand that, the line of the Party since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress has two basic points: one is persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, one is persisting in reform, opening up and vitalization. Both are mutually linked, and none is dispensable. Launching the struggle to oppose bourgeois liberalization, is to correctly and completely implement the Party line, principles and policies from since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, and is an important measure in implementing the decision of the 6th Plenum of the 12th Party Committee concerning guiding policies to construct a Socialist spiritual civilization. This struggle inevitably will further raise the Marxist level of the entire Party, powerfully stimulate the Party’s ideological construction, work style construction and the spiritual civilization construction of the entire society. We must, under the presupposition of persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles, continue to carry forward an atmosphere of democracy and unity in all aspects of social life, carry forward a new spirit of reform and innovation, and to the largest possible extent muster the Socialist vigorous of the broad workers, peasants, intellectuals and cadres, consolidate and expand the patriotic and unified line, and move all work matters forward.