State Council, NDC No. 65
At present, illegal publication activities in society are rampant. A number of lawless persons falsely produce or pirate the name of lawful publication work units, illegally print harmful books and periodicals, and audiovisual publications in large numbers. This sort of publication activities has flooded the market, and not only is content degenerate, and often propagates murder, sex and superstition, but the printing quality is also inferior, the selling price is costly, the harmfulness to mental and bodily health of the masses, especially the youth, is extremely large, and gravely influence the construction of a socialist spiritual civilization. For this sort of situation, measures must be adopted to persistently curb it. The State Council has decided to immediately, in the entire country, launch a one-time operation attacking illegal publication activities. The following relevant issues are hereby notified as follows:
I, Apart from State-approved publication work units, any work unit and individual may not publish books, newspapers and periodicals and audiovisual publications openly distributed to society, violations are considered as illegal publication activities.
II, Non-publication work units compiling and printing, and duplicating non-commercial reference books, newspapers and periodicals and audiovisual products for internal use, must be reported to the controlling work unit in charge for approval, and pass approval by county-level or higher (including county-level) administrative press and publications (culture) organs or provincial-level or higher (including provincial-level) audiovisual management organs and be issued a printing permit, and may only then be printed. Violations are also considered as illegal publication activities.
Any State-run collective and individual printing (binding) plant, may not undertake printing (binding) of illegal publications. All those already undertaking illegal publications, shall without exception cease printing, and turn finished products, semi-finished products, printing plates, etc. over completely to the administrative press and publications (culture) organ appointed by the county-level or higher (including county level) People’s Government of their locality, for destruction on the spot.
Audiovisual duplication and processing work units not having undergone State audiovisual management organ approval will be banned without exception.
III, Any State-run, collective or individual distribution work units and individuals may not sell illegal publications. If they have illegal publications, they shall without exception cease sales, and take the initiative to clean up and torn them the administrative press and publications (culture) organ and audiovisual management organ appointed by the county-level or higher (including county level) People’s Government of their locality, for destruction on the spot.
IV, For work units and individuals printing, undertaking printing, duplicating and selling illegal publications, the distinctive circumstances may be considered, and warnings, cessation for rectification, and cancelling registration certification or business licences may respectively be imposed, and administrative punishment will be imposed on the directly responsible person or leader.
For illegal publications and illegal income, apart from complete confiscation, with consideration to the distinctive circumstances, a fine of within five times the sum list price of the publications will also be imposed. Confiscated illegal income and fines will without exception be turned over to the State treasury.
To those engaging in illegal publication activities with loathsome circumstances, with grave consequences, violating criminal law, criminal liability shall be investigated according to the law.
V, This attack of illegal publication activities, shall focus on investigating and prosecuting large-scale printing, undertaking printing, duplication and sale of illegal publications, and work units and individuals with huge quick profit values.
VI, Attacking illegal publication activities must be persistent, and must be reliable. All localities must start from the real situation, seek the truth from facts, extend different treatment for different situations, and make achieving attack on the tiny minority of grave unlawful persons and educating the large majority as targets.
VII, This attack of illegal publication activities will be guided by all levels’ People’s Governments, administrative press and publications, radio, film and television, industry and culture management and public security entities are concretely responsible, culture management entities give vigorous coordination and support; relevant entities such as post, light industry, communications, railways, Customs, etc., must strengthen communication, mutually communicate the situation and closely cooperate. For investigation and prosecution targets involving several regions, relevant regions shall timely report and work in coordination.
VIII, At present, it is necessary to grasp one or two major model cases and thoroughly investigate them as soon as possible, handle them according to the law, and propagate it using newspapers, radio and television, in order to move forward investigation and prosecution work in the entire country.
IX, Investigation and prosecution funding will be handled according to the relevant provisions of the “Notice Concerning Promulgation of the ‘Management Rules for Confiscation Property and Recovering Illicit Money and Illicit Goods” of the Ministry of Finance (year 1986, No. MoF 228).
X, In order to transform the present chaotic situation of the books and periodical printing sector, Public Security organs according to relevant regulations shall turn the printing sector into a “special sector” and conduct management. All levels’ People’s Government must formulate relevant mechanisms and personnel, and are responsible for implementing regular examination and supervision of printing plants, especially small town and village printing plants, in their jurisdiction
All localities, after receiving this Notice, shall immediately take action, concrete arrangements may be taken by themselves on the basis of the real situation of that locality. Before the end of October of this year, all provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments shall make a special report to the State Council on the implementation situation.
国务院·国发  65号