Notice Concerning Severely Punishing Criminal Illegal Publishing Activities

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All provincial, autonomous region and municipal Higher People’s Courts and People’s Procuratorates, Liberation Army Courts Martial, Military Procuratorate:

After transmission on 6 July 1987 of the “State Council Notice Concerning Strictly Attacking Illegal Publishing Activities”, all localities’ Public Security, Industry and Commerce, Publications, Culture and Audiovisual entities have successively investigated and prosecuted large amounts of illegal publications. This sort of illegal publications floods the market, gravely endangering market order, at the same time, many illegal publications’ content is degenerate, the harm to mental and physical health of the masses and especially minors is very large. These illegal publishing activities have grave circumstances, violating the Criminal Law, and criminal liability shall be prosecuted according to the law. In order to clarify the legal basis for handling this sort of cases, and severely punish criminal illegal publishing activities according to the law, the following is hereby notified:

I, With the objective of quick and large profits, engaging in publishing, printing, distributing or selling of illegal publications, where the illegal business or illegal income volume is relatively large and circumstances are grave, is to be punished as the crime of speculating and profiteering in Article 117 of the Criminal Law; where the volume is huge, Article 118 of the Criminal Law applies; where the circumstances are especially grave, the provisions of Article 1, Paragraph (1) of the “National Peoples Congress Standing Committee Decision Concerning Severely Publishing Grave Crimes Destroying the Economy” apply.

II, With the objective of profit, engaging in publishing, printing, distributing or selling of pornographic books and pictures, or pornographic audiovisuals, shall be punished as the crime of producing and selling pornographic books and pictures in Article 170 of the Criminal Law, those where the illegal business or illegal income volume is huge, or circumstances are grave, not only committing the crime of producing or selling pornographic books and pictures, but also committing the crime of speculating and profiteering, shall be punished as the crime of speculating and profiteering.

最高人民法院 最高人民检察院关于依法严惩非法出版犯罪活动的通知

(1987年11月27日)

各省、自治区、直辖 市高级人民法院、人民检察院,解放军军事法院、军事检察院:

1987年7月6日,《国务院关于严厉打击非法出版活动的通知》下达后,各地公安、工商、出版、文化、音像部门陆续清查出大批的非法出版物。这类非法 出版物充斥市场,严重危害市场秩序,同时,许多非法出版物内容腐朽,对群众特别是对青少年的身心健康危害很大。有些非法出版活动情节严重,触犯刑律,应当 依法追究刑事责任。为了明确处理这类案件的法律依据,依法严惩非法出版犯罪活动,特作如下通知:

一、以牟取暴利为目的,从事非法出版物的出版、印刷、发行、销售活动,非 法经营或者非法获利的数额较大,情节严重的,以刑法第一百一十七条投机倒把罪论处 ;数额巨大的,适用刑法第一百一十八条;情节特别严重的,适用《全国人民代表 大会常务委员会关于严惩严重破坏经济的罪犯的决定》第一条第(一)项的规定。

二、以营利为目的,从事淫书淫画、淫秽音像的出版、印刷、发行、销售活动 的,以刑法第一百七十条制作、贩卖淫书淫画罪论处,其中非法经营或者非法获利 的数额巨大或情节严重的,不仅触犯了制作、贩卖淫书淫画罪,也触犯了投机倒把 罪,应以投机倒把罪论处。

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