Provisional Rules on Structural Reform in Book Distribution

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Note: The original text of this document is: “Central Propaganda Department and Administration of Press and Publications Some Opinions concerning the Present Book Distribution Structure Reform”.

1 April 1988, Central Propaganda Department, Administration of Press and Publications

On the basis of the spirit of the 13th Party Congress, book distribution work must further liberate thoughts, further open up and become further vitalized, in order to push distribution structure reform towards a new phase.

I, The guiding ideology and objectives of accelerating and deepening distribution structural reform.

Since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, our country’s book distribution structural reform has seen clear successes. The structure with State-run bookstores at the core, with many kinds of economic components, many kinds of sales forms and fewer circulation links has been basically shaped. A number of bookstores have implemented all sorts and forms of contracting responsibility systems. The emergence of all sorts of book fairs and trade fairs, has enlivened book markets. In nine years of time, the nationwide book sales value has grown 3.5 times, State-run bookstores’ fixed assets have tripled, State-run bookstore network points have doubled, collective and individual bookselling points have grown out of nothing to number 28000 locations.

But, the distribution management structures and commercial forms with excessive concentration, rigid control and excessive administrative intervention that have been shaped for a long time since founding the nation has still not basically changed. The autonomy of grass roots bookstores is to little, and they lack vitality. The production, supply and sales relations of books are not smooth, problem of disjoint between the supply and sales of not a few books and especially academic or scientific work still exists. Because of this, we must accelerate and deepen book distribution structural reform.

The guiding ideology of distribution structural reform is, under Party leadership and the Socialist system, fully muster the vigour of the nationwide publishing and distribution workers, to develop the production strength of publishing and distribution departments, and publish and issue more good books. Books are spiritual products, and must put social effect first; books are also commercial products, and attention must be paid to economic effect, its social effect can only be realized through commercial exchange. Because of this, in the process of accelerating and deepening reform, we must persist in the Party’s publishing policies, and persist in handling matters according to the rules of the Socialist commodity economy, give high regard to the unification of social effect and social effect, strive to satisfy the popular masses’ requirements towards books, and even better serve the construction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.

The basic objective of reform is establishing and developing an open book distribution system with high efficiency, which is full of vitality. At present, we must continue to perfect and develop a new structure with State-run bookstores at the core, many sorts of circulation channels, many sorts of economic components, many sorts of sales forms, and few circulation segments, and move the “three letting-goes and one linkage” forward. That is: we must let go of power and contract it out, to enliven State-operated bookstores; let go of distribution cannels, to enliven book markets, and let sales forms and distribution discounts go, to enliven sales mechanisms; promote the linkage of the horizontal economy, develop all sorts of publishing and distribution enterprise associations and enterprise groups.

II, Let go of power and contract it out, to enliven State-operated bookstores

According to the principle of separating ownership powers, and business powers, truly give business powers to State-run bookstores, make into economic entities that have independent legal qualifications, with autonomous management and sole responsibility for profit and loss. All provincial, autonomous region and municipal administrative press and publications organs should, according to the requirement of separation between government and enterprises, let powers go to State-run bookstores.

Provincial-level Xinhua bookstores shall progressively transfer their business management powers to city and country (district) grass roots Xinhua bookstores. All localities’ administrative culture management departments must also transfer the business management powers that enterprises should happen to the local bookstores. State-run bookstores have the power to autonomously allocate post-tax profit according to State regulations; they have the power to autonomously hire or dismiss employees within the scope permitted by policy on labour and personnel affairs; they have the power to select stocking channels, and autonomously purchase books from wholesalers or publishers.

City (district) first-level bookstores must also transfer powers to their subordinate specialist bookstores and comprehensive salesrooms. We must progressively reduce management levels, and create conditions to divide them into independent accounting work units according to sales departments.

On the basis of letting powers go, State-run bookstores are to implement a management contract responsibility system that puts even better service to readers in the centre, where responsibility and rights are integrated. Where it has been implemented, it must grasp supplementing, deepening, perfecting and developing contracting. State-run bookstore management deals with intellectual products, they are micro-profit enterprises, and contracting base numbers must seek truth from fact. We should, according to State regulations, implement “micro-profit enterprises handing over profit quota responsibility” and “loss-making enterprise deficit (or subsidy) responsibility”. We must give rein to the function of competitive mechanisms in contracting, try out bidding methods, select and designate managers. Small-scale salesrooms, bookstalls and village bookshops may implement collective management, leasing management or try out shareholding management. Regardless of which sort of contracting form is implemented, they all must have book commerce as their main business, and cannot weaken book distribution because of launching many other sorts of business.

Letting go of power and contracting are the only way for distribution structural reform. But in the steps of implementation, we must suit measures to local conditions, not “cut with one knife” and not use only one model. All localities may, on the basis of real local conditions, engage in many sorts of explorations and trials. The general requirement is to ensure that grass roots State-run bookstores are full of vitality, have full business autonomy and stimulate the development of publishing, distribution and production forces.

III, Letting go of wholesale channels, enlivening book markets.

Changing the sole closed-model wholesale organs, and establishing open-model wholesale system with many channels existing side by side, has an important function in enlivening book markets.

To enliven wholesale channels, we must fully give rein to the function of central markets, and establish some open wholesale centres that conduct both wholesale and retail business, and serve all areas in some large cities. There may be different wholesale channels: those of the Xinhua bookstores, those of publishers, and those jointly run by publishes and Xinhua bookstores. Collective bookstores meeting conditions may also develop wholesale business, with approval of the provincial first-level administrative publishing organ.

All distribution venues and provincial-level bookstores must strive to turn themselves into completely open business service-type wholesale enterprises and fully give rein to their pivotal role in book circulation. Wholesale targets are not to be divided into State-run, collective and individual; the scope of wholesale is not do be divided into intra-province and extra-province; wholesale forms may take many varieties and forms. Provincial-level bookstores mainly are to conduct wholesale, storage and transportation work, and must at the same time provide information for grass roots bookstores and foster talents. City (district) and country Xinhua bookstores are both wholesale and retail work units and should strengthen their wholesale business in selling books to supply cooperatives and all other sorts of economic components.

The opening of wholesale business through many channels has increased the responsibilities of publishers in storing books and reprinting books. Publishers should give preference to guaranteeing the ordering needs of all wholesale organs, and continue to perform self-run wholesale and retail work. But wholesale conditions (including wholesale times, wholesale discounts and wholesale varieties) should be consistent with delivery stores, to guarantee the vigour of special wholesale organs in production localities and sales localities. Publishers and State-run bookstores must vigorously support the development of collective bookstores and bookstalls, guide them to sell more good books, and provide guarantees in terms of goods sourcing as much as possible.

IV, Letting go of sales forms and distribution discounts, to enliven sales mechanisms

Subscription solicitation and exclusive selling rights that have been formed over a long time, have fettered the vigour of grass roots bookstores to expand purchases and sales, and have also fettered publishers’ motions, this is where the key of the issue that generally, book ordering numbers cannot go up. In the future, apart from important documents and textbooks of the Party and the State, and books for internal distribution, for which exclusive sale will continue to be implemented, commission selling, consignment selling an many other methods may be implemented for other books. Consignment selling is the direction in which matters are spreading, and should be vigorously tried out. At the same time, we must also practice subscription solicitation with guaranteed refunds, trial selling, period selling, sending out samples for ordering, looking at samples for ordering and other flexible and diverse methods. Regardless of which form is pushed forward, publishers and deliverers must sign economic contracts, and strictly conduct matters according to contract.

Distribution discount must also be let go, in step with letting go selling forms. Fixed and unchangeable discount rates do not benefit the enlivening of buying and selling, and expanding book-ordering numbers. In the future, floating discounts are implemented, and discounts are negotiated by both the publishing and distribution sides themselves. The principle of floating discounts are: publishers must, on the basis of the originally decided exclusive selling, commission selling or consignment selling discount, give a little more discount to distribution department, and the allowed discount is mainly given to grass roots book ordering stores; readers face narrow prices of academic works, this must be suitably let go according to regulations, it is permitted to decide prices with reference to cost, distribution discounts may be smaller than the distribution discounts of other books; publishers may try out quota sales contracting with wholesalers, and wholesalers with book ordering stores, and the part outside of the quota may be granted encouragement discounts. In should, we should utilize the law of value to enliven book sales and mitigate imbalance between supply and demand.

V, Forcefully develop horizontal integration

Horizontal integration is a necessary trend in the development of the Socialist commodity economy, and is an objective requirement for expanding the book market, it has an important significance in changing the separations of departments and regions, and regional barriers, which have been shaped through many years.

Horizontal integration in the book distribution area may be created through many sorts and varieties of forms. Between stores, publishers, and publishers and stores, between communal stores and other enterprise or undertaking departments, it is permitted to jointly setup bookstores, wholesale centres, book trade markets and markets for old books on the principle of voluntary participation and mutual benefit, through investment, share participation and other methods. With permission, it is also permitted to compose distribution enterprise groups, and establish sales systems in all localities. But, work units that have not obtained book or periodical business permits may not sell books or periodicals.

At present, some localities have adopted administrative methods to implement all sorts of limitations, including rigid rules that local provincial stores must have a proportion in selling books of that province, this does not conform to the principles of letting go and enlivening, it is not beneficial to raising the quality of books through competition, and should be corrected.

VI, Large and mid-size cities must pay regard to developing and running specialist bookstores.

Following the progressive rise of the popular masses’ knowledge levels and extent of specialization in production and work, in large and mid-size cities where intellectuals are concentrated, existing comprehensive bookstores can no longer satisfy the demands of readers concerning specialist books. Practice proves that opening specialist bookstores, can concentrate all sorts of specialist books, benefit linking up to specialist readers, benefit targeted subscription solicitation and distribution, benefit stimulating the publishing of academic works that have value, benefit the specialization of distribution personnel and raising the quality of distribution work. Because of this, all large and middle cities must, at the same time as running comprehensive bookstores well, on the basis of the local situation of the composition of readers, scientific, technological and cultural conditions, progressively establish different kinds of specialist bookstores of all varieties, and sufficient stocks. They must also forcefully develop mail-order business, and launch mail-order bookstores mailing fees are to be borne by readers.

VII, Forcefully strengthening distribution work in the countryside and border regions

Following the deepening of reform, the implementation of the “Meteor Plan” and the vigorous eruption of township and village enterprises, the broad countryside’s demands towards science, technology and culture have become ever more urgent, and especially a large batch of rural youths with a relatively high cultural level urgently require developing their knowledge. The work and scientific research bases in border regions concentrates intellectuals, who urgently need all sorts of books. A small number of ethnic regions also urgently require the dissemination of scientific and cultural knowledge. Because of this, forcefully strengthening distribution work in the countryside, border and ethnic minority regions is an extremely important task for publishing and distribution departments.

At the same time as fully giving rein to the function of rural supply collectives as book selling points, all localities’ publishing and distribution departments must strive to ensure that their distribution channels stretch into the countryside, remote and border regions. County Xinhua bookstores must concentrate their main force to do rural distribution work well, establish salesrooms in towns and villages meeting conditions, and vigorously support collective and individual bookshops, bookstalls, booksellers, and agency sales. Town and village enterprises are one of the focus points of rural distribution, and their needs must be fully satisfied, we must also satisfy the book needs of rural libraries, cultural stations, science and technology stations and industrial and scientific research bases in remote and border areas, do targeted distribution well, and make matters convenient for readers in any possible way. Book distribution in rural, border and ethnic minority regions comes with high cost and many difficulties. We suggest all localities’ governments to provide attention and support in economic policies; and to bring distribution network point construction into spiritual civilization construction plans. There are some provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities that exempt rural bookstores from business tax and income tax, which has extremely greatly stimulated books to go to the countryside, this sort of method merits extension.

VIII, Strengthening leadership and macro-level management over distribution work.

Distribution structural reform ahs put forward even higher requirements towards all levels’ Party Committee Propaganda Departments and administrative press and publications organs, leadership must absolutely be strengthened, and macro-level management must be strengthened.

All levels’ Party Committee Propaganda Departments must promote and support administrative press and publications organs in fully exercising management functions, in order to reform and be responsible for the overall picture. We must assist them in doing guidance, planning and trial work concerning distribution structural reform well, timely summarize and disseminate reform experiences, assist the resolution of difficulties and problems that emerge in reform. We must fully utilize radio, television, newspapers, periodicals and other public opinion methods to propagate the significance and methods of distribution structural reform, disseminate book information, recommend excellent works, appraise all sorts of books and periodicals, and commend advanced distribution work units and distribution workers.

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publications bureaus must, on the basis of investigation and research, further formulate and perfect regulations and management measures in the area of publishing and distribution, and, in consultation with public security, industry and commerce culture and other relevant administrative departments, use economic, legal and administrative means, strengthen management over the book market, firmly ban reactionary and obscene publications according to the law, and continue to attack illegal publishing activities. On the basis of the requirements of our economic development strategy, further reform and strengthen book, newspaper and periodical import and export work. In order to adapt to the new situations of provincial-level bookstores progressively transferring management functions, we must establish and complete corresponding functional distribution management organs, and strengthen macro-level management over distribution work.

Whether or not distribution system reform can be successful, and whether or not the appearance of distribution work can be changed, depends on whether or not there is a line of distribution teams with a firm Socialist orientation, who dare to reform and explore, and are proficient in their business. Because of this, we must grasp the training of distribution personnel in a planned and gradual manner, and raise the quality of distribution teams. We must assist in running the specializations of book distribution in higher-level, polytechnic and technical schools, continue to run on-the-job personnel training classes well. We must improve and raise the political and economical remuneration of distribution personnel. Publishers and distribution work units may appoint distribution personnel in specialist technology positions to specialist technological duties; position appointment rules for other professional personnel are provided separately. All localities must not arrange for personnel not meeting conditions to go to bookstores. Staff allocated to bookstores must have an upper middle school cultural level.

In order to strengthen management over the distribution sector, with permission, it is permitted to establish local or national book, newspaper and periodical distribution associations. Making distribution associations into people-run mass organizations with voluntary alliance, which implement democratic management has a positive function in implementing the Party’s publishing principles and policies, safeguarding the sector’s interests, contradictions inside associations and sectors, and other areas. In the management and education work of collective or individual bookstores, bookstalls and booksellers, we should give even more rein to the function of distribution association. We must also adopt all sorts of methods to regularly conduct education on the basic line of the Party in the primary stage of Socialism and the Socialist distribution work principles and asks for the broad distribution workers, to ensure that they fully understand the important function of distribution work in the construction of both civilizations, establish Socialist business thinking and professional ethics, observe discipline and abide by the law, and wholeheartedly serve the broad readership.

 

图书发行体制改革试行办法
注: 此件原名为《中共中央宣传部、新闻出版署关于当前图书发行体制改革的若干意见》。

1988年4月1日,中宣部、新闻出版署

根据党的第十三次全国代表大会的精神,图书发行工作必须进一步解放思想,进一步放开、搞活,把发行体制改革推向一个新的阶段。
一、加快和深化图书发行体制改革的指导思想和目标
党的十一届三中全会以来,我国图书发行体制改革取得了明显成效。以国营书店为主体、多种流通渠道、多种经济成分、多种购销形式、少流通环节的格局已初步形成。部分书店实行了各种形式的承包责任制。各种书市、展销会的出现,活跃了图书市场。9年期间,全国的图书销售额增长3.5倍,国营书店固定资产增长3倍,国营书店网点增加1倍多,集体、个体售书点从无到有达2万8千处。
但是,建国以来长期形成的过分集中、统得过死、行政干预过多的发行管理体制和经营形式,仍然没有根本改变。基层书店的自主权太少,缺乏活力。图书的产、供、销关系不顺,不少图书特别是学术、科学著作供销脱节的问题依然存在。因此,必须加快和深化图书发行体制改革。
发行体制改革的指导思想是,在党的领导和社会主义制度下,充分调动全国出版发行工作者的积极性,发展出版发行部门的生
产力,多出多发好书。图书是精神产品,必须把社会效益放在首位;图书又是商品,必须注重经济效益,它的社会效益要通过商品交换才能实现。因此,在加快和深化改革过程中,要坚持党的出版方针,坚持按社会主义商品经济规律办事,重视社会效益和经济效益的统一,努力满足人民群众对图书的需要,更好地为建设有中国特色的社会主义服务。
改革的基本目标,是建立和发展开放式的效率高的充满活力的图书发行体制。当前,要继续完善和发展以国营书店为主体的、多种流通渠道、多种经济成分、多种购销形式、少流通环节的新格局,推进“三放一联”。即:放权承包,搞活国营书店;放开批发渠道,搞活图书市场;放开购销形式和发行折扣,搞活购销机制;推行横向经济联合,发展各种出版发行企业群体和企业集团。
二、放权承包,搞活国营书店
根据所有权与经营权分离的原则,把经营权真正放给国营书店,使之成为有独立法人资格的经济实体,自主经营,自负盈亏。各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政机关,应按照政企分开的要求,给国营书店放权。
省级新华书店应逐步将经营管理权放给市县(区)基层新华书店。各地文化行政主管部门也要把企业应有的经营管理权下放给当地书店。国营书店有权按国家规定,自主支配税后留利;有权在劳动人事政策允许的范围内,自主招录、解聘职工;有权选择进货渠道,自主向发货店或出版社购进图书。
市(地)一级书店也要向所属的专业书店、综合门市部放权。要逐步减少管理层次,创造条件按门市部划分独立核算单位。
在放权的基础上,国营书店实行以更好地为读者服务为中心的责权利相结合的经营承包责任制。已经实行的,要抓好承包的配套、深化、完善、发展。国营书店经营的是精神产品,是微利企业,承包基数要实事求是。应该按国家规定,实行“微利企业上交利润定额包干”或“亏损企业减亏(或补贴)包干”。要发挥竞争机制在承包中的作用,试行招标的办法,择优选定经理。小型门市部、书亭和乡镇书店,可以实行集体经营、租赁经营或试行股份经营。不论采取何种承包形式,都必须以经营图书为主业,不能因开展多种经营而削弱图书的发行。
放权、承包,是发行体制改革的必由之路。但在实施的步骤上要因地制宜,不搞“一刀切”,不搞一种模式。各地可以根据当地实际情况进行多种探索和试验。总的要求是,使基层国营书店充满活力,有充分的经营自主权,促进出版发行生产力的发展。
三、放开批发渠道,搞活图书市场
改变单一的封闭式的批发机构,建立多渠道并存的开放式的批发体系,对搞活图书市场起着重要作用。
放开批发渠道,要充分发挥中心城市的作用,在若干大城市建立几个开放的、批零兼营的、为各方面服务的批发中心。可以有几条批发渠道:有新华书店的,有出版社的,也有出版社和新华书店联合的。有条件的集体书店,经省一级出版行政机关批准,也可开展批发业务。
各发行所和省级书店要努力办成全方位开放的经营服务型批发企业,充分发挥它在图书流通中的枢纽作用。批发对象,不分国营、集体、个体;批发范围,不分省内省外;批发形式可以多种多样。省级书店主要做好批发储运工作,同时要为基层书店提供信息、培养人才。市(地)、县新华书店为批零兼营单位,应加强对供销社等各种经济成分售书点的批发业务。
多渠道批发业务的开展,加重了出版社储备图书和重印图书的责任。出版社应优先保证各批发机构的订货需要,继续做好自办批发、零售业务。但批发条件(包括批发时间、批发折扣和批发品种)应与发货店一致,保护产地和销地专营批发机构的积极性。
出版社和国营书店,都要积极扶持集体个体书店和书摊书贩的发展,引导他们多销售好书,在货源上尽可能给以保证。
四、放开购销形式和发行折扣,搞活购销机制
长期形成的征订包销,束缚了基层书店扩大进销的积极性,也束缚了出版社的手脚,这是一般图书订数上不去的症结所在。今后,除党和国家的重要文献、课本教材和内部发行图书继续实行包销外,其他图书可实行经销、寄销等多种形式。寄销是推广方向,应该积极试行。同时,还要推行征订包退、试销、期销、发样订货、看样订货等灵活多样的形式。无论推行何种形式,出版社与发货店都要签定经济合同,严格按合同办事。
与放开购销形式相适应,发行折扣也要放开。固定不变的折扣率,不利于搞活购销,扩大图书订数。今后,实行浮动折扣,折扣率由出版社和发行部门双方自行商定。折扣浮动的原则是:出版社要在原定的包销、经销、寄销折扣的基础上,给发行部门多让一些折扣,让出的折扣主要给基层订货店;读者面窄的学术著作的价格,按规定适当放开,可参照成本订价,其发行折扣可稍多于其他图书的发行折扣;出版社对发货店、发货店对订货店可以试行定额销售承包,超额部分给予奖励折扣。总之,应该运用价值规律,搞活图书进销,缓解供需矛盾。
五、大力发展横向联合
横向联合是社会主义商品经济发展的必然趋势,也是扩展图书市场的客观要求,对于改变多年形成的条块分割、地区封锁,有着重要意义。
图书发行领域中的横向联合,可以创造多种多样形式。在店与店、社与社、社与店之间,社店与其他企业、事业部门之间,可以按照自愿互利的原则,通过投资、参股等办法,联合开办书店、批发中心、图书贸易市场、旧书市场。经批准,也可以组成发行企业集团,在各地建立销售系统。但是,没有取得书刊经营许可证的单位,不得销售书刊。
目前,有些地方采取行政手段实行各种限制,包括硬性规定本省书店必须承担销售本省版图书的比例,不符合放开、搞活的原则,不利于在竞争中提高图书质量,应该纠正。
六、大中城市要重视发展和办好专业书店
随着人民群众知识水平和生产、工作专业化程度的逐步提高,在知识分子密集的大中城市,现有的综合型书店已不能满足读者对专业图书的需要。实践证明,开办专业书店,能使各类专业图书集中,有利于联系专业读者,有利于对口征订发行,有利于促进有价值的学术专著的出版,还有利于图书发行人员的专业化,提高发行工作的质量。因此,各大中城市在办好综合型书店的同时,要根据当地读者的构成状况、科技文化条件,逐步建立不同门类的、品种齐全、备货充足的专业书店。还要大力发展邮购业务,开办邮购书店,邮费由读者负担。
七、大力加强农村和边疆地区的发行工作
随着改革的深入、“星火计划”的实施和乡镇企业的蓬勃兴起,广大农村对科学、技术、文化的要求越来越迫切,特别是大批文化程度较高的农村青年,急需开发智力。边疆地区的工业和科研基地,知识分子密集,急需各种书刊。少数民族地区也迫切需要普及科学文化知识。因此,大力加强农村和边疆少数民族地区的发行工作,是出版发行部门一项极其重要的任务。
在充分发挥农村供销社售书点作用的同时,各地出版发行部门都要努力使自己的发行渠道伸向农村和偏僻边远地区。县新华书店要集中主要力量做好农村发行工作,在有条件的乡镇下设门市部,并积极扶持集体个体书店、书摊、书贩和代销点。乡镇企业是农村发行的重点之一,要充分满足它们的需要,还要满足农村图书室、文化站、科技站和偏僻边远地区工业、科研基地对图书的需要,做好定向发行,千方百计地方便读者。
农村和边疆少数民族地区的图书发行,费用高,困难多。建议各地政府在经济政策上给予照顾和支持;并将发行网点建设纳入精神文明建设规划。有些省、自治区、直辖市对农村售书点免除营业税和所得税,极大地促进了图书下乡,这种作法值得推广。
八、加强对发行工作的领导和宏观管理
改革发行体制,对各级党委宣传部和出版行政机关提出了更高的要求,一定要加强领导,加强宏观管理。
各地党委宣传部要推动和支持出版行政机关充分行使管理职能,以改革总揽全局。要协助他们做好发行体制改革的指导、规划和试点工作,及时总结和推广改革经验,帮助解决改革中出现的困难和问题。要充分运用广播、电视、报刊等舆论手段,宣传发行体制改革的意义和做法,传播图书信息,推荐优秀著作,评介各类书刊,表扬先进的发行单位和发行工作者。
各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版局要在调查研究的基础上,进一步制订和完善出版发行方面的法规和管理措施,会同公安、工商、文化等有关行政部门,运用经济、法律、行政手段,加强对图书市场的管理,坚决依法取缔反动、淫秽的出版物,继续打击非法出版活动。根据我国经济发展战略的要求,进一步改革和加强图书、报、刊的进出口工作。为适应省级书店逐步转变管理职能的新情况,要相应建立、健全发行管理职能机构,加强对发行工作的宏观管理。
发行体制改革能否取得成效,发行工作面貌能否改观,取决于是否有一支坚持社会主义方向、勇于改革开拓、精通业务的发行队伍。因此,要有计划有步骤地抓好发行人员的培训,提高发行队伍的素质。要协助办好高等、中专、技工学校中的图书发行专业,继续办好在职人员的培训班。要改善和提高发行人员的政治、经济待遇。出版社和发行单位在专业技术岗位上的发行人员,可以聘任专业技术职务;其他业务人员的职务聘任办法,另行规定。各地不要将不符合条件的人员安排到书店。调入书店的职工,必须具备高中毕业的文化水平。
为加强发行行业的管理,经批准,可建立地方的以至全国的书刊报发行协会。把发行协会办成民间的、自愿联合的、实行民主管理的群众团体,在认真贯彻党的出版方针、政策,维护行业利益,协调行业内部矛盾等方面发挥积极作用。在集体、个体书店和书摊书贩的管理教育工作中,应更多地发挥发行协会的作用。还要采取各种形式,经常对广大发行工作者进行党在社会主义初级阶段基本路线教育和社会主义发行工作方针任务的教育,使他们充分认识发行工作在两个文明建设中的重要作用,树立社会主义经营思想和职业道德,遵纪守法,全心全意为广大读者服务。

 

One thought on “Provisional Rules on Structural Reform in Book Distribution

    Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    February 16, 2013 at 10:30 am

    […] Provisional Rules on Structural Reform in Book Distribution (1988) […]

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