Concerning Reiterating the Regulations Strictly Prohibiting Obscene Publications

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Our country’s “Criminal Law” and “Public Order Management Regulations” strictly prohibit the production, peddling, sale, rental or transmission of obscene publications, the State Council and relevant department have repeatedly promulgated administrative regulations, banning obscene publications and restricting publications containing a little obscene content. In recent times, some publishing work units have violated regulations, and vied to publish obscene reading materials and reading materials containing a little obscene content, poisoning people’s thoughts, harming the physical and mental health of minors, and inducing crime. In order to strictly enforce law and discipline, protect the physical and mental health of the broad readers and especially youth, safeguard social morals, and persist in constructing a Socialist spiritual civilization, hereby, the following regulations are seriously reiterated as follows:

I, The State Council “Regulations concerning Strictly Prohibiting Obscene Goods” (17 April 1985): books, newspapers and periodicals, manuscripts, video tapes, audio tapes and images “concretely describing sexual acts or undisguisedly propagating sexual and obscene images”, fall under obscene publications, and must be strictly prohibited. “Art works with artistic value having incidental obscene content, fine art works displaying human physical beauty, natural science works relating to human physiology, medical knowledge or other natural science” do not fall under obscene reading materials. For smuggling, producing, selling and organizing broadcasting of obscene goods, where it constitutes a crime, the judiciary organs will punish it according to the law; where it is does not constitute a crime, the controlling entity will impose administrative punishment according to the gravity of the circumstances.”

II, The Ministry of Culture “Notice concerning Implementing the ‘State Council Regulations concerning Strictly Prohibiting Obscene Goods” (20 August 1985) provide: “Publishers must strictly guard the examination gate of publication content. All those falling under concretely describing sexual acts and undisguisedly propagating sexual or lascivious images, may without exception not be published, printed (including reprinted), or distributed, for literature and art works having artistic value, with intermittent sexual content, that may engender harmful influence over minors, only after asking for instructions from the provincial-level or higher controlling department, and approval, is it permitted to arrange publication, and the necessary limitations must be made concerning printing numbers and distribution scope. Fine art works displaying the beauty of the human body, may only be published and distributed under the presupposition of guaranteeing artistic quality. In publications not aimed at fine art specialists but for mass use, naked images should not be printed in concentration, and when publishing knowledge on human physiology or medicine, and other natural science works, no content playing up degeneracy may be included, without exception.

“All printing plants must undertake printing business of books, periodicals, newspapers and other publications according to the above provisions.”

“All State-run, collective or individual bookshops, bookstalls and all other sorts of book, newspaper and periodical sales points are strictly prohibited to sell obscene books, newspapers, periodicals, pictorials, images and other printed goods. All sorts of publications with limited distribution must be strictly distributed according to the provided scope, and this may not be arbitrarily expanded.”

III, Article 170 of the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” provides that: “Those producing or peddling obscene books and obscene images with the aim of profit, are punished with an imprisonment term of three years or less, short detention or surveillance, and a fine may be additionally imposed.” The Supreme People’s Court and the Supreme People’s Procuratorate “Notice Concerning Severely Punishing Illegal Publishing Activities (27 November 1987) provides that: “those where the illegal business or illegal income volume is huge, or circumstances are grave, not only committing the crime of producing or selling pornographic books and pictures, but also committing the crime of speculating and profiteering, shall be punished for the crime of speculating and profiteering”.

IV, The Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Industry and Commerce “Request for Instructions concerning Using Economic Sanction Methods to Strengthen Management over Publications” (approved by the State Council) provides:

“Where publishers violate regulations, and publish books that should be limited without authorization, or exceed the approved printing quantities on their own initiative, the illegal income from the unauthorized publication or quantities added on their own initiative is completely confiscated. Repeat offenders are also fined”.

“Publication of obscene and other banned books and periodicals as well as all sorts of books published by non-publishing work units (including newspaper publishers, magazine publishers and other work units) fall under illegal publications, and may not be sold by any work unit or individual, as soon as these are discovered, the books and periodicals, and the complete illegal income is confiscated. Where circumstances are grave, a fine is also imposed, and the liability of the responsible person is investigated. ”

“Illegal income of printing plants from undertaking the printing of illegal publications is completely confiscated. Where circumstances are grave, a fine is also imposed, and the liability of the responsible person is investigated. ”

In order to implement the above regulations, on the basis of the present circumstances, and with the approval of the State Council, hereby, the following supplementary provisions are made:

I, Obscene publications shall be banned without exception. Public security and judicial organs will severely punish those publishing, printing, peddling, renting or storing obscene publications according to the law, on the basis of laws and regulations, before severe punishment by public security and judicial organs, economic and administrative punishment may be imposed first according to Article 2 of these Supplementary provisions.

II, Those that although they do not fall under obscene publications, but have prominent sexual content and harm the physical and mental health of minors, may without exception not be published, printed, peddled, rented or harboured. If there are violations, the said work unit shall be subject to one or more punishments, including cessation of printing, cessation of sales, confiscation of the complete income, fines, cessation of business for rectification, cancellation of publishing number, periodical number or business licenses. All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publication bureaus are empowered to make punishment decisions against publications and unlawful work units and individuals in their regions, and report them to the Administration of Press and Publications for filing; they may put forward punishment opinions concerning publications outside of their provinces, and report them to the Administration of Press and Publications, which will make a punishment decision; punishment decisions concerning Central first-level publishing work units and unlawful work units or individuals are made by their higher-level controlling work units, and are reported to the Administration of Press and Publications for filing. All localities and all departments that are laggards in making decisions or that make inappropriate decisions, may be  directly or separately punished by the Administration of Press and Publications.

III, If the publication is arranged of literature and art works that, although they have artistic value, contain intermittent obscene content, that engenders a harmful influence on minors, local publishing work units must report the selected topic, print quantity and distribution scope to the provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publications bureau for examination and approval in advance, and report to the Administration of Press and Publications for filing. Central first-level publishing work units must report to the Administration of Press and Publications for examination and approval in advance. If there are violations, the publishing work unit shall be subject to one or more administrative punishments, including confiscation of profit, fines and cessation for rectification. Provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publications make punishment decisions over local publishing work units, and report them to the Administration of Press and Publications for filing; punishment decisions over Central first-level publishing work units are made by the higher-level controlling work units. When necessary, the Administration of Press and Publications may impose punishment directly.

Apart from literary and art works, where other publications have similar problems violating the above provisions, they shall be dealt with according to these Regulations.

Printing, peddling and renting work units and individuals violating the above Regulations, will be punished economically and administratively by provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publications bureaus.

 

关于重申严禁淫秽出版物的规定

 

我国《刑法》和《治安管理条例》严厉禁止制作、贩卖、出售、出租或传播淫

秽出版物;国务院及有关部门曾多次颁布行政法规,查禁淫秽出版物,限制夹杂淫

秽内容的出版物。最近一个时期,有些出版单位违反规定,竞相出版淫秽读物和夹

杂淫秽内容的读物,毒害人们的思想,危害青少年的身心健康,诱发犯罪。为了严

肃法纪,保护广大读者特别是青少年的身心健康,维护社会公德,坚持社会主义精

神文明建设,特郑重重申有关法规如下:

一、国务院《关于严禁淫秽物品的规定》(1985年4月17日):“具体

描写性行为或露骨宣扬色情淫荡形象”的书籍、报刊、抄本、录像带、录音带、图

片,属于淫秽出版物,必须严厉禁止。“夹杂淫秽内容的有艺术价值的文艺作品,

表现人体美的美术作品,有关人体的生理、医学知识和其他自然科学作品”,不属

于淫秽读物。“对于走私、制作、贩卖、组织传播淫秽物品,构成犯罪的,由司法

机关依法惩处;未构成犯罪的,由主管部门根据情节轻重给予行政处分”。

二、文化部《关于贯彻〈国务院关于严禁淫秽物品的规定〉的通知》(198

5年8月20日)规定:“出版社要严格对出版物内容的审查把关。凡属具体描写

性行为和露骨宣扬色情淫荡形象的,一律不得出版、印刷(包括翻印)、发行,有

价值出版的文艺作品,其中夹杂淫秽内容,可能对青少年产生不良影响的,应请示

省以上主管部门批准后方可安排出版,并在印数和发行范围上加以必要的限制。表

现人体美的美术作品,必须在确保艺术质量的前提下方可出版、发行。在非供美术

专业人员使用的群众性出版物上,不宜集中刊登裸体图画,出版有关人体的生理、

医学知识和其他自然科学作品,一律不得有渲染性技巧之类的内容。

“所有印刷厂必须按以上规定承接书刊、报纸等出版物的印刷业务”。

“所有国营、集体、个体书店、书摊及其他各类图书、报刊的销售点,严禁出

售淫秽书籍、报刊、画册、图片等印刷品。对限制发行的各类出版物,要严格按照

规定范围发行,不得任意扩大”。

三、《中华人民共和国刑法》第一百七十条规定:“以营利为目的,制作、贩

卖淫书、淫画的,处3年以下有期徒刑、拘役或者管制,可以并处罚金。”最高人

民法院和最高人民检察院《关于依法严惩非法出版犯罪活动通知》(1987年1

1月27日)规定:“非法经营或者非法获利的数额巨大或情节严重的,不仅触犯

了制作、贩卖淫书淫画罪,也触犯了投机倒把罪,应以投机倒把罪论处”。

四、文化部、财政部、工商行政管理局1985年8月29日《关于利用经济

制裁手段加强出版管理的请示》(经国务院批准)规定:

“出版社违反规定,擅自出版应当限制的图书,或超出批准的印数自行追加印

数,其擅自出版或自行追加部分所得的非法收入,全部没收。重犯的并处以罚款”

“出版淫秽等违禁书刊以及非出版单位(含报社、杂志社和其他单位)出版的

各类图书,属于非法出版物,不准任何单位或个人经销,一经发现,其书刊和全部

非法所得予以没收。情节严重的,并处以罚款,追究负责人的责任”。

“印刷厂承印非法出版物的非法所得全部没收。情节严重的,并处以罚款,追

究单位领导人的责任”。

为了贯彻执行上述法规,根据当前情况,经国务院批准,特作如下补充规定:

一、淫秽出版物应一律查禁。对出版、印制、贩卖、出租、存放淫秽出版物者

,根据法律规定,应由公安、司法机关依法惩处,在公安、司法机关惩处之前,可

先按此文补充规定第二条给予经济的、行政的处罚。

二、虽不属淫秽出版物,但是色情内容突出,毒害青少年身心健康的,一律不

得出版、印制、贩卖、出租、窝藏。如有违反,应给予该单位一项或几项处罚,包

括停印、停售、没收所得全部收入、罚款、停业整顿、吊销社号刊号或营业执照。

各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版局有权对本地区的出版物和违法单位与个人作出处

理决定,报新闻出版署备案;对外省的出版物可提出处理意见,报新闻出版署作出

决定;对中央一级出版单位的出版物和违法单位及个人,由其上级主管单位作出处

理决定,报新闻出版署备案。各地方或各部门迟迟不作处理或处理不当的,新闻出

版署可以直接或另行处理。

三、对虽有艺术价值但夹杂淫秽内容,对青少年产生不良影响的文艺作品如果

安排出版,地方出版单位必须事先将选题、印数和发行范围上报省、自治区、直辖

市新闻出版局审核批准,并报新闻出版署备案。中央一级出版单位必须事先报新闻

出版署审核批准。如有违反,应给出版单位以一项或几项行政处罚,包括没收所得

利润、罚款、停业整顿。对地方出版单位的处罚决定,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻

出版局作出,报新闻出版署备案;对中央一级出版单位的处罚决定,由其上级主管

单位作出。必要时新闻出版署可以直接处理。

除文艺作品外,其他出版物有违反上述规定的类似问题的,参照此条规定办理

印制、贩卖、出租单位和个人违反上述规定的,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出

版局给予经济的、行政的处罚。

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