Provisional Regulations concerning Appraisal Standards for Some Publications that Should Be Banned

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Administration of Press and Publications, 3 November 1989

The “Notice concerning Rectifying and Cleaning Up the Book, Newspaper, Periodical and Audiovisual Markets and Strictly Attacking Criminal Activities” promulgated on 16 September 1989 by the CCP Central Committee Secretariat and the State Council Secretariat clearly provides:

“All books, newspapers, periodicals and audiovisual products falling under one of the following categories are banned without exception: propagating bourgeois liberalization or other reactionary content; having grave political errors; having obscenity or sex; having intermittent obscene or sexual content being vulgar or philistine, or damaging the physical and mental health of minors; propagating feudal superstition, murder or violence; where the cover, illustrations, advertising or other publicity material contains the above problems; illegally published books, newspapers, periodicals or audiovisual products”. On the basis of this, in order to smoothly conduct the work to rectify and clean up the book, newspaper, periodical and audiovisual markets, hereby, the following concrete provisions on appraisal standards for some publications that should be banned are made:

I, Publications with “intermittent obscene or sexual content, that are vulgar or philistine, and harmful to the physical and mental health of minors” (simply named “publications with intermittent obscene content”) refers to publications that cannot be determined as being obscene or sexual publications, but has one of the following circumstances, is vulgar or philistine, impairs social morals, lacks artistic value or scientific value, where open display or reading may engender harm to the physical or mental health of common people and especially minors, and publications that even induce minors to commit crime:

1. Describing sexual acts, sexual feelings, striving to display reproductive organs that may lead to an unhealthy mentality among minors;

2. propagating sexual openness or sexual liberation concepts;

3. concretely describing degenerate and corrupt acts, sufficient to cause minors to imitate them;

4. concretely describing the details of rape, adultery, promiscuity and prostitution;

5. concretely describing illnesses related to sexual acts, such as syphilis, gonorrhoea, AIDS, etc., that may cause disgust with common people;

6. other publishing of lewd storylines, that cause disgust with common people or are hard for them to condone.

II, Publications “propagating feudal superstition”, refers to publications that violate science, violate ration and propagate ignorant superstition, apart from religious publications published conform to State provisions:

1. having fortune telling, physiognomy, feng shui or divination as the main content;

2. propagating seeking divine advice, treating illness through exorcism, physiognomy as well as other dissemination of superstitious rumours or incredible information, sufficient to confuse and poison people’s minds and upset social order.

III, Publications propagating “murder and violence” refers to publications that describe murder and other criminal activities or violent acts in a harmful method, sufficient to incite crime, and destroy public order.

1. describing criminal matters, sufficient to lewd minors to sympathize with  or appreciate criminals;

2. describing acts of criminals trampling the law, instigating people to scorn the dignity of the law;

3. describing criminal methods or details, that may induce or encourage persons to imitate criminal activities;

4. describing brutal acts or violent acts that are odd and incredible, or are contrary to human nature, that may cause the common person to feel fear, and may create psychological harm in minors;

5. positively affirming robbery, theft, fraud and other concrete criminal acts.

关于部分应取缔出版物认定标准的暂行规定

新闻出版署1989年11月3日发布

中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅于1989年9月16日发布的《关于整顿、清理书报刊和音像市场严厉打击犯罪活动的通知》明确规定:

“凡属于下列范围的书报刊和音像制品一律取缔:宣扬资产阶级自由化或其他内容反动的;有严重政治错误的;淫秽色情的;夹杂淫秽色情内容、低级庸俗、有害于青少年身心健康的;宣传封建迷信、凶杀暴力的;封面、插图、广告及其他宣传品存在上述问题的;非法出版的书报刊和音像制品。”据此,为使整顿、清理书报刊和音像市场工作的顺利进行,现对部分应取缔的出版物的认定标准作如下具体规定:

一、“夹杂淫秽色情内容、低级庸俗、有害于青少年身心健康的”出版物(简称“夹杂淫秽内容的出版物”),是指尚不能定性为淫秽、色情出版物,但具有下列内容之一,低级庸俗,妨害社会公德,缺乏艺术价值或者科学价值,公开展示或阅读会对普通人特别是青少年身心健康产生危害,甚至诱发青少年犯罪的出版物:

1.描写性行为、性心理,着力表现生殖器官,会使青少年产生不健康意识的;

2.宣传性开放、性自由观念的;

3.具体描写腐化堕落行为,足以导致青少年仿效的;

4.具体描写诱奸、通奸、淫乱、卖淫的细节的;

5.具体描写与性行为有关的疾病,如梅毒、淋病、爱滋病等,令普通人厌恶的;

6.其他刊载的猥亵情节,令普通人厌恶或难以容忍的。

二、“宣扬封建迷信”的出版物,是指除符合国家规定出版的宗教出版物外,其他违反科学、违反理性,宣扬愚昧迷信的出版物:

1.以看相、算命、看风水、占卜为主要内容的;

2.宣扬求神问卜、驱鬼治病、算命相面以及其他传播迷信谣言、荒诞信息,足以蛊惑人心,扰乱公共秩序的。

三、宣扬“凶杀暴力”的出版物,是指以有害方式描述凶杀等犯罪活动或暴力行为,足以诱发犯罪,破坏社会治安的出版物:

1.描写罪犯形象,足以引起青少年对罪犯同情或赞赏的;

2.描述罪犯践踏法律的行为,唆使人们蔑视法律尊严的;

3.描述犯罪方法或细节,会诱发或鼓动人们模仿犯罪行为的;

4.描述离奇荒诞、有悖人性的残酷行为或暴力行为,令普通人感到恐怖、会对青少年造成心理伤害的;

5.正面肯定抢劫、偷窃、诈骗等具有犯罪性质的行为的。

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