Provisional Regulations concerning Strengthening Management over Collective, Individual and Privately-Run Bookstores (Stalls)

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Administration of Press and Publications, State Administration of Industry and Commerce

25 November 1989

In order to implement relevant State principles, policies and regulations, further strengthen management over collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls), let the cultural market flourish and stimulate the construction of a Socialist spiritual civilization, the following provisions are made:

I, All localities’ administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management organs must strengthen management over collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls), supervise collective, individual and privately-run bookstore (stall) managers in earnestly implementing State regulations concerning the distribution of books and periodicals, encourage and support them in distributing more good books, pay attention to social effect, and protect their lawful rights and interests.

II, All levels’ Xinhua bookstores and the distribution organs of book and periodical publishers must care for and foster the development of collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls), give the necessary help and guidance for their book and periodical distribution business, satisfy their demands in matters of supply as much as possible, and guide them to distribute healthy and beneficial books and periodicals.

III, When opening a collective, individual or privately-run bookstore (stall), an application must be made with the county-level press and publications or cultural management organ, after examination, verification and agreement, registration must be applied for with the local administrative industry and commerce management organ, business may only commence after issuance of a business licence.

IV, Individual or privately-run bookstores (stalls) may, without exception, not engage in book or periodical (including wall calendars, pictorials, postcards) wholesale activities, and can only launch retail activities according to relevant regulations.

V, Collective bookstores engaging in second-level wholesale activities (referring to reselling books purchased from State-run bookstores, book and periodical publishers) must meet the following conditions:

(1) Having a controlling department that is able to bear economic responsibility.

(2) Having sufficient operating funds. Operating fund values must be suited to the business scale and distribution scope, and there generally should be 100.000 Yuan or more in self-owned operating funds.

(3) Having a certain number of specialist distribution personnel suited to launching wholesale activities. Specialist personnel must have a schooling record of senior middle school or technical middle school or higher, and have obtained basic-level or higher technological qualifications, or have worked in book and periodical distribution for three years or more. Other employees must also have cultural levels of  lower middle school or higher.

(4) Having fixed business premises and the required facilities (including storerooms, warehousing facilities and transportation tools).

(5) Having healthy asset management systems.

VI, Collective bookstores meeting the above conditions, which engage in second-level wholesale activities must undergo examination and verification by the local press and publications or cultural management organ, report to the provincial-level press and publications bureau for approval, be issued with a book and periodical wholesale permit, and apply for registration on the basis of the permit with the local administrative industry and commerce management organ, business may only commence after obtaining the business licence. The examination and verification formalities for collective bookstores setting up branch stores or agency stations across regions are the same as for setting up a new bookstore.

VII, All localities’ administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management departments must strictly keep the gate in examining and approving collective bookstores’ engaging in wholesale activities, and must, under equal circumstances, give priority consideration to approving those collective bookstores that have many years of retail activity experience, have an upright management ideology, observe discipline and abide by the law, and have a good reputation to launch wholesale activities.

VIII, Collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls) must abide by the following regulations:

(1) They may not trade in imported books and periodicals, Hong Kong, Macau or Taiwan books and periodicals and books and periodicals that are limited to “internal distribution. ”

(2) They may not trade in publications which the State has ordered to be banned and other illegal publications.

(3) They may not conduct rent-type stock production and agency publishing business (for example printing and distribution agency, cover production agency, advertising, illustration and compilation solicitation, etc.), they may also not “buy” book (periodical) numbers from book or periodical publishers under the name of “cooperative publishing”.

(4) They may not contract general book and periodical wholesale (general distribution) with book or periodical publishers.

(5) They may not, in any form, wholesale works by Party and State leaders, important documents, political theory books that Party and government have uniformly provided for study, primary and secondary school textbooks and technical school teaching materials, for which the Xinhua bookstores are sole agents, as well as other sorts of books and periodicals of which the State press and publications management organ has provided that collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls) cannot trade in them.

(6) Collective bookstores engaging in wholesale activities must, every quarter, report a form of purchased, sold and stored books, newspapers and periodicals (including titles, quantities, value, discount, publishing work unit, wholesale work unit and other matters) to the local (provincial, district) press and publications or cultural management organ.

(7) The book and periodical wholesale permit and business licence must be hung at the same time in the business premises, they may not be directly or covertly lent, rented out, transferred, bought or sold in any form.

(8) Business must be civilized, book and periodical propaganda may not be conducted with unhealthy, seductive or fraudulent texts, images or advertising.

(9) It is not permitted to raise prices or force the tied sale of books and periodicals.

IX, All localities’ administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management departments should, on the basis of the conditions for business establishment and the trading requirements listed in these Regulations, conduct a one-time examination, verification and registration of collective bookstores that had been approved to engage in wholesale activities before the issuance of these Regulations again, and they may only continue to engage in book and periodical wholesale activities after approval by the provincial-level press and publications bureau; all those not meeting conditions may not continue to engage in book and periodical wholesale activities.

X, Where all distribution departments of book and periodical publishers and State-run bookstores, when launching wholesale activities for collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls), violate these Regulations, and wholesale books and periodicals that should not be traded by collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls) to collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls), the administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management organs have the power to confiscate these books. The economic damage resulting from this is borne by the book or periodical publisher or State-run bookstore wholesaling these books and periodicals.

XI, All collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls) shall abide by State laws and relevant regulations, persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, consciously accept the management and inspection of administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management organs, have upright business ideologies, focus on social effect, observe discipline and abide by the law, and pay taxation on time.

XII, All localities’ administrative press and publications, culture, and industry and commerce management organs must forcefully commend and reward those collective, individual and privately-run bookstores (stalls) that do honest business, observe discipline and abide by the law, and stress professional ethics.

XIII, All those violating these Regulations will be subject to administrative punishment in consideration of the gravity of the circumstances:

(2) Those violating Article 4 of these Regulations, will have their business licence revoked by the administrative industry and commerce organ.

(2) Those violating Articles 3, 6 or 8 of these Regulations may respectively be subject to a warning, confiscation of books and periodicals, confiscation of illegal income, a fine, cessation of business for rectification, up to the cancellation of book and periodical wholesale certificates and cancellation of business licence, in view of the gravity of the circumstances, by the administrative press and publications, culture, or industry and commerce management organs on the basis of their scope of powers.

XIV, Of those violating Article 8 of these Regulations, where circumstances are grave and constitute a crime, the judicial organs prosecute criminal responsibility according to the law.

XV, These Regulations take effect on the date of promulgation.

关于加强集体、个体、私营书店(摊)管理的暂行规定

1989年11月25日,新闻出版署、国家工商局

为了贯彻国家有关方针、政策和法规,进一步加强对集体、个体、私营书店(摊)的管理,繁荣文化市场,促进社会主义精神文明建设,特作如下规定:
一、各地新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关要加强对集体、个体、私营书店(摊)的管理,监督集体、个体、私营书店(摊)经营者认真执行国家有关书刊发行的规定,鼓励、支持他们多发好书,讲求社会效益,并保护他们的合法权益。
二、各地新华书店和出版社、期刊社的发行部门要关心和扶植集体、个体、私营书店(摊)的发展,对其书刊发行业务给予必要的帮助和指导,在货源上尽量满足其需求,引导他们发行健康有益的书刊。
三、开办集体、个体、私营书店(摊)必须向县级新闻出版或文化管理机关申请,由其审核同意后,再向所在地工商行政管理机关申请登记,经核发营业执照后,方可营业。
四、个体、私营书店(摊)一律不准经营图书、期刊(包括挂历、画册、明信片)的批发业务,只能按有关规定开展零售业务。
五、集体书店经营二级批发业务(指从国营书店、出版社、期刊社批进书刊进行转批),必须具备下列条件:
(一)有能够承担经济责任的主管部门。
(二)有足够的流动资金。流动资金金额须与其经营规模、发行范围相适应,一般应有10万元以上的自有流动资金。
(三)有与开展批发业务相适应的一定数量的发行专业人员。专业人员须具有高中或中专以上学历,并取得初级以上技术职称或从事书刊发行工作3年以上。其他从业人员也须具备初中或初中以上文化程度。
(四)有固定的经营场所和必需的设备(包括店堂、仓储设备和交通运输工具)。
(五)有健全的财务管理制度。
六、具备以上条件的集体书店经营二级批发业务,必须经当地新闻出版或文化管理机关审核,报省级新闻出版局批准,发给书刊批发许可证,持证向所在地工商行政管理机关申请登记,领取营业执照后,方可经营。集体书店跨地区开办分店或代办站,其申报、审核手续与在当地新开办书店相同。
七、各地新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关对集体书店经营批发业务的审批,要严格把关,在同等条件下,要优先考虑审批那些有多年零售业务经验,且经营思想端正,遵纪守法,信誉好的集体书店开展批发业务。
八、集体、个体、私营书店(摊)必须遵守下列规定:
(一)不得经营进口书刊、港澳台书刊和限定“内部发行”的书刊。
(二)不得经营国家明令禁止的出版物和其他非法出版物。
(三)不得办理租型造货和代理出版业务(如代印代发,代制封面、广告、插图和编印征订单等),不得以“协作出版”为名,向出版社(期刊社)“买”书(刊)号。
(四)不得向出版社和期刊社承揽书刊的总批发(总发行)。
(五)不得以任何形式批发由新华书店包销的党和国家领导人著作、重要文献、党和政府统一规定学习的政治理论书籍、中小学课本和大中专教材,以及国家新闻出版管理机关规定集体、个体、私营书店(摊)不能经营的其他类书刊。
(六)经营批发业务的集体书店须每季度向所在地(市、州)新闻出版或文化管理机关报送进销、存书刊报表(含品种、数量、金额、折扣、出版单位、批发单位等项)。
(七)书刊批发许可证和营业执照须同时在营业地点张挂,不得以任何形式直接或变相转借、出租、转让和买卖。
(八)要文明经营,不得以不健康、蛊惑性、欺骗性的文字、图画、广告进行书刊的宣传。
(九)不准加价或强行搭售书刊。
九、各地新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关应根据本规定所列的开业条件和经营要求,对本规定下达之前已批准的经营批发业务的集体书店重新进行一次审核登记,经省级新闻出版局批准后,方可继续经营书刊批发业务;凡不符合条件者,不得再经营书刊批发业务。
十、各出版社、期刊社的发行部门和国营书店对集体、个体、私营书店(摊)开展批发业务时,凡违反本规定,将不应由集体、个体、私营书店(摊)经营的书刊批发给集体、个体、私营书店(摊)的,新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关有权没收这些书刊。由此造成的经济损失由批发这些书刊的出版社、期刊社或国营书店负担。
十一、各集体、个体、私营书店(摊)均应遵守国家法律和有关规定,坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向,自觉接受新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关的管理、监督和检查,端正经营思想,注重社会效益,遵纪守法,按时缴纳税款。
十二、各地新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关要大力表彰和奖励那些诚实经营、遵纪守法、讲求职业道德的集体、个体、私营书店(摊)。
十三、凡违反本规定者,视情节轻重给予行政处罚:
(一)对违反本规定第四条者,由工商行政管理机关吊销其营业执照。
(二)对违反本规定第三、六、八条者,可由新闻出版、文化和工商行政管理机关根据各自的权限,视其情节轻重,分别予以警告、没收书刊、没收非法所得、罚款、停业整顿,直至吊销书刊批发许可证、吊销营业执照。
十四、对违反本规定第八条情节严重构成犯罪的,由司法机关依法追究其刑事责任。
十五、本规定自发布之日起执行。

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