Regulations concerning Concretely Applicable Law in Adjudicating Criminal Cases on Obscene Goods

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6 July 1990

Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate

In order to accurately and powerfully attack crimes of producing, peddling, disseminating or smuggling obscene goods, hereby the following Regulations are made concerning the question of how to concretely apply the law when adjudicating criminal cases on obscene goods at present:

I, Of those producing, peddling or distributing obscene goods with the aim of profit, where one of the following circumstances is present, criminal liability will be prosecuted according to the provisions of Article 170 of the Criminal Law:

(1) producing five to ten or more boxes of obscene videotapes, ten to twenty or more boxes of obscene audiotapes, ten to twenty or more packages (volumes) of obscene playing cadres, books or pictorials, or fifty to one hundred or more obscene photos or images;

(2) peddling ten to twenty or more boxes of obscene video tapes, twenty to forty or more boxes of obscene audio tapes, twenty to forty or more packages (volumes) of obscene playing cadres, books or pictorials, or one hundred to two hundred or more obscene photos or images;

(3) disseminating obscene goods to other persons more than twenty-five to fifty times or more, or organizing the screening of obscene films or videos three to six times or more;

(4) producing, peddling or distributing obscene goods and gaining fifty to one thousand Yuan or more.

II, Those having one of the following acts of producing or peddling obscene goods with the aim of profit, and do not only commit the crime of producing or peddling obscene books or pictures, but have also committed the crime of speculation and profiteering, are punished for the crime of speculation and profiteering according to the provisions of Article 118 of the Criminal Law.

(1) producing twenty-five to fifty or more boxes of obscene video tapes, fifty to one hundred or more boxes of obscene audio tapes, fifty to one hundred or more packages (volumes) of obscene playing cadres, books or pictorials, or two hundred and fifty to five hundred or more obscene photos or images;

(2) peddling fifty to one hundred or more boxes of obscene video tapes, one hundred to two hundred or more boxes of obscene audio tapes, one hundred to two hundred or more packages (volumes) of obscene playing cadres, books or pictorials, or five hundred to one thousand or more obscene photos or images;

(3) the illegal business value being fifteen thousand Yuan to thirty thousand Yuan or more, or illegal gains of five thousand Yuan to ten thousand Yuan or more.

Those producing or peddling obscene goods with the aim of profit, where the quantities (amounts) reach ten times or more the quantities (values) provided in the previous Paragraph, or have other especially grave circumstances, may be punished using the provisions of Article 1 Clause (1) of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Strictly Punishing Grave Crimes Destroying the Economy”.

III, Of those producing or peddling obscene goods, where one of the following circumstances are present, criminal liability is prosecuted according to the provisions of Article 160 of the Criminal Law:

(1) using obscene goods to instigate or seduce other persons to commit hooligan or criminal activities;

(2)  the main culprit in using obscene goods to assemble a crowd and commit promiscuous activities or to humiliate or behave lewdly towards women, with vile circumstances;

(3) regularly disseminating obscene goods into society, with grave harm;

(4) using obscene goods to commit other hooligan or criminal activities.

Criminal cases where criminal responsibility is investigated for the crime of hooliganism, with especially grave harm, may be punished using the provisions of Article 1 Clause (1) of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decisions concerning Strictly Punishing Criminals Gravely Endangering Public Order”.

IV, Those smuggling five to ten or more boxes of obscene video tapes, ten to twenty or more boxes of obscene audio tapes, ten to twenty or more packages (volumes) of obscene playing cadres, books or pictorials, or fifty to one hundred or more obscene photos or images; may be considered as having the aim of profit or the aim of dissemination, and their criminal liability is to be prosecuted using the provisions of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Supplementary Provisions concerning Strictly Punishing the Crime of Smuggling”.

V, Where enterprise and undertaking work units, organs or groups smuggle obscene goods, criminal responsibility is prosecuted using the provisions of Article 5 of the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Supplementary Provisions concerning Strictly Punishing the Crime of Smuggling”; where obscene goods are produced or peddled for with commercial aim, the illegal business value reaches one hundred fifty thousand Yuan or three hundred thousand Yuan, or the illegal gain value reaches fifty thousand Yuan or to one hundred thousand Yuan, the criminal liability of the directly responsible controlling personnel and other directly responsible personnel is investigated using the crime of speculation and profiteering.

VI, All provincial, autonomous region and municipal higher-level People’s Courts and People’s Procuratorates may, on the basis of the situation in their localities, formulate quantity (value) standards implemented in their locality, according to the quantity (value) standards formulated in these Regulations, and report them to the Supreme People’s Court and Supreme People’s Procuratorate for filing.

VII, On those producing, peddling, distributing or smuggling obscene goods where quantities (values) reach the standards provided in Articles 1 and 4 but where circumstances are notably light, administrative organs may impose administrative punishment according to the law; where quantities (values) do not reach the standards provided, but circumstances are grave and it constitutes a crime, judicial organs impose punishment according to the law.

VIII, Cases on obscene goods accepted by judicial organs, shall have an obscene good statements and the necessary objects and pictures drawn up by the public security organs, as well as appraisal letters provided by appraisal departments. If the People’s Court or People’s Procuratorate believes the appraisal conclusion requires review, the main case-handling personnel may, with the respective permission of the People’s Court head or the People’s Procuratorate head, go to the appraisal department for review.

IX, The meaning of the following terms used in these Regulations is:

(1) “obscene goods” refers to audio, video, book, image and other products propagating sex;

(2) “producing” refers to manufacture, recording, reproducing, compiling, painting, publishing, printing, film production, film development, photo reproduction and other acts;

(3) “peddling” refers to selling, distribution and other activities;

(4) “dissemination” refers to broadcasting, renting, lending, transport, carrying and other activities.

X, These Regulations take effect on the date of promulgation. After these Regulations take effect, these Regulations are applicable in all criminal cases on obscene goods that are currently being handled.

 

关于办理淫秽物品刑事案件具体应用法律的规定

 

1990年7月6日,最高人民法院、最高检察院

 

为了准确、有力地打击制作、贩卖、传播、走私淫秽物品的犯罪,现对当前办理有关淫秽物品刑事案件如何具体应用法律的问题规定如下:

一、以营利为目的,制作、贩卖、传播淫秽物品,有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第一百七十条的规定追究刑事责任:

(一)制作淫秽录像带5-10盒以上,淫秽录音带10-20盒以上,淫秽扑克、书刊、画册10-20副(册)以上,或者淫秽照片、画片50-100张以上的;

(二)贩卖淫秽录像带10-20盒以上,淫秽录音带20-40盒以上,淫秽扑克、书刊、画册20-40副(册)以上,或者淫秽照片、画片100-200张以上的;

(三)向他人传播淫秽物品达25-50人次以上,或者组织播放淫秽影、像3-6场次以上的;

(四)制作、贩卖、传播淫秽物品,获利50-1000元以上的。

二、以营利为目的,有下列制作、贩卖淫秽物品行为之一的,不仅触犯了制作、贩卖淫书淫画罪,也触犯了投机倒把罪,以刑法第一百一十八条规定的投机倒把罪论处:

 

 

(一)制作淫秽录像带25-50盒以上,淫秽录音带50-100盒以上,淫秽扑克、书刊、画册50-100副(册)以上,或者淫秽照片、画片250-500张以上的;

(二)贩卖淫秽录像带50-100盒以上,淫秽录音带100-200盒以上,淫秽扑克、书刊、画册100-200副(册)以上,或者淫秽照片、画片500-1000张以上的;

(三)非法经营数额在1.5万元至3万元以上,或者非法获利数额在5000元至1万元以上的。

对于以营利为目的,制作、贩卖淫秽物品,其数量(数额)达到前款规定的数量(数额)10倍以上,或者具有其他特别严重情节的,可以适用《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于严惩严重破坏经济的罪犯的决定》第一条第(一)项的规定处罚。

三、制作、传播淫秽物品,有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第一百六十条的规定追究刑事责任:

(一)利用淫秽物品教唆、引诱他人进行流氓犯罪活动的;

(二)利用淫秽物品聚众进行淫乱活动的主犯或者侮辱、猥亵妇女情节恶劣的;

(三)在社会上经常传播淫秽物品,危害严重的;

(四)利用淫秽物品进行其他流氓犯罪活动的。

前款按流氓罪追究刑事责任的案件,危害特别严重的,可以适用《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于严惩严重危害社会治安的犯罪分子的决定》第一条第(一)项的规定惩处。

四、走私淫秽录像带5-10盒以上,淫秽录音带10-20盒以上,淫秽扑克、书刊、画册10-20副(册)以上,或者淫秽照片、画片50-100张以上的,可以认为是以牟利或者传播为目的,适用《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于惩治走私罪的补充规定》第三条的规定追究刑事责任。

五、企业事业单位、机关、团体走私淫秽物品的,适用《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于惩治走私罪的补充规定》第五条的规定,追究刑事责任;以营利为目的,制作、贩卖淫秽物品,非法经营数额达到15万元至30万元,或者非法获利数额达到5万元至10万元的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,以投机倒把罪追究刑事责任。

六、各省、自治区、直辖市高级人民法院、人民检察院,可以根据本地区情况,按照本规定确定的有关数量(数额)标准制定本地区执行的数量(数额)标准,并报最高人民法院和最高人民检察院备案。

七、对于制作、贩卖、传播、走私淫秽物品数量(数额)达到本规定第一、四条确定的标准而情节显著轻微的,可以由行政机关依法作行政处理;对于虽未达到规定的数量(数额)标准,但是危害严重,构成犯罪的,由司法机关依法处理。

八、司法机关受理的淫秽物品案件,应有公安机关开具的淫秽物品清单和必要的实物照片,以及鉴定部门出具的鉴定书。如果人民法院或者人民检察院对鉴定结论认为需要复核时,可以分别经人民法院院长或者人民检察院检察长批准,由主要办案人员到鉴定部门进行复核。

九、本规定下列用语的含意是:

(一)“淫秽物品”是指诲淫性的音、像、书、画等制品;

(二)“制作”是指生产、录制、复制、编著、绘画、出版、印刷、摄制、洗印、翻拍等行为;

(三)“贩卖”是指销售、发行等行为;

(四)“传播”是指播放、出租、出借、运输、携带等行为。

十、本规定自发布之日起施行。本规定施行后,正在办理的淫秽物品刑事案件,适用本规定。

 

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