Report Concerning Some Economic Policy Opinions for Cultural Undertakings

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State Council:

Since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, our country’s cultural undertakings have seen relatively quick recovery and development, and have adapted to a certain extent to the popular masses’ incessantly increasing culture life needs, and have engendered a desirable influence at home and abroad. But, because of being subject to State financial resource constraints and a number of other factors, the poor foundations and lacking facilities that exist for a long time in our country’s culture undertakings, and the situation of no adaptation to economic development, has not yet been basically changed.

In order to make socialist culture undertakings flourish and develop, realistically resolve the question of material civilization and spiritual civilization construction “one hand hard, one hand soft”, implement the spirit of the 3rd plenum of the 11th Party Congress concerning “the Centre and the localities must all bring spiritual civilization construction into economic and social development plans, and progressively expand the necessary inputs”, as well as the requirements concerning “the necessity to continuously, vigorously and reliably conduct all sorts of cultural management structure reform, earnestly research formulation of economic policies stimulating cultural undertaking development in the “People’s Republic of China Ten-Year Programme and Outline of the Eighth Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development” passed at the 4th Plenum of the 7th National People’s Congress, at the same time as deepening cultural management system reform and strengthening internal management, all levels’ governments and relevant entities must give support and guarantees in policies, in order bring about coordinated development of cultural undertakings with economic construction.

To this end, concerning the present questions relating to cultural economic policies that urgently need to be resolved, after consultation with relevant entities such as the National Planning Commission, the Ministry of Finances, the Ministry of Personnel, the Ministry of Construction, the General Administration of Customs, etc., the following opinions are put forward:

 

I, All levels’ governments must genuinely make cultural undertakings into an important aspect of socialist spiritual civilization construction, give it high regard in their thoughts, expand guidance in their policies, and give support in finances. It is necessary to expand cultural undertaking funding input year after year, progressively reform the situation of tight cultural funding, provide the necessary material conditions for carrying forward excellent ethnic culture, and make socialist art and culture flourish.

 

II, All levels’ culture entities must formulate and perfect all management systems, coordinate with relevant entities in formulating cultural economic policies conforming to the real situation of those regions, strengthen team construction and financial management, pay attention to business management, incessantly raise management levels. It is necessary to carry on the fine tradition of running undertakings in a hardworking and thrifty manner, reasonably adjust cultural funding support structures, excavate internal potential, within the scope permitted by State policies, fully utilize the present human power, material resources and financial resources, vigorously and reasonable organize income, strengthen autonomous development capacity, reasonably use undertaking funding, raise the utilization effect of funds.

 

III, All levels’ governments must bring cultural facility construction into their agendas, and realistically make arrangements. It is necessary to bring the indispensible cultural entertainment facility construction required by the masses into general planning for town and country establishment, with reasonable distribution and uniform construction. In the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, it is necessary to strive to achieve that every county has a library and a culture centre and that all villages have a culture station. All localities constructing residential communities, must strictly according to the municipal planning requirements, comprehensively plan cultural entertainment activity venues, and implement synchronized construction. Small-district non-commercial culture facility input may be listed in residential community construction investment.

 

IV, It is necessary to suitably expand basic construction investment for culture undertakings. Provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and plan-listed cities meeting conditions, shall every year have a certain basic culture construction investment amount and following the improvement of the economic situation, progressively expand investment in this aspect, making it maintain a suitable expansion proportion with investment in material civilization construction aspects. All levels’ planning entities shall not consider culture construction projects put forward as necessary constructions by local culture controlling authorities as “large halls or guest houses” and subject to constraints, but shall as far as possible grant support, and arrange implementation of investment in the annual planning. During the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, art performance troupes that went through adjusting and reforming, under the presupposition of fully utilizing all presently existing social venues suitable for performance, must progressively construct their own performance venues with regard to the local financial situation.

 

V, At present, the problem that all localities’ presently existing theatres and cinemas are gravely old and shabby is utterly prominent, it is necessary to grasp conducting of maintenance and renovation, strengthen equipment, improve conditions. Required funding, apart from certain maintenance costs arranged annually by all levels’ financial entities, authorized to cultural entities for uniform control and use, it is also permitted to adopt other methods to raise money, such as cinema ticket prive attachments and collecting from “making culture subsidize culture” income after tax. Concrete rules on raising money and bonuses, are formulated by all localities’ culture entities on the basis of the real situation, and are implemented after being reported to and reported by State-stipulated entities that have authorization powers.

 

VI, Realistically resolving the problem of all levels’ public library book-buying funding being tight. All levels’ finance entities shall in consultation with the culture entity of the same level, according to circumstances such as libraries’ scale, personnel allotment, book collection, etc., check and ratify their expenses budget, and shall indicate book-buying funds, and implement that special finds are used for their specific purpose. When checking and ratifying regular funding and book-buying funding, it is necessary to both strictly control personnel allotments, avoid personnel fees to overrun professional fees, and to fully consider extra support factors such as for salary, commodity price and periodical price increases as well as foreign exchange raises, and increase them year after year.

 

VII, It is necessary to continuously implement rectification and reform policies, reasonably adjust distribution and reduce superfluous staff of art performance troupes. It is necessary to give the necessary support to art performance troupes determined to be preserved after rectification. It is necessary to earnestly implement the Ministry of Culture and Ministry of Finance jointly-issued “Provisional Rules on Art Performance Troupes Financial Management” (CCN No. (1986)1227). All levels’ financial entities and cultural controlling authorities, when checking and ratifying that there is a discrepancy in their funding, must look after troupes having experimental tasks, troupes serving minors, ethnic minority troupes, and song-and-dance troupes (teams), some ancient or rare art products that have strong artistic traditions and relatively high artistic levels, troupes (teams) that rehearse and perform programmes reflecting real life and major themes. It is necessary to according to financial resource capability, strive to arrange and independently organize and report budgeting, and provide earmarked subsidy for all sorts of troupes’ large-scale renovation and equipment purchase outlays. For fees for retired personnel, a single file is implemented, with special funds for special use. For dance, acrobatics and acrobatic fighting performers and wind music performers, an “Art Category Subsidy” is issued monthly. In order to encourage many performances, to troupes exceeding their quota of completed performance numbers and income planning, “Quota Exceeding Subsidies” may be given according to regulations. Concrete rules for issuing subsidies are formulated by all provincial, autonomous region and municipal finance and culture entities jointly with relevant entities.

 

VIII, In order to make theatrical art flourish, support must be given to the creation, rehearsal and performance of excellent programmes (shows) persisting in the orientation of serving the people and serving socialism, implementing the guideline of “letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend”, and that have patriotic and socialist education function. Central and provincial, autonomous region and municipal as well as plan-listed city culture controlling authorities shall establish “Special Excellent Programme (Show) Creation and Performance Funds”, mainly to be used for subsidizing and rewarding creation and performance of excellent programmes (shows). The special fund, apart from being regulated all levels’ culture entities’ culture undertaking fees and all levels’ financial discretionary subsidies, may also adopt social fundraising methods as well as collecting from the “making culture subsidize culture” income. All levels’ culture entities shall jointly with finance entities formulate management rules suited to reality for using the “Special Excellent Programme (Show) Creation and Performance Fund”. National reward rules shall be formulated by the Ministry of Culture jointly with related entities for rewarding excellent products (shows), and are implemented after State Council approval; all levels’ reward rules are formulated by provincial, autonomous region and municipal culture entities jointly with relevant entities, and are implemented after approval from the local People’s Government.

 

IX, According to the characteristics of art performance, as performers who are not suited anymore to perform on stage but have not yet reached pension or retiring age, must change trade to other entities or retire in advance, it is permitted to implement policies to encourage them to change trade or retire in advance, and give a certain trade change or retirement fee. Because all localities’ situations are different, at present, national uniform trade change or retirement fee standards should not be formulated, and they may be formulated by provincial, autonomous region and municipal culture entities jointly with the same level personnel and financial departments according to the local situation, and are implemented after approval by the local People’s Government.

 

X, In order to strive to raise the cultural level of the entire nation, support old, young, border and poor regions’ culture undertaking construction, all localities shall continue to, according to the provisions of the “Notice Concerning Issuing and Printing the ‘Development Fund for Economic Support of Undeveloped Regions Management Rules'” of the National Committee for Management of the Development Fund for Economic Support for Undeveloped Regions (FBS No. (1986)226), according to the financial situation, grant subsidies to rural culture undertaking focal areas, and effectively stimulate rural culture undertaking development.

 

XI, In the most recent few years, culture undertaking work units launching “making culture subsidize culture” activities have obtained clear achievements, which have both developed culture undertakings, and to a certain extent diminished the burden on the financial administration, all relevant entities must continue to support this. Concerning problems such as the business orientation, revenue and expenditure management, revolving funds and taxation, etc., all localities shall continue to strictly carry out the provisions of the Ministry of Culture, Ministry of Finance and State Administration of Industry and Commerce “Notice Concerning Printing and Issuing the ‘Provisional Rules on Culture Undertaking Work Units Launching Paid Services and Business Activities” (CBS No. (1987)94).

 

The above report, if not containing anything inappropriate, is requested to be transferred to all localities and all entities for implementation

 

Ministry of Culture

10 April 1991

国务院批转文化部关于文化事业若干经济政策意见报告的通知

国务院同意文化部《关于文化事业若干经济政策意见的报告》,现转发给你们,请遵照执行。

关于文化事业若干经济政策意见的报告

国务院:
党的十一届三中全会以来,我国文化事业有了较快恢复和发展,在一定程度上适应了人民群众不断增长的文化生活需求,在国内外产生了良好的影响。但是,由于受国家财力限制和其它一些原因,我国文化事业长期存在的底子薄、设施差,与经济发展不相适应的状况尚未得到根本改变。
为繁荣和发展社会主义文化事业,切实解决物质文明建设和精神文明建设“一手硬、一手软”的问题,贯彻落实党的十三届七中全会关于“中央和地方都要把精神文明建设纳入经济和社会发展规划,逐步增加必要的投入”的精神,以及七届全国人大四次会议通过的《中华人民共和国国民经济和社会发展十年规划和第八个五年计划纲要》中,关于“要继续积极稳妥地进行各类文化管理体制的改革,认真研究制定促进文化事业发展的经济政策,对繁荣社会主义文化给予必要物质支持”的要求,在深化文化管理体制改革、加强内部管理的同时,各级政府和有关部门要对文化事业在政策上给予支持和保障,以使文化事业建设与经济建设协调发展。
为此,就当前急需解决的有关文化经济政策问题,经与国家计委、财政部、人事部、建设部、国家税务局等有关部门协商,提出以下意见:
一、各级政府要真正把文化事业作为社会主义精神文明建设的重要方面,在思想上高度重视,政策上加以引导,资金上予以支持。要逐年增加文化事业经费的投入,逐步改变文化经费紧张的状况,为弘扬民族优秀文化,繁荣社会主义文艺提供必要的物质条件。
二、各级文化部门要制定和完善各项管理制度,配合有关部门制定符合本地区实际情况的文化经济政策,加强队伍建设和财务管理,注重经营管理,不断提高管理水平。要发扬勤俭办事业的优良传统,合理调整文化经费支出结构,挖掘内部潜力,在国家政策允许的范围内,充分利用现有的人力、物力、财力,积极合理地组织收入,增强自身发展能力,合理使用事业经费,提高经费的使用效果。
三、各级政府对文化设施建设要列入议事日程,切实予以安排。要将群众需要的必不可少的文化娱乐设施建设纳入城乡建设的总体规划,合理布局,统一建设。“八五”期间,要努力做到县县有图书馆、文化馆,乡乡有文化站。各地建设住宅小区,要严格按照城市规划要求,统筹规划文化娱乐活动场所,实行同步建设。小区级非营业性文化设施的投资,可列入小区住宅建设投资。
四、要适当增加文化事业的基本建设投资。有条件的省、自治区、直辖市及计划单列市,每年应有一定的文化基建投资基数并随着经济状况的好转逐步增加这方面的投入,使之与物质文明建设方面的投入保持适当的增长比例。各级计划部门对当地文化主管部门提出的确需建设的文化设施项目,不应当作“楼堂馆所”加以限制,应尽可能地给予支持,在年度计划中安排落实投资。“八五”期间,经过调整改革后的艺术表演团体,在充分利用社会上现有可供演出场所的前提下,要视各地财力情况逐步建设自己的演出场所。
五、当前各地现有的剧场、影剧院严重破旧的问题十分突出,要抓紧进行维修改造,充实设备,改善条件。所需资金除由各级财政部门每年安排一定的维修费,拨给文化部门统一掌握使用外,还可采取其他办法筹集,如从电影票价附加和纳税后的“以文补文”收入中提取等。筹集奖金的具体办法,由各地文化部门根据实际情况,制定并报国家规定的具有批准权限的部门批准后施行。
六、切实解决各级公共图书馆购书经费紧张的问题。各级财政部门应会同同级文化部门,根据图书馆的规模、编制、藏书等情况,核定其经费预算,并将购书费予以标明,实行专款专用。在核定正常经费和购书费时,既要严格控制人员编制,避免人员经费挤占业务费,又要充分考虑工资、物价、书报刊价格上涨以及外汇升值等增支因素,逐年予以增加。
七、对艺术表演团体要继续贯彻整顿、改革的方针,合理调整布局,精简冗员。对整顿后确定保留的艺术表演团体要给予必要扶持。要认真贯彻落实文化部、财政部联合颁发的《艺术表演团体财务管理暂行办法》(文计字【1986】第1227号)。各级财政部门和文化主管部门对有实验任务的剧团,为少年儿童服务的剧团,少数民族的剧团、文工团(队),具有浓厚艺术传统和较高艺术水平的某些古老稀有的艺术品种,排拣演出反映现实生活和重大题材剧目的团(队),在核定其差额补助费时,要给予照顾。对各类剧团的大型修缮、设备购置补助费,要根据财力可能尽力予以安排,并单独编报预算,专项补助。对离休、退休人员经费实行单列,专款专用。对舞蹈、杂技、武打演员及管乐演奏员,按月发给“艺术工种补贴”。为鼓励多演出,对超额完成演出场次和收入计划的剧团,可按规定发给“超额补贴”。发放补贴的具体办法由各省、自治区、直辖市财政、文化部门会同有关部门制定。
八、为繁荣舞台艺术,对那些坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向,贯彻“百花齐放、百家争鸣”方针,具有爱国主义、社会主义教育功能的优秀剧(节)目的创作、排练、演出,要予以扶持。中央和省、自治区、直辖市以及计划单列市文化主管部门应设立“优秀剧(节)目创作演出专项资金”,主要用于对优秀剧(节)目创作、演出的补贴和奖励。专项资金除从各级文化部门的文化事业经费中调剂和各级财政酌情补助外,也可采取社会集资的办法以及从“以文补文”收入中适当提取。对“优秀剧(节)目创作演出专项资金”的使用,各级文化部门应会同财政部门制定切合实际的管理办法。对优秀剧(节)目的奖励,全国性的奖励办法由文化部会同有关部门制定,报国务院批准后执行;各地的奖励办法,由各省、自治区、直辖市文化部门会同有关部门制定,报当地人民政府批准后执行。
九、根据艺术表演的特点,对已不适宜上台演出而不到离休、退休年龄,需要转业到其他部门或提前离退体的演员,可实行鼓励他们转业或提前离退休的政策,发给一定的转业、退休费。由于各地情况不同,目前不宜制定全国统一的转业、退休费标准,可由各省、自治区、直辖市文化部门会同同级人事、财政部门根据当地情况制定,报当地人民政府批准后执行。
十、为努力提高全民族的文化素质,扶持老少边贫地区的文化事业建设,各地应继续按全国支援经济不发达地区发展资金管理委员会《关于印发<支援经济不发达地区发展资金管理办法>的通知》(财预字【1986】第226号)的规定,根据资金情况,对农村文化事业有重点地给予补助,有效地促进农村文化事业的发展。
十一、近几年,文化事业单位开展“以文补文”活动取得了显著的成效,既发展了各地的文化事业,又在一定程度上减轻了财政的负担,各有关部门要继续予以支持。关于“以文补文”活动的经营方向、收支管理、周转金和税收等问题,各地应继续严格按照文化部、财政部、国家工商管理局《关于颁发<文化事业单位开展有偿服务和经营活动的暂行办法>的通知》(文计字【1987】第94号)执行。

以上报告如无不当,请批转各地区、各部门执行。

文化部 一九九一年四月十日

 

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