Opinions concerning Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work, and Even Better Serving Economic Construction and Reform

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(Passed by the CCP Central Committee Politburo Meeting of 3 September 1992)

Since the talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping on his Southern Tour, our country’s reform and opening up, and economic construction has entered a new phase. The broad cadres on the propaganda and ideological front have earnestly studied the important talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, linked up with reality and done their work diligently. The Politburo of the Central Committee believes that, at present, the main task that propaganda and ideology front faces is that it must earnestly study and deeply implement the spirit of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s important talks and the plenary meeting of the Central Committee Politburo, liberate thoughts, unify understanding, inspire spirits, completely propagate the basic line of “one centre, two basic points”, and even better serves economic construction, reform and opening up.

I, Continue to deeply study the important talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, use the theory and practice of constructing Socialism with Chinese characteristics to unify the thoughts of the entire Party.

Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s construction of the theory and practice of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a correct summary of the experience on both positive and negative sides of the international Communist movement and especially the last decades of Socialist construction in our country, it is the application and development of Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought under new historical conditions, and is the crystallization of the magnificent achievements of the Chinese people creating history and the collective wisdom of the entire Party. The important talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping on his Southern Tour, answered many major issues in our country’s present construction and reform, they had both deep theoretical significance, and a clear practical focus. Practice demonstrates that this theory and practice has opened the only correct path for our country’s Socialist modernization construction. Only by abiding by this theory and practice will we be able to unify thoughts, strengthen confidence, overcome difficulties and advance victoriously.

Studying and implementing the important talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, theory must be linked with practice, the most important is that it is necessary to liberate thoughts, seek truth from facts, accelerate the pace of reform and opening-up, concentrate forces to enhance the economy. At present, study must be integrated with organizing the implementation of a series of policy measures of the CCP Central Committee and the State Council concerning deepening reform and broadening openness, use the spirit of the talks to guide all work matters in construction and reform.

Through studying the important talks of Comrade Deng Xiaoping, deeply understand the correctness of the judgment that “we must guard against the right, but must mainly be on guard against the ‘Left'”. Understand that the right may ruin Socialism from theoretical roots, ideological roots and historical roots, and that the “Left” may also ruin Socialism, the “Left” is deep-rooted, correct the thought that the “Left” is better than the right, fundamentally overcome the influence of the “Left”. It is necessary to prevent dogmatic understanding of some principles of Marxism, or some books, and correct unscientific and even completely distorted understandings of Socialism, become liberated from these incorrect ideological concepts and policies that exceed the primary stage of Socialism, do not become fettered by the abstract controversy on “Is it called Capitalism or Socialism”.

II, Propaganda and ideological work have economic construction at the centre, submit and serve this centre.

Persist in having economic construction at the centre is bringing order out of the chaos of “taking class struggle as the key link”, is the basic guarantee for the undertaking of development, the stabilization of society and the consolidation of the regime, and is the highest interest and common aspiration of the broad popular masses. In the entire work of Party and State, there only is this one centre of economic construction, this centre cannot be deviated from, no more centres will be made. Economic departments must persist in this centre, other departments must also revolve around and serve this centre. Under regular circumstances, we must persist in this centre, under unusual circumstances, except where large-scale foreign hostile invasions take place, we shall also closely grasp this centre. All departments in propaganda and ideological work must seize this centre and not let it go, use many sorts of propaganda methods, adopt many kinds of propaganda means, to encourage and assist economic development, create a dense atmosphere of wholeheartedly engaging in economic construction, and bring the attention of the entire Party and the people in the entire country on concentrating energy to conduct Socialist modernization construction.

It is necessary to forcefully propagate Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s scientific judgement concerning development of productive forces being the basic task of Socialism, firmly establish the strategic ideology of “grasping the opportune moment, developing ourselves, developing the economy is key”. It is necessary to help the people to understand the severe challenges and advantageous opportunity our country faces through propaganda and education on international and domestic trends, strengthen a sense of urgency and a sense of responsibility concerning accelerating economic development. Strengthen propaganda on economic understanding. Propagate all regions’ and all departments’ linking with reality, open up domestic and foreign markets, under the presupposition of stressing quality and paying attention to productivity, accelerate the good methods and good experience of economic development. Propaganda dares to break through the fetters of the “left”, liberate thoughts, view matters from different perspectives, initiate economic construction and leading cadres, economic experts and entrepreneurs in the new picture of reform and opening up.

Economic construction must rely on science and technology, scientific and technological work must face economic construction. Propaganda departments must closely coordinate with science, technology and education departments, strengthen propaganda that science and technology is the first productive force and education is the basis, shape a desirable atmosphere in the whole society of highly regarding science and technology, highly regarding education, respecting knowledge and respecting talent, and promote the further implementation of Party policies on intellectuals.

III, Strengthen propaganda on reform and opening up, promote the healthy development of the undertaking of reform and opening up.

Reform is a new revolution for our country, and is the only path to liberate productive forces, strengthening the country and enriching the people; opening up to the outside world is a necessary condition for Socialist modernization. The decade of the Nineties are a key period in our country’s reform and opening up, and it faces formidable tasks. Through strengthening propaganda on reform and opening up, enable the broad cadres and masses to deepen their understanding on accelerating the pace of reform and opening up, become even more brimming with confidence in the prospects of reform and opening up, and vigorously throw themselves into the magnificent undertaking of reform and opening up.

Propaganda on reform and opening up must submit to and serve the general deployment of reform and opening up, and be coordinated with rolling out major measures on reform and opening up. At present, the focus is implementing the Central Committee “Opinions concerning Accelerating Reform, Expanding Opening Up and Striving for the Economy to Reach a New Stage Even Better and Faster” and the State Council “Regulations on Industrial Enterprises Owned by the Whole People Transforming Management Mechanisms”.

Propaganda on reform and opening up must help people to renew concepts. Some of our thoughts, concepts, habits and even language have been shaped under certain special conditions. For example, some have emerged from the environment of “taking class struggle as the key link”, some have emerged  on the basis of a commodity economy, and are not adapted to the present requirements of reform, opening up and economic construction. At the same time, following the incessant deepening of reform and opening up, the relationships of interests of people will inevitably be touched upon and adjusted, new contradictions and new issues will emerge in ideology and concepts. It is necessary to utilize all sorts of propaganda tools to disambiguate and explain matters in a focused way, propagate commodity and market concepts, concepts of openness and competition, concepts of efficiency and productivity, concepts of democracy and the legal system, etc., and provide a beneficial public opinion environment for deepening reform and expanding openness.

Propaganda on reform and opening up must seek truth from facts, and prevent against one-sidedness. In introducing advanced models, conditions and environment must be clearly explained, and avoid blind popularization. Reform measures that are currently under trial must be enthusiastically supported, and trials encouraged, and treated cautiously and reliable, do not universally promote immature experiences.

IV, Persist in the principle of grasping with two hands, stimulate the construction of a Socialist spiritual society.

Persisting in grasping the material civilization and the spiritual civilization with both hands, is the strategic policy for constructing Socialism with Chinese characteristics. The construction of a Socialist spiritual civilization, must be the construction of a spiritual civilization that promotes Socialist modernization construction, stimulation of overall reform and opening up to the outside world, and persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles. Education on persisting in the Four Cardinal Principles must be conducted unwaveringly. It is necessary to fully understand the long-term nature of the existence of bourgeois liberalization trends and other grave dangers, and guard against foreign and domestic hostile forces in implementing peaceful evolution schemes against us.

Spiritual civilization construction must fix eyes on construction. It is necessary to adapt to the development of a commodity economy, realistically strengthen ideology and moral construction, and education, science, technology and culture construction. it is necessary to forcefully propagate advanced models of arduous undertaking, expansion and enterprise, courage and contribution emerging in large numbers in reform and opening up. Forcefully propose mass activities of spiritual civilization construction in town and country, earnestly summarize the new experiences of coastal regions, special economic zones, frontier trade zones and other regions that are relatively well-developed economically. Earnestly popularize the successful methods of masses in some localities launching self-education, and shaping desirable interpersonal relationships. Strengthen education on Socialist democracy and the legal system. Strengthen education on national defence, earnestly launch activities of supporting soldiers and their dependents, supporting the government and cherishing the people and police, soldiers and civilians jointly building civilization. It is necessary to integrate persisting in patriotic, collective and Socialist education for the people with conducting education on the Chinese nation’s excellent ideological and cultural traditions, and fine social morals. It is necessary to pay attention to researching and learning from the process of opening up to the outside world and economic development in a number of later-developed countries, attract beneficial foreign achievements of civilization, and resist the experience of the bad influence of foreign degenerate culture.

It is necessary to forcefully strengthen education work for the youth. The ideology and morals of youth and their scientific and cultural qualities relate to the future of the motherland. All levels’ Party Committees and governments must pay attention to this work. The whole society must care for the healthy growing up of youth. It is necessary to forcefully provide spiritual nourishment geared to the characteristics of youth. Cultural facility funding must be given preferentially to the youth and children.

The more reform and opening up are deepened, the more ideological and political work must be strengthened. Any viewpoint or method doubting or weakening ideological and political work is mistaken and damaging. Ideological and political work must be adapted to the requirements of the new trends and new tasks of reform, earnestly improve everything from content to methods, give rein to a vigorous function in reconciling disputes, harmonizing relations, smoothening emotions and mustering vigour.

“Sweeping pornography” and eradicating the “Six Evils” must be grasped unwaveringly. It is necessary to integrate concentrated attack and regular management, localities where problems are grave must engage in concentrated attack a few times per year. Forcefully strengthen cultural market management and legal system construction, continue to investigate and prosecute illegal publishing activities. Realistically strengthen anti-corruption and pro-honesty propaganda, encourage the broad masses to dare to struggle with all sorts of evil social phenomena.

Protecting cultural relics is one of our historical responsibilities. We must implement the policy of “giving first place to protection, putting saving first”, solidly use the State funds to preserve cultural relics well in the next ten year, strive to obtain a batch of preservation results as soon as possible.

V, Face reality, strengthen social science theory research

All major issues and complex issues in the world of today have a direct or indirect relationship with philosophy and the social sciences. It is necessary to give high regard to and strengthen social science research, and make it more dynamic and flourishing, provide spiritual drivers, knowledge support and ideological guarantees for economic construction, reform and opening up, and provide scientific support for the Party and the State to conduct major policymaking on economic and social development.

Theoretical research in social science must persist in taking Marxism as guidance, face reality, understand reality and research reality, it must research and expound all sorts of basic issues in the construction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics proposed by Comrade Deng Xiaoping. Research the rich practical experience of our country’s reform and opening up after the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Conference. Research the new situations and new issues emerging in the process of implementing the basic line of “one centre, two basic points”, at present, it is especially necessary to pay attention to researching how to enliven large-scale State run enterprises and other major issues. Realistically transform the situation that research on the above topics is not deep or systematic. At the same time, research on modern capitalism as well as all sorts of Western schools and theoretical trends must be strengthened, guide the people through theory to boldly attract and learn from all advanced operational means and management methods reflecting modern socialized production rules from all nations in the entire world, including capitalist developed nations. The necessary augmentation must be made of the topics selected in the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” for philosophy and social science, organize the compilation of a batch of high-quality theoretical articles and monographs.

It is necessary to improve cadres’ theoretical study on the basis of Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s spirit of “studying Marxism-Leninism must be excellent, and effective”, achieve less but better, divide into levels, stress effect.

VI, Let literature and art flourish, enliven the masses’ cultural life.

The basic task of literature and art is to satisfy the broad popular masses’ daily increasing cultural life needs. The present tendencies of prosperous development urgently require literature and art workers to further liberate thoughts, go deeply into reality, strive to reflect the spirit of the times, strive to display the real life of construction and reform, provide even more and even better spiritual nourishment to the broad popular masses.

To let literature and art flourish, we must persist in the principle of “serving the people and serving Socialism” and the policy of “letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend”. It is necessary to fully understand the multi-level nature and diversity of literature and art, to make our literature and art garden rich and varied. Because of “leftist” ideological influences, for a long time, one-sidedness has existed in the function of literature and art, the objective of literature and art, and the institution of standards for literature and art. Literature and art have functions in entertainment, aesthetics, knowledge, education and many other areas. We shall fully give regard to and strive to give rein to the ideological education function of literature and art, and must at the same time fully give rein to the function of literature and art in knowledge, aesthetics and entertainment. We must advocate more creation of works that are beneficial politically and ideologically, that the masses love to see and year, and are not to oppose works that are harmless ideologically and politically, are relatively good artistically, that the masses love to see and hear. Literature and art are complex spiritual labours, and it is extremely necessary that literators and artists give rein to their individual creative spirit, what to write and how to write it can only be progressively decided through exploration by literators and artists in artistic practice. In this area, there must not be flagrant interference. It is necessary to continue to create a democratic and harmonious environment for the broad literature and art workers to concentrate on creation. It is necessary to strengthen literature and art comment work, and advocate fair and friendly discussion. All art categories, all schools of writers and artists must strengthen unity and cooperation between them, and concentrate their strengths on producing work and producing talent.

It is necessary to forcefully support town and country mass-type culture activities, including the nascent community culture, enterprise culture, school ground culture, household culture, street culture, tourist culture, karaoke and other mass self-entertainment activities, and strengthen guidance, so they develop healthily.

VII, Improve press and publications work.

The news front must follow the tides of the times, use outstanding propaganda and reports to guide and hearten cadres and masses to unwaveringly and completely implement the basic Party line. Persist in the principle of giving first place to positive propaganda, give rein to the functions of public opinion guidance and public opinion supervision, achieve the goals of unity, stability and enthusiasm. Advocate short news, increase information amounts. Link up closely with the masses, fully reflect the activities of grass-roots cadres and masses creating a new life. Stress writing skill, strive for liveliness and vivacity, strengthen the persuasiveness and readability of news. Newspapers, television, radio and other news tools must give rein to their superiority on the basis of their special characteristics, and concentrate on their distinguishing features.

Since some time, the phenomena of excessive reporting of common meetings and the normal activities of leaders has been existing gravely on radio, television and in newspapers, fomenting formalism, this had already given rise to strong dissatisfaction from the broad cadres and masses, and further measures must be adopted to improve news reporting of meetings and the activities of leaders. It is necessary to reduce reports on common meetings, do not make leading comrades’ attendance into standards of whether or not to report something. All sorts of ribbon-cutting, foundation laying, first publication, premiere, anniversary and other activities are generally not to be reported. All levels’ responsible cadres must pioneer the initiation of a practical work style, and support news work units to improve news reporting in this area.

Publication departments must strengthen links with economic departments, select topics revolving around economic construction and expanding opening up, and raise publishing quality. It is necessary to adapt to the requirements of different levels of readers, publish more books and publish better books.

VIII, Strengthen foreign propaganda, strive to create a desirable international public opinion environment.

The basic task of foreign propaganda work is propagating ourselves, let foreigners and overseas compatriots timely, completely and truthfully understand China. At present, it is necessary to strive to propagate our unwavering persistence in taking economic construction as the centre, as well as the new achievements of deepening reform and expanding opening-up, dissolving people’s misgivings and misunderstandings, raise our international prestige and strengthen or foreign-related attraction.

Foreign propaganda must strengthen in focus, and raise propaganda skill. It is necessary to determine propaganda content and propaganda forms on the basis of the characteristics of propaganda targets. Adopt multiple, varied, vivid and vigorous methods and means to make people like to hear or see it, and to avoid empty preachings or imposing views on others.

Do work on foreign journalists resident in our country well. Provide convenient and correct information for their regular reporting, reduce distorted propaganda about us as much as possible, and increase objective propaganda that is beneficial to us.

Strengthen foreign-related propaganda battlefield construction. Perfect existing management structures and methods for central and local foreign-related provision of television and video programmes, in order to guarantee ample foreign-related programme resources.

IX, Conduct structural reform of the ideological front in a planned and guided manner.

The existing leadership and management structure of propaganda and ideology work departments is not adapted to the new trends in economic development, reform and opening up in some areas, and reform must be conducted. Through reform, rationalize relationships, transform functions, train troops, streamline administration and raise efficiency. This work involves broad areas and has a strong political nature, it is necessary to liberate thoughts and experiment boldly, and to remain cautious, reliable, and progressively conduct this.

All propaganda and ideological work departments must, on the basis of investigation and research, start from reality, and conduct reform of institutional structuring, management structures, human resource systems, economic management methods, etc. For example, reform of theatre troupe structures, concentrate forces to run theatre troupes representing national-level artistic levels. Appropriately expand local and border region foreign-related cultural exchange powers, loosen time limits on artistic personnel having special skills to accept job offers abroad, perform abroad or hold positions. Reform publishing structures, vigorously conduct experiments to establish publishing, printing and distribution enterprise groups. Rationalize television and audiovisual structures, clarify responsibilities and tasks. The Federation of Cultural Circles, the Writers’ Association, the Journalists’ Association and other mass cultural organizations shall, according to the “Social Organization Registration and Management Regulations” continue to implement structural reform, and strive to provide services for writers, artists and news workers.

It is necessary to strengthen legal system construction in the propaganda and culture areas. Grasp the formulation of the Publications Law, the Performance Law, cultural market management regulations, as well as regulations on using foreign capital to set up cultural undertakings, etc.

X, Strive to construct a series of propaganda and ideology work teams adapted to the requirements of economic construction, reform and opening up.

Completely and correctly propagating the basic Party line, vigorously stimulating the undertaking of modernization construction, reform and opening up, safeguarding the political picture of unity and stability, all require a line of propaganda and ideology work teams who are strong in politics, excellent professionally and who have an upright work style, and especially needs a batch of young theory workers. Because of this, it is necessary to adopt realistic and powerful means to strengthen the construction of propaganda, theory, literature, art, news and publishing teams.

Propaganda cadres must earnestly study Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong Thought, study Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s theory of constructing Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and raise political qualities. At the same time, they must strive to study economic knowledge, grasp the mastery of abilities to propagate economic construction, reform and opening up. Integrate an enterprising spirit with an attitude of seeking truth, go deeply into factories and the countryside, and maintain close links with the broad masses.

Straiten propaganda discipline, strengthen professional moral and clean government construction. It is absolutely not permitted to publish discussions opposing Centre decisions in open propaganda in newspapers, periodicals or on radio or television. Those seeking or accepting bribes must be severely investigated and prosecuted.

According to the principle of “revolutionization, becoming younger, and intellectualization” and the standards for having both ability and integrity, strengthen propaganda team construction. It is necessary to boldly promote those comrades who firmly believe in Comrade Deng Xiaoping’s theory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, earnestly implement the basic Party line and have excellent work achievements to leading positions in all departments on the propaganda and ideology front. Select a batch of cadres from economic departments and the first line of reform and opening up in a planned manner to substantiate propaganda and ideology cadre teams.

XI, Appropriately strengthen input into propaganda and culture undertakings.

At present, propaganda and culture departments, and especially grass-roots work units are generally short in funds, town and country cultural facilities are backward. The requirements put forward by the 7th Plenum of the 13th Party Congress that “the centre and the localities must bring spiritual civilization construction into economic and social development plans, and progressively increase the necessary inputs”, shall be further implemented. The state must, firing the annual staff allocation and middle or long-term economic and social development planning, progressively increase financial input into spiritual civilization construction. The State Council financial department must research and resolve the issues that propaganda and cultural work units’ tax burdens are overly heavy and funding programmes are overly many. The state must implement differentiated tax rates on spiritual products. The tax income of the propaganda and culture system and profits turned over to the state must in principle be returned into the propaganda and culture system, and used to develop propaganda and culture undertakings. Finance, taxation and pricing departments shall actively research and prefect cultural economic policies together with culture departments.

XII, Strengthen Party guidance over propaganda and ideological work.

Propaganda and ideology work is an important component part of Party Committee work, all levels’ Party Committees and especially main responsible cadres must give it high regard, and put it on the important matters agenda, regularly discuss it, and regularly grasp it.

Party committees must, when deploying important work, put requests to and determine tasks of propaganda and ideology departments, and fully give rein to the function that propaganda and ideology work departments should have. It is necessary to regularly inspect and supervise matters, strengthen guidance, and keep the gate of propaganda on major issues personally. It is necessary to attract propaganda cadres to participate in relevant policymaking meetings, make them understand and familiar with the overall picture of work. It is necessary to assist propaganda and ideology workers to resolve real difficulties in human, financial and material resources, etc., and create the necessary work conditions for them.

Our country is in a key period of Socialist modernization construction, the propaganda and ideology front bears a heavy task, the broad cadres must liberate thoughts, exert themselves, work soundly, and welcome the convention of the 14th Party Congress with excellent achievements!

 

中共中央关于加强和改进宣传思想工作,
更好地为经济建设和改革开放服务的意见

(中共中央政治局会议一九九二年九月三日通过)
邓小平同志南巡谈话以后,我国的改革开放和经济建设进入了一个新阶段。宣传思想战线的广大干部认真学习邓小平同志的重要谈话,联系实际,努力工作。中央政治局认为,当前,宣传思想战线面临的主要任务,就是要认真学习、深入贯彻邓小平同志重要谈话和中央政治局全体会议精神,解放思想,统一认识,振奋精神,全面宣传“一个中心、两个基本点”的基本路线,更好地为经济建设和改革开放服务。

一、继续深入学习邓小平同志的重要谈话,用建设有中国特色的社会主义的理论和路线统一全党的思想。

邓小平同志建设有中国特色的社会主义的理论和路线,是对国际共产主义运动特别是我国几十年来社会主义建设正反两方面经验的正确总结,是马列主义、毛泽东思想在新的历史条件下的运用和发展,是中国人民创造历史的伟大成果和全党集体智慧的结晶。邓小平同志南巡重要谈话,回答了当前我国建设和改革中的许多重大问题,既有深刻的理论意义,又有鲜明的现实针对性。实践表明,这一理论和路线,为我国社会主义现代化建设开辟了唯一正确的道路。只有遵循这一理论和路线,我们才能统一思想,增强信心,克服困难,胜利前进。

学习和贯彻邓小平同志的重要谈话,必须理论联系实际,最重要的就是要解放思想,实事求是,加快改革开放步伐,集中精力把经济搞上去。当前,学习要同组织实施中共中央、国务院关于深化改革、扩大开放的一系列政策措施结合起来,用谈话精神指导建设和改革的各项工作。

通过学习邓小平同志的重要谈话,深刻认识“要警惕右,但主要是防止‘左’”的论断的正确性。从理论根源、思想根源和历史根源上认识右可以葬送社会主义,“左”也可以葬送社会主义,“左”是根深蒂固的,纠正“左”比右好的思想,从根本上克服“左”的影响。要防止对马克思主义某些原则、某些本本的教条式的理解,纠正对社会主义的一些不科学的甚至完全扭曲了的认识,从那些超越社会主义初级阶段的不正确的思想观念和政策中解放出来,不被“姓资还是姓社”的抽象争论所束缚。

二、宣传思想工作要以经济建设为中心,服从、服务于这个中心。

坚持以经济建设为中心,是对“以阶级斗争为纲”的拨乱反正,是发展事业、稳定社会、巩固政权的根本保证,是广大人民群众的最高利益和共同愿望。在党和国家的全部工作中,只有经济建设这一个中心,不能偏离这个中心,不能搞多中心。经济部门要坚持这个中心,其他部门也必须围绕和服务于这个中心。在正常情况下,我们要坚持这个中心,在非常情况下,除了发生大规模外敌入侵,也要紧紧抓住这个中心。宣传思想工作各部门要扭住这个中心不放,运用多种宣传手段,采取多种宣传形式,为经济建设帮忙鼓劲,把一心一意搞经济建设的空气搞得浓浓的,把全党、全国人民的注意力引导到集中精力进行社会主义现代化建设上来。

要大力宣传邓小平同志关于社会主义的根本任务是发展生产力的科学论断,牢固确立“抓住时机,发展自己,关键是发展经济”的战略思想。要通过国际国内形势的宣传教育,帮助人们认识我国面临的严峻挑战和有利机遇,增强加快经济发展的紧迫感和责任感。加强经济知识的宣传。宣传各地区、各部门结合实际,开拓国内外市场,在重质量、讲效益的前提下,加快经济发展的好办法、好经验。宣传敢于冲破“左”的束缚,解放思想,换脑筋,开创经济建设和改革开放新局面的领导干部、经济专家和企业家。

经济建设必须依靠科学技术,科学技术工作必须面向经济建设。宣传部门要与科技、教育部门密切配合,加强科技是第一生产力、教育是基础的宣传,在全社会形成重视科技、重视教育、尊重知识、尊重人才的良好风尚,推动党的知识分子政策的进一步落实。

三、加强改革开放的宣传,推动改革开放事业的健康发展。

改革是我国的又一次革命,是解放生产力、强国富民的必由之路;对外开放是实现社会主义现代化的必要条件。九十年代是我国改革开放的关键时期,面临着艰巨的任务。通过加强改革开放的宣传,使广大干部群众对加快改革开放步伐的理解更加深刻,对改革开放的前途更加充满信心,积极投身于改革开放的宏伟事业。

改革开放的宣传,要服从、服务于改革开放的整体部署,同各项重大改革开放措施的出台相配合。当前,重点是做好贯彻落实中共中央《关于加快改革,扩大开放,力争经济更好更快地上一个新台阶的意见》和国务院《全民所有制工业企业转换经官机制条例》的宣传。

改革开放的宣传,要帮助人们更新观念。我们有些思想、观念、习惯乃至语言,是在某种特定条件下形成的。例如,有的是在“以阶级斗争为纲”环境中产生的,有的是在产品经济基础上形成的,与当前改革开放和经济建设的要求很不适应。同时,随着改革的不断深入,必将触及人们利益关系的调整,出现思想观念上的新矛盾、新问题。要利用各种宣传工具,有针对性地解疑释惑,宣传商品和市场观念、开放和竞争观念、效率和效益观念、民主和法制观念等,为深化改革、扩大开放提供良好的舆论环境。

改革开放的宣传,要实事求是,防止片面性。介绍先进典型,要讲清条件、环境,避免盲目推广。对于正在试验的改革措施,既要热情支持,鼓励试验,又要慎重稳妥,不要把尚未成熟的经验普遍推广。

四、坚持两手抓的方针,促进社会主义精神文明建设。

坚持物质文明与精神文明两手抓,是建设有中国特色的社会主义的战略方针。社会主义精神文明建设,必须是推动社会主义现代化建设,促进全面改革和对外开放,坚持四项基本原则的精神文明建设。必须坚持不懈地搞好坚持四项基本原则的教育。要充分认识资产阶级自由化思潮存在的长期性及其严重危害,警惕国内外敌对势力对我实施和平演变的图谋。

精神文明建设要着眼于建设。要适应商品经济的发展,切实加强思想道德建设和教育科学文化建设。要大力宣传改革开放中涌现的艰苦创业、开拓进取、勇于奉献的先进典型。大力倡导城乡群众性的精神文明建设活动,认真总结沿海地区、经济特区、边境贸易地区和其他经济较发达地区这方面的新鲜经验。认真推广一些地方群众开展自我教育,形成良好人际关系的成功做法。加强社会主义的民主与法制教育。加强国防教育,认真开展拥军优属、拥政爱民和军民、警民共建活动。要把坚持对人民的爱国主义、集体主义、社会主义教育同进行中华民族优秀的思想文化传统、优良的社会公德教育有机地结合和统一起来。要注意研究和借鉴一些后发达国家在对外开放和发展经济过程中,既吸收外来有益的文明成果,又抵御外来腐朽文化不利影响的经验。

要大力加强青少年的教育工作。青少年的思想道德和科学文化素质状况关系着祖国的未来。各级党委和政府要重视这项工作。全社会都要关心青少年的健康成长。要大量提供切合青少年特点的精神食粮。文化设施的收费,对少年儿童要给予优惠。

改革开放愈是深入,愈要加强思想政治工作。任何怀疑、削弱思想政治工作的观点和做法,都是错误的、有害的。思想政治工作要适应改革开放新形势、新任务的要求,从内容到方法认真加以改进,在化解矛盾、协调关系、理顺情绪、调动积极性等方面发挥积极作用。

“扫黄”、除“六害”必须常抓不懈。要把集中打击和经常性管理结合起来,问题严重的地方每年要集中打击几次。大力加强文化市场管理和法制建设,继续查处非法出版活动。切实加强反腐倡廉的宣传,鼓励广大群众勇于同各种社会丑恶现象做斗争。

保护文物是我们应尽的历史责任。必须贯彻“保护为主、抢救第一”的方针,扎扎实实地把国家今后十年的文物抢救专款用好,力争尽快取得一批抢救成果。

五、面向实际,加强社会科学理论研究。

当今世界所有重大问题和复杂问题,都与哲学社会科学有着直接或间接联系。要重视和加强社会科学研究,使之活跃起来、繁荣起来,为经济建设和改革开放提供精神动力、智力支持和思想保证,为党和国家进行经济与社会发展的重大决策提供科学依据。

社会科学的理论研究,必须坚持以马克思主义为指导,面向实际,了解实际,研究实。,要研究和阐述邓小平同志提出的建设有中国特色的社会主义的各种基本问题。研究党的十一届三中全会以来我国改革开放的丰富实践经验。研究党的“一个中心、两个基本点”的基本路线在贯彻执行过程中出现的新情况、新问题,当前,特别要注意研究如何搞活国营大中型企业等重大问题。切实改变对上述课题研究得不深刻、不系统的状况。同时,要加强对当代资本主义以及西方各种流派和理论思潮的研究,从理论上指导人们大胆地吸收和借鉴当今世界各国包括资本主义发达国家的一切反映现代社会化生产规律的先进经营方式、管理方法。对哲学社会科学“八五”规划的选题要做必要的增补,组织撰写一批质量较高的理论文章和论著。

要根据邓小平同志“学马列要精,要管用”的精神,改进干部的理论学习,做到少而精,分层次,重实效。

六、繁荣文艺,活跃群众文化生活。

文艺的根本任务是满足广大人民群众日益增长的文化生活的需要。当前蓬勃发展的形势,迫切要求文艺工作者进一步解放思想,深入实际,努力反映时代精神,着力表现建设和改革的现实生活,为广大人民群众提供更多更好的精神食粮。

繁荣文艺,必须坚持“为人民服务、为社会主义服务”的方向和“百花齐放、百家争鸣”的方针。要充分认识文艺的多层次性和多样性,使我们的文艺园地丰富多彩。由于“左”的思想影响,长期以来,在对文艺功能、文艺目的和文艺标准的认织上,存在着片面性。文艺有娱乐、审美、认识、教育等多方面的作用。我们应当十分重视和努力发挥文艺的思想教育作用,同时要充分发挥文艺的认识、审美、娱乐作用。我们要提倡多创作政治思想上有益、群众喜闻乐见的作品,也不反对政治思想上无害、艺术上较好、群众喜闻乐见的作品。文艺是一种复杂的精神劳动,非常需要文艺家发挥个人的创造精神,写什么和怎样写,只能由文艺家在艺术实践中去探索和逐步求得解决。在这方面,不要横加干涉。要继续为广大文艺工作者潜心创作创造民主、和谐的环境。要加强文艺评论工作,提倡平等的、友好的讨论。各艺术门类、各流派作家、艺术家之间要加强团结合作,把精力集中到出作品、出人才上来。

对城乡群众性文化活动,包括方兴未艾的社区文化、企业文化、校园文化、家庭文化、街头文化、旅游文化和卡拉0K等群众自娱自乐活动,要大力支持,加强引导,使其健康发展。

七、改进新闻、出版工作。

新闻战线要跟上时代潮流,用出色的宣传报道,引导和鼓舞干部群众坚定不移地全面贯彻落实党的基本路线。坚持正面宣传为主的方针,发挥正确的舆论导向和舆论监督作用,达到团结、稳定、鼓劲的目的。提倡短新闻,增加信息量。密切联系群众,充分反映基层干部群众创造新生活的活动。讲究写作艺术,力求生动活泼,增强新闻的说服力和可读性。报纸、电视、电台等新闻工具都要根据自己的特点,发挥优势,办出特色。

一个时期以来,电视、广播、报纸中严重存在着过多地报道一般会议和领导人一般性活动的现象,助长了形式主义,已经引起了广大干部群众的强烈不满,必须进一步采取措施,改进会议和领导人活动的新闻报道。要减少一般性会议的报道,不要把领导同志的出席作为报道与否或报道规格的标准。各种剪彩、奠基、首发式、首映式、周年纪念等活动一般不报道。各级负责同志要带头倡导务实作风,支持新闻单位改进这方面的新闻报道。

出版部门要加强与经济部门的联系,围绕经济建设、改革开放拓宽选题,提高出版质量。要适应不同层次读者的需求,多出书、出好书。

八、加强对外宣传,努力创造良好的国际舆论环境。

对外宣传工作的基本任务是宣传我们自己,让外国人和海外同胞及时、全面、真实地了解中国。当前,要着力宣传我坚持以经济建设为中心不动摇,以及深化改革、扩大开放的新成就,化解人们的疑虑和误解,提高我国际威望,增强我对外的版引力。

对外宜传要加强针对性,提高宣传艺术。要根据宣传对象的特点,确定宣传内容和宣传形式。采取多种多样、生动活泼的方式方法,使人们喜欢听、喜欢看,力戒空洞说教和强加于人。

做好常驻我国的外国记者的工作。为他们正常采访提供方便和正确的信息,尽可能减少对我的歪曲宣传,增加于我有利的客观报道。

加强对外宣传阵地建设。完善现行的中央和地方对外提供电视、录像节目的管理体制与办法,以保证充足的对外节目源。

九、有计划、有领导地进行宣传思想战线的体制改革。

宣传思想工作部门的现行领导和管理体制在某些方面与经济发展和改革开放的新形势不相适应,必须进行改革。通过改革,理顺关系,转变职能,精兵简政,提高效率。这项工作涉及面广,政策性强,既要解放思想,大胆试验,又要慎重稳妥,逐步进行。

宣传思想工作各部门要在调查研究的基础上,从实际出发,对机构设置、管理体制、人事制度、经济管理办法等进行改革。例如,改革剧团体制,集中力量办好代表国家级艺术水平的剧团。适当扩大地方和边境地区对外文化交流的权限,放宽有特殊专长的艺术人员应聘外出演出、任职期限。改革出版体制,积极搞好建立出版、印刷、发行企业集团的试验。理顺影视、音像体制,明确职责任务。文联、作协、记协等群众文化团体,应依照国务院《社会团体登记管理条例》,继续实行体制改革,努力为作家、艺术家和新闻工作者服务。

要加强宣传、文化领域的法制建设。抓紧制订出版法、演出法、文化市场管理条例,以及利用外资兴办文化事业的法规等。

十、努力建设一支适应经济建设和改革开放要求的宣传思想工作队伍。

全面准确地宣传党的基本路线,积极促进现代化建设和改革开放事业,维护团结稳定的政治局面,都需要一支政治强、业务精、作风正的宣传思想工作队伍,特别是需要一批年青的理论工作者。因此,要采取切实有力的措施,加强宣传、理论、文艺、新闻、出版队伍的建设。

宣传干部要认真学习马列主义、毛泽东思想,学习邓小平同志建设有中国特色的社会主义理论,提高政治素质。同时,要努力学习经济知识,掌握宣传经济建设和改革开放的过硬本领。把进取精神与求实态度结合起来,深入工厂、农村,与广大群众保持密切的联系。

严格宣传纪律,加强职业道德和廉政建设。绝对不允许在报刊、广播、电视的公开宣传中发表同中央决定相反的言论。对索贿受贿者,要严肃查处。

按照“革命化、年轻化、知识化、专业化”的方计和德才兼备的标准,加强宣传队伍建设。要把那些坚信邓小平同志建设有中国特色的社会主义理论、认真执行党的基本路线、工作成绩突出的干部,大胆提拔到宣传思想战线各部门的领导岗位上来。有计划地从经济部门和改革开放第一线挑选一批干部,充实宣传思想干部队伍。

十一、适当增加对宣传文化事业的投入。

目前,宣传文化部门特别是基层单位经费普遍短缺,城乡文化设施落后。十三届七中全会提出的“中央和地方都要把精神文明建设纳入经济和社会发展规划,逐步增加必要的投入”的要求,应进一步落实。国家在编制年度和中长期经济社会发展规划时,要逐步增加对精神文明建设的资金投入。国务院财经部门要研究解决宣传文化单位税赋过重、收费项目繁多的问题。国家对精神产品要实行差别税率。宣传文化系统的税收和上缴利润原则上要返还宣传文化系统,用于发展宣传文化事业。财政、税收、物价部门应主动会同宣传文化部门研究完善文化经济政策。

十二、加强党对宣传思想工作的领导。

宣传思想工作是党委工作的重要组成部分,各级党委特别是主要负责同志要高度重视,摆上重要议事日程,经常议,经常抓。

党委在部署重要工作时,要给宣传思想部门提要求、定任务,充分发挥宣传思想工作部门应有的作用。要经常检查督促,加强指导,对重大问题的宣传亲自把关。要吸收宣传干部参加有关决策会议,使他们了解、熟悉工作全局。要帮助宣传思想部门解决人财物等实际困难,为他们创造必要的工作条件。

我国正处于社会主义现代化建设的关键时期,宣传思想战线担负着繁重的任务,广大干部要解放思想,奋发向上,扎实工作,以优异的成绩迎接党的第十四次全国代表大会的召开!

One thought on “Opinions concerning Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work, and Even Better Serving Economic Construction and Reform

    Latest updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    November 17, 2012 at 10:31 am

    […] Opinions concerning Strengthening and Improving Propaganda and Ideology Work, and Even Better Servin… (1992) […]

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