Decision on Further Strengthening Intellectual Property Protection Work

Posted on Updated on

SC NDC No. (1994)38

Intellectual property protection is a component part of China’s reform and opening up policy and an important system for promoting the prosperity and development of scientific, technological and cultural sectors and ensuring the normal operation of the socialist market economy. In order to adapt to the international trend of integration of science, technology and economy and to the objective requirement for quick restoration of China’s status as Contracting Party of GATT, China has in recent years speeded up intellectual property legislation and successively promulgated laws such as the Trademark Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Patent Law of the People’s Republic of China, the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Technology Contracts, the Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China and the Anti-Unfair Competition Law of the People’s Republic of China, which have begun to connect with international standards and have played a positive role in promoting reform and opening up as well as the construction of modernization in China. Because China has not yet established its intellectual property system for a long time, intellectual property consciousness of the whole society is relatively weak, in some regions and entities; the importance of protecting intellectual property protection is not sufficiently understood. A number of grave infringements have not only damaged the lawful rights and interests of intellectual property right owners but also the dignity of the law. In order to realistically strengthen intellectual property protection work and ensure the law enforcement, the following decision is formulated.

1. Perfecting the intellectual property system and realistically strengthening intellectual property protection work, are important contents of the current deepening of complementary reforms in the scientific, technological and economic fields and expanding the scope of opening to the outside world, and also basic demands for the establishment of a socialist market economy system and the realization of connection with the world economy. All levels’ People’s Governments have to fully understand the importance of the intellectual property system in moving forward scientific and technical progress and economic development, correctly handle the relationship between local interests and overall interests, immediate interests and long-term interests, place intellectual property protection strengthening on the agenda of important matters in scientific, technical, economic and cultural work, comprehensively use legal, economic and administrative means to induce enterprises, scientific research institutes and work units of higher education (referred to below as enterprises and work units) to adopt effective steps to protect their intellectual property while fully respecting others’ intellectual property, move the whole society to foster the good habit of respecting and protecting intellectual property, to create a favourable environment and conditions citizens, enterprises and work units, to produce inventions, creations, and literary and artistic works as well as for foreign-related scientific, technical, economic and cultural cooperation and exchange.

2. Intellectual property protection is a comprehensive work with many aspects such as legislation, judiciary, law enforcement and administrative management, and all relevant entities must support each other and cooperate closely to form a unified and harmonious intellectual property protection system. Recently, the National People’s Congress Standing Committee has examined and approved the decision on punishing crimes of copyright infringement, to increase the force of the law for stopping and punishing acts of intellectual property infringement. The State Council will pay close attention to the research and formulation of administrative regulations to carry out border steps concerning intellectual property protection. All levels’ administrative authorities and enforcing agencies for intellectual property shall strengthen their functions, maintain their staff at full strength and increase efficiency. At present, it is necessary to focus on reinforcing the staff of administrative copyright and enforcing agencies at all levels to ensure the effective implementation of the “Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China”. In the process of performing their duties, the administrative intellectual property and enforcing entities will need cooperation of other enforcement agencies and administrative entities, and the relevant agencies and entities must lend their support unstintingly. In respect of major cases producing a great impact, the administrative authorities and enforcement agencies for intellectual property may investigate and deal with them jointly with the entities in charge of scientific, technological, economic, cultural, press, publishing, broadcasting, cinematic, television and public security affairs. It is necessary to support the People’s Courts to handle intellectual property cases according to law, to support the relevant People’s Courts to establish intellectual property divisions according to needs, and strengthen enforcement capacity, to guarantee that all sorts of intellectual property cases will be dealt with fairly and timely. In judicial and administrative enforcement, it is necessary to break down the barriers of local protectionism and departmentalism, abide by the principles of “Where there is a law to abide, it must be abided, law enforcement must be strict, lawbreaking must be prosecuted”, strictly enforce laws and regulations and investigate and prosecute all sorts if intellectual property infringement according to the law. Where circumstances of the infringing activities are serious and constitute a crime, the relevant persons must be prosecuted for criminal liability according to law to realistically guarantee the lawful rights and interests of intellectual property rights owners as well as the unity and dignity of the socialist legal system. In order to further complete and perfect our country’s intellectual property management system and strengthen intellectual property macro-management and coordination, the State Council has decided to institute a State Council intellectual property meeting. All entities concerned must, in organizational reform, strengthen their intellectual property management mechanisms and sort out interdepartmental relations, under the framework of constructing in China a system of administrative management and judicial protection operate “in parallel” to increase the force of intellectual property protection.

3. It is necessary to energetically strengthen supervision and inspection of intellectual property law energetically and develop a mechanism combining routine supervision with inspection of key sectors. The State Council will intermittently organize the various administrative entities and enforcement intellectual property entities, together with the entities concerned with scientific, technological, economic, cultural, press, publishing, broadcasting, cinematic, television and public security matters, to carry out joint inspections of the situation in various regions and entities regarding intellectual property law implementation, focusing on investigating and dealing with a number of significant intellectual property infringement cases with a great impact, and to supervise local authorities in combating such phenomena as laxity in law enforcement and leniency in punishing infringing activities. This is to be shaped gradually into a system to ensure effective intellectual property law implementation. At present, the focal point of supervision and inspection is to put the audiovisual product and computer software market in order. The administrative copyright and industry and commerce entities at all levels must cooperate closely, intensify their inspections and deal seriously with infringing activities of illegally copying audiovisual products and computer software.

4. In order to carry out the relevant provisions of the “Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property” and the “Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works”, acceded to by China, and to strengthen intellectual property protection in foreign economic relations and trade, it is necessary to enhance the function of Customs in protecting intellectual property and stopping import and export of infringing products, and to adopt necessary border steps to effectively stop import and export of infringing products. Customs must strengthen communication and cooperation with relevant entities and strictly carry out the intellectual property border steps according to law.

5. It is necessary to strengthen intellectual property protection work in the import and export of new technologies and new products. When an item of technology or a product is imported, a comprehensive it is necessary to completely find out the intellectual status of the relevant technology or product in order to avoid infringement disputes or other losses. Where an item of new technology or a new product is exported, proper inquiries must also be made with respect to intellectual property so that after the technology or product is exported it may not be copied by others or infringe the intellectual property of others. It is necessary to strengthen brand-name audiovisual products processing examination, approval and management using materials supplied by clients or imported and the manufacturing and distributing of such products in the form of joint ventures. Where an enterprise is entrusted by a foreign firm with such activities, it must find out through the relevant administrative intellectual property authority or service agency whether the foreign firm is the lawful proprietor of the particular intellectual property item and has the right to use it or not, the contract shall appoint, where enterprises performing the agreed processing or production and distribution of audiovisual products activities are accused of copyright infringement by a third party, defence duties as well as compensation duty where the accusation is established.

6. All sectors must take strengthening of intellectual property work as an important step for promoting scientific and technological progress and economic development within the sector. It is necessary to, according to the actual state of scientific, technological and economic development in the sector, vigorously develop sectoral intellectual property strategy and management research work in order guide to the adjustment of the product mix, scientific research and production of the whole sector. For those sectors with little autonomous research and development capacity, such as the pharmaceutical, chemical and computer software sectors, a preferential policy must be adopted to increase the input of funds for research and development and raise the capacity and level of autonomous research and development.

7. The controlling authorities for all science and technological development planning must take intellectual property work as an important link in the management of their plans and formulate a unified intellectual property strategy for implementation and development of the plans, and must especially strengthen research on investigation and analysis of intellectual property in the fields related to planning and the corresponding countermeasures, making intellectual property work running through the complete process of listing planning items, the resulting legal protection as well as the resulting commercialization, industrialization and internationalization.

8. Enterprises and work units must take intellectual property protection as an important content of establishing a modern enterprise system and a modern scientific research institutes system, raise their intellectual property scientific research institutes, abide by intellectual property laws and regulations, bring intellectual property protection strengthening into their own research, development, production, operation and internal management work, and shaping these into corresponding systems. Research and development of new techniques, new technology, and new products as well as the technical transformation of enterprises and work units must be closely combined with intellectual property work. They must use information on intellectual property to formulate correct strategies of research, development, production and operation and decide on an appropriate direction of research and technical line, raise the starting point, level and efficiency of research and development and avoid the emergence of unnecessary repetitive developments or arising of infringement disputes in scientific research and production.

9. All categories of sector associations in the scientific, technical, economic and cultural fields, together with specialized public organizations concerning intellectual property and socialized service organizations, are an important force in promoting implementation of intellectual property laws and strengthening intellectual property protection work. It is necessary to encourage and support the development of these organizations, guide them towards utilizing their flexible mechanisms and provide all sorts of intellectual property law consulting and other services to society. It is necessary to establish a number of intellectual property legal service organs to assist concerned parties in investigating infringing acts and evidence gathering so that the relevant disputes may be resolved through legal channels. The government entities concerned must fully develop vigour of these organizations making them become capable assistants of the administrative entities in protecting intellectual property.

10. At present, it is necessary to vigorously strengthen the training of intellectual property specialists and the widespread leading cadres and masses to propagate intellectual property protection work. Administrative intellectual property entities and science, technology, economy, culture, etc. entities must carry out in-depth propaganda intellectual property work in combination with the Second Five Year Plan for the Popularization of Legal Knowledge and strengthen intellectual property legal system education. The media must intensify intellectual protection reporting and fulfil satisfactorily propagation, education, and public opinion supervision work. Enterprise and work units must bring intellectual property law into their legal knowledge popularization educational plans. It is necessary to gradually raise the intellectual property protection consciousness and legal system sense in the whole society through deep, sustained propaganda and education, to create a desirable social environment favourable to intellectual property protection.

11. The relevant State Council entities may formulate, on the basis of this Decision, specific rules for strengthening intellectual property work in enterprises and work units.

关于进一步加强知识产权保护工作的决定

国务院 国发(94) 38号 1994年7月5日

保护知识产权是我国改革开放政策的组成部分,是促进科学、技术和文化事业繁荣发展,保障社会主义市场经济正常运行的重要制度。为适应国际科技经济一体化的趋势和加快恢复我国关贸总协定缔约国地位的客观要求,近年来,我国加快知识产权立法步伐,先后公布了《中华人民共和国商标法》、《中华人民共和国专利法》、《中华人民共和国技术合同法》、《中华人民共和国著作权法》和《中华人民共和国反不正当竞争法》等法律,并且已初步与国际标准接轨,对推动我国改革开放和现代化建设起到了积极作用。由于我国建立知识产权制度时间不长,全社会的知识产权意识还比较薄弱,有的地区和部门对保护知识产权的重要性缺乏足够认识,一些严重侵权行为不仅损害了产权所有人的合汉权益,而且损害了法律的尊严。为了切实加强知识产权保护工作,保障法律的贯彻实施,特作如下决定:

一、完善知识产权制度,切实加强知识产权保护工作,是当前深化科技、经济配套改革,扩大对外开放的重要内容,也是加快建立社会主义市场经济体制,实现与世界经济接轨的基本要求。各级人民政府要充分认识知识产权制度在推动科技进步和经济发展中的重要意义,正确处理局部利益与整体利益、眼前利益与长远利益的关系,把加强知识产权保护提到科技、经济、文化工作的重要议事日程,综合运用法律的、经济的和行政的手段,引导企业、科研院所和高等学校(以下称企事业单位)采取有效措施,切实保护自己的知识产权,充分尊重他人的知识产权,推动全社会树立尊重和保护知识产权的良好风尚,为公民和企事业单位的发明创造、文学艺术创作以及对外科技、经济、文化合作与交流创造良好的环境和条件。

二、保护知识产权是一项涉及立法、司法执法和行政管理等多方面的综合性工作,各有关部门要互相支持,密切配合,以形成统一、协调的知识产权保护体系。最近,全国人大常委会已审议通过关于惩治侵犯著作以的犯罪的决定,以增强制止和处罚知识产权侵权行为的力度。国务院将抓紧研究、制定对知识产权实行边境保护措施的行政法规。各级知识产权行政执法机关要强经职能,充实力量,提高效率。当前要重点加强各级著作权行政执法机关的力量,保障《中华人民共和国著作权法》的有效实施。知识产权行政执法机关在履行职责过程中,需要取得其他行政执法机关或者行政管理部门的配合,有关机关和部门都要履行职责过程中,需要取得其他行政执法机关或者行政管理部门的配合,有关机关和部门都要大力协助。对一些影响比较大的重要案件,知识产权行政执法机关可以会同科技、经济、文化、新闻出版、广播电影电视、公安等部门进行查处。要支持人民法院对知识产权案件的依法审判,支持有关人民法院根据需要设立知识产权审庭,切实加强审判力量,保障各类知识产权案件得到公正、及时的处理。在司法和行政执法工中,要打破地方保护和部门分割,遵循“有法可依、有法必依、执法必严、违法必究”的原则,严格贯彻执行法律法规,依法查处并制裁各类侵犯知识产权的行为。侵权行为情节严重、构成犯罪的,要依法追究有关人员的刑事责任,切实维护知识产权权利人的合法权益,维护社会主义法制的统一和尊严。为了进一步健全和完善我国知识产权管理制度,加强知识产权的宏观管理和统筹协调,国务院决定建立国务院知识产权办公会议制度。各有关部门要在机构改革中加强知识产权的管理机构并理顺关系,在我国形成行政管理和司法保护两套体系“双管”齐下、并行运作的体制,以增强保护知识产权的力度。

三、要大力加强对知识产权法律实施的监督、检查工作,建立日常监督和重点检查相结合的机制。国务院将不定期地组织各知识产权行政执法机关和科技、经济、文化、新闻出版、广播电影电视、公安等有关部门,对各地区、各部门贯彻实施知识产权法律的情况进行联合大检查,重点查处一些重要的、有影响的知识产权侵权大案,督促解决一些地方存在的执法不严和对侵权行为处罚不力的现象。这项工作要逐步形成制度,以切实保障知识产权法律的有效实施。当前,监督检查工作的重点是清理整顿音像制品市场和计算机软件市场。各级著作权行政管理部门和工商行政管理部门要密切配合,加强检查,严肃处理非法复制音像制品和计算机软件的盗版行为。

四、为了履行我国参加的《保护工业产权巴黎公约》和《伯尔尼保护文学和艺术作品公约》的有关规定,加强对外经济技术贸易中的知识产权保护,要强化海关在保护知识产权、制止侵权产品进出境方面的职能,采取必要的边境措施,有效地制止侵权产品的进出口。海关要加强与有关部门的联系和配合,依法严格实施知识产权的边境保护措施。

五、要加强新技术、新产品进出口中的知识产权保护工作。从国外引进技术或进口产品时,要全面了解有关技术或产品的知识产以状况,避免发生侵权纠纷或引起其他损失;向外输出新技术、新产品时,也要做好有关知识产权查询工和,防 &127;技术或产品出口后被他人仿制或侵犯他人的知识产权。要加强对来料、进料定牌加工和合资制作、发行国外音像制品的审批及管理工作。企业在接受外商委托赍事上述活动时,应当通过有关的知识产权管理部门或者知识产权服务机构查明外商是否为该项知识产权的合法拥有者、是否有权使用,在合同是应约定企业履行合同所进行的定牌加工或制作、发行音像制品活动被第三方指控侵权时的应诉责任以及指挥成立时的赔偿责任。

六、各行业要把加强知识产权工作作为推动行业科技进步和经济发展的一项重要措施。要针对本行业科技、经济发展的实际情况,积极开展行业知识产权战略和管理的研究工作,指导全行业的产品结构调整和科研生产工作。对于自主研究开发能力比较薄弱的医药、化工和计算机软件等行业,要采取倾斜政策,增加研究开发经费的投入,提高自主研究开发的能力和水平。

七、各项科技发展计划的主管部门要把知识产权工作为计划管理的重要环节,要针对计划的实施和发展制定统一的知识产权战略,特别要加强与计划有关的领域中的知识产权调查、分析及相应的对策研究,使知识产权工作贯穿于计划项目的立项、成果的法律保护以及成果商品化、产业化和国际化的全过程。

八、企事业单位要把保护知识产权作为建立现代化企业制度和现代科研院制度的一项重要内容,增强知识产权意识,遵守知识产权法律法规,把加强知识产权保护纳入本单位的研究开发、生产经营和内部管理工作并形成相应的制度。企事业单位的新技术、新工艺、新产品研究开发和技术改造应当与知识产权工作密切结合起来,利用知识产权信息制定正确的研究开发和生产经营战略,确定恰当的研究方向和技术路线,提高研究开发的起点、水平和效率,避免在科研和生产中出现不必要的重复开发或者发生侵权纠纷。

九、科技、经济、文化领域的各类行业协会以及专门的知识产以社会团体和社会化服务组织,是推动知识产权法律实施、加强知识产权保护工作的一支重要力量。要鼓励和扶持这些组织的发展,引导其利用自身的灵活机制,面向社会开展各种形式的知识产权法律咨询和服务。要建立一批知识产权法律服务机构,协助当事人对侵权行为进行调查,收集证据,通过法律途径解决有关纠纷。政府有关部门要充分调动这些组织的积极性,使其成为行政管理部门在保护知识产权方面的有力助手。

十、当前,要大力加强培养知识产权专业人才和对广大领导干部以及人民群众宣传普及知识产权保护知识的工作。知识产管理部门和科技、经济、文化等部门要结合第二个普法五年计划的实施,深入开展知识产权宣传工作,加强知识产权法制教育。新闻单位要对知识产权保护工作加强报道,做好宣传教育和舆论监督工作。企事业单位要把知识产权法律纳入本单位的普法教育计划。要通过深入、持久的宣传教育工作,逐步提高全社会的知识产权保护意识和法制观念,形成有利于保护知识产权的良好社会环境。

十一、国务院有关部门可以根据本决定制定加强企事业单位知识产权工作的具体办法。

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s