Notice Concerning Further Strictly Attacking the Crime of Intellectual Property Rights Infringement

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27 March 1995

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Procuratorates and Military Procuratorates:

In recent years, our country has given extremely high regard to intellectual property rights protection work, and has done large amounts of work in legislative, judiciary and law enforcement aspects. All levels’ prosecution organs coordinate closely with relevant departments, implement a legal supervision function, and have obtained certain achievements in investigating and prosecuting criminal intellectual property rights infringement. But, we should also be aware that, the consciousness of intellectual property rights protection is still relatively weak, unlawful and criminal intellectual property rights infringement activities still exist in large numbers, investigation and prosecution of unlawful and criminal intellectual property rights infringement activities must be further strengthened. On 11 January of this year, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate issued the “Notice Concerning Further Performing Intellectual Property Rights Protection Work”, deciding to extend the focus intellectual property rights law enforcement period that start on 1 January of this year to 31 August and concentrate forces to strengthen intellectual property rights protection propaganda, education and legal implementation at a nationwide level. In order to coordinate this operation, the following is notified:

I, Raising understanding, strengthening work consciousness. The intellectual property rights system has an important significance for promoting scientific and technological progress and stimulating economic development. Protecting intellectual property rights is a component part of our country’s reform and opening up policy, and is a need for stimulating scientific, technological and cultural undertakings’ flourishing and development and guaranteeing the regular operation of the Socialist market economy. Strengthening intellectual property rights protection work is a basic requirement for accelerating the establishment of a Socialist market economy system and realizing linking tracks with the global economy. All unlawful and criminal acts infringing intellectual property rights have damaged the dignity of the law, and infringed the lawful rights and interests of intellectual property rights holders, destroyed market economy order and influenced the development of our country’s foreign trade. All levels’ prosecution organs must make strictly attacking criminal activities of intellectual property rights infringement into an aspect of serving the Socialist market economy, fully give rein to their procuratorial functions, strive to effectively restrain unlawful and criminal activities of intellectual property rights infringement through this concentrated attack.

II, Grasping focus, expanding investigation and prosecution strength. All levels’ prosecution organs must strengthen links with culture, press and publications, industry and commerce, customs, public security, courts and other departments, tighten coordination and fully utilize the beneficial opportunity of the focus law enforcement period to strengthen investigation and prosecution of focus cases in criminal audiovisual product, book and periodical, and software piracy activities, criminal trademark counterfeiting, especially of famous trademarks, patent infringement as well as unfair competition crimes and other aspects listed in the “Notice” and production locations, distribution centres and sales points of infringing products. Cases that are currently handles must be speedily investigated and speedily concluded, speedily caught and speedily tried, we must strengthen public prosecution work in court and raise law enforcement levels.

III, Strictly enforcing the law, strengthening legal supervision. All levels’ prosecution organs must strengthen their intellectual property rights consciousness, grasp the laws and regulations protecting intellectual property rights and strictly implement them. They must dare to exercise their legal supervision duties over other organs that do not investigate crimes, replace punishment with fines and pass lenient sentences, and supervise them according to the law; in the process of handling cases, they must eliminate all interferences of local protectionism, correctly grasp the demarcation between crimes and non-crimes, firmly stop unlawful involvement in economic disputes and prevent shifting responsibility, disputing over trifles and handling cases in excess of authority.

IV, All levels’ prosecution organs in the process of investigating and handling intellectual property rights infringement cases, must pay attention to selecting model cases, openly report them through all sorts of news media, broadly and deeply propagate the prosecution organs’ activities attacking criminal activities, the achievements of protecting intellectual property rights, expose criminals, frighten criminals, encourage reports, carrying the legal system forward, raising the broad popular masses’ intellectual property rights consciousness and make it known to the international society that our country’s intellectual property rights protection laws have gained effective implementation.

V, Higher levels’ prosecution organs must timely grasp situations, strengthen guidance over and coordination with lower levels’ prosecution organs in investigating and handling intellectual property rights infringement crimes, and when necessary, must directly organize and command investigation and handling.

After the focus law enforcement period, all levels’ People’s Procuratorates shall still, according to the spirit of this “Notice”, perform investigation and prosecution work concerning criminal intellectual property rights infringement cases.

最高人民检察院关于进一步严厉打击侵犯知识产权犯罪的通知

(1995年3月27日)

各省、自治区、直辖市人民检察院,军事检察院:

近年来,国家十分重视知识产权保护工作,从立法、司法、执法方面做了大量工作。各级检察机关与有关部门密切配合,履行法律监督职能,在查处侵犯知识产权犯罪活动方面取得了一定成绩。但是,也应该看到,对知识产权的保护意识还较为薄弱,侵犯知识产权违法犯罪活动仍然大量存在,查处侵犯知识产权违法犯罪活动需进一步加强。最高人民检察院于今年1月11日下发了《关于依法严肃查处侵犯知识产权犯罪案件的通知》。最近,国务院办公厅发出了《关于进一步做好知识产权保护工作的通知》,决定将今年1月1日开始的知识产权重点执法期延长到8月31日,集中力量在全国范围内加强知识产权保护的宣传教育和法律实施。为配合这次行动,特通知如下:

一、提高认识,增强工作自觉性。知识产权制度对于推动科技进步,促进经济发展有着重要意义。保护知识产权是我国改革开放政策的组成部分,是促进科学、技术和文化事业繁荣发展,保障社会主义市场经济正常运行的需要。加强知识产权保护工作,是加快建立社会主义市场经济体制,实现与世界经济接轨的基本要求。侵犯知识产权的各种违法犯罪活动损害了法律的尊严,侵犯了知识产权所有人的合法权益,破坏市场经济秩序,影响我国对外贸易关系的发展。各级检察机关要把严厉打击侵犯知识产权犯罪活动作为服务于社会主义市场经济的一个方面,充分发挥检察职能作用,力求通过这次集中打击,有效地遏制侵犯知识产权的违法犯罪活动。

二、抓住重点,加大查处力度。各级检察机关要同文化、新闻出版、工商、海关、公安、法院等部门加强联系,密切配合,充分利用重点执法期这一有利时机,对《通知》中确定的音像制品、书刊和计算机软件盗版盗印犯罪活动、商标特别是驰名商标假冒侵犯、专利侵权以及不正当竞争犯罪等方面的重点案件和侵权产品的生产地、集散地和销售点加强查处。对于正在办理的案件,要快侦快结,快捕快诉,加强出庭公诉工作,提高执法水平。

三、严格执法,强化法律监督。各级检察机关要加强知识产权意识,掌握保护知识产权的法律、法规,并严格执行。对于其他机关有罪不究,以罚代刑、重罪轻判的,要敢于行使法律监督职权,依法监督;在办案过程中,要排除地方保护主义的干扰,正确掌握罪与非罪的界限,坚决杜绝违法插手经济纠纷,防止推诿扯皮和越权办案。

四、各级检察机关在查办侵犯知识产权案件过程中,要注意选择典型案件,通过各种新闻媒介公开报道,广泛深入地宣传检察机关打击犯罪活动,保护知识产权的成果,揭露犯罪,震慑犯罪,鼓励举报,弘扬法制,提高广大人民群众的知识产权法律意识,并向国际社会表明我国保护知识产权的法律得到了有效的贯彻实施。

五、上级检察机关要及时掌握情况,加强对下级检察机关查办侵犯知识产权犯罪工作的领导和协调,必要时要直接组织指挥查办。

重点执法期以后,各级人民检察院仍应当根据本《通知》精神,做好对侵犯知识产权犯罪案件的查处工作。

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