Cultural Undertaking Development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline
According to the spirit of our country’s “Ninth Five-Year Plan on National Economy and Social Development and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010”, the “Cultural Undertaking Development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline” is formulated, and has already undergone further revision and completion according to the spirit of the 6th Plenary of the 14th Party Congress, and submitted for discussion and revision in the national cultural office (bureau) chief meeting held in Beijing from 20 until 22 January. Now, the “Cultural Undertaking Development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline” examined and approved by the ministerial Party Committee and explained by vice-Minister Li Yuanchao, is printed and issued to you. Please arrange work in your localities and entities according to the spirit of the “Outline”, integrating the cultural work reality of your localities, strive hard to smoothly complete all items, objectives and tasks put forward in the “Outline”, and make our country’s social culture undertakings flourish and develop.
Cultural Undertaking Development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline
The socialist culture undertakings are an important content of the socialist spiritual civilization construction, and are also an important component of socialist modernization construction. Constructing socialist culture with Chinese characteristics is a basic and fundamental matter for vitalizing and making prosperous the Chinese people, standing on its own in the forest of people’s of the world. Making socialist cultural undertakings flourish and develop, has an irreplaceable important function in regard to satisfying the popular masses’ daily increasing spiritual culture life needs, raising all ethnicities’ ideology and moral level and scientific culture level, fostering socialist citizens having ideals, having morals, having discipline and having culture, promoting economic development and overall social progress, strengthening comprehensive national strength.
From now until 2010, is an important period in our country’s reform and opening up, and socialist modernization construction linking the past with the future, carrying forward the cause. The firm establishment of reform and opening up, and the socialist market economy system, especially the convention of the 6th Plenum of the 14th Party Congress, has provided extremely good opportunities for our country’s socialist culture undertaking development. We must grasp the opportune moment, accelerate construction of Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, making the Chinese national culture having a history of 5.000 years long become glorious again, and stride into the 21st Century with a brand new attitude.
According to the “Ninth Five-Year Plan on National Economy and Social Development and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010”, integrating our country’s cultural undertaking development reality, the “Cultural Undertaking Development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline” is formulated.
I, The cultural undertaking development situation in the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period
The “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period was a key period in our country’s transition from a planned economic system into a socialist market economy system, our country’s cultural undertakings, under the Party Central Committee leadership with comrade Jiang Zemin at the core, persisting in Deng Xiaoping’s construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics theory and the basic party line, persisting in the “Two Fors” orientation and the “Double Hundred” policy, vigorously moved cultural structural reform forward, all cultural undertaking categories developed flourishingly, obtaining remarkable achievements.
All levels’ culture controlling authorities persisted in taking Deng Xiaoping’s construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics as guiding principle, studies and utilized the positions, standpoints and methods of this theory, conducted system research and deep inquiry into a number of major theoretical problems in the cultural area triggered by economic performance method transformations after reform and opening up, and especially under the new circumstances of establishing a socialist market economy system, such as the relation of goods categorization of cultural products and their special characteristics, the relationship between cultural products and cultural markets, the relationship between social interest and economic interests, the relationship between genteel culture and popular culture, the relationship between ethnic culture and foreign culture, the relationship between cultural structural reform and economic structural reform, etc., and have made answers conforming to Marxist principles, thereby shaping a desirable wind of theoretical study amongst the broad cultural workers, strengthening cultural teams’ uniting on a correct knowledge base, and also raising all levels’ culture controlling authorities’ capacity to apply Deng Xiaoping’s construction of socialism with Chinese characteristics theory as guidance for cultural work practice.
Taking art performance troupe structural reform and especially Central Committee- subordinate theatres and troupes reform as focal point, cultural structural reform has been vigorously and reliably moved forward. According to the requirement that reform must be both adapted to the establishment of a socialist market economy system and the construction of a socialist spiritual civilization, and the guiding ideology that culture and art themselves conform to development laws, change of State financial input into theatres and troupes has been conducted over Central Committee-subordinate theatres and troupes and the first reform step has been implemented with performance subsidy systems as focus, establishing new relations between the State and theatres and troupes; with implementing distribution restructuring and assessment appointments as focus, a second reform step of new relations between the State and theatres and troupes, and theatres and troupes and performers has been established, which has successively obtained remarkable achievements, and have shaped the beginnings of an operational system with a scientifically reasonable distribution setup and vitality, and relatively stable funding source channels. At the same time, all other cultural undertaking categories; structural reform has been comprehensively moved forward. According to the uniform deployment of the Party Central Committee and the State Council, structural reform of central and local culture controlling authorities has been completed, establishing a basis for establishing a cultural management system adapted for the socialist market economy system and beneficial for the operational system of culture and art undertaking development.
In the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, and especially since the 14th Party Congress, all levels’ culture controlling authorities have forcefully guided genteel art, ethnic art and healthy common art, leading universal flourishing with excellent products, promoting excellent product production with universal flourishing, vigorously organized focus drama (programme) creation, production and performance, made a batch of new dramas (programmes) of which the ideological and artistic levels reached corresponding levels emerge. Amongst these, two thirds carried forward the main melody, art creation and production presents an overall picture of vigorous and upward themes, and healthy and varied forms. Genteel art and ethnic art represented by symphonies and Beijing opera are more and more liked by the popular masses. Nationwide, 2689 State-owned art performance troupes perform on average more than 400,000 performances per year, annual audience numbers are about 400.000.000, local or city-level or higher theatres and groups annually created and performed more than 300 new dramas (programmes). In the one-time per year Ministry of Culture “Excellent Culture Prizes”, in five years, a total of 26 programmes obtained the excellent culture grand prize, 120 programmes obtained the excellent new culture programme prize. A total of 260 persons in 72 international major art competitions won prizes. Social after-hours culture and art creation and performance is also fully dynamic, in the one-time per year Ministry of Culture “Galaxy Prize”, in five years, a total of 75 excellent works and programmes were selected for the gold medal, 15 for the silver medal and 250 for the gold medal. Large-scale activities such as the third and fourth China Art Fair, activities commemorating the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mei Lanfang and Zhou Xinfang, and the large-scale culture and art evening programme “Praising the Light” commemorating the 50th anniversary of the victory in the War of Resistance against Japan and the World War against Fascism, the one-time per year Ministry of Culture spring Festival Television Gala, New Year Concert, New Year Beijing Opera Gala, New Spring Concert (Folk Music), etc. were successfully organized, obtaining general praise from society.
During the “Eighth Five-Year Period”, a comprehensive cultural market including entertainment, music, fine arts, performances, films, cultural heritage, culture and art training, books and periodicals, etc., has developed swiftly. Persisting in the policy of “grasping flourishing with one hand, grasping management with one hand”, according to the cultural market management way of thinking of equally stressing flourishing and purifying, equally stressing protective inclines and restrictive taxation control, equally stressing government management and social supervision, a number of policy and regulatory documents strengthening cultural market management have been formulated and promulgated. Persisting in developing “Sweeping Pornography and Striking Illegality”, cultural market management organs and investigating and law enforcement team construction have been strengthened, especially macroeconomic regulation strength over the performance market has been expanded, the irregular situation of Hong Kong and Taiwan music stars flooding the screens and stages has been changed, centralized campaigns have been conducted in the audiovisual market, shaping the beginnings of a culture market situation that is dynamic and orderly, healthy and flourishing.
Cultural heritage work persists in the policy of “protection is central, rushing to save is first”, having smoothly completed a batch of ancient building maintenance projects represented by the palace in Lhasa, Tibet, a large batch of cultural heritage on the verge of destruction has been saved and protected in a planned and focused way. Complete investigations have ben conducted of cultural heritage in the region flooded by the Three Gorges Project, and plans for saving and protecting them have been formulated. During the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, in total, 1162 maintenance, protection and archaeological excavation programmes have been implemented, of those, 303 were relatively large-scale projects, a batch of museums and cultural heritage storehouses have been newly built or renovated, effectively protecting large amounts of collected cultural heritage.
Culture legislation progress has been further accelerated, cultural management progressively marches the track of legal systematization. During the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, the National People’s Congress, the State Council and the Ministry of Culture (including the State Administration of Cultural Heritage by the Ministry of Culture jointly with other ministries and commissions” have promulgated and implemented 77 cultural regulations. Of those, 2 were cultural statutory provisions, 3 were administrative culture regulations, 5 were culture regulatory documents, 43 were culture administrative rules and 24 were culture normative documents. All localities’ People’s Congresses and Governments also formulated a large batch of local culture regulations and rules.
Social culture and ethnic minority culture undertakings have had considerable development. During the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, focus cultural projects such as “Establishing Advanced Culture Counties”, “Ten Thousand Mile Border Culture Long Corridor Construction”, “Dandelion Plan” as well as “Culture Helping the Poor”, “Sending Plays Down to the Countryside”, etc., have been implemented, nationwide, 120 “Advanced Culture Counties”, and 83 advanced regions and work units in “Ten Thousand Mile Border Culture Long Corridor Construction” have emerged, and 13 “Dandelion Rural Children’s Culture Parks” have been created. Community culture, town and village culture, enterprise culture and school culture have all seen very large development.
In nationwide art education , a school system with complete categories, multiple levels and multiple forms has been shaped, 20 middle-level art schools have been newly constructed. In the entire country, secondary and higher art institutes and schools have increased new specializations adapted to the needs of social development, incessantly optimized specialization structures, broadened school-running approaches, and strengthened school-running vitality. During the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period, more than 40000 specialized art talents of all levels and all categories have been brought into society, an increase of 8% over the “7th Five-Year Plan” period.
Public libraries have gone from 2527 to 2615. A public library appraisal system has begun to be established, 47% of country-level or higher libraries reach the third-level or higher standard. Vehicle libraries are developed to 176 vehicles. One third of district or city-level or higher libraries begin to use computers. Libraries’ automatization and concentration software enters the phase of application, and a few provinces and cities have realized library region networking, the Chinese machine-readable catalogue has been distributed domestically and abroad, database construction is beginning to gain speed. All levels’ library service capacity and service levels have clearly risen.
Cultural science and technology and cultural art theory research have had new developments, and obtained more than 200 cultural science and technology achievements, among which 12 won the State science and technology progress award or invention award. The “Ten Large Culture and Art Compendiums” compilation work makes smooth progress. Focus state matters such as the “Chinese xiqu survey” , the “Introduction to Xiqu Art”, the “History of Chinese Drama”, the “History of Chinese Fine Arts”, etc., have been completed.
Externally, exchange channels with the Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan regions have been further broadened, the exchange surface incessantly expands, exchange programmes, varieties and human-hours have all greatly grown, dispatched exchange programmes reach 4652 times, and those coming into China 2385 times, which has engendered a vigorous function in enhancing the understanding and friendship with the peoples of all countries, stimulating the unification of the motherland and the return of Hong Kong and Macau.
The nationwide cultural system has used its own resource superiority to launch paid-for services and diversified businesses, and has obtained new progress in “supporting culture with culture” activities. A number of regions have developed in the direction of multi-layered and upscaled industries, self-development capacity has somewhat strengthened.
A batch of large-scale cultural facilities, such as the Shaanxi Province History Museum, the Shanghai Library, the Fujian Library, the Shanghai Museum, the Tibet Library, etc., have been built.
During the “8th Five-Year Plan” period, the main problems existing in cultural undertaking development are: cultural undertaking development lags behind economic development and development in other spheres of society; a number of localities give insufficient regard to cultural work, and have not put it in the position it should have; cultural undertaking input quantities are on the low side, and their proportions are also low; at the same time as having a very large development of cultural undertakings overall, cultural stations and other grass-roots cultural battle groups have somewhat atrophied; the objective put forward in the “6th Five-Year Plan” of having a library and cultural centre in every county and a cultural station in every township” has still not been realized; libraries’ book purchasing budgets are gravely lacking, the variety and quantity of new books entering collections has gone down for successive years; cultural facilities are insufficient, a significant part of the present facilities are old, shabby and backward; cultural art talents, and especially top-notch talents are still lacking, cultural art teams are not rationally structures, and their overall quality remains to be raised.
II, Guiding principles and struggle objectives
(1) Guiding principles
1, Persisting in taking Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping’s Theory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics as guidance, determinedly implementing the basic line and basic principles of the Party, determinedly implementing the principles of “grasping with both hands, both hands must be strong” and “the importance of constructing a spiritual civilization”, incessantly satisfying the popular masses’ daily increasing spiritual culture needs, raising cultural life quality, stimulating the complete progress of society, in order to foster idealistic, moral, cultured and disciplined Socialist citizens, making the necessary contributions to raise the ideological and moral quality and the scientific and culture quality of the entire nation.
2, Persisting in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism and the principle of “letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend”, “moulding the people with noble spirits, inspiring the people with excellent works”, carrying forward the main melody, advocating diversification, creating excellent works that do not fail to live up to the grand times, presenting glorious spiritual nourishment to the people. The broad cultural workers must go deeply into the masses, go deeply in to life, enrich and substantiate themselves, persist in integrating disseminating and raising, stimulating the complete flourishing and development of Socialist culture and art undertakings.
3. Persisting in the principles of “making the past serve the present, making the foreign serve China” and “weeding out the chaff to bring out the new” inheriting and carrying forward the excellent culture of the nation, vigorously attracting and absorbing excellent culture and art achievement from all countries of the world, making our country’s Socialist culture and art flourish and develop.
4, Persisting in putting social interest first, striving to realize the optimal integration of social interest and economic interest. Further perfecting cultural economic policies, expanding input, progressively shaping “environments and conditions beneficial for putting social interest first”.
5, Persisting in the principle of “grasping flourishing with one hand and grasping management with one hand”, forcefully fostering and developing Socialist culture markets. Supporting vigorous and upward, civilized and healthy cultural products, guiding cultural consumption, letting cultural markets flourish, enriching cultural life. Further strengthening cultural market management, standardizing market activities, safeguarding lawful business, attacking illegal business, protecting intellectual property rights, persisting in unremittingly “Sweeping Pornography and Striking Illegality”, making cultural markets develop in the direction of vitality, order, flourishing and healthy.
(2) General objectives
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, the main objectives of cultural development are: beginning to establish cultural undertaking management systems and operation mechanisms adapted to the Socialist market economy system, consistent with the requirements of constructing a Socialist spiritual civilization, and conform to the own development rules of culture and art; focusing on organizing 50 performance troupes representing national levels and having local or ethnic characteristics, creating 100 excellent art products with uniform ideology and artistry, having strong attraction and influence, that the people love to see and hear, and that suit refined and popular tastes; completely implementing focus cultural projects such as “building cultural advanced counties”, and the “10000 Li Border Cultural Long Corridor Construction”, the “Dandelion Plan”, “Cultural Poverty Aid” the “Knowledge Project”, the “Golden Culture Project”, etc.; establishing 50 libraries, museums, community art centres, art galleries, theatres and other symbolic cultural facilities displaying national and regional images, with the Great National Theatre as representative; completing and consolidating nationwide town and country culture networks, constructing 500 advanced cultural regions having a demonstration function; fostering 100 outstanding artists, folk art master and a batch of cross-century excellent culture and art talents and management talents; announcing 500 new cultural heritage protection work units nationwide, further expanding cultural exchange with the outside world and the Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan regions; making modern science and technology gain broad application in the cultural sphere; rationalized cultural structures beginning to take shape; cultural market development to be perfected, flourishing and healthy; beginning to establish relatively comprehensive cultural law and regulation systems adapted to the development of Socialist cultural work units, and having Chinese characteristics; cultural activities to become richer and more varied, letting the popular masses’ spiritual cultural life reach a moderately well-off level.
By 2010, the long-term objectives for cultural undertaking development are: establishing relatively perfect cultural undertaking management structures and operating structures that are full of vitality; cultural undertaking financial input channels to be further broadened, the material basis and conditions cultural undertaking development gaining a large improvement; basically building a “Golden Culture Project” with cultural electronic information service networks at the core; continuing the construction of the Grand National Theatre, the National (Art) Museum and a batch of other State and local focus cultural facilities, all categories of cultural facilities to be spread all over, extending into town and country; all art categories to be mutually supportive and mutually stimulating, letting a desirable picture of flourishing, development and letting a hundred flowers bloom emerge; public interest-type cultural undertakings to vigorously develop; cultural legal systems to become relatively perfect; cultural markets to flourish dynamically; cultural industrialization levels to rise greatly; cultural consumption to expand to a reasonable level in the people’s daily consumption, cultural life quality to rise clearly, the international influence of the Chinese nation’s excellent culture to expand day by day.
III, Basic tasks and concrete objectives
(1) Literature and art undertakings
Concentrating forces, planning comprehensively, focusing on organizing the creation and production of excellent art products. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, creating 100 excellent stage art products. Central Committee theatres and troupes to annually create and perform 10 excellent dramas (programmes), all provincial, autonomous region and municipal directly-subordinate art performance troupes to respectively roll out two to three newly-created excellent dramas (programmes). Creating a batch of excellent literature and fine art works. Establishing focus drama (programme) appraisal systems, strengthening guidance and coordination work over focus drama (programme) creation and production, beginning to shape focus frame (programme) creation and rehearsal mechanisms conform to artistic rules.
Strengthening management over literature and art awards, perfecting incentive mechanisms for literature and art creation. Continuing to organize the “Excellent Cultural Work Awards”, establishing “New Excellent Cultural Programme Awards” “Excellent Literature Awards”, “Excellent Fine Art Awards”, and “Excellent Cultural Organization Awards” on the basis of the original awards. All localities must also organize major representative culture and art awards in their regions. Establishing excellent drama (programme) propaganda and marketing systems, it is necessary to organize display, transplant and other activities concerning excellent dramas (programmes) selected winning “Excellent Culture Awards” and other culture and art awards in a planned way, expanding the social influence of prize-winning works.
Strengthening performance business management, progressively establishing performance mechanisms adapted to the market economy system. Central-subordinate theatres and troupes and all provincial, autonomous region and municipal directly subordinate theatres and troupes must perform no less than 100 times annually per theatre (troupe), city and county-level theatre troupes generally must perform no less than 200 times annually, county-level theatre troupes in remote and mountainous areas and ethnic minority regions must perform no less than 1000 time annually per troupe. Nationwide state-run art performance troupes must have a general performance output reaching 500000performances annually.
Strengthening art talent fostering, raising the overall level and comprehensive quality of art talents, establishing scientific and rational art talent structures. Strengthening drama office (creation office, art office) construction, establishing culture and art creation subsidy and award systems, supporting the creation of excellent art products. Every province, autonomous region and municipality is to establish one or two culture and art creation bases, in order to provide necessary conditions for writers and artists to go deeply into the masses and go deeply into life. By the year 2000, it is necessary to foster and select 100 excellent young performing artists, 100 excellent young writers, painters, playwrights, directors, stage design and production, art appraisal and other experts, and 100 excellent art performance troupe management talents. According to the rules and characteristics of performing arts, basically realizing that the artistic personnel of Central-subordinate theatres and troupes and provincial, autonomous region and municipal-subordinate theatres and troupes become younger. Shaping nationwide mechanisms for rational and orderly mobility of artistic talents.
Integrated with perfecting intellectual property rights protection, establishing paid-for usage systems for performance personnel and dramas (programmes) that are suited to the Socialist market economy. Standardizing aspects of dramas (programmes) such as transplantation, reproduction, broadcast, performance and staff member use and economic compensation, strengthening performing arts sector management, protecting the lawful rights and interests from all sides.
Continuing to deepen art and performance groups’ structural reform, focusing on moving forward local State-operated art and performance troupe structural reform, by the year 2000, completing the adjustment of nationwide art and performance troupes’ distribution structures, establishing distribution structures suited to all localities’ economic and social development levels, that satisfy the popular masses’ cultural life requirements, operating mechanisms that are full of vitality and financial source channels with long-term stability.
Establishing art and performance troupe appraisal systems, aiming at the characteristics of different kinds of theatre troupes, formulating complementary management measures and support policies. It is necessary to protect theatres (troupes) representing national or ethnic art levels. Organizing theatre troupes representing national artistic levels. Further strengthening country-level theatre troupe and professional folk troupe management, stabilizing grass roots specialized art teams.
Establishing government macro-level management structures of literary undertakings. Standardizing fine art undertaking management, completing collection and exhibition systems for fine artworks, giving high regard to the construction of art galleries and art academies. Vigorously launching healthy literature and art appraisal, giving rein to the correct guidance function of literature and art appraisal, stimulating the flourishing of artistic creation. Conducting artistic reform and innovation, exploring new art modes adapted to the development of the time, and the aesthetic requirement and enjoyment level of the masses.
Organizing one Chinese Art Festival every three years, as well as the annual Ministry of Culture Spring Festival television Gala, New Year Concert, New Year Beijing Opera Gala, and New Spring Concert (folk music); organizing cultural activities for large-scale celebrations such as the “1997 Return of Hong Kong”, the “1999 Return of Macau”, “50 Years of Founding the Nation”, “Welcoming the New Century”, etc.
(2) Art education undertakings
From the strategic height of fostering cross-century Socialist culture and art talents, giving priority to developing art education undertakings. All levels’ and all sorts of art schools must strengthen students’ education of world views, views of life and value systems according to the requirements of the “Three Facings”, disseminate and strengthen education of art talents’ quality, and foster the complete development of all levels’ and all categories of artistic talents in aspects of morals, knowledge, healthy, etc., for the sake of the construction of a Socialist spiritual civilization and the development of culture and art undertakings. By the year 2000, all levels’ and all categories’ cultural talent fostering total quantities are to basically satisfy our country’s culture and art undertaking development and modern construction requirements, shaping a basic framework for an art education system with Chinese characteristics, facing the social development requirements of the 21st century.
Higher art education must face society in running schools, and stress raising school-running quality and efficiency. Focusing on organizing good undergraduate courses and graduate-level education, constructing existing doctoral and master research students course specializations. Appropriately developing specialized education, focusing on fostering applied art talents. Appropriately developing foreign study fostering scales. Concentrating forces to construct existing higher art education institutes well, striving for one to two ministry-subordinate higher schools and a batch of focus coursed to enter the “211” Project. By the year 2000, nationwide higher art institute student numbers are to reach 28500, student intake numbers 9100 and graduation numbers 7700.
Forcefully developing secondary level art education, fostering all sorts of vocational secondary education art talents. By the year 2000, all provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities must focus on constructing one to two comprehensive backbone secondary-level art institutes having local development characteristics. The entire country must establish 15 national-level focus secondary polytechnics and 25 provincial-level focus polytechnics. Nationwide secondary art institute student numbers are to reach 45000, student intake numbers 20000 and graduate numbers 16000. National-level focus secondary polytechnics meeting conditions are to run pilot schemes on post-higher secondary professional education, and explore new paths for higher art professional education development.
Vigorously developing adult education with on-the-job training and continued education as focus points. Establishing nationwide culture and art professional personnel on-the-job and job transfer training systems. Adult degree education should develop towards diversification and professionalization. By the year 2000, adult degree education student numbers are to reach 35% of the total amount of common higher art institute students.
(3) Social cultural undertakings
Strengthening grass-roots cultural undertakings, fully giving rein to the functions of community art centres, cultural centres and cultural stations to further develop healthy and dynamic community culture, town culture, enterprise culture, and school campus culture. Vigorously developing multi-level and diversified holiday and vacation culture activities and public square cultural activities that are convenient for the masses to participate in. Conducting mass cultural festivals with characteristics well. Vigorously protecting, excavating and carrying forward excellent ethnic, folk and customary culture and art. Further perfecting mass culture award systems, continuing to organize the “Galaxy Awards” and the “Dandelion Awards”. By the year 2000, rolling out 500 excellent mass culture and art creation works.
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, continuing to strengthen the construction of country-level libraries and cultural centres, and village and township cultural stations. Adopting methods integrating the Centre with the localities, resolving cultural station location and arrangement problems. Establishing and standardizing cultural centre and station appraisal and ranking systems, implementing categorized management. By 2000, half of cultural centres and township and village cultural stations are to achieve a 3rd level or higher standard. Strengthening social culture undertaking management talent training, 60% or higher of community art centre and cultural centre specialized management personnel are to achieve higher vocational levels; middle-level and higher professional title personnel numbers are to occupy 50% of the total number of personnel or more.
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, it is necessary to have raising the quality of peasants as objective, have constructing a relatively well-off culture as main task, and further strengthen rural culture work. All localities must bring rural relatively well-off culture construction into general plans for economic and social development in those localities. Completing country, town (township) and village cultural networks with these three levels, consolidating rural Socialist culture battlefields. Persisting in launching activities for culture to go down to the countryside, cultural poverty relief, ten thousand rural book stacks, etc., continuing to implement the “sending games to rural children project”, developing mobile cultural vehicles. Strengthening management of rural film distribution and screening work, developing and consolidating rural grass-roots screening teams. Forcefully fostering masses’ leisure time performance teams and folk opera troupes, by 2000, cultural and art teams are to expand from the 40000 during the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” to 50000; folk opera troupes are to develop to 6000; folk artists are to increase to 20000. Continuing to move “Advanced Cultural County” creation activities forward, by 2000, having 500 county (regions) entering into the ranks of nationwide and provincial-level advanced cultural counties, and building 300art villages, each having characteristics and 100 children’s culture and art training bases. Continuing to move a batch of provincial and regional cultural projects forward.
Forcefully developing children’s cultural undertakings. Earnestly implementing the children’s culture and art “Dandelion Plan” formulated jointly by eight departments and commissions including the Ministry of Culture, the National Education Commission, the Ministry of Radio, Film and Television, the Administration of Press and Publications, etc., strengthening sector management over children’s cultural work, perfecting supervision and guarantee mechanisms. Grasping and implementing the construction of the second phase of the children’s culture and art “Dandelion Plan”. By 2000, striving to construct 100 national and provincial-level rural children’s cultural parks; producing 80 children’s dramas, 60 children’s films, 750 film cartoons (about 7500 minutes), 400 children’s television dramas, 250 children’s television sketches, 5100 minutes of children’s television cartoons, 100 children’s television dramas and 50 children’s radio columns. Community art centres and cultural centres of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities and districts (cities) meeting conditions are to set up children’s departments, county (region) cultural centres and cultural stations in townships meeting conditions set up children’s cultural activity rooms, 50% of all local (city) counties set up leisure children’s art schools (classes) and art troupes, provinces, autonomous regions, municipalities and districts (city) meeting conditions set up children’s cultural centres and independent public children’s libraries.
(4) Ethnic minority culture undertakings
Fully giving rein to the superiority of ethnic minority regions to exploit and use the cultural resources in which cultural minorities are rich, suiting measures to local conditions and conducting all ethnic minority region cultural construction well, stimulating all ethnic cultures’ joint flourishing. Progressively changing the situation that ethic minority region cultural undertakings are correspondingly backward, making them develop in step with cultural undertakings nationwide, and adapted to the local economic development. During the “9th Five-Year Plan”, building 5 cultural example autonomous prefectures and 20 advanced cultural autonomous counties. All ethnic minorities roster 1 to 2 famous singers with a high artistic level, that are generally accepted by society and 1 to 2 dancers, and have a representative song.
Conducting the construction of the 10000 li border cultural long corridor well, and thereby stimulating the development of border ethnic minority regions’ cultural undertakings. By the end of this century, it is necessary to have newly established or expanded (reconstructed) 4500 libraries, cultural centres, cultural stations, military camp cultural centres, clubs, youth houses, women’s houses, children’s cultural parks, workers’ cultural palaces, forestry workers’ gardens, agricultural clubs and other cultural facilities in border regions, fostering and creating a line of cultural teams composed of specialist culture and art workers, mass culture and art backbones and cultural management talents, making a line of border cultural facilities complete, cultural teams expanded, cultural activities richer and more varied, building a ring-like cultural network with rational structuring, and with parts linking up to form a whole. Protecting and develop ethnic minority culture and art, inheriting excellent ethnic minority culture and art traditions. Continuing do organize ethnic minority culture and art “Peacock Awards” well, during the “9th Five-Year Plan”, creating 100 ethnic minority excellent dramas (programmes) supporting ethnic minority drama variety construction, stimulating ethnic minority culture to flourish and develop; performing the second nationwide ethnic minority culture and art theatre festival well, organizing ethnic culture activities in many forms and varieties, incessantly satisfying the different cultural life requirements of the popular masses of all ethnicities; strengthening the vitality of ethnic minority region art performance troupes, carrying forward the spirit of Mongol mounted cultural troupes, even better giving rein to the function of these art troupes in letting ethnic art flourish and develop and going down to the grass roots to serve the popular masses of all ethnicities.
Strengthening ethnic minority cultural facility construction. By 2000, creating museums in 80% or more of the 30 autonomous prefecture. Establishing comprehensive and multi-functional county-level cultural activity centres in localities that are sparsely inhabited, including libraries and cultural stations. Developing 150 multi-functional mobile cultural vehicles in pastoral areas, mountain area, the Gobi, deserts and other places. Progressively renewing and allocating 200 vehicles for services in the villages for Mongol mounted cultural troupes and Mongol mounted cultural troupe-type culture and art performance teams.
Continuing to launch cultural work to support Tibet, implementing the “Cultural Support of Tibet Plan”, during the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, completing 50 cultural programmes supporting Tibet. Strengthening ethnic minority culture and art talent fostering, Central and relevant provincial, autonomous region and municipal art academies are to continue to organize ethnic minority classes, during the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, organizing 15 ethnic minority higher vocational classes.
(5) Library undertakings
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, libraries must on the basis of filling up the gaps, and expanding scale, and with library modernization construction at the centre, stress raising quality, optimizing book collection structures, stimulating resource sharing, strengthening service capacity, expanding the service areas of libraries and information market share, making documentary resource information become an important pillar of the national information highway’s main information streams and economic, science, technological and cultural development.
Strengthening library undertaking sector management, establishing and standardizing library registration and appraisal systems. Perfecting intra-library management. According to the principle of “regional coverage, close services”, basically constructing national, provincial, city, county and township library networks with five levels and rich book collections, complete categories and rational structures. Further improving library facility conditions, newly constructing a batch of libraries to act as regional symbolic buildings. Continuing to develop library vehicles, developing 300 of them by 2000. Nationwide county-level and higher public libraries’ annually added new book quantities to be 10 million, by 2000, county-level and higher library book collections’ total quantities to reach 380 million. Strengthening local documentary and characteristic documentary collections, doing all sorts of microfilming, audiovisual and electronic documentary collection work well, organizing electronic reading rooms, conducting digitalized library research and trials. Building complete bibliographic and documentary catalogues and databases of Chinese ancient, modern and contemporary publishing, in a planned and focused way construction all sorts of local documentary databases, exploiting and introducing all sorts of special subject databases and full-text databases satisfying social needs, progressively shaping documentary information service markets integrating social interest and economic interest.
Implementing “knowledge projects” with initiating reading, disseminating knowledge and promoting social civilization and progress as objective. With public libraries at the core, launching all sorts and categories of national and regional reading activities, conducting patriotic, collectivist and Socialist education and science, culture, morals and legal system education, disseminating the spiritual civilization, guiding people to love books, collect books, read books, use books and establish “civilized libraries”.
By 2000, the nationwide provincial-level libraries and district or city-level libraries and 40% of county-level libraries are to realize automated management, and begin to construct the “China Library Information Network” (CLINet) and the “Golden Picture” project, by 2000, district and city-level or higher libraries basically enter the network, county-level libraries’ percentage of entering the network to be 30%, and becoming an important component part in the national information highway. In the earlier period, developing computer network construction for libraries in Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, the Pearl River Delta and the Changjiang River Delta regions as well as provincial cities having a certain basis in automatized development, and linking up with the international network Internet and other main domestic information networks, realizing information resource sharing and electronic documentary transmission. Strengthening library information network standardization and normative work as well as planning, organization and coordination work, spreading the application of relevant library automatization national standards and cultural sector standards. By 2020, county-level and higher public libraries are to realize networking. Establishing a line of high-quality library work personnel teams. In a number of important professional positions, implementing position certification systems, fostering cross-century library specialist and management talents, focusing on fostering talents adapted to new types of information services.
(6) Cultural science and technology, and culture and art research
Forcefully developing culture science and technology undertakings, giving high regard to the huge transformation and influence that modern science and technology have brought about in the cultural undertakings, strengthening culture and art undertakings’ capacity to adapt to and develop with modern societies. Fully utilizing modern high and new technologies and methods to raise the science and technology content of cultural undertaking development, strengthening input into culture, science and technology input, accelerating the transformation of culture science and technology achievements into real productive forces. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, it is necessary to grasp the development trends of global high and new technology, focus on constructing cultural electronic information service networks integrating high and new technology and having a sector-guiding nature, and the “Golden Culture Project”. This project mainly includes the construction of national culture and art management information networks, Chinese libraries’ electronic information networks (Golden Library Project), art resource information networks, cultural heritage and museum resource networks, cultural market management and social service information networks, foreign-oriented cultural propaganda and exchange information networks, etc. Fully utilizing modern dissemination technologies, utilizing own talents and cultural resource superiority to conduct film, television and radio drama production and audiovisual compact disc product exploitation and production.
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, the main areas of cultural science and technology are to reach the advanced levels of the world in the Eighties, stage electronic lighting control technology is to continue to preserve similar levels as the international ones, vigorously adopting electronic technology and computer technology, launching research of modernized theatre lighting and sound control systems, stage mechanism systems and stressing shaping products, striving to raise scales, and raise grades. Having new developments in areas such as stage technology, music instrument technology and artistic voice prevention and cures, computer applications as well as library science and technology, etc.
At the same time as fully utilizing traditional cultural heritage science and technology and protection technology, strengthening cooperation between many departments and many disciplines and tackling key programmes. Popularizing and applying modern high and new technological means, focusing on researching extraction and protection technologies for organic matter at archaeological excavation scenes; earthen ruin protection and stone cultural heritage protection technology; technology for protection of murals and painted sculptures under moist environments and mould-proofing wooden buildings; cultural heritage protection environmental factors and quality standards and other programmes, striving to achieve or exceed advanced global levels.
Strengthening culture and art theory research, adjusting cultural science research distribution, doing focus course construction well. At the same time as giving high regard to basic theoretical research, strengthening the countermeasure-type research on the cultural undertaking status quo and development. By 2000, rolling out 10 nationwide art science focus research publications, 10 excellent youth theory publications and local focus theory publications, completing the editing and publishing work of the “Cultural Theory Construction Encyclopaedia of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics”, basically completing the arrangement, editing and publishing work of the “Ten Large Culture and Art Compendiums”.
(7) Cultural market management
Forcefully letting Socialist cultural markets develop and flourish, continuing to expand macro-level control over the cultural market through aspects such as quantity, distribution, structure and interest, etc., transforming from mainly developing scale quantities to mainly stressing quality and effect, the coordinated development of stimulating cities and towns, inland and remote regions’ cultural markets, making cultural market distribution and structures more rationalized.
According to the requirements of the State Council concerning the Ministry of Culture’s specialized management of the cultural market, further rationalizing cultural market management structures, strengthening specialized management. In audiovisual markets, focusing on grasping audiovisual product wholesale and rental sectors, vigorously moving forward trial work in the four large audiovisual wholesale markets of Beijing, Shanghai, Wuhan and Guangzhou, progressively shaping an audiovisual wholesale and retail system with large and middle cities at the centre, establishing audiovisual product rental networks, realizing chain operation; realizing the objectives of performance operation and management standardization, scientization and modernization in performance markets, establishing performance market computer network ticketing trial points in cities meeting conditions, striving to realize nationwide networking by the end of the “9th Five-Year Plan” period. Establishing three to five performance management organs linked up with international markets; strengthening the management of entertainment markets, forcefully developing healthy and beneficial cultural entertainment venues adapted to the consumption levels of the broad masses, strictly controlling highbrow cultural entertainment venue, strictly prohibiting the establishment of venues propagating feudal superstition under the name of developing cultural and tourism; strengthening fine art market management; strengthening artwork appraisal organs, assessing 200 national first and second level art galleries, establishing 3 to 5 artwork exchange centres nationwide that concentrate art creation, academic exchange, artwork exhibition and trade into one; strengthening and improving protection and management work concerning cultural heritage scattered across society, conducting general control of the scale of State-owned cultural relic business work units and shops for cultural relics sold abroad through quantitative measures, perfecting operational mechanisms, fully giving rein to their main channel function in cultural relic circulation. Establishing and perfecting cultural relic auction management rules, standardizing cultural relic purchasing, circulation, auctioning and collection management, attacking cultural relic smuggling, adding cultural relic export appraisal organs, from the present 17 to more than 30. Attacking infringement and piracy activities and film smuggling in film distribution and screening, strengthening film market management.
Continuing to perfect cultural market management law and regulation systems. Completing cultural market law enforcement organs, improving law enforcement teams, expanding law enforcement strength, during the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, implementing nationwide cultural inspection team administrative personnel allocation; safeguarding lawful cultural operations, protecting intellectual property rights, forcefully supporting healthy cultural products, causing a year-after-year rise of the market share of lawful and healthy cultural products. Establishing and perfecting cultural market management and supervision mechanisms. Establishing cultural operations sector organizations, strengthening sector self-discipline. Strengthening cultural market theory construction, stimulating cultural market management scientization and upscaling.
(8) Foreign-oriented cultural undertakings and cultural exchange with the Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan Regions
Realistically strengthening and perfecting specialized management of foreign-oriented cultural work. Further rationalizing structures and improving work, it is necessary to both strengthen macro-level regulation, and also muster the vigour of all sides. Fully giving rein to the special superiority of cultural foreign relations and cultural propaganda, further promoting Chinese culture to march towards the world, vigorously attracting excellent achievements of foreign culture and art.
In bilateral cultural exchange and cooperation, we must strengthen the leading and demonstration function of official exchanges, and on the basis of our country’s foreign relations policies and the real situation of different countries and different regions, in a focused manner doing intergovernmental exchange and cooperation well; under the presupposition of guaranteeing the quality of exchange, incessantly broadening foreign-oriented cultural exchange scale and scope; concentrating financial power and humanpower to do major foreign-oriented cultural exchange activities well, promoting the overall development of foreign-related cultural exchange work.
In multilateral cultural exchange, we must perfect management systems, comprehensive planning, vigorous participation in international art competitions, strive to obtain excellent achievements, and fully display the artistic development levels of contemporary China. In a focused manner supporting domestic existing international competitions and art festivals, continuing to organize the “Wuqiao International Artistic Festival”, the “Shanghai International Ballet Competition”, and the “Wuhan International Artistic Festival”, making preparations for international violin and piano competitions and international ethnic and folk music and dance festival, and other international art competitions having a certain influence. By the beginning of the 21st century, making our country become one of the international cultural activity centres with a high level in Asia and a relatively large influence globally, further establishing our international position of a large cultural country.
In a planned manner, pushing excellent products of our country’s xiqu, acrobatics, ethnic music dance and other categories abroad, making them enter into global art palaces. In global focus countries and regions, organizing or participating in art exhibitions, art performances, cultural heritage exhibitions and other comprehensive large-scale cultural activities. In a selective and planned manner importing foreign excellent cultural art products, striving to organize well the symphonic music year, the opera and dance drama year, the ethnic music year, the ethnic song and dance year, the fine arts year and other international artistic activities. Every year, organizing at least one global first-rate level art exhibition. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, on the basis of broadening scale and expanding scope, striving to raise the quality of foreign propaganda products; starting to realize the modernization of propaganda methods, raising the overall capacity of foreign-oriented cultural propaganda. Every year, compiling, publishing , and renewing the “Chinese Culture” collectaneum, annually providing more than 20 themed foreign propaganda films to embassies and consulates abroad, shooting the “Chinese Art” series of short films; annually organizing two high-level art exhibits to go to all influential exhibitions organ in the world for traveling exhibitions. Strengthening cultural foreign affairs cadre team construction, adding foreign cultural offices and groups abroad, sending more cultural cadres to reside abroad, broadening the coverage scope of foreign-oriented cultural work.
Revolving around the two large events of Hong Kong’s return to the motherland in 1997, and Macau’s return to the motherland in 1999, expanding cultural exchange with the Hong Kong and Macau regions, doing the work concerning the return of popular feelings well. Preparing the establishment of cultural exchange funds for the Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan regions. It is necessary to, according to the Centre’s policies concerning Taiwan work, uniformly plan, strengthen coordination of, stimulate officials with the people, and enhancing interaction concerning Taiwan-related cultural exchange work. Establishing culture and art broadcast organs in Hong Kong and Macau, strengthening foreign-oriented cultural dissemination and radiation strength, making Hong Kong and Macau become windows for foreign-oriented cultural exchanges. In a selective manner subsidizing high-level art troupes or individuals to go to Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan and organize cultural exchange in a non-commercial manner, incessantly strengthening the feeling of identification of Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan compatriots with the motherland.
(9) Cultural relic museum undertakings
Continuing to persist in the principle of “mainly protecting, putting saving first” and the guiding ideology of “effectively protecting, rationally using, strengthening management”, establishing cultural heritage protection systems adapted to the Socialist market economy system, conform to the requirements of constructing a Socialist spiritual civilization and cultural heritage protection rules, with State protection at the core and at the same time mobilizing the entire society’s participation. All levels’ cultural heritage protection work units must further deepen internal management structural reform, and raising management levels.
During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, continuing to do cultural heritage survey well, and it is especially necessary to collect forces to complete cultural heritage surveys in border and ethnic minority regions, focusing on doing underwater cultural relic surveys in the South China Sea and the Bohai Sea well. Newly publishing about 500 national-level focus cultural heritage protection work units, about 4000 provincial-level cultural heritage protection work units, and more than 100000 county-level cultural heritage protection work units. Strengthening and perfecting the protection and management of large ruins, giving high regard to the protection and management of outdoors cultural heritage, implementing protection and safeguards for a batch of important ancient buildings, caves and revolutionary sites. Continuing to do well the cultural heritage saving excavation and management of the Three Gorges project area, and bringing this into the general planning for the Three Gorges project.
In a focused manner, launching archaeological excavation and research, vigorously launching archaeological work related with the Xia, Shang and Zhou periods, strengthening the archaeological excavation and research of ancient cities, and border and ethnic minority regions. Giving high regard to and strengthening the application of modern science and technology in archaeological work. Annually arranging 800 to 1000 large and mid-scale archaeological excavations on average, amongst which archaeological excavation programmes coordinated with economic construction should reach more than 85%. Vigorously and reliably launching foreign-related archaeological work, progressively making Chinese archaeology march toward the world.
Establishing museum systems with national-level museums as leaders, provincial, autonomous region and municipal museums as backbone, driving local, sector and private museums’ overall development and structure rationalization, striving to achieve that by 2000, our country’s total museum quantity reaches 2000, and reaches 2500 by 2010. Incessantly enriching collections of cultural relics, doing cultural relic collection arrangement and especially that of precious cultural relics well, as well as filing work, compiling the “Nationwide Museum First-Level Collection Catalogue”, and completing the appraisal and filing work for second and third level collected objects as soon as possible. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, nationwide museums must annually roll out 40 excellent product exhibitions, with an annual audience quantity reaching 200 million viewers or more. Fully utilizing museums, memorial halls and related cultural heritage protection work units to conduct patriotic, revolutionary tradition and historical materialism education, doing patriotic education base construction well.
Fostering and training a batch of scientific pace-setters and high-level management talents that deeply love cultural heritage work, progressively shaping rational talent allocation, basically satisfying the demands of cultural heritage museum undertaking development, shaping a line of cultural heritage protection experts and academic teams that have a spirit of respecting work and relatively deep academic achievements in aspects of cultural heritage, archaeology, museums, cultural heritage protection science and technology, etc. Fully utilizing our country’s cultural heritage superiority broadening cultural heritage foreign-oriented exchange and cooperation channels, strengthening exchange and cooperation in aspects such as cultural heritage exhibitions, cultural heritage protection technology and cultural heritage protection science researchers, etc.
(10) Cultural facility construction
According to the principles of rational distribution, optimal structures and breaking through in focus points, forcefully strengthening public interest-type cultural infrastructure and facility construction. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, completing the construction tasks of “having a museum in every city, having a library and cultural centre in every country, having a cultural station in every town”. Municipalities, provincial capital cities and middle or large cities meeting conditions must, in a focused manner, construct a batch of libraries, museums, art galleries, grand theatres, community art centre and other symbolic cultural infrastructure and facilities with national or regional images, corresponding to the level of economic development. State focus art theatres and troupes, and focus art academies must all have a theatre, other art troupes and subordinate schools are to have rehearsal rooms. Strengthening cinema and film theatre construction. It is necessary to focus on safeguarding reform of dangerous and old building facilities, in a planned and gradual manner rebuild and renovate existing backward and shabby cultural facilities.
In the 5 – 15 years hereafter, focusing on conducting the construction of the National Grand Theatre, the National (Arts) Museum, the 2nd phase of the Beijing Library, the National History Museum and the Chinese Revolutionary Museum Extension Project. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, in a planned manner building Chinese xiqu institute rehearsal venues, the Beijing Municipal Jinhua Entertainment Tower, the new building of the Capital Library, the Tianjin Nature Museum, the Pingjin Campaign Memorial Hall, the Tianjin Acrobatics Theatre, the Hebei Provincial Arts Centre, the Shanxi Grand Theatre, the new building of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Library, the Liaoning Provincial Museum and Provincial Arts Centre, the Jilin Provincial Library, Provincial Museum and Provincial Community Arts Centre, the Heilongjiang Province Cultural Centre, the new building of the Provincial Library, the Shanghai Circus City, the Eastern Concert Hall, the Jiangsu Grand Theatre, the new building of the Provincial Museum, the new building of the Nanjing Library, the new building of the Zhejiang Library, the Zhejiang Nature and Science Museum Specimen Display Building, the Anhui Provincial Library, the Provincial Fine Arts Gallery, the Fujian Grand Theatre, the Fujian Provincial Museum, the Jiangxi Province Community Arts Centre, the Provincial Museum, the new building of the Shandong Provincial Library, the Provincial Concert Hall, the Henan Arts Palace, the Hubei Theatre, the Wuhan Concert Hall, the Hunan Provincial History Museum, the Provincial Polyvalent Film and Theatre Building, the Guangdong Provincial Performing Arts Centre, the Guangdong Xinghai Concert Hall, the Guangxi Ethnic Culture and Arts Centre, the Guangxi Nature Museum, the Hainan Provincial Library, the Provincial Song and Dance Theatre, the new building of the Sichuan Province Museum, the new building of the Library, the Provincial Cultural Exchange Tower, the Provincial Children’s Activity Centre, the Chongqing Cultural Arts Centre, the Guizhou Provincial Museum reorganization and expansion project, the new building of the Provincial Library, the Yunnan Provincial Library, the Provincial Ethnic Culture Activity Centre, the Tibet People’s Theatre, the Shaanxi Provincial Library, the Shaanxi Culture and Arts City, the Gansu Dunhuang Arts Tower, the Qinghai Provincial Museum, the Provincial Ethnic Culture and Entertainment Activity Centre, the Ningxia Autonomous Region Culture and Arts Centre, the Ningxia Red Flag Theatre, the Xinjiang Autonomous Region Community Arts Centre, the Xinjiang Production-Construction Corps “Military Reclamation of Wasteland Museum” and a batch of other provincial-level cultural facilities.
All sorts of public cultural facility construction must be brought into general town and country construction planning, and arranged to have relatively good locations, rational distribution, to be convenient for the masses, and be of use close by. In the process of urban renewal land displacement, it is necessary to guarantee that cultural facilities have land sectors of corresponding level. When tearing down cultural facilities, it is necessary to demolish one and build one. In famous historical cultural cities and regions correspondingly rich cultural or historical remains, striving for financial departments’ transferring funds of no less than 10% of annual urban maintenance fees to be used for the protection and safeguard of cultural relics. Levying 3% of the building cost per square metre for newly-built urban residential communities as a cultural facility supplement fee, to be used for public-interest type cultural facility construction in those communities. It is necessary to implement preferential policies for cultural facility construction, including the free-of-charge provision of construction land or reducing land lease fees, mitigating all sorts of tax in construction, it is necessary to have a certain proportion of the funds from lease income to be used for public interest-type cultural facility construction in that locality.
IV, Main measures and policy guarantees
(1) Deepening cultural structural reform, completing operational mechanisms for cultural undertaking development
Further deepening cultural structural reform is the basic path for the flourishing and development of culture and art undertakings. It is necessary to, according to the requirements of constructing a spiritual civilization, abide by the internal rules of cultural development, giving rein to the vigorous function of market mechanisms, continuing to move cultural structural reform forward.
Administrative cultural management departments must transform government functions, establish strong macro-level control systems. Differentiating the situation of all sorts of cultural work units, and guiding them in a differentiated manner, rationalizing the relationship between the State, work units and individuals, progressively shaping state guarantee focus points, encouraging society to initiate the development setup of cultural undertakings. Formulating sector standards and norms, strengthening the macro-level management of cultural undertakings. Conducting specialized sector management of the nationwide cultural market as well as arts performance troupes, libraries, museums and all sorts of culture and arts activities. Stimulating all sorts of cultural undertakings to develop in a healthy and coordinated manner. Continuing to deepen the structural reform of arts performance troupes, art academies, libraries, museums, community art centres, cultural centres and other cultural undertaking work units, strengthening internal management, correctly dealing with the relationship between social interest and economic interest, progressively shaping management structures and organizational mechanisms that are both competitive and encouraging and responsible and binding, fully giving rein to the guiding function of State-organized culture.
(2) Strengthening the construction of the cultural legal system, managing cultural undertakings according to the law
All levels’ administrative culture departments must vigorously move cultural legislation and law enforcement work forward, completing and perfecting cultural law and regulation systems. During the “9th Five-Year Plan” period, formulating basic cultural laws and regulations, beginning to establish a complete cultural law and regulation system adapted to the development of Socialist cultural undertakings, and having Chinese characteristics. Researching the formulation of a “Cultural Law”, striving to roll it out at the beginning of next century, making it become a guiding mother law for the culture and arts sector, and provide legal support for the development of cultural undertakings. Striving to roll out as soon as possible the “Cultural Market Management Regulations”, the “Commercial Performance Management Regulations”, the “Cultural Entertainment Sector Management Regulations”, the “Artwork Commerce Management Regulations”, the “Cultural Market Inspection Regulations”, the “Cultural Centre (Station) Regulations”, the “Nationwide Minors and Children’s Culture and Art Undertaking Management Regulations”, the “Public Library Regulations”, the “Museum Management Regulations”, the “Cultural Relic Auctioning Management Regulations”, the “Historical Famous Cultural City Protection Regulations”, the “Nationwide Foreign-Oriented Cultural Exchange Management Regulations”, the “Supplementary Provisions Concerning Adjusting Foreign-Oriented Culture Specialized Management Duties”, the “Secondary Art School Establishment and Management Rules:, the “Management Rules for Domestic and Foreign Enterprise and Undertaking Work Units Assisting and Participating in Foreign Cultural Exchange Activities”, the “Reward and Punishment Rules for Foreign-Oriented Culture Specialized Management”, the “Foreign-Related Art Performance and Exhibition Management Regulations”, the “Management Regulations for Society Supporting Cultural Undertakings”, the “Nationwide Art Science Plan Focus Research Theme Management Rules”, the “Nationwide Art Science Research Excellent Achievement Award Rules” and other relevant laws and regulations. Also, adopting effective measures to bring departmental rules and administrative regulations with mature conditions up to the level of law, striving to formulate the “Library Law” before the year 2000; and formulate the “Cultural Market Law” and the “Museum Law” by the year 2010, in order to change the present situation of the low effectiveness and standing of cultural law and regulation. It is necessary to timely formulate implementation regulations for already promulgated cultural laws and regulations, and earnestly implement them. Laws and regulations of which the legislative period is still relatively early, such as the “Cultural Heritage Protection Law”, and that need to be revise, it is also necessary to grasp perfection of revision. All localities must also formulate corresponding local cultural regulations on the basis of the local cultural work reality.
Persisting in equally stressing law enforcement and legislation, forcefully strengthening cultural law enforcement strength. Continuing to propagate and disseminate cultural law and regulation knowledge across the entire country, making cultural laws and regulations deeply enter people’s hearts. Establishing and completing administrative culture redress systems. Completing cultural market inspection organs, substantiating cultural market inspection teams, improving law enforcement work conditions.
(3) Implementing cultural economic policies, strengthening cultural undertaking input.
Earnestly implementing the State Council “Some Regulations Concerning Further Perfecting Cultural Economic Policies”. All levels’ cultural controlling departments must concretely consult on “cultural undertaking construction fees” and “special propaganda and culture development funds” with relevant departments, and transfer a reasonable proportion for the use of cultural departments; formulating concrete regulations to encourage “contributing to cultural undertakings”, managing and using the “special excellent drama (programme) creation and performance fund”, the “10000 Li Border Culture Long Corridor Subsidy Funds” and other special funds well, implementing national preferential tax policies for cultural undertakings. Expanding input into cultural undertakings, encouraging social investment to initiate culture, progressively shaping fundraising mechanisms and multi-channel input systems adapted to the requirements of the Socialist Market Economy. Implementing a series of cultural economic policies put forward by the 6th Plenum of the 14th Party Congress and in other documents. All levels’ controlling departments for culture must, under the leadership of the Centre, the State Council and local Party Committees and governments, vigorously coordinate with relevant department to implement and use all following policies: the policy that the expansion extent of cultural undertaking input is not lower than the extent of growth of financial income, the policy of levying cultural undertaking construction fees; the policy of establishing and completing special fund systems for cultural undertakings; the policy to encourage social forces to subsidize cultural undertakings; the policy to expand input into less-developed Central and Western regions and ethnic minority regions’ cultural undertakings; the policy to properly use a certain proportion of border construction funds and ethnic region development funds for cultural undertaking construction; the policy to expand subsidy funds for the “10000 Li Border Culture Long Corridor”; the policy to grant financial guarantees to government-initiated public culture undertaking work units; the policy to grant a single category for special appropriations budgets from public library purchasing budgets in all levels’ financial budgets, and progressively expend it following economic growth and the extent to which book prices rise; the policy to expand support strength for spiritual products reflecting national and ethnic learning and artistic levels; the policy to expand support strength to art schools and performance troupes representing national levels, and localities with State focus cultural heritage protection work units, that have a representative level, and ethnic characteristic art troupes, the policy to continue to implement the “Four Priorities” of cultural facility construction, culture and art talent fostering, foreign-oriented cultural exchange and cultural heritage protection for ethnic minority regions’ cultural undertakings, etc., etc. Realistically resolving the problem that the quantity of inputs into cultural undertakings is on the low side, and that proportions are on the low side.
Continuing to perfect relevant cultural economic policies. Striving to clearly provide and implement a zero-tax rate in adjustable tax for investors constructing cultural facilities such as museums, art galleries, concert halls, theatres, cinemas, etc., as well as cultural work unit personnel residences implementing tax exemption, reduced tax rates, tax rebate after levying, tax returns and a number of other different preferential tax policies for cultural undertaking work units launching paid-for services and many sorts of operations, as well as income obtained by newly-established economic bodies, differentiating different categories of work units; implementing multi-channel and multi-form fundraising policies, which mainly include: all levels’ banks broadening lending to cultural undertakings, and implementing low-interest, government discounts and other preferential policies to public interest-type cultural programmes and activities; bringing large cultural enterprises and groups into domestic debt and share distribution planning policies, establishing policies for cultural investment funds, cultural economic development funds, culture and art development funds, cultural scientific research and development funds and cultural heritage protection funds, all levels’ financial departments establish policies for revolving funds for cultural industry development, supporting cultural industry start-up, supporting focus programme launching, etc.
(4) Developing cultural industries, strengthening cultural vitality
Further liberating thoughts, transforming concepts, according to the requirements of the Centre’s “Two Basic Transformations”, at the same time as organizing all undertakings well, continuing to launch “subsidizing culture with culture” activities, fully utilizing cultural resources to initiate cultural industries, and progressively shaping economies of scale, incessantly strengthening the self-regulation capacity and “self-help” functions of cultural undertakings under the conditions of the Socialist market economy.
Eastern coastal regions must develop towards high-level and upscaled industry. Central and Western regions must create conditions to strive to reach the level of the Eastern regions in the “Eighth Five-Year Plan” period during the “9th Five-Year Plan” period. Cultural industries’ output value is to grow annually by 15% or more. Striving to achieve that cultural work units meeting conditions have a good product, and that every county has a pillar industry.
Focusing on supporting film and television production and audiovisual disc production sectors, the cultural tourism sector, the art intermediary sector, the information service sector, the culture and art training sector, the cultural entertainment sector, the stage facilities sector and other superior sectors having a guiding and pillar nature. Forcefully developing these products with high technology, strong market competitiveness and high efficiency.
On the basis of the new characteristics of the present stage of economic development and market competition, encouraging commercial culture work units to complement each others’ superiorities, stimulating the rational pooling of assets, talent, technology and other resources, shaping large-scale cultural enterprise groups with excellent talents, high and new technology, branded products and high-efficiency commercial work units as drivers, that operate across sectors and regions with assets as nodes. Strengthening management of intangible assets and real estate, preventing that State-owned assets are eroded through cooperation, partnerships, foreign investment, sale or replacement, important cultural facilities’ and cultural work units’ real estate sale or transfer to other users must be examined and approved by the controlling department for culture of one level higher.
It is necessary to continue to expand preferential policies and input support strength for cultural economies that are in the early growth phase. For work units launching commercial cultural activities, persisting in maintaining their nature and personnel allocation; persisting in not reducing funding because of income through commercial activities; persisting in not changing preferential policies related to commercial activity income to be used to subsidize culture; standardizing the distribution and application of commercial work units’ after-tax profit, dealing well with the relationship between subsidizing culture, market competition and enterprise development, within a certain period, permitting the complete or a certain proportion of it to be kept for use in commercial development.
(5) Realistically strengthening leadership over cultural work
All localities shall on the basis of the requirements of the “‘Ninth Five-Year Plan’ for the Development of Economic and Social Development and Long-term Prospects and Objectives for 2010 Outline” and the spirit of the resolution of the 6th Plenum of the 14th Party Congress and this Plan, integrating the realities of each, on the basis of earnest investigation and research, further formulating “9th Five-Year” plans for cultural undertaking development in their regions and long-term objective outlines for the year 2010, and bring them into the long-term planning for economic construction and social development in their regions, bring them into annual work plans, bring them into government budgets, earnestly organize implementation, strengthening inspection and supervision, making them become powerful weapons for conducting macro-level regulation of cultural undertakings.
Cultural undertakings are undertakings of the entire Party and the entire People, and are the basic undertakings of social development. Realizing that everyone can enjoy vigorous, healthy, rich and varied cultural lives, relates to the personal interest of every citizen. All levels’ Party Committees, governments and relevant departments shall give this high regard and forceful support, and must persist in “grasping with both hands, both hands must be tight”, deploying cultural work and economic work together, implementing it together and inspecting it together, “like completing economic work tasks, guaranteeing the completion of cultural work tasks”. All levels’ Party Committees and governments must further strengthen leadership and management over cultural work, realistically resolve the real problems in cultural work, stimulate the coordinated development of cultural construction and economic construction. All levels’ controlling departments for culture and the broad culture and art workers must further strengthen a sense of urgency and of responsibility for developing cultural undertakings, have staunch confidence, inspire spirits, do solid work, and struggle hard for the complete realization of the cultural undertaking development “Ninth Five-Year Plan” and long-term prospects and objectives for 2010 outline.