State Council Secretariat Notice on Transferring the Ministry of Information Industry and State Administration of Radio, Film and Television Opinions Concerning Strengthening Radio and Television Cable Network Construction and Management
GBF No. (1999)82
17 September 1999
All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate bodies, the Ministry of Information Industry and State Administration of Radio, Film and Television “Opinions Concerning Strengthening Radio and Television Cable Network Construction and Management” has been approved by the State Council, and is hereby transferred to you, please comply with and implement it.
Opinions Concerning Strengthening Radio and Television Cable Network Construction and Management (Ministry of Information Industry, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, 13 September 1999)
China’s radio and television transmission network already has a history of nearly 50 years of development. In the beginning after founding the country, development of radio broadcast networks already began. In the early Eighties, the development of cable television began. In the Nineties, radio and television network construction entered a phase of rapid development, and now, about 2.25 million kilometres of cable television transmission networks have been constructed. Since the year 1992, cable television networks have developed at a speed of adding 10 million households per year, by December 1998, the nationwide cable television user number reached 770 million, the number one position in the world. Radio and television and their transmission networks have become an important component part of national informatization. In order to guarantee the safe broadcast of radio and television programmes, avoid duplicate construction of cable transmission networks, hereby, the following opinions concerning strengthening radio and television network construction and management are put forward:
Article 1: Persisting in preventing duplicate construction
It is necessary to persist in implementing the “State Council Secretariat Notice Concerning Strengthening Radio and Television Transmission Network Construction and Management” (GBH No. (1998)33) and other relevant regulations, integrate the real situation of radio and television departments, formulating strongly concrete and feasible measures, grasping the implementation of requirements such as practicing separation of government and enterprises in radio and television transmission network construction and management, establishing enterprise-type radio and television transmission enterprises, accepting the comprehensive planning and administrative management by the controlling department for information industry, realistically avoiding duplicate construction, etc. Complying with the spirit of the State Council comrades’ target concerning the necessity to fully utilize the present telecommunications networks and radio and television departments may install cable television access networks, radio and television cable network construction is divided into two situations to deal with: the first category is that radio and television transmission optical backbone lines from the central to the county levels, where the radio and television departments have not built them, they shall in principle not be built anymore. State telecommunication network backbones and other already constructed networks must be fully utilized through all sorts of methods, and no duplicate construction is to be undertaken anymore. Where new construction is truly required, it must conform to national informatization planning and be approved by the controlling department for information industry. The other category is city, district and county or lower radio and television distribution networks, and is also city and county radio and television stations’ front-end broadcast networks reaching the users, whish are to be shaped into correspondingly complete specialized networks by radio and television departments, in order to adapt to the special requirements of radio and television programme management and developing users. New construction of the part of distribution networks above users’ contact points, must agree with the comprehensive planning of the controlling authority of information industry; the connection part of distribution network are to be arranged by radio stations and television stations on the basis of users’ requirements.
Article 2: Guaranteeing the safe transmission of radio and television programmes
Following the development of science and technology, radio and television has already become the broadest news medium of the masses on the basis of its own technological superiority, and is an important battleground for public opinion and propaganda. This sort of particularity must be fully tested for in radio and television transmission network construction. At the same time, under the circumstances that it will be necessary for China to further open up to the outside world, it will also be necessary to consider how to guarantee the safe transmission of radio and television programmes, therefore, at the same time as providing for the establishment of radio and television network transmission companies, accepting the sectoral management of the controlling department for information industry in aspects such as formulating radio and television transmission network comprehensive planning and nationwide unified technological standards, etc. in order to provide the necessary conditions for managing radio and television propaganda closely and well, there must be further clarification, and establishment of cable television channels, establishment of on-line broadcast front-ends and operation of radio and television programme transmission business, etc., must be permitted by the controlling department for radio and television.
Article 3: Accelerating the pace of radio and television sector reform
(1) Establishing enterprise-type radio and television transmission network companies. Integrating the reform of the radio and television sector and the spirit of the Centre concerning eliminating fragmentation and eliminating overflow, with the existing radio and television network assets as basis, with provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities as work units, establishing companies, districts (cities) and counties shall establish branch offices or subsidiary companies and unify operations and management of radio and television transmission business. The question of reorganizing national optical backbone cable assets already constructed by the State Administration of Radio Film and Television will be subject to specialized research, and plans to deal with it will be put forward afterwards. There may be two sorts of methods of subordination for radio and television transmission network companies’: the first is to bring transmission network companies into groups on the basis of provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities reorganizing radio and television groups that include radio stations and television stations; the second is to earmark transmission network assets already formed by all levels’ radio and television departments into radio stations or television stations at the same levels, where the radio and radio stations or television stations establish radio and television transmission network companies. Transmission network companies guarantee the transmission safety of radio and television programmes according to relevant State regulations, and at the same time deal with the cooperation relationship with telecommunications and other aspects. Before relevant regulations are made, radio and television transmission network companies are not to go on the market for the time being, where there is a real need, individual cases are to be reported for approval. Radio stations and television stations and their broadcasting business, programme production and broadcasting operations may not go on the market.
(2) Forcefully extending public channels. On the basis that county-level radio and television implements unifying the three stations, the provincial-level television station produces a set of public programmes to provide to all county television stations in their jurisdiction for broadcast, from which certain timeslots are provided to county-level television stations to broadcast the news and special theme programmes they produced themselves. Moving the merging of district (city) and provincial-level wireless television stations and cable television stations forward, further optimizing the rational allocation of resources and reducing internal contradictions.
Article 4: Substantially reducing network royalties
At present, the fees for renting telecommunications networks are excessively high, and renting networks is less worthwhile than establishing networks. In order to change this sort of phenomenon, it is necessary to determine reasonable prices as soon as possible, and bring rental fees down to levels at which work units using networks feel that building networks is not as good as renting networks, and avoiding duplicate construction from mechanisms.
Article 5: Continuing to comply with the division of work between telecommunications departments and radio and television departments
According to regulations, telecommunications departments may not engage in radio and television business, and radio and television departments may not engage in telecommunications business, this must be determinedly implemented.
Article 6: Protecting the lawful rights and interests of consumers is the common responsibility of the whole society
The State encourages and supports all organizations and individuals into conducting social supervision over activities harming the lawful rights and interests of consumers. Mass broadcast media shall do propaganda on safeguarding the lawful rights and interests of consumers well, and conduct public opinion supervision over activities damaging the lawful rights and interests of consumers.
各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府，国务院各部委、各直属机构： 信息产业部、国家广播电影电视总局《关于加强广播电视有线网络建设管理的意见》已经国务院同意，现转发给你们，请遵照执行。关于加强广播电视有线网络建设管理的意见（信息产业部 国家广播电影电视总局 １９９９年９月１３日）
国家鼓励、支持一切组织和个人对损害消费者合法权益的行为进行社 会监督。 大众传播媒介应当做好维护消费者合法权益的宣传，对损害消费者合 法权益的行为进行舆论监督。