CCP Central Committee Some Opinions concerning Strengthening and Improving Ideological and Political Work

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29 September 1999

Giving high regard to ideological and political work, is our Party’s fine tradition and political superiority. The whole history of our Party’s leading the revolution and construction proves that grasping ideological education is the core segment of uniting the entire Party to conduct the grand political struggle; ideological and political work is the lifeline for economic work and all other work. In the process of reform, opening up and developing the Socialist market economy, closely integrating new historical conditions and fully giving rain to the Party’s political superiority, have an important immediate significance and long-term significance.

I, Fully understanding the importance of strengthening and improving ideological and political work

Under the resolute policymaking and correct leadership of the Party Centre with comrade Jiang Zemin at the core, we have obtained a decisive victory in the struggle against the “Falun Gong” organization, but, we must be aware of the complexity, acuity and long-term nature of this struggle. This is a serious political struggle of vying for the masses and vying for the ideological battlefield, it relates to the basic faith of Communist Party members, relates to the basic ideological basis for the united struggle of the people nationwide, and relates to the future destiny of the Party and the county. The emergence of the “Falun Gong” problem has deep social and historical causes and a complex international background, for a while, its political nature and serious danger has not attracted sufficient vigilance from us, to such an extent that it led to the gravest political incident since the political storm of 1989. The comrades in the entire party must take this as a lesson, draw inferences from this example, earnestly summarize experiences and lessons, strive to strengthen Party ideology and political work, organizational work, propaganda work and mass work, in order to provide powerful guarantees to realize the magnificent objective across centuries. This struggle with the “Falun Gong” organization, fully illustrates that in a new historical period, controversies and struggles in the ideological sphere are intricate and complex, and will sometimes still be expressed acutely. If Marxism does not go and occupy the ideological battleground, non-Marxist or anti-Marxist things will inevitably occupy it. Persisting in “grasping with both hands, and both hands must be strong” and realistically strengthening and improving ideological and political work, are major and urgent tasks put in front of the Party.

(2) Since the 4th Plenum of the 13th Party Congress, our Party has adopted a series of important measures to strengthen and improve ideological and political work. Persisting in using Deng Xiaoping Theory to arm the entire Party and educate the cadres and the people; persisting in the correct public opinion orientation, deeply conducting education on patriotism, collectivism, Socialism and the spirit of working hard and being enterprising; broadly launching mass-type spiritual civilization construction activities, concentratedly propagating a large batch of advanced models reflecting the spirit of the times, striving to enrich people’s spiritual cultural life; closely linking the Party with the masses, mustering the vigour of the people of all ethnicities in Socialist modernization construction. Ideological and political work has obtained clear achievements, and has had an important effect in stimulating reform, development and stability. At present, our country is in a key period to storm the fortifications of reform and development, complex and deep changes have happened in social situations, economic elements and economic interest have diversified, social life methods have diversified, social organization forms have diversified, employment positions and employment method have diversified, this becomes more clear every day, and has brought large amounts of new situations and new issues for ideological and political work. At the same time, Western hostile forces have not given up the wild ambition to subjugate us, and intensify their ideological and cultural infiltration through all sorts of channels, ideological and political work faces a grave challenge. But the problem of “one hand being strong, one hand being soft” has not yet been basically resolved in a number of localities and departments, a number of leading cadres bury themselves in their work, and do not pay attention to researching social ideological and political trends; some grass-roots Party organizations are in a weak and lax condition, and have not given rein to the necessary functions in ideological and education aspects; also, problems of not being adapted to new changes in social life, coverage not reaching the stipulated goal, the focus not being strong as well as methods and means being backwards exist in ideological and political work. If we do not realistically reverse these sorts of situations, but lower our guard against all sorts of erroneous thinking trends, leave them unrestricted and uncurbed, we will commit historical errors. Against this, the comrades in the entire Party must strengthen a mentality of concern, maintain a clear mind, raise political vigilance, and from the height of consolidating the Party’s governing position and completing the Party’s historical task, grasp the research and resolution of questions of strengthening and improving ideological and political work.

II, Ideological and political work must persist in the correct principles and policies

(3) We must persist in taking Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought and Deng Xiaoping Theory as guidance, persist in the basic Party line, principles and policies. We must arm people with scientific theory, guide people with correct public opinion, mould people with noble spirits and hearten people with excellent works, fostering citizens with ideals, morals, culture and discipline. We must make idealistic and faith education into a core content, guide the broad Party members, cadres and masses to establish and construct a common ideal of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, establish a correct worldview, view of life and value system, and to struggle in unity to construct a wealthy, strong, democratic and civilized Socialist and modernized country.

(4) We must persist in taking economic construction as the core, and serve the large picture of the work of the entire Party and the entire country. Economic construction is our Party’s and country’s central task, reform, development and stability are the larger picture of our Party and country. The key to resolving all China’s problems, is that we must rely on deepening reform and accelerating development under the precondition of maintaining social and political stability. Ideological and political work must closely revolve around this centre of economic construction, closely integrate all lines of work, and provide strong spiritual drivers and ideological guarantee for reform, opening up and Socialist modernization construction.

(5) We must persist in starting from reality, strengthening focus and effectiveness. Ideological and political work must stand on uniting all forces that can be united, mustering all vigorous factors, change negative factors into positive factors, guide, protect and give rein to the vigour of cadres and masses well. We must persist in starting from the reality of the primary stage of Socialism, start frim the reality of the ideology of the broad cadres and masses, integrate advanced requirements with broad requirements, differentiate levels, have definite goals, pay attention to real effects. We must believe in and rely on the masses, enlighten the masses to educate themselves and raise themselves. We must persist in the principle of implementing democracy and the policy of persuasion, and do more work of removing doubts and dispelling uncertainty, raising understanding, unifying thoughts and concentrating feelings against problems of ideological understanding among the cadres and masses. We must persist in stressing politics, and must stand firm against major principle problems, showing our true colours. We must persist in struggling with all sorts of erroneous thinking trends, and can absolutely not let them spread unchecked.

(6) We must persist in integrating education with management. The fostering of noble ideology and morals and the shaping of fine social customs, must both rely on patient and painstaking ideological education and rely on strict management with scientific norms. We must grasp the establishment and completion of relevant legal and regulatory systems; strengthen management over all aspects of society according to the law, merge the ideological and moral principles that we advocate into scientific and effective social management, making self-discipline integrate organically with discipline by others, and internal control merge with external control, shaping a fine social environment fighting for justice against evil, carrying forward the good and punishing the evil.

(7) We must persist in integrating the resolution of ideological problems with resolving real problems. Without a correct ideology and a noble spirit, it is impossible to move our undertaking forward. If we do not pay attention to resolving the real problems of the masses, ideological education will be removed from the masses, and it will be difficult to achieve real results. Strengthening ideological and political work must both speak to reason, and must solve real problems, listen to the calls of the masses, understand the emotions of the masses, and be concerned about the suffering of the masses. We must earnestly implement all Party policies, and do more work that wins the hearts of the people, warms the hearts of the people, and stabilizes the hearts of the people, realize good things, and do things well, and truly bring the warmth of the Party and the government into the bottom of the masses’ hearts.

(8) We must persist in relying on common action of Society under the leadership of the Party. Ideological and political work involves all aspects of economic and social life. Not only Party organs and propaganda departments must do it, other Party departments and government departments, as well as labour unions, the Youth League, the Women’s Union and other people’s organizations and other social organizations must do it as well. We must fully give rein to the important function of social science, press and publication, literature and art workers and education, science and technology workers. We must fully muster the vigour of all sides of society under the unified leadership of Party committees, and shape work mechanisms with clear responsibilities, that grasp management together in the entire society.

III, Deeply and soundly conducting ideological and political education

(9) Making the use of Deng Xiaoping theory to arm the Party and educate the cadres and the people into a primary tasks of ideological and political work, broadly conducting education of the basic Party line and the basic Party programme, conducting education on patriotism, collectivism, Socialism and a spirit of hard work and enterprise. We must closely link up with theoretical and practical problems in reform and construction to strengthen the focus and real effect of work, and enable the broad cadres and masses to even more consciously implement the basic Party theory and the basic line. We must persist in conducting education on recent Chinese history, Chinese Communist Party history and the basic national situation, conduct education on the fine traditions and revolutionary traditions of the Chinese nations, conduct education on safeguarding national unity, and forcefully carry a patriotic spirit forward. We must continue to propagate the magnificent spirit of fighting against floods, encourage the cadres and masses to struggle arduously, forge ahead and remain enterprising. At present, we must grasp the beneficial and opportune moments of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the New China, welcoming Macau back into the motherland, and welcoming the arrival of the new century, to concentrate the propaganda of China’s process of struggle and its glorious achievements of the last fifty years and especially the twenty years of reform and opening up, look forward to a glorious prospect, enhance morale, inspire spirits, and unify the entire Party’s thoughts and actions around the spirit of the 15th Party Congress, and concentrate the wisdom and strength of the people of all ethnicities in the entire country around all tasks determined by the 15th Party Congress.

(10) strengthening Marxist materialism and atheism education, forcefully advocating a scientific spirit. The dialectical materialism and historical materialism in Marxism are a scientific worldview and methodology. We must broadly propagate its basic tenets and basic viewpoints, help and guide people to clearly distinguish materialism from idealism, atheism from theism, science from superstition, and civilization from ignorance, and strengthen their capacity to distinguish and resist idealism, feudal superstition and all sorts of false science. We must completely and correctly propagate the Party’s religious policies, vigorously guide the adaptation of religion to Socialism. We must persist in unremittingly disseminate scientific knowledge, disseminate knowledge in natural science, medicine and hygiene, scientific fitness, the four miseries of human life and other aspects that closely correspond to the masses’ daily lives, help people to grasp scientific thoughts and scientific methods, and strive to shape a trend of loving science, studying science and using science in the whole society.

(11) Strengthening education on situational policies, the democratic legal system and safeguarding social stability. We must regularly conduct education on the international and domestic situation, guide the cadres and masses to understand the beneficial conditions and harmful factors ahead, and to not be blindly optimistic when considering questions at times when circumstances are good; and to not be disheartened when running into difficulties and setbacks, but seeing the bright side. We must strengthen education on democracy and the legal system, disseminate knowledge about the Constitution and laws, guide people to strengthen their conception of the legal system, persist in handling matters according to the law, observing discipline and law, to not participate in illegal organizations, to not participate in activities harming social and public order, to determinedly struggle with acts using feudal superstition to destroy society as well as all unlawful phenomena, and consciously safeguard the larger good picture of stability and unity.

(12) Strengthening a Socialist moral construction with serving the People at the core and with collectivism as principle. Vigorously conducting social and public moral, professional ethics and household virtue education, guiding the broad masses to abide by moral standards and raise moral quality, to be good citizens in society, to be good workers in work units, and to be good members of households. Vigorously advocating attacking the most importance to the national interest, attaching the most importance to the people’s interest, and broadly propagate a spirit of doing more good things for society and the people. Firmly opposing and resisting Mammonism, hedonism and individualism. We must firmly grasp the formulation of the “Citizen Moral Construction Implementation Outline”

IV, Vigorously exploring the rules and methods of ideological and political work under new circumstances

(13) Our Party has accumulated rich ideological and political work experience in its long-time practice of revolution and construction, this is our precious spiritual wealth, and we must closely inherit it and carry it forward in integration with new circumstances. At the same time, we must be aware that under the economic conditions of reform and opening up, and developing the Socialist market economy, the environment, tasks, content, channels and targets of ideological and political work have seen great change. If we cannot adapt to this sort of change, and only simply repeat the old methods and old ways of the past, it will be difficult to achieve good effects, and matters may even run counter to our desire. We must persist in liberating thoughts, seeking truth from facts, go deeply into the grass roots, go deeply into the masses, examine and understand new situations and new problems, earnestly research the characteristics and laws of ideological and political work under new circumstances, vigorously open up new channels, explore new methods and create new experiences. We must determinedly oppose and prevent formalism, and completely maintain the vitality and vigour of ideological and political work.

(14) Fully giving rein to the important function of news media in ideological and political work. Newspapers, radio, television and other news media are important channels to conduct ideological and political education, their influence in society grows ever large, and they must be grasped in the hands of the Party. The propaganda of all news media must persist in the principle of the Party nature, persist in seeking truth from facts, persist in unity, stability, encouragement and giving first place to positive propaganda, and must closely grasp the correct public opinion orientation. We must stick close to the masses, stick close to reality and stick close to life, earnestly perform model propaganda, hot topic guidance and public opinion supervision, strengthen the attractiveness, infectiousness and persuasiveness of propaganda education. We must forcefully carry forward a correct social atmosphere, timely conduct forceful exposure and criticism of all sorts of erroneous ideological trends and evil social phenomena, we may absolutely not provide a public opinion battlefield for them. We must strengthen management over social life-type newspapers and periodicals, and entertainment-type radio and television programme. Strengthening the analysis of Internet information, and in a focused manner, expand online propaganda strength and raise propaganda quality.

(15) Making mass-type spiritual civilization construction activities into an important carrier for ideological and political work. Spiritual civilization construction activities with “stressing civilization, establishing a new trend” as main content is an effective channel to conduct ideological education for the masses and raise the civilization level of the whole society, and is a new method to strengthen the Party’s mass work. Creating civilized cities and civilized towns, civilized sectors and all other construction activities must all put the focus of attention on raising the ideological, moral, scientific and cultural quality of the masses, and make the masses to receive education and obtain improvement through participation. Persisting in picking up matters from concrete facts, organizing a few things with a large function, large influence, that are welcomed by the masses, building close links between the Party and government with the masses, strengthening the trust and support of the popular masses for the Party and government.

(16) Paying regard to giving rein to the function of culture in social education. Spiritual products and social cultural life have an unobtrusive influence on people’s ideological conceptions and moral integrity. All cultural work must persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, persist in the policy of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend, carry forward the main melody, advocate diversity, inherit and carry forward the nation’s excellent culture and revolutionary culture traditions, vigorously attracting global excellent culture achievements, we must persist in putting social interest first, and strive for the integration of social interest with economic interest, persist in opposing pure profit-seeking, and forgetting integrity when tempted by gains. We must forcefully carry forward  community culture, town culture, enterprise culture and school culture, broadly launching mass-type culture and sports activities that are rich, varied, healthy and beneficial. Cultural centres, libraries, museums, science and technology centres, sports centres and all sorts of mass activity centres must face towards society, serve the masses, and fully give rein to their function in ideological and political education. We must persist in grasping flourishing with one hand and grasping management with one hand, resist the influence of feudal cultural waste and foreign degenerate culture, deeply and lastingly launch the struggle to “sweep away pornography and strike illegality”, and create a healthy social and cultural environment. At present, relevant departments must concentrate on thoroughly cleansing away publications propagating feudal superstition and fake science, or that  have grave political problems.

(17) Stressing the use of advanced models to influence and spur the masses. The advanced collectives and advanced persons having emerged in large numbers during reform, opening up and modernization construction have reflected the spirit of the time, and are examples for practicing the Socialist spiritual civilization. We must adopt many kinds of methods to forcefully propagate their moving achievements and noble qualities. We must improve propaganda methods, let the masses feel that they inspire affection, respect, trust and learning. All sectors and all industries must pay attention to discovering and summarizing their advanced models, and achieve that there are models to study and objectives to pursue, to form a fine atmosphere of advanced trends, advanced study and advanced competition in the whole society.

V, Implementing ideological and political work tasks among the grass roots

(18) At present, the weakness of grass roots ideological and political work is a prominent problem, we must adopt effective measures to reverse this as quickly as possible. Enterprises, villages, schools, scientific institutes, neighbourhoods and other grass roots work units must all, on the basis of their own reality, resolve the problem of implementing ideological and political work tasks among the grass roots well.

Enterprises ideological and political work must integrate deepening reform, establishing modern enterprise systems and raising economic efficiency. State-owned enterprises and State-controlled enterprises’ Party organizations must realistically give rein to their core political function, strengthen leadership over ideological and political work, fully rely on labour unions, the Communist Youth League as well as worker representative conferences to conduct ideological and political education. We must strengthen enterprise culture construction, foster Socialist enterprise spirits, and guide the broad workers to give rein to their protagonist function even better. We must give high regard to ideological and political work in enterprises in difficulties, the Party organizations in these work units must earnestly perform the work of uniting the masses, stabilizing people’s emotions and overcoming difficulties. All localities and all relevant departments must adopt measures to strengthen ideological and political work in  collective enterprises, township and village enterprises, private and foreign-invested enterprises, as well as individual industry and commerce companies.

Rural ideological and political work must integrate running towards moderate comfort, and construction a new Socialist countryside. We must start from the reality of the countryside, and focus on launching education on the Party’s basic line and rural policies, education on Socialist and collectivist spirits, education on transformation of social conditions, education on the democratic legal system and education on science and culture. We must integrate ideological education with creating civilized households and civilized towns even more closely, advocate science and eradicate feudal superstition; advocate civilization, and overcome ignorance and backwardness; advocate thrift and oppose extravagance and waste. We must strengthen rural culture infrastructure construction, expand radio and television coverage, and organize activities for the “three moving to the countryside” of culture, science and hygiene.

Schools’ ideological and political work must revolve around the basic task of fostering Socialist undertaking constructors and successors. Schools at all levels and all categories must earnestly implement the Party’s education policies and persist in the Socialist orientation in running schools, They must persist in using Marxism to guide education work, and can absolutely not provide a stage and a battleground for erroneous ideological trends. We must substantiate and improve the education content of ideological and moral classes and political theory classes, integrate school education with social practice, completely move moral quality education forward. We must realistically strengthening the ideological and moral construction of teaching teams, enabling them to bear the tasks of fostering talents meeting qualifications even better. The youth is the future of the motherland and the hope of the people. Strengthening their ideological and moral education relates to the fate of the country and the prospects of the nation. The entire Party and the entire society must care for the ideological and moral construction of youth, schools, households and society must closely coordinate, to create a fine environment for their healthy growing up.

(19) We must give high regard to and strengthen ideological and political work in communities. Following the development of the Socialist market economy, communities’ functions in strengthening urban management, serving residents’ lives and stimulating social progress has grown ever larger. We must revolve around raising residents’ quality and the level of urban civilization, earnestly research and vigorously explore channels and methods for community ideological and political work. We must integrate ideological and political work with community construction and community management, and implement it in all segments of creating civilized households, civilized apartment compounds and civilized districts, shape new forms of interpersonal relations with unity and mutual support, fairness and affection. We must let management reside inside service, fully use all sorts of life and culture facilities in communities, advocate resource sharing, and provide comprehensive social services to residents. We must select people with a relatively high quality, who are in their prime to replenish neighbourhood and residents’ committee leadership ranks.

Following economic development and the rise in the people’s living standards, our country’s elderly population has increased year by year, we must earnestly perform ideological education work of the elderly and especially those that are retired or on pension. Retired and pensioned old comrades have made vigorous contributions to revolution and construction, and we must earnestly implement relevant policies, care for their lives, ensure that they are provided for, that they are happy, and at the same time care for their ideology, ensure that they have something to learn and something to study. This must become a focus point of community work, to be earnestly organized and implemented.

(20) We must fully pay attention to performing ideological and political work for laid-off workers and migrant labourers. We must enthusiastically care for the thoughts and lives of laid-off workers and  enable them to get rid of worries and overcome difficulties. Vigorously moving re-employment projects forward, leading laid-off workers to establish correct occupation selection views and a spirit of self-strengthening and self-sufficiency, help and encourage them to become enterprising again in a new position. Relevant urban departments and recruiting work units must timely understand the ideological situation of migrant workers, and realistically bear the tasks of managing and educating them.

(21) We must grasp guidance and management over social organizations. In recent years, our country’s social organizations developed rapidly, and have had a vigorous effect in society, economy, cultural life and foreign exchange. At the same time, the problems that they are excessive in number, lack guidance and negligent in management exist. Relevant departments must, on the basis of conducting earnest clean-up and rectification of existing social organizations, perfect management systems and standardize social organization conduct. We must, on the basis of the real situation, establish and complete Party organizations in social organizations having conditions for the establishment of Party organizations. All Party organizations must respect State laws and regulations, persist in the correct political orientation and strive to perform ideological and political work for the masses to which they relate.

VI, Realistically strengthening Party leadership over ideological and political work

(22) Persisting in “grasping with both hands, both hands must be strong” is an important principle emphasized often by the Centre. The more reform deepens, opening up expands, and the Socialist market economy develops, the more we must pay regard to ideological and political work. All levels’ Party Committees (Party groups) must raise understanding, determinedly correct and prevent neglect of erroneous tendencies in ideological and political work, list this work in the important matters agenda, research it regularly and strengthen inspection. We must establish and complete ideological and political work responsibility systems, Party Committee (Party group) number one leaders must bear the primary responsibility, other leading members must also clarify tasks and take their responsibilities. All provincial, autonomous region and municipal Party Committees may, on the basis of need, establish ideological and political work joint conference systems with participation of responsible persons from relevant sides. All levels’ Party and government leading cadres must strengthen their sense of politics, sense of the larger picture and sense of responsibility, and take the lead in performing ideological and political work. We must make the achievements of work into an important basis for appraising leadership ranks and leading cadres. Ideological and political work can absolutely not remain in conferences and documents, but its implementation must be grasped. We must strengthen investigation and research, timely grasp social ideological trends, adopt measures in a focused manner, go to the bone, and grasp results. We must oppose bureaucratism, pay attention to regular analysis of factors influencing social stability, and resolve questions in the initial stage. We must absolutely report important situations according to the facts, and can absolutely not report only the good and hold back the bad. We must punish the relevant leading responsibility over those bungling opportunities and creating grave effects. According to the needs for raising quality, optimizing structures and facing stability, constructing a line of ideological and political work teams who are strong in politics, good in their work and have a correct work style. We must select a batch of middle-age and young cadres having both ability and integrity, and bring them into these teams. We must pay attention to caring for and fostering ideological and political workers, help them to raise their ideological and political quality and professional ability, and we must give rewards and awards to those with prominent achievements.

(23) Earnestly implementing the principle of strictly governing the party, strengthening the Party’s cohesion and combat capacity. Since reform and opening up, the broad Party masses have given rein to a pioneering and model function in all aspects, the main stream of Party teams are good. But, there are also a small number of Party members and even cadres who are indifferent towards ideals, waver in their faith, lose their willpower, and have an empty spirit, some have been captured by erroneous thinking trends, some hanker after feudal superstition activities, some have become corrupt and degenerate, fell into the mire of law-breaking and crime, which gravely harmed the image and prestige of the Party, and also weakened the effect of conducting ideological education over the broad masses. During this “three talks” education, all levels’ party organizations must earnestly summarize experiences and lessons concerning prominent problems existing in Party member education and management aspects, establish and complete strict requirements, strict management and strict supervision systems over Party members. Party members and especially leading cadres must talk learning, talk politics, talk the correct atmosphere, strengthen Socialist and Communist ideals and convictions, persist in serving the People with their whole hearts and minds, strictly observe Party discipline, consciously accept supervision from the Party and the masses, must first achieve themselves what they require the masses to achieve, absolutely not do themselves what they require the masses not to do, and be an example for the masses through their actual conduct. We must continue to strengthen the construction of a clean and honest Party style, deeply and lastingly launch the struggle against corruption, and we must firmly punish corrupt elements harming the interest of the Party and the people according to Party discipline and State law.

(24) We must make strengthening Party grass roots organization construction into a pressing task and grasp it. The Party grass roots organizations are the basis for the Party’s overall work and fighting strength, and bear an important function in ideological and political work. All levels’ party committees must closely integrate new situations and tasks, earnestly research and resolve problems of grass roots organization construction weaknesses. We must pay attention to establish and complete Party grass roots organizations and strengthen education for and management over Party members aimed at the new situation of the daily increase of all sorts of economic organizations and social organizations and the large amount of the labour force moving between industries and migrating between regions. The Party grass roots organizations must strengthen self-construction, fully give rein to their function as fighting fortresses, perform ideological and political work thoroughly and in detail, unite and lead the masses to firmly struggle with all sorts of unhealthy trends and evil practices, guaranteeing the implementation of the Party line, principles and policies.

Party Committees (Party groups) in all localities and all departments must, on the basis of the above opinions, and integrating their own reality, earnestly research and formulate concrete measures, grasp implementation, and report the implementation situation to the Centre before the end of this year.

中共中央关于加强和改进思想政治工作的若干意见

(1999年 9月 29日)

高度重视思想政治工作,是我们党的优良传统和政治优势。我们党领导革命和建设的全部历史证明,掌握思想教育,是团结全党进行伟大政治斗争的中心环节;思想政治工作,是经济工作和其他一切工作的生命线。在改革开放和发展社会主义市场经济的进程中,紧密结合新的历史条件,充分发挥党的这一政治优势,具有重要的现实意义和长远意义。

一、充分认识加强和改进思想政治工作的重要性

在以江泽民同志为核心的党中央果断决策和正确领导下,我们对“法轮功”组织的斗争取得了决定性的胜利,但是,必须看到这场斗争的复杂性尖锐性和长期性。这是一场争夺群众、争夺思想阵地的严肃的政治斗争,关系到共产党人的根本信仰,关系到全国人民团结奋斗的根本思想基础,关系到党和国家的前途命运。“法轮功”问题的出现,有着深刻的社会历史原因和复杂的国

际背景,对它的政治本质和严重危害,在一段时间里没有引起我们足够的警觉,以至酿成1989年那场政治风波以来最严重的政治事件。全党同志必须以此为戒,举一反三,认真总结经验教训,努力加强党的思想政治工作、组织工作宣传工作和群众工作,为实现跨世纪的宏伟目标提供有力保证。这次同“法轮功”组织的斗争,充分说明在新的历史时期,思想领域的矛盾和斗争错综复杂,有时还表现得相当激烈。思想领域的阵地马克思主义不去占领,非马克思主义和反马克思主义的东西就必然去占领。坚持“两手抓、两手都要硬”,切实加强和改进思想政治工作,是摆在全党面前的一项重大而紧迫的任务。

(2)党的十三届四中全会特别是十四大以来,我们党采取一系列重要措施,加强和改进思想政治工作。坚持用邓小平理论武装全党、教育干部和人民;坚持正确舆论导向,深入进行爱国主义、集体主义、社会主义和艰苦创业精神的教育;广泛开展群众性精神文明创建活动,集中宣传一大批体现时代精神的先进典型,努力丰富人们的精神文化生活;密切党同群众的联系,调动各族人民在社会主义现代化建设中的积极性。思想政治工作取得了明显成效,在促进改革、发展、稳定方面发挥了重要作用。我国正处在改革的攻坚阶段和发展的关键时期,社会情况发生了复杂而深刻的变化,经济成分和经济利益多样化、社会生活方式多样化、社会组织形式多样化、就业岗位和就业方式多样化日趋明显,给思想政治工作带来大量新情况、新问题。同时,西方敌对势力亡我之心不死,通过各种途径加紧进行思想和文化渗透,思想政治工作面临严峻挑战。但是“一手硬、一手软”的问题在相当一些地方和部门还没有根本解决,一些领导干部埋头业务工作,不注意研究社会思想政治动向;一些基层党组织处于软弱涣散状态,在思想教育方面没有发挥应有的作用;思想政治工作也存在着不适应社会生活新变化,覆盖不到位,针对性不强以及方法手段滞后的问题。如果不切实扭转这种状况,对各种错误思潮掉以轻心,任其泛滥,我们就会犯历史性的错误。对此,全党同志必须增强忧患意识,保持清醒头脑,提高政治警觉,从巩固党的执政地位、完成党的历史任务的高度,抓紧研究解决加强和改进思想政治工作的问题。

二、思想政治工作要坚持正确的方针原则

(3)必须坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想和邓小平理论为指导,坚持党的基本路线和基本方针。要以科学的理论武装人,以正确的舆论引导人,以高尚的精神塑造人,以优秀的作品鼓舞人,培育有理想、有道德、有文化、有纪律的公民。要把理想信念教育作为核心内容,引导广大党员、干部和群众树立建设有中国特色社会主义的共同理想,树立正确的世界观、人生观、价值观,为建设富强、民主、文明的社会主义现代化国家而团结奋斗。

(4)必须坚持以经济建设为中心,为全党全国工作大局服务。经济建设是我们党和国家的中心任务,改革、发展、稳定是我们党和国家的工作大局。解决中国所有问题的关键,要靠在保持社会政治稳定的前提下,深化改革,加快发展。思想政治工作必须紧紧围绕经济建设这个中心,紧密结合各项业务工作进行,为改革开放和社会主义现代化建设提供强有力的精神动力和思想保证。

(5)必须坚持从实际出发,增强针对性和实效性。思想政治工作要立足于团结一切可以团结的力量,调动一切积极因素,化消极因素为积极因素,把干部群众的积极性引导好、保护好、发挥好。要坚持从社会主义初级阶段的实际出发,从广大干部群众的思想实际出发,把先进性要求同广泛性要求结合起来,区分层次,有的放矢,注重实际效果。要相信和依靠群众,启发群众自我教育、自我提高。要坚持贯彻民主的原则和疏导的方针,对干部群众的思想认识问题,多做解惑释疑、提高认识、统一思想、凝聚人心的工作。要坚持讲政治,对重大原则问题,必须立场坚定,旗帜鲜明。要坚决同各种错误思潮进行斗争,绝不能任其自由泛滥。

(6)必须坚持教育与管理相结合。高尚思想道德的培养,良好社会风尚的形成,既要靠耐心细致的思想教育,又要靠科学规范的严格管理。要抓紧建立健全有关的法律法规和制度;依法加强对社会生活各个方面的管理,把我们倡导的思想道德原则融于科学有效的社会管理之中,使自律与他律、内在约束与外在约束有机地结合起来,形成扶正祛邪、扬善惩恶的良好社会环境。

(7)必须坚持解决思想问题同解决实际问题相结合。没有正确的思想和高尚的精神,就不可能推进我们的事业。如果不注意解决群众的实际问题,思想教育就会脱离群众,难以收到实效。加强思想政治工作,必须既讲道理,又办实事,倾听群众呼声,了解群众情绪,关心群众疾苦。要认真贯彻落实党的各项政策,多做得人心、暖人心、稳人心的工作,把好事办实、实事办好,真正把党和政府的温暖送到群众心坎上。

(8)必须坚持在党的领导下,依靠全社会共同来做。思想政治工作涉及到经济和社会生活的各个方面。不仅党的组织、宣传部门要做,党的其他部门政府部门以及工会、共青团、妇联等人民团体和其他社会组织都要做。要充分发挥社会科学、新闻出版、文化艺术工作者和教育科技工作者的重要作用。要在党委统一领导下,充分调动社会各方面的积极性,形成职责明确、齐抓共管覆盖全社会的工作机制。

三、深入扎实地进行思想政治教育

(9)把用邓小平理论武装全党、教育干部和人民作为思想政治工作的首要任务,广泛进行党的基本路线和基本纲领教育,进行爱国主义、集体主义、社会主义和艰苦创业精神的教育。要密切联系改革、建设中的理论和实践问题增强工作的针对性和实际效果,使广大干部群众更加自觉地贯彻执行党的基本理论和基本路线。要坚持进行中国近现代史、中共党史和基本国情教育,进行中华民族优良传统和革命传统教育,进行维护祖国统一教育,大力弘扬爱国主义精神。要继续宣传伟大的抗洪精神,激励干部群众艰苦奋斗,开拓进取。当前,要抓住庆祝新中国成立50周年、迎接澳门回归祖国、迎接新世纪到来的有利时机,集中宣传新中国50年特别是改革开放20年的奋斗历程和辉煌成就,展望

祖国美好前景,鼓舞士气,振奋精神,把全党的思想和行动统一到党的十五大精神上来,把全国各族人民的智慧和力量凝聚到实现党的十五大确定的各项任务上来。

(10)加强马克思主义唯物论和无神论教育,大力提倡科学精神。马克思主义的辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义,是科学的世界观、方法论。要广泛宣传它的基本原理和基本观点,帮助和引导人们划清唯物论与唯心论、无神论与有神论、科学与迷信、文明与愚昧的界限,增强识别和抵制唯心主义、封建迷信及各种伪科学的能力。要全面、准确地宣传党的宗教政策,积极引导宗教与社会

主义社会相适应。要坚持木懈地普及科技知识,普及那些与群众日常生活密切相关的自然科学、医疗卫生、科学健身和生老病死等方面的知识,帮助人们掌握科学思想和科学方法,努力在全社会形成爱科学、学科学、用科学的风尚。

(11)加强形势政策、民主法制和维护社会稳定的教育。要经常进行国际、国内形势的教育,引导干部群众了解前进中的有利条件和不利因素,在形势好的时候看到问题,不盲目乐观;在遇到困难和挫折的时候看到光明,不悲观失望。要使干部群众充分认识到,进行现代化建设必须有一个团结稳定的社会环境,稳定压倒一切,没有稳定什么事情都干不成。要加强民主和法制教育,普及宪法和法律知识,引导人们增强法制观念,坚持依法办事、遵纪守法,不参加非法组织,木参与危害社会公共秩序的活动,坚决同利用封建迷信破坏社会稳定的行为以及一切违法现象作斗争,自觉维护安定团结的大好局面。

(12)加强以为人民服务为核心、以集体主义为原则的社会主义道德建设。积极进行社会公德、职业道德、家庭美德教育,引导广大群众遵守道德规范提高道德素质,在社会做个好公民,在单位做个好职工,在家庭做个好成员。积极提倡以国家利益为重、以人民利益为重,广泛宣传为人民为社会多做好事的精神。坚决反对和抵制拜金主义、享乐主义和个人主义。要抓紧制订《公民道德建设实施纲要》。

四、积极探索新形势下思想政治工作的规律和方法

(13) 我们党在长期的革命和建设实践中,积累了丰富的思想政治工作经验,这是我们的宝贵精神财富,要紧密结合新形势加以继承和发扬。同时必须看到,在改革开放和发展社会主义市场经济条件下,思想政治工作的环境、任务、内容、渠道和对象都发生了很大变化。如果不能适应这种变化,只是简单地重复过去的老方式、老办法,就难以收到好的效果,甚至适得其反。要坚持解放思想、实事求是,深入基层,深入群众,调查了解新情况、新问题,认真研究新形势下思想政治工作的特点和规律,积极开辟新途径,探索新办法,创造新经验。要坚决反对和防止形式主义,始终保持思想政治工作的生机和活力。

(14)充分发挥新闻媒体在思想政治工作中的重要作用。报刊、广播、电视等新闻媒体是进行思想政治教育的重要渠道,在社会生活中的影响越来越大,必须掌握在党的手里。所有新闻媒体的宣传,都要坚持党性原则,坚持实事求是,坚持团结、稳定、鼓劲和正面宣传为主,牢牢把握正确舆论导向。要贴近群众,贴近实际,贴近生活,认真做好典型宣传、热点引导、舆论监督,增强宣传教育的吸引力、感染力和说服力。要大力弘扬社会正气,对各种错误思潮和社会丑恶现象及时给予有力的揭露和批判,决不能给它们提供舆论阵地。要加强对社会生活类报刊和娱乐性广播电视节目的管理。加强互联网上的信息分析,有针对性地加大网上宣传力度,提高宣传质量。

(15)把群众性精神文明创建活动作为思想政治工作的重要载体。以“讲文明、树新风”为主要内容的精神文明创建活动,是对群众进行思想教育、提高全社会文明程度的有效途径,是加强党的群众工作的新方式。创建文明城市文明村镇、文明行业等各种创建活动,都要把着眼点放在提高群众的思想道德和科学文化素质上,使群众在参与中受到教育、得到提高。坚持从具体事情抓起,每年办几件作用大、影响大、群众欢迎的实事,密切党和政府同人民群众的关系,增强人民群众对党和政府的信任和拥护。

(16)重视发挥文化的社会教育功能。精神产品和社会文化生活对人们思想观念、道德情操有着潜移默化的影响。一切文化工作都要坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向,坚持百花齐放、百家争鸣的方针,弘扬主旋律,提倡多样化,继承发扬民族优秀文化和革命文化传统,积极吸收世界文化优秀成果要坚持把社会效益放在首位,力求社会效益与经济效益相统一,坚决反对唯利是图、见利忘义的行为。要大力发展社区文化、村镇文化、企业文化、校园文化,广泛开展丰富多彩、健康有益的群众性文化体育活动。文化馆、图书馆、博物馆、科技馆、体育馆和各类群众活动中心,要面向社会,服务群众,充分发挥在思想政治教育中的作用。要坚持一手抓繁荣,一手抓管理,抵御封建文化糟粕和外来腐朽文化的影响,深入持久地开展“扫黄打非”斗争,营造健康的社会文化环境。当前,有关部门要集中对宣扬封建迷信、伪科学和有严重政治问题的出版物进行彻底清理。

(17)注重运用先进典型影响和带动群众。改革开放和现代化建设中涌现出来的先进集体和先进人物,体现了时代精神,是实践社会主义精神文明的楷模。要采取多种形式,大力宣传他们的感人事迹和高尚品质。要改进宣传方法,让群众感到他们可亲可敬可信可学。各行各业都要注意发现和总结自己的先进典型,做到学有榜样、赶有目标,在全社会形成崇尚先进、学习先进、争当先进的良好风气。

五、把思想政治工作任务落实到基层

(18)当前,基层思想政治工作薄弱是一个突出问题,必须采取有效措施,尽快加以扭转。企业、农村、学校、科研院所、街道和其他基层单位,都要根据自己的实际,解决好把思想政治工作任务落到实处的问题。

企业思想政治工作要结合深化改革、建立现代企业制度、提高经济效益来进行。国有企业和国家控股企业的党组织要切实发挥政治核心作用,加强对思想政治工作的领导,充分依靠工会、共青团以及职工代表大会进行思想政治教育。要加强企业文化建设,培育社会主义企业精神,引导广大职工更好地发挥主人翁作用。要高度重视困难企业的思想政治工作,这些单位的党组织要认真做好团结群众、稳定人心、克服困难的工作。对集体企业、乡镇企业、私营和外商投资企业,以及个体工商户的思想政治工作,各地和各有关部门要采取措施,予以加强。

农村思想政治工作要结合奔小康、建设社会主义新农村来进行。要从农村实际出发,着重开展党的基本路线和农村政策教育、社会主义的集体主义精神教育、移风易俗教育、民主法制教育、科学文化教育。要把思想教育同创建文明家庭、文明村镇更加紧密地结合起来,提倡科学,破除封建迷信;提倡文明,克服愚昧落后;提倡节俭,反对铺张浪费。要加强农村文化设施建设,扩大广播、电视覆盖面,组织好文化、科技、卫生“三下乡”活动。

学校的思想政治工作要围绕培养社会主义事业建设者和接班人的根本任务来进行。各级各类学校都要认真贯彻党的教育方针,坚持社会主义办学方向。要坚持以马克思主义指导教学工作,绝不能为错误思潮提供讲台和阵地。要充实和改进思想品德课和政治理论课的教学内容,把学校教育与社会实践结合起来,全面推进素质教育。要切实加强教师队伍的思想道德建设,使他们更好地担负起培养合格人才的重任。青少年是祖国的未来,民族的希望。加强对他们的思想道德教育,关系到国家的命运和民族的前途。全党全社会都要关心青少年思想道德建设,学校、家庭、社会密切配合,为他们的健康成长创造良好环境。

(19)要重视和加强社区的思想政治工作。随着社会主义市场经济的发展,社区在加强城市管理、服务市民生活、促进社会进步方面的作用越来越大。要围绕提高市民素质和城市文明程度,认真研究、积极探索社区思想政治工作的途径和办法。要把思想政治工作与社区建设、社区管理结合起来,贯穿到创建文明家庭、文明楼院、文明小区的各个环节,形成团结互助、平等友爱的新型人际关系。要寓管理于服务之中,充分利用社区各种生活和文化设施,提倡资源共享,为居民提供多方面的社会服务。要选拔素质较高、年富力强的人员充实到街道和居委会领导班子中去。

随着经济发展和人民生活水平的显著提高,我国老龄人口逐年增加,要认真做好老年人特别是退(离)休人员的思想教育工作。退(离)休老同志为革命和建设作出了积极贡献,要认真落实有关政策,关心他们的生活,使他们老有所养、老有所乐,同时关心他们的思想,使他们老有所教、老有所学。这要成为社区工作的一个重点,认真组织落实。

(20)要十分注意做好下岗职工和进城务工人员的思想政治工作。要满腔热情地关心下岗职工的思想和生活,为他们排忧解难。积极推进再就业工程,引导下岗职工树立正确的择业观和自强自立精神,帮助和鼓励他们在新的岗位上重新创业。对进城务工人员,城市有关部门和用工单位要及时了解他们的思想状况,切实承担起对他们的管理和教育责任。

(21)要抓好对社团的引导和管理。近些年来,我国社团组织发展很快,在社会、经济、文化生活以及对外交往方面起到了积极作用。同时存在数量过多、缺乏引导、疏于管理的问题。有关部门要在对现有社团进行认真清理整顿的基础上,完善管理制度,规范社团行为。要根据实际情况,在具备条件建立党组织的社团尽快建立健全党的组织。所有社团都必须遵守国家的法律法规,坚持正确的政治方向,努力做好所联系群众的思想政治工作。

六、切实加强党对思想政治工作的领导

(22)坚持“两手抓、两手都要硬”,是中央多次强调的重要方针。越是深化改革、扩大开放、发展社会主义市场经济,越要重视思想政治工作。各级党委(党组)必须提高认识,坚决纠正和防止忽视思想政治工作的错误倾向,把这项工作摆上重要议事日程,经常研究,加强检查。要建立健全思想政治工作责任制,党委(党组)一把手要负起第一责任人的职责,其他领导成员也要明确任务,负起责任。各省、自治区、直辖市党委可根据需要,建立由有关方面负责人参加的思想政治工作联系会议制度。各级党政领导干部务必增强政治意识、大局意识、责任意识,带头做好思想政治工作。要把工作的成效,作为考核领导班子、领导干部的一个重要依据。思想政治工作绝不能停留在会议上文件上,必须抓好落实。要加强调查研究,及时掌握社会思想动态,有针对性地采取措施,一抓到底,抓出成效。要反对官僚主义,注意经常分析影响社会稳定的因素,把问题解决在萌芽状态。对重要情况一定要如实报告,决不能报喜不报忧。对贻误时机、造成严重后果的,要追究有关领导责任。按照提高素质、优化结构、相对稳定的要求,建设一支政治强、业务精作风正的思想政治工作队伍。要选拔一批德才兼备的中青年干部,充实到这支队伍中来。对思想政治工作者要注意关心和培养,帮助他们提高思想政治素质和业务能力,对做出突出成绩的要给予表彰和奖励。

(23)认真贯彻从严治党的方针,增强党的凝聚力和战斗力。改革开放以来,广大党员在各方面发挥了先锋模范作用,党的队伍的主流是好的。但是,也有少数党员甚至领导干部理想淡漠、信念动摇、意志衰退、精神空虚,有的被错误思潮所俘虏,有的热衷于封建迷信活动,有的腐败堕落、跌入违法犯罪的泥坑,严重损害了党的形象和威信也削弱了对广大群众进行思想教育的效果。在这次“三讲”教育中,各级党组织要针对在党员教育和管理方面存在的突出问题,认真总结经验教训,建立健全对党员严格要求、严格管理、严格监督的制度。党员特别是领导干部要讲学习、讲政治、讲正气,坚定社会主义、共产主义理想信念,坚持全心全意为人民服务,严格遵守党的纪律,自觉接受党和群

众的监督,要求群众做到的自己首先做到,要求群众不做的自己坚决不做,以实际行动为群众做出表率。要继续加强党风廉政建设,深入持久地开展反腐败斗争,对危害党和人民利益的腐败分子,必须依照党纪国法坚决予以惩处。

(24)要把加强党的基层组织建设作为一项紧迫任务来抓。党的基层组织是党的全部工作和战斗力的基础,担负着思想政治工作的重要职责。各级党委要紧密结合新的形势和任务,认真研究和解决基层组织建设薄弱的问题。要注意针对各类经济组织和社会组织日益增多、大批劳动力在产业间转移和地区间流动的新情况,建立健全党的基层组织,加强对党员的教育和管理。党的基层组织要加强自身建设,充分发挥战斗堡垒作用,做好深入细致的思想政治工作,团结和带领群众坚决同各种歪风邪气作斗争,保证党的路线方针政策的贯彻落实。

各地区、各部门党委(党组)要根据上述意见,结合自己的实际,认真研究制定具体措施,抓好贯彻落实,并将贯彻情况于今年年底前报告中央。

(中发 1999) 17号)

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