Radio, film and television administrative redress rules

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Radio, Film and Television Administrative Redress Rules

State Administration for Radio, Film and Television Decree

(No. 5)

The ” Radio, Film and Television Administrative Redress Rules” have been passed by the Administration Council, are hereby promulgated, and will take effect on the day of promulgation.

Director: Xu Guangchun

9 May 2001

Article 1: In order to prevent and correct unlawful or improper concrete administrative activities concerning radio, film and television, protect the lawful rights and interest of citizens, legal persons and other organizations, guarantee and supervise the exercise of powers according to the law by administrative radio, film and television entities, according to the “Administrative Redress Law of the People’s Republic of China” (hereafter simply named Administrative Redress Law, and integrated with the reality of this system, these Rules are formulated.

Article 2: Where citizens, legal persons or other organizations believe that concrete radio, film and administrative television activities infringe their lawful rights and interests, they may submit an application for administrative redress to the administrative radio, film and television entity or organ of one level higher (hereafter designated as administrative radio, film and television organ), the administrative radio, film and television organization accepts the application for administrative redress, formulates an administrative redress decision, applying the Administrative Redress Law and these Rules.

Article 3: The administrative radio, film and television organ with the responsibility to carry out administrative redress according to these Rules is the radio, film and television administrative redress organ. Administrative radio, film and television organs of city or county level or higher shall clearly and concretely appoint administrative redress matters organs and personnel.

Article 4: Administrative radio, film and television administrative redress organs are responsible for concrete handling of administrative redress matter by legal institution work organs, and carrying out the following duties:

(I) accepting and hearing administrative redress applications;

(II) investigating and collecting evidence concerning relevant organisations and personnel, consult relevant documents and materials;

(III) investigating whether or not concrete activities for which administrative redress is sought are lawful and proper, formulating administrative redress decisions;

(IV) handling or transmitting application for examination of relevant standardizing documents;

(V) formulating acting advice on activities violating the Administrative Redress Law and these Rules by the respondent, according to the limits of regulations and procedure;

(VI) conducting case defence matters for administrative action because of disagreement with administrative redress decision;

(VII) other duties provided by laws or regulations.

Article 5: The State Administration for Radio, Film and Television is responsible for guiding the administrative redress work of the radio, film and television system for the entire country.

Higher-level administrative radio, film and television entities engage in inspection, supervision and guidance towards the administrative redress work of lower-level administrative radio, film and television entities. Lower-level  radio, film and television administrative redress organs shall each year timely report their situation concerning accepted administrative redress cases to the higher-level administrative radio, film and television entity.

Article 6: Radio, film and television administrative redress organs, when carrying out their administrative redress duties, shall abide by the principles of lawfulness, fairness, openness, timeliness and serving the people, support that wrongs must be righted, guarantee the correct implementation of laws and regulations.

Article 7: Radio, film and television administrative redress organs accept administrative redress applications of applicants not agreeing with the following concrete administrative radio, film and television activities:

(I) where there is disagreement with administrative punishment decisions issued by administrative radio, film and television entities, such as warnings, fines, confiscation of illegal gains, confiscation of illegal property such as tools, equipment and programme carriers etc. with the special purpose of committing unlawful activities, ordering cessation of production or business, temporary suspension or revoking of permits (licenses);

(II) where there is disagreement with administrative compulsory measures of administrative radio, film and television entities;

(III) where there is disagreement with decisions of change, termination or revoking of relevant credentials such as permits (licences), certificates, etc. of administrative compulsory measures of administrative radio, film and television entities;

(IV) where it is believed applications to administrative radio, film and television entities to issue credentials such as permits (licences), certificates, etc. or applications for examination and approval, and registry of relevant matters, conform to legal conditions, have not been handled according to law by administrative entities;

(V) where it is believed that administrative radio, film and television organs have infringed lawful business decision power, or unlawfully demanded one to carry out duties;

(VI) where it is believed other concrete activities by administrative radio, film and television entities have infringed one’s lawful rights and interests.

Article 8: Where citizens, legal persons or other organizations believe that the standardizing documents on which administrative radio, film and television entities base their concrete activities, are not lawful, when administrative redress is requested for these concrete activities, it is allowed to simultaneously put forward a request to examine that document. Applications for examination of standardizing documents do not include State Administration for Radio, Film and Television regulations and local People’s Government regulations.

Article 9: Where citizens, legal persons or other organizations believe concrete administrative activities infringe their lawful rights and interests and apply for administrative redress, they shall put forward an application within sixty days of knowing that concrete administrative activity.

Where the statutory application period is delayed because of acts of God or other legitimate reasons, the application period is calculated to continue from the day the obstruction is removed. After removal of the obstruction, the applicant must furnish relevant proof.

Article 10, Citizens, legal persons or other organizations, believing that concrete activities by administrative radio, film and television entities infringed their lawful rights and interests, and applying for administrative redress according to the law, are applicants.

Citizens, legal persons or other organizations having a damage or benefit relationship with concrete administrative activities for which administrative redress is sought, may participate in the redress as third parties.

Concerning concrete administrative activities by administrative radio, film and television entities with which the applicant disagrees and applies for administrative redress, the administrative radio, film and television entity that committed the concrete administrative activity is the respondent.

Applicants and third parties may entrust one to two proxies to participate in the administrative redress. Entrusted proxies must submit a letter of authorization and entrustment to the redress organ, clearly recording the entrusted matter and competences.

Article 11: Applicants applying for administrative redress, shall generally apply in writing, if there are true difficulties, they may also apply orally.

Where written applications are made, in the letter of application, the applicant’s basic situation, the respondent’s name and address, administrative redress request, the main facts, reasons and time of administrative redress shall clearly be stated. On the letter of application, the applicant’s signature or stamp shall be present.

Where oral applications are made, the redress entity shall record the above-mentioned situation on the spot, and it shall be signed or stamped by the applicant.

Article 12: Where there is disagreement with a concrete administrative activity by a county-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity, the applicant may apply for administrative with the administrative radio, film and television entity of one level higher, and may also apply for administrative redress with the People’s Government administrative redress entity of the same level.

Where there is disagreement with a concrete administrative activity by administrative radio, film and television entity of another level with other administrative entities of the same level under the same name, application for administrative redress shall be made to the joint administrative entities of one level higher.

Where there is disagreement with a concrete administrative action of the State Administration for Radio, Film and Television, applications for administrative redress shall be made to the State Administration for Radio, Film and Television.

All applications for administrative redress conforming to the Administrative Redress Law and these Regulations, must be accepted buy the radio, film and television administrative redress organs according to the acceptance procedure of the Administrative Redress Law. Where administrative entities do not accept a case without a proper reason, the higher-level administrative radio, film and television entity shall order its acceptance; when the need arises, the higher-level administrative radio, film and television entity may also directly accept the case.

After the administrative radio, film and television entity petition or other organ receives the application for administrative redress, it shall timely hand it over to the organ of that work unit responsible for administrative redress work.

Article 14: After radio, film and television administrative redress organs receive the application for administrative redress, they shall engage in examination within five working days. Where one of the following circumstances is present, they will decide not to accept, and notify the applicant in the form of a “Decision of Non-Acceptance Letter”:

(I) not falling under the statutory administrative redress scope;

(II) exceeding the statutory period for application for administrative redress, and the circumstances provided in Articles nine through twelve of these Regulations are not present;

(III) where administrative action has already been started with the People’s Courts, and the People’s Courts have already accepted the case according to the law;

(IV) other circumstances not conforming to the provisions of the Administrative Redress Law.

Concerning applications for administrative redress conforming to the provisions of the Administrative Redress Law, but not falling under the administrative redress applications accepted by that work unit, the applicant shall be informed to apply with the relevant administrative redress entity.

Article 15: Except where Article 14 provides otherwise, applications for administrative redress will be accepted from the day the organ responsible for administrative redress work of an administrative redress entity receives it. As soon as an application for administrative redress is accepted, the applicant and the respondent will be timely notified.

The day of acceptance of the redress application by the redress organ, where it is received by mail or coming from other departments, organs or subordinated organs of the redress entity, is confirmed by the stamp of receipt of the redress organ; where it is received by personal delivery by the applicant, the date of receipt will be clearly marked on the letter of application by the receiving staff of the redress organ, and is signed for confirmation by the deliverer.

Article 16: Where on the date of administrative redress, the concrete administrative activity is further executed unstopped, but one of the circumstances provided by Article 21 of the Administrative Redress law is present, execution may be stopped. Where it is decided to stop the execution, a “Letter of Notification of Ceasing Execution” concerning the concrete administrative activity shall be delivered to the respondent.

Article 17: Radio, film and television administrative redress organs shall, concerning applications for administrative redress accepted according to the law, shall carry out examination according to the provisions of the Administrative Redress Law, and formulate a redress decision. Before the examination, the redress organ shall complete the following preparatory work:

(I) determine the administrative redress work personnel;

(II) make clear the participants in the redress

(III) dispatch redress law documents according to regulations.

When redress organs examine redress cases, if it is believed to be necessary, they may request personnel of related organs within that entity to participate.

Article 18: Administrative redress, in principle, adopts the method of written examination, but where one of the following circumstances is present, redress organs may, concerning related organizations and individuals, investigate the situation, hear the opinion of the applicant, the respondent and third parties;

(I) where the applicant put forward such a request;

(II) where the main facts of the case are not clear;

(III) where the case details are significant, complex or difficult;

(IV) where the redress organ believes it to be necessary.

When redress organs examine circumstances, and hear opinions, the redress personnel may not be less than two persons, and they shall make an “Administrative Redress Examination Record”, examination records shall be signed or stamped by the examined person and the examiner.

Article 19: Radio, film and television administrative redress entities’ organs responsible for redress work shall within seven working days after receipt of the application for administrative redress, transfer duplicates of the application for administrative redress or record of application for administrative redress to the respondent. The respondent shall within ten days after receipt of the application for administrative redress or record of application for administrative redress issue a written response, and submit the evidence, basis and other relevant materials of the original concrete administrative activity.

Article 20: the “Administrative Redress Respondent Response Letter : shall clearly record the following content:

(I) The name and address of the respondent, full name and post of the lawful representative;

(II) The facts, proof and basis for the concrete administrative activity. Statements of the relevant facts shall clearly indicate the corresponding proof materials and source;

(III) Proof of necessity and answer to the redress demands of the applicants, stated facts and reasons;

(IV) The year, month and day of the formulation of the written answer, and a seal will be affixed.

Article 21: The applicant and third parties may consult the respondent’s written answer, the proof, basis and other relevant materials for the concrete administrative activity, except where State secrets, business secrets or individual privacy are concerned, administrative redress organs may not refuse. Consultation of the relevant materials, must conform to the following regulations:

(I) submit an application with the redress organ, and show relevant proof of identity;

(II) at the time of consultation, an administrative redress organ staff member must be present;

(III) at the time of consultation, it is forbidden to alter, dismantle, add to, or take away consulted materials.

Article 22: Radio, film and television administrative redress organs shall within sixty days after acceptance of the case formulate an administrative redress decision. Where the circumstances are complex, and an administrative redress decision cannot be made within the stipulated period, it must be examined and approved by the person in charge of the administrative redress entity, and the period may be suitably extended, and the applicant and the defendant must be informed; but the period of extension may not exceed thirty days.

Article 23: Radio, film and television administrative redress entities shall engage complete examination concerning the legality and suitability of the concrete administrative activity of the respondent, and formulate a redress decision according to the provisions of Article 18 of the Administrative Redress Law. The “Administrative Redress Decision Letter” shall clearly indicate the following content:

(I) the full name, sex, age, occupation, location of residence of the applicant (the name, address, full name and occupation of the lawful representative of legal persons or other organisations);

If there are third parties, the above details of the parties shall be clearly listed;

(II) the name, address, full name and occupation of the lawful representative of the respondent;

(III) the application for administrative redress request and reasons of the applicant;

(IV) the response of the respondent;

(V) the facts, proof, reasons and basis established by the redress organ;

(VI) the reconsideration conclusion of the redress organ;

(VII) the period for lodging a complaint with the People’s Courts in case of disagreement with the conclusion;

(VIII) the date of the redress decision and the stamp of the redress organ,

As soon as the “Administrative Redress Decision Letter is dispatched, it will take legal effect.

Article 24: The respondent and applicant shall carry out the administrative redress decision.

Where respondents do not carry out or delay carrying out, without proper reason, the administrative redress decision, the administrative redress organ or relevant higher-level administrative redress organs shall order the carrying out within a specified time.

Where the applicant exceeds the time limit without filing complaint or does not carry out the administrative redress decision, and when according to the provisions of Article 33 of the Administrative Redress Law an enforcement application is made to the People’s Court, an “Enforcement Application” shall be used.

Article 25: After the radio, film and television administrative redress examination ends and a redress decision is made, the redress organ shall conduct earnest settlement, differentiation and numbering, and shall timely file  all legal documents and materials relevant to the redress. Radio, film and television administrative redress organs shall,  within thirty days after the closing of an administrative redress case, report the redress circumstances to the administrative radio, film and television entity of one level higher.

Article 26: Radio, film and television administrative redress organs, when accepting an application for administrative redress, may not accept any fees from the applicant. Fees needed for the administrative redress activities, shall be included in the administrative budget of those organs, and guaranteed according to the law.

Administrative redress personnel must be proficient in law and radio, film and television sector, administrative radio, film and television organs shall guarantee funding and work conditions for redress work, to maintain corresponding stability of redress personnel.

Article 27: Radio, film and television administrative redress legal documents, are made according to the unified form made by the State Administration for Radio, Film and Television.

Article 28: Matters not settled by these Rules, shall be handled according to the provisions of the Administrative Redress Law.

Article 29: These Rules take effect on the day of promulgation. The “Some Regulations Concerning Radio, Film and Television Administrative Redress” (Ministry of Radio, Film and Television Decree no. 6) and the “Radio, Film and Television Administrative Redress Legal Documents Use and Management Rules” (MRFT no. [1993]268) will be abolished at the same time.

广播电影电视行政复议办法

国家广播电影电视总局令

第5号

《广播电影电视行政复议办法》经局务会议通过,现予发布,自发布之日起施行。

局长:徐光春

二○○一年五月九日

第一条 为了防止和纠正违法的或者不当的广播电影电视具体行政行为,保护公民、法人和其他组织的合法权益,保障和监督广播电影电视行政机关依法行使职权,根据《中华人民共和国行政复议法》(以下简称行政复议法),并结合本系统实际,制定本办法。

第二条 公民、法人或者其他组织认为广播电影电视具体行政行为侵犯其合法权益,向上一级广播电影电视行政部门或机构(以下统称广播电影电视行政机关)提出行政复议申请,广播电影电视行政机关受理行政复议申请、作出行政复议决定,适用行政复议法和本办法。

第三条 依照本办法履行行政复议职责的广播电影电视行政机关是广播电影电视行政复议机关。地市级以上广播电影电视行政机关应当明确具体办理行政复议事项的机构和人员。

第四条 广播电影电视行政复议机关负责法制工作的机构具体办理行政复议事项,履行下列职责:

(一)受理行政复议申请;

(二)向有关组织和人员调查取证,查阅有关文件和资料;

(三)审查申请行政复议的具体行政行为是否合法与适当,拟订行政复议决定;

(四)处理或转送对有关规范性文件的审查申请;

(五)对被申请人违反行政复议法和本办法的行为,依照规定的权限和程序提出处理建议;

(六)办理因不服行政复议决定提起行政诉讼的应诉事项;

(七)法律、法规规定的其他职责。

第五条 国家广播电影电视总局负责指导全国广播电影电视系统的行政复议工作。

上级广播电影电视行政机关对下级广播电影电视行政机关的行政复议工作进行检查、监督和指导。下级广播电影电视行政复议机关每年应将受理行政复议案件的情况及时向上级广播电影电视行政机关上报。

第六条 广播电影电视行政复议机关履行行政复议职责,应当遵循合法、公正、公开、及时、便民的原则,坚持有错必纠,保障法律、法规的正确实施。

第七条 广播电影电视行政复议机关受理申请人对下列广播电影电视具体行政行为不服提出的行政复议申请:

(一)对广播电影电视行政机关作出的警告、罚款、没收违法所得、没收从事违法活动的专用工具、设备和节目载体等非法财物、责令停产停业、暂扣或者吊销许可证(执照)等行政处罚决定不服的;

(二)对广播电影电视行政机关作出的行政强制措施决定不服的;

(三)对广播电影电视行政机关作出的有关许可证(执照)、资格证等证书的变更、终止、撤销决定不服的;

(四)认为符合法定条件,申请广播电影电视行政机关颁发许可证(执照)、资格证等证书,或者申请审批、登记有关事项,行政机关没有依法办理的;

(五)认为广播电影电视行政机关侵犯合法的经营自主权,或者违法要求其履行义务的;

(六)认为广播电影电视行政机关的其他具体行政行为侵犯其合法权益的。

第八条 公民、法人或者其他组织认为广播电影电视行政机关的具体行政行为所依据的规范性文件不合法,在对具体行政行为申请行政复议时,可以一并提出对该文件的审查申请。对规范性文件的审查申请不含国家广播电影电视总局规章和地方人民政府规章。

第九条 公民、法人或者其他组织认为具体行政行为侵犯其合法权益申请行政复议,应当自知道该具体行政行为之日起六十日内提出。因不可抗力或者其他正当理由耽误法定申请期限的,申请期限自障碍消除之日起继续计算。在障碍消除后,申请人应提供有关证明。

第十条 认为广播电影电视行政机关的具体行政行为侵犯其合法权益,依法申请行政复议的公民、法人或者其他组织,是申请人。同申请行政复议的具体行政行为有利害关系的公民、法人或者其他组织,可以作为第三人参加行政复议。申请人对广播电影电视行政机关的具体行政行为不服申请行政复议,作出具体行政行为的广播电影电视行政机关是被申请人。申请人、第三人可以委托一至二名代理人代为参加行政复议。委托代理人须向复议机关提交授权委托书,载明委托事项和权限。

第十一条 申请人申请行政复议,一般应当书面申请,如确有困难,也可以口头申请。

书面申请的,应当在申请书中载明申请人的基本情况,被申请人的名称、地址,行政复议请求,申请复议的主要事实、理由和时间。申请书上应有申请人的签字或签章。口头申请的,复议机关应当当场记录上述情况,并由申请人签字或盖章。

第十二条 对县级以上广播电影电视行政机关作出的具体行政行为不服的,申请人可以向上一级广播电影电视行政机关申请行政复议,也可以向同级人民政府申请行政复议。对广播电影电视行政机关与其他同级行政机关以共同名义作出的具体行政行为不服的,向其共同上一级行政机关申请行政复议。对国家广播电影电视总局作出的具体行政行为不服的,向国家广播电影电视总局申请行政复议。

第十三条 凡符合行政复议法和本办法的行政复议申请,广播电影电视行政复议机关必须依据行政复议法规定的受理程序予以受理。行政复议机关无正当理由不予受理的,上级广播电影电视行政机关应当责令其受理;必要时,上级广播电影电视行政机关也可以直接受理。广播电影电视行政机关的信访或者其他机构收到行政复议申请后,应当及时送交本单位负责行政复议工作的机构。

第十四条 广播电影电视行政复议机关收到行政复议申请后,应当在五个工作日内进行审查。对有下列情形之一的,决定不予受理,并以《不予受理决定书》的形式书面告知申请人:

(一)不属于法定行政复议范围的;

(二)超过法定申请行政复议期限,且无本办法第九条第二款规定情形的;

(三)已向人民法院提起行政诉讼,人民法院已依法受理的;

(四)其他不符合行政复议法规定的。

对符合行政复议法规定,但是不属于本机关受理的行政复议申请,应当告知申请人向有关行政复议机关提出。

第十五条 除第十四条规定外,行政复议申请自行政复议机关负责复议工作的机构收到之日起即为受理。行政复议申请一经受理,应及时告知申请人和被申请人。复议机构收到复议申请的日期,属直接从邮递渠道收到或者从复议机关其他部门、机构及其下属机构转来的,由复议机构的签收章确认;属申请人当面递交的,由复议机构经办人在申请书上注明收到日期,并由递交人签字确认。

第十六条 行政复议期间具体行政行为不停止执行,但有行政复议法第二十一条规定情形之一的,可以停止执行。决定停止执行的,应将对具体行政行为的《停止执行通知书》送达被申请人。

第十七条 广播电影电视行政复议机关对依法受理的行政复议申请,应按照行政复议法的规定进行审查,作出复议决定。审查前,复议机构应做好下列准备工作:

(一)确定行政复议工作人员;

(二)明确复议参加人;

(三)按规定发送复议法律文书。

复议机构审查复议案件时,如认为有必要,可以要求本机关内相关机构的人员参加。

第十八条 行政复议原则上采取书面审查的办法,但有下列情形之一的,复议机构可以向有关组织和人员调查情况,听取申请人、被申请人和第三人的意见:

(一)申请人提出要求的;

(二)案件主要事实不清的;

(三)案情重大、复杂、疑难的;

(四)复议机构认为有必要的。

复议机构调查情况、听取意见时,复议人员不得少于两人,并应当制作《行政复议调查笔录》,调查笔录应由被调查人、调查人签名或盖章。

第十九条 广播电影电视行政复议机关负责复议工作的机构应当自行政复议申请受理之日起七个工作日内,将行政复议申请书副本或者行政复议申请笔录复印件发送被申请人。被申请人应当自收到申请书副本或者申请笔录复印件之日起十日内,提出书面答复,并提交当初作出具体行政行为的证据、依据和其他有关材料。

第二十条 被申请人提交的《行政复议被申请人答复书》应当载明下列内容:

(一)被申请人的名称、地址,法定代表人姓名及职务;

(二)作出具体行政行为的事实、证据和依据。对有关事实的陈述应注明相应的证据材料和出处

(三)对申请人的复议要求、所述事实和理由进行答辩和必要的举证;

(四)作出书面答复的年、月、日,并加盖印章。

第二十一条 申请人、第三人可以查阅被申请人提出的书面答复、作出具体行政行为的证据、依据和其他有关材料,除涉及国家秘密、商业秘密或者个人隐私外,行政复议机关不得拒绝。查阅有关材料,应符合下列规定:

(一)向复议机构提出申请,并出示有关身份证明;

(二)查阅时,应有复议机构的工作人员在场;

(三)查阅时不得涂改、毁损、拆换、增添、取走查阅的材料。

第二十二条 广播电影电视行政复议机关应当自受理申请之日起六十日内作出行政复议决定。情况复杂,不能在规定期限内作出行政复议决定的,经行政复议机关的负责人批准,可以适当延长,并告知申请人和被申请人;但是延长期限最多不超过三十日。

第二十三条 广播电影电视行政复议机关应当对被申请人作出的具体行政行为的合法性和适当性进行全面审查,依照行政复议法第二十八条的规定作出复议决定。《行政复议决定书》应当载明下列内容:

(一)申请人的姓名、性别、年龄、职业、住址(法人或其他组织的名称、地址、法定代表人的姓名和职务);如有第三人,并列明第三人的上述情况;

(二)被申请人的名称、地址、法定代表人姓名和职务;

(三)申请人申请行政复议的请求和理由;

(四)被申请人的答复;

(五)复议机关认定的事实、证据、理由和依据;

(六)复议机关的复议结论;

(七)不服复议结论向人民法院起诉的期限;

(八)作出复议决定的日期和复议机关的印章。

《行政复议决定书》一经送达,即发生法律效力。

第二十四条 被申请人、申请人应当履行行政复议决定。

被申请人不履行或者无正当理由拖延履行行政复议决定的,行政复议机关或者有关上级行政机关应当责令其限期履行。对申请人逾期不起诉又不履行行政复议决定的,依行政复议法第三十三条的规定申请人民法院强制执行时,使用《强制执行申请书》。

第二十五条 广播电影电视行政复议审查终结作出复议决定后,复议机构应对有关复议的所有法律文书和材料进行认真清理、鉴别和编号,及时归档。广播电影电视行政复议机关应当在行政复议案件结案后三十日内,将复议情况向上一级广播电影电视行政机关备案。

第二十六条 广播电影电视行政复议机关受理行政复议申请,不得向申请人收取任何费用。行政复议活动所需的经费,应当列入本机关的行政经费,依法予以保障。行政复议人员必须精通法律和广播电影电视业务,广播电影电视行政机关应当保障复议工作的资金和工作条件,保持复议人员的相对稳定。

第二十七条 广播电影电视行政复议法律文书,参照国家广播电影电视总局制作的统一样式制作。

第二十八条 本办法未尽事宜,按行政复议法的规定办理。

第二十九条 本办法自发布之日起施行。《关于广播电影电视行政复议若干规定》(广播电影电视部第6号令)和《广播电影电视行政复议法律文书使用与管理办法》(广发政字[1993]268号)同时废止。

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