Implementation Regulations concerning Vigorously Moving Radio, Film and Television Grouping Reform Forward (Trial)

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According to the “Central Committee Secretariat and State Council Secretariat Notice Concerning Transmitting the ‘Central Propaganda Department, SARFT, and General Administration of Press and Publications Some Opinions concerning Deepening Press, Publications, Radio, Film and Television Sector Reform'” (GBF No. (2001)17), hereby, the following implementation regulations for vigorously moving forward radio, film and television grouping reform are formulated.

 

I, radio, film and television grouping reform must persist in having development as core theme, structural adjustment as main line, fix eyes upon further expanding strength, strengthening vitality and raising competitiveness. It is necessary to fully consider our country’s national conditions, persist in the special nature of radio, film and television, abide by the rules of the Socialist market economy and the inherent requirements for radio, film and television sector development, learn from successful experiences in the reform of the economic sphere and beneficial foreign methods, to benefit and guarantee the Party’s leadership over the radio, film and television sector, benefit the strengthening of public opinion propaganda and ideological culture battlefield construction, benefit the joint development of radio, film and television, and benefit giving rein to the vigour of radio, film and television workers.

 

II, radio, film and television groups are important mouthpieces and important ideological cultural battlegrounds for the Party, and are comprehensive media groups possessing radio stations, television stations film production studios (companies), transmission network companies, Internet websites as well as newspaper, publishing, science and technological research and development, advertising business and maintenance management. Groups have an undertaking nature and implement enterprise-type management. Groups shall have radio, film and television as core business, news and propaganda at the centre, flourishing creation as focus point, and at the same time engage in other corresponding industries. Groups undertake complete propaganda tasks and State-owned asset value maintenance and increase responsibilities. After being formed, groups continue to enjoy the preferential policies of the State for the radio, film and television sector they originally enjoyed.

 

III, The formation of radio, film and television groups is the responsibility of administrative radio, film and television departments. Organizing groups persists in the principles of trials first and extension later, where one is mature, one is approved, the focus point is to do the formation trial work of the Chinese Radio, Film and Television Group and provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television groups well. Already formed groups must further become standardized, perfected and raised on the basis of the spirit of document GBF No. (2001)17.

 

Provincial capitals with corresponding power and plan-listed cities may, under the presupposition of completely relaying central and provincial (regional, municipal) radio and television programmes, organize groups. “With corresponding power” refers to achieving the following conditions in 2000: (1) having a gross domestic product of 80 billion Yuan or more; (2) having a permanent population of 5 million or more; (3) having a relatively strong comprehensive radio and television strength.

 

Six film groups are organized with China Film, Shanghai Film, Changchun Film, Pearl Film, Emei Film and Xi’an Film as backbones, and they are to join radio, film and television groups in close form or loose form.

 

IV, Radio, film and television groups implement a management board responsibility system under the leadership of Party Committees (Party Organization). Party Committee (Party Organizations) are the leading core of the group, and completely lead the group’s work, they are responsible for strengthening the group’s Party building, researching and formulating the group’s development plans and development strategies, and decide on major policies such as important propaganda work, human resources appointment and dismissal, capital operation, etc. Group management boards, under the leadership of the group’s Party Committee (Party Organization), plan, manage and organize the implementation of all of the group’s tasks, and move undertaking development forward.

 

Groups act as independent undertaking legal person entities, manage and operate the State-owned assets of their subordinate radio, film and television entities according to authorization, implement uniform management over the propaganda, human resources, finances, business and assets, etc., of the subordinate member work units, and according to the principles of simplification, high-efficiency and uniformity, establish corresponding internal organizational structure and management hierarchies. Groups must internally divide into an undertaking side and an enterprise side, and an undertaking management function and an industrial research and development function, a propaganda creation business and an operational business, with capital and business as links, on the basis of defining property rights, standardizing the relationships of rights and obligations between group embers, determine the asset management responsibilities undertaken by each, implement uniform financial management and uniform financial personnel appointment, vigorously explore financial accounting, supervising and management systems adapted to the requirements of the group’s development. In groups, undertaking work units’ press and propaganda business departments operating, editing, gathering news broadcasting, according to undertaking management regulations, etc., may without exception not participate in commercial activities. Within film group companies, radio and television relay network companies and other enterprises subordinate to the group, strict modern enterprise systems and complete legal person governance structures must be established according to State regulations, a board of directors and a board of supervisors independent from the enterprises are to be established, and members of the supervisory board are appointed according to the law and according to cadre management powers.

 

V, Administrative radio, film and television departments must realistically implement their administrative management duties such as press and propaganda, art creation, science and technology, undertaking planning, transmission coverage, market management, foreign contacts, etc., over radio, film and television groups and radio, film and television work units. Groups mainly manage their own propaganda and undertaking development. In order to strengthen leadership over group work, it is permitted to practice that there are a few overlapping positions in administrative radio, film and television management departments’ leadership rank members and group leadership rank members.

 

VI, Plans for provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television group formation are put forward by provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television bureaus, examined and verified by provincial (regional, municipal) Party Committee Propaganda Departments and provincial (regional, municipal) Party Committees, and after government agreement, are reported to the Central Propaganda Department and SARFT for approval. Plans for radio, film and television group formation in provincial capital cities and plan-listed cities are put forward by municipal radio, film and television bureaus, and after agreement by provincial (regional, municipal) Party Committee Propaganda Departments and provincial (regional, municipal) Party Committees, are reported to the Central Propaganda Department and SARFT for approval. Before provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television groups are formed; no radio, film and television group formation will be examined and approved in cities within administrative areas provisionally.

For the appointment or dismissal of provincial (regional, municipal) and city radio, film and television group Party Organizations (Party Committees) and management boards’ main responsible persons, the opinion of SARFT shall be sought in advance, and it will be reported and approved according to cadre management powers.

The responsibility for formulating formation plans for film groups are with provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television bureaus, and after agreement by provincial (regional, municipal) Party Committees and governments, are reported to the Central Propaganda Department and SARFT for examination and approval.

 

VII, In the process of group formation, all adjustments involving broadcast organs, channels and frequencies, regular examination and approval formalities shall be carried out strictly according to the “Radio and Television Management Regulations.

 

VIII, After forming radio, film and television groups, all work must be comprehensively planned, have a prominent focus, be implemented step by step, and attain the goals progressively. First, it is necessary to strive to deepen internal management structure and operational structure reform, according to the principles of unifying what can be unified best, dividing what is divided best, integrating unity and division, and rational division of work, implementing structural adjustment, optimizing resource allocation, and as quickly as possible realize the objective of the group’s overall operation. Secondly, accelerating radio and television transmission network integration, building nationwide and provincial (autonomous region, municipal) radio and television transmission network companies, realizing linking up of high and low, unifying operations. Third, integrating the city (district) and county (city) radio and television broadcast organ function transformation, strengthening uniting with and reorganizing city (district) and county (city) radio and television broadcast organs, creating conditions to stimulate their accession into groups as quickly as possible, and become substations or delegated agencies of group-subordinate radio stations and television stations. Fourth, vigorously mocking multimedia cross-operations and cross-region operation forward, shaping superiority of scale, making groups progressively develop into media groups having corresponding scale and power, and that are able to adapt to domestic and foreign media competition.

 

IX, Forcefully supporting radio, film and television groups to expand export and foreign sales of domestic film and television dramas. Encouraging film groups to form cinema chains and expand film distribution and screening. All film groups established according to regulations may within their provinces and cities’ television stations add one film channel, to be handled by the said film group, and brought into television station broadcast management. Film channels mainly broadcast films (including television films), and may also appropriately broadcast television dramas, but the broadcasting duration may not exceed 45% of the total quantity of film and television broadcasting. Film channels adopt cable television network transmission, and cover their administrative areas, income reverts to the film group and is to be used for film creation, production and undertaking development, and may not be moved to other uses.

 

X, Organizing radio, film and television groups is a major reform of radio, film and television sector management and operational mechanisms, has extensive involvement, a strong policy nature, and it is necessary to, according to the requirements of liberating thoughts, seeking through from facts, taking vigorous initiative, expanding strength, innovating deeply, and steadily moving forward, realistically strengthen leadership, organize meticulously, deploy carefully, move forward with leadership, with planning and gradually, preventing rushing headlong into action and oversimplification. It is necessary to deeply and in a detailed fashion do ideological and political work well, guarantee that no propaganda problems emerge during group reform, that no problems emerge in broadcasting security, and no problems emerge in teams. All provincial (regional, municipal) radio, film and television bureaus must strengthen coordination and communication with Party Committees and relevant government departments, strengthen investigation and research, and timely report major situations and major problems emerging during group reform to SARFT.

 

13 December 2001

国家广播电影电视总局关于积极推进广播影视集团化改革的实施细则(试行)

根据《中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于转发〈中央宣传部、国家广电总局、新闻出版总署关于深化新闻出版广播影视业改革的若干意见〉的通知》(中办发〔2001〕17号),现就积极推进广播影视集团化改革制定以下实施细则。

一、广播影视集团化改革,必须坚持以发展为主题,以结构调整为主线,着眼于进一步壮大实力,增强活力,提高竞争力。要充分考虑我国的国情,坚持广播影视的特殊性质,遵循社会主义市场经济规律和广播影视业发展的内在要求,借鉴经济领域改革的成功经验和国外的有益做法,有利于确保党对广播影视业的领导,有利于加强舆论宣传和思想文化阵地的建设,有利于广播电影电视共同发展,有利于发挥广大广播影视工作者的积极性。

二、广播影视集团是党的重要喉舌和重要的思想文化阵地,是拥有广播电台、电视台、电影制片厂(公司)、传输网络公司、互联网站以及报刊、出版、科技开发、广告经营、物业管理的综合性传媒集团。集团属于事业性质,实行企业化管理。集团应以广播电影电视为主业,以新闻宣传为中心,以繁荣创作为重点,同时可兼营其他相关产业。集团承担完成宣传任务和国有资产保值增值责任。集团组建后,继续享有国家对广播影视业原有的优惠政策。

三、广播影视集团由广电行政主管部门负责组建。组建集团坚持先试点后推广、成熟一个批准一个的原则,重点是搞好中国广播影视集团的组建和省(区、市)广播影视集团的组建试点工作。已经组建的集团,要根据中办发〔2001〕17号文件精神进一步加以规范、完善和提高。

有相当实力的省会城市、计划单列市在完整转播中央和省(区、市)广播电视节目的前提下,可以组建集团。“有相当实力”是指在2000年达到以下条件:(1)国民生产总值在800亿元以上;(2)常住人口在500万人以上;(3)具有较强的广播电视综合实力。

以中影、上影、长影、珠影、峨影、西影为骨干组建六个电影集团,并以紧密型或松散型方式加入广播影视集团。

四、广播影视集团实行党委(党组)领导下的管委会负责制。党委(党组)是集团的领导核心,全面领导集团工作,负责加强集团党的建设,研究制定集团发展规划和发展战略,决定重要宣传业务、人事任免、资本运作等重大决策。集团管委会在集团党委(党组)领导下,规划、管理并组织实施集团的各项任务,推进事业发展。

集团作为独立的事业法人实体,依照授权管理、经营所属广播影视实体的国有资产,对集团所属成员单位的宣传、人事、财务、业务和资产等实行统一管理,并按照精简、高效、统一的原则,建立相应的内部组织结构和管理层次。集团内部要划分事业性质和企业性质、事业管理职能和产业开发职能、宣传创作业务和经营业务,以资本和业务为纽带,在界定产权的基础上,规范集团成员之间的权利义务关系,确定各自承担的资产经营责任,实行财务统一管理和财务人员统一委派,积极探索适应集团发展要求的财务结算和监管体制。在集团中,事业单位按事业管理规定运营,采访、编辑、播出等新闻宣传业务部门一律不得参与经营活动。对于集团所属的电影集团公司、广播电视传输网络公司等企业,要严格按照国家规定建立现代企业制度,健全法人治理结构,设立董事会和独立于企业的监事会,监事会人员按干部管理权限依法委派。

五、广电行政管理部门要切实履行对广播影视集团和广播影视单位的新闻宣传、艺术创作、科学技术、事业规划、传输覆盖、市场管理和对外交往等行业管理职责。集团主要管好自身的宣传和事业发展。为加强对集团工作的领导,可实行广电行政管理部门的领导班子成员与集团领导班子成员个别交叉兼职。

六、省(区、市)广播影视集团的组建,由省(区、市)广电局提出方案,经省(区、市)党委宣传部审核和省(区、市)党委、政府同意后,报中宣部和国家广电总局批准。省会城市、计划单列市组建广播影视集团,由市广电局提出方案,经省(区、市)广电局审核和党委宣传部同意后,报中宣部和国家广电总局审批。在省(区、市)广播影视集团未组建前,暂不审批所在行政区域内市广播影视集团的组建。

省(区、市)、市广播影视集团党组(党委)、管委会主要负责人的任免应事先征求国家广电总局意见,按干部管理权限报批。

电影集团的组建方案,由所在省(区、市)广电局负责制定,经省(区、市)党委和政府同意后,报中宣部和国家广电总局审批。

七、在组建集团过程中,凡涉及到播出机构、频道、频率的调整,应严格按照《广播电视管理条例》的规定,履行正常审批手续。

八、广播影视集团组建后,各项工作要统筹规划,突出重点,分步实施,逐步到位。一是要着力于深化内部管理体制和运行机制的改革,按照宜统则统、宜分则分、统分结合、合理分工的原则,实施结构调整,优化资源配置,尽快实现集团整体运营的目标。二是加快广播电视传输网络的整合,组建全国和省(区、市)广播电视传输网络公司,实现上下贯通、统一运营。三是结合市(地)、县(市)广播电视播出机构的职能转变,加强与市(地)、县(市)广播电视播出机构的联合、重组,创造条件促使其尽快加入集团,成为集团所属电台、电视台的分台或派出机构。四是积极推进多媒体兼营和跨地区经营,形成规模优势,使集团逐步发展成为具有相当规模和实力、能够适应国内外媒体竞争的传媒集团。

九、大力支持广播影视集团扩大出口外销国产影视剧。鼓励电影集团组建院线扩大电影发行放映。凡按规定成立的电影集团,可在所在省、市电视台增办一个电影频道,由该电影集团经办,纳入电视台播出管理。电影频道以播放电影(包括电视电影)为主,也可适当播放电视剧,但播出时间不超过影视片播出总量的45%。电影频道采用有线电视网传输,覆盖本行政区域,收入归电影集团,用于电影的创作生产和事业发展,不得挪作他用。

十、组建广播影视集团是广播影视业管理体制和运行机制的重大改革,涉及面广,政策性强,要按照解放思想,实事求是,积极主动,加大力度,深入创新,稳步推进的要求,切实加强领导,精心组织,周密部署,有领导、有计划、有步骤地进行,防止一哄而起和简单化。要深入细致地做好思想政治工作,确保在集团化改革中宣传不出问题、安全播出不出问题、队伍不出问题。各省(区、市)广播影视局要加强与党委、政府有关部门的协调沟通,加强调查研究,对集团化改革中出现的重要情况和重大问题,及时向国家广电总局报告。

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