Implementation Regulations Concerning Implementing a Radio and Television Programme Production and Distribution Sector Access System (Trial)

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17 December 2001

SSO No. [2001]1476

According to the “Central Propaganda Department, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television and General Administration of Press and Publication Some Opinions Concerning Deepening Press and Publications and Radio, Film and Television Sector Reform”(NDC No. (2000)17)” and regulations such as the SARFT “Provisional Television Production Business Organ Management Regulations” (Original MRFT Decree No. 16), the “Television Drama Management Regulations” (SARFT Decree No. 2), etc., concerning strengthening radio and television programme production and distribution sector access, the following implementation regulations are formulated.

I, Organs engaging in radio and television programme production work, must obtain a “Radio and Television Programme Production Business Permit” (hereafter simply named Production Business Permit). SARFT implements a general inspection and control system and localized management over the Production Business Permit. Central and State organs and national first-level community-subordinate organs applying for a Production Business Permit, will be examined, approved and issued by SARFT. Local organs applying for a Production Business Permit, will be examined and approved by the provincial-level administrative radio, film and television entity of their locality, and report to SARFT for filing. The Production Business Permit is uniformly printed by SARFT. Organs obtaining a Production Business Permit may only engage in work within the scope accredited by the permit-issuing entity, producing television dramas must be approved separately according to regulations.

II, Applications for a Production Business Permit shall conform to the following conditions: (1) having a professional controlling organ conducting content examination and gate keeping over programmes that are produced or distributed, the professional controlling organ shall be a prefecture or city-level or higher propaganda, news, culture or radio and television entity or a first-level community organization in sectors such as news, culture, radio and television , etc., registered with the Ministry of Civil Affairs; (2) having funding and technological equipment suited for developing radio and television programme production business work, with a registered capital that may not be lower than 3.000.000 Yuan; (3) having organizational structures and expert personnel suited to their work, the main members shall have corresponding professional experience of two years or more of radio and television, news and propaganda or culture work, legal representatives shall have obtained a provincial-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity-issued “Radio and Television Programme Producer Certificate”; (4) having fixed premises, etc., for developing radio and television programme production business work.

Organs not having obtained a Production Business Permit or individuals may not engage in any radio and television programme production work. Foreign organs and individuals may not establish radio and television programme production business organs  within the borders by themselves or in cooperation with domestic organs and individuals. Under special circumstances, special approval can be made separately.

III, Radio and television programme production business organs must participate in relevant annual examination according to regulations, those having produced or distributed radio and television programmes in violation of regulations or discipline, shall be issued a warning, provisionally have their corresponding qualification stopped, up until having their permits revoked by the provincial-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity in view of the situation. Organs of which the Production Business Permit has been revoked, may not apply for establishing a radio and television programme organ or develop programme production work for three years, their legal representatives may not continue to engage in work related to radio and television programme production for three years.

IV, Establishment of television drama production work units and production of television dramas must be approved by SARFT, and an A-Level or B-level “Television Drama Production Permit” must be obtained. City-level (included) or higher radio, film and television groups, television stations or television drama production centres and film studios (companies) annually producing and completing 4 or more single dramas or 2 or more middle or long television drama series, as well as audiovisual publishers, special propaganda culture work units having obtained a Production Business Permit, may apply for an A-level permit qualification. Work units holding an A-level “Television Drama Production Permit”, after obtaining approval for their television drama theme plan, foreign acting personnel, etc., may conduct television drama production. A B-level “Television Drama Production Permit” is only used for producing the television drama corresponding to that permit, work unit having B-level permit qualifications are approved by the SARFT, their produced television drama theme planning, foreign acting personnel, etc., passes through SARFT approval, after obtaining a B-level permit, may the television drama be produced.

Work units applying for a “Television Drama Production Permit” shall conform to the following conditions: (1) having organizational structures and special personnel suited for their work, the legal representative shall have obtained a provincial-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity-issued “Radio and Television Programme Producer Certificate”; (2) having funding and special equipment suited for their work; (3) conforming to the State-formulated television drama production and development plan.

V, SARFT conducts general amount control and dynamic management over the “Television Drama Production Permit”. Work units already having obtained an A-level Permit, where their production achievements cannot reach the statutory requirements, shall be issued a warning, those whose work achievements do not reach statutory requirements for two years continuously, shall be lowered to a B-level permit work units, those still not having work achievements within two years, have their television drama production qualifications cancelled. B-level work units of which the work achievements reach A-level work unit statutory standards for two years continuously, may be promoted to A-level permit work units, other radio and television programme production business organs that jointly produced television dramas with outstanding work achievements with other work units holding a “Television Drama Production Permit, after preliminary verification by the provincial-level administrative radio, film and television entity, may report to SARFT for approval, and may obtain B-level permit application qualifications.

Television dramas of which production is completed, shall be submitted to the provincial-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity for examination according to regulations, and apply for a “Television Drama Distribution Permit”.

VI, Engaging in business and trade activities of radio and television programmes such as copyright trade, transfer, exchange and agency, must be done by an organ that has obtained a “Radio and Television Programme Production Business Permit”. When distributing programmes, lawful copyright certification and their Production Business Permit (copy) must be provided to the authorizing side, when distributing television dramas (including importing films) or importing cartoons, certification such as the “Television Drama Distribution Permit”, “Cartoon Distribution Permit”, etc., must be provided at the same time.  For television programme distribution activities, the SARFT-provided standard contract shall be used.

Organizing international or national-scale and interprovincial programme trade activities, must be reported to SARFT for approval according to statutory procedures. When conditions are ripe, all radio and television programme distribution activities shall be conducted in a programme trading centre established with SARFT authorization and a on related programme trading special network established by this centre.

VI, It is prohibited for work units not having obtained a Production Business Permit to distribute all kinds of radio and television programmes; it is prohibited to distribute programmes that shall obtain according to regulations but have not obtained the corresponding distribution permit; it is prohibited to distribute programmes of which copyright has not been obtained lawfully. Broadcasting organs may not purchase or broadcast radio and television programmes having one of the abovementioned situations.

Organs conducting programme market retail activities violating relevant State laws, regulations and normative documents, shall be issued a warning, reported for criticism, have their corresponding qualification stopped, up until having their permits revoked by the provincial-level or higher administrative radio, film and television entity in view of the situation.  Organs of which the Production Business Permit has been revoked, may not apply for establishing a radio and television programme organ or develop programme production work or develop programme retail work for three years, their legal representatives may not continue to engage in work related to radio and television programme production business for five years.

VIII, With SARFT approval, radio and television programme production work units may cooperate with foreign organs to produce special-subject and special column programmes television dramas, etc., and may also invite foreign personnel to participate in relevant radio and television programme production activities, and are permitted to attract foreign technology and funds to develop concrete production programme cooperation.

IX, All work units having obtained a “Radio and Television Programme Production Business Permit”, with approval of the controlling authority of the audiovisual market, may engage in audiovisual product production business activities.

X, According to the principle of “who approves is responsible”, provincial-level administrative radio, film and television entities shall within the first season of every year, conduct re-examination and verification of radio and television programme production business organs that have been approved but do not have a higher-level controlling authority or professional controlling work unit, all those conform to requirements shall be brought into the radio and television sector management scope of that province (autonomous region, municipality), those not conform to requirements shall have their “Radio and Television Programme Production Business Permit” revoked.

关于实行广播电视节目制作、发行行业准入制度的实施细则(试行)

(广发办字[2001]1476号)

根据《中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于转发〈中央宣传部、国家广电总局、新闻出版总署关于深化新闻出版广播影视业改革的若干意见〉的通知》(中办发[2001]17号)和国家广电总局《影视制作经营机构管理暂行规定》(原广电部令第16号)、《电视剧管理规定》(国家广电总局令第2号)等规定,就加强广播电视节目生产制作、发行行业准入管理,制定以下实施细则。
一、从事广播电视节目制作业务的机构,必须取得《广播电视节目制作经营许可证》(以下简称”制作经营许可证”)。国家广电总局对制作经营许可证实行总量控制、分级管理。中央国家机关和全国一级社团所属机构申请制作经营许可证,由国家广电总局审批并核发。地方机构申请制作经营许可证、由当地省级广播电视行政部门审批、核发、并报国家广电总局备案。制作经营许可证由国家广电总局统一印制。取得制作经营许可证的机构只能从事经发证机关认定范围内的业务,制作电视剧需按规定另行批准。
二、申请制作经营许可证应符合以下条件:(1)有承担对其制作、发行的节目进行内容审查把关的业务主管机构,业务主管机构应是地市级以上的宣传、新闻、文化、广电部门及在民政部注册登记的新闻、文化、广电等行业的一级社团组织;(2)有与开展广播电视节目制作经营业务相适应的资金和技术设备,其中注册资金不得少于300万元;(3)有与其业务相适应的组织机构和专业人员,其主要成员应有两年以上广播电视、新闻宣传或文艺工作等相应从业经历,其法定代表人应取得省级以上广播电视行政部门颁发的《广播电视节目出品人资格证》;(4)有开展广播电视节目制作经营业务的固定场所等。
未取得制作经营许可证的机构或个人不得从事任何广播电视节目的制作业务。境外机构和个人不得在境内独立设立或与境内机构和个人合作设立广播电视节目制作经营机构。特殊情况,另行专项报批。
三、广播电视节目制作经营机构必须按规定参加有关年检,有违规违纪制作、发行广播电视节目的,省级以上广播电视行政部门视情况,给予警告、暂停其相应资格直至吊销许可证的处分。被吊销制作经营许可证的机构,三年内不得申请设立广播电视节目制作机构及开展节目制作业务,其法定代表人三年内不得继续人事与广播电视节目制作相关的业务。
四、设立电视剧生产单位和制作电视剧,须由国家广电总局批准,并取得甲种或乙种《电视剧制作许可证》。每年制作完成4部以上单本剧或2部以上中、长篇电视剧的市级(含)以上广播影视集团、电视台或电视剧制作中心、电影制片厂(公司),以及已取得制作经营许可证的音像出版社、专业宣传文艺单位,可申请甲种证资格。持有甲种《电视剧制作许可证》的单位其电视剧题材规划、境外演职员等获得批准后,即可进行电视剧制作。乙种《电视剧制作许可证》仅用于制作与该证相符的电视剧,具有乙种证资格的单位经国家广电总局批准,其制作电视剧的题材规划、境外演员等经国家广电总局批准,并取得乙 种证后即可制作电视剧。
申请《电视剧制作许可证》的单位应符合以下条件:(1)有与其业务相适应的组织机构和专业人员,其法定代表人应取得省级以上广播电视行政部门颁发的《广播电视节目出品人资格证》;(2)有与其业务相适应的资金和专用设备;(3)符合国家制定的电视剧制作发展规划。
五、国家广电总局对《电视剧制作许可证》实行总量控制、动态管理。已经取得甲种证的单位其制作业绩如不能达到规定要求的将给予警告,连续二年业绩均未达到规定要求的,则降格为乙种证单位,两年仍无业绩的则取消其电视剧制作资格。制作业绩连续两年达到甲种证单位规定条件的乙种证单位可晋升为甲种证单位,与其他持有《电视剧制作许可证》单位联合制作电视剧业绩突出的广播电视节目制作经营机构,经省级广电行政部门初核,报国家广电总局批准,可取得乙种证申领资格。
制作完成的电视剧,应按规定报送省级以上广播电视行政部门审查,并申领《电视剧发行许可证》。
六、从事广播电视节目的版权交易、转让、交换及代理等经营交易活动,必须由取得《广播电视节目制作经营许可证》的机构进行。发行节目时,必须向授权方提供合法的版权证明及其制作经营许可证(复印件),发行电视剧(含引进电影片)、引进动画片时,还须同时提供《电视剧发行许可证》、《动画片发行许可证》等证明。电视节目发行活动应使用国家广电总局提供的规范合约。
举办国际性、全国性及跨省区的节目交易活动,须按规定程序报国家广电总局批准。条件成熟时,所有广播电视节目发行活动应在国家广电总局授权建立的节目交易中心及其开设的有关节目交易专用网上进行。
七、禁止未取得制作经营许可证的单位发行各类广播电视节目;禁止发行按规定应取得而未取得相应发行许可证的节目;禁止发行未取得合法版权的节目。播出机构不得购买、播放有上述情况之一的广播电视节目。
对违反国家有关法律、法规和规范性文件进行节目市场营销活动的机构,省级以上广播电视行政部门视情况给予警告、通报批评、暂停其相应资格直至吊销许可证的处分。被吊销许可证的机构,自其许可证被吊销之日起三年内,不得申请设立广播电视节目营销机构及开展节目营销业务,其法定代表人不得在五年内从事与广播电视节目制作经营业务相关的工作。
八、经国家广电总局批准,影视节目制作单位可与境外机构合作制作专题、专栏和电视剧等广播电视节目,也可聘请境外人员参与有关广播电视节目制作活动,允许吸纳境外技术和资金开展具体制作项目合作。
九、凡是取得《广播电视节目制作经营许可证》的单位,经音像市场主管部门核准,可从事音像制品的制作经营业务。
十、根据”谁批准谁负责”的原则,省级广播电视行政部门应在每年第一季度内,对已经批准但无上级主管单位或业务主管单位的广播电视节目制作经营机构,进行重新审核,凡符合要求的应纳入本省(自治区、直辖市)广播电视行业管理范围,不符合要求的,则应撤销其《广播电视节目制作经营许可证》。

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