Implementation Rules Concerning Strengthening the Construction of a Legal System for Radio, Film and Television (Trial)

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RDGO No. 1459(2001)

According to the “Central Committee Secretariat, State Council Secretariat Notice Concerning Transmission of the ‘Central Propaganda Department, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television and General Administration of Press and Publication Some Opinions Concerning Deepening Press and Publications and Radio, Film and Television Sector Reform”, the following Implementing Rules strengthening the construction of a legal system for radio, film and television are formulated.

I, With a creative spirit following the times, deepening the establishment of a new radio, film and television policy and law setup. It is necessary to closely centre on the theme of radio, film and television reform and development, explore and construct a new radio, film and television policy and law setup that takes the Constitution as the foundation, takes radio and television law and film law as backbone, in which regulations, rules and policies mutually form a set, in which coordination is unified, which integrates scientific lawmaking, wide law popularization, strict law enforcement, and dealing with offenders, and that conforms to the general requirements of State legal system construction, conforms to the basic rules and special characteristics of radio, film and television, and conforms to the general objective of reform and development. Accelerating the promotion of radio, film and television law system building projects, even better giving rein to the guaranteeing, promotion, guidance and standardizing functions of legal system construction in radio, film and television undertaking reform and development.

II, Closely integrating radio, film and television reform and development processes, grasping formulation and completely implementing the implementation rules and set of measures of document NDC No. (2001)17. Including a number of implementing rules and related regulations for formulation and appearance of radio, film and television group reforms, financial system reforms, multimedia business and interregional operations, high-technology applications, the “stepping out project”, film distribution and screening mechanism reform, programme production and distribution sector access system, video-on-demand trials and management, network dissemination and broadcasting of film and television programme management, foreign satellite television channel landing examination and approval management, broadcaster, presenter and producer and production manager certification employment system, etc.,

III, According to the requirements of radio, film and television sector characteristics and strengthening management, on the basis of general reform and successful experimentation, timely transforming relevant implementation rules and policy steps into rules and regulations through legal procedures.  Aimed at managing urgently required work standardization and adjustment hot spots and difficult problems, focusing on doing a good job of the revision of regulations such as the “Cable Television Management Trial Rules”, etc.,  and the completion of revision of rules and standardizing documents such as the “Operation of Radio and Television Programme Transmission Professional Examination and Approval Trial Rules”, “Rules Concerning Establishment of Cable Radio and Television Channel Examination And Approval Management Rules”, and turning them into administrative regulations at the right moment; aimed at the new situations and new problems brought about by high-technology development such as digitalization, networking, etc.,  to radio, film and television management, on the basis of original regulations and standardizing documents, timely drafting the administrative regulations and rules such as the “Television Drama Management Regulations”, “Online Dissemination and Broadcast of Film and Television Programme Management Regulations”, “Video On Demand Programme Management Regulations”, “Radio and Television Network Safety Management Regulations, etc.

IV, Learning from foreign experiences in protecting ethnic culture and social safety legislation, fully utilizing WTO regulations establishing protective screens for promoting Chinese radio, film and television development. Timely investigating drafting of a radio and television law and film law, strongly striving to use three to five years, to make the radio, film and television law and regulation framework to obtain realistic substance and completeness, raising radio, film and television law and regulation standing and efficiency, even better promoting and guaranteeing radio, film and television sector reform and opening up, strengthening macroeconomic regulation, standardizing market order, protecting public cultural rights, according to the law. Simultaneously it is necessary to strictly implement the “Legislation Law”, revise the “Radio, Film and Television Legislative Procedure Regulations”, complete legislative procedures, strengthen legislative planning and predictability, further strengthen regulation suggestions and replies, legislative explanation and regulation and rule filing, arranging and compiling work, raising legislative quality.

V, Strengthening intellectual property protection work, integrating radio, film and television system reality, completely implementing relevant laws such as the “Copyright Law” and the “Trademark Law”. Establishing a standardized and complete radio, film and television intellectual property rights protection system, supervising and examining the real situation of intellectual property rights law in the radio, film and television system; finishing popularizing and application of radio stations and television stations using works to standardize contracts; finishing coordination in relevant entities and systems with foreign-related radio, film and television intellectual property rights problems; coordinating with the State Council Legal Affairs Office in finishing drafting and research of statutory licences and remuneration rules for radio and television broadcasting of works, raising radio, film and television intellectual property rights protection level.

VI, Strengthening administration according to the law, management according to the law, strict enforcement of law and discipline, accurate law enforcement. It is necessary to realistically perform management and law enforcement duties, ensure that laws are strictly observed, enforcement of laws must be strict, lawbreakers must be dealt with. Executing the “Administrative Punishment Law” and the “Radio, Film and Television Administrative Punishment Procedure Trial Regulations” to the letter, finishing administrative punishment hearing work; further establishing and completing and vigorously pushing relevant institutions and steps such as radio, film and television system government administration publicizing systems, administrative law enforcement duty system, etc., raising the level and capacity of administration according to the law of the complete system, and management according to the law, diligently constructing a desirable radio, film and television management procedure.

VII, Completing law enforcement supervision systems, strengthening law enforcement supervision and inspection, guaranteeing that all laws, regulations and rules are completely and accurately implemented. It is necessary to further complete systems and steps relevant to law enforcement supervision radio, film and television administrative law enforcement mistake investigation systems, appraisal and examination systems, law enforcement announcement systems, etc.; executing the provisions of the “Administrative Redress Law”, “Administrative Litigation Law” and “Radio, Film and Television Administrative Redress Rules” to the letter, finishing administrative redress case acceptance and administrative defendant work; strengthening guidance and communication of the complete systems’ administrative redress and administrative defendant work, raising the radio, film and television systems’ administrative redress and administrative defendant capacity, work quality and level.

VIII, Diligently strengthening legal system consciousness, strengthening radio, film and television legal service and legal guidance. It is necessary to vigorously develop legal service and consultancy work in the radio, film and television system; it is necessary to conduct law examination and verification, and final checking by expert personnel over entities’ major policy decision, major and influential contrast or agreements, etc.; enterprises and undertaking work units meeting conditions may engage legal advisors; legal system work entities must, in major matters concerning radio, film and television rule building and system establishment or reform and development, act well as advising assistants before policy decisions, perform final checks well during policy decisions, and keep tabs on supervision and examination after policy decisions.

IX, Establishing, completing and perfecting law enforcement teams and team work organs, further strengthening law enforcement personnel and law enforcement work team establishment. It is necessary to perform law enforcement personnel professional training and assessment well, strengthen management over law enforcement personnel and law enforcement credentials; legal system work must accomplish thoughtfulness, goal-drivenness, planning, steps, organization, expertise, and outlay; it is necessary to make the legal system works’ concrete entities explicit, deploy expert staff who understand their profession, clearly administer leadership, grant the necessary financial and work condition support; it is necessary to broaden legal system cadre training channels, exert great effort to train and foster radio, film and television work teams with high political calibre, perfect professional ability and having both ability and integrity.

X, Completely implementing the “National Radio, Film and Television System Legal System Propaganda Education 4th Five Year Plan”, further improving and strengthening legal system propaganda education work. It is necessary to deeply study Deng Xiaoping democratic legal system theory and  ruling the country according to the law, ruling the country according to virtue, establish the socialist legal system state’s basic plan, study propagating the Constitution and basic State laws, study socialist market economy laws and regulations, as well as radio, film and television specialist laws and regulations. Establishing and perfecting the guiding cadres’ legal system study and lecture system, official personnel legal knowledge training, examination and assessment system. Guiding cadres setting the example, completely strengthening radio, film and television system’s legal sense and legal knowledge in making policy decisions according to the law, administering according to the law, propagating according to the law, handling matters according to the law, creating a desirable legal system environment for the radio, film and television undertakings’ healthy development.

国家广播电影电视总局关于加强广播影视法制建设的实施细则(试行)

广发办字〔2001〕1459号

根据《中共中央办公厅、国务院办公厅关于转发〈中央宣传部、国家广电总局、新闻出版总署关于深化新闻出版广播影视业改革的若干意见〉的通知》(中办发(2001)17号),就加强广播影视法制建设制定以下实施细则。

一、以与时俱进的创新精神,探索建立广播影视政策法律新体系。要紧密围绕广播影视改革与发展的主题,探索和构建以宪法为根本,以广播电视法和电影法为主干,法规、规章、政策相互配套,协调统一,集立法科学、普法广泛、执法从严、违法必究为一体的,符合国家法制建设的总体要求、符合广播影视的基本规律和特点、符合改革发展总体目标的广播影视政策法律新体系。加快推进广播影视法制化进程,更好地发挥法制建设对广播影视事业改革和发展的保障、促进、指导和规范作用。

二、紧密结合广播影视改革发展进程,抓紧制定全面贯彻中办发17号文件的实施细则和配套措施。包括制定出台广播影视集团化改革、融资体制改革、多媒体兼营和跨地区经营、高新技术应用、“走出去工程”、电影发行放映机制改革、节目制作和发行行业准入制度、视频点播试点和管理、网上传播广播电影电视类节目管理、境外卫星电视频道落地审批管理、播音员主持人和制片人出品人持证上岗制度等一系列实施细则和有关规章。

三、根据广播影视业的特点和加强管理的需要,在总结改革成功经验的基础上,及时将有关实施细则和政策措施通过法律程序转为法规、规章。针对管理工作中急需规范和调整的热点、难点问题,重点抓好《有线电视管理暂行办法》等法规的修订和《经营广播电视节目传送业务审批管理暂行办法》、《关于建立有线广播电视频道审批管理办法》等规章及规范性文件的修改完善,并适时上升为行政法规;针对数字化、网络化等高新技术发展对广播影视管理带来的新情况、新问题,在原有规章和规范性文件的基础上,适时起草《电视剧管理条例》、《网上传播广播电影电视类节目管理规定》、《视频点播节目管理规定》、《广播电视网络安全管理规定》等行政法规、规章。

四、借鉴国外保护民族文化和社会安全的立法经验,充分利用世贸组织规则,建立促进中国广播影视发展的保护性屏障。适时调研起草广播电视法和电影法,力争用三到五年的时间,使广播电影电视法律法规体系框架得到切实的充实和完善,提高广播影视法规层次和效力,更好地依法促进和保障广播影视业的改革开放、加强宏观调控、规范市场秩序、维护公民文化权利。同时要严格执行《立法法》,修改《广播电影电视立法程序规定》,完善立法程序,增强立法的规划性和预测性,进一步加强法规意见回复、立法解释和法规规章的备案、清理、编纂工作,提高立法质量。

五、加强知识产权保护工作,结合广播影视系统实际,全面贯彻实施《著作权法》、《商标法》等有关法律。建立规范、完备的广播影视知识产权保护制度,监督检查广播影视系统内知识产权法律的实施情况;做好广播电台、电视台使用作品标准化合同的推广和应用;做好与相关部门、系统内及涉外广播影视知识产权问题的协调;配合国务院法制办公室做好广播电视播放作品法定许可付酬办法的起草和调研,提高广播影视知识产权保护的水平。

六、加强依法行政、依法管理、严肃法纪、准确执法。要切实履行管理和执法职责,有法必依,执法必严,违法必究。严格执行《行政处罚法》和《广播电影电视行政处罚程序暂行规定》,做好行政处罚听证工作;进一步建立健全并积极推进广播影视系统政务公开制、行政执法责任制等有关制度和措施,提高全系统依法行政、依法管理的水平和能力,努力建设良好的广播影视管理秩序。

七、健全执法监督机制,强化执法监督检查,确保各项法规规章全面准确地实施。要进一步健全广播影视行政执法过错追究制、评议考核制、执法公示制等有关执法监督的制度和措施;严格执行《行政复议法》、《行政诉讼法》和《广播电影电视行政复议办法》的规定,做好行政复议案件的受理和行政应诉工作;加强对全系统行政复议、行政应诉工作的指导和交流,提高广播影视系统行政复议、行政应诉的能力、工作质量和水平。

八、努力增强法制意识,加强广播影视法律服务和法律指导。要积极开展广播影视系统内的法律服务与咨询工作;要由专门的人员对部门的重大决策、有重大影响的合同或协议等进行法律审核、把关;有条件的企事业单位可聘请法律顾问;法制工作部门要在广播影视建章立制和改革发展的重大事项中,当好决策前的参谋助手,做好决策中的服务把关,管好决策后的监督检查。

九、建立健全和完善执法队伍和法制工作机构,进一步加强执法人员和法制工作队伍建设。要做好执法人员的上岗培训与考核,加强对执法人员和执法证件的管理;法制工作要做到有思路、有目标、有规划、有措施、有机构、有专人、有经费;要明确法制工作的具体部门,配备懂业务的专职人员,明确分管领导,给予必要的经费和工作条件的支持;要拓宽法制干部培训渠道,下大力气培养、造就政治素质高、业务能力精的德才兼备的广播影视法制工作队伍。

十、全面贯彻落实《全国广播影视系统法制宣传教育第四个五年规划》,进一步改进和加强法制宣传教育工作。要深入学习邓小平民主法制理论和依法治国、以德治国,建设社会主义法制国家的基本方略,学习宣传宪法和国家的基本法律,学习社会主义市场经济法律法规以及广播影视专业法律法规。建立健全领导干部法制学习和讲座制度,公务员法律知识培训、考试、考核制度。领导干部带头,全面增强广播影视系统依法决策、依法行政、依法宣传、依法办事的法制观念和法律意识,为广播影视事业的健康发展创造良好的法制环境。

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