Provisional Internet Publishing Management Regulations

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General Administration of Press and Publication of China, Ministry of Information Industry of China Decree

(No. 17)

The “Provisional Internet Publishing Management Regulations” were passed at the 20th administration affairs meeting of the General Administration of Press and Publications on 24 December 2001 and the 10th ministerial affairs meeting of the Ministry of Information Industry on 27 June 2002, is hereby promulgated, and will take effect on 1 August 2002.

General Administration of Press and Publications Director, Shi Zongyuan

Ministry of Information Industry Minister, Wu Jichuan

27 June 2002

Provisional Internet Publishing Management Regulations

Chapter I: General provisions

Article 1: In order to strengthen management over Internet publishing activities, guarantee the lawful rights and interests of Internet publishing organs, and stimulate the healthy and orderly of our country’s Internet publishing undertaking, on the basis of the “Publishing Management Regulations” and the “Internet Information Service Management Regulations”, these Regulations are formulated.

Article 2: Engagement in Internet publishing activities shall respect the Constitution and relevant laws and regulations, persist in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism, disseminate and accumulate all ideological, moral, scientific, technological and cultural knowledge that is beneficial to raising the quality of the nation, promoting economic development and stimulating social progress, and enrich the people’s spiritual lives.

Article 3: These Regulations apply to engagement in Internet publishing activities within the borders of the People’s Republic of China.

Article 4: The General Administration of Press and Publications is responsible for the supervision and management of Internet publishing work nationwide, its duties are:

(1) formulating national Internet publishing plans, and organizing implementation;

(2) formulating Internet publishing management principles, policies and rules;

(3) formulating plans on the total amount, structuring and distribution of Internet publishing organs, and organizing implementation;

(4) carrying out preliminary examination and approval of Internet publishing organs;

(5) on the basis of relevant laws, regulations and rules, carrying out supervision and management over the content of Internet publications, and imposing punishment on acts violating State publishing regulations.

Provincial, autonomous region and municipal administrative press and publications departments are responsible for daily Internet publishing management work in their administrative areas, for conducting examination and verification of applications to engage in Internet publishing business in their administrative areas, and imposing punishments on violations of State publications regulations in their administrative areas.

Article 5: Internet publishing as named in these Regulations, refers to acts whereby Internet information providers select, edit and process works created by themselves or created by others, publish them on the Internet or send them to user terminals through the Internet, for the public to browse, read, use or download. The works mainly include:

(1) officially published books, newspapers, periodicals, audiovisual products, electronic publications and other works that have published content or have been openly published on other media;

(2) literary, artistic, natural science, social science, engineering, technology and other works that have been edited and processed.

Internet publishing organs as named in these Regulations refers to Internet information service providers that have obtained administrative press and publications department and telecommunications management organ approval, which engage in Internet publishing business.

Chapter II: Administrative examination and approval, supervision and management

Article 6: Approval must be obtained to engage in Internet publishing activities. Without approval, no work unit or individual may launch Internet publishing activities.

No organization or individual may interfere with, obstruct or destroy Internet publishing organs that engage in Internet publishing activities according to the law.

Article 7: Apart from the conditions provided in the “Internet Information Service Management Regulations”, engagement in Internet publishing business shall also meet the following conditions:

(1) having a determined publishing scope;

(2) having articles of associations conform to the provisions of laws and regulations;

(3) having the necessary editorial and publishing organs and specialist personnel;

(4) having finances, equipment and premises suited to the needs of the publishing business.

Article 8: To apply to engage in Internet publishing business, the sponsor shall put forward an application to the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department, after the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department examines, verifies and agrees with this, it is to be reported to the General Administration of Press and Publications for examination and approval.

Article 9: When applying to engage in Internet publishing business, the following materials shall be submitted:

(1) an “Internet Publishing Business Application Form” uniformly produced by the General Administration of Press and Publications;

(2) organic articles of association;

(3) certification of funding sources and amounts, and credit certification;

(4) certification of the specialist qualifications of main responsible persons or the legal representative, as well as the main editing and technological personnel, and certification of their identities;

(5) use certification for the work premises.

Article 10: The administrative press and publications department shall make a decision of approval or non-approval within sixty days of receiving the application, and the local provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department notifies the sponsor in writing; in case of non-approval, the reasons shall be explained.

Article 11: After Internet publishing business is approved, the sponsor shall go to the provincial, autonomous region or municipal telecommunications management organ with the administrative press and publications department approval documents to conduct corresponding formalities.

Chapter III: The rights and duties of Internet publishing organs

Article 12: Internet publishing organs shall indicate their administrative press and publications department approval document number on the main page of their websites.

Article 13″ Where Internet publishing organs change their name or sponsor, merge or separate, they shall conduct registration modification formalities according to the provisions of Article 8 and Article 9 of these Regulations, and shall go to the provincial, autonomous region or municipal telecommunications management organ with the administrative press and publications department approval documents to conduct corresponding formalities.

Article 14: Where Internet publishing organs terminate Internet publishing business, the sponsor shall go to the local provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department to conduct cancellation formalities within 30 days of ceasing the Internet publishing business, and report this to the General Administration of Press and Publications for filing. At the same time, he shall go to the corresponding provincial, autonomous region or municipal telecommunications management organ to conduct Internet information service business permit modification or cancellation formalities

Article 15: Where Internet publishing organs have not launched Internet publishing activities within 180 days of registration, the original registering administrative press and publications department cancels registration and files this with the General Administration of Press and Publications. At the same time, it notifies the corresponding provincial, autonomous region or municipal telecommunications management organ.

Article 16: Where Internet publishing organs publish major special topics involving national security, social stability or other such aspects, they shall report to the General Administration of Press and Publications for filing according to the regulations on major special subjects. Special subjects that have not been filed may not be published.

Article 17: Internet publications may not contain the following content:

(1) content violating the basic principles determined in the Constitution;

(2) content endangering national unity, sovereignty and territorial integrity;

(3) content divulging State secrets, endangering national security and harming national honour and interests;

(4) content inciting ethnic hatred or ethnic discrimination, destroying ethnic unity, or infringing on ethnic customs and habits;

(5) content propagating heresy or superstition;

(6) disseminating rumours, disordering social order, and destroying social stability;

(7) content propagating obscenity, gambling or violence, or instigating crime;

(8) content insulting or slandering other persons, or infringing other persons’ lawful rights and interests;

(9) content harming social public morals or the excellent cultural traditions of the nation;

(10) other content prohibited by laws, administrative regulations and State rules.

Article 18: The content of Internet publications targeted at minors may not contain content that induces minors to imitate acts violating social public morals or illegal and criminal activities, as well as terror, brutal and other such content that impairs the physical and mental health of minors.

Article 19: Where content of Internet publications is not true or not fair, leading to harm to the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons and other such organizations, Internet publishing organs shall openly rectify this, eliminate the influence, and bear civil liability according to the law.

Article 20: Where Internet publishing organs discover that the works they publish or transmit contain one of the contents listed in Article 17 and Article 18 of these Regulations, they shall immediately cease publication or transmission, preserve relevant records, report to the local provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department and copy in the General Administration of Press and Publications at the same time.

Article 21: Internet publishing organs shall implement responsibility systems, and must have special editing personnel to examine publication content, to guarantee the legality of Internet publishing. Editing personnel in Internet publishing organs shall receive on-the-job training.

Article 22: Internet publishing organs shall record back-ups of the content of works they publish and transmit, as well as the time, Internet address and domain name, record back-ups shall be preserved for sixty days, and provided when relevant State departments make inquiries according to the law.

Article 23: When engaging in Internet publishing activities, State laws and regulations relating to copyright shall be observed, and corresponding copyright notes shall be indicated in the published or transmitted works.

Chapter IV: Punishments

Article 24: Where unauthorized Internet publishing activities are conducted without approval, the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department or the General Administration of Press and Publications imposes a ban, confiscates the main equipment, special tools and unlawful income of the illegal publishing activity, where the unlawful business volume is 10.000 Yuan or more, it also imposes a fine of five times or more but less than 10 times the unlawful business volume; where the unlawful business is less than 10.000 Yuan, a fine of 10.000 Yuan or more but less than 50.000 Yuan shall additionally be imposed.

Article 25: Where Article 12 of these Regulations is violated, the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department or the General Administration of Press and Publications issues a warning, and imposes a fine of 5.000 Yuan or more but less than 50.000 Yuan.

Article 26: Where Article 16 of these Regulations is violated, the cessation of publication or transmission of major special subject works that have not been filed is ordered, the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department or the General Administration of Press and Publications issues a warning, and imposes a fine of 10.000 Yuan or more but less than 50.000 Yuan; where circumstances are grave, it orders cessation of business for rectification or cancels approval.

Article 27: Where Internet publishing organs publish or transmit content prohibited by Article 17 or Article 18 of these Regulations, the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department or the General Administration of Press and Publications confiscates the unlawful income, where the unlawful business value is 10.000 Yuan or more, it also imposes a fine of five times or more but less than ten times the unlawful business volume; where the unlawful business volume is less than 10.000 Yuan, a fine of 10.000 Yuan or more but less than 50.000 Yuan is imposed as well; where circumstances are grave, it orders cessation of business for rectification or cancels approval.

Article 28: Where Article 22 of these Regulations is violated, the administrative press and publications department telecommunications management organ orders rectification; where circumstances are grave, it orders cessation of business for rectification or temporarily closes the website.

Chapter V: Supplementary provisions

Article 29: Those already engaging in Internet publishing activities according to relevant State regulations before these Regulations take effect, shall conduct examination and approval procedures according to the provisions of Article 8 and Article 9 of these Regulations within sixty days of these Regulations taking effect.

Article 30: These Regulations take effect on 1 August 2002.

中国新闻出版总署、中国信息产业部令(第17号)

《互联网出版管理暂行规定》已经2001年12月24日新闻出版总署第20次署务会和2002年6月27日信息产业部第10次部务会审议通过,现予公布,自2002年8月1日起施行。

新闻出版总署署长 石宗源

信息产业部部长 吴基传

二○○二年六月二十七日

互联网出版管理暂行规定

第一章总则

第一条为了加强对互联网出版活动的管理,保障互联网出版机构的合法权益,促进我国互联网出版事业健康、有序地发展,根据《出版管理条例》和《互联网信息服务管理办法》,制定本规定。

第二条从事互联网出版活动应当遵守宪法和有关法律、法规,坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务的方向,传播和积累一切有益于提高民族素质、推动经济发展、促进社会进步的思想道德、科学技术和文化知识,丰富人民的精神生活。

第三条在中华人民共和国境内从事互联网出版活动,适用本规定。

第四条新闻出版总署负责监督管理全国互联网出版工作,其主要职责是:

(一)制定全国互联网出版规划,并组织实施;(二)制定互联网出版管理的方针、政策和规章;(三)制定全国互联网出版机构总量、结构和布局的规划,并组织实施;(四)对互联网出版机构实行前置审批;(五)依据有关法律、法规和规章,对互联网出版内容实施监管,对违反国家出版法规的行为实施处罚。

省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门负责本行政区域内互联网出版的日常管理工作,对本行政区域内申请从事互联网出版业务者进行审核,对本行政区域内违反国家出版法规的行为实施处罚。

第五条本规定所称互联网出版,是指互联网信息服务提供者将自己创作或他人创作的作品经过选择和编辑加工,登载在互联网上或者通过互联网发送到用户端,供公众浏览、阅读、使用或者下载的在线传播行为。其作品主要包括:

(一)已正式出版的图书、报纸、期刊、音像制品、电子出版物等出版物内容或者在其他媒体上公开发表的作品;(二)经过编辑加工的文学、艺术和自然科学、社会科学、工程技术等方面的作品。

本规定所称互联网出版机构,是指经新闻出版行政部门和电信管理机构批准,从事互联网出版业务的互联网信息服务提供者。

第二章行政审批与监督管理

第六条从事互联网出版活动,必须经过批准。未经批准,任何单位或个人不得开展互联网出版活动。

互联网出版机构依法从事互联网出版活动,任何组织和个人不得干扰、阻止和破坏。

第七条从事互联网出版业务,除符合《互联网信息服务管理办法》规定的条件以外,还应当具备以下条件:

(一)有确定的出版范围;(二)有符合法律、法规规定的章程;(三)有必要的编辑出版机构和专业人员;(四)有适应出版业务需要的资金、设备和场所。

第八条申请从事互联网出版业务,应当由主办者向所在地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门提出申请,经省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门审核同意后,报新闻出版总署审批。

第九条申请从事互联网出版业务,应提交以下材料:

(一)新闻出版总署统一制发的《互联网出版业务申请表》;(二)机构章程;(三)资金来源、数额及其信用证明;(四)主要负责人或者法定代表人及主要编辑、技术人员的专业职称证明和身份证明;(五)工作场所使用证明。

第十条新闻出版行政部门应当自受理申请之日起60日内,做出批准或者不批准的决定,并由所在地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门书面通知主办者;不批准的,应当说明理由。

第十一条互联网出版业务经批准后,主办者应当持新闻出版行政部门的批准文件到省、自治区、直辖市电信管理机构办理相关手续。

第三章互联网出版机构的权利和义务

第十二条互联网出版机构,应当在其网站主页上标明新闻出版行政部门批准文号。

第十三条互联网出版机构改变名称、主办者,合并或者分立,应当依据本规定第八条、第九条的规定办理变更手续,并应持新闻出版行政部门的批准文件到省、自治区、直辖市电信管理机构办理相应的手续。

第十四条互联网出版机构终止互联网出版业务,主办者应当自终止互联网出版业务之日起30日内到所在地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门办理注销手续,并报新闻出版总署备案。同时,到相关省、自治区、直辖市电信管理机构办理互联网信息服务业务经营许可证的变更或注销手续。

第十五条互联网出版机构自登记之日起满180日未开展互联网出版活动的,由原登记的新闻出版行政部门注销登记,并向新闻出版总署备案。同时,向相关省、自治区、直辖市电信管理机构通报。

第十六条互联网出版机构出版涉及国家安全、社会安定等方面的重大选题,应当依照重大选题备案的规定,报新闻出版总署备案。未经备案的重大选题,不得出版。

第十七条互联网出版不得载有以下内容:

(一)反对宪法确定的基本原则的;(二)危害国家统一、主权和领土完整的;(三)泄露国家秘密、危害国家安全或者损害国家荣誉和利益的;(四)煽动民族仇恨、民族歧视,破坏民族团结,或者侵害民族风俗、习惯的;(五)宣扬邪教、迷信的;(六)散布谣言,扰乱社会秩序,破坏社会稳定的;(七)宣扬淫秽、赌博、暴力或者教唆犯罪的;(八)侮辱或者诽谤他人,侵害他人合法权益的;(九)危害社会公德或者民族优秀文化传统的;(十)有法律、行政法规和国家规定禁止的其他内容的。

第十八条以未成年人为对象的互联网出版内容不得含有诱发未成年人模仿违反社会公德的行为和违法犯罪的行为的内容,以及恐怖、残酷等妨害未成年人身心健康的内容。

第十九条互联网出版的内容不真实或不公正,致使公民、法人或者其他组织合法利益受到侵害的,互联网出版机构应当公开更正,消除影响,并依法承担民事责任。

第二十条互联网出版机构发现所登载或者发送的作品含有本规定第十七条、第十八条所列内容之一的,应当立即停止登载或者发送,保存有关记录,并向所在地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门报告并同时抄报新闻出版总署。

第二十一条互联网出版机构应当实行编辑责任制度,必须有专门的编辑人员对出版内容进行审查,保障互联网出版内容的合法性。互联网出版机构的编辑人员应当接受上岗前的培训。

第二十二条互联网出版机构应当记录备份所登载或者发送的作品内容及其时间、互联网地址或者域名,记录备份应当保存60日,并在国家有关部门依法查询时,予以提供。

第二十三条从事互联网出版活动,应当遵守国家有关著作权的法律、法规,应当标明与所登载或者发送作品相关的著作权记录。

第四章罚则

第二十四条未经批准,擅自从事互联网出版活动的,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门或者新闻出版总署予以取缔,没收从事非法出版活动的主要设备、专用工具及违法所得,违法经营额1万元以上的,并处违法经营额5倍以上10倍以下罚款;违法经营额不足1万元的,并处1万元以上5万元以下罚款。

第二十五条违反本规定第十二条的,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门或者新闻出版总署予以警告,并处5000元以上5万元以下罚款。

第二十六条违反本规定第十六条的,责令停止登载或者发送未经备案的重大选题作品,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门或者新闻出版总署予以警告,并处1万元以上5万元以下罚款;情节严重的,责令限期停业整顿或者撤销批准。

第二十七条互联网出版机构登载或者发送本规定第十七条、第十八条禁止内容的,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门或者新闻出版总署没收违法所得,违法经营额1万元以上的,并处违法经营额5倍以上10倍以下罚款;违法经营额不足1万元的,并处1万元以上5万元以下罚款;情节严重的,责令限期停业整顿或者撤销批准。

第二十八条违反本规定第二十二条的,由省、自治区、直辖市电信管理机构责令改正;情节严重的,责令停业整顿或者暂时关闭网站。

第五章附则

第二十九条本规定施行前按照国家有关规定已经从事互联网出版活动的,应当自本规定施行之日起60日内依据本规定第八条、第九条的规定办理审批手续。

第三十条本规定自2002年8月1日起施行。

One thought on “Provisional Internet Publishing Management Regulations

    Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    January 4, 2014 at 10:02 am

    […] Provisional Internet Publishing Management Regulations (GAPP, MII, 2002) […]

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