CCP Central Committee Opinion concerning Further Letting Philosophy and Social Sciences Flourish and Develop
ZF No. 3
In the historical process of completely constructing a relatively well-off society, initiating a new dimension in the cause of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and realizing the grand rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, philosophy and social science has an irreplaceable function. The understanding of the importance of philosophy and social science must be further raised, to forcefully let philosophy and social science flourish. To this end, the following opinions are put forward.
I, Letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop is an important task to construct Socialism with Chinese characteristics
(1) Letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop concerns the entire picture of the development of the Party and State cause. Philosophy and social science are important tools for people to understand the work and transform the world, and are important forces in driving historical development and social progress. Philosophy and social science research capacity and achievements are important component parts in comprehensive national strength. Establishing Socialism with Chinese characteristics cannot be separated from flourishing and developing philosophy and social science with Marxism as guidance. Implementing the strategy of rejuvenating the country by science and education includes the two aspects of letting the natural sciences and the social sciences flourish and develop. In the process of reform and opening up, and the Socialist modernization construction, philosophy and social science are equally important as the natural sciences, fostering high-level philosophy and social science is equally important as fostering high-level natural sciences, raising the entire nation’s philosophy and social science quality is equally important as raising the entire nation’s natural science quality, employing good philosophy and social science talents and fully giving rein to their function is equally important as employing good natural sciences talents and giving full rein to their function. For Socialist modernization, there should be developed natural sciences, and there should be flourishing philosophy and social science.
(2) Hitherto, our Party has given high regard to philosophy and social science. Under the Party’s leadership, philosophy and social science work has given rein to an extremely important function in the Chinese revolution, construction, reform and opening up. During the new democratic revolution and Socialist construction periods, philosophy and social science made important contributions to disseminating Marxism and realizing the Sinicization or Marxism, obtaining victory in the new democratic revolution and achievements in Socialist construction. Since the 3rd Plenum of the 11th Party Congress, philosophy and social science has made important contributions to the reestablishment of the Party’s ideological line and the rich development of guiding ideology, to using Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought to arm the entire Party, educate the cadres and the people, to deepening the understanding of the Communist Party’s governing rules, Socialist construction rules and humankind’s social development rules, to promoting reform and opening up and stimulating the coordinated development of a Socialist material civilization, political civilization and spiritual civilization, to carrying forward and fostering the spirit of the nation, and guiding the people to establish ideological concepts benefiting the development of the cause of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Since reform and opening up, and especially the 4th Plenum of the 13th Party Congress, our country’s philosophy and social science undertaking has presented a desirable picture of development flourishing. At the same time as strengthening basic research, applied and countermeasure research has been clearly strengthened. At the same time as the continuous development of traditional disciplines, burgeoning disciplines and interdisciplinarity has quickly developed. A scientific structure with relatively complete categories has been progressively shaped, letting a batch of academic leaders rich in innovative spirits emerge, and pushing out a batch of excellent achievement engendering broad influence.
(3) In the new development phase of completely constructing a relatively well-off society and accelerating moving Socialist modernization forward, philosophy and social science work is facing new issues of the times, and bear a new historic task. Firmly establishing the guiding position of the important “three represents” thought, and consolidating the common ideological basis for united struggle of the entire Party and entire people, urgently requires deep research and elaboration of the background of the times, the basis in practice, the scientific connotation, the spiritual essence and the historical position of this important thought; realizing the historical task in a new century and a new phase, urgently requires deep research and answering of major theoretical and factual questions, and incessantly moving theoretical innovation forward; satisfying the popular masses’ daily increasing cultural requirements urgently requires the provisions of even more and even better spiritual products; facing all sorts of ideological and cultural agitation at the global level, urgently requires the consultation of the guiding position of Marxism in the ideological sphere, and forcefully carrying forward and fostering the spirit of the nation. All of this requires us to further let philosophy and social science flourish and develop.
(4) Compared with the requirements of the times and development of the cause, philosophy and social science development is still not adapted in many ways. The important strategic position of philosophy and social science has not yet received widespread attention, basic philosophy and social science theory research, and especially theoretical research and disciplinary construction reflecting the newest achievements of contemporary Marxism urgently await strengthening, philosophy and social science management systems need further reform, the environment for innovation needs to be further perfected, achievement transformation mechanisms need to be further completed, funding input needs to be further expanded, theoretical team construction and especially middle-age and young theoretical talent fostering is correspondingly lagging. Because of this, it is absolutely necessary to strengthen a sense of responsibility and a sense of mission from the heights of developing the Party and State cause, and make philosophy and social science development and flourishing into a major and urgent strategic task, realistically grasp it closely and well, strive to promote our country’s philosophy and social science undertakings to gain new and even larger development.
II, Guiding policies for letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop
(5) Letting the philosophy and social science flourish and develop must persist in the guiding position of Marxism. Marxism has revealed the historical development rules of humankind and society, and is a strong theoretical weapon in our understanding of the world and transformation of the world. Persisting in taking Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought as guidance, is the basic guarantee for our country’s philosophy and social science to follow the correct development orientation. It is necessary to use Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought to command philosophy and social science work, and be good at integrating the basic tenets of Marxism with the concrete reality of China, and let the standpoint, point of view and methods of Marxism penetrate into philosophy and social science work, using developing Marxism to guide philosophy and social science. The guiding ideology may absolutely not be pluralized.
(6) Persisting in the orientation of serving the people and serving Socialism and the principle of letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend. To let philosophy and social science flourish and develop, we must closely revolve around the larger picture of the entire Party and entire country’s work, persist in taking economic construction at the centre, persist in the Four Cardinal Principles, persist in reform and opening up, stimulate the coordinated development of Socialist material civilization, political civilization and spiritual civilization and the complete development of people, providing ideological guarantees, spiritual drivers and knowledge support to completely constructing a relatively well-society and initiating a new picture of the Socialist cause with Chinese characteristics. It is necessary to strive to create an academic environment that is vivid and vigorous, seeks the truth and is pragmatic, advocate different academic points of view, academic schools’ contending and learning through discussion, advocate criticism and counter-criticism to fully reason matters out. Encouraging bold exploration, incessantly understanding the truth and developing the truth in practice.
(7) Persisting in liberating thoughts, seeking truth from facts and proceeding in step with the times, vigorously moving theoretical innovation forward. Persisting in theory relating to reality, letting everything start from reality, and taking practice as the sole criterion to test truth. With the true questions of our country’s reform and opening up, and modernization construction, with the matters that we are currently doing as centre, fixing eyes upon the utilization of Marxist theory, fixing eyes upon the theoretical reflection of real problems, fixing eyes upon new practices and new developments. It is necessary to consciously liberate ideological understanding from the fetters of those concepts, methods and systems that are not adapted to the times, liberate them from Marxism’s erroneous and dogmatic understandings, and liberate them from the shackles of subjectivism and metaphysics. Sticking close to life, sticking close to reality and sticking close to the masses, standing upon the current era re-inheriting the excellent traditional culture of the nation, standing upon this country’s full re-attraction of excellent global cultural achievements, correctly grasping the development trends of today’s world, deeply understanding the rules of modern China’s economic and social development, striving to construct philosophy and social science theory innovation systems, vigorously promoting academic viewpoint innovation, academic system innovation and scientific research method innovation.
III, The objectives of letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop
(8) The general objectives of letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop are, striving to construct philosophy and social science facing modernization, facing the world, facing the future and having Chinese characteristics. Striving to shape a teaching material system completely reflecting Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought using about 10 years of time, shaping a study group system with the characteristics of the times, rational structures and complete categories, shaping talent fostering, selection and management mechanisms in which talents are put to full use, and there is no lack of talented persons, fully giving rein to the important function of our country’ philosophy and social science’ understanding of the world, inheriting of civilization, innovation of theory, advising politics and educating the people and serving society.
(9) Strengthening the construction of traditional disciplines, burgeoning disciplines and interdisciplinarity in philosophy and social science. Discipline construction is the basis for letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop. It is necessary to strengthen traditional discipline construction, according to the principles of consolidations, adjustment and development, making traditional disciplines strengthen in vitality, and develop in step with the times. It is necessary to vigorously support burgeoning disciplines and interdisciplinarity, making them become growth points for philosophy and social science, and drive philosophy and social science renewal and development. It is necessary to move the interaction and osmosis philosophy and social science and natural sciences forward, moving the interaction and osmosis between different disciplines in philosophy and social science forward.
(10) Strengthening philosophy and social science basic research and applied countermeasure research. It is necessary to integrate basic research and applied countermeasure research, stimulating basic research with applied countermeasure research and driving applied countermeasure research with basic research. It is necessary to focus on supporting research programmes relating to the overall picture of philosophy and social science development, support research programmes having a key function in disciplinary innovation, supporting research programmes having an important function in carrying forward the spirit of the nation and inheriting the culture of the nation, and supporting research programmes having an important influence on economic and social development and national security. It is necessary to fully utilize advanced methods such as information technology, etc., to improve research methods and raise research levels. It is necessary to strengthen the arrangement and research work of philosophy and social science texts and materials.
(11) Strengthening philosophy and social science propaganda and popularization. Grasping the essential knowledge of philosophy and social science, and especially Marxism’s dialectical materialism and historical materialism, is extremely important for people’s correct understanding of numerous and complex social phenomena, and raising moral quality, It is necessary to fully give rein to the functions of newspapers, books, radio and television, the Internet and other mass media in vigorously propagating the excellent achievements of philosophy and social science, expand social influence of excellent achievements, and promote that excellent achievements are even more and even more timely applied in reality. It is necessary to strengthen philosophy and social science knowledge popularization and education adapted to the requirements of establishing a study type society and stimulating overall development, expand the proportion of humanities and social science knowledge in the national education, and incessantly raise the philosophy and social science quality of the entire nation.
(12) Strengthening philosophy and social science macro-level management and micro-level operation mechanism construction. It is necessary to establish and complete philosophy and social science management systems with unified Party Committee leadership, and responsibility from all departments according to the division of labour. Forming guiding mechanisms that are both able to grasp the correct orientation, and benefit arousing the philosophy and social science development vitality; and forming control mechanisms that both are able to effectively integrate resources and are able to fully give rein to the vigour of all sides. It is necessary to the internal reform of all philosophy and social science work units; transform management methods and strengthen vitality, expand strength shape operational mechanisms with strong innovation capacity and self-development capacity. It is necessary to give high regard to legislation work in the philosophy and social science sphere.
(13) Strengthening opening-up to the outside world of philosophy and social science work. It is necessary to expand international exchange in the philosophy and social science sphere, and pay attention to attract excellent achievements, research methods and management experiences of philosophy and social science. Pushing our country’s excellent philosophy and social science achievement towards the world is an important component of philosophy and social science opening-up to the outside world. It is necessary to forcefully implement philosophy and social science “marching out” strategies, adopt all sorts of effective methods to expand our country’s philosophy and social science’ influence in the world. It is necessary to translate and introduce a batch of our country’s excellent philosophy and social science achievements; and stress the selection of middle age and young experts and scholars with good political and ideological qualities and certain academic achievements to go abroad on exchange. In the process of expanding foreign exchange in philosophy and social science, it is necessary to stress prevention against an image of mechanistical copying, or indiscriminately adopting foreign matters, and determinedly resist corrosion of reactionary and degenerate ideology and culture.
IV, Implementing Marxist theory research and construction projects
(14) Strengthening Marxist basic principle research is an extremely important work in letting philosophy and social science flourish and develop. It is necessary to deeply research the history of Marxist development, deeply research the basic tenets of Marxism, deeply research Marxist positions, viewpoints and methods, and deeply research the character of Marxist theory in moving ahead with the times, do away with dogmatic understanding of Marxism, and clear up erroneous viewpoints that have been attached to the name of Marxism. Based on new practices, it is necessary to strengthen translation, editing and research work of the classic works of Marx, Engels and Lenin, and correctly elaborate the basic viewpoints of these classical works. Guiding the people to use a scientific attitude in treating Marxism, and use developing Marxism to guide new practice.
(15) Strengthening research on Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought is critical for our country’s philosophy and social science flourishing and development. It is necessary to deeply research the historical process of Marxism’s Sinicization and the achievements of the three large theories of Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought, deeply research the succession and development of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Tree Represents” thought in relation to Marxism-Leninism and Mao Zedong thought, deeply research new ideologies, new viewpoints and new judgements put forward by Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought on questions of what is Socialism, how to construct Socialism, what kind of Party to build, and how to build the Party. It is necessary to strengthen Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought research base construction, research and answer major theoretical and practical questions that cadres and the masses are worried about, promoting the deep development of work in promoting theoretical weapons.
(16) Organizing the editing of complete textbooks in philosophy, social science, scientific socialism as well as disciplines such as political science, sociology, law, history, journalism and literature, etc. that completely reflect Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought, further promoting Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought to enter classrooms, enter lecture halls, and enter the minds of students. It is necessary to further improve the teaching work of Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought, strengthen the influence and attraction of Marxist theory courses. It is necessary to grasp Marxist theory teaching team construction, and strive to foster a batch of middle-aged and young Marxist theory teaching backbones.
V, Vigorously moving philosophy and social science management system reform forward
(17) Deepening philosophy and social science research structural reform. It is necessary to integrate research forces, and optimize philosophy and social science resource allocation. State-level social science research organs and focus higher education institutes mainly undertake main basic theory research, and research on strategic and perspicacious problems and major practical problems relating to the entire picture of developing the Party and State cause, and strive to shape the superiority and the characteristics of each. Local social science research organs shall mainly revolve around research on applied countermeasures based on the reality of social and economic development in their regions, those meeting conditions may launch basic theoretical research with local characteristics and regional superiority. It is necessary to progressively implement topical research tendering systems, and shape research mechanisms with programmes as links and with persons responsible for topics as leaders.
(18) Deepening philosophy and social science education reform. it is necessary to take raising educational quality and classroom effect as focus point, and reform education content and education methods. It is necessary to promote the broad application of multimedia in education, and move education method modernization forward. It is necessary to lead to competitive mechanisms, move employment systems forward, and attract experts and scholars with high academic achievements and good classroom effects into the first line of education. It is necessary to strengthen planning and examination work of philosophy and social science teaching materials, and focus textbooks must be uniformly organized and edited.
(19) Deepening philosophy and social science planning structural reform. The nationwide philosophy and social science leading small group must strengthen planning work over philosophy and social science, formulate State philosophy and social science five-year research plans and annual programme plans. It is necessary to according to the principles of fairness, transparency and competition, reform the State social science research fund programme appraisal system, focus on supporting major basic research programmes and major practical problem research programmes, and strive to roll out philosophy and social science research achievements representing national levels.
(20) Establishing and perfecting philosophy and social science appraisal and incentive mechanisms. Appraising philosophy and social science must stress originality, stress practical value, promote theoretical innovation, and promote the integration of theory and practice. It is necessary to perfect philosophy and social science achievement reward systems, integrate rewarding with fully mustering the vigour, initiative and creativity of philosophy and social science workers, and with encouraging more research achievements coming out, and more excellent talents coming out, and with stimulating theoretical achievements being used more fully in Party and government policies, and used in economic and social development. Rewarding individuals and major scientific achievements making prominent contributions in the area of philosophy and social science. Protecting philosophy and social science intellectual property rights according to the law.
VI, Forging a line of high-level philosophy and social science teams
(21) The unprecedented task of constructing Socialism with Chinese characteristics requires that a line of grand philosophy and social science teams must be constructed. It is necessary to respect labour, respect knowledge, respect talents and respect creation, and give high regard to the fostering and use of philosophy and social science talents. It is necessary to according to the requirements of strong politics, excellent professional level and a correct work style, create a batch of ideologists and theorists armed with Marxism, with a footing in China, facing the world, and knowledgeable about China and the West, forge a batch of academic leaders with strong basic theory training, that dare to blaze new trails and innovate, and forge a batch of young theoretical backbones that are in their prime, with an excellent political and professional quality, who are eager and enterprising.
(22) Perfecting philosophy and social science talent training, selection and management mechanisms. Closely grasping the three segments of fostering talent, attracting talent and using talent well, shaping desirable mechanisms for excellent talents to come to the fore, and talents to be put to full use. Expanding personnel system reform strength, establishing personnel allocation mechanisms that can both reflect the characteristics of philosophy and social science, and can give rein to the openness and flexibility of market functioning, encouraging the reasonable mobility of talents. It is necessary to promote appointment systems, reform professional title systems, perfect professional title evaluation systems, and achieving competence to work at the top and the grass roots, and competence to work internally and externally. It is necessary to perfect allocation systems, respect achievement and respect contributions.
(23) Strengthening philosophy and social science team ideology, morality and study style construction. Philosophy and social science research is a sort of complex and creative spiritual work, and the entire society must respect philosophy and social science workers. Philosophy and social science workers must establish a correct world view, view of life and value system, and persist in a study style of rigorous research, seeking truth from facts and seeking realistic results in democracy. They must deeply go into reality, and deeply go into the masses, have a footing in China, open eyes to the whole world, strive to abstract research themes from the popular masses’ broad and rich practice, derive ideological nutrients, put forward genuine knowledge, and create excellent academic products. They must strengthen a sense of social responsibility strengthen academic morality and self-cultivation, advocate consistency in their being a person, doing things and engaging in study, persist in resisting all sorts of unhealthy tendencies, and consciously safeguard the good image of philosophy and social science workers.
VII, Strengthening the Party’s leadership over philosophy and social science work
(24) In order to start a new dimension in the flourishing and development of the cause of philosophy and social science, the Party’s leadership over philosophy and social science work must be strengthened. Party Committees and governments must give high regard to philosophy and social science work, and completely implement the Centre’s corresponding principles and policies. They must strive to grasp the development rules of philosophy and social science, improve leadership methods, raise leadership levels, and create a desirable environment for the flourishing and development of philosophy and social science. It is necessary to persist in the principle of the Party managing cadres and the Party managing talent, strengthen the construction of leadership teams in philosophy and social science work units, and select those persons that are loyal to Marxism, persist in marching the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and are well acquainted with philosophy and social science work to be selected for leadership positions.
(25) Party Committees and governments must regularly put forward a batch of major questions needing research to the philosophy and social science world, an pay attention to apply the excellent achievements of philosophy and social science in all policy decision, and apply them in resolving prominent problems of reform, development and stability, making the philosophy and social science world become the “think tank” and “brain trust” for Party and government work. It is necessary to strengthen input into philosophy and social science undertakings, guaranteeing that philosophy and social science undertakings’ expenses and State social science research funding is increased annually.
(26) It is necessary to correctly deal with problems in the ideological and theoretical sphere. Paying attention to the demarcation between academic questions and political questions. Do not make problems emerging in academic exploration into political problems, and also do not make political tendentious problems into common academic problems. There are no taboos in research and discussion of academic problems, theoretical propaganda and education must be disciplined. As for problems of political orientation and basic principles, one’s colours must be shown clearly. It is necessary to give high regard to strengthen management over philosophy and social science propaganda battlefields and philosophy and social science conferences, public report meetings and lectures. Further standardizing the attraction of foreign philosophy and social science works. Strengthening guidance and management over all categories of philosophy and social science societies and research associations, strengthening management over privately-run social science research organs, strengthening guidance and management over philosophy and social science websites and discussion fora on the Internet, making them develop healthily.
(27) Party Committees and governments must closely link up with philosophy and social science workers, completely implement the Party policies on intellectuals, integrate all uniteable forces, fully give rein to the vigour, initiative and creativity of the broad philosophy and social science workers, and guide them to completely persist in the correct political orientation. It is necessary to broadly make friends with philosophy and social science workers, strengthen understanding and enhance feelings, establish a service mentality, and be concerned about their study, work and life, and to solve real problems for them, and solve them well.