Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information

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The “Supreme People’s Court and Supreme People’s Procuratorate Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information” has been passed on the 1323rd meeting of the Supreme People’s Court Trial Committee Meeting on 1 September 2004, by the 26th meeting of the 10th Procuratorate Committee of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, is hereby promulgated, and takes effect on 6 September 2004

(FS No. (2004)11)

3 September 2004

In order to strictly punish criminal activities of using the Internet and mobile communications terminals to produce, reproduce, publish, peddle and disseminate obscene electronic information, using voicemail platforms to disseminate obscene audio information, etc., safeguard the regular order of public networks and telecommunications, guarantee the lawful rights and interests of the public, on the basis of the provisions of the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” and the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Safeguarding Internet Security”, hereby, some questions on concretely applicable law in handling this sort of criminal cases is notified as follows:

Article 1: Those using the Internet or mobile telecommunications terminals to produce, reproduce, peddle, publish or disseminate obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, where one of the following circumstances is present, are convicted and punished for the crime of producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, according to the provisions of Article 363 of the Criminal Law:

(1) producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating 20 or more obscene films, performances, cartoons and other audiovisual files;

(2) producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating 100 or more obscene audio files;

(3) producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating more than 200 obscene electronic publications, images, articles, short messages, etc.;

(4) producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information, that is clicked 10.000 times or more in reality;

(5) publishing, peddling or distributing obscene electronic information using a membership method, and having 200 registered members or more;

(6) using obscene electronic information to collect advertising fees, member registration fees or other fees, and the unlawful income is 10.000 Yuan or more;

(7) where quantities or values do not reach the standards provided in Clause (1) to Clause (6), but respectively reach half or more of two or more standards;

(8) where grave consequences result.

Those using chat rooms, fora, instant messaging systems, e-mail boxes and other methods to conduct the acts provided in Paragraph 1, are punished for the crime of producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, according to the provisions of Article 363 of the Criminal Law.

Article 2: Where the quantities of values of the acts provided in Article 1, reach five times the standards provided in Article 1, Paragraph 1, Clauses (1) to (6), or more, it shall be established as “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law; where they reach 25 times the standards or more, it shall be established as “especially grave circumstances.”

Article 3: Those using Internet or mobile telecommunications terminals to disseminate obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, where one of the following circumstances is present, are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods according to the provisions of Article 364, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) quantities reaching double or more the standards provided in Article 1, Paragraph 1, Clauses (1) to (5);

(2) quantities respectively reaching two or more of the standards provided  in Article 1, Paragraph 1, Clauses (1) to (5);

(3) where grave consequences result.

Those using chat rooms, forums, instant messaging software, e-mail boxes and other methods to carry out one of the acts provided in Paragraph 1, is convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods, according to the provisions of Article 364, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law.

Article 4: For those clearly knowing about obscene electronic information and providing direct links to websites or webpages they own, manage or use themselves, quantitative standards are calculated on the basis of the obscene electronic information to which links are made.

Article 5: In case of disseminating obscene voice information through voicemail platforms, with the aim of profit, where one of the following circumstances is present, the directly responsible controlling personnel and other directly responsible personnel are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods with the aim of profit, according to the provisions of Article 363, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) disseminating to 100 people or more;

(2) unlawful income higher than 10.000 Yuan;

(3) creating grave consequences.

Where the quantities of values of the acts provided in the above paragraph, reach five times the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (2) of the above paragraph, or more, it shall be established as “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law; where they reach 25 times the standards or more, it shall be established as “especially grave circumstances.”

Article 6: Those carrying out the crimes provided in the previous five Articles of this Interpretation, where one of the following conditions, are punished severely according to the provisions of Article 363, Paragraph 1 or Article 364, Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information concretely depicting sexual acts by minors who have not reached 18 years of age;

(2) clearly knowing about obscene electronic information concretely depicting sexual acts by minors who have not reached 18 years of age and providing direct links on websites or webpages owned, managed or used by oneself;

(3) peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information and voice information to minors not having reached 18 years of age;

(4) forcing users to access or download obscene electronic information through destructive software or malicious code, changing users’ computer installations and other methods.

Article 7: In cases of clearly knowing about other persons committing crimes of producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information, and providing Internet access, server entrustment, network storage space, communication and transmission channels, or expense settlement assistance, the directly responsible controlling personnel and other directly responsible personnel are punished as criminal accomplices.

Article 8: Cases of using the Internet, mobile telecommunications terminals or voicemail platforms to peddle or disseminate obscene books, periodicals, films, videotapes audiotapes and other obscene goods having material objects as carriers, are to be convicted and punished according to the relevant provisions of the “Supreme Peoples Court Interpretation concerning Some Questions of Concretely Applicable Law in Adjusting Criminal Cases on Illegal Publications”.

Article 9: “Other obscene goods” as provided in Article 367 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law, includes audiovisual files, audio files, electronic periodicals, images, articles, short messages and other Internet and mobile telecommunications terminal electronic information and voicemail information concretely describing sexual acts or undisguised propagation of sexual degeneracy.

Electronic information and voicemail platform information related to human physiological and medical knowledge is not an obscene good. Electronic literature or art works containing sexual content and having artistic value are not considered to be obscene goods.

最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释

(2004年9月1日最高人民法院审判委员会第1323次会议、2004年9月2日最高人民检察院第十届检察委员会第26次会议通过) (法释〔2004〕11号)
中华人民共和国最高人民法院公告
《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》已于2004年9月1日由最高人民法院审判委员会第1323次会议、2004年9月2日由最高人民检察院第十届检察委员会第26次会议通过,现予公布,自2004年9月6日起施行。
二○○四年九月三日
为依法惩治利用互联网、移动通讯终端制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息、通过声讯台传播淫秽语音信息等犯罪活动,维护公共网络、通讯的正常秩序,保障公众的合法权益,根据《中华人民共和国刑法》、《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于维护互联网安全的决定》的规定,现对办理该类刑事案件具体应用法律的若干问题解释如下:
第一条以牟利为目的,利用互联网、移动通讯终端制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚:
(一)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电影、表演、动画等视频文件二十个以上的;
(二)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽音频文件一百个以上的;
(三)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子刊物、图片、文章、短信息等二百件以上的;
(四)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播的淫秽电子信息,实际被点击数达到一万次以上的;
(五)以会员制方式出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息,注册会员达二百人以上的;
(六)利用淫秽电子信息收取广告费、会员注册费或者其他费用,违法所得一万元以上的;
(七)数量或者数额虽未达到第(一)项至第(六)项规定标准,但分别达到其中两项以上标准一半以上的;
(八)造成严重后果的。
利用聊天室、论坛、即时通信软件、电子邮件等方式,实施第一款规定行为的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚。
第二条实施第一条规定的行为,数量或者数额达到第一条第一款第(一)项至第(六)项规定标准五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。
第三条不以牟利为目的,利用互联网或者移动通讯终端传播淫秽电子信息,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十四条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品罪定罪处罚:
(一)数量达到第一条第一款第(一)项至第(五)项规定标准二倍以上的;
(二)数量分别达到第一条第一款第(一)项至第(五)项两项以上标准的;
(三)造成严重后果的。
利用聊天室、论坛、即时通信软件、电子邮件等方式,实施第一款规定行为的,依照刑法第三百六十四条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品罪定罪处罚。
第四条明知是淫秽电子信息而在自己所有、管理或者使用的网站或者网页上提供直接链接的,其数量标准根据所链接的淫秽电子信息的种类计算。
第五条以牟利为目的,通过声讯台传播淫秽语音信息,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员以传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚:
(一)向一百人次以上传播的;
(二)违法所得一万元以上的;
(三)造成严重后果的。
实施前款规定行为,数量或者数额达到前款第(一)项至第(二)项规定标准五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。
第六条实施本解释前五条规定的犯罪,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款、第三百六十四条第一款的规定从重处罚:
(一)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播具体描绘不满十八周岁未成年人性行为的淫秽电子信息的;
(二)明知是具体描绘不满十八周岁的未成年人性行为的淫秽电子信息而在自己所有、管理或者使用的网站或者网页上提供直接链接的;
(三)向不满十八周岁的未成年人贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息和语音信息的;
(四)通过使用破坏性程序、恶意代码修改用户计算机设置等方法,强制用户访问、下载淫秽电子信息的。
第七条明知他人实施制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息犯罪,为其提供互联网接入、服务器托管、网络存储空间、通讯传输通道、费用结算等帮助的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,以共同犯罪论处。
第八条利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台贩卖、传播淫秽书刊、影片、录像带、录音带等以实物为载体的淫秽物品的,依照《最高人民法院关于审理非法出版物刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》的有关规定定罪处罚。
第九条刑法第三百六十七条第一款规定的“其他淫秽物品”,包括具体描绘性行为或者露骨宣扬色情的诲淫性的视频文件、音频文件、电子刊物、图片、文章、短信息等互联网、移动通讯终端电子信息和声讯台语音信息。
有关人体生理、医学知识的电子信息和声讯台语音信息不是淫秽物品。包含色情内容的有艺术价值的电子文学、艺术作品不视为淫秽物品。
中国法院网 2004年9月9日

 

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