News Journalist Credential Management Rules

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People’s Republic of China General Administration of Press and Publications Decree

No. 28

The “News Journalist Credential Management Rules” have been passed on the 4th Administration meeting of the General Administration of Press and Publications on 9 December 2004, are hereby promulgated, and take effect on 1 March 2005.

General Administration of Press and Publications, Director: Shi Zongyuan

10 January 2005

Chapter I: General Principles

Article 1: In order to standardize news journalist credential issuance, application and management, guarantee the regular newsgathering activities of news journalists, safeguard the lawful rights and interests of new reporters and the social public, according to the “State Council Decision on the Administrative Examination and Approval Programmes and Established Administrative Permits that Truly Need to Be Preserved”, these Rules are formulated.

Article 2: News organs nationwide use a uniform reporter credential, the credential’s name shall be news reporter credential.

News reporter credentials are effective work identification documents used for newsgathering and editing personnel of our country’s news organs who engage in newsgathering activities, and are printed and produced uniformly, approved and issued by the General Administration of Press and Publications.

Article 3: News reporter credentials are numbered uniformly by the General Administration of Press and Publications, and only have effect when stamped with the stamp of the General Administration of Press and Publications, the Special Stamp for News Reporter Credential Approval and Issuance, the Special Stamp for Annual News Journalist Examination and Approval, and the embossed stamp of the news organ concerned,

Any other work unit or individual may not produce or copy news reporter credentials, and may not produce or issue other official documents for special newsgathering use.

Article 4: News organs as named in these Rules, refers to newspaper and news-type periodical publishing work units having obtained publishing approval from the relevant administrative State departments as well as work units having newsgathering business such as news agencies, radio stations, television stations, news film production studios, etc. Of those, newspaper and news-type periodical publishing work units are accredited by the General Administration of Press and Publications; radio and television news organ accreditation has relevant approval documents of the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television as basis.

Chapter II: Examination, verification and issuance

Article 5: The General Administration of Press and Publications is responsible for approval and issue work of news reporter credentials nationwide.

Article 6: News organs organized by Central work units, after undergoing controlling authority examination and verification of subordinate news organ newsgathering personnel qualification conditions, apply for and receive news reporter credentials with the General Administration of Press and Publications.

Article 7: News organs organized by provincial and lower-level work units, after undergoing controlling authority examination and verification of subordinate news organ newsgathering personnel qualifications, apply for and receive news credentials with the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department, this will be reported by the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department to the General Administration of Press and Publications for filing.

Article 8: Journalist stations’ newsgathering personnel qualification conditions will be examined and verified by the news organ that established the said journalist stations, agreed to by the controlling department, and approved by the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department where the reporter station is registered, the news organ that established the reporter station will respectively apply for and receive news reporter credentials from the General Administration of Press and Publications or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department.

Article 9: The Liberation Army General Political Department Propaganda Department Press and Publications bureau is responsible for examination, verification and issuance work of news organ reporter credentials in the Liberation Army and the Armed Police (not including Border Guards, Fire Department, Security Troops).

Article 10: Apart from the Liberation Army and Armed Police (not including Border Guards, Fire Department, Security Troops) system, news journalist credential application, examination, verification and issuance work will be conducted uniformly according to the General Administration of Press and Publications “Nationwide News Reporter Credential Management and Examination and Verification Network System”.

Article 11: Personnel in news organs to whom news reporter credentials are issues must have the following conditions:

(1) observing national laws, regulations and news workers’ professional ethics;

(2) having a tertiary education or higher degree and professional qualifications for newsgathering as accredited by relevant State Council departments;

(3) being personnel engaging in newsgathering work in news organ editing, or being personnel engaging in newsgathering work through being officially employed in news organs and having been employed for a period or one year or more in non-editing.

“officially employed in news organs” as named in this item refers to newsgathering personnel having signed an employment contract with the news organ in which they are active.

Article 12: The following personnel will not be issued with news journalist credentials:

(1) Work personnel in news units holding non-editing positions such as Party affairs, administration, logistics, management, advertising, project technology, etc.;

(2) Work personnel outside of news organs, including consultants, special contributors or special correspondents providing contributions to news work units or programmes, and other full-time or part-time personnel gathering news contributions for news organs;

(3) work personnel of higher education institute school newspapers and teaching guidance-type newspapers;

(4) personnel having received criminal punishment.

Chapter III: Use and replacement

Article 13: Newsgathering personnel engaging in newsgathering work must persist in having news reporter credentials, and shall show them on their own initiative to the newsgathering counterpart during newsgathering.

The lawful rights and interests of news reporter credential holders engaging in newsgathering work are protected by law.

Article 14: News reporter credentials may not be used for the following activities:

(1) commercial activities;

(2) non-professional activities;

(3) activities violating laws and regulations;

(4) activities violating professional news ethics.

Article 15: News reporter credentials are limited for use by one person, and may not be lent out or altered.

Article 16: News reporter credentials are renewed once every five years. Concrete rules for news reporter credential change are formulated separately by the General Administration of Press and Publications.

The news reporter credentials of editing newsgathering personnel in news organs are valid for five years. The news reporter credentials of non-editing newsgathering staff officially employed by news organs are valid for the duration of the employment contract.

Article 17: An annual examination system is implemented over news journalist credentials. Annual examination rules for news journalist credentials will be formulated separately by the General Administration of Press and Publications.

News journalist credentials not having undergone annual examination, will be cancelled by the original issuing organ, and may not be continuously used.

Article 18: Where news reporter credential holders leaving a news organ or their newsgathering position, news organs shall timely recall their news reporter credentials, and immediately conduct cancellation formalities with the original issuing organ.

Article 19: Where news reporter credentials cannot be continuously used because of any sort of reason such as damage, destruction, etc., the news organ will go to the original issuing organ with the original credentials and replace them with new credentials, the original news reporter credential number will become invalid at the same time.

Article 20: Where news journalist credentials need to be replaced due to loss, the news organ will, one week after announcing this in appropriate media, go to the original issuing organ and apply for replacement of news journalist credentials, the original news reporter credential number will become invalid at the same time.

Article 21: Where news organs need to replace news reporter credentials because of work needs, it will be conducted according to Chapter II of these Rules.

Article 22: When news organs are cancelled, the news reporter credentials they applied for become invalid at the same time. That news organs’ controlling department is responsible for recalling the invalid news reporter credentials, and hand them over to the issuing organ for cancellation.

Article 23: For newsgathering of major domestic or international events, one-time temporary newsgathering credentials produced by event organizing work units must be used together with news reporter credentials.

Chapter IV: Supervision, management and responsibility

Article 24: The General Administration of Press and Publications and provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications departments are responsible for conducting supervision and management over news organs’ news reporter credential issuance, use and annual examination.

Article 25: News organs’ controlling departments shall implement their management duties concerning application, examination, verification and standardized use of news reporter credentials of news organs subordinate to them, and impose punishment against news organs or newsgathering personnel violating these Rules according to the law, where circumstances are grave, they will apply for cancellation of news reporter credentials with the original issuing organ.

Article 26: News organs hall implement their duties of subordinate news organs’ newsgathering personnel qualification conditions examination and verification, news reporter credential application, issuance, use and management, and conduct supervision and management over news reporter credential holders’ newsgathering activities.

News organs shall timely organize investigation and handling of reports on subordinate news reporter credential holders’ activities violating laws or discipline, and where circumstances are grave, they shall apply for cancellation of news reporter credentials with the original issuing organ.

News organs rescinding the labour relationship with subordinate newsgathering personnel, and not timely going to the original issuing organ to conduct news reporter credential cancellation formalities, will bear the legal consequences this engenders.

Where news organs have not conducted annual news reporter credential examination according to General Administration of Press and Publications or provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department stimulations, the original issuing organ will cancel all their news reporter credentials.

Article 27: News organs shall announce the “nationwide news reporter credential management and examination network system” website address in their media, to make it convenient for the social masses to examine news reporters, and must accept supervision.

Article 28: News reporter credential holders shall observe the provisions of relevant laws and regulations and professional news ethics, and may not engage in paid-for news in the name of newspaper reporting, solicit advertisement or demand improper benefits from newsgathering counterparts.

Article 29: Interviewed persons as well as social masses may supervise news reporter credential holders’ newsgathering activities, may verify the news journalist credential’s veracity through the “nationwide news reporter credential management and examination network system”, and report activities of news reporter credential holders that violate laws or violate discipline.

Article 30: News organs and newsgathering personnel violating these Rules, will be warned by the General Administration of Press and Publications or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department, where circumstances are graved, their news reporter credentials will be revoked.

News organs expanding the issuance scope of news reporter credentials without authorization, or imitating or using invalid reporter credentials of their own accord will be ordered to rectify by the General Administration of Press and Publications or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative press and publications department, and fined 30.000 Yuan or less, and their controlling department is advised to impose Party discipline and government discipline punishment for the main responsible persons.

Chapter V: Supplementary provisions

Article 31: These rules take effect on 1 March 2005. Other regulations that differ from these Rules and were promulgated before these Rules took effect will at the same time no longer apply.

《新闻记者证管理办法》

中华人民共和国新闻出版总署令

第28号

《新闻记者证管理办法》已经2004年 12月9日新闻出版总署第4次署务会通过,现予公布,自2005年3月1日起施行。

新闻出版总署署长 石宗源

二○○五年一月十日

第一章  总则

第一条  为规范新闻记者证发放、使用及管理,保障新闻记者的正常采访活动,维护新闻记者和社会公众的合法权益,根据《国务院对确需保留的行政审批项目设定行政许可的决定》,制定本办法。

第二条  全国新闻机构使用统一样式的记者证,证件名称为新闻记者证。

新闻记者证是我国新闻机构的新闻采编人员从事新闻采访活动使用的有效工作身份证件,由新闻出版总署统一印制并核发。

第三条  新闻记者证由新闻出版总署统一编号,并加盖新闻出版总署印章、新闻记者证核发专用章、新闻记者证年度审核专用章和本新闻机构钢印方为有效。

其他任何单位或者个人不得制作、仿制新闻记者证,不得制作、发放专供采访使用的其它正式证件。

第四条  本办法所称新闻机构,是指经国家有关行政部门批准获得出版许可证的报纸和新闻性期刊出版单位以及通讯社、广播电台、电视台、新闻电影制片厂等具有新闻采编业务的单位。其中,报纸、新闻性期刊的出版单位由新闻出版总署认定;广播、电视新闻机构的认定,以国家广播电影电视总局的有关批准文件为依据。

第二章  审核与发放

第五条  新闻出版总署负责全国新闻记者证的核发工作。

第六条  中央单位所办新闻机构经主管部门审核所属新闻机构采编人员资格条件后,向新闻出版总署申报、领取新闻记者证。

第七条  省和省以下单位所办新闻机构经主管部门审核所属新闻采编人员资格条件后,向所在地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门申报、领取新闻记者证,由省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门向新闻出版总署备案。

第八条  记者站的新闻采编人员资格条件由设立该记者站的新闻机构审核,主管部门同意,并经记者站登记地省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门核准,由设立记者站的新闻机构分别向新闻出版总署或者省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门申报、领取新闻记者证。

第九条  解放军总政治部宣传部新闻出版局负责解放军和武警部队(不含边防、消防、警卫部队)新闻机构记者证的审核发放工作,并向新闻出版总署备案。

第十条  除解放军和武警部队(不含边防、消防、警卫部队)系统外,新闻记者证申请、审核和发放工作统一通过新闻出版总署的“全国新闻记者证管理及核验网络系统”进行。

第十一条  新闻机构中发给新闻记者证的人员须具备下列条件:

(一)遵守国家法律、法规和新闻工作者职业道德;

(二)具备大学专科以上学历和经国务院有关部门认定的新闻采编从业资格;

(三)在新闻机构编制内从事新闻采编工作的人员,或者经新闻机构正式聘用从事新闻采编工作且连续聘用时间已达一年以上的非编制内人员。

本条所称“经新闻机构正式聘用”,是指新闻采编人员与其所在新闻机构签有聘用合同。

第十二条  下列人员不发新闻记者证:

(一)新闻机构中党务、行政、后勤、经营、广告、工程技术等非采编岗位的工作人员;

(二)新闻机构以外的工作人员,包括为新闻单位提供稿件或节目的通讯员、特约撰稿人、特约记者,专职或兼职为新闻机构采编新闻稿件的其他人员;

(三)教学辅导类报纸、高等学校校报工作人员;

(四)受过刑事处罚的人员。

第三章  使用与更换

第十三条  新闻采编人员从事新闻采访工作必须持有新闻记者证,并应在新闻采访中主动向采访对象出示。

新闻记者证持有者从事新闻采访的合法权益受法律保护。

第十四条  新闻记者证不得用于以下活动:

(一)经营性活动;

(二)非职务行为;

(三)违反法律规定的活动;

(四)违反新闻职业道德的活动。

第十五条  新闻记者证只限本人使用,不得转借或者涂改。

第十六条  新闻记者证每五年统一换发一次。新闻记者证换发的具体办法由新闻出版总署另行制定。

新闻机构中编制内的新闻采编人员的新闻记者证有效期为五年。经新闻机构正式聘用的非编制内新闻采编人员的新闻记者证有效期与其聘用合同期相同。

第十七条  新闻记者证实行年度审核制度。新闻记者证年度审核办法由新闻出版总署另行制定。

未通过年度审核的新闻记者证,由发证机关注销,不得继续使用。

第十八条  新闻记者证持有者离开本新闻机构或者采编岗位,新闻机构应及时收回其新闻记者证,并立即向发证机关办理注销手续。

第十九条  新闻记者证因污损、残破等各种原因无法继续使用,由新闻机构持原证到发证机关更换新证,原新闻记者证编号同时作废。

第二十条  新闻记者证因遗失需要补领的,由新闻机构在适当媒体上公告一周后,到发证机关申请补领新证,原新闻记者证编号同时作废。

第二十一条  新闻机构因工作需要补领新闻记者证,按照本办法第二章办理。

第二十二条  新闻机构撤销,其申领的新闻记者证同时作废。该新闻机构的主管单位负责收回作废的新闻记者证,交由发证机关注销。

第二十三条  采访国内、国际重大活动,活动主办单位制作的一次性临时采访证件必须随新闻记者证一同使用。

第四章  监管与责任

第二十四条  新闻出版总署和各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门负责对新闻机构的新闻记者证发放、使用和年度审核进行监督管理。

第二十五条  新闻机构的主管单位应履行对所属新闻机构新闻记者证的申领审核和规范使用的管理责任,依法对违反本办法的新闻机构、新闻采编人员进行处理,对情节严重的,向发证机关申请注销其新闻记者证。

第二十六条  新闻机构应履行对所属新闻采编人员资格条件审核及新闻记者证申请、发放、使用和管理责任,并对新闻记者证持有者的采访活动进行监督管理。

新闻机构对其所属新闻记者证持有者违法违纪行为的举报,应及时组织调查处理,对情节严重的,应向发证机关申请注销新闻记者证。

新闻机构解除与所属采编人员劳动关系,未及时到发证机关办理新闻记者证注销手续的,承担由此产生的法律后果。

新闻机构未按新闻出版总署或者各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门规定进行新闻记者证年度审核的,由发证机关注销其全部新闻记者证。

第二十七条  新闻机构应在其所属媒体上公布“全国新闻记者证管理及核验网络系统”的网址,方便社会公众查验新闻记者证,并接受监督。

第二十八条  新闻记者证持有者应遵守有关法律规定和新闻职业道德,不得以新闻报道为名从事有偿新闻、强拉广告或者向采访对象索取不正当利益。

第二十九条  被采访者以及社会公众可以对新闻记者证持有者的新闻采访活动予以监督,可以通过“全国新闻记者证管理及核验网络系统”验明新闻记者证真伪,并对新闻记者证持有者的违法违纪行为予以举报。

第三十条  新闻机构、新闻采编人员违反本办法,由新闻出版总署或者省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门予以警告,情节严重的,注销新闻记者证。

新闻机构擅自扩大新闻记者证发放范围、私自仿制或者使用无效记者证的,由新闻出版总署或者省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版行政部门责令其改正,给予3万元以下的罚款,并建议其主管单位给予其主管负责入党纪政纪处分。

第五章  附则

第三十一条  本办法自2005年3月1日起施行。本办法生效前颁布的与本办法不一致的其他规定同时不再执行。

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