Central Propaganda Department, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television and General Administration of Press and Publications Regulations Concerning News Gathering and Editing Personnel Employment Management (Trial)

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22 March 2005

In order to strengthen news professional ethics construction, standardize the activities of news gathering and editing personnel, and safeguard the desirable image of the news world, stimulate the healthy development of press undertakings, these Regulations are formulated.

News gathering and editing personnel as named in these Regulations, refers to journalists, editors, producers, presenters, broadcasters, commenters, translators, etc., in news work units such as newspaper offices, news-type periodical offices, press agencies, radio stations, television stations, news websites, etc., engaging in news reporting work such as newsgathering, editing, producing, publishing or broadcasting, etc.

Article 1: News gathering and editing personnel must persist in taking Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important “Three Represents” thought as guidance, support the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, support the Socialist system, build political consciousness, a sense of the larger picture and a sense of responsibility, implement policies of unity, stability and encouragement, with positive propaganda at the core, grasp the correct public opinion guidance, support reform and opening op, and modernization construction, serve the people, serve Socialist and serve the larger picture of the entire Party’s and country’s work.

Article 2: News gathering and editing personnel must respect the Constitution and laws, respect the Party’s news discipline, safeguard Party and State interests, safeguard the basic rights and interests of the popular masses. They must strictly preserve Party and State secrets. When reporting on cases violating discipline or laws, they must consciously respect the discipline on case reporting, and pay attention to the political effect and social effect of their reports. When gathering or editing foreign-related news reports, they must obey our country’s foreign-related laws and the international agreements in which our country participates, and implement our country’s foreign policy. When gathering or editing ethnic or religion-related reports, they must obey our country’s ethnic and religious policy and corresponding laws and regulations. They must safeguard the right to privacy of citizens according to the law, and safeguard the lawful rights and interests of objects of reporting according to the law. When gathering or editing negative reports involving minors, they must obey our country’s laws and regulations concerning the protection of minors, and safeguard the rights and interests of minors, and without having obtained agreement of the guardians of minors, may without exception not reveal minors’ names, addresses, images and other information and audiovisual material that makes it able to infer or deduce their real identity.

Article 3: News gathering and reporting personnel must persist in the principles of truth, completeness, objectivity and fairness, and guarantee the accuracy of news facts. They must earnestly verify information sources, and prevent false or inaccurate reporting. A real-name system must be implemented when news reporting is published in news media, and reports must be signed with the true and full name of the writer. They may not intervene with mediation in civil disputes and economic disputes, and may not intervene with the regular activities of judicial adjudication. Where news reports involve controversial content, they must fully hear opinions from all corresponding sides, earnestly check facts, and accurately grasp proper restraint.

Article 4: News gathering and editing personnel must develop a spirit of seeking truth from facts, and respecting and contributing to work, going deep into reality, going deep into life, and going deep into the masses, investigate and research, being pragmatic in seeking the truth, striving to improve work styles and writing styles, incessantly innovating reporting content, form and methods, making news reporting stick close to reality, close to life and close to the masses, strengthening the focus, effect, influence and attraction of news reporting.

Article 5: When news gathering and editing personnel engaging in new reporting activities encounter the following circumstances, they shall withdraw, and may not intervene or exert influence on the gathering, editing, publishing or broadcasting of drafts:

1, news gathering and editing personnel have a marital relationship, direct blood relationship, a blood relative relationship within the third degree as well as an in-law relative relationship with the object of the report;

2, news gathering and editing personnel collect reports involving regions in which that person was born, worked for a long time or lives;

3, news gathering and editing personnel have a relationship of friends, fellow townsperson, classmate, colleagues and have regular contact with the object of the report;

4, news gathering and editing personnel have a relation involving concrete economic, reputation or other benefits with the object of the report.

Article 6: A post rotation system and a position avoidance system is implemented for the main responsible persons of news work units’ branch organs or delegated organs of all levels (branch chiefs, journalist post chiefs, etc.). Where a position has been held for 8 years, they shall be rotated, exchanged or a change of place shall be arranged. News gathering and editing personnel may not be sent to their place of birth, or places where they have worked or lived for a long time to undertake the post of branch chief or journalist post chief.

Article 7: News gathering and editing personnel must resist all sorts of paid-for news activities. They may not use gathering or editing of reports to seek improper gain, may not accept dinner invitations and gifts that may influence the objectivity or fairness of news reporting, may not demand property or other benefits from the object of the report or a person whose interests are concerned, may not engage in paid-for intermediary activities related with their work, may not run private businesses, and may not hold cumulative remunerated positions with other news work units or economic organizations without a subordinate relationship.

Article 8: News gathering and editing personnel must strictly implement regulations on news report and business activity openness. They may not solicit advertisement with the identity of journalists, editors, reviewers, producers, presenters, broadcaster, etc., they may not exchange news reporting for advertising, may not publish or broadcast advertising content  disguised as news images, and may not manipulate news reports for commercial gain. News gathering and editing personnel may not conduct news reporting with paper or periodical subscription as condition, may not directly require the work unit or individual about which news is gathered to subscribe to papers or periodicals, and may certainly not force the work unit or individual about which news is gathered to subscribe to newspapers or periodicals, take out advertising or provide support by using criticism or exposure.

Article 9: Standardizing news gathering and reporting personnel credential management and application. Journalist credentials accredited by press and publication work units or radio and television controlling authorities and issued by the State administrative controlling authority for press and publications must be displayed when openly gathering news. Personnel using false journalist credentials or passing themselves off as journalists must be strictly investigated and prosecuted. News work units must open supervision telephones to society, to facilitate mass supervision.

Article 10: News gathering and editing personnel violating regulations or discipline must be investigated and prosecuted according to the relevant regulations and discipline. Where news gathering and editing personnel commit acts of false reporting or paid-for news, and the circumstances are grave, their journalist credentials are revoked without exception. All news gathering and editing personnel of which the journalist credentials are revoked, may not engage in news gathering and editing work within 5 years of the day of revocation; where criminal sentences are imposed because of intentional crime, they may not engage in news gathering and editing work for the rest of their life.

Article 11: These regulations take effect in the main news work units nationwide on the day of promulgation, other news work units will refer to them and try them out.

中宣部、国家广电总局、新闻出版总署关于新闻采编人员从业管理的规定(试行)

为加强新闻职业道德建设,规范新闻采编人员行为,维护新闻界良好形象,促进新闻事业健康发展,制定本规定。

本规定所称新闻采编人员,是指在中华人民共和国境内经批准设立的报社、新闻性期刊社、通讯社、广播电台、电视台、新闻网站等新闻单位内的记者、编辑、制片人、主持人、播音员、评论员、翻译等从事新闻采访、编辑、制作、刊播等新闻报道业务的人员。

第一条 新闻采编人员要坚持以马克思列宁主义、毛泽东思想、邓小平理论和“三个代表”重要思想为指导,拥护中国共产党的领导,拥护社会主义制度,树立政治意识、大局意识和责任意识,贯彻团结稳定鼓劲、正面宣传为主的方针,把握正确舆论导向,支持改革开放和现代化建设,为人民服务,为社会主义服务,为全党全国工作大局服务。

第二条 新闻采编人员要遵守宪法和法律,奠定党的新闻宣传纪律,维护党和国家利益,维护人民群众的根本利益。要严格保守党和国家秘密。报道违纪违法案件,要自觉遵守案件报道的纪律,注意报道的政治效果、社会效果。采编涉外新闻报道,要遵守我国涉外法律和我国已加入的国际条约,贯彻我国对外政策。采编民族宗教报道,要遵守我国民族宗教政策和相关法规。要依法维护公民个人隐私权,依法维护报道对象的合法权益。采编涉及未成年人的负面报道,要遵守我国对未成年人保护的法律规定,维护未成年人的权益,未获得未成年人的临护人同意,一般不披露未成年人的姓名、住址、肖像等能够辩别和推断其真实身份的信息和音像资料。

第三条 新闻采编人员要坚持真实、全面、客观、公正的原则,确保新闻事实准确。要认真核实消息来源,杜绝虚假不实报道。新闻报道在新闻媒体刊发时要实行实名制,即署作者的真名实姓。不得干预民事纠纷和经济纠纷的调解,不得干预正常的司法审判活动。报道涉及有争议的内容时,要充分听取相关各方的意见,认真核对事实,准确把握分寸。

第四条 新闻采编人员要发扬实事求是、敬业奉献的精神,深入实际、深入生活、深入群众,调查研究,求真务实,努力改进工作作风和文风,不断创新报道内容、形式和手段,使新闻报道贴近实际、贴近生活、贴近群众,增强新闻报道的针对性、实效性和吸引力、感染力。

第五条 新闻采编人员从事新闻报道活动时如遇以下情形应实行回避,并不得对稿件的采集、编发、刊播进行干预或施加影响:

1、新闻采编人员与报道对象具有夫妻关系、直系血亲关系、三代以内旁系血亲以及近姻亲关系;

2、新闻采编人员采访报道涉及地区系本人出生地、曾长期工作或生活所在地;

3、新闻采编人员与报道对象属于素有往来的朋友、同乡、同学、同事等关系;

4、新闻采编人员与报道对象存在具体的经济、名誉等利益关系。

第六条 新闻单位各级分支机构和派出机构的主要负责人(分社社长、记者站站长等),实行任期轮岗制和任职回避制。任职满8年的,应轮岗交流或易地安排。新闻采编人员不得被派往本人出生地、曾长期工作或生活所在地担任分社社长或记者站站长。

第七条 新闻采编人员要杜绝各种有偿新闻行为。不得利用采编报道谋取不正当利益,不得接受可能影响新闻报道客观公正的宴请和馈赠,不得向采访报道对象或利害关系人索取财物和其他利益,不得从事与职业有关的有偿中介活动,不得经商办企业,不得在无隶属关系的其他新闻单位或经济组织兼职取酬。

第八条 新闻采编人员要严格执行新闻报道与经营活动分开的规定。不得以记者、编辑、审稿人、制片人、主持人、播音员等身份拉广告,不得以新闻报道换取广告,不得以变相新闻形式刊播广告内容,不得为经营谋利操纵新闻报道。新闻采编人员不得以订阅报刊为条件进行新闻报道,不得直接要求被采访报道单位或个人订阅报刊,更不得以批评曝光为由强迫被采访报道单位或个人订阅报刊、投放广告或提供赞助。

第九条 规范新闻采编人员记者证件管理和使用。公开的新闻采访必须出示经新闻出版单位、广播电视主管部门资格认定,由国家新闻出版行政主管部门核发的记者证件。对使用假记者证或冒充记者的人员要严肃查处。新闻单位要向社会公布监督电话,方便群众监督。

第十条 对违规违纪的新闻采编人员要按有关规定和纪律严肃查处。新闻采编人员有虚假报道、有偿新闻等行为,情节严重的,一律吊销记者证。凡被吊销记者证的新闻采编人员,自吊销之日起5年之内不得从事新闻采编工作;因故意犯罪被判处刑罚的,终身不得从事新闻采编工作。

第十一条  本规定自公布之日起在全国主要新闻单位试行,其他新闻单位参照试行。

One thought on “Central Propaganda Department, State Administration of Radio, Film and Television and General Administration of Press and Publications Regulations Concerning News Gathering and Editing Personnel Employment Management (Trial)

    […] and China Education Television, the Notice said that, in order to deeply implement the “Regulations Concerning Newsgathering Personnel Professional Management (Trial)” formulated by Central Propaganda Department, SARFT and the General Administration of Press […]

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