Public Security Bureau, National Copyright Administration Temporary Regulations Concerning Strengthening Cooperation and Coordination in the Attack Work on Unlawful and Criminal Copyright Infringement

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Promulgated on 26 March 2006

Article 1: In order to strengthen the coordination and cooperation of Public Security organs and the copyright administrative management entities (hereafter named “both parties”), to severely attack unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement, to protect the copyright and related rights of the authors of literary, artistic and scientific works, and to stimulate the development and prospering of cultural and scientific enterprises, these Regulations are formulated in accordance with the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Copyright Law of the People’s Republic of China”, the “Regulations on Transfer of Suspected Criminal Cases by Administrative Enforcement Entities” and related laws and regulations.

Article 2: Linking up and coordinating the work of both parties in strengthening the attack against unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement, includes information sharing on suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement and consultation on attack strategies, transferring and receiving cases of suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement according to the law, mutual information sharing on intelligence and information concerning attack on unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement, joint development of propaganda and international exchange and other programmes in the field of copyright protection.

Article 3: Both parties will be specially managed by Public Security organs’ public order management entities and copyright administrative enforcement entities in linking up and coordinating the work in attacking unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement.

Article 4: the Ministry of Public Security Order Control Bureau, the National Copyright Administration Copyright Management Department as well as all provincial-level and municipality level Public Security organs’ public order management entities and copyright administrative management entities should establish a joint conference system on attacking suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement. The joint conference will be composed of the responsible persons in charge of investigating and prosecuting suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement of the Public Security organs, the copyright administrative management entities and other related functional departments.

The Public Security organs of county level should establish a joint coordination mechanism to attack unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement with the copyright administrative management entities of the same level, and determine the practical shape and participating work units based on their local conditions. For those not having established copyright management entities, the Public Security organs of higher than county level should jointly establish a joint coordination mechanism to attack unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement together with the Press and Publications, Culture and other entities bearing the duty of administrative copyright enforcement.

Article 5: the Joint Conference should be convened once every year, convened in turn by the Public Security organs’ public order management entities and copyright administrative enforcement entities, the organizing side is responsible for the preparation and organizing work. If significant or urgent situations or major work needing united deployment, an ad hoc joint conference may be convened.

The main content of the joint conference is to summarize the situation concerning joining and coordinating work, formulating work steps and plans, the work of studying the handling of significant cases, exchanging intelligence and information concerning the attack against unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringements. Relevant matters decided by joint conferences on all levels, should be reported to higher-level the organ in charge.

Article 6: If copyright management entities discover case clues on suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement during the process of law enforcement, they should promptly share information with the Public Security organ of the same level.

If Public Security organs discover case clues on suspected unlawful and criminal acts of copyright infringement during their work, they should promptly share information with the copyright management entity of the same level.

Article 7: When copyright administrative management entities share case clues with Public Security organs, they should attach the following materials:

(1) case (clues) information sharing letter;

(2) the investigation report finding suspected criminal case circumstances;

(3) sample materials of infringing duplications;

(4) criminal evidence materials;

(5) other relevant materials.

Article 8: When Public Security organs share administrative violation case clues with copyright management  entities, they should attach the following materials:

(1) case (clues) information sharing letter;

(2) the investigation report finding suspected administrative case violations;

(3) relevant evidence materials;

(4) other relevant materials.

Article 9: Public Security materials should, within three working days after the receipt of information shared by copyright management entities, conduct investigation into the reported case clues according to the law, and may discuss or request with the copyright management entity to organize necessary assistance. If it is believed that there are criminal facts, which should be subject to criminal liability investigations, it will be decided to file a case according to the law, and the copyright management entity that reported the clues will be informed in writing.

Copyright management entities should, within three working days after the receipt of clues concerning cases of unlawful acts from a Public Security organ, conduct investigation into the reported case clues according to the law, if it is believed that there are facts of copyright infringement constituting an administrative violation, it will be decided to file a case according to the law, and the Public Security organ that reported the clues will be informed in writing; if it is not believed that there are facts of copyright infringement constituting an administrative violation, no case will be files and the Public Security organ that reported the clues will be informed in writing.

Article 10: During the process of filing a case investigating copyright violation, the copyright administrative enforcement agency should transfer suspected criminal cases to Public Security Organs according to the “Regulations on Transferring Suspected Criminal Cases by Administrative Enforcement Organs” and relevant regulations, and may not substitute administrative punishment for criminal punishment.

When copyright administrative enforcement agencies transfer cases, they should in principle send one case one time. If the number of cases to be transferred is relatively large, or the case details are complicated, or the nature of the case is hard to grasp, the copyright management entity may convene a case coordinating council with the Public Security organs. If a case is decided to be transferred, the copyright management entity should formulate a “Suspected Criminal Case Transfer Note”, and send it together with the copyright evidence and other materials gathered and transfer it to the Public Security organs.

Article 11: Public Security organs and copyright management entities should jointly strengthen copyright authentication work, and promote establishment of copyright authentication systems, and organize relevant law enforcement guarantees to attack criminal and unlawful acts of copyright infringement.

Article 12: Concerning clues on significant cases discovered during work, the Public Security organs and copyright management entities may convene an ad hoc joint conference, and when necessary invite representatives of other law enforcement organs to attend, to jointly consult and deliberate the nature of the case and to decide on attacking countermeasures, and to launch joint attack work.

Joint attack work should be guided by the principle of “precise attack” and “whole process attack”, should take the form of a coordinated operation, ascertain the plotters, organizers and participants of all segments of production, sale, transport, packaging etc. of pirated and infringing duplication, and destroy the entire criminal network.

“Significant cases” as named in this article, refers to cases that cause large harm to society, strong effects in society, of which the value is large, that involve international criminal gangs or other cases both parties deliberated and decided that should be jointly attacked.

Article 13: If Copyright management entities, when receiving reports containing clues of a significant case or tracking down a significant case on the scene of law enforcement, believe that a case is suspected criminal, it should immediately inform the Public Security organs, the Public Security organs should sent personnel on the scene, and jointly deliberate on the investigation and prosecution work. If both parties believe it conforms to conditions for transfer, it should be immediately handed over and dealt with by Public Security organs, according to the “Regulations on Administrative Law Enforcement Organs Transferring Suspected Criminal Cases”

Article 14: Within three working days after delivery of the Public Security organ’s Decision on Case Filing Notice, Copyright management entities should conduct formalities for transfer of relevant infringing duplications and materials, tools and equipment etc. used in the unlawful or criminal act to the Public Security organs. If Public Security organs need to be present at the seen to examine and approve goods relevant to the suspected case or gather necessary infringing duplication specimens, the copyright administrative law enforcement entities should grant vigorous assistance.

Article 15: If Public Security organs need to consult copyright management entities to determine the question of whether relevant acts constitute copyright infringement or not, it should put forward a request for advice in written form to the copyright management entity of the same level, and should also present materials such as specimens of suspected infringing reproductions, photos, written explanations, etc. Apart from cases with complex details, the copyright management entity should respond within 15 working days after receipt of the correspondence, the advice of the copyright management entity may function as reference for Public Security organs in handling the case.

If Local Public Security organs, concerning cases with significant or complex details, need to consult copyright management entities of one level higher to determine the question of whether relevant acts constitute copyright infringement or not, they should first report the relevant situation to the Public Security organ of one level higher, and the Public Security organ of one level higher will solicit opinions from the copyright management entity of the same level.

Article 16: Public Security organs and copyright management entities should strengthen mutual assistance and support in the process of law enforcement, and should jointly develop special programmes depending on the actual needs, and under the leadership of the local party committee, government and the higher-level Public Security organs and copyright management entities.

Article 17: Both parties should elaborate their respective resource superiority, jointly organize and develop training, propaganda, honouring and other activities. In international law enforcement cooperation, they must act in close coordination, and jointly participate in international exchange activities.

Article 18: the Ministry of Public Security Order Control Bureau, the National Copyright Administration Copyright Management Department carry out joint supervision over both parties’ implementation of these Regulations; all provincial, autonomous region and municipal Public Security organs and copyright management entities carry out supervision over implementation in their jurisdiction.

Article 19: These Regulations take effect on the day of promulgation。

公安部、国家版权局关于在打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪工作中加强衔接配合的暂行规定

第一条 为加强公安机关和著作权管理部门(以下简称双方)的协作与配合,严厉打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪活动,保护文学、艺术和科学作品作者的著作权及相关权益,促进社会主义文化和科学事业的发展和繁荣,根据《中华人民共和国刑法》、《中华人民共和国著作权法》、《行政执法机关移送涉嫌犯罪案件的规定》及相关法律、法规,制定本规定。

第二条 双方加强打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪工作的衔接配合,包括通报涉嫌侵犯著作权违法犯罪和会商打击策略,依法移送和接受涉嫌侵犯著作权违法犯罪案件,相互通报打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪活动的情报信息,共同开展保护著作权领域的宣传和国际交流等事项。

第三条 双方在打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪工作中的衔接配合,由公安机关治安管理部门和著作权行政执法部门归口管理。

第四条 公安部治安管理局、国家版权局版权管理司以及各省级、地市级公安机关治安管理部门和著作权行政执法部门应当建立打击涉嫌侵犯著作权违法犯罪联席会议制度。联席会议由公安机关、著作权管理部门负责查处涉嫌侵犯著作权违法犯罪案件部门的负责人和其他相关职能部门的负责人组成。

县级公安机关应当与同级著作权管理部门建立打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪衔接配合机制,并根据当地实际情况确定具体形式和参加单位。

对没有设立著作权管理部门的,县级以上公安机关应当与同级新闻出版或者文化等承担著作权行政执法职责的部门共同建立打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪衔接配合机制。

第五条 联席会议每年召开一次,由公安机关治安管理部门、著作权行政执法部门轮流召集,轮值方负责会议的筹备和组织工作。如遇重大、紧急情况或者需要联合部署重要工作,可以召开临时联席会议。

联席会议的主要内容是总结衔接配合工作情况,制定工作措施和计划,研究重大案件的办理工作,交流打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪工作的情报信息。各级联席会议决定的有关事项,应当报送双方上级主管机关。

第六条 著作权管理部门在执法过程中,发现涉嫌侵犯著作权犯罪案件线索,应当及时通报同级公安机关。

公安机关对于在工作中发现的涉嫌侵犯著作权违法案件线索,应当及时通报同级著作权管理部门。

第七条 著作权管理部门向公安机关通报案件线索时,应当附有下列材料:

(一)案件(线索)通报函;

(二)涉嫌犯罪案件情况的认定调查报告;

(三)侵权复制品样品材料;

(四)侵权证明材料;

(五)其他有关材料。

第八条 公安机关向著作权管理部门通报行政违法案件线索时,应当附有下列材料:

(一)案件(线索)通报函;

(二)涉嫌行政违法案件情况的认定调查报告;

(三)相关证据材料;

(四)其他有关材料。

第九条 公安机关应当自接到著作权管理部门通报之日起3个工作日内,依法对所通报的案件线索进行审查,并可商请著作权管理部门提供必要的协助。认为有犯罪事实,应当追究刑事责任的,依法决定立案,书面通知通报线索的著作权管理部门;认为情节较轻,不构成犯罪的,应当说明理由,并书面通知通报线索的著作权管理部门。

著作权管理部门应当自接受公安机关通报的违法案件线索之日起3个工作日内,依法对所通报的案件线索进行审查,认为存在侵犯著作权等行政违法事实的,依法决定立案,书面通知通报线索的公安机关;认为不存在侵犯著作权等行政违法事实的,不予立案并书面通知通报线索的公安机关。

第十条 著作权行政执法部门在立案查出著作权违法案件过程中,对涉嫌犯罪的案件,应当依照国务院《行政执法机关移送涉嫌犯罪案件的规定》及有关规定向公安机关移送案件,不得以行政处罚代替刑事处罚。

著作权行政执法部门移送案件,原则上应一案一送。如果拟移送的案件数量较多,或者案情复杂、案件性质难以把握,著作权管理部门可与公安机关召开案件协调会。对决定移送的,著作权管理部门应当制作《涉嫌犯罪案件移送书》,连同著作权证明等材料汇总移送公安机关。

第十一条 公安机关、著作权管理部门应当共同加强著作权鉴定工作,并推动组建著作权鉴定机构,为打击侵犯著作权违法犯罪案件提供相应的执法保障。

第十二条 对于工作中发现的重大案件线索,公安机关、著作权管理部门可以召开临时联席会议,必要时邀请其他执法机关代表参加,共同会商、研究案情和决定打击对策,开展联合打击工作。

联合打击工作应以“精确打击”和“全程打击”为方针,采取协同作战的方式,查明盗版侵权复制品的生产、销售、运输、包装等各个环节的策划者、组织者、参与者,摧毁整个犯罪网络。

本条所称“重大案件”,是指社会危害巨大、社会反映强烈、涉案价值巨大、涉及跨国境犯罪团伙或其他双方研究决定应当联合打击的案件。

第十三条 著作权管理部门接到重大案件线索举报,或者在执法现场查获重大案件,认为涉嫌犯罪的,应当立即通知公安机关,公安机关应当派员到场,共同研究查处工作。双方认为符合移送条件的,应当按照《行政执法机关移送涉嫌犯罪案件的规定》,立即交由公安机关处理。

第十四条 在公安机关决定立案通知书送达后3个工作日内,著作权管理部门应当向公安机关办理有关侵权复制品和用于违法犯罪行为的材料、工具、设备等的移交手续。公安机关需要到场查验有关涉案物品或者收集必要的侵权复制品样材的,著作权行政执法部门应当予以积极协助。

第十五条 公安机关就有关行为是否构成侵犯著作权问题需要咨询著作权管理部门意见的,应当向同级著作权管理部门书面提出认定要求,并应当附送涉嫌侵权复制品的样材、照片、文字说明等材料。除案情复杂的以外,著作权管理部门应当在收到函件后15个工作日内答复,著作权管理部门认定意见可以作为公安机关办案的参考。

地方公安机关对于案情重大、复杂,就有关行为是否构成侵犯著作权问题需要咨询上一级著作权管理部门意见的,应当先将有关情况上报上一级公安机关,由上一级公安机关向同级著作权管理部门征求意见。

第十六条 公安机关、著作权管理部门应当在执法过程中加强相互支持协助,并可根据实际需要,在当地党委政府和上级公安机关、著作权管理部门的领导下,共同开展专项行动。

第十七条 双方发挥各自的资源优势,共同组织开展培训、

宣传、表彰等活动。在国际执法合作中要密切配合,共同参与有关国际交流活动。

第十八条 公安部治安管理局、国家版权局版权管理司对双方执行本规定的情况进行联合监督;各省、自治区、直辖市公安机关和著作权管理部门对本辖区内执行情况进行监督。

第十九条 本规定自公布之日起试行。

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