Opinions concerning Strengthening the Supervision of Internet Mapping and Geographical Information Service Websites
GCTZ No. 1
All provincial, autonomous region and municipal Peoples’ Government, all State Council ministries and commissions, all directly subordinate organs:
Following the progress of satellite positioning technology, remote sensing technology, geographical information system technology and network technology, and development speed of mapping and geographical information services based on the Internet have, at the same time as providing conveniences to people’s work and lives, presented many problems that should not be overlooked. A number of work units and individuals have, in violation of the provision of relevant State laws and regulations, provided unauthorized Internet mapping and geographical information services without qualifications or approval, have published erroneous national maps, and indicated some geographical coordinate information that is sensitive, should not have been published or even involves State secrets. The emergence of these problems has gravely harmed the national interest and threatened national security. In order to strengthen supervision and management of Internet mapping and geographical information service websites, and with the agreement of the State Council, hereby, the following opinions are put forward:
I, Fully understand the importance of strengthening supervision and management of Internet mapping and geographical information services
Geographical information is important basic data for national economic construction and national security. Internet mapping is an important carrier for geographical information, like other maps, it is an important manifestation form for State maps, and reflects a country’s will in the area of sovereignty, and its political and foreign relations viewpoints in international society, it has a rigorous scientific nature, a serious political nature and a grave legal nature. Errors occurring in internet mapping not only harm the interest of consumers, but they also harm the national interest, the dignity of the nation, and may even engender extremely nasty political influences; if important geographical information data and attributes are indicated, added or disseminated on Internet maps, it may divulge State secrets, and create hidden dangers for national security.
All localities and all relevant departments must absolutely, in line with the spirit of holding high responsibility for State sovereignty, the dignity of the nation and the direct interests of the popular masses, and from the strategic heights of stressing politics and safeguarding national security, fully understand the importance of strengthening supervision and management work over Internet mapping and geographical information service websites, further standardize acts of compiling, publishing and disseminating maps, and uploading geographical information, deeply launch propaganda and education activities concerning a mentality of the national territory and a mentality of secret protection, and stop the dissemination on the Internet of “problem maps” that harm national sovereignty and security, and the dignity of the nation.
II, Strictly implement market access systems for Internet mapping and geographical information service activities
Internet mapping is a special map product, engaging in Internet mapping and geographical information service activities must respect the provisions of State laws and regulations. Engaging in Internet mapping compilation activities must be examined and approved by the State Council administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping, and corresponding survey and mapping qualification letters must be obtained. Engaging in Internet mapping publishing activities shall be examined and approved by the State Council department for press and publications, and an Internet publishing permit is to be obtained. Foreign organizations or individuals may not engage in Internet mapping compilation and publishing activities within the borders of our countries.
Before the uploading or publication of Internet maps, they shall be reported to the State administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping, or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping; those engaging in Internet mapping and geographical information services shall apply for a Internet information service business permit or implement filing procedures with the controlling department for information industry (telecommunications) according the law. No work unit or individual may publish important geographical information data on the Internet without authorization. Those who need to use important geographical information data on the Internet shall use important geographical information data published according to the law. The use of survey and mapping results involving State secrets to develop and produce Internet maps and provide geographical information services, must first be subject to secrecy preservation procedures by the State Council administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping, or the provincial, autonomous region or municipal administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping.
III, Further strengthening supervision and management over Internet mapping and geographical information services websites
Administrative controlling departments for surveys and mapping must strengthen management of Internet mapping survey and mapping qualifications and pre-publication or uploading examination and verification of Internet maps; adopt measures to firmly prevent the dissemination of maps relating to secrets, high-precision coordinate results and important topographical or surface information, etc. They must accelerate the construction of public geographical information service platforms, vigorously prepare public digitalized mapping products and stimulate the socialized application of survey and mapping results.
Administrative press and publications departments must strengthen management over Internet map publishing, strictly implement regulations concerning Internet map publication management, and investigate and prosecute Internet map publication acts that violate State publishing regulations.
Administrative industry and commerce management departments must, at the same time as receiving Internet mapping and geographical information service website (enterprise) registration, investigate whether or not they have obtained corresponding survey and mapping certification letters issued by the administrative controlling department for surveys and mapping, and an Internet publishing permit for Internet mapping publication business issued by the administrative press and publications department.
Secrecy preservation departments must strengthen guidance over Internet mapping and geographical information security and secrecy preservation work, and strictly investigate and prosecute acts violating laws and regulations, in which State secrets are divulged, together with relevant departments.
Telecommunications management departments must assist and cooperate with relevant controlling departments to strengthen supervision and management over Internet mapping and geographical information service websites. Corresponding relevant departments must make the administrative punishment decision to close Internet mapping and geographical information service websites that endanger national sovereignty, security and interests; where websites refuse to carry out [orders], telecommunications management departments notify Internet access service providers to cease providing access services to them.
IV, Strictly investigate and prosecute acts violating laws and regulations in Internet mapping and geographical information services
All relevant departments must exert efforts and launch a special Internet mapping campaign, to standardize Internet mapping and geographical information service activities, and strengthen daily supervision and management. All localities must, on the basis of the local real situation, conduct complete and through inspection of Internet mapping and geographical information service websites in their administrative areas. All Internet maps that have not been examined and approved by national or provincial-level administrative surveys and mapping controlling departments may not be uploaded or transmitted without exception; Internet maps that contain problems must be investigated, prosecuted and rectified according to the law. All business subjects who have not obtained permits to engage in the Internet map publishing business, are to cease Internet map publishing activities without exception. It is necessary to further expand strengths to attack unlawful engagement in Internet mapping and geographical information service activities with model unlawful cases with grave circumstances and strong social reaction as break-through points, and publish a list of names of work units and enterprises that have gravely broken the law in Internet mapping and geographical information services, as well as the investigation and prosecution situation of model unlawful cases.
V, Deeply launch propaganda and education activities concerning the national map and a sense of security and secrecy preservation
All localities and all relevant departments must, at the same time as continuing to deeply launch propaganda and education about a consciousness for the national map, strengthen network information security propaganda and education work, adopt many kinds of ways to broadly and deeply propagate laws and regulations on map management, secrecy preservation, etc. Education website operators are to run websites according to the law and in a civilized manner, end educate citizens not to upload geographical information that should not be published onto the Internet. Guide the Internet mapping and geographical information service sector to strengthen self-discipline, and strengthen a sense of information security and social responsibility with website operators. Establish reporting and reward systems, to encourage the broad popular masses to vigorously report cases in which Internet maps and geographical information divulges secrets in violation of laws and regulations, and give rein to the role of the public in participating in social supervision.
Enterprises who engage in Internet mapping and geographical information services according to the law must strictly discipline themselves, it is prohibited to transmit, indicate or publish “problem maps” that endanger national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and geographical information that may harm national security.
VI, Vigorously move the construction of a legal system for Internet mapping and geographical information service management forward
Relevant departments must accelerate the revision work of the “Map Compilation and Publication Management Regulations of the People’s Republic of China”, formulate corresponding supplementary rules, ensure that there are laws to rely on and matters are administered according to the law, further standardize Internet mapping and geographical information service websites’ activities, strengthen security and secret preservation measures.
The relevant State Council departments must mutually cooperate, and in a coordinated manner guide the various relevant provincial, autonomous region and municipal departments in conducting Internet mapping and geographical information service website supervision and management work, and regularly conduct supervision and inspection of the work situation. They must establish situation reporting systems with participation of relevant departments, timely report and deal with acts violating laws and regulations that appear in Internet mapping and geographical information services. All local levels’ people’s Governments must organize and coordinate that relevant departments adopt long-time effective, realistic and feasible supervision and management measures, strengthen supervision and management over Internet mapping and geographical information service websites, and stimulate the construction of a harmonious network and the flourishing and development of the geographical information industry.
Survey and Mapping Bureau Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ministry of Public Security Ministry of Information Industry
State Administration of Industry and Commerce General Administration of Press and Publications
State Council Information Office Secrecy Preservation Bureau
25 February 2008
测 绘 局 外 交 部
公 安 部 信息产业部
工 商 总 局 新闻出版总署
新 闻 办 保 密 局