Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information (II)

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Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate

FS No. [2010]3

Passed on 18 January 2010 at the 1483rd Meeting of the Supreme People’s Court Trial Committee and on 14 January 2010 by the 28th Meeting of the 11th Procuratorate Committee of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate.

Announcement

The “Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information (II)” was passed on 18 January 2010 at the 1483rd Meeting of the Supreme People’s Court Trial Committee and on 14 January 2010 by the 28th Meeting of the 11th Procuratorate Committee of the Supreme People’s Procuratorate, is hereby promulgated, and takes effect on 4 February 2010

Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuratorate

2 February 2010

In order to strictly punish criminal activities of using the Internet or mobile communication terminals to produce, reproduce, publish, peddle or disseminate obscene electronic information, or of disseminating obscene message information through voicemail platforms and other criminal activities, safeguard social order, guarantee citizens’ rights and interests, on the basis of the provisions of the “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” and the “National People’s Congress Standing Committee Decision concerning Safeguarding Internet Security, hereby, some questions on the concretely applicable law in adjudicating the said sort of criminal cases are interpreted as follows:

Article 1: Those using the Internet or mobile communications terminals to produce, reproduce, publish, peddle or disseminate obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, are convicted and punished according to Article 1 and Article 2 of the “Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information”

Those using the Internet or mobile communication terminals to produce, reproduce, publish, peddle or disseminate obscene electronic information containing minors of less than fourteen years old, where one of the following circumstances is present, are convicted and punished for the crime of producing, reproducing, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene goods with the aim of profit, according to the provisions of Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  ten or more obscene films, performances, cartoons and other video files;

(2) producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  fifty or more obscene audio files;

(3) producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  100 or more obscene electronic periodicals, pictures, texts, etc.;

(4) producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene information that has been clicked 5000 times or more in reality;

(5) using the membership method, publishing, peddling or disseminating obscene electronic information, to 100 or more registered members;

(6) using obscene electronic information to collect advertising fees, user registration fees or other fees, and the unlawful income is 5000 Yuan or more;

(7) cases where quantities or values have not reached the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (6), but which respectively reach half or more of two or more of these standards;

(8) cases where grave consequences result.

Where acts are carried out provided in Paragraph 2, and quantities or values reach five times or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (7), “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law shall be established, where they reach 25 times or more the provided standards, “especially grave circumstances” shall be established.

Article 2: Those using the Internet or mobile communications terminals to disseminate obscene electronic information, shall be convicted and punished according to the provisions of Article 3 of the “Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information”

Those using the Internet or mobile communications terminals to disseminate obscene electronic information containing minors of less than fourteen years old, where one of the following circumstances is present, are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods according to the provisions of Article 364 Paragraph I of the Criminal Law:

(1) where quantities reach double or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (5) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(2) where quantities respectively reach the standards of two or more Clauses from Clauses (1) to (5) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(3) where grave consequences result.

Article 3: Where the Internet is used to establish groups mainly used to disseminate obscene electronic information, of which the membership is 30 individuals or higher or which result in grave consequences, the founders, managers and main disseminators are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods, according to the provisions of Article 364 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law.

Article 4: Where website founders or directly responsible managers clearly know that other persons producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information, and permit or do not interfere with other persons disseminating this on websites or web pages they own or manage, with the aim of profit, where one of the following circumstances is present, are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods according to the provisions of Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) where quantities or values reach five times or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (6) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(2) where quantities or values respectively reach double or more of the standards of two or more Clauses from Clauses (1) to (5) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(3) where grave consequences result.

Where acts are carried out provided in the previous Paragraph, and quantities or values reach 25 times or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (7) of Article 1, Paragraph 2, “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law shall be established, where they reach 100 times or more the provided standards, “especially grave circumstances” shall be established.

Article 5: Where website founders or directly responsible managers clearly know that other persons producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information, permit or do not interfere with other persons disseminating this on websites or webpages they own, and one of the following circumstances is present they are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods according to the provisions of Article 364 Paragraph I of the Criminal Law:

(1) where quantities reach ten times or more or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (5) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(2) where quantities respectively reach the five times or more the standards of two or more Clauses from Clauses (1) to (5) of Article 1, Paragraph 2;

(3) where grave consequences result.

Article 6: Where telecommunications operators or Internet information service providers clearly know of obscene websites, and provide Internet access, server entrustment, network storage space, communication and transmission channels, fee collections or other services for them, and one of the following circumstances is present, the directly responsible personnel in charge and other directly responsible personnel are convicted and punished for the crime of disseminating obscene goods, according to the provisions of Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) providing the abovementioned services to five or more obscene websites;

(2) providing Internet access, server entrustment, network storage space, communication and transmission services, or other services to obscene websites, and collecting 20.000 Yuan or more in service fees;

(3) providing fee collection services to obscene websites, and collecting 50.000 Yuan or more in service fees;

(4) where grave consequences result.

Where acts are carried out provided in the previous Paragraph, and quantities or values reach five times or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (3) of the above paragraph, “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law shall be established, where they reach 25 times or more the provided standards, “especially grave circumstances” shall be established.

Article 7: Where it is clearly known a website is obscene, and for the aim of profit, directly or indirectly funds are provided through inserting advertising or other methods, or expense settlement services are provided, and one of the following circumstances is present, the directly responsible controlling personnel or other directly responsible personnel are convicted and punished for the crime of producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information, according to the provisions of article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law:

(1) providing funds to obscene websites through inserting advertising or other methods to 10 or more obscene websites;

(2) inserting advertising into obscene websites more than 20 times;

(3) providing expense settlement services to obscene websites more than 10 times;

(4) providing funds to obscene websites through inserting advertising or other methods, with a value of 50.000 Yuan or more;

(5) providing expense settlement services to obscene websites, with a collected service fee value of 20.000 Yuan or more;

(6) where grave consequences result.

Where acts are carried out provided in the previous Paragraph, and quantities or values reach five times or more the standards provided in Clauses (1) to (5) of the above paragraph, “grave circumstances” as provided in Article 363 Paragraph 1 of the Criminal Law shall be established, where they reach 25 times or more the provided standards, “especially grave circumstances” shall be established.

Article 8: Where the acts provided in Article 4 to Article 7 are carried out, and one of the following circumstances is present, the actor shall be established as “clearly knowing”, except where evidence proves that they did not know.

(1) where the abovementioned acts are still carried out after notification in writing from administrative controlling organs;

(2) where legal management duties are not implemented after receiving reports;

(3) where Internet access, server entrustment, network storage space, communication and transmission channels, fee collection, expense settlement service and other services are provided to obscene websites, and the collected service fees are clearly higher than market value;

(4) where advertising is inserted into obscene websites, and the advertising clicking rate is clearly unusual;

(5) other circumstances in which the actor can be deemed to have clearly known.

Article 9: Those carrying out more than one act of producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information in one year without being punished, where the quantities or values constitute a crime in accumulation, shall be convicted and punished according to the law.

Article 10: Where work units carry out the crime of producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information, the directly responsible controlling personnel and other directly responsible personnel will be convicted and punished according to the conviction and penalty measurement standards corresponding to individual crimes provided in “Criminal Law of the People’s Republic of China” and the “Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information” and this Interpretation

Article 11: The People’s Courts shall comprehensively consider unlawful income, social harm, and other circumstances of those producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information with the aim of profit, and punish them with a fine or confiscation of assets according to the law. Fine amounts generally are more than one time but less than five times the unlawful income.

Article 12: Websites as named in the “Interpretation of Some Questions on Concretely Applicable Law in Handling Criminal Cases of Using the Internet or Mobile Communication Terminals and Voicemail Platforms to Produce, Reproduce, Publish, Peddle or Disseminate Obscene Electronic Information” and this Interpretation, refers to site points that can be visited through Internet domain names, IP addresses and other methods, with content.

Websites having the objective of producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information or mainly engaging in activities of producing, reproducing, printing, peddling or distributing  obscene electronic information after establishment, are obscene websites.

Article 13: Where judicial interpretations published earlier are inconsistent with this Interpretation, this Interpretation applies.

 

最高人民法院 最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释(二)

 

法释[2010]3号

 

 

(2010年1月18日最高人民法院审判委员会第1483次会议、2010年1月14日最高人民检察院第十一届检察委员会第28次会议通过)

 

 

中华人民共和国最高人民法院 中华人民共和国最高人民检察院

 

公 告

 

《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释(二)》已于2010年1月18日由最高人民法院审判委员会第1483次会议、2010年1月14日由最高人民检察院第十一届检察委员会第28次会议通过,现予公布,自2010年2月4日起施行。

 

中华人民共和国最高人民法院 中华人民共和国最高人民检察院

 

二○一○年二月二日

 

 

 

为依法惩治利用互联网、移动通讯终端制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息,通过声讯台传播淫秽语音信息等犯罪活动,维护社会秩序,保障公民权益,根据《中华人民共和国刑法》、《全国人民代表大会常务委员会关于维护互联网安全的决定》的规定,现对办理该类刑事案件具体应用法律的若干问题解释如下:

 

第一条 以牟利为目的,利用互联网、移动通讯终端制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息的,依照《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第一条、第二条的规定定罪处罚。

 

以牟利为目的,利用互联网、移动通讯终端制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播内容含有不满十四周岁未成年人的淫秽电子信息,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚:

 

(一)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电影、表演、动画等视频文件十个以上的;

 

(二)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽音频文件五十个以上的;

 

(三)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子刊物、图片、文章等一百件以上的;

 

(四)制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播的淫秽电子信息,实际被点击数达到五千次以上的;

 

(五)以会员制方式出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息,注册会员达一百人以上的;

 

(六)利用淫秽电子信息收取广告费、会员注册费或者其他费用,违法所得五千元以上的;

 

(七)数量或者数额虽未达到第(一)项至第(六)项规定标准,但分别达到其中两项以上标准一半以上的;

 

(八)造成严重后果的。

 

实施第二款规定的行为,数量或者数额达到第二款第(一)项至第(七)项规定标准五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。

 

第二条 利用互联网、移动通讯终端传播淫秽电子信息的,依照《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》第三条的规定定罪处罚。

 

利用互联网、移动通讯终端传播内容含有不满十四周岁未成年人的淫秽电子信息,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十四条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品罪定罪处罚:

 

(一)数量达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(五)项规定标准二倍以上的;

 

(二)数量分别达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(五)项两项以上标准的;

 

(三)造成严重后果的。

 

第三条 利用互联网建立主要用于传播淫秽电子信息的群组,成员达三十人以上或者造成严重后果的,对建立者、管理者和主要传播者,依照刑法第三百六十四条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品罪定罪处罚。

第四条 以牟利为目的,网站建立者、直接负责的管理者明知他人制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播的是淫秽电子信息,允许或者放任他人在自己所有、管理的网站或者网页上发布,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚:

 

(一)数量或者数额达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(六)项规定标准五倍以上的;

 

(二)数量或者数额分别达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(六)项两项以上标准二倍以上的;

 

(三)造成严重后果的。

 

实施前款规定的行为,数量或者数额达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(七)项规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准一百倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。

 

第五条 网站建立者、直接负责的管理者明知他人制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播的是淫秽电子信息,允许或者放任他人在自己所有、管理的网站或者网页上发布,具有下列情形之一的,依照刑法第三百六十四条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品罪定罪处罚:

 

(一)数量达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(五)项规定标准十倍以上的;

 

(二)数量分别达到第一条第二款第(一)项至第(五)项两项以上标准五倍以上的;

 

(三)造成严重后果的。

 

第六条 电信业务经营者、互联网信息服务提供者明知是淫秽网站,为其提供互联网接入、服务器托管、网络存储空间、通讯传输通道、代收费等服务,并收取服务费,具有下列情形之一的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以传播淫秽物品牟利罪定罪处罚:

 

(一)为五个以上淫秽网站提供上述服务的;

 

(二)为淫秽网站提供互联网接入、服务器托管、网络存储空间、通讯传输通道等服务,收取服务费数额在二万元以上的;

 

(三)为淫秽网站提供代收费服务,收取服务费数额在五万元以上的;

 

(四)造成严重后果的。

 

实施前款规定的行为,数量或者数额达到前款第(一)项至第(三)项规定标准五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。

 

第七条 明知是淫秽网站,以牟利为目的,通过投放广告等方式向其直接或者间接提供资金,或者提供费用结算服务,具有下列情形之一的,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员,依照刑法第三百六十三条第一款的规定,以制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽物品牟利罪的共同犯罪处罚:

 

(一)向十个以上淫秽网站投放广告或者以其他方式提供资金的;

 

(二)向淫秽网站投放广告二十条以上的;

 

(三)向十个以上淫秽网站提供费用结算服务的;

 

(四)以投放广告或者其他方式向淫秽网站提供资金数额在五万元以上的;

 

(五)为淫秽网站提供费用结算服务,收取服务费数额在二万元以上的;

 

(六)造成严重后果的。

 

实施前款规定的行为,数量或者数额达到前款第(一)项至第(五)项规定标准五倍以上的,应当认定为刑法第三百六十三条第一款规定的“情节严重”;达到规定标准二十五倍以上的,应当认定为“情节特别严重”。

第八条 实施第四条至第七条规定的行为,具有下列情形之一的,应当认定行为人“明知”,但是有证据证明确实不知道的除外:

 

(一)行政主管机关书面告知后仍然实施上述行为的;

 

(二)接到举报后不履行法定管理职责的;

 

(三)为淫秽网站提供互联网接入、服务器托管、网络存储空间、通讯传输通道、代收费、费用结算等服务,收取服务费明显高于市场价格的;

 

(四)向淫秽网站投放广告,广告点击率明显异常的;

 

(五)其他能够认定行为人明知的情形。

 

第九条 一年内多次实施制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息行为未经处理,数量或者数额累计计算构成犯罪的,应当依法定罪处罚。

 

第十条 单位实施制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息犯罪的,依照《中华人民共和国刑法》、《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》和本解释规定的相应个人犯罪的定罪量刑标准,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员定罪处罚,并对单位判处罚金。

 

第十一条 对于以牟利为目的,实施制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息犯罪的,人民法院应当综合考虑犯罪的违法所得、社会危害性等情节,依法判处罚金或者没收财产。罚金数额一般在违法所得的一倍以上五倍以下。

 

第十二条 《最高人民法院、最高人民检察院关于办理利用互联网、移动通讯终端、声讯台制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息刑事案件具体应用法律若干问题的解释》和本解释所称网站,是指可以通过互联网域名、IP地址等方式访问的内容提供站点。

 

以制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息为目的建立或者建立后主要从事制作、复制、出版、贩卖、传播淫秽电子信息活动的网站,为淫秽网站。

 

第十三条 以前发布的司法解释与本解释不一致的,以本解释为准。

 

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