Notice concerning Doing Work Involving Internet Café Copyright Dispute Cases Well

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(FF No. [2010]50)

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal Higher People’s Courts, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Higher People’s Court Production-Construction Corps Branch Court

In recent years, the number of cases where Internet cafés have been sued for infringement due to providing film and television works heard by People’s Courts at all levels has increased substantially, a number of new situations and new issues emerged that attracted great attention from relevant sides. In order to resolve present prominent problems existing in hearing copyright infringement cases involving Internet cafés, and appropriately hear this sort of cases well and according to the law, the following relevant matters are hereby notified as follows:

I, All levels’ People’s Courts must earnestly research and analyse the contributing factors to and present situation of the present rapid rise of copyright dispute cases involving Internet cafés, and when hearing this sort of cases, they must also, at the same time as vigorously supporting parties in defending their rights according to the law, pay attention to preventing the abuse of rights. Attention must be paid to dealing with the relationship between protection according to the law and appropriate protection well, it is necessary to both protect parties’ copyrights according to the law, in order to effectively stop acts of infringement, and to correctly determine the liability that Internet café operators and corresponding film and television work providers bear, attention must be paid to grasping judicial orientations and balancing of interests, vigorously stimulating information dissemination and standardizing dissemination order, and promoting the healthy development of the Internet culture industry.

II, We must vigorously explore effective channels to resolve disputes, and earnestly implement the work principle of “prioritizing mediation, integrating mediation and adjudication”. At the same time as strengthening litigation and mediation, vigorously promote the establishment of contradiction and dispute resolution mechanisms linking up litigation and non-litigation, give rein to the function of sector controlling departments and sector associations, adopt all sorts of measures to lead Internet café operators to standardize business activities, in order to reduce litigation, and safeguard social harmony and stability.

III, Where Internet café operators provide film or television works over which other persons enjoy copyright without permission and voluntarily through Internet cafés and infringe other persons’ right to dissemination through information networks, it shall be decided that they are to cease the infringement and compensate damage on the basis of the plaintiff’s litigation request. The determination of compensation amounts must be reasonable and appropriate, and must conform to the characteristics and reality of Internet café business operations, apart from considering the market influence, popularity, screening period and reasonable licensing use fees of film and television works involved in the case, consideration of the service price, scale, extent of subjective fault of the Internet café, as well as the nature and duration of the infringement, the number of hits or downloads of infringed works, local economic and cultural development situations and other factors shall be stressed.

Where laws and administrative regulations provide otherwise in relation to the circumstances in which Internet café operators bear liability for infringement, those provisions are to be implemented.

IV, Where Internet café operators can prove that the film and television works involved in the case have been obtained lawfully from film or television work providers having business qualifications, and they did not know and there was no reasonable reason that they should have known under the concrete circumstances at the time that the film or television works involved in the case infringed other persons’ right to dissemination through information networks, they do not bear civil liability for compensation of damage. But where Internet café operators do not timely adopt necessary measures after notification by rights holders, they shall bear corresponding civil liability for a broad part of the damage.

V, Where Internet café operators requests that the provider of the film or television works involved in the cases is added as a joint defendant, it may be decided on the basis of the concrete circumstances of the case whether or not they are added as litigation participants.

This Notice takes effect on the date of promulgation. If there are issues or new situations in implementation, please timely report this up the hierarchy to the Supreme People’s Court.

25 November 2010

法发〔2010〕50号

最高人民法院
关于做好涉及网吧著作权纠纷案件审判工作的通知

各省、自治区、直辖市高级人民法院,新疆维吾尔自治区高级人民法院生产建设兵团分院:
近年来,各级人民法院审理的网吧因提供影视作品被诉侵权的相关案件大幅增加,出现了一些新情况和新问题,引起有关方面的高度关注。为解决当前审理涉及网吧著作权纠纷案件中存在的突出问题,依法妥善审理好此类案件,现就有关事项通知如下:
一、各级人民法院要认真研究分析当前涉及网吧著作权纠纷案件急剧上升的成因和现状,在此类案件的审理中,在积极支持当事人依法维权的同时,也要注意防止滥用权利情形的发生。要注意处理好依法保护与适度保护的关系,既要依法保护当事人的著作权,有效制止侵权行为,又要正确确定网吧经营者和相关影视作品提供者的责任承担,注意把握司法导向和利益平衡,积极促进信息传播和规范传播秩序,推动相关互联网文化产业健康发展。
二、要积极探索有效解决纠纷的途径,认真贯彻“调解优先,调判结合”的工作原则。在加强诉讼调解的同时,积极推动建立诉讼与非诉讼相衔接的矛盾纠纷解决机制,发挥行业主管部门和行业协会的作用,采取各种措施引导网吧经营者规范经营行为,以减少诉讼,维护社会和谐稳定。
三、网吧经营者未经许可,通过网吧自行提供他人享有著作权的影视作品,侵犯他人信息网络传播权等权利的,应当根据原告的诉讼请求判决其停止侵权和赔偿损失。赔偿数额的确定要合理和适度,要符合网吧经营活动的特点和实际,除应考虑涉案影视作品的市场影响、知名度、上映档期、合理的许可使用费外,还应重点考虑网吧的服务价格、规模、主观过错程度以及侵权行为的性质、持续时间、对侵权作品的点击或下载数量、当地经济文化发展状况等因素。
法律、行政法规对网吧经营者承担侵权责任的情形另有规定的,按其规定执行。
四、网吧经营者能证明涉案影视作品是从有经营资质的影视作品提供者合法取得,根据取得时的具体情形不知道也没有合理理由应当知道涉案影视作品侵犯他人信息网络传播权等权利的,不承担赔偿损失的民事责任。但网吧经营者经权利人通知后,未及时采取必要措施的,应对损害的扩大部分承担相应的民事责任。
五、网吧经营者请求追加涉案影视作品提供者为共同被告的,可根据案件的具体情况决定是否追加其参加诉讼。
本通知自下发之日起执行。执行中如有问题和新情况,请及时层报最高人民法院。

二○一○年十一月二十五日

One thought on “Notice concerning Doing Work Involving Internet Café Copyright Dispute Cases Well

    Latest Updates | China Copyright and Media said:
    August 10, 2013 at 9:36 am

    […] Notice concerning Doing Work Involving Internet Café Copyright Dispute Cases Well (Supreme People’s Court – 2010) […]

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