Some Regulations Concerning Strictly Preventing False News Reporting

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Notice Concerning Printing and Issuance of the “Some Regulations Concerning Strictly Preventing False News Reports”

XCZF No. (2011)14

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal press and publication bureaus, the Xinjiang production-construction corps press and publications bureau, the Liberation Army’s General Political Department Propaganda Department Press and Publications Bureau, the all ministries and commissions of Central and State organs, all democratic parties, all people’s organization newspaper and periodical controlling departments, and the main Central news work units:

In recent times, under the influence of false network information, there is an upward tendency of false news or inaccurate reports in traditional media, which has to a certain extent damaged the image of the government, disordered news order and lowered the credibility of the media, with grave social reaction. In order to realistically safeguard the credibility of press and broadcast, prevent news fabrication from the source, the General Administration of Press and Publications has formulated the “Some Opinions Concerning Strictly Preventing False News Reports”, according to relevant State laws and administrative regulations, putting forward clear requirements in aspects such as rules basically standardizing press reporters’ newsgathering, standardizing press organs’ internal management, prevention and dealing with false and inaccurate reports, as well as corresponding responsibility investigation, etc. These are presently printed and issued to you, please implement them earnestly in integration with reality.

14 October 2011

Some Regulations Concerning Strictly Preventing False News Reporting

Truth is the basis of the life of news and the credibility of media, and is also a basic criterion for news workers. In order to prevent inaccurate reporting and stop false news, according to relevant State laws and administrative regulations, these Regulations are formulated.

Article 1: News reporters’ conducting newsgathering activities must abide by State laws and regulations, and are strictly prohibited to edit and release false news and inaccurate reports.

(1) All domestic news organs’ news journalists engaging in newsgathering activities must persist in gathering news with certification. The news reporter credentials approved and issued by the General Administration of Press and Publications is valid proof of the professional identity of news reporters nationwide, and is the only lawful credential for domestic news reporters engaging in newsgathering activities. News reporters shall actively display their news reporter credentials to the targets of their gathering during newsgathering activities to show their identity, and consciously accept social supervision.

(2) News reporters engaging in newsgathering and reporting must persist in the principles of truth, accuracy, completely, objectivity and fairness, deeply go into on-the spot investigation and research for news, fully understand the truth of the matter, completely hear opinions from all parties concerned in the news, objectively reflect facts and statements from all aspects corresponding to the event, and avoid to only use statements from one certain party concerned with the news or singular fact evidence.

(3) News journalists editing and issuing news reports must persist in seeking truth from facts, may not issue false news, are strictly prohibited to edit news on the basis of gossip or fabricate news details, may not transform or fabricate news facts by relying on subjective guesses, may not intentionally distort the truth of the matter, and may not conduct influence in order to change the truthfulness of news picture or news video content.

(4) News journalists reporting news events must persist in on-the-spot gathering, use information from authoritative channels or verifiable facts, and may not edit and release news on the basis of non-first hand material such as unverified social hearsay.

(5) News reporters conducting criticizing reports must at least have two or more different news sources, and after earnest verification preserve corresponding evidence from all sides, guarantee the truth, objectivity and accuracy of the news report, news analysis and discussion articles must achieve fair judgement and a correct orientation on the basis of accurate facts.

Article 2: News organs must establish and compete internal management systems for the prevention of false news.

(1) News organs must strictly standardize newsgathering and editing processes, establish and complete draft publication examination and verification system. Strictly implement news draft examination and verification executive editor systems and news draft publication editor-in-chief responsibility system, clarify the draft-checking responsibilities in all segments of gathering, editing and publishing, persist in “checking thrice, proofreading thrice”, earnestly examine and verify news sources and report content, guaranteeing press reports’ truthfulness, objectivity and accuracy.

(2) News organs must standardize the use of information sources. Regardless of whether it is self-gathered or transmitted news reporting, the source of the news information must be clearly indicated, and truthfully reflect the method in which the news was obtained. Apart from special circumstances, such as where it endangers State security or secrets, etc., news reports must indicate the full name, post and work unit name of the newsgathering reporter and the newsgathering target, and may not use concepts such as authoritative persons, related persons, informative persons, etc., to obscure the source of news information.

(3) news organs must strictly apply information systems for voluntary social contributions and the Internet, may not directly use unverified network information and mobile telephone information, and may not directly use unverified voluntary social contributions. Concerning information obtained through channels such as telephone, mail, microblogs, blogs, etc., if it has news value, news organs must before publishing send their own editing journalists to verify point for point that there are no mistakes, and only then may it be used.

(4) News organs must perfect news reprinting examination and verification management mechanisms. Reprinted or rebroadcast news reports must be verified in advance, guaranteeing that news fact sources are reliable, correct and without mistakes, and may only then be reprinted or rebroadcast, and the first issuing media must be accurately and clearly indicated. Unverified news reports may not be reprinted or rebroadcast, it is strictly prohibited to quote out of context during reprinting or rebroadcasting, distort original news report facts or change the original news report’s content without authorization.

(5) News organs must establish and complete news article signing rules. When publishing news reports, the newsgathering reporter and the responsible editor’s true names must be signed; no-one may sign a draft that was not edited personally; when publishing voluntary social contributions that have been verified, the true name of the writer must be signed.

(6) News organs must perfect public opinion polling results’ publishing systems. When publishing reports involving public opinion polling, authoritative standards and data sources must be used, and polling data such as network polling, polling among the people, random market interviews, etc., must be used cautiously, in the report, the polling commissioner, implementer, survey objective, overall survey, sampling methods, sample quantity, etc., must be indicated, and survey results objectively reflected.

)7) News organs must straiten personnel management systems, and persist in reporter and editor professional entry systems. They must timely arrange for corresponding credentials for professional qualifications such as news reporter credentials, etc., to reporters and editors meeting qualifications of their record and assessment. All editing personnel must be a personnel member having signed and employment contract with the news organ according to the “Labour Contract Law”, it is strictly prohibited for temporary personnel, journalists without credentials and editors without a job title to implement gathering tasks or take the role of an executive editor. It is prohibited to employ personnel  having bad professional activities or discipline in news gathering and editing or currently being in a professional limitation period to engage in newsgathering and editing work.

Article 3: News organs must establish and complete false and inaccurate reporting rectification and correction systems, and perfect false and inaccurate report responsibility investigation systems.

(1) News organs must establish and complete procedures and mechanisms for receiving masses’ reports, complaints, examination, punishment and feedback, and correctly deal with the problem of false and inaccurate reporting, earnestly hear opinions of parties concerned in news over news reporting content, accept complaints from the social public concerning news report content, seek truth from facts in verifying newsgathering and editing segments and newsgathering evidence, timely issue examination results and appropriately deal with disputes caused by news reports.

(2) News organs must establish correction mechanisms for false and inaccurate reporting. In every case where falsehoods or inaccuracies are found to exist in reports through investigation and examination, news organs shall timely publish a correction in that media, to eliminate their influence; where these lead to grave infringement of the lawful rights and interests of citizens, legal persons or other social organizations, organs shall bear civil responsibility according to the law, and pay compensation for damage.

(3) News organs must establish and perfect false and inaccurate reporting responsibility investigation mechanisms. Where news reporters’ newsgathering is not deep or editors’ gate keeping not strict, leading to inaccurate reporting, news organs must apologize openly through the media concerned, and investigate the responsibility of the corresponding responsible person; where news reports haven’ gathered news on-the-spot, and only rely on network information or gossip to edit false reports, news organs must openly apologize, the news organs’ controlling work unit must investigate the responsibility of the news organ’s main responsible person as well as corresponding responsible persons such as reporters, executive editors, leadership in charge, etc.; where false reports are deliberately concocted, creating evil social influence, damaging State interests and public interests, apart from strictly punishing the responsible person, news organs’ controlling work units must also investigate the responsibility of the news organ’s main responsible persons.

Article 4: Administrative press and publications departments must strengthen administrative supervision, and strictly investigate and prosecute false and inaccurate reporting damaging State interests and public interests.

(1) Where news organs and their news reporters violate these Regulations, the administrative press and publications department may adopt the following administrative measures, with regard to the gravity of the circumstances:

1: notification of criticism;

2: order to correct within a limited time;

3: order of open self-criticism;

4: order to news organs’ main responsible persons to take the blame and resign.

(2) Where news reporters edit and issue false news that damages State interests or the public interest, or publish inaccurate reports that create problems such as evil social influence, etc., the administrative press and publications department will impose a warning according to regulations and rules such as the “Publishing Management Regulations”, the “News Reporter Credential Management Rules”, etc.; where circumstances are grave, their news reporter credentials will be cancelled according to the law, notes will be entered of their bad practice, and they may not engage in newsgathering and editing work for five years; where it constitutes a crime, criminal responsibility will be investigated according to the law, and they may not engage in newsgathering and editing work for the rest of their life.

(3) Where news organs have one of the following acts, the provincial-level or higher administrative press and publications department will impose punishment according to rules and regulations such as the “Publishing Management Regulations”, the “News Reporter Credential Management Rules”, etc., where circumstances are grave, cessation of business for rectification or cancellation of publishing permits will be imposed:

1: publishing false news reports that damage State interests or the public interest, or publishing inaccurate reports that create evil social influence;

2. not having established or completed and implemented all newsgathering and management systems according to these Regulations;

3. refusing to publish apologies or corrections concerning confirmed false news reports;

4. not trying one’s best in management duties, causing that news organ’s professional personnel to violate relevant laws and regulations, and punished administratively by administrative press and publications departments or punished for criminal responsibility by judiciary organs.

Article 5: These Regulations take effect on the day of implementation.

关于印发《关于严防虚假新闻报道的若干规定》的通知
新出政发〔2011〕14号

各省、自治区、直辖市新闻出版局,新疆生产建设兵团新闻出版局,解放军总政治部宣传部新闻出版局,中央和国家机关各部委、各民主党派、各人民团体报刊主管部门,中央主要新闻单位:
最近一段时间以来,受网络虚假信息的影响,传统媒体虚假新闻、不实报道呈上升趋势,一定程度上损害了政府形象,扰乱了新闻秩序,降低了媒体公信力,社会反映强烈。为切实维护新闻传播公信力,从源头上防止新闻造假,新闻出版总署依据国家有关法规和行政规章,制定了《关于严防虚假新闻报道的若干规定》,从新闻记者采访基本规范、新闻机构内部管理规范、虚假失实报道的防范及处理规则以及相关责任追究等方面提出明确要求。现印发给你们,请结合实际认真贯彻执行。

二〇一一年十月十四日

关于严防虚假新闻报道的若干规定

真实是新闻的生命、媒体公信力的基础,也是新闻工作者基本准则。为防范失实报道,杜绝虚假新闻,依据国家有关法规和行政规章,制定本规定。
第一条新闻记者开展新闻采访活动必须遵守国家法律法规,严禁编发虚假新闻和失实报道。
(一)境内所有新闻机构的新闻记者从事新闻采访活动必须坚持持证采访。国家新闻出版总署核发的新闻记者证是全国新闻记者职务身份的有效证明,是境内新闻记者从事新闻采编活动的唯一合法证件。新闻记者在常规的新闻采访活动中应主动向采访对象出示新闻记者证表明身份,并自觉接受社会监督。
(二)新闻记者从事新闻采访报道必须坚持真实、准确、全面、客观、公正的原则,深入新闻现场调查研究,充分了解事实真相,全面听取新闻当事人各方意见,客观反映事件各相关方的事实与陈述,避免只采用新闻当事人中某一方的陈述或者单一的事实证据。
(三)新闻记者编发新闻报道必须坚持实事求是,不得发布虚假新闻,严禁依据道听途说编写新闻或者虚构新闻细节,不得凭借主观猜测改变或者杜撰新闻事实,不得故意歪曲事实真相,不得对新闻图片或者新闻视频的内容进行影响其真实性的修改。
(四)新闻记者报道新闻事件必须坚持实地采访,采用权威渠道消息或者可证实的事实,不得依据未经核实的社会传闻等非第一手材料编发新闻。
(五)新闻记者开展批评性报道至少要有两个以上不同的新闻来源,并在认真核实后保存各方相关证据,确保新闻报道真实、客观、准确,新闻分析及评论文章要在事实准确的基础上做到公正评判、正确引导。
第二条新闻机构要建立健全内部防范虚假新闻的管理制度。
(一)新闻机构要严格规范新闻采编流程,建立健全稿件刊播的审核制度。严格实行新闻稿件审核的责任编辑制度和新闻稿件刊播的总编辑负责制度,明确采编刊播流程各环节的审稿职责,坚持“三审三校”,认真核实新闻来源和报道内容,确保新闻报道真实、客观、准确。
(二)新闻机构要规范使用消息来源。无论是自采的还是转发的新闻报道,都必须注明新闻消息来源,真实反映获取新闻的方式。除危害国家安全、保密等特殊原因外,新闻报道须标明采访记者和采访对象的姓名、职务和单位名称,不得使用权威人士、有关人士、消息人士等概念模糊新闻消息来源。
(三)新闻机构要严格使用社会自由来稿和互联网信息制度,不得直接使用未经核实的网络信息和手机信息,不得直接采用未经核实的社会自由来稿。对于通过电话、邮件、微博客、博客等传播渠道获得的信息,如有新闻价值,新闻机构在刊播前必须派出自己的编辑记者逐一核实无误后方可使用。
(四)新闻机构必须完善新闻转载的审核管理制度。转载、转播新闻报道必须事先核实,确保新闻事实来源可靠、准确无误后方可转载、转播,并注明准确的首发媒体。不得转载、转播未经核实的新闻报道,严禁在转载转播中断章取义,歪曲原新闻报道事实,擅自改变原新闻报道内容。
(五)新闻机构要建立健全新闻作品的署名规则。刊播新闻报道必须署采访记者和责任编辑的真实姓名;不是亲自采编的稿件不得署名;刊播经核实的社会自由来稿应署作者的真实姓名。
(六)新闻机构必须完善民意调查结果的刊播制度。刊播涉及民意调查的报道,要使用权威规范的数据来源,谨慎使用网络调查、民间调查、市场随机访问等调查数据,报道中要说明调查的委托者、执行者、调查目的、调查总体、抽样方法、样本数量等,客观反映调查结果。
(七)新闻机构要严格人事管理制度,坚持新闻记者、编辑职业准入制度。要及时为通过考录和考评合格的记者、编辑办理新闻记者证等从业资格相关证件。所有采编人员必须是与新闻机构依照《劳动合同法》签订聘用合同的人员,严禁临时人员、无证记者和无职称的编辑执行采访任务或者担任责任编辑。严禁聘用有新闻采编不良从业行为记录且正处于限制从业期限的人员从事新闻采编工作。
第三条新闻机构要建立健全虚假失实报道的纠错和更正制度,完善虚假失实报道的责任追究制度。
(一)新闻机构要建立健全受理公众举报、投诉、核查、处置和反馈工作的程序机制,正确对待虚假失实报道问题,认真听取新闻当事人对新闻报道内容的意见,受理社会公众对新闻报道内容的投诉,实事求是核查新闻采编环节和采访证据,及时公布核查结果,妥善处理新闻报道引起的纠纷。
(二)新闻机构要建立虚假失实报道的更正制度。凡经调查核实认定报道存在虚假或者失实的,新闻机构应当在本媒体上及时发表更正,消除影响;致使公民、法人或者其他社会组织的合法权益受到侵害的,应当依法承担民事责任,赔偿损失。
(三)新闻机构要建立健全虚假失实报道责任追究制度。对新闻记者采访不深入、编辑把关不严导致报道失实的,新闻机构要通过本媒体公开道歉,并追究相关责任人责任;对新闻记者未实地采访,仅凭网络信息或者道听途说编写虚假报道的,新闻机构要公开道歉,新闻机构的主管单位要追究新闻机构主要负责人以及记者、责任编辑、分管领导等相关责任人的责任;对蓄意炒作虚假新闻造成恶劣社会影响、损害国家利益和公共利益的,除严肃处理责任人外,新闻机构的主管单位还要追究新闻机构主要负责人责任。
第四条新闻出版行政部门要加强行政监督,严肃查处损害国家利益和公共利益的虚假失实报道。
(一)新闻机构及其新闻记者违反本规定的,新闻出版行政部门视其情节轻重,可采取下列行政措施:
1.通报批评;
2.责令限期更正;
3.责令公开检讨;
4.责令新闻机构主要负责人引咎辞职。
(二)新闻记者编发虚假新闻损害国家利益、公共利益的或者发表失实报道造成恶劣社会影响等问题的,由新闻出版行政部门依据《出版管理条例》、《新闻记者证管理办法》等法规规章给予警告;情节严重的,依法吊销其新闻记者证,并列入不良从业行为记录,5年内不得从事新闻采编工作;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任,终身不得从事新闻采编工作。
(三)新闻机构有下列行为之一的,由省级以上新闻出版行政部门依据《出版管理条例》、《新闻记者证管理办法》等法规规章给予处罚,情节严重的依法给予停业整顿或者吊销出版许可证:
1.刊播虚假新闻损害国家利益、公共利益或者发表失实报道造成恶劣社会影响的;
2.未按本规定建立健全并实施各项新闻采编管理制度的;
3.拒绝对已确认的虚假新闻报道发表道歉、更正的;
4.未尽到管理职责,致使本新闻机构从业人员违反有关法律规定,被新闻出版行政部门给予行政处罚的或者被司法机关追究刑事责任的。
第五条本规定自发布之日起施行。

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