Liu Yunshan makes clear what CCP cultural policy is about

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Furthering the cultural construction wave, a book has been published (electronic version) that collects important speeches and statements by all party chiefs from Mao until Hu, concerning the important position of culture in the People’s Republic. At the launch seminar, CPD chief Liu Yunshan delivered a speech on the importance of the book and the underlying theme of cultural reform in the Chinese political constellation. This speech has now been published in “Seeking Truth”, which already published Hu Jintao’s earlier culture-related address. Full translation:

Deeply studying the Party’s cultural construction theory
Promoting the implementation of the spirit of the 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress

With Central approval, the Central Propaganda Department and the Central Literature Research Centre have selected and published “On Cultural Construction – Extracts of Important Discussions” (hereafter simply named “Extracts”). This is an important step in strengthening the study of the Party’s cultural construction theory, and is also an important work in deeply implementing the spirit of the 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress, and further moving cultural flourishing and development forward. The “Extract” include important discussions by Comrades Mao Zedong, Deng Xiaoping, Jiang Zemin, and Hu Jintao concerning cultural construction, concentrating the untiring exploration of different generations of CCP personalities concerning Socialist culture construction, and has reflected the rich theoretical achievements our party has obtained in the sphere of cultural construction, and is a strong guideline for realization. These important discussions have been shaped in different periods, and all persist in the Marxist position, the basic point of view of everything for the sake of the broadest people runs through it, the basic methods of dialectical materialism and historical materialism run through it, they are derived from the same origin but also move ahead in step with the time, are closely connected but each is also rich in original ideas, they have become the core content of the Party’s cultural construction theory, have become important component parts of the Party’s overall theoretical system, they are a spiritual wealth that is utterly precious for our party, it is a strong ideological weapon for moving cultural reform and development forward, and making Socialist culture flourish. These important discussions fully reflect that our party is a Marxist party with a high level of cultural consciousness and cultural self-confidence, is a party that raises high the banner of advanced culture and persists in lofty cultural ideals, is a party that has profound cultural vision, and broadens cultural minds, and is a party that courageously conducts cultural exploration, and it good at grasping cultural rules.

Since the 6the Plenum of the 17th Party Congress, the entire Party and society have made studying, propagating and implementing the Plenum’s spirit as an important political task, have given it high regard in their though, highly conscious in their action, and have forcefully moved forward in their work. Generally, the state of study, propaganda and implementation of the Plenum’s spirit is very good, and the achievements are clear. The cultural consciousness and the cultural self confidence of the entire Party and the entire society have rise, the broad cadres and masses have closely followed cultural construction, and have thrown themselves into an enthusiastic and unprecedented surge of cultural construction, this is an incessant process of deepening understanding, and we must persist in unremittingly use the Party’s cultural construction theory to unify thoughts and concentrate consensus. The publication of the “Extract” has provided authoritative teaching materials for studying the Party’s cultural construction theory, and has provided an important path to follow in studying and implementing the Plenum’s spirit. Studying, propagating and applying the “Extract” well has an important significance in implementing the Plenum’s spirit. We must, with the publication of the “Extract” as juncture, closely integrate Party leaders and the people to conduct vivid practice of cultural construction, closely integrate the concrete reality of cultural reform and development, incessantly deepen study and understanding of the Party’s cultural construction theory, even better use Parry theory to arm minds with the achievements of innovation and guide practice, stimulate the grand development and grand flourishing of Socialist culture.

1. Deeply understanding our Party’s important ideology concerning the place and function of cultural construction, firmly establishing high levels of cultural consciousness and cultural self-confidence. Culture is the lifeblood of the nation, the spiritual garden of the people and is the banner of parties. As a Marxist party, our Party completely persists in promoting the forward development of Party and people’s undertakings with a new cultural awakening, new achievements in theoretical creation and new achievements in cultural construction. During the era of revolution and war, our Party put forward that culture is a reflection of politics and the economy, and at the same time also guides the practice political and economic struggle. During the time of Socialist construction, out Party clearly put forward that “We must make our country, with its backward economy and backward culture, into a well-off and prosperous country with a high cultural level.” Entering the new period of reform and opening-up our Party repeatedly emphasized that “We must not only give high regard to material civilization, but we must also pay high regard to spiritual civilization” Entering the new century and a new phase, our Party further puts forward: “Culture is an important source for national cohesion and creativity, it is an important factor in comprehensive national strength, and an important pillar for social development.” These important discussions have manifested the initiative taken on by different generations of Chinese communist concerning the historical task of developing culture. The new development of the 6ht Plenum of the 17th Party Congress, based on the times and practice, clearly put forward the fostering of high levels of cultural consciousness and cultural self-confidence, and have further deepened our Party’s understanding of the position and function of culture, and have reflected the strategic vision, foresight and sagacity of our Party.

Cultural consciousness and cultural self-confidence reflect the idealistic pursuit and spiritual attitude of a party, and is an important sign of whether a party is mature or has vitality. To deeply implement the Plenum’s spirit, the first thing to do is to raise understanding of the position and culture of function, preserve strong cultural self-confidence and a sense of pride, and establish lofty cultural beliefs and cultural pursuits. We must even more consciously understand that Socialist advanced culture is a banner for Marxist party ideology and spirit, completely persist in the correct orientation of cultural development, strive to build spiritual culture high grounds, fully unfold the strong inspiration and attraction of advanced culture. We must even more consciously understand that cultural construction is an important component part of the overall picture of the Socialist cause with Chinese characteristics, concerns the historical process of realizing the complete construction of a relatively well-off society and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, putting cultural construction in the middle of the larger picture to understand and grasp it, lets culture truly become a strong force in promoting economic and social development, and become an important driver for social civilization progress. We must even more consciously understand the unique function of culture in comprehensive national strength, vigorously occupy the commanding heights of cultural development, incessantly strengthen national cultural soft power, and expand the international influence of Chinese culture.

2. Deeply understanding the important ideology of our Party concerning the struggle objectives of cultural construction, further strengthening the pursuit of the goal to construct a strong Socialist culture country. In the long-term practice of revolution, construction and reform, our Party has always integrated its own history obligation, and put forward cultural development objectives conforming to the development requirements of the times. The “Extract’s” important discussions concerning the struggle objectives of cultural construction have concentratedly reflected the cultural ideals that different generations of Communist have diligently pursued, and has vividly reflected the ideological orbit of the Party’s leading the people in moving cultural construction forward. Comrade Mao Zedong already predicted earlier: following the arrival of a high tide of economic construction, a high tide of cultural construction will unavoidably also emerge. Comrade Deng Xiaoping cited this statement of Comrade Mao Zedong and put forward: we may say, full of confidence, the emergence of this sort of situation is not far off. Comrade Jiang Zemin emphasized: in the great struggle of the modern Chinese people, we will inevitably meet a new high tide of Socialist culture construction, and create even more magnificent advanced culture.

Comrade Hu Jintao put forward: the grand rejuvenation of the Chinese nation certainly will follow in the wake of the flourishing and ascendance of Chinese culture, we must even more consciously and actively promote the grand development and grand flourishing of culture. The 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress holds on to our Party’s lofty cultural ideals, grasps cultural development tendencies, surveys the prospects of cultural development,  has put forward struggle objectives for constructing a strong Socialist culture county, and has painted a magnificent blueprint for cultural flourishing and development.

The objectives of constructing a strong Socialist culture country are matched with our country’s profound cultural underpinnings and rich cultural resources, undertake the objectives of constructing a  prosperous, strong, democratic and civilized modernized Socialist country, and have a major immediate significance and a long-term strategic significance. This is a compelling struggle objective, and has complied with the new shifts in the development of domestic and foreign circumstances, has complied with the new expectations of the peoples of all ethnicities concerning spiritual culture, has revealed our country’s glorious prospect of cultural flourishing and ascendancy, requires us to incessantly use these objectives to hearten people’s hearts, further  arouses the enthusiasm of the entire Party and society to throw themselves into cultural construction, concentrates strong forces to promote cultural reform and development, and incessantly initiates new dimensions in cultural construction. This is an objective to completely develop the glamour and strength of Chinese culture, and requires us to closely follow and develop in step with the times, stand in the forward position of the progress of global civilization, not forget our origins, attract the external, fix eyes on the future, forcefully develop advanced Socialist culture that faces modernization, faces the world and faces the future, that belongs to the people, to science and to the masses, making Chinese culture have strong attraction and influence, strong vitality and creativity, strong strength and competitiveness. This is an objective for which we must struggle a long time, it requires us to base ourselves on the present, and fix eyes on the long term, persevere and strive untiringly, develop work with a spirit of making the best use of our time, implement all tasks in cultural reform and development with a strong sense of responsibility and a sense of mission, establishing a solid basis for constructing a strong Socialist culture country.

3. Deeply understand our Party’s important ideology concerning cultural construction policies and principles, incessantly expand the broad prospects of the development path of Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. Persisting in which kinds of policies and which kinds of principles directly relates to the nature and orientation of cultural development. In the long-term historical practice, our Party has progressively established a set of policies and principles concerning cultural construction: persisting in serving the People and serving Socialism, letting a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools contend; persisting in grasping with both hands, and both hands must be strong, facing modernization, facing the world and facing the future; persisting in unity, stability and enthusiasm, positive propaganda having first place, carrying forward the main melody and advocating diversity; persisting in putting people first, sticking close to reality, sticking close to life and sticking close to the masses, and so on. These deeply reveal the inherent rules of our country’s cultural development, and are effective policies and principles proven in practice. Exactly under the guidance of these policies and principles, our country’s cultural constructions has obtained major historical achievements, and has walked a development path of Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics. The 6ht Plenum of the 17th Party Congress has deeply elaborated the basic content of this path on the basis of deeply summarizing historical experience and new practice, and has clearly put forward practice requirements to enrich and expand this path.

The development path of Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics is the single correct path for constructing advanced Socialist culture and realizing the flourishing and ascendance of Chinese culture, it includes the basic nature, basic objectives and basic drivers of cultural construction, and has provided for the basic properties of our country’s culture and  for a basic path to follow in cultural work. We must deeply grasp the basic requirements of the development path of Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, persist in walking the path of advanced culture, with Marxism as guidance, persist in the correct cultural position and cultural orientation, clearly understand the numerous and complicated social cultural phenomena, guarantee that cultural construction develops along the correct orientation; persist in walking the path of scientific development, use the scientific development view to command cultural construction, with scientific development as theme, let the concepts of scientific development run through all aspects and segments of cultural work; persist in walking the path of strengthening the basis and consolidating the basis, making the Socialist core value system into a basic project, strengthening ideals and concepts, building spiritual forces, incessantly consolidating the common ideological band moral basis of the united struggle of the people; persist in walking the path of putting people first, give rein to the main function of the people in cultural construction, persist in cultural development being for the people, cultural development relying on the people, cultural development achievements being shared by the people; persist in walking the path of reform and innovation, arousing the vitality of cultural creation, liberating and developing cultural productive forces, and incessantly starting new dimensions in Socialist culture constructions with a spirit of moving in step with the times.

4. Deeply understand our Party’s important ideology concerning the basic tasks concerning cultural construction, forcefully move the construction of a Socialist core value system forward. The Socialist core value system is the spirit of rejuvenating the country, is the root of cultural construction, and decides the development direction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Comrade Mao Zedong put forward that our Party must have a “common language”, and our Socialist country must have a “uniform determination”. Comrade Deng Xiaoping emphasized to “rely on ideals, rely on strong convictions, and all difficulties can be overcome.” Comrade Jiang Zemin stressed that “one nation, one country, if there is no spiritual pillar, that’s as if there is no spirit, and it may lose cohesion and vitality”. Comrade Hu Jintao put forward that “the Socialist core value system is the essential embodiment of the Socialist ideology”, “and is the lead and guidance for our country’s Socialist culture.” give high regard to concentrating common determination and strengthen forces, become a basic guarantee for our Party’s incessantly seizing victories. The 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress has made constructing a Socialist core value system a basic task in cultural construction, has conducted systematic elaboration and complete deployment, has clearly answered with which ideology and spirit our Party will lead the progress of the people under new historical conditions, and with which spiritual bearing the Chinese nation will tower over the forest of the nations of the world.

Facing all sorts of ideological exchange, mingling and confrontation in the global scope, and facing the diversification, variation and change of social ideology, urgently requires us to use the effective channel of the Socialist value system to guide the society’s ideological trends, raise  the guiding strength and comprehensive strength of mainstream ideology and culture, and to the largest extent broaden the identification of social ideology. We must deeply understand the importance and urgency of moving the construction of a Socialist core value system forward, cast a spirit to rejuvenate the country, inherit the quintessence of culture, strengthen the pursuit of objectives, use the Socialist core value system to gather minds and concentrate spirits, strive to lead in diversity and find consensus in variety. We must closely integrate the facts of ideology and moral construction, persist in unremittingly use the newest achievements of Marxism’s sinicization to arm the whole Party and educate the people, use the common ideals of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to concentrate forces, use a national spirit with patriotism at the core and a zeitgeist with reform and innovation at the core to enhance troop morale, use the Socialist view of honour and shame to guide social trends. We must persist in unifying thoughts and actions, stress practice and cultivation, merge the Socialist core value system into the whole process of national education, spiritual civilization construction and part construction, let it run through all areas of reform, opening up and the construction of Socialist modernization, reflect it in all aspects of spiritual culture product creation, production and dissemination, letting it become a conscious pursuit and real action of the whole people.

5. Deeply understand the important ideology of our Party concerning cultural development drivers, promoting cultural flourishing and development with a spirit of reform and innovation. Reform and innovation is an endlessly multiplying source of vitality in national culture, and is a key place for promoting cultural flourishing and development. In the process of leading cultural construction processes, our Party has put forward a series of important ideologies concerning issues of the drivers of cultural development, has completely stressed the need to make the past serve the present, make the foreign serve Chinese, pushing out the old to get the new; has stressed the necessity to grasp the requirements of the times and fix eyes on new practice, vigorously conducting cultural innovation, and realizing culture to move with the time; has stressed that culture is the area that requires innovation most, that reform is the only way to develop culture, that we must persist in liberating thoughts, boldly innovate, and stimulate development and flourishing with reform. The spirit of reform and innovation ran through 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress, which, starting from the even higher starting point of cultural development, starting from the even higher objective of constructing a strong Socialist culture country, has put forward new requirements concerning deepening cultural structure reform, moving cultural innovation forward, liberating and developing cultural productive forces, and have pointed the orientation for strengthening the vitality of cultural development drivers.

At present, our country’s cultural structural reform has already entered the new phase of overall deepening, cultural development has already entered a new period of acceleration and moving forward, consolidate desirable situations, analyze and explain problems in our progress, the basic path is still to rely on reform and innovation. We must persist in making transforming concepts into a master switch, making deepening reform into a strong driver, making tenacious innovation into an untiring pursuit, persist in liberating thoughts, seeking truth from facts, moving in step with the time, and let the spirit of reform and innovation run through the entire process of cultural construction. We must forcefully move cultural structure and mechanism reform and innovation forward, deepen cultural management mechanism reform, innovate models for culture to march out, get rid of structural and mechanistic obstacles hindering cultural development, strive to build structures and mechanism full of vitality, rich in effectiveness, that are even more open and benefit cultural scientific development. We must persist in  the orientation being the soul, content being king, and creativity getting the upper hand, forcefully move forward innovation of cultural content models, and innovation of methods and means, move forward the merging of culture and high or new technology, incessantly raise the creation capacity of culture, strengthen the zeitgeist and attractiveness of culture. We must promote reform to obtain new progress in focus areas and key segments, expand strength, accelerate advance, consolidate improvements, focus on prominent points, and move forward all-round, deepen State-owned commercial culture work unit to transform into enterprises, deepen the reform of public interest-type culture work units, complete the phase-bound reform tasks determined by the Centre on time, and even better stimulate the grand flourishing and development of cultural undertakings and cultural industries.

6. Deeply understand our Party’s important ideology concerning the basic guarantees of cultural construction, promote cultural reform and development during strengthening and improving Party leadership. The Party managing ideology and the Party managing propaganda and culture is an important principle shaped through our Party’s long-term practice. Our Party has hitherto given high regard to leadership in cultural work, and during the different stages of the development of our cause, has put forward its own cultural programmes, cultural objectives and cultural policies, and forcefully promoted even higher requirements. Under these circumstances, how to closely grasp the initiative in cultural work or grasp the leadership of cultural reform and development is a great and urgent topic. The 6ht Plenum of the 17th Party Congress has clearly pointed out, strengthening and improving Party leadership over cultural work, is a basic guarantee for moving cultural reform and development forward, and is an intrinsic requirement for strengthening the Party’s governing capacity construction and advance construction, we must start from the larger strategic picture, grasp cultural development rules, complete leadership mechanisms, improve work methods and mechanisms, and strengthen leadership skills for cultural construction.

Only after grasping leadership power, is there the power for initiative. All levels’ Party Committees and governments must realistically put cultural construction in an important position in their overall work, bring it into overall economic and social development plans, bring it into scientific development appraisal and assessment systems, research deployment, organize implementation and supervise examination together with economic and social development, guarantee that the objectives, tasks and policy measures for cultural reform and development are satisfactorily implemented. We must make cultural flourishing and development into a basic requirement for implementing the scientific development view, and make it into an important content for persisting in developing being a hard rationale, and developing being the first task in Party governance rejuvenating the country, grasp cultural construction like grasping economic construction, grasp cultural structure reform like grasping economic structure reform, and grasp focus cultural programmes like grasping focus economic projects. We must raise the scientific level of leading culture reform and development, persist in guaranteeing with scientific systems, and moving forward with scientific methods, use thought methods and measures conforming to cultural development rules even better to lead culture work. We must consciously implement the Party mass line, and resolve basic questions of “for whose sake, on whom to rely, and who are we”, giving rein to creative spirits and main functions, even better mustering the vigour and creativity of cultural workers and the whole society in promoting cultural reform. We must firmly establish the idea that talent is the first resource, persist in respecting labour, respecting knowledge, respecting talent and respecting creation, expand policy support, create desirable environments, and shape vivid circumstances for people putting their talent to full use and all talent being fully applied, strive to create a batch of influential cultural artist, cultural masters and leading personalities in all fields, construct a line of grand cultural talent teams adapted to cultural flourishing and development, and the requirements of constructing a strong Socialist culture country.

Our Party’s ideological system concerning cultural construction is rich, and completing study, propaganda and application work of the “Extract” is utterly important. We must make studying the “Extract” into an important content for moving forward study-related Party organization construction, bring it into central organization study plans, make it into an important material for higher education institutes and Party schools to conduct ideological and theoretical education, and make it into an important content to conduct propaganda speeches for grass-roots cadres and the masses. We must revolve around our Party’s important discussions concerning cultural construction, organize expert academics to deeply research major theoretical and real problems in the cultural areas, research general, strategic and forward-looking issues relating to cultural development, timely distilling experience from practice into theoretical achievements, incessantly enriching and developing theory for Socialist culture with Chinese characteristics, and provide scientific principle support to move forward cultural construction. We must integrate the study and application of the “Extract”, realistically strengthen propaganda and explanation of Party culture construction theory, strengthen propaganda and explanation of the centre’s policy decisions and deployment concerning cultural construction, strengthen propaganda and explanation of cultural reform and development progress and achievements, promote the spirit of the 6th Plenum of the 17th Party Congress to be deeply implemented with a desirable public opinion environment, and promote the rising of a new high tide of Socialist culture construction

(This text is the speech delivered by CCP Central Committee Political Bureau Member, Central Committee Secretariat Secretary and Central Propaganda Department Director Liu Yunshan on 15 February 2012 at the forum concerning publication of “On Cultural Construction – Extracts of Important Discussions”. Revisions have been made at the time of publishing)

深入学习党的文化建设理论
推动十七届六中全会精神贯彻落实

经中央批准,由中央宣传部和中央文献研究室选编出版了《论文化建设——重要论述摘编》(以下简称《摘编》)。这是加强党的文化建设理论学习的重要举措,也是深入贯彻落实党的十七届六中全会精神、进一步推进文化繁荣发展的重要工作。《摘编》收录了毛泽东、邓小平、江泽民、胡锦涛同志关于文化建设的重要论述,凝聚着几代中国共产党人对社会主义文化建设规律的不懈探索,反映了我们党在文化建设领域取得的丰硕理论成果,具有很强的现实指导性。这些重要论述形成于不同时期,都坚持马克思主义立场,贯穿一切为了最广大人民的根本观点,贯穿辩证唯物主义和历史唯物主义的基本方法,一脉相承而又与时俱进,紧密联系而又各富创见,成为党的文化建设理论的核心内容,成为党的整个理论体系的重要组成部分,是我们党十分宝贵的精神财富,是推进文化改革发展、繁荣社会主义文化的强大思想武器。这些重要论述充分反映我们党是一个有高度文化自觉、文化自信的马克思主义政党,是一个高扬先进文化旗帜、坚持崇高文化理想的政党,是一个具有深邃文化眼光、宽广文化胸怀的政党,是一个勇于进行文化探索、善于把握文化规律的政党。

党的十七届六中全会以来,全党全社会把学习宣传贯彻全会精神作为重要政治任务,思想上高度重视,行动上高度自觉,工作上大力推进。总的看,学习宣传贯彻全会精神态势很好、效果显著,全党全社会的文化自觉文化自信得到提升,广大干部群众关注文化建设、投身文化建设的热情空前高涨,文化改革发展的政策条件不断完善、社会氛围更加浓厚。深入贯彻落实党的十七届六中全会精神,是一个不断深化认识的过程,需要坚持不懈地用党的文化建设理论统一思想、凝聚共识。《摘编》的出版,为学习党的文化建设理论提供了权威教材,为学习贯彻全会精神提供了重要遵循。学习好、宣传好、使用好《摘编》,对于深入落实全会精神有着重要意义。要以《摘编》出版为契机,紧密联系党领导人民进行文化建设的生动实践,紧密联系文化改革发展的具体实际,不断深化对党的文化建设理论的学习理解,更好地用党的理论创新成果武装头脑、指导实践,促进社会主义文化大发展大繁荣。

1.深刻理解我们党关于文化建设地位作用的重要思想,牢固树立高度的文化自觉文化自信。文化是民族的血脉,是人民的精神家园,也是政党的旗帜。作为马克思主义政党,我们党始终坚持以思想文化新觉醒、理论创造新成果、文化建设新成就,推动党和人民事业向前发展。在革命战争年代,我们党提出,文化是政治和经济的反映,同时又指导政治和经济斗争实践。在社会主义建设时期,我们党明确提出,“要把我们这个经济落后、文化落后的国家,建设成为富裕的、强盛的、具有高度文化的国家。”进入改革开放新时期,我们党反复强调,“不但要有高度的物质文明,而且要有高度的精神文明。”进入新世纪新阶段,我们党进一步提出,“文化是民族凝聚力和创造力的重要源泉,是综合国力竞争的重要因素,是经济社会发展的重要支撑。”这些重要论述,彰显了几代中国共产党人对发展文化历史责任的主动担当。党的十七届六中全会立足时代和实践的新发展,鲜明提出培养高度的文化自觉和文化自信,进一步深化了我们党对文化地位作用的认识,体现了我们党的战略眼光和远见卓识。

文化自觉、文化自信,反映着一个政党的理想追求和精神面貌,是一个政党是否成熟、是否有生命力的重要标志。深入贯彻落实全会精神,首要的就是提高对文化地位作用的认识,保持强烈的文化自信心和自豪感,坚定崇高的文化信念和文化追求。要更加自觉地认识到社会主义先进文化是马克思主义政党思想精神上的旗帜,始终坚持文化发展的正确方向,努力构筑精神文化高地,充分展现先进文化的强大感召力和吸引力。要更加自觉地认识到文化建设是中国特色社会主义事业总体布局的重要组成部分,关系实现全面建设小康社会和中华民族复兴的历史进程,把文化建设放在全局中来认识来把握,让文化真正成为推动经济社会发展的强大力量,成为促进社会文明进步的重要引擎。要更加自觉地认识到文化在综合国力竞争中的独特作用,积极抢占文化发展的制高点,不断增强国家文化软实力,扩大中华文化国际影响力。

2.深刻理解我们党关于文化建设奋斗目标的重要思想,进一步坚定建设社会主义文化强国的目标追求。在长期的革命、建设和改革实践中,我们党总是结合自己的历史使命,提出符合时代发展要求的文化发展目标。《摘编》关于文化建设奋斗目标的重要论述,集中体现了几代中国共产党人孜孜追求的文化理想,生动反映了党领导人民推进文化建设的思想轨迹。毛泽东同志早就预言:随着经济建设的高潮到来,不可避免地将要出现一个文化建设的高潮。邓小平同志曾引用毛泽东同志这一论断并指出:我们可以满怀信心地说,这种形势的出现已经为期不远。江泽民同志强调:在当代中国人民的伟大奋斗中,必将迎来社会主义文化建设的新高潮,创造出更加灿烂的先进文化。胡锦涛同志指出:中华民族伟大复兴必然伴随着中华文化繁荣兴盛,要更加自觉、更加主动地推动文化大发展大繁荣。党的十七届六中全会秉持我们党崇高的文化理想,把握文化发展趋势,展望文化发展前景,提出建设社会主义文化强国的奋斗目标,描绘了文化繁荣发展的宏伟蓝图。

建设社会主义文化强国的目标,与我国深厚文化底蕴和丰富文化资源相匹配,与建设富强民主文明和谐的社会主义现代化国家目标相承接,具有重大的现实意义和长远的战略意义。这是一个催人奋进的目标,顺应了国内外形势发展的新变化,顺应了各族人民精神文化的新期待,展示了我国文化繁荣兴盛的美好前景,要求我们不断用这一目标鼓舞人心,进一步激发全党全社会投身文化建设的热情,凝聚起推动文化改革发展的强大力量,不断开创文化建设的新局面。这是一个全面展现中华文化魅力和实力的目标,要求我们紧跟时代发展步伐,站在世界文明进步前沿,不忘本来、吸收外来、着眼将来,大力发展面向现代化、面向世界、面向未来的,民族的科学的大众的社会主义先进文化,使中华文化具有强大的吸引力影响力、强大的活力创造力、强大的实力竞争力。这是一个需要长期为之奋斗的目标,要求我们立足当前、着眼长远,持之以恒、不懈努力,以只争朝夕的精神开展工作,以强烈的责任感使命感落实好文化改革发展的各项任务,为建设社会主义文化强国奠定坚实基础。

3.深刻理解我们党关于文化建设方针原则的重要思想,不断开拓中国特色社会主义文化发展道路的广阔前景。坚持什么样的方针、什么样的原则,直接关系着文化发展的性质和方向。在长期历史实践中,我们党逐步确立了一整套关于文化建设的方针原则:坚持为人民服务、为社会主义服务,实行百花齐放、百家争鸣;坚持两手抓、两手都要硬,面向现代化、面向世界、面向未来;坚持团结稳定鼓劲、正面宣传为主,弘扬主旋律、提倡多样化;坚持以人为本,贴近实际、贴近生活、贴近群众,等等。这些都是对我国文化发展内在规律的深刻揭示,都是实践证明行之有效的方针原则。正是在这些方针原则指导下,我国文化建设取得重大历史性成就,走出了一条中国特色社会主义文化发展道路。党的十七届六中全会在深刻总结历史经验和新的实践的基础上,深刻阐述了这条道路的基本内涵,明确提出丰富拓展这条道路的实践要求。

中国特色社会主义文化发展道路是建设社会主义先进文化、实现中华文化繁荣兴盛的唯一正确道路,涵盖了文化建设的根本性质、根本目的、根本动力,规定了我国文化的基本属性和文化工作的基本遵循。要深刻把握中国特色社会主义文化发展道路的基本要求,坚持走先进文化之路,以马克思主义为指导,坚守正确的文化立场、文化取向,清醒认识纷繁复杂的社会文化现象,确保文化建设沿着正确方向发展;坚持走科学发展之路,用科学发展观统领文化建设,以科学发展为主题,把科学发展的理念贯穿到文化工作的各个方面、各个环节;坚持走强基固本之路,把社会主义核心价值体系作为基础工程,坚定理想信念,构筑精神力量,不断巩固全体人民团结奋斗的共同思想道德基础;坚持走以人为本之路,发挥人民在文化建设中的主体作用,坚持文化发展为了人民、文化发展依靠人民、文化发展成果由人民共享;坚持走改革创新之路,激发文化创造活力,解放和发展文化生产力,以与时俱进的精神不断开创社会主义文化建设新局面。

4.深刻理解我们党关于文化建设根本任务的重要思想,大力推进社会主义核心价值体系建设。社会主义核心价值体系是兴国之魂,是文化建设之本,决定着中国特色社会主义发展方向。毛泽东同志指出,我们党要有“共同语言”,我们社会主义国家要有“统一意志”。邓小平同志强调,“靠有理想,靠坚强的信念,什么困难都能克服。”江泽民同志强调,“一个民族、一个国家,如果没有自己的精神支柱,就等于没有灵魂,就会失去凝聚力和生命力。”胡锦涛同志指出,“社会主义核心价值体系是社会主义意识形态的本质体现”,“是我国社会主义文化的引领和主导。”重视凝聚共同意志和强大力量,成为我们党不断夺取胜利的一个根本保证。党的十七届六中全会把建设社会主义核心价值体系作为文化建设的根本任务,进行了系统阐述和全面部署,鲜明回答了在新的历史条件下我们党以什么样的思想精神带领人民前进、中华民族以什么样的精神风貌屹立于世界民族之林。

面对世界范围各种思想文化交流交融交锋,面对社会思想意识多元多样多变,迫切需要我们探索用社会主义核心价值体系引领社会思潮的有效途径,提高主流思想文化的主导力、整合力,最大限度扩大社会思想认同。要深刻认识推进社会主义核心价值体系建设的重要性紧迫性,铸造兴国之魂,传承文化精髓,坚定目标追求,用社会主义核心价值体系凝魂聚气,努力在多元中立主导、多样中谋共识。要紧密结合思想道德建设的实际,坚持不懈地用马克思主义中国化最新成果武装全党、教育人民,用中国特色社会主义共同理想凝聚力量,用以爱国主义为核心的民族精神和以改革创新为核心的时代精神鼓舞士气,用社会主义荣辱观引领社会风尚。要坚持知行统一、注重实践养成,把社会主义核心价值体系融入国民教育、精神文明建设和党的建设全过程,贯穿改革开放和社会主义现代化建设各领域,体现到精神文化产品创作生产传播的各方面,使之成为全体人民的自觉追求和实际行动。

5.深刻理解我们党关于文化发展动力的重要思想,以改革创新精神推动文化繁荣发展。改革创新是一个民族文化生生不息的活力源泉,是推动文化繁荣发展的关键所在。在领导文化建设过程中,我们党就文化发展的动力问题提出了一系列重要思想,始终强调要古为今用、洋为中用,推陈出新;强调要把握时代要求、着眼新的实践,积极进行文化创新,实现文化的与时俱进;强调文化是最需要创新的领域,改革是文化发展的必由之路,必须坚持解放思想、大胆创新,以改革促发展促繁荣。党的十七届六中全会贯穿改革创新的精神,从文化发展的更高起点出发,从建设社会主义文化强国的更高目标出发,对深化文化体制改革、推进文化创新、解放和发展文化生产力,提出新的更高要求,为增强文化发展的动力活力指明了方向。

现在,我国文化体制改革已进入全面深化的新阶段,文化发展已进入加速推进的新时期,巩固良好态势、破解前进中的问题,根本的途径还是靠改革创新。要坚持把转变观念作为总开关,把深化改革作为强大动力,把锐意创新作为不懈追求,坚持解放思想、实事求是、与时俱进,把改革创新精神贯穿文化建设全过程。要大力推进文化体制机制改革创新,深化文化管理体制改革,创新文化走出去模式,破除制约文化发展的体制机制障碍,着力构建充满活力、富有效率、更加开放、有利于文化科学发展的体制机制。要坚持导向为魂、内容为王、创意制胜,大力推进文化内容形式和方法手段创新,推进文化与高新科技的融合,不断提升文化的原创能力,增强文化的时代感和吸引力。要推动改革在重点领域和关键环节取得新进展,加大力度、加快进度、巩固提高、重点突破、全面推进,深化国有经营性文化单位转企改制,深化公益性文化单位改革,如期完成中央确定的阶段性改革任务,更好促进文化事业文化产业繁荣发展。

6.深刻理解我们党关于文化建设根本保证的重要思想,在加强和改进党的领导中推动文化改革发展。党管意识形态,党管宣传文化,是我们党在长期实践中形成的重要原则。我们党历来高度重视对文化工作的领导,在事业发展的不同阶段,都提出自己的文化纲领、文化目标、文化政策,有力推动了文化向前发展。改革开放的不断扩大,社会主义市场经济的深入发展,对党领导文化建设的能力水平提出了更高要求。在这样的形势下,如何牢牢把握意识形态工作主导权,掌握文化改革发展领导权,是一项重大而紧迫的课题。党的十七届六中全会明确指出,加强和改进党对文化工作的领导,是推进文化改革发展的根本保证,也是加强党的执政能力建设和先进性建设的内在要求,必须从战略全局出发,把握文化发展规律,健全领导机制,改革工作方式方法,增强领导文化建设的本领。

掌握领导权,才有主动权。各级党委政府要切实把文化建设摆在全局工作重要位置,纳入经济社会发展总体规划,纳入科学发展考核评价体系,与经济社会发展一同研究部署、一同组织实施、一同督促检查,确保文化改革发展的目标任务和政策举措落到实处。要把文化繁荣发展作为贯彻落实科学发展观的基本要求,作为坚持发展是硬道理、发展是党执政兴国第一要务的重要内容,像抓经济建设一样抓文化建设,像抓经济体制改革一样抓文化体制改革,像抓经济领域重点工程一样抓重点文化项目。要提高领导文化改革发展的科学化水平,坚持以科学制度作保障、以科学方法来推进,更好地用符合文化发展规律的思路和办法领导文化工作。要自觉贯彻党的群众路线,解决好“为了谁、依靠谁、我是谁”的基本问题,发挥好人民群众的首创精神和主体作用,更好调动文化工作者和全社会推动文化建设的积极性、创造性。要牢固树立人才是第一资源的思想,坚持尊重劳动、尊重知识、尊重人才、尊重创造,加大政策扶持,创造良好环境,形成人尽其才、才尽其用的生动局面,努力造就一批有影响的文化名家、文化大师和各领域领军人物,建设一支适应文化繁荣发展、建设社会主义文化强国需要的宏大文化人才队伍。

我们党关于文化建设的思想系统丰富,做好《摘编》的学习宣传使用工作十分重要。要把学习《摘编》作为推进学习型党组织建设的重要内容,纳入中心组学习计划,作为高校党校进行思想理论教育的重要材料,作为向基层干部群众进行宣讲的重要内容。要围绕我们党关于文化建设的重要论述,组织专家学者深入研究文化领域的重大理论和现实问题,研究关系文化发展的全局性、战略性、前瞻性问题,及时把实践经验升华为理论成果,不断丰富和发展中国特色社会主义文化理论,为推进文化建设提供学理支撑。要结合《摘编》的学习使用,切实加强对党的文化建设理论的宣传阐释,加强对中央关于文化建设决策部署的宣传阐释,加强对文化改革发展进展成效的宣传阐释,以良好的舆论环境,推动党的十七届六中全会精神深入落实,推动兴起社会主义文化建设的新高潮。

(本文系中共中央政治局委员、中央书记处书记、中宣部部长刘云山同志2012年2月15日在《论文化建设——重要论述摘编》出版座谈会上的讲话,发表时有删节。)

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