Explanation concerning the “Internet Information Service Management Rules (Opinion-Seeking Version of Revision Draft)

Posted on Updated on

The existing “Internet Information Service Management Rules” (hereafter named the existing Rules) are the basic regulations for our country’s Internet management, and have had a vigorous function in the healthy and orderly development of our country’s Internet information service since promulgation in 2000. Following the rapid development of our country’s Internet, many new situations have emerged, a number of new problems are faced, in order to further stimulate the healthy and orderly development of the Internet, safeguard national security and the public interest, protect the lawful rights and interests of the public and Internet information service providers, standardize Internet information service activities, according to the Constitution and corresponding laws and regulations, the State Internet Information Office, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other relevant departments have conducted revision of the existing Rules, and have formed the “Internet Information Service Management Rules (Opinion-Seeking Version of Revision Draft”. Hereby, the relevant matters are explained as follows:

I, The main principles of revision

According to the principles of vigorous use, scientific development, management according to the law and guaranteeing security, persisting in equally stressing development and management, persisting in starting from reality, realistically serving the practice of Internet law enforcement, the following principles have been mainly respected in revision work:

1, Persisting in coordinating management and development. Encouraging Internet information service providers to launch information services beneficial to raising the nation’ quality and promoting economic and social development. Management is important in safeguarding national security, the public interest and the lawful rights and interests of citizens, and is important in strengthening basic management and resolving prominent problems in the practice of management work that have developed over many years; at the same time, striving to enable new management measures to stimulate the healthy development and reasonable application of the Internet.

2, Striving to clarify corresponding subjects’ relationship of rights and responsibilities. Striving to clarify the rights, duties and responsibilities of Internet information service providers, Internet access service providers, government management department as well as users and other subjects related to Internet information services. Encouraging Internet information service providers to launch self-discipline activities, encouraging public supervision of Internet information services.

3, Strengthening perspicacity and inclusion. As far as possible making principle-type regulations concerning related content, avoiding that the applicability of the law is restricted because of concrete concepts, reserving space of the future development and management of the Internet.

II, The main content of the revision

The opinion-seeking version has six chapters and 40 articles in total. The main content of the revision is as follows:

1, Clarifying licensing examination and approval for fora, microblogs, etc. Providing services on information published by Internet users for society directly involves national security and public security, and concerns the physical and mental health of citizens and security of their property, according to the provisions of administrative licensing law, administrative licenses shall be established. Accordingly, Article 10 of the opinion-seeking version has made provisions concerning licensing of fora, blogs, microblogs and other services. In order to strengthen the perspicacity of regulations, the opinion-seeking version outlines the abovementioned service models as “providing services for Internet users to publish information to society.”

2, Perfecting access conditions for running websites. Providing Internet information services is a sector involving national security and public security, and concerns citizens’ physical and mental health, life and asset security, requiring service providers to possess specific reputations and specific conditions. To this end, Article 7 of the opinion-seeking version has provided uniform basic access conditions for running websites.

3, Strengthening the security management responsibility of corresponding providers. Learning from a number of foreign Internet management methods, the opinion-seeking versions has provided for the responsibilities and duties that Internet information service providers and Internet access service providers shall bear in all segments: in advance of, during and after events, including public information inspection, lawful qualification examination, emergency management and having security guarding measures, etc., in order to even better reflect the spirit that whoever is hosting, is responsible, and unifying rights and responsibilities.

4, Strengthening the record preservation duty of corresponding service provides. In order to adapt to the requirements of attacking Internet lawbreaking and crime, the opinion-seeking version, with reference to other relevant State regulations, has made adjustments to the record preservation period relating to Internet access service providers and Internet information service providers in the existing Rules, and has clarified that “Internet information service providers shall record the published information and the information published by service counterparts, and preserve this for six months”; “Internet information service providers and Internet access providers shall record daily information, preserve it for 12 months, and provide technological support to inquiries by public security organs and national security organs according to the law.”

5, Provisions are made concerning information registry of users using their real identity. Since December last year, the five cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Guangzhou and Shenzhen have launched trials of practicing microblog users’ real identity information registration work, which has had a vigorous function in attacking online lawbreaking and criminal activities, cleaning up the network environment, strengthening netizens’ sense of responsibility and promoting the construction of a sincere and honest society. On the basis of summarizing the experience of these trials, Article 15 of the opinion-seeking version provides that “Internet information service providers providing services for Internet users to publish information to society, shall require users to use real identity information registration, and has clarified the requirements concerning user real identity information registration for fora, blogs, microblogs and other interactive services.

6, Strengthening individual information protection. In order to prevent the individual information of netizens to be divulged or illegally used, and even better protect the security of individual information, the opinion-seeking version has strengthened the article of “Internet information service providers and Internet access service providers have the duty to keep users’ identity information, daily record information and other personal information secret, and may not sell, distort, wilfully divulge or illegally use users’ individual information”, and has made clear corresponding punitive measures for acts violating the above provision.

7, Standardizing government department supervision and inspection activities. In order to standardize government department activities and stimulate administration according to the law, the opinion-seeking version has made strict requirements concerning government department supervision and inspection activities, including: relevant departments shall make the Internet information service licensing and filing situation public, the masses have the right to consult relevant licensing and filing situations; when relevant department work personnel carry out supervision, inspection and law enforcement duties according to the law, there shall be at least two persons participating who have administrative law enforcement qualifications, and they shall actively display their law enforcement credentials; relevant department work personnel shall record the situation of supervision, inspection and law enforcement, and the processing result, the public has the right to consult supervision and inspection records; relevant departments shall establish information sharing and information communication systems, and shall establish public reporting systems, to accept reports from the masses according to the law, etc.
关于《互联网信息服务管理办法
(修订草案征求意见稿)》的说明

现行《互联网信息服务管理办法》(以下称现行办法)是我国互联网管理的基础性法规,自2000年公布实施以来,对我国互联网信息服务的健康有序发展起到了积极作用。随着我国互联网的快速发展,出现了许多新情况,面临一些新问题,为进一步促进互联网健康有序发展,维护国家安全和公共利益,保护公众和互联网信息服务提供者的合法权益,规范互联网信息服务活动,依据宪法和相关法律,国家互联网信息办公室、工业和信息化部等有关部门对现行办法进行了修订,形成了《互联网信息服务管理办法(修订草案征求意见稿)》(以下称征求意见稿)。现将有关情况说明如下:
一、修订的主要原则
按照积极利用、科学发展、依法管理、确保安全的方针,坚持发展与管理并重,坚持从实际出发,切实服务于互联网执法实践,修订工作主要遵循以下原则:
1、坚持管理与发展相协调。鼓励互联网信息服务提供者开展有益于提高民族素质、推动经济社会发展的信息服务。管理重在维护国家安全、公共利益和公民个人的合法权益,重在加强基础管理,解决多年来发展、管理工作实践中的突出问题;同时,努力使新的管理措施能够促进互联网的健康发展与合理应用。
2、着力明确相关主体权责关系。着力明确互联网信息服务活动相关的互联网信息服务提供者、互联网接入服务提供者、政府管理部门及用户等主体的权利、义务和责任。鼓励互联网信息服务提供者开展行业自律活动,鼓励公众监督互联网信息服务。
3、增强前瞻性和包容性。尽可能对相关内容作原则性规定,避免因具体概念而制约法规的适用性,为互联网的未来发展和管理预留空间。
二、修订的主要内容
征求意见稿共6章、40条。修订的主要内容如下:
1、明确论坛、微博客等的许可审批。提供由互联网用户向公众发布信息的服务直接涉及国家安全、公共安全,关系公民人身健康、财产安全,根据行政许可法的规定,应当设定行政许可。据此,征求意见稿第十条对论坛、博客、微博客等服务的许可作出了规定。为增强法规的前瞻性,征求意见稿将上述服务形态概括为“提供由互联网用户向公众发布信息的服务”。
2、完善办网站准入条件。提供互联网信息服务属于涉及国家安全、公共安全,关系公民人身健康、生命财产安全的行业,需要服务提供者具备特定信誉、特定条件。为此,征求意见稿第七条对办网站规定了统一的基本准入条件。
3、强化相关服务提供者的安全管理责任。借鉴国外互联网管理的一些做法,征求意见稿从事前、事中、事后各环节明确规定了互联网信息服务提供者、互联网接入服务提供者所应承担的责任和义务,包括公共信息巡查、合法资质查验、应急处置及具备安全防范措施等,以更好体现谁主办、谁负责的精神,使权利和责任相统一。
4、强化相关服务提供者的记录留存义务。为适应打击网络违法犯罪的需要,征求意见稿参照其他国家的有关规定,对现行办法有关互联网接入服务提供者、互联网信息服务提供者的记录留存期限作了调整,明确“互联网信息服务提供者应当记录所发布的信息和服务对象所发布的信息,并保存6个月”;“互联网信息服务提供者、互联网接入服务提供者应当记录日志信息,保存12个月,并为公安机关、国家安全机关依法查询提供技术支持”。
5、对用户用真实身份信息注册作出规定。去年12月以来,北京、上海、天津、广州、深圳等5城市试点推行了微博客用户用真实身份信息注册工作,对打击网上违法犯罪活动、净化网络环境、强化网民责任意识、推动诚信社会建设,起到了积极作用。在总结试点经验的基础上,征求意见稿第十五条规定,“提供由互联网用户向公众发布信息服务的互联网信息服务提供者,应当要求用户用真实身份信息注册”,明确了使用论坛、博客、微博客等互动服务的用户用真实身份信息注册的要求。
6、加强个人信息保护。为防止公民个人信息被泄露和非法使用,更好地保护个人信息安全,征求意见稿增加“互联网信息服务提供者、互联网接入服务提供者对用户的身份信息、日志信息等个人信息负有保密义务,不得出售、篡改、故意泄露或违法使用用户的个人信息”条款,并对违反上述规定的行为明确了相应处罚措施。
7、规范政府部门监督检查行为。为规范政府部门行为,促进依法行政,征求意见稿对政府部门的监督检查行为提出了严格要求,包括:有关部门应当向社会公开对互联网信息服务的许可、备案情况,公众有权查阅有关许可、备案情况;有关部门工作人员依法履行监督检查、执法职责,至少应有两名具有行政执法资格的人员参加,并主动出示执法证件;有关部门工作人员应当记录监督检查、执法的情况和处理结果,公众有权查阅监督检查记录;有关部门应当建立信息共享和信息通报制度,应当建立公众举报制度,依法受理公众举报等。

 

 

 

One thought on “Explanation concerning the “Internet Information Service Management Rules (Opinion-Seeking Version of Revision Draft)

    […] Explanation concerning the “Internet Information Service Management Rules (Opinion-Seeking Version… Like this:LikeBe the first to like this post. […]

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s