At the beginning of the New Year, General Secretary Xi Jinping made an important speech at the opening ceremony for the discussion class for the new members and alternate members of the Central Committee to study and implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress, which deeply expounded the ideological sources and course of exploration of the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, clearly responded to concerns inside and outside the Party and concerns inside and outside the country concerning China’s path, and earnestly indicated that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is Socialist and is not any other ism, and appealed to all Communist Party members and especially leading Party cadres to be firm believers and faithful practitioners of the ambitious ideal of Communism and the joint ideal of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. This is an important political proclamation of the new Central leading group, and its significance is great and profound.
I, The dialectical unification of theoretical logic and the historical logic of social development
“Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the dialectical unification of the logic of scientific development theory and the historical logic of the development of Chinese society”. This important thesis thoroughly bespeaks the basic nature of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, reveals the ideological course of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, outlines the historical track of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and summarizes the practical achievements of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Stressing that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is Socialist and not any other ism, indicates with clear colours flying that Socialism with Chinese characteristics falls under scientific Socialism, it is the concrete practical form of scientific Socialism in this specific societal and historical environment of China, and is the outcome of the integration of basic principles of scientific Socialism and Chinese reality. In this sense, Socialism with Chinese characteristics is Sinified scientific Socialism. In the world, there are many kinds of Socialism, there is also a multitude of countries claiming to be Socialist. But, when conducting analysis and judgment of the Marxist viewpoints, we may come to a conclusion: only Socialism that has found the correct path for real social ideals and social forces, can be true scientific Socialism. Scientific Socialism’s basic principles from beginning to end are the ideological and theoretical basis for the Chinese Communist Party’s persisting in and developing Socialism.
What sort of is China, after all, should implement, hinges on seeing whether this ism can resolve the historical tasks that China faces. Only Socialism can save China, only Socialism with Chinese characteristics can develop China, where China and the Chinese nation are concerned, this is absolutely not an empty slogan or a blind belief, but is a practical formula to incessantly resolve the historical tasks it faces. The Chinese Communist Party has chosen scientific Socialism because it wants to resolve China’s historical tasks, and has explored and pioneered Socialism with Chinese characteristics with historical practice.
After the Opium War, China was reduced to a semi-colonial and semi-feudal country. The Chinese nation faced two historical tasks: one is saving the independence of the nation and liberating the people; another is realizing that the country becomes rich, strong and prosperous, and the people are all well-off. All activities of the Chinese Communist Party have been developed and conducted around these two historical tasks.
The history of the Chinese Communist Party is a whole, the Party has led the people in conducting revolution, construction and reform, this is a composing phase that is inseparable from the course of practicing scientific Socialism in China. The victory of the new democratic revolution and the establishment of the People’s Republic of China have realized the independence of the nation and the liberation of the people, and are the major victories of the people’s revolution that China had never seen since antiquity, and are also the major victories of Socialism with global significance. The establishment of the basic Socialist system, have laid the basic political prerequisites and systemic basis for all the development and progress of China. But Socialism is a sort of newly-emerging social system, and building Socialism is an unprecedented, completely new undertaking, and must rely in exploration in practice in everything.
The construction of Socialism with Chinese characteristics can be divided in two historical phases, before reform and opening up and after reform and opening up. These are two mutually connected but very different historical periods, but essentially, they are both the practical exploration of our Party leading the people in Socialist construction, and were both aimed at realizing that the country became rich, strong and prosperous and the people all well-off. In the course of exploration before reform and opening up, although grave complications were experiences, original theoretical results and huge achievements were obtained, which provided precious experience, theoretical preparation and a material basis for the new historical phase of reform and opening up and the creation of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been created with reform and opening up as symbol, and has been created on the basis of the Socialist basic system that the New China had already established and that had been constructed for more than 20 years. Without reform and opening up, the Socialist China would not have been able to have a situation that is so excellent as that of today; without the exploration and practice before reform and opening up, reform and opening up would have not been smoothly driven ahead. Both aren’t separated from one another, and are certainly not basically opposed, all viewpoints using the previous period to deny the later period or using the later period to deny the previous period are mistaken and harmful.
As long as we persist in historical dialectics, we will be able to soberly understand that the Chinese Communist Party’s exploration and foundation of the historical course of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is, in an economically and culturally relatively backward large Eastern country such as China, a historical cause that systematically answers this basic question of constructing what sort of Socialism and how to construct Socialism, which both persists in the basic principles of scientific Socialism, and endows them with the distinctive characteristics of China on the basis of the conditions of the time, through the integration of history and future, and theory and practice. In the more than sixty years after the foundation of the new China and especially the more than thirty years of reform and opening up, our country’s economy and society have developed rapidly, the people’s living standards have clearly risen, our international position and been substantially elevated, and the most basic reason for this is that the Chinese Communist Party has led the country in delivering an outstanding answer sheet to this basic question of constructing what sort of Socialism and how to construct Socialism.
II, Persist in self-confidence about our path, self-confidence about theory and self-confidence about the system
The clearest characteristic that has been formed through the long-time practice of the Chinese Communist Party leading the people in constructing Socialism, is the unification of the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics and the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics into the magnificent practice of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, the path is the channel for achievement, the theoretical structure is a guidebook for action, and the system is the basic guarantee.
This sort of understanding is a deep assurance for the basic principles of scientific socialism. Within the classics of Marxism, Socialism and Communism, manifest a path for Socialism and Communism, and also manifest a theoretical structure for Socialism and Communism, and even manifest a system for Socialism and Communism, the particular emphasis of the three is different, but they are basically consistent, and are all concrete aspects of Socialism and Communism.
Our Party’s concrete elucidation of the path, the theoretical structure and the system is a huge enrichment and development of the classics’ basic principles of scientific Socialism, and display that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a brand new form of scientific Socialism in the present times.
The fact that the domain of global strong countries that has been formed in recent times hasn’t basically changed is a warning to us, if China crawls along by slavishly imitating the Western development model, there will be basically no possibility of gaining development opportunities in a world that is monopolized more every day. The history of China in recent times indicates that the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the basic, only and correct path for China to kill off the encirclement by strong Western countries and obtaining development and progress. If China is able to march a successful development path outside of the West, China’s exploration will not only be a contribution to China’s becoming a strong country and a rich people itself, but will be a contribution to the absolute majority of developing countries worldwide.
China truly faces many problems and severe challenges, but it must objectively deal with the contributing factors and prospects of resolution of these problems and challenges. China’s problems mainly still emerge from not having experience or having insufficient experience, reform and opening up, and modernization construction have been come bout by groping the stones along the way, and in the future, it will still be necessary to march on by groping the stones, this requires a process in which understanding of the path becomes progressively clearer, a grasp of theory becomes progressively more correct, and system construction becomes progressively more perfect. The 18th Party Congress is a new and higher starting point. With the 18th Party Congress as symbol, Chinese Communist Party members’ deep expression of self-confidence concerning the tree aspects of the path, the theoretical structure and the system, reflects the daily maturing self-consciousness of the entire Party and the whole country in a centralized manner. The process of the Chinese Communist Party understanding and resolving the problems and challenges that are faced, is also a process of incessantly persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics. The key is not whether problems exist in our structures or mechanisms, and is not whether problems exist in the present real society, but is whether we can discover these problems, whether we can directly face these problems, and whether we can find the source of the problem, as well as whether or not we have the resolution and the methods to resolve problems. The reason the report of the 18th Party Congress and the series of speeches of General Secretary Xi Jinping have given people strong confidence, is because they have conveyed the strong self-confidence about the path, self-confidence about theory and self-confidence about the system to within and outside of the party, and within and outside of the country in a manner that seeks truth from facts.
III, Completely grasping the overall basis, the overall distribution and the overall tasks
Through integrated study of the Report of the 18th Party Congress and the series of speeches of General Secretary Xi Jinping, it can be seen that this is a theory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics that combines inheritance and innovation. The connotations of the path, theoretical structure and system that it expounds and their mutual relations, are both a summary and outline of the practical experience of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and a deep reflection of the overall basis, overall distribution and overall tasks of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Self confidence about the path, self-confidence about theory and self-confidence about the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, contains the long-term accumulation of profound historical experience, the contrast with the broad international field if vision, and the summary of rich practical rules, the most important is that our Party deeply understands and completely grasps the overall basis, overall distribution and overall tasks of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, this is the firm cornerstones for the foundation of self-confidence about the path, theory and the system.
Taking the primary phase of Socialism as the overall basis for Socialism with Chinese characteristics, requires a correct grasp of Socialism in China’s actual development phase, the establishment and reiteration of the largest national circumstances and the largest reality of China. The Party’s basic line is established on this overall basis, the principles, policies, steps and measures of reform and development are established on this overall basis, the judgement of achievements and problems is established on this bases, the starting point of preventing swaying between “leftism” and rightism are established on this basis, etc. In short, this overall basis is a basic starting point for persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Making the integral whole of the five matters of economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction and ecological civilization construction into an overall arrangement of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, deeply manifests that Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a completely developing Socialism, and manifests that Socialism with Chinese characteristics has a more perfect understanding, a richer practice and more complete objectives in exploration and pioneering. If we grasp the overall arrangement of the integral whole of these five matters, we can implement the scientific development view even better, realize the overall nature, coordinated nature and sustainable nature of reform and development, and deal with and resolve the contradictory relationships between people and society, people and people, and people and nature.
Making the realization of Socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation into a general task for Socialism with Chinese characteristics, gives prominence to the historical sense of responsibility of the Chinese Communist Party towards China and the Chinese nation. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is linked to realizing Socialist modernization and the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, this is the actual continuation of the Party’s history of more than ninety years of continuous struggle, is the real choice for the correct channel of Chinese development and progress, and is the actual identification of the sons and daughters of China inside the country and overseas of the “Chinese dream” they jointly pursue. The dream world of the “Chinese dream” has never been so vivid, but for the dream world to become reality, there is only the path of persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics.
IV, Seizing the victory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics with unbounded confidence
persisting and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and seizing the victory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics with unbounded confidence, require a firm grasp of the basic requirements of the “Eight Musts” put forward in the Report of the 18th Party Congress. The basic requirements of the “Eight Musts” scientifically answered questions of the main strength, basic task, the road that must be followed, inherent requirements, basic principles, as well as the leading core, etc., of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and is both a summary of historical experience, and an inspiration of pioneer into the future; it is both the practical framework for the Chinese Communist Party to govern the country and administer politics, and is the joint belief of the entire Party and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country, it involves both productive forces and the relations of production, and involves the economic basis and the superstructure. The basic requirements of the “Eight Musts” use new theoretical understandings and practical experience to further answer this major question of persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics, it is a major achievement of our Party in exploring the rules of Chinese Communist Party governance, the rules of Socialist construction and the rules of the development of human society.
The raising of the basic requirements of the “Eight Musts” develop the “Four Cardinal Principles” of Socialism with Chinese characteristics into “Five Cardinal Principles”, and greatly enrich the practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, ethnic characteristics and characteristics of the times of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. General Secretary Xi Jinping emphatically pointed out that: “The Party’s basic theory, basic line, basic programme, basic experience and basic requirements are managing the overall situation, managing the orientation and managing the long term, everyone must deeply understand and earnestly implement this, emphatically assert that there is no slackening on the green hills, there is no fear of any risk, and there is no doubt of any disturbance.
The “Five Cardinal Principles” are new theoretical achievements shaped during the historical period of the Chinese Communist Party’s persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics, fully reflect the sobriety and determination of the Chinese Communist Party in persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics, fully reflect the wisdom and courage of the Chinese Communist Party in exploring and pioneering new boundaries of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and fully reflect the maturity and self-confidence of the Chinese Communist Party in understanding and answering the historical tasks of constructing what kind of Socialism, and how to construct Socialism.
For the integral grasp of the Chinese Communist Party’s history of more than ninety years of struggle, for the integral grasp of the path, theoretical structure and the system of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, for the integral grasp of the overall basis, overall arrangement and overall tasks of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and for the integral grasp of the basic requirements of the “Eight Musts” as well as the “Five Cardinal Principles”, an extremely clear main line of persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been jointly formed. This clear main line encourages those inside the Party and outside of the Party, and publicly proclaims inside and outside of the country: our understanding of Socialism and our grasp of the rules of Socialism with Chinese characteristics have reached a new and unprecedented height, the path of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has become a development model that has a complete form, distinguished achievements, and thrives in vitality, its incessant deepening and development, its contribution to the welfare of the Chinese people, and its contribution to world peace and development have a brilliant future. We simply need such self-confidence!