Liu Qibao: Some Points of Understanding concerning the Theoretical Structure of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics.
This article by Central Propaganda Department director Liu Qibao was published in today’s People’s Daily.
Socialism with Chinese characteristics is composed of a path, a theoretical structure and an institutional system, it is the basic achievement for which the Party and the people have struggled, and that they have created and accumulated over more than ninety years. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is an important component part, it is the newest achievement of the Sinification of Marxism, and is the guidebook for action in persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics. In the China of the present, persisting in the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics means persisting in Marxism and persisting in scientific Socialism. We must earnestly study the Report of the 18th Party Congress and the series of important speeches by comrade Xi Jinping, earnestly study Party history and national history, incessantly deepen understanding of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, persist in self-confidence about Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and struggle even better for the complete construction of a moderately prosperous society, and for realizing the Chinese Dream of the rejuvenation of the nation.
I, The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the magnificent theoretical creation of our Party through a long time of exploration
After the 18th Party Congress, Comrade Xi Jinping made a series of important speeches in which he deeply elaborated the major theoretical and practical issues of persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Especially his speech at the deliberation class for Committee members and Alternate members who newly entered the Central Committee to study the spirit of the 18th Party Congress, passed through a span of 500 years and six time periods, and clearly discussed how Socialism with Chinese characteristics came about, and how it will go ahead, by integrating theory and practice, the speech itself was a theory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics in itself. Looking across 500 years of history, we can derive from it that, similar to the process of development of practice, the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been created through arduous exploration, and has both a solid basis in practice, and a profound theoretical origin.
The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the theoretical crystallization of more than thirty years of successful practice of reform and opening up. Reform and opening up is a magnificent awakening, it has realized a historical and magnificent transformation, and has fostered magnificent creation in theory and practice. These more than thirty years are more than thirty years of continuous exploration and incessant development and progress. The second-generation collective central leadership with Comrade Deng Xiaoping at the core has led the Party and the people, has successfully created Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and has created Deng Xiaoping Theory, this is the ground-breaking work for this theoretical structure. The third-generation collective central leadership with Comrade Jiang Zemin at the core has led the Party and the people in successfully pushing Socialism with Chinese characteristics towards the 21st Century, it shaped the important “Three Represents” thought, which is an extremely important component part of this theoretical structure that forms a connecting link.. The Party Centre with Comrade Hu Jintao as General Secretary, has led the Party and the People in successfully persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics from a new historical starting point, and has formed the scientific development view, which is an important innovative achievement in this theoretical structure. Looking back at these thirty year, our path of the Sinification of Marxism has progressed with the times, a new historical leap has been realized, which pushes forward practice, innovation and development and creates a Chinese miracle that the people of the work admire. In the face of a series of grave challenges and major difficulties, we have always successfully responded, changed danger into opportunity, and created new situations, the root for this lies in the superiority of the Socialist system with the Party’s innovative theory as guidance. It may be said that the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics was hard earned, and therefore is all the more precious.
The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics also condenses the painstaking efforts and achievements of our Party’s practice and exploration of the three decades before reform and opening up. The New China is more than sixty years old, which roughly includes two subsequent periods of thirty years, which both are, essentially, practice and exploration of constructing Socialism. The first thirty years often contained frustration, and mistakes occurred here and there, a grave mistake such as the “Cultural Revolution” even occurred, but the results of indomitable and arduous exploration are extremely precious. We have obtained huge achievements in all aspects of construction, and have shaped some extremely important understandings of constructing socialism, we have accumulated important ideological, material and institutional conditions, and have accumulated both positive and negative experience. It is because we have a thick basis laid down in the first thirty years, that this great building of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has stable foundations; it is because we have provided important theoretical preparations in the first thirty years, that the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics can emerge from ruin.
The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics also condensed the process of more than 170 years of untiring efforts and struggle since the start of modernity, in which the Chinese nation gave its utmost. A modern history of China is a history of seeking for a way to rejuvenate the nation, and is a history of searching a truth to save the nation from extinction. After all historical attempts and defeats, the Chinese people have found the scientific arm of Marxism, and have, under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party, embarked on a journey that is integrated with the reality of China, to realize the liberation and rejuvenation of the nation. This has integrated and realized two historical leaps, the first leap is that our Party has found the correct path for the Chinese revolution, and established Mao Zedong Thought. This has also realized the second leap for us, which is the foundation and development of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and the formation of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, which established basic preconditions and a basis. If we would not have persistently explored and accumulated these matters since modernity, it would not have been possible to have these huge achievements of the theory and practice of Socialism with Chinese characteristics.
The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has also condensed five centuries of humanity’s diligent pursuit and persevering search for socialism. Socialism has developed from fantasy to science, from theory to practice, and from practice in one country to many countries, it can be said to be a symphony with extensive energy and flowing undulations. Even though there often have been high tides and low tides, successes and setbacks, the general trend of the historical development of society has not changed, humankind’s pursuit of Socialism has never halted. Socialism with Chinese characteristics is am important movement in this symphony, which inherited the true essence of Socialist scientific thinking and derived experiences and lessons from other Socialist country’s rise, decline, successes and failures, and has integrated China’s reality and the characteristics of the time to engage in new creation, it has accomplished a Chinese path, and written a new chapter of theory.
II, The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has unique theoretical qualities
Since reform and opening up, our Party has continuously and extensively explored and answered the basic issues of what is Socialism, how to construct Socialism, constructing which kind of Party, how to construct the Party, realizing which kind of development and how to develop. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has developed by closely revolving around these three great basic issues, and has creatively put forward a series of new lines of thought, new viewpoints and new theses that are closely related and mutually interactive, which reflected clear practical characteristics, theoretical characteristics, national characteristics and characteristics of the times.
First is initiative, which opened up new boundaries for the Sinification of Marxism. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has been shaped through our Party’s application of Marxism to resolve China’s problems. Recalling the new thoughts and new viewpoints that our Party put forwards in these years, there is not a single one that did not reflect Chinese creation and told of Chinese discourse. For example, the theory of the primary stage of Socialism, scientifically clarified the fundamental basis for constructing Socialism in an economically and culturally backward large Oriental country such as China. For example, the Socialist market economy theory fundamentally resolved the ideological fetters that equated the planned economy with Socialism and equated the market economy with capitalism. Furthermore, the Socialist essence theory, Socialist political civilization, the Socialist core value system, the Socialist harmonious society, the Socialist ecological civilization, etc.,
all have major innovative significance in the development history of Marxism. It can be said that the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has deepened understanding of the governance rules of the Communist Party, the construction rules of Socialism and the development rules of human society with completely new fields of visions, that they have written “a new version” of scientific Socialism, and have clear Chinese characteristics.
Second is inheritance, which has persisted in the basic principle of scientific Socialism throughout. The theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has told new stories that have the characteristics of the times, but has not lost its forefathers. It has continued the veins of thought of five centuries of human exploration of Socialism, and has inherited the quintessence of scientific Socialism. For example, persisting in the highest ideal of Communism, the leadership of a proletarian Party, the Socialist economic institutional basis with public ownership and allocation according to labour, the people being creators of history and realizing people’s complete development, etc., these basic principles of scientific Socialism have all penetrated into this theoretical structure throughout. The theoretical results of exploration and construction of Socialism in the 30 years before reform and opening up, must also be considered, for example, concerning Socialist societies’ basic contradictions and main contradictions, correctly dealing with the major relationships in Socialist constructions, correctly dealing with contradictions among the people, etc., have all been persisted in and developed in this theoretical structure. On this issue, history cannot be cut off, historical nihilism can certainly not be done. It may be said that the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics has, as one unity, pervaded the basic principles of scientific Socialism and is Socialist and not any other ism.
Third is practicality, taking root in practice and giving rein to a strong guiding function for reality. The process of creating and developing the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is the process of summarizing practical experience, and is the process of using this theoretical structure to guide and push forward reform and development. At the same time, fresh, vivid and magnificent practice is testing the newest theories, and powerfully proves the scientific truth of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. Since the new period, the Party’s successive Congresses have all, on the basis of conducting phased experience summarization of reform and opening up, made new summaries of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, and have at the same time also stressed the use of scientific theory to arm minds, guide practice and promote work tasks. For example, the 14th Party Congress put forward to earnestly study the construction of the theory of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, the 15th Party Congress put forward to arouse a new high tide of studying Deng Xiaoping Theory, the 16th Party Congress put forward to arouse a new high tide of studying and implementing the important “Three Represents” thought, the Party’s 17th Party Congress put forward to deeply study and implement the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, to deeply study and practice the scientific development view, the 18th Party Congress put forward to use the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to arm the entire Party and educate the people. Theoretical innovation and theoretical army are two equal wheels, theory fully gives rein to the guiding function of practice, practical achievement manifest the huge authority of theory.
Fourth is openness, incessantly progressing in step with the times, following developments of the times, of practice and of science. Constructing Socialism with Chinese characteristics is a long-term historical task, and requires moving forward step by step. In its wake, corresponding theoretical achievements will certainly be formed. Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought, and the scientific development view have been engendered at different times of reform and opening up, and in the practice of different phases, they are three major achievements of the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics. These three major achievements are derived from the same origin in terms of theoretical subjects, ideological basis, political thinking and fundamental viewpoints, and at the same time, they draw lessons from beneficial experiences of all countries’ governance on the basis of new practice, they scientifically answer new questions they face, and have each made their own unique contributions, they have a relationship of mutual interaction and multiple layers. The forest does not stop growing trees, the river does not cease to flow. Practice has no end, theoretical innovation can also not stop. It may be confirmed that the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics cannot be unchangeable, it must suit to the developments of the times, practice and science, learn widely from others’ strong points and progress incessantly.
III, The Chinese Dream has infused the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics with new content
After the 18th Party Congress, Comrade Xi Jinping put forward and deeply elaborated the Chinese Dream of rejuvenation of the nation, this is a major strategic thought put forward to fix eyes upon persisting in and developing Socialism with Chinese characteristics. This important strategic thought has reflected the beautiful and long-cherished withes of one generation of Chinese people after another, has further revealed the historical destiny of the Chinese nation and the development orientation of China at present, it has pointed out the common struggle objectives of the entire Party and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country. This important strategic thought has fully reflected the historical burden that the Party highly assumed and the mission it pursues, it is a solemn commitment of the new collective central leadership towards the whole body of the people, and is the political manifesto of the Party and the country in the face of the future. Once the Chinese Dream was put forward, it released a strong power of appeal and infectiousness, which will inevitably concentrate all social strata within the country and the compatriots at home and overseas, and become a spiritual banner to encourage the sons and daughters of China to unite and progress, and forge towards the future.
The Chinese Dream of rejuvenation of the nation is rich in content and profound in meaning. Comrade Xi Jinping has put forward a series of new thoughts and new viewpoints that are rich in original ideas, revolving around these important questions of what is the Chinese Dream and how to realize the Chinese Dream. For example, the Chinese Dream is of the country, of the nation, and is also one of every Chinese person; the basic content of the Chinese Dream is to realize national wealth and strength, the rejuvenation of the nation and the happiness of the people; to realize the Chinese Dream, we must persist in the Chinese path, carry forward the Chinese spirit and concentrate China’s forces; to realize the Chinese Dream, we must keep firmly in mind that empty talk jeopardizes the country, we must work hard to rejuvenate the country, achieve indomitable struggle, arduous struggle and incessant struggle; the Chinese Dream is the dream of peace, development, cooperation and win-win, it not only benefits the people of China, it also benefits the people of all countries, it is linked with the beautiful dreams of people in all countries, etc. These important theses deeply clarify the basic ideological viewpoints of the Chinese Dream of rejuvenating the nation, have opened up broad fields of vision for theoretical innovation and development, and have infused the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics with new spirits of the times and fresh force.
Promoting the magnificent practice of realizing the Chinese Dream is inseparable from broad and deep propaganda and education. We must strengthen theoretical study and research on the Chinese Dream, and ensure the theoretical structure of Socialism with Chinese characteristics is studied and understood, to guide people to deepen their understanding of and identification with the Chinese Dream, strengthen self-confidence about the path, self-confidence about theory and self-confidence about the system. Organizing and developing Chinese Dream-themed propaganda and discussion activities, education activities, cultural activities; launching news propaganda and network propaganda about the Chinese Dream, guides the broad cadres and masses to deeply understand the Chinese Dream’s deep content and organic integration at the three levels of the country, the nation and the individual, deeply understand the objectives and requirements for realizing the Chinese Dream in the economy, politics, culture, society, ideological civilization construction and other aspects, deeply understand the real channel, value support and driving sources for realizing the Chinese Dream, push the Chinese dream into minds, into hearts and into actions. Vigorously launch external explanation and dissemination of the Chinese Dream abroad, enhance the international society’s understanding and comprehension of the Chinese Dream, increase positive energy for realizing the Chinese Dream