Xi Jinping: Promote the Entire Party’s Study and Grasping of Historical Materialism

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This speech by Xi Jinping was originally published by Xinhua on 3 December

The CCP Central Committee Politburo conducted the 11th collective study session on the basic theories and methodologies of historical materialism in the afternoon of 3 December. When  he chaired the study session, CCP Central Committee General Secretary, Xi Jinping, stressed that promoting the entire Party’s study of the basic theories and methodologies of historical materialism, would lead to a better understanding of national circumstances, a better understanding of the larger development trends of the undertaking of the Party and the State, a better understanding of the laws of historical development, and greater ability to dynamically move work in all areas forward.

Professor Guo Zhan from the Renmin University of China and Professor Han Qingxiang from the Central Party School lectured on this issue, and discussed their opinions and suggestions.

All comrades from the CCP Central Committee Politburo heard their lectures, and engaged in discussion on these issues.

Xi Jinping made a speech as chair of the study session. He put forward that Marxist philosophy profoundly revealed the objective world and especially the universal development laws of human societies, which still have a strong vitality in the present day, and are still a strong ideological weapon guiding our Communist Party members to advance. Our Party has given high regard to ideological Party building since its foundation, and one extremely important matter is that it persisted in using Marxist philosophy to educate and arm the entire Party. Studying philosophy and using philosophy is a good tradition of our Party.

Xi Jinping stressed that in all historical periods, revolution, construction and reform, our Party has used historical materialism to systematically, concretely and historically analyse the movements of China’s society and its development laws, it has incessantly grasped laws and vigorously used laws in the process of understanding the world and transforming the world, and has gained one victory after another in promoting the undertaking of the Party and the people. History and reality both demonstrate that only by persisting in historical materialism will we be able to incessantly raise the understanding of the laws of Socialism with Chinese characteristics to new levels, and incessantly open up new frontiers for the development of contemporary Chinese Marxism.

Xi Jinping pointed out that social existence determines social consciousness. the theory, line, principles and policies that our Party put forward and implemented in the present stage are correct because they have all been based on social existence in the current era of our country. The 3rd Plenum of the 18th Party Congress put forward a general deployment to comprehensively deepen reform in our country, it started from our country’s current social existence, it has both started from the sum of our country’s current social and material conditions, and has started from our country’s basic national conditions and development requirements.

Xi Jinping stressed that we must study and grasp analytical methods to grasp fundamental social contradictions, and deeply understand the importance and urgency of comprehensively deepening reform. Only by observing the contradictory movements of productive forces and relationships of productions in integration with the contradictions of the economic basis and the superstructure, and by observing fundamental social contradictions as one integral whole, can we comprehensively grasp the basic features and development tendencies of the entire society. To persist in and develop Socialism with Chinese characteristics, we must incessantly adapt to the development of social product forces in reshaping relationships of production, and incessantly respond to developments in the economic base to perfect the superstructure. When we put forward a comprehensive deepening of reform, this is because it is necessary to respond to the changes and movements of our country’s fundamental social characteristics in moving social development forward. Fundamental social contradictions always develop incessantly, therefore, adjusting relationships of production and perfecting the superstructure requires corresponding incessant efforts. Reform and opening up only have a progressive tense, they do not have a perfect tense, this is the attitude of historical materialism.

Xi Jinping pointed out that it is necessary to study and grasp the viewpoint that material production is the basis of social life, and correctly grasp the major relationships in comprehensively deepening reform. Productive forces are the most dynamic and most revolutionary factors to move social progress further. The basic task of Socialism is liberating and developing social productive forces. In the process of comprehensively deepening reform, we must persist in this major strategic judgment that development still is the crux to resolve all of our country’s problems, ensure that the market has a decisive function in allocating resources and giving rein to the function of government even better, promote the incessant forward development of our country’s social productive forces, promote the unity of realizing incessant material enrichment and comprehensive human development. Material production is the decisive factor for social historical development, but the superstructure may also have counter effect on the economic basis, there is a real process of effect and counter effect between productive forces and relationships of production, the economic base and the superstructure, there is not a one-way simple logic of deciding and being decided. We put forward the plan to comprehensively deepening reform, because it is necessary to resolve the prominent contradictions and issues that we face, it is difficult for reform that only relies on one area or one level to be successful, we must strengthen top-level design and integral planning, strengthen connections, systems and coordination in all areas of reform. Only by both resolving the problem that relationships of production are unsuited, and by resolving the problem that the superstructure is unsuited, can there be a comprehensive effect. At the same time, only by closely revolving around development being the first major task in deploying reform in these area, by liberating and developing social productive forces in order to provide strong drivers for reform, will it be possible to promote a better coordination between relationships of production and productive forces, between the superstructure and the base.

Xi Jinping stressed that it is necessary to study and grasp the viewpoint that the popular masses are the creators of history, and to closely rely on the masses in moving reform forward. The people are the creators of history. It is necessary to persist in making realizing, safeguarding and developing the fundamental interests of the broadest people into the starting point and stopover point of moving reform forward, let the fruits of development be extended to the whole body of the people more fairly and in greater numbers, only such reform can bring forth great achievements. It is necessary to deal well with the relationship between objective laws and giving rein to subjective initiative. we must persist in starting from reality in everything, handling matters according to objective laws, grasping blueprints to the end, and grasping the building of foundations to benefit long-term work. At the same time, it is necessary to encourage the localities, the grass roots and the masses to boldly explore, and take the lead in trials, dare to move theoretical and practical innovation forward, and incessantly deepen understanding about the laws of reform.

Xi Jinping pointed out that our Party governs a large country, China, with 1.3 billion inhabitants, it faces extremely complex domestic and international environments, and shoulders an onerous mission of governance, if it lacks the powerful support of theoretical thinking, it will be difficult to vanquish all sorts of risks and difficulties, and it will be difficult to progress incessantly. All levels’ leading Party cadres and especially high-level cadres must study and research classic works from beginning to end, strive to make Marxist philosophy into their own special skill, persist in ideals and convictions, persist in the correct political orientation, raise their capacity to think strategically, their ability to make comprehensive policies, their ability to master the overall picture, and unite to lead the people into incessantly writing new chapters in the history of reform and opening up.

 

习近平:推动全党学习和掌握历史唯物主义
中共中央政治局12月3日下午就历史唯物主义基本原理和方法论进行第十一次集体学习。中共中央总书记习近平在主持学习时强调,推动全党学习历史唯物主义基本原理和方法论,更好认识国情,更好认识党和国家事业发展大势,更好认识历史发展规律,更加能动地推进各项工作。
中国人民大学郭湛教授、中央党校韩庆祥教授就这个问题进行讲解,并谈了他们的意见和建议。
中共中央政治局各位同志认真听取了他们的讲解,并就有关问题进行了讨论。
习近平在主持学习时发表了讲话。他指出,马克思主义哲学深刻揭示了客观世界特别是人类社会发展一般规律,在当今时代依然有着强大生命力,依然是指导我们共产党人前进的强大思想武器。我们党自成立起就高度重视在思想上建党,其中十分重要的一条就是坚持用马克思主义哲学教育和武装全党。学哲学、用哲学,是我们党的一个好传统。
习近平强调,在革命、建设、改革各个历史时期,我们党运用历史唯物主义,系统、具体、历史地分析中国社会运动及其发展规律,在认识世界和改造世界过程中不断把握规律、积极运用规律,推动党和人民事业取得了一个又一个胜利。历史和现实都表明,只有坚持历史唯物主义,我们才能不断把对中国特色社会主义规律的认识提高到新的水平,不断开辟当代中国马克思主义发展新境界。
习近平指出,社会存在决定社会意识。我们党现阶段提出和实施的理论和路线方针政策,之所以正确,就是因为它们都是以我国现时代的社会存在为基础的。党的十八届三中全会对我国全面深化改革作出了总体部署,是从我国现在的社会存在出发的,即从我国现在的社会物质条件的总和出发的,也就是从我国基本国情和发展要求出发的。
习近平强调,要学习和掌握社会基本矛盾分析法,深入理解全面深化改革的重要性和紧迫性。只有把生产力和生产关系的矛盾运动同经济基础和上层建筑的矛盾运动结合起来观察,把社会基本矛盾作为一个整体来观察,才能全面把握整个社会的基本面貌和发展方向。坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,必须不断适应社会生产力发展调整生产关系,不断适应经济基础发展完善上层建筑。我们提出进行全面深化改革,就是要适应我国社会基本矛盾运动的变化来推进社会发展。社会基本矛盾总是不断发展的,所以调整生产关系、完善上层建筑需要相应地不断进行下去。改革开放只有进行时、没有完成时,这是历史唯物主义态度。
习近平指出,要学习和掌握物质生产是社会生活的基础的观点,准确把握全面深化改革的重大关系。生产力是推动社会进步的最活跃、最革命的要素。社会主义的根本任务是解放和发展社会生产力。在全面深化改革中,我们要坚持发展仍是解决我国所有问题的关键这个重大战略判断,使市场在资源配置中起决定性作用和更好发挥政府作用,推动我国社会生产力不断向前发展,推动实现物的不断丰富和人的全面发展的统一。物质生产是社会历史发展的决定性因素,但上层建筑也可以反作用于经济基础,生产力和生产关系、经济基础和上层建筑之间有着作用和反作用的现实过程,并不是单线式的简单决定和被决定逻辑。我们提出全面深化改革的方案,是因为要解决我们面临的突出矛盾和问题,仅仅依靠单个领域、单个层次的改革难以奏效,必须加强顶层设计、整体谋划,增强各项改革的关联性、系统性、协同性。只有既解决好生产关系中不适应的问题,又解决好上层建筑中不适应的问题,这样才能产生综合效应。同时,只有紧紧围绕发展这个第一要务来部署各方面改革,以解放和发展社会生产力为改革提供强大牵引,才能更好推动生产关系与生产力、上层建筑与经济基础相适应。
习近平强调,要学习和掌握人民群众是历史创造者的观点,紧紧依靠人民推进改革。人民是历史的创造者。要坚持把实现好、维护好、发展好最广大人民根本利益作为推进改革的出发点和落脚点,让发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民,唯有如此改革才能大有作为。要处理好尊重客观规律和发挥主观能动性的关系。要坚持一切从实际出发,按照客观规律办事,一张蓝图抓到底,抓好打基础利长远的工作。同时,要鼓励地方、基层、群众大胆探索、先行先试,勇于推进理论和实践创新,不断深化对改革规律的认识。
习近平指出,我们党在中国这样一个有着13亿人口的大国执政,面对着十分复杂的国内外环境,肩负着繁重的执政使命,如果缺乏理论思维的有力支撑,是难以战胜各种风险和困难的,也是难以不断前进的。党的各级领导干部特别是高级干部,要原原本本学习和研读经典著作,努力把马克思主义哲学作为自己的看家本领,坚定理想信念,坚持正确政治方向,提高战略思维能力、综合决策能力、驾驭全局能力,团结带领人民不断书写改革开放历史新篇章。

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