Some Opinions concerning Deepening Structural and Mechanism Reform and Accelerating the Implementation of the Innovation-Driven Development Strategy
13 March 2015
Innovation is an important force in the progressive development of a country and a nation, and is an important force in promoting the progressive development of the entire human society. In the face of a new round of global scientific and technological revolution and major opportunities and challenges in industrial reform, in the face of the trends, changes and characteristics of a new economic normal, and in the face of the historical tasks and demands of the “Two Centenaries” struggle objectives, we must deepen structural and mechanism reform, accelerate the implementation of the Innovation-driven Development Strategy, the following opinions are hereby put forward.
I, General thinking and main objectives
To accelerate the implementation of the Innovation-driven Development Strategy, we must ensure that the market has a decisive role in the allocation of resources and give ever better rein to the role of government, do away with all mental barriers and institutional limitations fettering innovation, arouse the innovative vigour and creative potential of the entire society, enhance the efficiency and productivity of labour, information, knowledge, technology, management and capital, strengthen the linkages between science, technology and the economy, the linkages between innovation achievements and industry, the linkages between innovation programmes and current production forces, the linkages between research and development personnel’s innovative labour with their interests and incomes, strengthen the contribution of scientific and technological progress to economic development, and create a policy environment and institutional environment for mass creation and mass innovation.
– Persist in the orientation toward demand. Tightly grasp major demands for economic and social development, strive to build passageways connecting scientific and technological achievement with the transformation of existing productive forces, strive to eliminate obstacles to innovation by scientists, technological personnel, businesspeople and entrepreneurs, strive to resolve the constraints that factor drivers and investment drivers impose on changing innovation drivers, let innovation truly become a new growth point for creation, and transform the achievements of innovation into tangible industrial activity.
– Persist in putting talent first. We must make talent into the first resource for innovation, and put even more emphasis on training, using and attracting all kinds of talents well, stimulate the rational flow of talent, optimize training, and innovate talent training models; we must put even more emphasis on strengthening incentive mechanisms, and provide profit reciprocation and spiritual encouragement to scientific and technological personnel; we must put even more emphasis on giving rein to the innovative roles of entrepreneurs and skilled technology talent teams, and fully arouse the creative vitality of the entire society.
– Persist in abiding by laws. On the basis if the characteristics of scientific and technological movements, we must grasp the exploration and discovery laws of scientific research well, provide scientists with good conditions and a comfortable environment for diligent study, invention, creation and technological breakthroughs; grasp the market laws of technological innovation, let the market become the main method to optimize the allocation of innovative resources, let enterprises become the dominant force in technological innovation, let the intellectual property rights system become a basic guarantee to encourage innovation; forcefully construct a cultural and social atmosphere of daring to explore, encouraging innovation, and tolerating failure.
– Persist in comprehensive innovation. Put scientific and technological innovation in a central position in the overall picture of national development, comprehensively move scientific and technological structural reform and reform in economic and social areas forward, comprehensively move scientific, technological, management, branding, organizational and commercial model innovation forward, comprehensively move converged military-civilian innovation forward, comprehensively move cooperative inward and outward innovation forward, realize the organically unified and coordinated development of scientific and technological innovation, institutional innovation and openness innovation forward.
By 2020, an institutional environment, and policy and legal system suited to the needs of innovation-driven development must be basically formed, to provide powerful guarantees to enter into the ranks of innovative countries. Talent, capital, technology and knowledge are to circulate freely, enterprises, scientific research institutes and higher education institutes are to collaborate in innovation, with creative vitality vying to burst forth, innovation achievements are to gain full protection, the value of innovation is to be reflected more greatly, innovation resource efficiency and productivity is to rise substantially, innovation talents are to reasonably enjoy the benefits of innovation, this ensures that the Innovation-driven Development Strategy will be truly implemented, and so will build new engines to stimulate economic growth, employment and entrepreneurialism, it will build new advantages to participate in international competitiveness and cooperation, it will promote a new structure to shape sustainable development, and stimulate the transformation of economic development methods.
II, Construct a fair and competitive environment to encourage innovation.
Give rein to the fundamental role of market competition in encouraging innovation, create a fair, open and transparent market environment, strengthen the guidance of competition policies and industrial policies over innovation, stimulate the survival of the fittest, and strengthen the innovative drive of market subjects.
(1) Implement strict intellectual property rights protection systems.
Perfect intellectual property rights protection laws, research the reduction of barriers to pursue criminal liability for infringing acts, adjust compensation standards, and explore the implementation of punitive damages systems. Perfect rights holders’ rights defence mechanisms, rationally divide the evidentiary responsibilities of rights holders.
Perfect the legal structure for the protection of commercial secrets, clarify the boundary of commercial secrets and infringing acts, research the formulation of corresponding protection measures, and explore the establishment of pre-trial protection systems. Research intellectual property protection rules for commercial models and other such novel forms of innovation achievements.
Perfect intellectual property rights trial work mechanisms, move forward with the “uniting three trials” of civil, criminal and administrative intellectual property rights cases, vigorously give rein to the role of intellectual property rights courts, explore trial mechanisms for intellectual property cases across regions, destroy local protection for infringing acts.
Complete intellectual property rights investigation and prosecution mechanisms, strengthen the linkage between administrative law enforcement and the judiciary, strengthen comprehensive administrative intellectual property rights law enforcement, complete intellectual property rights defence assistance systems, and ensure that information about infringing acts is channelled into social credit records.
(2) Destroy sector monopolies and market fragmentation inhibiting innovation
Accelerate the reform of monopoly sectors, open up competitive activities in natural monopoly sectors, and establish uniform, transparent, orderly and standardized market environments encouraging innovation.
Realistically strengthen anti-monopoly law enforcement, timely discover and put an end to monopoly agreements, the abuse of a dominant market position and other such monopolistic acts, and provide a broader space for small and mid-size enterprises to innovate and develop.
Destroy local protection, clean away and eliminate provisions and methods that hamper uniform national markets, correct local governments’ acts of improper subsidy or the use of administrative powers to limit or eliminate competition, explore the implementation of fair competition investigation systems.
(3) Improve access management for new technologies, new products and new commercial models
Reform industrial access rules, formulate and implement negative industrial access lists, all kinds of market subjects are permitted to equally enter industries, areas and activities that are not listed on negative lists.
Destroy irrational access obstacles that inhibit the development of new technologies, new products and new commercial models. Establish convenient and effective supervision and management models for innovative products in medicine, medical equipment, etc., deepen examination and approval system reform, enhance evaluation resources in many channels, optimize workflows, shorten periods, and support the development of sub-contracted production and other new organizational models. Implement access policies in a focused manner for new-energy vehicles, wind power, solar power and other such areas.
Improve supervision and management over the Internet, finance, environmental protection, healthcare, culture, education and other such areas, support and encourage the development of new business models and new commercial models.
(4) Complete industrial technology policies and management structures
Reform industrial supervision and management structures, transform the current focus on preliminary examination and approval into a focus on supervision and management during and after activities, and create an industrial policy orientation that is beneficial to transformation and upgrading and that encourages innovation.
Strengthen the guiding and supervising role of industrial technology policy, clarify and progressively raise environmental, energy, and use, water use, material use, quality and security indicators and corresponding standards, and shape a market access standard system that is uniform, authoritative, open and transparent. Complete technological standard systems, and strengthen the formulation and implementation of binding standards.
Strengthen supervision over the process of implementing industrial technology policy and standards. Strengthen joint administrative law enforcement mechanisms connecting environmental protection, quality inspection, industry and commerce, security supervision and other such departments.
(5) Shape innovation mechanisms with reversed factor pricing
Mainly use mechanisms in which markets decide factor prices, stimulate enterprises to transform from relying on excessive consumption of resources and energy, low capacity and low costs to compete, towards relying on innovation and implementing differentiated competition.
Accelerate the reform of resource taxes, progressively broaden resource taxes to include all natural and ecological space that is occupied, and move forward with transforming the environmental protection fee into a tax. Perfect marketized industrial land use pricing mechanisms. Complete regular growth mechanisms for enterprise salaries, ensure that changes in labour costs are synergistically suited to increased economic quality.
III, Establish market guidance mechanisms for technological innovation
Give rein to the guiding role of markets in the orientation of technological research, the selection of paths and the allocation of all sorts of innovation resources, the adjustment of innovation policymaking and organizational models, strengthening universally beneficial policy support, stimulating enterprises in truly becoming subjects of technological innovation policymaking, research and development input, scientific research organization and the transformation of achievements.
(6) Broaden enterprises’ discourse power in state innovation policymaking
Establish high-level and regularized enterprise technology innovation dialogue and consultancy structures, give rein to the important role of enterprises and entrepreneurs in state innovation policymaking. Attract ever more enterprises to participate in the research and formulation of state technology innovation plans, programmes, policies and standards, corresponding expert consultancy groups are to have a relatively large proportion of industry experts and entrepreneurs.
State science and technology planning must focus on strategic needs, focus on deploying research in crucial areas where the markets cannot effectively allocate resources, The research orientation of technological innovation of competitive enterprises, their technological paths and factor allocation models are to be decided by enterprises autonomously on the basis of market demands.
(7) Perfect industrial technology innovation models with enterprises at the centre
Clearly market-oriented science and technology projects should be led by enterprises, guided by government and implemented jointly with higher education and scientific research institutes. It construction of strategic industrial technology innovation alliances with enterprises in the lead, and cooperation between industry, scholarship and research is encouraged.
Use more post-taxation subsidies, indirect input and other such methods to support enterprises’ autonomous policymaking and initial input, launch efforts to tackle key research and development questions in crucial and general industrial technology, equipment and standards.
Launch trial points for innovation transformation by leading enterprises, explore new mechanisms for government to support enterprises’ technological innovation, management innovation and commercial model innovation.
Perfect new service systems for small and mid-size enterprises, accelerate moving forward with the specialization and marketization of start-up incubators, intellectual property rights services, third-party inspection, monitoring and authentication bodies, expand technology trading markets.
Optimize the distribution of State laboratories, focus laboratories, project laboratories and project (technology) research centres, categorize and integrate them according to their functional orientation, build innovation networks that are open, shared and interactive, establish mechanisms that are effective and open to enterprises, especially small and mid-size enterprises. Explore the adoption of new models with enterprises in the lead, cooperation from institutes and schools, multilateral funding, military-civilian integration and achievement sharing in strategic areas, integrate the creation of a number of industrial innovation centres. Expand the extent to which major research and development infrastructure, large-scale scientific research instruments and basic patent information resources are open to society.
(8) Raise the support strength for universally preferential fiscal policies
Persist in the orientation of structural tax reduction, progressively turn State input methods into enterprises’ technological innovation mainly universally preferential fiscal policies.
Comprehensively plan and research weighted deduction policies for enterprise income tax, perfect the use of calculation methods for enterprise research and development costs, adjust catalogue management methods, broaden the scope of applicability of weighted deduction and universal preferential policies for research and development costs. Perfect methods to accredit high technology enterprises, focus on encouraging small and mid-size enterprises to expand their research and development strength.
(9) Complete procurement policies with preferential use of innovative products
Establish and complete policy systems to support the procurement of innovative products and services that conform to international norms, implement and perfect corresponding government procurement measures to stimulate the innovative development of small and mid-size enterprises, expand the procurement strength for innovative products and services. Encourage the adoption of first-sale, ordering and other non-tendered procurement methods, as well as providing support through government procurement services and other such methods, in order to stimulate the research, development and scaled-up application of innovative products.
Research and perfect policies for the use of first-generation major technology equipment, complete the preparation and use of incentive and control mechanisms for work units in product innovation, value-added services, demonstration, application and other such stages.
Ease the bounds for civilian enterprises and scientific research work units to enter into military goods research, development, production, maintenance and purchasing.
IV, Strengthen the function of financial innovation
Give rein to the boosting role of financial innovation in technological innovation, foster and expand start-up investment and capital markets, raise the flexibility and convenience of credit support for innovation, and create a good environment for all kinds of financial tools to support innovation and development in a coordinated manner.
(10) Expand the scope of investment in start-ups
Research and formulate laws and regulations for angel investment. According to the orientation and needs of fiscal reform, comprehensively research corresponding fiscal support policies for the investment during seeding period or newly established period of innovation activities, including angel investment.
Research and broaden preferential fiscal policies to stimulate start-up investment enterprises’ development, appropriately relax conditions and limitations on start-up investment enterprises investing in high technology enterprises, and on the basis of trials, let the scope of start-up investment enterprises investment deduction policies expand to include legal persons and partners in limited partnership start-up investment enterprises.
Integrate State-owned enterprise reform with the establishment of State-owned capital start-up investment funds, perfect incentive and constrain mechanisms for State-owned investment bodies. According to the principle of marketization, research the establishment of a State new industry start-up investment guidance fund, drive social capital to support strategic new industries and high technology industries during the early and middle periods, and to support the development of innovative enterprises during the start-up period.
Perfect regulations for foreign-invested start-up investment enterprises, effectively use foreign capital to invest in the area of innovation. Research corresponding policies for a fund for insurance for start-up investors.
(11) Strengthen support for technological innovation through capital markets
Accelerate start-up board market reform, strengthen institutional arrangements that are suited to the development of innovative and maturing enterprises, broaden the economic coverage of service entities, strengthen the funds circulation, M&A and trading functions of the nationwide small and mid-size enterprise stock transfer system, and standardize regional stock markets for the development of and service to small and micro-enterprises. Strengthen the organic connection of different levels of capital markets.
Give rein to the role of the Shenzhen and Shanghai stock exchanges’ shareholding mortgage and fund circulation mechanisms, support innovative and start-up enterprises meeting conditions to distribute company bonds. Support enterprises meeting conditions to distribute high-yield programme bonds, to raise funds for use in expanding input into innovation.
Promote the revision of corresponding laws and regulations, and explore the launch of intellectual property rights securitization services. Launch trials for crowd-funded shareholding, vigorously explore and standardize the development of Internet finance in service of innovation.
(12) Broaden indirect funding channel for technological innovation
Perfect laws concerning commercial banking. Choose financial bodies in the banking sector that meet conditions to explore trials to provide financial service methods combining shares and debts for enterprises’ innovation activities, and realize lending relationships with start-up investment and stock investment bodies.
Policy banks will, under the guidance of corresponding departments and supervisory bodies, accelerate innovation of financial products and service methods within their business scope, to expand credit support for enterprises’ innovation activities that meet conditions.
Steadily develop people-run banks, establish corresponding supervision and management systems, and support financial product innovations directed at the innovation needs of small and mid-size enterprises.
Establish marketized risk compensation mechanisms for intellectual property rights mortgage finance, simplify intellectual property rights mortgage finance processes. Accelerate the development of science and technology insurance, and move forward patent insurance trials.
V, Perfect incentive policies for the transformation of achievements
Strengthen respect for knowledge and respect for innovation, fully reflect the distributional orientation of the value of intellectual labour, and let scientific personnel obtain reasonable rewards for innovation activities, reflect innovation values through the application of achievements, and create wealth through the transformation of achievements.
(13) Accelerate the decentralization of science and technology achievement use, management and income powers
Incessantly summarize the experience of trials, integrate the categorized reform requirements of undertaking work units, as quickly as possible lower the use powers, management powers and income rights for scientific and technological achievements created with support of the financial administration and do not involve national defence, national security, the national interest or major social and public interests to programme undertaking work units meeting conditions. Work units’ controlling departments and financial departments are no longer to require examination, approval or filing for the use or management of scientific and technologic achievements within the country, income generated through the transformation of scientific and technological achievements is to be left with the work unit completely and brought into the work unit’s budget, uniform management is implemented, and operational income is not to be turned over to the Treasury.
(14) Raise the proportion of benefit for scientific research personnel from the transformation of achievements
Perfect professional invention systems, promote the revision of the Patent Law, the Company Law and other such relevant matters, perfect scientific and technological achievement, intellectual property ownership and profit sharing mechanisms, raise the proportion of backbone teams and major inventors. Perfect reward and compensation systems, and complete dispute resolution and legal relief systems for professional inventions.
Revise the provisions of corresponding laws and policies, In higher education institutes and scientific research institutes that are established with funding from the financial administration, the income from professional inventions and achievements is to be reasonably divided between contributing personnel and their work unit, it is permitted that the proportion of income used to reward scientific research personnel, backbone technology personnel and other major contributing personnel and teams is raised from the present minimum level of 20% to a minimum level of 50%.
State owned enterprise and undertaking work units are to calculate rewards for professional inventors and personnel or teams having made important contributions to the transformation of scientific and technological achievements as part of the salary value for that year, and not as a basic number for salary values.
(15) Expand shareholding incentives for scientific and technological personnel
Encourage all kinds of enterprises to muster the innovative vigour of scientific and technological personnel through shareholding, options, bonuses and other incentive methods.
In enterprises where higher education institutes and scientific research institutes, or other undertaking work units, are shareholders through the value of their scientific and technology achievements, limitations on shareholding incentives and share sales with respect to time limits from the establishment of the company or profit levels are to be relaxed.
Establish incentive systems to stimulate innovation in State-owned enterprises, implement shareholding rights and bonus rights incentives for technological personnel with major contributions to innovation.
Vigorously summarize the experience of trials, grasp the definition of conditions and standards for scientific and technological small and mid-size enterprises. Scientific research personnel in high technology enterprises and scientific or technological small and mid-size enterprises will in principle, when they receive income from shareholding rights or bonuses after the transformation of achievements, pay personal income tax in stages within a five years. Integrate this with personal income tax reform, and research policies to further incentivize innovation by scientific research personnel.
VI, Build even more efficient scientific research system.
Give rein to the leading and supporting role of scientific and technological research in driving innovation, respect laws, strengthen encouragement, divide work rationally, reform in a categorized manner, strengthen higher education institutes and scientific research institutes’ original innovation capacity and capacities to transform the general research and development of scientific research institutions.
(16) Optimize support methods for basic research
Realistically expand financial input into basic research, perfect mechanisms combining stable support and competitive support, expand stable support strength, support research organs in autonomously arranging their scientific research programmes, broaden the academic autonomy of higher education institutes and scientific research institutes and individuals’ power to select their research topics.
Reform scientific research planning and management methods in the area of basic research, abide by the laws of science, and establish tolerant systems supporting “non-consensus” innovation programmes.
Reform higher education institutes’ and scientific research institutes’ employment systems, optimize salary structures, and ensure that scientific research personnel enjoy reasonable levels of salary and remuneration. Perfect internal allocation systems, focus on favouring crucial positions, professional backbones and persons with prominent professional achievement.
(17) Expand encouragement for results in scientific research work.
Perfect undertaking work units’ result-based salary systems, complete allocation incentive mechanisms to encourage innovation and creation. Perfect management systems for overhead expenses in scientific research project, to strengthen incentives for results, and rationally compensate the work units that undertake projects for their overhead expenses and result-oriented payments. Work units undertaking projects should take into account the real contributions of scientific research personnel, openly and fairly arrange for result-oriented payments, which fully reflect the innovation value of scientific research personnel.
(18) Reform the scientific research evaluation system in higher education institutes and scientific research institutes
Strengthen categorized assessment of research activities in higher education institutes and scientific research institutes. Implement similar evaluation for basic research and advanced research, give prominence to medium and long term objectives, shift the evaluation focus from research achievement quantity to research quality, the value of original innovation and real contributions.
Strengthen State objectives and social responsibility evaluation of public interest research, regularly organize third-party evaluation for public interest research bodies, make the evaluation results into an important basis for financial support, and guide the establishment of mechanisms for public interest research bodies to rely on State resources to serve sectoral innovation.
(19) Deepen the transformation of scientific research institute reform
Persist in the direction of the turning technological development research bodies into enterprises, it is permitted to transform research institutes that undertake relatively many sectoral general research tasks into industrial technology research and development groups, conduct categorized management and categorized assessment of sectoral general technological research and market operation activities.
Promote the deep marketization reform of scientific research bodies that mainly engage in production and operations activities, let them attract social capital or go on the market completely, vigorously develop mixed ownership systems, and move forward the establishment of industrial technology alliances.
A number of teams in scientific research institutes under transformation, whose basic research abilities are relatively strong, are to be guided on the basis of a clear direction and standards, to come back to the public interest, participate in the construction of State focus laboratories, and supported to continue to undertake State work.
(20) Establish higher education institute and scientific research institute technology transformation mechanisms
Progressively realize a separation between higher education institutes and scientific research institutes and their subordinate companies, in principle, higher education institutes and scientific research institutes are no longer to set up new enterprises, and the external dissemination of scientific and technological achievements through licensing methods must be strengthened.
Strengthen higher education institutes’ and scientific research institutes’ intellectual property rights management, clarify the functional orientation of their subordinate technology transformation bodies, and strengthen their rights and obligations to apply for and utilize intellectual property rights.
Establish and perfect statistical and reporting systems for the transformation of scientific and technological achievements by higher education institutes and scientific research institutes, support the creation of scientific and technological achievements through funding by the finance administration, except for matters involving national defence, national security, the national interest and major social and public interests, it is permitted that the State forces the implementation of licensing where transformation has not taken place in a reasonable time period.
VII, Innovate mechanisms for fostering, using and attracting talent
Concentrate on constructing a line of new-type talent ranks on a large scale, who are rich in an innovative spirit, and who dare to bear risks, foster and attract talents according to the laws of innovation, let talents circulate freely according to the laws of the market, and realistically ensure everyone can apply their talents, talents are put to full use, and they are used successfully
(21) Build innovative types of talent fostering models
Launch heuristic, exploratory and research-oriented teaching method reform trials, carry forward a scientific spirit, create an innovation culture that encourages innovation and tolerates failure. Reform basic education and training methods, respect individual development, and strengthen training concerning interests, likes and creative thinking.
Put talent training central, strive to raise undergraduate teaching quality, accelerate the transformation of a number of common undergraduate higher education institutes into applied technology higher education institutes, launch joint school-company student recruitment and training models, expand collaborative school-company education channels and methods.
Categorically reform graduate student training methods, explore new training models for degree graduate students integrating science and education, expand the proportion of socialist degree graduate students, enhance the convergence of education and practice.
Encourage higher education institutes to compare themselves to similar international top-flight disciplines, launch international disciplinary evaluations, broaden cooperation and exchange, and steadily enhance the process of internationalization in higher education.
(22) Establish and complete two-way circulation mechanisms for scientific research talent
Improve scientific research personnel’s remuneration and position management systems, do away with structural and mechanistic obstacles to talent circulation, and stimulate scientific research personnel to rationally circulate between undertaking work units and enterprises.
Personnel of scientific research institutes meeting conditions may, with the permission of their work unit, take their scientific research projects and achievements to enterprises to launch innovation work or establish enterprises, with maintenance of a basic salary.
It is permitted that higher education institutes and scientific research institutes establish a certain proportion of mobile positions, and attract entrepreneurs with practical innovation experience and enterprise science and technology talents part-time. There will be trials with making experience with having a position in enterprise into a necessary condition for new appointments of engineering teaching staff in higher education institutes.
Accelerate social security system reform, perfect policies for scientific research personnel to continue their social security relationships when they circulate between enterprises, and stimulate the free two-way circulation of talent.
(23) Implement even more structures to attract competitive talent
Formulate life-ling residence management opinions for foreigners, accelerate legislation concerning the management of life-long residence for foreigners, standardize and relax conditions for technological talents to obtain foreigner life-long residence permits, explore the establishment of a technological migrant system. In the setting up science and technology enterprises and other such innovation activities, high-level talents with a foreign nationality that have a life-long foreigner residence permit are to be granted equal treatment to Chinese citizens.
Accelerate the formulation of work management regulations for foreigners in China, foreign talents meeting conditions are to be granted convenient work permits, foreign talents meeting conditions and their accompanying dependents are to be given convenient visas and residence permits. High-level foreign scientific and technological innovation talents meeting certain conditions are to be exempt from age limitations on work permission in China.
Concentrate on major national needs and face the world in attracting chief scientists and other high-level scientific and technological innovation talents. Establish systems for visiting scholars. Broadly attract foreign high-level talents to come (back) to China and engage in innovative research.
Steadily enhance the external openness of the human resources market, progressively relax foreign capital shareholding requirements and minimum registered capital requirements for foreign-invested intermediary talent service bodies. Encourage domestic human resources services bodies meeting conditions to go out and launch cooperation with foreign human resources service bodies, establish branch organs abroad, and vigorously participate in international talent competition and cooperation.
VIII, Promote the creation of a new situation of deeply converged, open innovation
Persist in integrating import and export, enter into global innovation network with an even more energetic attitude, attract global innovation resources with an even more broad mind, promote technology and standard export with even more vigorous tactics, and build open innovation mechanisms at a high level.
(24) Encourage cross-border circulation of innovation factors
For foreign exchange necessary to launch international research and development cooperation programmes, it is implemented that research and developments make commitment first, and commerce, science and technology, and taxation departments jointly supervise the matter afterwards.
Categorized management will be conducted over scientific research personnel leaving the country for work reasons, and quantitative restriction and management policies to temporarily leave the country for work reasons will be relaxed.
Reform inspection and management, conduct categorized management on equipment, samples and specimens required for research and development, under the precondition of guaranteeing security, adopt focus verification, spot checks, inspection exemption and other measures to raise the efficiency if verification.
(25) Optimize foreign innovation investment management systems.
Complete comprehensive coordination mechanisms, to resolve major issues in a coordinate manner, joint forces to support domestic technology, products and brands to march out, and expand international markets. Strengthen technology trading measure evaluation and risk prevention mechanisms.
Research the establishment of foreign innovation investment funds through sponsoring by State-owned focus finance bodies, foreign exchange reserves are to participate in the establishment of fund work through debt, shareholding and other methods, use global innovation resources even more and even better.
Encourage publicly-traded enterprises to invest in innovation-type programmes abroad, reform investment information disclosure systems, under the precondition that corresponding departments determine that there is no influence on national security and economic security, and on the basis of progress of commercial negotiations between Chinese and foreign enterprises, disclose information at a suitable time.
(26) Broaden the external openness of science and technology planning
Formulate management rules for the external openness of State science and technology plans, according to the principle of reciprocal openness and guaranteeing security, vigorously encourage and guide foreign-funded research and development bodies to participate in and undertake State science and technology planning programmes.
In areas such as fundamental research and research on major global questions, comprehensively consider the needs of State science and technology development and strategic objective, research and sponsor international big science plans and projects, attract top-level foreign scientists and teams to participate. Vigorously participate in large-scale international science and technology cooperation plans. Guide foreign-funded research and development centres to launch high-added value original research and development activities, guide internationally renowned scientific research bodies to come to China and jointly establish international science and technology centres.
IX, Strengthen comprehensive innovation policy coordination
Give even better rein to the government’s role in moving innovation forward. Reform science and technology management systems, accelerate innovation policy evaluation, examination and result assessment, and shape a long-lasting and effective innovation governance system with clear duties and responsibilities, vigorous performance, powerful coordination.
(27) Strengthen the comprehensive planning of innovation policies
Strengthen the comprehensive coordination and effective linkage of policies, plans and reform measures in science, technology, the economy, society and other such areas, and strengthen converged civil-military innovation. Give rein to the supporting role of science and technology circles and think tanks in innovation policymaking.
Establish innovation policy coordination and examination mechanisms, organize the launch of a clean-up of innovation policies, timely eliminate policy clauses that violate new laws, impede emerging industries and emerging business models, and inspect whether newly enacted policies constrain innovation or not.
Establish innovation policy survey and evaluation systems, broadly hear the opinions of enterprises and the social masses, regularly conduct follow-up analysis of policy implementation, and timely adjust and perfect them.
(28) Perfect evaluation systems oriented towards innovation drivers
Improve and perfect GDP calculation methods, to reflect the economic value of innovation. Research and establish Innovation-driven Development evaluation indicators combining science and technology innovation, intellectual property rights and industrial development, and bring them into national economic and social development planning.
Complete technological innovation and operational assessment systems for State-owned enterprises, enlarge the proportion of technological innovation in the operational assessment of State-owned enterprises. Conduct categorized assessment of State-owned enterprises’ research and development input and output, creates assessment mechanisms that encourage innovation and tolerate failure. Bring the results of Innovation-driven Development into the assessment scope for local leading cadres.
(29) Reform science and technology management structures.
Transform government science and technology management functions, establish mechanisms that rely on specialist bodies to manage scientific research programmes, government departments are no longer to directly manage concrete programmes, they are mainly responsible for scientific and technological development plans, schemes, policies, deployments, assessment and supervision.
Establish open and uniform national science and technology management platforms, complete mechanisms for the comprehensive planning and coordination of macro-level science and technology policymaking, strengthen departments’ functionality and division of labour, comprehensively link basic research, applied research, the transformation of achievements, industrial development and other such segments.
Further clarify the science and technology management powers and functional orientation of the Centre and localities, establish joint coordination mechanisms with integrated powers and responsibilities, and raise administrative effect. 0
(30) Move forward with comprehensive innovation reform trials
Following the law that innovative areas are highly concentrated, provinces (autonomous regions, municipalities) meeting conditions are to systematically move forward comprehensive innovation reform trials, they are authorized to launch reform trials for intellectual property rights, scientific research institutes, higher education, talent circulation, international cooperation, financial innovation, incentive mechanisms, market access, etc., they must strive to make breakthroughs in focus areas and crucial segments, timely summarize and disseminate experience, play a demonstration and leading role, and stimulate the profound implementation of the Innovation-driven Development strategy.
All levels’ Party Committees and governments must give this matter high attention, strengthen leadership, and make deepening structural and mechanism reform, as well as accelerating the implementation of the Innovation-driven Development strategy into a major task to implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and its 2nd, 3rd and 4th Plenums, and implement it earnestly. Relevant sides must cooperate closely, reform tasks must be divided, time forms and roadmaps made clear, and responsible departments and persons appointed. Propaganda and public opinion guidance concerning a culture of innovation must be strengthened, in order to propagate reform experiences, respond to social concerns and guide social public opinion, creating a good social environment for innovation.