State Council Guiding Opinions concerning Vigorously Moving Forward the “Internet Plus” Plan

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GF No. (2015)40

All provincial, autonomous region and municipal People’s Governments, all State Council ministries and commissions, all subordinate bodies:

“Internet Plus” is the profound integration of the innovation achievements of the Internet with all areas of the economy and society, it promotes technological progress, efficiency improvement and organizational reform, it enhances innovation and productivity in the real economy and creates new, even broader economic and social development circumstances with the Internet as basic infrastructure and innovation of factors. In a new round of scientific and technological revolution, as well as industrial reform worldwide, the Internet has vast prospects and limitless potential for converged development with all areas, it has already become an unstoppable tide of the times, and is having a strategic and comprehensive influence on the economic and social development of all countries. Vigorously giving rein to the comparative advantages that our country’s Internet has already created, grasping opportunities, strengthening confidence and accelerating the development of “Internet Plus”, will benefit the remoulding of innovation systems, stimulating innovative dynamism, fostering new business models and innovative public service models, and has an important role in the forging of mass entrepreneurship, mass innovation and strengthening the “double engine” of public products and public services, in actively adapting to and guiding the new normal of economic development, shaping new drivers for economic development and realizing the qualitative improvement and efficiency of the Chinese economy.

In recent years, our country has gained positive progress in areas such as Internet technology, industry, applications as well as cross-sectoral convergence, it already possesses a firm basis to accelerate moving forward with the development of “Internet Plus”, but problems also exist, such as the fact that traditional enterprises have insufficient consciousness about and abilities to use the Internet, that Internet enterprises have an insufficiently deep understanding of traditional industries, that the development of new business models faces systemic and mechanistic obstacles, that intersectoral convergence talents are gravely lacking, etc., these urgently need to be resolved. In order to accelerate the promotion of the deep convergence of the Internet and other areas, innovation and development, to fully give rein to the important role of “Internet Plus” in stable growth, stimulating reform, adjusting structures, improving the people’s livelihood and preventing risk, hereby, the following opinions to vigorously move forward the “Internet Plus” programme are put forward.

I, Programme requirements

(1) Overall thinking

Conform with the global “Internet Plus” development trends, fully give rein to the superiority of scale and application of our country’s internet, promote that the Internet expands from the consumption area to the production area, accelerate the enhancement of industrial development levels, strengthen innovation capabilities in all sectors, build new economic and social development superiorities and functions. Persist in reform, innovation and orientation towards market demand, give prominence to the dominant role of enterprises, and forcefully expand the breadth and depth of the Internet’s convergence with all areas of the economy and society. Strive to deepen structural and mechanisms reform, liberate development potential and vitality; strive to improve storage, promote enhancements in economic quality and efficiency, as well as transformation and upgrading; strive to expand quantities, foster new business models, and forge new growth points; strive to innovate government service models, lay a firm basis for the development of the network, create a secure network environment, and increase public service levels.

(2) Basic principles.

Persisting in openness and sharing. Create an open and inclusive development environment, make the Internet into an important platform for production and life factor sharing, optimize resource allocation to the greatest possible extent, accelerate the creation of new economic and social operational models characterized by openness and sharing.

Persisting in converged innovation. Encourage traditional enterprises to establish Internet ways of thinking, and vigorously integrate with “Internet Plus”. Promote that the Internet rapidly permeates into all areas of the economy and society, stimulate innovation through convergence, assemble the innovative power of all kinds of market factors to the greatest possible extent, and promote that converged new industries become new drivers and pillars for economic development.

Persisting in change and transformation. Fully give rein to the platform role of the Internet in stimulating industrial upgrading as well as the deep convergence of informatization and industrialization, guide factors and resources to concentrate in the real economy, promote reform of production methods and development methods. Innovate networked public service models, substantially enhance public service capabilities.

Persisting in pioneering leaps. Consolidate and enhance the development superiorities of our country’s Internet, strengthen forward-looking arrangements in focus areas, take Internet convergence and innovation as breakthrough points, foster and expand new industries, lead a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, realize leapfrogging-style development.

Persisting in security and order. Perfect Internet convergence standards and norms, as well as laws and regulations, strengthen a security consciousness, strengthen security management and protection, guarantee network security. Establish scientific and effective market supervision and management models, stimulate orderly market development, protect public competition, and prevent the creation of sectoral monopolies and market barriers.

(3) Development objectives.

By 2018, the convergence of the Internet and all areas of the economy and society is to be further deepened, Internet-based new business models are to become a driver of economic growth, the role of the Internet in supporting entrepreneurship by the masses and innovation by the masses is to further strengthen, the Internet is to become a major means for providing public services, and a structure for integrated development between the online economy and the real economy is to be established.

– Economic development is to further enhance in quality and grow in efficiency. The Internet is to gain positive effects in stimulating transformation and upgrading in manufacturing, agriculture, energy, environmental protection and other such sectors, labour productivity is to increase further. Internet-based new business models are to emerge incessantly, e-commerce and Internet finance are to develop rapidly, and its stimulating role to economic quality improvement and efficiency enhancement is to become even more prominent.

– Social services are to become more convenient and universal. The application of the Internet in areas of the people’s livelihood including healthcare, education and traffic is to become ever richer, public services are to become more varied, and the online-offline integration is to become closer. Social service resource allocation is to be optimized incessantly, so that the masses receive fairer, more efficient, better quality and more convenient services.

– Basic support is to be further consolidated and improved. Network infrastructure and industrial bases are to be effectively consolidated and strengthened, application support and security guarantee capabilities are to strengthen clearly. The development of fixed broadband networks, next-generation mobile telecommunications networks and next-generation Internet is to accelerate, the Internet of Things, cloud computing and other such novel infrastructure is to become more complete. Man-made artificial intelligence technologies and capabilities for their industrialization are to strengthen clearly.

– The development environment is to be further opened up and made inclusive. All of society is to incessantly deepen its understanding of Internet convergence and innovation, the structural and mechanistic obstacles that converged Internet development faces are to be effectively eliminated, public data resource openness is to be substantively enhanced, corresponding standards, norms, credit systems, laws and regulations are to be progressively perfected.

By 2025, a networked, intelligent, service-oriented and coordinated “Internet Plus” industrial ecology system is to be basically completed, the beginnings of a new “Internet Plus” industry shape are to be formed, and “Internet Plus” is to become an important driving force for economic and social innovation and development

II, Focus activities

(1) “Internet Plus” entrepreneurialism and innovation.

Fully give rein to the innovation driving role of the Internet, promote the collection, openness and sharing of all categories of factors with stimulating start-ups and innovation as focus point, forcefully develop mass creation spaces, open innovation, etc., guide and promote all of society to create a thick atmosphere for mass start-ups and mass innovation, and forge new engines for economic development. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Commerce etc., ere responsible, the first listed is the leading department, similar hereafter)

  1. Strengthening support for start-ups and innovation. Encourage large-scale Internet enterprises and basic telecommunications enterprises to use their technological superiorities and integrate industrial capabilities, open up platform access, data and information, computing abilities and other such resources to small and micro-enterprises and start-up groups, provide support and services concerning research and development tools, business management, market retail and other such areas, raise the informatization application levels of small and micro enterprises, foster and incubate start-up enterprises with good commercial models. Fully utilize the basic conditions of the Internet, perfect public service platform networks for small and micro enterprises, collect start-up and innovation resources, and provide services that small and micro-enterprises can find, can use, and are guaranteed.
  2. Vigorously developing mass creation spaces. Fully give rein to the open innovation superiorities of the Internet to muster the forces of all of society, support the development of innovative factories, maker spaces, social laboratories, smart small and micro enterprise start up bases and other such new mass creation spaces. Fully use national indigenous innovation demonstration bases, science and technology corporation incubators, university science and technology parks, concentration areas for trading enterprises, small and micro enterprise start-up demonstration bases and other such existing conditions, build a batch of mass creation spaces through market methods, which integrate innovation with start-ups, online and off-line, incubation and investment, provide low-cost convenient and completely equipped work spaces, network spaces social interaction spaces and resource sharing spaces for entrepreneurs. Implement the “double creation” campaign for emerging industries, establish a batch of “double creation” demonstration bases for emerging industries, and accelerate the development of “Internet Plus” start-up network spaces.
  3. Developing open innovation. Encourage all kinds of innovation subjects to use the Internet, grasp the orientation of market demand, strengthen innovation resource sharing and cooperation, stimulate the timely transformation of advanced technological and innovation achievements, and build open innovation systems. Promote joint collaboration between all kinds of start-up and innovation support policies and open Internet platforms, and provide green channel services for start-up groups and individual developers. Accelerate the development of the start-up services sector, vigorously popularize crowdsourcing, user-participated design, cloud computing and other such emerging research, development and organizational models, guide the establishment of exchange and collaboration platforms between all walks of society, promote cross-regional and cross-area transmission of technological achievements and coordinated innovation.

(1) “Internet Plus”-coordinated manufacturing.

Promote the convergence of the Internet and the manufacturing sector, , enhance the digitalization, networking and smart levels of the manufacturing sector, strengthen cooperation across industrial chains, develop new coordinated manufacturing models based on the Internet. Move forward with smart manufacturing, large-scale individualized production, networked coordinated manufacturing and service-type manufacturing in focus areas, forge a batch of public networked coordinated manufacturing service platforms, and accelerate the creation of networked industrial ecology systems in the manufacturing systems. (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Development and Reform Commission and most to jointly take the lead)

  1. Forcefully developing smart manufacturing. With smart factories as development direction, launch smart manufacturing trials and demonstrations, accelerate the promotion of applying technologies such as cloud computing, the Internet of Things, smart industrial robots, additive manufacturing, etc., in production processes, move forward with upgrading and making smart production equipment, transforming technological processes and the sharing of basic data. Strive to obtain breakthroughs in core segments such as work control systems, smart sensing components, industrial cloud platforms, operating systems and industrial software, etc., strengthen the exploitation and use of industrial big data, effectively support the smartification of the manufacturing sector, and build open, shared and cooperative smart manufacturing industry ecologies.
  2. Developing large-scale and individualized production. Support enterprises in using the Internet to collect [information] and link up with individualized user demands, move forward with flexibilization in design, research and development, production, manufacturing and supply chain management, and other such segments, launch innovation of service models and commercial models based on individualized products. Encourage Internet enterprises to integrate market information, excavate segmented market demands and development trends, and provide policymaking support for enterprises to launch individualized production.
  3. Enhancing network-coordinated manufacturing levels. Encourage backbone enterprises in the manufacturing sector to tighten coordination with all segments of the industry chain through the Internet, stimulate the complete interlinkage of production, quality control and operational management systems, and promote new models such as crowdsourced design, research and development, as well as networked manufacturing. Encourage powerful Internet enterprises to build network-coordinated manufacturing public service platforms, provide cloud manufacturing services to segmented sectors, stimulate the collection and linkage of innovation resources, production capacity and market demand, enhance service capacity for small and mid-size enterprises, accelerate the effective coordination of all of society’s varied manufacturing resources, and raise the industry chain’s capacity for resource integration.
  4. Accelerate the service-based transformation of the manufacturing sector. Encourage manufacturing enterprises to use technologies such as the Internet of Things, cloud computing, big data, etc., to integrate product whole-lifespan data, create policymaking and service information aimed at the entire process of production organization, and provide data support for product optimization and upgrading. Encourage enterprises to launch Internet-based accident warning, long-term maintenance, quality diagnosis, long-distance process optimization and other such online value added services, expand the product value space, and realize a transformation and upgrading from manufacturing to “manufacturing + services”.

(3) Modern “Internet Plus” agriculture.

Use the Internet to enhance agricultural production, operations, management and service levels, foster a batch of networked, smart and detailed modern new models for ecological “breed cultivation plus” agriculture, create demonstration and driving effects, accelerate the perfection of new kinds of agricultural production and operations systems, foster varied agricultural Internet management service models, progressively establish tracing systems for the quality and security of agricultural by-products and agricultural production factors, stimulate a clear upgrade in the modernization levels of agriculture. (Ministry of Agriculture, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Commerce, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Food and Drug Supervision Administration, Forestry Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Building new kinds of agricultural production and operations systems. Encourage Internet enterprises to build agricultural service platforms, support specialized bug businesses, household farms, peasant cooperatives, agricultural industry leading enterprises and other such new kinds of agricultural production and operations subject to strengthen the linkage between production and sales, and to realize a transformation of agricultural production from production-oriented to consumption-oriented. Raise the scientization, organization and detailing levels of agricultural production and operations, move forward with agricultural production flow and sales method reform as well as a transformation of agricultural development methods, enhance agricultural production efficiency and value-added space. Standardize and use well rural land transfer public service platforms, enhance the transparency of land transfers, and guarantee peasants’ rights.
  2. Developing detailed production methods. Popularize mature and reproducible agricultural Internet of Things application models. In areas and regions with a relatively good basis, popularize networked agricultural and environmental monitoring systems based on environmental sensing, real-time monitoring and automatic control. In agricultural staple production regions, build agricultural Internet of Things monitoring systems integrating celestial and terrestrial elements, adopt smart water savings and irrigation, land monitoring and fertilization, farm machine-oriented cultivation and other detailed methods. In standardized poultry breeding bases and healthy aquaculture breeding demonstration bases, promote the application, popularization and interconnection of accurate feeding input, automatic disease diagnosis, automatic waste collection and other smart equipment.
  3. Enhancing networked service levels. Deeply move forward with trials concerning information entering into villages and households, encourage the provision of production and life information services concerning policies, markets, science and technology, guarantees, etc., to peasants through the Internet. Support Internet enterprises to collaborate with agricultural production and operations subjects, comprehensively use big data, cloud computing and other such technologies to establish agricultural information monitoring systems, provide services for early warning concerning disasters, arable land quality monitoring, major fauna and flora illnesses, market fluctuation forecasting, scientific operations policymaking, etc.
  4. Perfecting quality and safety tracing systems for agricultural by-products. Fully use existing Internet resources to build public service platforms for quality and safety tracing of agricultural by-products, move forward with the construction of rules and standards, establish linked mechanisms for permission to leave the location of production and for access to the market. Support new kinds of agricultural production and operations subjects to use Internet technology to conduct detailed and informatized management of production and operations processes, accelerate the promotion of applying information technologies such as mobile Internet, the Internet of Things, QR codes, RFID, etc., in production, processing, distribution and sales, strengthen the interlinkage of upstream and downstream tracing systems as well as information interconnection and sharing, incessantly broaden the coverage of tracing systems, ensure that the entire process of agricultural by-products “from field to table” becomes traceable, and ensure that “there is safety on the top of the tongue”.

(4) Smart “Internet Plus” energy.

Stimulate the flattening of energy systems through the Internet, move forward with a paradigmatic revolution in energy production and consumption, raise the usage efficiency of energy, and promote energy savings. Strengthen the construction of distributed energy networks, raise the proportion of renewable energies, and stimulate the optimization of energy usage structures. Accelerate the transformation of electricity generation facilities, electricity usage facilities and the intelligence of electricity networks, raise the security, stability and reliability of electrical power systems. (Ministry of Energy, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, etc., are responsible)

  1. Moving forward with making energy production intelligent. Establish public service networks to monitor, manage and control information concerning the production and usage of energy, strengthen the information linkages of upstream and downstream enterprises in the energy industry chain and the intelligence of production and consumption, support the coordinated operation of electricity plants and electricity networks, stimulate coordinated energy production between non-fossil energy and fossil energy. Encourage energy enterprises to use big data technologies to conduct analysis, excavation and monitoring of data concerning the state of facilities, energy loads, etc., launch precise control, breakdown assessment and predictive maintenance, and raise the usage efficiency, safety and stability levels of energy.
  2. Building distributed energy networks. Establish and energy Internet with coordinated complementarity between many forms of energy with renewable energy at the core. Make breakthroughs in key technologies such as distributed electricity production, energy storage, smart micro-networks, active distribution networks, etc., build smart electricity usage monitoring and management technology platforms, ensure that electrical facilities and electricity-using terminals can conduct Internet-based bidirectional communication and smart coordination, realize the timely and effective access of distributed energy sources, and progressively build open and shared energy networks.
  3. Exploring new models for energy consumption. Launch regional trials for green electricity trading services, move forward with using smart electricity grids as distribution platforms, use e-commerce as trading platforms, converge energy storage facilities, the Internet of Things, smart electricity use equipment and other such hardware as well as carbon trading, Internet finance and other derivative services to serve the development of green energy networks, realize point-to-point green energy trading and real-time distribution and subsidy computing. Further strengthen the coordination and matching of energy production and consumption, move forward with the application of electric vehicles, port electricity and other such electric replacement technologies, expand management of the demand side of electricity, and raise the usage efficiency of energy. Based on distributed energy networks, develop user terminal intelligence functions, an energy sharing economy and free energy trading, stimulate the construction of an energy consumption ecology and system.
  4. Developing energy grid-based telecommunications equipment and new kinds of businesses. Move forward with the project to extent electricity glass fibre into households, perfect energy Internet information telecommunications systems. Comprehensively deploy basic network facilities with convergence between electricity networks and telecommunications networks, realize same-cable transmission, joint construction and sharing, and avoid duplicate construction. Encourage new businesses that rely on smart electricity networks and develop household energy management, etc.

(5) Universal “Internet Plus” finance.

Stimulate the healthy development of Internet finance, comprehensively enhance Internet finance service capabilities and universality levels, encourage the converged innovation of the Internet with banks, securities, insurance, and funds, provide rich, safe and convenient financial products and services to the masses, even better satisfy the investment needs of entities at different levels, and foster a batch of innovative Internet finance enterprises with influence in the sector. (People’s Bank, Banking Supervision Commission, Securities Supervision Commission, Insurance Supervision Commission, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Exploring moving forward with the construction of Internet finance cloud service platforms. Explore that Internet enterprises build Internet finance cloud service platforms. Support financial enterprises and cloud computing technology providers to cooperate in the launch of public financial cloud services on the basis of guaranteeing technical maturity and professional security, provide diversified, individualized and detailed financial products. Support banking, securities and insurance enterprises to steadily implement systemic framework transformation, encourage the exploration of using cloud service platforms to launch key financial activities, and provide public services based on cloud finance service platforms concerning credit, authentication, interfacing, etc.
  2. Encouraging financial bodies to use the Internet to broaden service coverage. Encourage various financial organs to use cloud computing, mobile Internet, big data and other such technological methods to accelerate financial product and service innovation, provide convenient lending, payment and settlement, credit intermediary platform and other such financial services in broader regions, broaden the scope of universal financial services, and provide effective support for the development of the real economy. Support financial bodies and Internet enterprises to launch online lending, online securities, online insurance, Internet-based selling and other such activities according to the law and in conformity with regulations. Broaden trials concerning specialized Internet insurance companies, fully give rein to the roles of the insurance sector in preventing risks in Internet finance. Promote the complete application of integrated circuit cards, and enhance the usage rate and convenience of e-cash. Give rein to the role of mobile financial security trustworthiness public service platforms, vigorously promote that commercial banks launch innovative applications of mobile finance, stimulate the upscaled application of mobile finance in e-commerce, public services and other such areas. Support the banking sector and financial bodies to draw support from Internet technology to develop consumer credit activities, and support financial lending companies to use Internet technologies to launch financial lending activities.
  3. Vigorously expanding the depth and breadth of Internet finance service innovation. Encourage Internet enterprises to provide innovative financial products and services according to the law and in conformity with regulations, even better satisfy the investment demands of small, mid-size and micro-enterprises, innovative enterprises and individuals. Standardize the development of online lending and Internet consumer credit activities, and explore the innovation of Internet finance services. Vigorously guide risk investment funds, private equity investment funds and industrial investment funds to invest in Internet finance enterprises. Use big data to develop marketized individual credit information activities, accelerate the construction of online credit information and credit evaluation systems. Strengthen consumer rights protection and investor protection in Internet finance, build diversified financial consumption dispute settlement mechanisms. Enhance and perfect Internet finance supervision and management, raise the security of finance services, effectively prevent Internet finance risks and external effects.

(6) “Internet Plus” public welfare services.

Fully give rein to the superiority of the Internet in terms of efficiency and convenience, to raise the usage rate of resources and reduce the consumption costs of services. Forcefully develop emerging forms of consumption with the Internet as carrier and mutual stimulation between the online and offline environment, accelerate the development of Internet-based emerging services in healthcare, care for the elderly, education, tourism, social security, etc., innovate governmental service models, and increase government’s scientific policymaking capabilities and management levels. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Ministry of Commerce, Health and Family Planning Commission, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Food and Drug Supervision Administration, Forestry Administration, Tourism Administration, Cyberspace Administration, Letters and Visits Bureau, etc., are responsible)

  1. Innovating networked government management and services. Accelerate the profound convergence of the Internet with governmental public service systems, promote the openness of public data resources, stimulate innovative public service provision and service resource integration, and build integrated online public service systems aimed at the masses. Vigorously explore new networked social management service models with mass participation, fully utilize Internet and mobile Internet application platforms to accelerate the development and construction of governmental new media, strengthen communication and exchange between government and the people, raise the response speed of governmental public management, public services and public policy formulation, enhance the government’s scientific policymaking capability and social governance levels, stimulate the transformation of governmental functions, administrative streamlining and decentralization of powers. Deeply move forward with online letters and visits, raise the quality, efficiency and credibility of letters and visits work. Encourage governments and internet enterprises to collaborate in establishing credit information sharing platforms, explore the launch of a batch of Internet social management application trials, break open data barriers between government departments as well as enterprise and undertaking work units, use big data analysis methods to enhance the social governance ability of all levels’ governments. Strengthen propaganda of the “Internet Plus” plan, and raise the extent of mass participation.
  2. Developing new business models for convenient services for the people. Develop a learning economy, support brick-and-mortar retailers to comprehensively use online stores, mobile payment, smart clothes fitting and other such new technologies to forge learning shopping models. Develop community economies, foster new community service models integrating online and offline in areas such as food and drink, entertainment, home management, etc. Develop the sharing economy, standardize the development of online taxi booking, vigorously popularize online home rentals and other such new business models, strive to break through bottlenecks and constraints such as high access barriers, difficult service standardization, a lack of individual credit information, etc. Develop Internet-based culture, media, tourism and other such services, foster emerging business models in many forms. Vigorously popularize mobile Internet access-based urban services, launch online social security transaction, individual social security rights inquiry, cross-regional medical coverage settlements and other such Internet applications, and let the common people enjoy convenient and efficient services from their own homes.
  3. Popularize online new online healthcare and medicine models. Develop Internet-based healthcare and medicine services, support third-party bodies in constructing healthcare information sharing platforms for medical images, health files, examination reports, electronic case histories, etc., progressively establish cross-hospital healthcare data and exchange standard systems. Vigorously us mobile Internet to provide online diagnosis and treatment appointments, appointment reminders, prescription fulfilment, diagnosis and treatment report inquiry, drug supply and other convenient services. Guide healthcare bodies in launching long-distance healthcare services such as grass-roots examination and higher-level diagnosis aimed at small and mid-size cities and rural regions. Encourage Internet enterprises to collaborate with healthcare bodies in establishing online healthcare information platforms, strengthen regional healthcare and medicine services resource integration, fully use Internet, big data and other such methods to raise capacity to control major illnesses and sudden public health incidents. Vigorously explore the application of online healthcare and medicine services such as the online extension of doctors’ orders, electronic prescriptions, etc. Encourage medical inspection bodies and healthcare service bodies meeting qualifications to develop genetic monitoring, genetic prevention and other such health services jointly with Internet enterprises.
  4. Stimulating the development of the smart health and elder care industry. Support the innovation and application of smart health products, popularize new methods for the comprehensive quantification of healthy lives. Encourage health service bodies to use cloud computing, big data and other such technologies to build public information platforms, provide long-term tracking, forecasting and early warning, and other such individualized health management services. Develop third-party online health market surveys, consultancy and evaluation, prevention, management and other such applications and services, and enhance levels of operational scale and specialization. Rely on existing Internet resources and social forces to build elder care information service network platforms with communities at the basis, provide domestic elder care services such as nursing, health management, recovery and care, etc. Encourage elder care service bodies to use mobile Internet-based convenient examination, emergency call-out and other such facilities, and raise the service levels of elder care.
  5. Exploring new educational service provision methods. Encourage Internet enterprises to launch digital education resources with social education bodies on the basis of market demand, and provide networked education services. Encourage schools to use digital education resources and education service platforms, progressively explore new networked education models, broaden the coverage of excellent educational resources, and stimulate educational fairness. Encourage schools to link up online and offline education resources through collaboration with Internet enterprises and other such methods, encourage basic education, professional education and other such public education services to provide new methods. Promote the launch of degree education and online course resource sharing, popularize massive online open courses and other such online study models, explore the establishment of online education study credit recognition and credit transfer rules, and accelerate the promotion of service model reform in higher education.

(7) High-efficiency “Internet Plus” logistics.

Accelerate the construction of cross-sectoral and cross-regional logistics information service platforms, and raise the connectivity and usage rate of logistics supply and demand information. Encourage the application of big data and cloud computing in the area of logistics, build smart storage systems, optimize logistics operational workflows, enhance the automatization, smartness levels and operational efficiency of logistics and storage, and reduce logistics costs. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Traffic and Transportation, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Build logistics information sharing and connection systems. Give rein to the information collection advantages of the Internet to integrate all kinds of logistics information resources, encourage backbone logistics enterprises and third-party bodies to build logistics information service platforms aimed at society, integrate storage, transportation and delivery information, launch door-to-door logistics monitoring and warning efforts, raise the security, environmental friendliness and sincerity levels of logistics, comprehensively optimize the allocation of social logistics resources. Build information exchange networks that connect provinces, reach down into towns and counties, and link to rural villages, establish all kinds of linkage mechanisms for data that may be opened up, accelerate the perfection of logistics information exchange openness standard systems, and stimulate the full sharing, interconnection and exchange of logistics information on an even broader scale.
  2. Establish deep sensing and smart storage systems. Vigorously popularize the use of QR codes, RFID identification and other such Internet of Things sensing technologies and big data technologies in storage units at all levels, realize real-time tracking, networked management as well as a high degree of storage information sharing concerning storage facilities and inventory, and raise the efficiency of goods distribution. Encourage the application of smart logistics equipment to enhance the efficiency of storage, transportation, sorting, packaging and other such activities, raise the delivery and handling capacity of all kinds of complex order processes, mitigate commodity hoarding, stagnation, bottlenecks and constraints, and enhance storage, transportation and management levels and efficiency.
  3. Perfect smart logistics and delivery allocation systems. Accelerate the information interconnection of freight transporting networks and logistics parks, storage facilities, delivery hubs, etc., stimulate the efficient matching of information concerning personnel, goods supplies, vehicle supplies, etc., efficiently reduce vehicle emptiness rates, and raise the efficiency of delivery. Encourage the development of self-service delivery boxes in communities, cold chain preservation boxes, collection service points and other such new communitized distribution models, integrate the construction of logistics information connection networks, accelerate the construction of logistics and distribution networks that reach into counties and villages, as well as village-level delivery points, and resolve the “last kilometre” problems of logistics and delivery.

(8) “Internet Plus” e-commerce.

Consolidate and strengthen the leading advantages of our country’s e-commerce development, forcefully develop rural e-commerce, sectoral e-commerce and cross-border e-commerce, further broaden the development space for e-commerce. The convergence between e-commerce and other sectors is to deepen incessantly, networked production, distribution and consumption is to become ever more widespread, standards, norms, public service and other such supporting environments are to be basically completed. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Traffic and Transportation, Ministry of Agriculture, General Administration of Customs, General Administration of Taxation, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Vigorously develop rural e-commerce. Launch comprehensive demonstrations of e-commerce entering into the countryside, support new agricultural business subjects, agricultural product and agricultural wholesale markets in linking up with e-commerce platforms, vigorously develop models where production is planned according to sales. Perfect rural e-commerce distribution and comprehensive service networks, strive to resolve key issues such as the standardization of agricultural by-products, the standardization of logistics, cold chain storage construction, etc., and develop individualized agricultural production services. Launch e-commerce trials for fresh agricultural produce and agricultural production materials, and stimulate the development of e-commerce for staple agricultural products.
  2. Forcefully developing sectoral e-commerce. Encourage enterprises in sectors such as energy, chemistry, iron and steel, electronics, light industry, etc., to vigorously use e-commerce platforms to optimize procurement and retail systems, enhancing enterprises’ operational efficiency. Promote the online transformation of all kinds of specialist markets, guide traditional trading flow enterprises to integrate resources with e-commerce enterprises, and vigorously transform this into coordinated supply chain platforms. Encourage production and manufacturing enterprises to move towards individualization and custom-made consumption demand, and deepen the application of e-commerce , support equipment manufacturing enterprises to use e-commerce platforms to launch converged rental services, encourage small, mid-size and micro-enterprises to broaden the application of e-commerce. Forcefully broaden e-commerce tendering and bidding according to the orientation of marketization and specialization.
  3. Promoting the innovation of e-commerce applications. Encourage enterprises to use e-commerce platforms’ big data resources to enhance enterprises’ capabilities for detailed operations and simulate market consumption demand. Establish e-commerce product quality tracing mechanisms, establish e-commerce after-sales service quality supervision cloud platforms, perfect Internet quality information public service systems, resolve the problems that consumer rights defence is difficult, returning goods is difficult and tracing product liability is difficult. Strengthen the construction of Internet food and drug market supervision and management systems, vigorously explore the innovation of e-commerce sales, supervision and management systems for prescription drugs. Encourage enterprises to use mobile social media, new media and other such new channels, develop social e-commerce, a “fans” economy and other such new network business models.
  4. Strengthening international cooperation in e-commerce. Encourage the development of all kinds of cross-border e-commerce services, perfect cross-modal logistics systems, and expand global trading cooperation. Move forward with the construction of single-window comprehensive service systems in e-commerce customs clearance, inspection and quarantine, account settlement and other such key segments. Innovate cross-border rights protection mechanisms, use satisfactory assessment methods, and move mutual international recognition forward. Innovate cross-border e-commerce management, stimulate the openness of information networks, convenient cross-border logistics, the removal of obstacles for payment and settlement, convenient tax standards, and mutual recognition and interconnection of market and trading rules.

(9) Convenient “Internet Plus” transportation.

Accelerate the profound convergence of the Internet with the area of traffic and transportation, move forward with the development of convenient traffic and transportation services based on Internet platforms through the networking of infrastructure, transportation tools and operational information, clearly raise the usage rates and level of management detail of traffic and transportation resources, comprehensively enhance the service quality of traffic and transportation services and scientific governance capabilities. (Development and Reform Commission and Ministry of Traffic and Transportation to take the lead)

  1. Enhancing the quality of traffic and transportation services. Promote the openness to society of service-related data of traffic and transportation management departments and enterprises, encourage that Internet platforms provide real-time traffic situation inquiry, travel planning, online ticket purchasing, smart parking and other such services, and move forward with Internet-based platforms for linking many kinds of information services concerning different travel methods and providing one-stop services. Accelerate the perfection of the construction of information service platforms for car health files, maintenance, diagnosis and service quality.
  2. Moving forward with the online integration of traffic and transportation resources. Use the Internet of Things, mobile Internet and other such technologies to further strengthen the collection of information concerning the operational state and usage of roads, railways, civil aviation, ports and other such key facilities in traffic and transportation networks. Promote cross-regional and cross-category traffic and transportation information interconnection, broaden the application of the Internet of Boats, the Internet of Cars and other such smart technologies, shape ever more perfect traffic and transportation sensor systems, raise the online levels of infrastructure, transportation tools, usage information and other such factors and resources, comprehensively support the intelligentification of accident warning, operational safeguards and dispatching.
  3. Strengthening scientific governing capacity of traffic and transportation. Strengthen traffic and transportation information sharing, use big data platforms to excavate and analyse the laws of population migration, the masses’ travel demands, the scale of key passenger flows, the characteristics of vehicle and shipping travel, etc., and provide support for the optimization of traffic and transportation facility planning and construction, safe operational control, traffic and transportation management and policymaking. Use the Internet to strengthen smart supervision and management of unlawful traffic and transportation activities, and incessantly raise governing capacity concerning traffic and transportation.

(10) The green “Internet Plus” ecology.

Promote the deep convergence of the Internet and ecological civilization construction, perfect pollutant monitoring and information distribution systems, shape dynamic resource and environment burden monitoring networks that cover major ecological factors, realize the interconnection, openness and sharing of ecological and environmental data. Fully give rein to the role of the Internet as a platform in remoulding the materials recycling system, stimulate the convenience, interactivity and transparency of renewable resource trading and use, and stimulate the greening of ways of production and life. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Environmental Protection, Ministry of Commerce, Forestry Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Strengthening dynamic monitoring of resources and the environment. Fully use multi-dimensional geographic information systems, smart maps and other technologies with a focus on energy, mineral resources, water, air, forests, grasslands, wetlands, oceans and all other ecological factors, integrate this with Internet big data analysis, optimize the distribution of monitoring stations, broaden the scope of dynamic supervision and control, build three-dimensional supervision and control systems for resource and environmental burdening. Rely on existing Internet and cloud computing platforms, progressively realize the interconnection and sharing of dynamic resource and environmental monitoring information at all levels of government. Strengthen online monitoring and big data analysis of the energy consumption of focus energy using work units.
  2. Forcefully developing smart environmental protection. Use smart monitoring equipment and the mobile Internet to perfect online monitoring systems for pollutant emissions, expand the categories of monitored pollutants, broaden the scope of monitoring, and shape all-weather, multi-level smart and multi-sourced sensor systems. Establish environmental information data sharing mechanisms, unify data exchange standards, move forward with the openness of information concerning regional pollutant emissions, the quality of the air environment, the quality of the water environment, etc., and ensure that this can be consulted by the public online, and can be delivered in a tailor-made fashion through the Internet. Strengthen the collection and arrangement of enterprises’ environmental protection credit data, bring enterprises’ environmental protection credit data onto the national uniform credit information sharing and exchange platform. Perfect environmental warning and risk monitoring information networks, enhance focus risk prevention levels concerning heavy metals, dangerous refuse, dangerous chemicals and other such focus points, and emergency response processing capabilities.
  3. Perfecting systems for the recycling and use of rejected resources. Use the Internet of Things and big data to launch information collection, data analysis and directed monitoring, optimize the distribution of reverse material flow network nodes. Support the use of electronic tags, QR codes and other such Internet of Things technologies to track the flow of e-waste, encourage Internet enterprises to participate in the construction of urban waste recycling platforms, and innovate recycling models for reusable resources. Accelerate moving forward with the standardization and interconnection of car insurance information systems, “replacing the old” management systems and retired car reporting and management systems, strengthen information management concerning the recycling and use of retired cars and spare parts, and provide data support for Internet enterprises to launch business innovation and services for the people.
  4. Establishing online trading system for waste. Encourage Internet enterprises to vigorously participate in the construction of all kinds of refuse information platforms for industrial parks, promote existing backbone renewable resource trading platforms to transform by integrating online and offline activities, progressively shape sectoral, regional, and national online industrial waste product and renewable resource trading platforms, perfect online credit appraisal and supply chain financing systems, launch online price competition, publish pricing and trading indicators, raise stable supply capabilities, and strengthen pricing power for the main kinds of renewable resources.

(11) “Internet Plus” artificial intelligence.

Rely on Internet platforms to provide public artificial intelligence innovation services, accelerate core technological breakthroughs in artificial intelligence, stimulate the broad application of artificial intelligence in areas such as smart homeware, smart terminals, smart cares, robots, etc., foster some backbone enterprises and innovation teams that are leading the global development of artificial intelligence, shape industrial ecologies that are innovative and dynamic, open and collaborative, with coordinated development. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

  1. Fostering and developing emerging artificial intelligence industries. Build new computing collectives to support extra-large scale deep learning, build large amounts of training databases including music, images, audiovisuals, maps, etc., strengthen the construction of innovative platforms for basic artificial intelligence resources and public services, etc. Further move forward with research, development and industrialization of computer visual sensing, smart speech processing, recognition of biological characteristics, natural language comprehension, smart policymaking control as well as new forms of human-machine interaction and other such key technologies, promote the use at commercial scale of artificial intelligence in smart products, industrial manufacturing, etc., and enhance a strong basis for the intelligentification of industry.
  2. Moving forward smart product innovation in focus areas. Encourage traditional homeware enterprises to launch integrated innovation with Internet enterprises, incessantly enhance the intelligence levels and service capabilities of homeware, create new consumption market spaces. Promote that automotive enterprises and Internet enterprises establish intersectional innovation platforms, accelerate research, development and application of smart driving assistance, complex environmental sensing, smart in-car equipment and other such technological products. Support security protection enterprises to launch cooperation with Internet enterprises to develop and popularize accurate image recognition and other such big data analysis technologies, and enhance the intelligence and service levels of security protection products.
  3. Enhancing the intelligence levels of terminal products. Strive to expand the market scale of high-end mobile smart terminal products and services, and raise research, development and industrialization capabilities of key smart mobile terminal technologies. Encourage enterprises to vigorously launch diversified divide market demand analysis, forcefully enrich application services of wearable equipment, and enhance user experience. Promote the profound application of Internet technologies as well as smart sensing, pattern recognition, smart analysis, smart control and other such smart technologies in the area of robotics, forcefully enhance the functions and intelligence levels of robot products in terms of sensing, interaction, control and other such areas, and raise core competitiveness.

III, Guarantees and support

(1) Laying a basis for development.

  1. Consolidating a network basis. Accelerate the implementation of the “Broadband China” strategy, organize and implement the national new-generation information infrastructure construction projects, move forward with transforming broadband networks into fibre optics, accelerate the improvement of mobile telecommunications networks’ service capacity, stimulate interconnection between networks, substantially increase the speed of network inquiries, effectively reduce network costs, perfect universal telecommunications services compensation mechanisms, support broadband construction, operations and maintenance in rural and distant regions, ensure that the Internet dissolves into something that can be used in every sector, every area and every region, and into an infrastructure connecting people, machines and objects. Strengthen the worldwide service capabilities of the Beidou satellites, build an Internet integrating terrestrial and celestial elements. Accelerate the commercial deployment of the next-generation Internet, strengthen IPv6 address management, signal management and analysis, build future network innovation trial platforms. Research industrial Internet network structures and systems, build open national innovation trial and verification platforms. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Finance, State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  2. Strengthening the basis for application. Adapt to the needs of convergence, innovation and development in focus sectors, focus wireless sensitive networks, sectoral clouds, big data platforms and other such new application infrastructure. Implement cloud computing projects, forcefully enhance public cloud service capacities, guide sectoral informatization applications to migrate towards cloud computing platforms, accelerate the construction of content distribution networks, optimize the distribution of data centres. Strengthen research on a network structure for the Internet of Things, organize the launch of major national Internet of Things application demonstrations, and encourage enterprises meeting conditions to build cross-sectoral Internet of Things operations and support platforms. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, etc., are responsible)
  3. Creating a real industrial basis. Strive to make breakthroughs in technological bottlenecks and weak industrial segments such as core chips, high-end servers, high-end storage equipment, data bases, middleware, etc., accelerate research, development and application of cloud operating systems, real-time industrial control operating systems and smart terminal operating systems. Forcefully develop policymaking plans for cloud computing and big data, as well as for basic software and hardware products such as high-end servers, industrial control systems, human-machine interaction, etc. Use Internet ideas to build technological and industrial communities with backbone enterprises at the core, and a highly efficient integration of industry, education, research and application, and forge internationally advanced, indigenous and controllable industrial systems. (Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  4. Guarantee a basis for security. Formulate national key technology and equipment development timeframes and roadmaps for the information area, enhance capabilities to securely manage the Internet, for dynamic sensing and risk prevention, strengthen security protection of basic information network infrastructure and of users’ personal information. Implement national information security projects, launch cybersecurity application demonstrations, and raise the quality of key “Internet Plus” security technologies and products. According to the demands of graded information security protection and national cybersecurity standards, strengthen security guarantees for major information systems in key “Internet Plus” areas. Build and perfect systems for cybersecurity monitoring and evaluation, supervision and management, standardization and authentication, as well as innovation capacity. Focus on the security risks brought about by convergence, perfect security management and technology measures for network data sharing and use, etc. explore the establishment of data security flow authentication systems based on administrative appraisal and third-party evaluation, perfect cross-border data flow management rules, and ensure data security. (Cyberspace Administration, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Public Security Bureau, Ministry of State Security, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, etc., are responsible)

(2) Strengthening innovative drivers.

  1. Strengthening the construction of innovation capabilities. Encourage the construction of corporate innovation networks or industrial technology innovation alliances for “Internet Plus” with enterprises at the centre, and with cooperation between industry, education and research. Support the construction of cross-border, interdisciplinary innovation platforms with key enterprises at the core, and progressively create innovation networks. Encourage the national innovation platform to open up towards online openness of enterprises, and especially small and mid-size enterprises, expand the networked openness of major national scientific research infrastructure and large-scape scientific research instruments. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  2. Accelerating the formulation of convergence standards. Guide the research, formulation and popularization of basic common standards and key technological standards in areas such as the Industrial Internet, smart networks, smart cities, etc. Accelerate standardization work in fragmented areas such as industrial control systems with applications converging with the Internet, smart specialized equipment, smart metres, smart homeware, the Internet of Cars, etc. Incessantly perfect “Internet Plus” convergence standards systems, simultaneously move forward with international and domestic standardization work, strengthen our discourse power in international organizations such as the ISO, IEC, ITU, etc. (Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Cyberspace Administration, Energy Administration, etc. are responsible)
  3. Strengthening the intellectual property rights strategy. Strengthen patent navigation guidance concerning key segments in areas of convergence, guide enterprises to strengthen their strategic intellectual property rights reserves and dispositions. Accelerate moving forward with basic patent information resource openness and sharing, support the construction of online intellectual property rights service platforms, encourage service model innovation, enhance the added value of intellectual property rights services, support small, mid-size and micro-enterprises in creating and using intellectual property rights. Strengthen online intellectual property rights and patent law enforcement and rights defence work, strictly attack all kinds of online infringement and counterfeiting activities. Strengthen the online intellectual property rights protection consciousness of all of society, promote the establishment of “Internet Plus” intellectual property rights protection alliances, and expand protection of the innovative achievements of new business modes, new models, etc. (Intellectual Property Rights Office to take the lead)
  4. Forcefully develop open-source communities. Encourage enterprises engaging in indigenous research and development and national science and technology plans (funds, earmarks, etc.) to support that software achievements they create are made open-source to society through the Internet. Guide educational bodies, social organizations, enterprises and individuals to launch open-source projects, vigorously participate in international open-source projects, and support building open-source communities and open-source funds. Encourage enterprises to rely on Internet open-source models in building new business models, stimulate the linkage and cooperation among Internet open-source communities and standards bodies, intellectual property rights bodies, etc. (Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Intellectual Property Rights Office, etc., are responsible)

(3) Building a comfortable environment.

  1. Building an open and inclusive environment. Implement the “CCP Central Committee and State Council Some Opinions concerning Deepening Structural and Mechanism Reform and Accelerating the Implementation of the Innovation Driving Development Strategy”, relax market access limits for converged products and services formulate and implement negative lists for Internet access in all areas, permit all kinds of subjects to enter into areas that haven’t been listed on the negative list equally and according to the law. Eliminate sectoral barriers, promote the full linkage of all sectors and all areas in areas including technology, standards, supervision and management, etc., reduce preliminarily access barriers to the greatest extent, and strengthen supervision and management during and after activities. Continue to deepen telecommunications structural reform, open up the telecommunications market in an orderly manner, and accelerate popular capital to enter into basic telecommunications business. Accelerate the deepening of commercial regulatory reform, and move forward with making investment and trade more convenient. (Development and Reform Commission, Cyberspace Administration, Ministry of Education Ministry of Science and Technology Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Commerce, National Health and Family Planning Commission, State Administration of Industry and Commerce, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, etc., are responsible)
  2. Perfecting credit support systems. Accelerate the construction of social credit information systems, move forward with the seamless linkage of all kinds of credit information platforms, and break through information islands. Strengthen the online disclosure and sharing of information concerning credit records, risk warnings, unlawful and untrustworthy acts, etc., and provide credit information consulting, and online corporate identity verification services to businesses. Fully utilize the credit data accumulated on the Internet, to supplement and perfect credit information systems and monitoring systems, provide powerful support for economic adjustment, market supervision and management, social management and public services (Development and Reform Commission, Public Security Bureau State Administration of Industry and Commerce, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Cyberspace Administration, etc.,. are responsible)
  3. Promoting data resource openness. Research and publish a national big data strategy, clarify and enhance the country’s big data control capacity. Establish uniform national governmental information openness platforms and basic data resource bases, launch public data open use reform trials, and publish management regulations for the openness of data in governmental bodies. According to the grading and classification of importance and sensitivity, promote openness and sharing of government and public information resources, support the masses and small and micro-enterprises to fully excavate the commercial value of information resources and stimulate innovation in Internet applications. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, State Council General Office, Cyberspace Administration, etc. are responsible)
  4. Strengthening the construction of laws and regulations. Accelerate legislation work concerning “Internet Plus” focusing on the new characteristics of the converged development of the Internet and various other sectors, research, adjust and perfect current administrative regulations and policies that are not suited to the development and management of “Internet Plus”. Implement regulations concerning strengthening online information protection and information openness, accelerate the promotion and formulation of laws and regulations on cybersecurity, e-commerce, personal information protection, Internet information service management, etc. Perfect complementary provisions in anti-monopoly law, further expand anti-monopoly law enforcement, strictly investigate and prosecute corporate monopolistic acts in the information area, and create an environment of fair competition on the Internet. (Legislation Office, Cyberspace Administration, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Public Security Bureau, Ministry of State Security, Ministry of Commerce, State Administration of Industry and Commerce, etc., are responsible)

(5) Expand foreign cooperation.

  1. Encouraging enterprises to unite and go abroad. In integration with “One Belt, One Road” and other such major national strategies, support and encourage Internet enterprises with competitive advantages to take the lead in marching out jointly with enterprises in manufacturing, finance, information and communication technology and other such areas., borrow mutual strength through methods such as overseas mergers and acquisitions, joint operations, establishment of branch bodies, etc., jointly open up international markets, move forward with international production capacity cooperation, build cross-border industry chain systems, and strengthen global competitiveness. (Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Commerce, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  2. Developing global market applications. Encourage “Internet Plus” enterprises to integrate domestic and foreign resources, and foster “Internet Plus” application platforms with global influence, aimed at providing worldwide industrial clouds, supply chain management, big data analysis and other such online services. Encourage Internet enterprises to vigorously expand foreign users, and push out products and services suited for different market cultures. (Ministry of Commerce, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  3. Strengthen service capabilities for marching out. Fully give rein to the roles of government, industry associations, sectoral associations and corresponding intermediary bodies to create joint forces in support of “Internet Plus” enterprises marching out. Encourage intermediary bodies to provide information consultancy, legal assistance, fiscal intermediary and other such services for enterprises to expand into foreign markets. Support sectoral associations, industrial associations and enterprises to jointly popularize Chinese technologies and Chinese standards, use technological standards’ marching out to drive the foreign popularization and application of products and services. (Ministry of Commerce, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, General Administration of Customs, Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

(5) Strengthening intelligence construction.

  1. Strengthening training for applied capabilities. Encourage all local levels’ governments to adopt service procurement methods to provide Internet knowledge and skills training to society, support corresponding research bodies and experts to conduct basic “Internet Plus” knowledge and application training. Encourage traditional enterprises to establish information consultancies, talent exchange and other such collaborative mechanisms with Internet enterprises to stimulate both sides to deepen exchange and collaboration. Strengthen Internet skills training of talents in areas such as manufacturing and agriculture, especially high-level enterprise management personnel, encourage Internet talents to exchange in both directions with traditional sectors’ talents. (Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  2. Accelerating the training of comprehensive talents. Encourage higher education institutes to set up relevant majors on the basis of development needs and the organizational capacity of the schools, aimed at the needs of converged “Internet Plus” development, focus on ensuring that domestic and foreign pioneering research achievements are introduced into specialist education as quickly as possible. Encourage all kinds of schools to appoint high-level talents in the Internet area as part-time professors, and accelerate experimental education in the “Internet Plus” area. (Ministry of Education, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible).
  3. Encouraging joint fostering and training. Implement comprehensive reform programmes for collaborative majors between industry and schools, encourage schools and enterprises, or institutes and enterprises, to organize collaborative teaching and move forward the training of “Internet Plus” specialist technological talents. Deepen industry-school convergence in the Internet area, rely on the intelligence resources and research platforms in higher education institutes, research bodies and enterprises to establish a batch of joint practical training bases. Establish enterprise technology centres and school linkage mechanisms, encourage enterprises to establish “Internet Plus” research bodies and experimental centres in schools. (Ministry of Education, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)
  4. Using global intelligence resources. Fully use existing talent import plans and encourage enterprises to establish foreign research centres as well as many other means to bring in and foster a batch of high-end talents for the “Internet Plus” area. Perfect migration and visa rules, create allocation, incentive and guarantee mechanisms that benefit the introduction of talents, and provide beneficial condition to bring in foreign talents. Support the full use of global Internet talent resources through task outsourcing, industrial cooperation, academic exchange and other such means. Guide leading talents, special talents and urgently needed talents to establish start-ups, innovate and engage in teaching and research activities in our country. (Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Science and Technology, Cyberspace Administration, etc., are responsible)

(6) Strengthening guidance and support.

  1. Implementing major engineering projects. Select focus areas, expand Central budgetary investment and input, guide ever more social capital to enter, gradually organize the implementation of major “Internet Plus” projects, focus on stimulating the converged innovation of a new generation of technologies represented by mobile Internet, cloud computing, big data and the Internet of Things with manufacturing, energy, services, agriculture and other such areas, develop and expand new business models, forge new industrial growth points. (Development and Reform Commission to take the lead)
  2. Expanding fiscal support. Fully give rein to the role of national scientific planning, vigorously orient investment toward “Internet Plus” converged innovation and key technology research and development as well as application demonstrations that meet conditions. Comprehensively use existing special government funds to support the construction of “Internet Plus” platforms and application demonstrations. Expand government department procurement of cloud computing services, explore new mechanisms for government informatization construction and operations based on cloud computing. Encourage local government to innovate risk compensation mechanisms, and explore new “Internet Plus” development models. (Ministry of Finance, General Administration of Customs, Development and Reform Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology, Cyberspace Administration of China, etc., are responsible)
  3. Perfecting financial services. Vigorously give rein to the investment guidance role of angel investment and risk investment funds for “Internet Plus”. Launch Internet finance innovation trials such as share crowdfunding, etc., supporting the development of small and micro enterprises. Support relevant funds established and funded by the state in orienting investment towards “Internet Plus”, encourage social capital to expand investment into relevant innovative enterprises. Vigorously develop intellectual property right mortgage funding, credit insurance financing and other such services, encourage support of “Internet Plus” development through bond financing methods, support “Internet Plus” enterprises meeting conditions to issue corporate bonds. Launch convergence, integration and innovation trials, explore financing services integrating equity and debt. Reduce barriers to access financial markets for innovative enterprises, integrate the revision of the securities law with reform of stock issuance and registry structures, support Internet enterprises in particular growth stages and with good development prospects that aren’t yet profitable to become listed in a start-up exchange. Promote that the banking sector and financial institutions innovate credit products and financial services, and expand landing input. Encourage development-oriented financial bodies to provide effective financial support to major “Internet Plus” projects and constructions. (People’s Bank, Development and Reform Commission, Banking Regulatory Commission, Securities Regulatory Commission, Insurance Regulatory Commission, Cyberspace Administration and Development Bank, etc., are responsible.)

(7) Carrying out organization and implementation.

  1. Strengthening organizational leadership. Establish an interdepartmental joint conference system for the “Internet Plus” programme, to comprehensively deliberate and resolve major issues, and realistically promote the implementation of the programme. An office is to be established under the joint conference, which will be responsible for organizing and moving forward concrete work. An interregional, intersectoral “Internet Plus” programme expert consultancy committee will be established, to provide major support for government policymaking. (Development and Reform Commission to take the lead)
  2. Launching trials and demonstrations. Encourage the launch of “Internet Plus” trials and demonstration, move forward the regionalized and interlinked development of “Internet Plus”. Support comprehensive innovation reform demonstration regions, Zhongguancun and other such national indigenous innovation demonstration areas, and national modern agriculture demonstration regions in taking the lead in trials, vigorously launch “Internet Plus” innovation policy trials, eliminate policy obstacles in areas such as sectoral access for new industries, data openness, market supervision and management, etc., research fiscal and insurance policies suited to the characteristics of new business models, and forge an “Internet Plus” ecology system. (All departments and all local governments are responsible)
  3. Moving implementation forward in an orderly manner. All regions and all departments must act with initiative, perfect services, strengthen guidance, look at “Internet Plus” with a view of dynamic development, boldly explore and forge ahead through practice, mutually learn from successful experiences of converged applications of “Internet Plus”, stimulate new “Internet Plus” business models and new economic development. Relevant departments must strengthen comprehensive planning, and raise service and management capabilities. All localities must, integrating reality, research and formulate implementation plans for the “Internet Plus” plan suited to their local needs, suiting measures to local conditions, with rational determinations, scientific organization and implementation, they must cease blind construction and duplicate investment, and pragmatically and orderly move the “Internet Plus” plan forward (All departments and all local governments are responsible)

State Council

1 July 2015.

国务院关于积极推进”互联网+”行动的指导意见
各省、自治区、直辖市人民政府,国务院各部委、各直属机构:

“互联网+”是把互联网的创新成果与经济社会各领域深度融合,推动技术进步、效率提升和组织变革,提升实体经济创新力和生产力,形成更广泛的以互联网为基础设施和创新要素的经济社会发展新形态。在全球新一轮科技革命和产业变革中,互联网与各领域的融合发展具有广阔前景和无限潜力,已成为不可阻挡的时代潮流,正对各国经济社会发展产生着战略性和全局性的影响。积极发挥我国互联网已经形成的比较优势,把握机遇,增强信心,加快推进“互联网+”发展,有利于重塑创新体系、激发创新活力、培育新兴业态和创新公共服务模式,对打造大众创业、万众创新和增加公共产品、公共服务“双引擎”,主动适应和引领经济发展新常态,形成经济发展新动能,实现中国经济提质增效升级具有重要意义。

近年来,我国在互联网技术、产业、应用以及跨界融合等方面取得了积极进展,已具备加快推进“互联网+”发展的坚实基础,但也存在传统企业运用互联网的意识和能力不足、互联网企业对传统产业理解不够深入、新业态发展面临体制机制障碍、跨界融合型人才严重匮乏等问题,亟待加以解决。为加快推动互联网与各领域深入融合和创新发展,充分发挥“互联网+”对稳增长、促改革、调结构、惠民生、防风险的重要作用,现就积极推进“互联网+”行动提出以下意见。

一、行动要求

(一)总体思路。

顺应世界“互联网+”发展趋势,充分发挥我国互联网的规模优势和应用优势,推动互联网由消费领域向生产领域拓展,加速提升产业发展水平,增强各行业创新能力,构筑经济社会发展新优势和新动能。坚持改革创新和市场需求导向,突出企业的主体作用,大力拓展互联网与经济社会各领域融合的广度和深度。着力深化体制机制改革,释放发展潜力和活力;着力做优存量,推动经济提质增效和转型升级;着力做大增量,培育新兴业态,打造新的增长点;着力创新政府服务模式,夯实网络发展基础,营造安全网络环境,提升公共服务水平。

(二)基本原则。

坚持开放共享。营造开放包容的发展环境,将互联网作为生产生活要素共享的重要平台,最大限度优化资源配置,加快形成以开放、共享为特征的经济社会运行新模式。

坚持融合创新。鼓励传统产业树立互联网思维,积极与“互联网+”相结合。推动互联网向经济社会各领域加速渗透,以融合促创新,最大程度汇聚各类市场要素的创新力量,推动融合性新兴产业成为经济发展新动力和新支柱。

坚持变革转型。充分发挥互联网在促进产业升级以及信息化和工业化深度融合中的平台作用,引导要素资源向实体经济集聚,推动生产方式和发展模式变革。创新网络化公共服务模式,大幅提升公共服务能力。

坚持引领跨越。巩固提升我国互联网发展优势,加强重点领域前瞻性布局,以互联网融合创新为突破口,培育壮大新兴产业,引领新一轮科技革命和产业变革,实现跨越式发展。

坚持安全有序。完善互联网融合标准规范和法律法规,增强安全意识,强化安全管理和防护,保障网络安全。建立科学有效的市场监管方式,促进市场有序发展,保护公平竞争,防止形成行业垄断和市场壁垒。

(三)发展目标。

到2018年,互联网与经济社会各领域的融合发展进一步深化,基于互联网的新业态成为新的经济增长动力,互联网支撑大众创业、万众创新的作用进一步增强,互联网成为提供公共服务的重要手段,网络经济与实体经济协同互动的发展格局基本形成。

——经济发展进一步提质增效。互联网在促进制造业、农业、能源、环保等产业转型升级方面取得积极成效,劳动生产率进一步提高。基于互联网的新兴业态不断涌现,电子商务、互联网金融快速发展,对经济提质增效的促进作用更加凸显。

——社会服务进一步便捷普惠。健康医疗、教育、交通等民生领域互联网应用更加丰富,公共服务更加多元,线上线下结合更加紧密。社会服务资源配置不断优化,公众享受到更加公平、高效、优质、便捷的服务。

——基础支撑进一步夯实提升。网络设施和产业基础得到有效巩固加强,应用支撑和安全保障能力明显增强。固定宽带网络、新一代移动通信网和下一代互联网加快发展,物联网、云计算等新型基础设施更加完备。人工智能等技术及其产业化能力显著增强。

——发展环境进一步开放包容。全社会对互联网融合创新的认识不断深入,互联网融合发展面临的体制机制障碍有效破除,公共数据资源开放取得实质性进展,相关标准规范、信用体系和法律法规逐步完善。

到2025年,网络化、智能化、服务化、协同化的“互联网+”产业生态体系基本完善,“互联网+”新经济形态初步形成,“互联网+”成为经济社会创新发展的重要驱动力量。
二、重点行动

(一)“互联网+”创业创新。

充分发挥互联网的创新驱动作用,以促进创业创新为重点,推动各类要素资源聚集、开放和共享,大力发展众创空间、开放式创新等,引导和推动全社会形成大众创业、万众创新的浓厚氛围,打造经济发展新引擎。(发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、人力资源社会保障部、商务部等负责,列第一位者为牵头部门,下同)

1.强化创业创新支撑。鼓励大型互联网企业和基础电信企业利用技术优势和产业整合能力,向小微企业和创业团队开放平台入口、数据信息、计算能力等资源,提供研发工具、经营管理和市场营销等方面的支持和服务,提高小微企业信息化应用水平,培育和孵化具有良好商业模式的创业企业。充分利用互联网基础条件,完善小微企业公共服务平台网络,集聚创业创新资源,为小微企业提供找得着、用得起、有保障的服务。

2.积极发展众创空间。充分发挥互联网开放创新优势,调动全社会力量,支持创新工场、创客空间、社会实验室、智慧小企业创业基地等新型众创空间发展。充分利用国家自主创新示范区、科技企业孵化器、大学科技园、商贸企业集聚区、小微企业创业示范基地等现有条件,通过市场化方式构建一批创新与创业相结合、线上与线下相结合、孵化与投资相结合的众创空间,为创业者提供低成本、便利化、全要素的工作空间、网络空间、社交空间和资源共享空间。实施新兴产业“双创”行动,建立一批新兴产业“双创”示范基地,加快发展“互联网+”创业网络体系。

3.发展开放式创新。鼓励各类创新主体充分利用互联网,把握市场需求导向,加强创新资源共享与合作,促进前沿技术和创新成果及时转化,构建开放式创新体系。推动各类创业创新扶持政策与互联网开放平台联动协作,为创业团队和个人开发者提供绿色通道服务。加快发展创业服务业,积极推广众包、用户参与设计、云设计等新型研发组织模式,引导建立社会各界交流合作的平台,推动跨区域、跨领域的技术成果转移和协同创新。

(二)“互联网+”协同制造。

推动互联网与制造业融合,提升制造业数字化、网络化、智能化水平,加强产业链协作,发展基于互联网的协同制造新模式。在重点领域推进智能制造、大规模个性化定制、网络化协同制造和服务型制造,打造一批网络化协同制造公共服务平台,加快形成制造业网络化产业生态体系。(工业和信息化部、发展改革委、科技部共同牵头)

1.大力发展智能制造。以智能工厂为发展方向,开展智能制造试点示范,加快推动云计算、物联网、智能工业机器人、增材制造等技术在生产过程中的应用,推进生产装备智能化升级、工艺流程改造和基础数据共享。着力在工控系统、智能感知元器件、工业云平台、操作系统和工业软件等核心环节取得突破,加强工业大数据的开发与利用,有效支撑制造业智能化转型,构建开放、共享、协作的智能制造产业生态。

2.发展大规模个性化定制。支持企业利用互联网采集并对接用户个性化需求,推进设计研发、生产制造和供应链管理等关键环节的柔性化改造,开展基于个性化产品的服务模式和商业模式创新。鼓励互联网企业整合市场信息,挖掘细分市场需求与发展趋势,为制造企业开展个性化定制提供决策支撑。

3.提升网络化协同制造水平。鼓励制造业骨干企业通过互联网与产业链各环节紧密协同,促进生产、质量控制和运营管理系统全面互联,推行众包设计研发和网络化制造等新模式。鼓励有实力的互联网企业构建网络化协同制造公共服务平台,面向细分行业提供云制造服务,促进创新资源、生产能力、市场需求的集聚与对接,提升服务中小微企业能力,加快全社会多元化制造资源的有效协同,提高产业链资源整合能力。

4.加速制造业服务化转型。鼓励制造企业利用物联网、云计算、大数据等技术,整合产品全生命周期数据,形成面向生产组织全过程的决策服务信息,为产品优化升级提供数据支撑。鼓励企业基于互联网开展故障预警、远程维护、质量诊断、远程过程优化等在线增值服务,拓展产品价值空间,实现从制造向“制造+服务”的转型升级。

(三)“互联网+”现代农业。

利用互联网提升农业生产、经营、管理和服务水平,培育一批网络化、智能化、精细化的现代“种养加”生态农业新模式,形成示范带动效应,加快完善新型农业生产经营体系,培育多样化农业互联网管理服务模式,逐步建立农副产品、农资质量安全追溯体系,促进农业现代化水平明显提升。(农业部、发展改革委、科技部、商务部、质检总局、食品药品监管总局、林业局等负责)

1.构建新型农业生产经营体系。鼓励互联网企业建立农业服务平台,支撑专业大户、家庭农场、农民合作社、农业产业化龙头企业等新型农业生产经营主体,加强产销衔接,实现农业生产由生产导向向消费导向转变。提高农业生产经营的科技化、组织化和精细化水平,推进农业生产流通销售方式变革和农业发展方式转变,提升农业生产效率和增值空间。规范用好农村土地流转公共服务平台,提升土地流转透明度,保障农民权益。

2.发展精准化生产方式。推广成熟可复制的农业物联网应用模式。在基础较好的领域和地区,普及基于环境感知、实时监测、自动控制的网络化农业环境监测系统。在大宗农产品规模生产区域,构建天地一体的农业物联网测控体系,实施智能节水灌溉、测土配方施肥、农机定位耕种等精准化作业。在畜禽标准化规模养殖基地和水产健康养殖示范基地,推动饲料精准投放、疾病自动诊断、废弃物自动回收等智能设备的应用普及和互联互通。

3.提升网络化服务水平。深入推进信息进村入户试点,鼓励通过移动互联网为农民提供政策、市场、科技、保险等生产生活信息服务。支持互联网企业与农业生产经营主体合作,综合利用大数据、云计算等技术,建立农业信息监测体系,为灾害预警、耕地质量监测、重大动植物疫情防控、市场波动预测、经营科学决策等提供服务。

4.完善农副产品质量安全追溯体系。充分利用现有互联网资源,构建农副产品质量安全追溯公共服务平台,推进制度标准建设,建立产地准出与市场准入衔接机制。支持新型农业生产经营主体利用互联网技术,对生产经营过程进行精细化信息化管理,加快推动移动互联网、物联网、二维码、无线射频识别等信息技术在生产加工和流通销售各环节的推广应用,强化上下游追溯体系对接和信息互通共享,不断扩大追溯体系覆盖面,实现农副产品“从农田到餐桌”全过程可追溯,保障“舌尖上的安全”。

(四)“互联网+”智慧能源。

通过互联网促进能源系统扁平化,推进能源生产与消费模式革命,提高能源利用效率,推动节能减排。加强分布式能源网络建设,提高可再生能源占比,促进能源利用结构优化。加快发电设施、用电设施和电网智能化改造,提高电力系统的安全性、稳定性和可靠性。(能源局、发展改革委、工业和信息化部等负责)

1.推进能源生产智能化。建立能源生产运行的监测、管理和调度信息公共服务网络,加强能源产业链上下游企业的信息对接和生产消费智能化,支撑电厂和电网协调运行,促进非化石能源与化石能源协同发电。鼓励能源企业运用大数据技术对设备状态、电能负载等数据进行分析挖掘与预测,开展精准调度、故障判断和预测性维护,提高能源利用效率和安全稳定运行水平。

2.建设分布式能源网络。建设以太阳能、风能等可再生能源为主体的多能源协调互补的能源互联网。突破分布式发电、储能、智能微网、主动配电网等关键技术,构建智能化电力运行监测、管理技术平台,使电力设备和用电终端基于互联网进行双向通信和智能调控,实现分布式电源的及时有效接入,逐步建成开放共享的能源网络。

3.探索能源消费新模式。开展绿色电力交易服务区域试点,推进以智能电网为配送平台,以电子商务为交易平台,融合储能设施、物联网、智能用电设施等硬件以及碳交易、互联网金融等衍生服务于一体的绿色能源网络发展,实现绿色电力的点到点交易及实时配送和补贴结算。进一步加强能源生产和消费协调匹配,推进电动汽车、港口岸电等电能替代技术的应用,推广电力需求侧管理,提高能源利用效率。基于分布式能源网络,发展用户端智能化用能、能源共享经济和能源自由交易,促进能源消费生态体系建设。

4.发展基于电网的通信设施和新型业务。推进电力光纤到户工程,完善能源互联网信息通信系统。统筹部署电网和通信网深度融合的网络基础设施,实现同缆传输、共建共享,避免重复建设。鼓励依托智能电网发展家庭能效管理等新型业务。

(五)“互联网+”普惠金融。

促进互联网金融健康发展,全面提升互联网金融服务能力和普惠水平,鼓励互联网与银行、证券、保险、基金的融合创新,为大众提供丰富、安全、便捷的金融产品和服务,更好满足不同层次实体经济的投融资需求,培育一批具有行业影响力的互联网金融创新型企业。(人民银行、银监会、证监会、保监会、发展改革委、工业和信息化部、网信办等负责)

1.探索推进互联网金融云服务平台建设。探索互联网企业构建互联网金融云服务平台。在保证技术成熟和业务安全的基础上,支持金融企业与云计算技术提供商合作开展金融公共云服务,提供多样化、个性化、精准化的金融产品。支持银行、证券、保险企业稳妥实施系统架构转型,鼓励探索利用云服务平台开展金融核心业务,提供基于金融云服务平台的信用、认证、接口等公共服务。

2.鼓励金融机构利用互联网拓宽服务覆盖面。鼓励各金融机构利用云计算、移动互联网、大数据等技术手段,加快金融产品和服务创新,在更广泛地区提供便利的存贷款、支付结算、信用中介平台等金融服务,拓宽普惠金融服务范围,为实体经济发展提供有效支撑。支持金融机构和互联网企业依法合规开展网络借贷、网络证券、网络保险、互联网基金销售等业务。扩大专业互联网保险公司试点,充分发挥保险业在防范互联网金融风险中的作用。推动金融集成电路卡(IC卡)全面应用,提升电子现金的使用率和便捷性。发挥移动金融安全可信公共服务平台(MTPS)的作用,积极推动商业银行开展移动金融创新应用,促进移动金融在电子商务、公共服务等领域的规模应用。支持银行业金融机构借助互联网技术发展消费信贷业务,支持金融租赁公司利用互联网技术开展金融租赁业务。

3.积极拓展互联网金融服务创新的深度和广度。鼓励互联网企业依法合规提供创新金融产品和服务,更好满足中小微企业、创新型企业和个人的投融资需求。规范发展网络借贷和互联网消费信贷业务,探索互联网金融服务创新。积极引导风险投资基金、私募股权投资基金和产业投资基金投资于互联网金融企业。利用大数据发展市场化个人征信业务,加快网络征信和信用评价体系建设。加强互联网金融消费权益保护和投资者保护,建立多元化金融消费纠纷解决机制。改进和完善互联网金融监管,提高金融服务安全性,有效防范互联网金融风险及其外溢效应。

(六)“互联网+”益民服务。

充分发挥互联网的高效、便捷优势,提高资源利用效率,降低服务消费成本。大力发展以互联网为载体、线上线下互动的新兴消费,加快发展基于互联网的医疗、健康、养老、教育、旅游、社会保障等新兴服务,创新政府服务模式,提升政府科学决策能力和管理水平。(发展改革委、教育部、工业和信息化部、民政部、人力资源社会保障部、商务部、卫生计生委、质检总局、食品药品监管总局、林业局、旅游局、网信办、信访局等负责)

1.创新政府网络化管理和服务。加快互联网与政府公共服务体系的深度融合,推动公共数据资源开放,促进公共服务创新供给和服务资源整合,构建面向公众的一体化在线公共服务体系。积极探索公众参与的网络化社会管理服务新模式,充分利用互联网、移动互联网应用平台等,加快推进政务新媒体发展建设,加强政府与公众的沟通交流,提高政府公共管理、公共服务和公共政策制定的响应速度,提升政府科学决策能力和社会治理水平,促进政府职能转变和简政放权。深入推进网上信访,提高信访工作质量、效率和公信力。鼓励政府和互联网企业合作建立信用信息共享平台,探索开展一批社会治理互联网应用试点,打通政府部门、企事业单位之间的数据壁垒,利用大数据分析手段,提升各级政府的社会治理能力。加强对“互联网+”行动的宣传,提高公众参与度。

2.发展便民服务新业态。发展体验经济,支持实体零售商综合利用网上商店、移动支付、智能试衣等新技术,打造体验式购物模式。发展社区经济,在餐饮、娱乐、家政等领域培育线上线下结合的社区服务新模式。发展共享经济,规范发展网络约租车,积极推广在线租房等新业态,着力破除准入门槛高、服务规范难、个人征信缺失等瓶颈制约。发展基于互联网的文化、媒体和旅游等服务,培育形式多样的新型业态。积极推广基于移动互联网入口的城市服务,开展网上社保办理、个人社保权益查询、跨地区医保结算等互联网应用,让老百姓足不出户享受便捷高效的服务。

3.推广在线医疗卫生新模式。发展基于互联网的医疗卫生服务,支持第三方机构构建医学影像、健康档案、检验报告、电子病历等医疗信息共享服务平台,逐步建立跨医院的医疗数据共享交换标准体系。积极利用移动互联网提供在线预约诊疗、候诊提醒、划价缴费、诊疗报告查询、药品配送等便捷服务。引导医疗机构面向中小城市和农村地区开展基层检查、上级诊断等远程医疗服务。鼓励互联网企业与医疗机构合作建立医疗网络信息平台,加强区域医疗卫生服务资源整合,充分利用互联网、大数据等手段,提高重大疾病和突发公共卫生事件防控能力。积极探索互联网延伸医嘱、电子处方等网络医疗健康服务应用。鼓励有资质的医学检验机构、医疗服务机构联合互联网企业,发展基因检测、疾病预防等健康服务模式。

4.促进智慧健康养老产业发展。支持智能健康产品创新和应用,推广全面量化健康生活新方式。鼓励健康服务机构利用云计算、大数据等技术搭建公共信息平台,提供长期跟踪、预测预警的个性化健康管理服务。发展第三方在线健康市场调查、咨询评价、预防管理等应用服务,提升规范化和专业化运营水平。依托现有互联网资源和社会力量,以社区为基础,搭建养老信息服务网络平台,提供护理看护、健康管理、康复照料等居家养老服务。鼓励养老服务机构应用基于移动互联网的便携式体检、紧急呼叫监控等设备,提高养老服务水平。

5.探索新型教育服务供给方式。鼓励互联网企业与社会教育机构根据市场需求开发数字教育资源,提供网络化教育服务。鼓励学校利用数字教育资源及教育服务平台,逐步探索网络化教育新模式,扩大优质教育资源覆盖面,促进教育公平。鼓励学校通过与互联网企业合作等方式,对接线上线下教育资源,探索基础教育、职业教育等教育公共服务提供新方式。推动开展学历教育在线课程资源共享,推广大规模在线开放课程等网络学习模式,探索建立网络学习学分认定与学分转换等制度,加快推动高等教育服务模式变革。

(七)“互联网+”高效物流。

加快建设跨行业、跨区域的物流信息服务平台,提高物流供需信息对接和使用效率。鼓励大数据、云计算在物流领域的应用,建设智能仓储体系,优化物流运作流程,提升物流仓储的自动化、智能化水平和运转效率,降低物流成本。(发展改革委、商务部、交通运输部、网信办等负责)

1.构建物流信息共享互通体系。发挥互联网信息集聚优势,聚合各类物流信息资源,鼓励骨干物流企业和第三方机构搭建面向社会的物流信息服务平台,整合仓储、运输和配送信息,开展物流全程监测、预警,提高物流安全、环保和诚信水平,统筹优化社会物流资源配置。构建互通省际、下达市县、兼顾乡村的物流信息互联网络,建立各类可开放数据的对接机制,加快完善物流信息交换开放标准体系,在更广范围促进物流信息充分共享与互联互通。

2.建设深度感知智能仓储系统。在各级仓储单元积极推广应用二维码、无线射频识别等物联网感知技术和大数据技术,实现仓储设施与货物的实时跟踪、网络化管理以及库存信息的高度共享,提高货物调度效率。鼓励应用智能化物流装备提升仓储、运输、分拣、包装等作业效率,提高各类复杂订单的出货处理能力,缓解货物囤积停滞瓶颈制约,提升仓储运管水平和效率。

3.完善智能物流配送调配体系。加快推进货运车联网与物流园区、仓储设施、配送网点等信息互联,促进人员、货源、车源等信息高效匹配,有效降低货车空驶率,提高配送效率。鼓励发展社区自提柜、冷链储藏柜、代收服务点等新型社区化配送模式,结合构建物流信息互联网络,加快推进县到村的物流配送网络和村级配送网点建设,解决物流配送“最后一公里”问题。

(八)“互联网+”电子商务。

巩固和增强我国电子商务发展领先优势,大力发展农村电商、行业电商和跨境电商,进一步扩大电子商务发展空间。电子商务与其他产业的融合不断深化,网络化生产、流通、消费更加普及,标准规范、公共服务等支撑环境基本完善。(发展改革委、商务部、工业和信息化部、交通运输部、农业部、海关总署、税务总局、质检总局、网信办等负责)

1.积极发展农村电子商务。开展电子商务进农村综合示范,支持新型农业经营主体和农产品、农资批发市场对接电商平台,积极发展以销定产模式。完善农村电子商务配送及综合服务网络,着力解决农副产品标准化、物流标准化、冷链仓储建设等关键问题,发展农产品个性化定制服务。开展生鲜农产品和农业生产资料电子商务试点,促进农业大宗商品电子商务发展。

2.大力发展行业电子商务。鼓励能源、化工、钢铁、电子、轻纺、医药等行业企业,积极利用电子商务平台优化采购、分销体系,提升企业经营效率。推动各类专业市场线上转型,引导传统商贸流通企业与电子商务企业整合资源,积极向供应链协同平台转型。鼓励生产制造企业面向个性化、定制化消费需求深化电子商务应用,支持设备制造企业利用电子商务平台开展融资租赁服务,鼓励中小微企业扩大电子商务应用。按照市场化、专业化方向,大力推广电子招标投标。

3.推动电子商务应用创新。鼓励企业利用电子商务平台的大数据资源,提升企业精准营销能力,激发市场消费需求。建立电子商务产品质量追溯机制,建设电子商务售后服务质量检测云平台,完善互联网质量信息公共服务体系,解决消费者维权难、退货难、产品责任追溯难等问题。加强互联网食品药品市场监测监管体系建设,积极探索处方药电子商务销售和监管模式创新。鼓励企业利用移动社交、新媒体等新渠道,发展社交电商、“粉丝”经济等网络营销新模式。

4.加强电子商务国际合作。鼓励各类跨境电子商务服务商发展,完善跨境物流体系,拓展全球经贸合作。推进跨境电子商务通关、检验检疫、结汇等关键环节单一窗口综合服务体系建设。创新跨境权益保障机制,利用合格评定手段,推进国际互认。创新跨境电子商务管理,促进信息网络畅通、跨境物流便捷、支付及结汇无障碍、税收规范便利、市场及贸易规则互认互通。

(九)“互联网+”便捷交通。

加快互联网与交通运输领域的深度融合,通过基础设施、运输工具、运行信息等互联网化,推进基于互联网平台的便捷化交通运输服务发展,显著提高交通运输资源利用效率和管理精细化水平,全面提升交通运输行业服务品质和科学治理能力。(发展改革委、交通运输部共同牵头)

1.提升交通运输服务品质。推动交通运输主管部门和企业将服务性数据资源向社会开放,鼓励互联网平台为社会公众提供实时交通运行状态查询、出行路线规划、网上购票、智能停车等服务,推进基于互联网平台的多种出行方式信息服务对接和一站式服务。加快完善汽车健康档案、维修诊断和服务质量信息服务平台建设。

2.推进交通运输资源在线集成。利用物联网、移动互联网等技术,进一步加强对公路、铁路、民航、港口等交通运输网络关键设施运行状态与通行信息的采集。推动跨地域、跨类型交通运输信息互联互通,推广船联网、车联网等智能化技术应用,形成更加完善的交通运输感知体系,提高基础设施、运输工具、运行信息等要素资源的在线化水平,全面支撑故障预警、运行维护以及调度智能化。

3.增强交通运输科学治理能力。强化交通运输信息共享,利用大数据平台挖掘分析人口迁徙规律、公众出行需求、枢纽客流规模、车辆船舶行驶特征等,为优化交通运输设施规划与建设、安全运行控制、交通运输管理决策提供支撑。利用互联网加强对交通运输违章违规行为的智能化监管,不断提高交通运输治理能力。

(十)“互联网+”绿色生态。

推动互联网与生态文明建设深度融合,完善污染物监测及信息发布系统,形成覆盖主要生态要素的资源环境承载能力动态监测网络,实现生态环境数据互联互通和开放共享。充分发挥互联网在逆向物流回收体系中的平台作用,促进再生资源交易利用便捷化、互动化、透明化,促进生产生活方式绿色化。(发展改革委、环境保护部、商务部、林业局等负责)

1.加强资源环境动态监测。针对能源、矿产资源、水、大气、森林、草原、湿地、海洋等各类生态要素,充分利用多维地理信息系统、智慧地图等技术,结合互联网大数据分析,优化监测站点布局,扩大动态监控范围,构建资源环境承载能力立体监控系统。依托现有互联网、云计算平台,逐步实现各级政府资源环境动态监测信息互联共享。加强重点用能单位能耗在线监测和大数据分析。

2.大力发展智慧环保。利用智能监测设备和移动互联网,完善污染物排放在线监测系统,增加监测污染物种类,扩大监测范围,形成全天候、多层次的智能多源感知体系。建立环境信息数据共享机制,统一数据交换标准,推进区域污染物排放、空气环境质量、水环境质量等信息公开,通过互联网实现面向公众的在线查询和定制推送。加强对企业环保信用数据的采集整理,将企业环保信用记录纳入全国统一的信用信息共享交换平台。完善环境预警和风险监测信息网络,提升重金属、危险废物、危险化学品等重点风险防范水平和应急处理能力。

3.完善废旧资源回收利用体系。利用物联网、大数据开展信息采集、数据分析、流向监测,优化逆向物流网点布局。支持利用电子标签、二维码等物联网技术跟踪电子废物流向,鼓励互联网企业参与搭建城市废弃物回收平台,创新再生资源回收模式。加快推进汽车保险信息系统、“以旧换再”管理系统和报废车管理系统的标准化、规范化和互联互通,加强废旧汽车及零部件的回收利用信息管理,为互联网企业开展业务创新和便民服务提供数据支撑。

4.建立废弃物在线交易系统。鼓励互联网企业积极参与各类产业园区废弃物信息平台建设,推动现有骨干再生资源交易市场向线上线下结合转型升级,逐步形成行业性、区域性、全国性的产业废弃物和再生资源在线交易系统,完善线上信用评价和供应链融资体系,开展在线竞价,发布价格交易指数,提高稳定供给能力,增强主要再生资源品种的定价权。

(十一)“互联网+”人工智能。

依托互联网平台提供人工智能公共创新服务,加快人工智能核心技术突破,促进人工智能在智能家居、智能终端、智能汽车、机器人等领域的推广应用,培育若干引领全球人工智能发展的骨干企业和创新团队,形成创新活跃、开放合作、协同发展的产业生态。(发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、网信办等负责)

1.培育发展人工智能新兴产业。建设支撑超大规模深度学习的新型计算集群,构建包括语音、图像、视频、地图等数据的海量训练资源库,加强人工智能基础资源和公共服务等创新平台建设。进一步推进计算机视觉、智能语音处理、生物特征识别、自然语言理解、智能决策控制以及新型人机交互等关键技术的研发和产业化,推动人工智能在智能产品、工业制造等领域规模商用,为产业智能化升级夯实基础。

2.推进重点领域智能产品创新。鼓励传统家居企业与互联网企业开展集成创新,不断提升家居产品的智能化水平和服务能力,创造新的消费市场空间。推动汽车企业与互联网企业设立跨界交叉的创新平台,加快智能辅助驾驶、复杂环境感知、车载智能设备等技术产品的研发与应用。支持安防企业与互联网企业开展合作,发展和推广图像精准识别等大数据分析技术,提升安防产品的智能化服务水平。

3.提升终端产品智能化水平。着力做大高端移动智能终端产品和服务的市场规模,提高移动智能终端核心技术研发及产业化能力。鼓励企业积极开展差异化细分市场需求分析,大力丰富可穿戴设备的应用服务,提升用户体验。推动互联网技术以及智能感知、模式识别、智能分析、智能控制等智能技术在机器人领域的深入应用,大力提升机器人产品在传感、交互、控制等方面的性能和智能化水平,提高核心竞争力。
三、保障支撑

(一)夯实发展基础。

1.巩固网络基础。加快实施“宽带中国”战略,组织实施国家新一代信息基础设施建设工程,推进宽带网络光纤化改造,加快提升移动通信网络服务能力,促进网间互联互通,大幅提高网络访问速率,有效降低网络资费,完善电信普遍服务补偿机制,支持农村及偏远地区宽带建设和运行维护,使互联网下沉为各行业、各领域、各区域都能使用,人、机、物泛在互联的基础设施。增强北斗卫星全球服务能力,构建天地一体化互联网络。加快下一代互联网商用部署,加强互联网协议第6版(IPv6)地址管理、标识管理与解析,构建未来网络创新试验平台。研究工业互联网网络架构体系,构建开放式国家创新试验验证平台。(发展改革委、工业和信息化部、财政部、国资委、网信办等负责)

2.强化应用基础。适应重点行业融合创新发展需求,完善无线传感网、行业云及大数据平台等新型应用基础设施。实施云计算工程,大力提升公共云服务能力,引导行业信息化应用向云计算平台迁移,加快内容分发网络建设,优化数据中心布局。加强物联网网络架构研究,组织开展国家物联网重大应用示范,鼓励具备条件的企业建设跨行业物联网运营和支撑平台。(发展改革委、工业和信息化部等负责)

3.做实产业基础。着力突破核心芯片、高端服务器、高端存储设备、数据库和中间件等产业薄弱环节的技术瓶颈,加快推进云操作系统、工业控制实时操作系统、智能终端操作系统的研发和应用。大力发展云计算、大数据等解决方案以及高端传感器、工控系统、人机交互等软硬件基础产品。运用互联网理念,构建以骨干企业为核心、产学研用高效整合的技术产业集群,打造国际先进、自主可控的产业体系。(工业和信息化部、发展改革委、科技部、网信办等负责)

4.保障安全基础。制定国家信息领域核心技术设备发展时间表和路线图,提升互联网安全管理、态势感知和风险防范能力,加强信息网络基础设施安全防护和用户个人信息保护。实施国家信息安全专项,开展网络安全应用示范,提高“互联网+”安全核心技术和产品水平。按照信息安全等级保护等制度和网络安全国家标准的要求,加强“互联网+”关键领域重要信息系统的安全保障。建设完善网络安全监测评估、监督管理、标准认证和创新能力体系。重视融合带来的安全风险,完善网络数据共享、利用等的安全管理和技术措施,探索建立以行政评议和第三方评估为基础的数据安全流动认证体系,完善数据跨境流动管理制度,确保数据安全。(网信办、发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、公安部、安全部、质检总局等负责)

(二)强化创新驱动。

1.加强创新能力建设。鼓励构建以企业为主导,产学研用合作的“互联网+”产业创新网络或产业技术创新联盟。支持以龙头企业为主体,建设跨界交叉领域的创新平台,并逐步形成创新网络。鼓励国家创新平台向企业特别是中小企业在线开放,加大国家重大科研基础设施和大型科研仪器等网络化开放力度。(发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、网信办等负责)

2.加快制定融合标准。按照共性先立、急用先行的原则,引导工业互联网、智能电网、智慧城市等领域基础共性标准、关键技术标准的研制及推广。加快与互联网融合应用的工控系统、智能专用装备、智能仪表、智能家居、车联网等细分领域的标准化工作。不断完善“互联网+”融合标准体系,同步推进国际国内标准化工作,增强在国际标准化组织(ISO)、国际电工委员会(IEC)和国际电信联盟(ITU)等国际组织中的话语权。(质检总局、工业和信息化部、网信办、能源局等负责)

3.强化知识产权战略。加强融合领域关键环节专利导航,引导企业加强知识产权战略储备与布局。加快推进专利基础信息资源开放共享,支持在线知识产权服务平台建设,鼓励服务模式创新,提升知识产权服务附加值,支持中小微企业知识产权创造和运用。加强网络知识产权和专利执法维权工作,严厉打击各种网络侵权假冒行为。增强全社会对网络知识产权的保护意识,推动建立“互联网+”知识产权保护联盟,加大对新业态、新模式等创新成果的保护力度。(知识产权局牵头)

4.大力发展开源社区。鼓励企业自主研发和国家科技计划(专项、基金等)支持形成的软件成果通过互联网向社会开源。引导教育机构、社会团体、企业或个人发起开源项目,积极参加国际开源项目,支持组建开源社区和开源基金会。鼓励企业依托互联网开源模式构建新型生态,促进互联网开源社区与标准规范、知识产权等机构的对接与合作。(科技部、工业和信息化部、质检总局、知识产权局等负责)

(三)营造宽松环境。

1.构建开放包容环境。贯彻落实《中共中央 国务院关于深化体制机制改革加快实施创新驱动发展战略的若干意见》,放宽融合性产品和服务的市场准入限制,制定实施各行业互联网准入负面清单,允许各类主体依法平等进入未纳入负面清单管理的领域。破除行业壁垒,推动各行业、各领域在技术、标准、监管等方面充分对接,最大限度减少事前准入限制,加强事中事后监管。继续深化电信体制改革,有序开放电信市场,加快民营资本进入基础电信业务。加快深化商事制度改革,推进投资贸易便利化。(发展改革委、网信办、教育部、科技部、工业和信息化部、民政部、商务部、卫生计生委、工商总局、质检总局等负责)

2.完善信用支撑体系。加快社会征信体系建设,推进各类信用信息平台无缝对接,打破信息孤岛。加强信用记录、风险预警、违法失信行为等信息资源在线披露和共享,为经营者提供信用信息查询、企业网上身份认证等服务。充分利用互联网积累的信用数据,对现有征信体系和评测体系进行补充和完善,为经济调节、市场监管、社会管理和公共服务提供有力支撑。(发展改革委、人民银行、工商总局、质检总局、网信办等负责)

3.推动数据资源开放。研究出台国家大数据战略,显著提升国家大数据掌控能力。建立国家政府信息开放统一平台和基础数据资源库,开展公共数据开放利用改革试点,出台政府机构数据开放管理规定。按照重要性和敏感程度分级分类,推进政府和公共信息资源开放共享,支持公众和小微企业充分挖掘信息资源的商业价值,促进互联网应用创新。(发展改革委、工业和信息化部、国务院办公厅、网信办等负责)

4.加强法律法规建设。针对互联网与各行业融合发展的新特点,加快“互联网+”相关立法工作,研究调整完善不适应“互联网+”发展和管理的现行法规及政策规定。落实加强网络信息保护和信息公开有关规定,加快推动制定网络安全、电子商务、个人信息保护、互联网信息服务管理等法律法规。完善反垄断法配套规则,进一步加大反垄断法执行力度,严格查处信息领域企业垄断行为,营造互联网公平竞争环境。(法制办、网信办、发展改革委、工业和信息化部、公安部、安全部、商务部、工商总局等负责)

(四)拓展海外合作。

1.鼓励企业抱团出海。结合“一带一路”等国家重大战略,支持和鼓励具有竞争优势的互联网企业联合制造、金融、信息通信等领域企业率先走出去,通过海外并购、联合经营、设立分支机构等方式,相互借力,共同开拓国际市场,推进国际产能合作,构建跨境产业链体系,增强全球竞争力。(发展改革委、外交部、工业和信息化部、商务部、网信办等负责)

2.发展全球市场应用。鼓励“互联网+”企业整合国内外资源,面向全球提供工业云、供应链管理、大数据分析等网络服务,培育具有全球影响力的“互联网+”应用平台。鼓励互联网企业积极拓展海外用户,推出适合不同市场文化的产品和服务。(商务部、发展改革委、工业和信息化部、网信办等负责)

3.增强走出去服务能力。充分发挥政府、产业联盟、行业协会及相关中介机构作用,形成支持“互联网+”企业走出去的合力。鼓励中介机构为企业拓展海外市场提供信息咨询、法律援助、税务中介等服务。支持行业协会、产业联盟与企业共同推广中国技术和中国标准,以技术标准走出去带动产品和服务在海外推广应用。(商务部、外交部、发展改革委、工业和信息化部、税务总局、质检总局、网信办等负责)

(五)加强智力建设。

1.加强应用能力培训。鼓励地方各级政府采用购买服务的方式,向社会提供互联网知识技能培训,支持相关研究机构和专家开展“互联网+”基础知识和应用培训。鼓励传统企业与互联网企业建立信息咨询、人才交流等合作机制,促进双方深入交流合作。加强制造业、农业等领域人才特别是企业高层管理人员的互联网技能培训,鼓励互联网人才与传统行业人才双向流动。(科技部、工业和信息化部、人力资源社会保障部、网信办等负责)

2.加快复合型人才培养。面身“互联网+”融合发展需求,鼓励高校根据发展需要和学校办学能力设置相关专业,注重将国内外前沿研究成果尽快引入相关专业教学中。鼓励各类学校聘请互联网领域高级人才作为兼职教师,加强“互联网+”领域实验教学。(教育部、发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、人力资源社会保障部、网信办等负责)

3.鼓励联合培养培训。实施产学合作专业综合改革项目,鼓励校企、院企合作办学,推进“互联网+”专业技术人才培训。深化互联网领域产教融合,依托高校、科研机构、企业的智力资源和研究平台,建立一批联合实训基地。建立企业技术中心和院校对接机制,鼓励企业在院校建立“互联网+”研发机构和实验中心。(教育部、发展改革委、科技部、工业和信息化部、人力资源社会保障部、网信办等负责)

4.利用全球智力资源。充分利用现有人才引进计划和鼓励企业设立海外研发中心等多种方式,引进和培养一批“互联网+”领域高端人才。完善移民、签证等制度,形成有利于吸引人才的分配、激励和保障机制,为引进海外人才提供有利条件。支持通过任务外包、产业合作、学术交流等方式,充分利用全球互联网人才资源。吸引互联网领域领军人才、特殊人才、紧缺人才在我国创业创新和从事教学科研等活动。(人力资源社会保障部、发展改革委、教育部、科技部、网信办等负责)

(六)加强引导支持。

1.实施重大工程包。选择重点领域,加大中央预算内资金投入力度,引导更多社会资本进入,分步骤组织实施“互联网+”重大工程,重点促进以移动互联网、云计算、大数据、物联网为代表的新一代信息技术与制造、能源、服务、农业等领域的融合创新,发展壮大新兴业态,打造新的产业增长点。(发展改革委牵头)

2.加大财税支持。充分发挥国家科技计划作用,积极投向符合条件的“互联网+”融合创新关键技术研发及应用示范。统筹利用现有财政专项资金,支持“互联网+”相关平台建设和应用示范等。加大政府部门采购云计算服务的力度,探索基于云计算的政务信息化建设运营新机制。鼓励地方政府创新风险补偿机制,探索“互联网+”发展的新模式。(财政部、税务总局、发展改革委、科技部、网信办等负责)

3.完善融资服务。积极发挥天使投资、风险投资基金等对“互联网+”的投资引领作用。开展股权众筹等互联网金融创新试点,支持小微企业发展。支持国家出资设立的有关基金投向“互联网+”,鼓励社会资本加大对相关创新型企业的投资。积极发展知识产权质押融资、信用保险保单融资增信等服务,鼓励通过债券融资方式支持“互联网+”发展,支持符合条件的“互联网+”企业发行公司债券。开展产融结合创新试点,探索股权和债权相结合的融资服务。降低创新型、成长型互联网企业的上市准入门槛,结合证券法修订和股票发行注册制改革,支持处于特定成长阶段、发展前景好但尚未盈利的互联网企业在创业板上市。推动银行业金融机构创新信贷产品与金融服务,加大贷款投放力度。鼓励开发性金融机构为“互联网+”重点项目建设提供有效融资支持。(人民银行、发展改革委、银监会、证监会、保监会、网信办、开发银行等负责)

(七)做好组织实施。

1.加强组织领导。建立“互联网+”行动实施部际联席会议制度,统筹协调解决重大问题,切实推动行动的贯彻落实。联席会议设办公室,负责具体工作的组织推进。建立跨领域、跨行业的“互联网+”行动专家咨询委员会,为政府决策提供重要支撑。(发展改革委牵头)

2.开展试点示范。鼓励开展“互联网+”试点示范,推进“互联网+”区域化、链条化发展。支持全面创新改革试验区、中关村等国家自主创新示范区、国家现代农业示范区先行先试,积极开展“互联网+”创新政策试点,破除新兴产业行业准入、数据开放、市场监管等方面政策障碍,研究适应新兴业态特点的税收、保险政策,打造“互联网+”生态体系。(各部门、各地方政府负责)

3.有序推进实施。各地区、各部门要主动作为,完善服务,加强引导,以动态发展的眼光看待“互联网+”,在实践中大胆探索拓展,相互借鉴“互联网+”融合应用成功经验,促进“互联网+”新业态、新经济发展。有关部门要加强统筹规划,提高服务和管理能力。各地区要结合实际,研究制定适合本地的“互联网+”行动落实方案,因地制宜,合理定位,科学组织实施,杜绝盲目建设和重复投资,务实有序推进“互联网+”行动。(各部门、各地方政府负责)

中华人民共和国国务院

2015年7月1日

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