Communiqué of the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party
Passed by the Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party on 29 October 2015)
The Fifth Plenary Meeting of the 18th Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party was convened in Beijing from 26 to 29 October 2015.
199 Central Committee members and 156 alternate Central Committee members attended the meeting. The Central Discipline Inspection Committee Standing Committee members and responsible comrades from relevant sides attended the meeting in a non-voting capacity. A number of grass-roots comrades from among the representatives at the 18th Party Congress, experts and scholars also attended in a non-voting capacity.
The Plenum was hosted by the Central Politburo. Central Committee General Secretary Xi Jinping gave an important speech.
The Plenum heard and discussed the work report that the Central Politburo entrusted Xi Jinping to present, and deliberated and passed the “CCP Central Committee Proposals concerning Formulating the 13th Five-Year Plan for Economic and Social Development.” Xi Jinping provided an explanation concerning the “Proposals (Discussion Draft)” to the Plenum.
The Plenum fully approved the work of the Central Politburo since the 4th Plenum of the 18th Party Congress. It consistently held that, in the face of profound and complex changes in domestic and international circumstances and especially the challenges brought by the increased pressure of economic decline, the Central Politburo held high magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively implemented the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, took Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought and the scientific development view as guidance, deeply implemented the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, led the entire Party, the entire Army and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country in a united manner, persisted in the strategic deployment of the “Four Comprehensives”, persisted in comprehensively dealing with both domestic and international larger pictures, persisted in the general theme of seeking to move work forward while maintaining stability, vigorously guided the new normal in economic development, strove to move reform and opening up forward, strengthened and innovated macro-level control, effectively dissolved all kinds of risks and challenges, maintained relatively rapid and stable economic development and social stability, launched topical education on the “Three Stricts and Three Honests”, solemnly commemorated the 70th anniversary of the Chinese people’s victory in the War of Resistance against Japan and the global war against fascism, and great successes have been achieved in all undertakings of the Party and the people.
The Plenum believed that comprehensively constructing a moderately prosperous society by the year 2020 is the first centenary struggle objective of the “Two Centenaries” struggle objectives determined by our party. The “13th Five-Year Plan” period is a decisive stage for victory in the comprehensive construction of a moderately prosperous society, and the “13th Five-Year Plan” has been formulated with a firm focus on realizing this struggle objective.
The Plenum highly acclaimed the major successes achieved in our country’s development during the “12th Five-Year Plan” period, and believed that in the face of an intricate and complex international environment and formidable and onerous domestic reform, opening-up and stability tasks, our Party has led the people of all ethnicities in the entire country to fight, forge ahead and innovate in a united manner, it spared no effort to bring about a new dimension for the development of the undertakings of the Party and the country, our country’s economic strength, scientific and technological strength, national defence strength and international influence have again reached a new height. It is especially important that, since the 18th Party Congress, the Party Centre with Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary, has unwaveringly persisted in and developed Socialism with Chinese characteristics, dared to practice, was good at innovation, and deepened its understanding of the governance laws of a Communist party, the laws of Socialist construction, and the development laws of human societies, it has created a series of new ideas, new thoughts and new strategies in governing the country and managing politics, and has provided scientific theoretical guidance and guidelines for action to deepen reform and opening up under new historical conditions, and accelerate the progress of Socialist modernization.
The Plenum deeply analysed the fundamental characteristics of our country’s development environment during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, it believed that our country’s development is still in an important period of strategic opportunity in which great things can be accomplished, and also faces many grave challenges of increasing contradictions and growing numbers of risks and dangers. We must correctly grasp the profound changes contained within this period of strategic opportunity, more effectively respond to all kinds of risks and challenges, continue to concentrate our forces to run our undertakings well, and incessantly expand new horizons for development.
The Plenum put forward the guiding ideology for our country’s development during the “13th Five-Year Plan” period: hold high the magnificent banner of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, comprehensively implement the spirit of the 18th Party Congress and the 3rd and 4th Plenums of the 18th Party Congress, take Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong Thought, Deng Xiaoping Theory, the important “Three Represents” thought, and the scientific development view as guidance, deeply implement the spirit of the series of important speeches by General Secretary Xi Jinping, persist in the strategic deployment of comprehensively constructing a moderately prosperous society, comprehensively deepening reform, comprehensively governing the country according to the law, and comprehensively governing the Party in a strict manner, persist in considering development as the first task, put raising development quality and efficiency central, accelerate the creation of structures, mechanisms and development methods to guide the new normal in economic development, maintain the strategic focus, persist in seeking progress through stability, comprehensively move economic construction, political construction, cultural construction, social construction, ecological civilization construction and Party construction forward, guarantee that a moderately prosperous society is completed on time, and lay a firm bases for the realization of the second centenary struggle objective and the Chinese Dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.
The Plenum stressed that to realize the struggle objective of comprehensively constructing a moderately prosperous society and promote sustained and healthy economic and social development, we must abide by the following principles: persist in the dominant position of the people, persist in scientific development, persist in deepening reform, persist in governing the country according to the law, persist in comprehensively dealing with both domestic and international bigger pictures, and persist in the Party leadership.
The Plenum put forward the objectives and requirements for comprehensively constructing a moderately prosperous society: maintaining a medium-high economic growth rate, doubling 2010 GDP and average income of urban and rural residents by 2020 on the basis of raising the balance, inclusivity and sustainability of development, letting industry march towards a medium to high-end level, clearly expanding the contribution of consumption to economic growth, and accelerating the rise of urbanization of registered population. Agricultural modernization is to see clear progress, people’s living standards and quality are to rise universally, the escape from poverty is to be realized for the poor rural population under our country’s current standards, poor counties are to be completely rehabilitated, and overall rural poverty is to be resolved. Citizens’ quality and social civilization levels are to be clearly raised. The ecological environment is to improve in overall quality. Regulatory structures in all areas are to become more mature and standardized, and the modernization of national governance systems and governance capacity is to see major progress.
The Plenum stressed that to realize the development objectives in the “13th Five-Year Plan” period, analyse development difficulties and foster development advantages, we must firmly establish and realistically implement innovative, coordinated, green, open and sharing development ideas. This is a deep reform that affects the entire picture of our country’s development. The comrades in the entire Party must fully understand the major real significance and profound historical significance of this reform.
The Plenum put forward that, in order to persist in innovative development, we must put innovation in a central position in the overall picture of national development, incessantly move theoretical innovation, institutional innovation, scientific and technological innovation, cultural innovation and innovation in all other areas forward, let innovation penetrate into all Party and state work, and let innovation become common practice in all of society. We must put the basic point of development on innovation, create mechanisms and frameworks to stimulate innovation, and mould a form of guided development that is ever more reliant on the drive of innovation, and gives ever more rein to the development advantages of innovation. Foster new drivers for development, optimize the allocation of labour, capital, land, technology, management and other such factors, stimulate the vitality of innovation and start-ups, promote mass start-ups and mass innovation, release new demand, create new supply, and promote the vigorous development of new technologies, new industries and new business models. Expand new spaces for development, create vertical and horizontal economic axis with coastal economic belts, and economic belts next to rivers and railway lines at the core, foster and expand some focus economic regions, implement the strong network country strategy, implement the “Internet Plus” action plan, develop a sharing economy, and implement the national big data strategy. Deeply implement the innovation driving development strategy, give rein to the guiding role of scientific and technological innovation in comprehensive innovation, implement a batch of major national science and technology programmes, build a batch of national laboratories in the area of major innovation, vigorously put forward and take the lead in organizing international big science plans and big scientific projects. Forcefully move agricultural modernization forward, accelerate the transformation of agricultural development methods, and march the path of agricultural modernization with high-efficiency output, safe products, reducing resource use, and which is environmentally friendly. Build new industrial systems, accelerate the construction of a strong manufacturing country, implement “China Manufacturing 2025), implement the strong industrial base project, foster a batch of strategic industries, launch activities to accelerate the development of modern service sectors. Build new development systems, accelerate the creation of a market environment, property systems, investment systems, allocation systems, and mechanisms to foster, attract and use talents that benefit innovative and development, deepen the reform of administrative management systems, further transform the functions of government, continue to move forward with governmental streamlining and administrative decentralization, integrating decentralization and management, and optimizing service, raise governmental efficiency, stimulate the vitality of the market and the creativity of society, perfect management systems for all kinds of state assets, establish and complete modern financial rules and fiscal rules, reform and complete financial supervision and management frameworks suited to the development of modern financial markets. Create and perfect macro-level control methods, strengthen directed regulation and control on the basis of interregional regulation and control, reduce government interference in price-setting, and comprehensively open up prices for products and services in competitive areas.
The Plenum put forward that, in order to persist in coordinated development, we must firmly grasp the overall arrangement of the undertaking of Socialism with Chinese characteristics, correctly deal with major relationships in development, focus on stimulating coordinated development between town and country, stimulate coordinated economic and social development, stimulate the simultaneous development of new industries, informatization, urbanization and agricultural modernization, we must pay attention to enhancing national soft power at the same time as strengthening national hard power, and incessantly strengthen the comprehensiveness of development. To strengthen the coordination of development, we must broaden the space for development in coordinated development, and strengthen the aftereffects of development by strengthening weak areas. Promote regional coordinated development; mould a new structure for coordinated regional development with orderly and free circulation of production factors, effective control on the functioning of subjects, equality in basic public services, which is bearable for environmental resources. Promote coordinated urban-rural development, complete urban-rural development unification structures and mechanisms, complete long-term mechanisms for investment in basic infrastructure in the countryside, promote that urban public services extend into the countryside, and raise the construction levels of the Socialist countryside. Promote the coordinated development of the material civilization and the spiritual civilization, accelerate cultural reform and development, strengthen the construction of a Socialist spiritual civilization, build a strong Socialist culture country, strengthen ideological and moral construction and social sincerity construction, strengthen a consciousness of the country, a consciousness about the rule of law and a consciousness about social responsibility, propose a scientific spirit, and carry forward the traditional virtues of China. Promote the converged development of economic construction and national defence construction, persist in dealing both with development and security, unite enriching the country and strengthening the army, implement the development strategy for convergence between the Army and the people, and create military-civil convergence and development structures across production factors, many areas and high efficiency.
The Plenum put forward that to persist in green development, we must persist in the basic national policy of reducing resource use and protecting the environment, persist in sustainable development, persist in marching the civilizational development path of developing production, prosperity in life and a good ecology, accelerate the construction of a resource-saving and environmentally friendly society, shape a new dimension for development and modernization construction with harmony between man and nature, move forward the construction of a beautiful China, and make new contributions to global ecological security. Stimulate harmonious co-existence between man and nature, build scientific and rational urbanization structures, agricultural development structures, ecological security structures, natural shoreline structures, and promote the establishment of green, low-carbon industrial development systems. Accelerate the construction of central functioning regions; give rein to the role that central functioning regions can play for the basic systems concerning land exploitation and protection. Promote low-carbon development; build clean and low-carbon, safe and highly efficient modern energy systems, implement near-zero carbon emissions regional demonstration projects. Make comprehensive savings and use resources efficiently, establish a resource view of saving and intensive circulation, build and complete initial allocation rules for energy use powers, water use powers, waste discharge powers, carbon discharge powers, etc., and promote the creation of a social wind of diligence and thriftiness. Expand environmental governance, by putting an increase of the elected officials central, implement the strictest environmental protection rules, deeply implement the action plan for air, water and soil pollution, implement supervision and inspection law enforcement management rules for environmental protection bodies below the provincial level. Build firm environmental security protections, persist in giving preference to protection and putting natural recovery central, implement ecological protection and regeneration plans for mountains, water, forests, fields and lakes, launch large-scale land greening activities, perfect natural forest protection rules, and launch green bay governance actions.
The Plenum put forward that to persist in open development, we must follow the trend of the profound integration of our country’s economy in the global economy, and pursue an openness strategy of mutual benefit and win-win, develop an even higher-level open economy, vigorously participate in global economic governance and the provision of public goods, raise our country’s institutional discourse power in global economic governance, and build a broad community of interests. To launch a new dimension of opening up to the outside world, we must enrich the content of opening up to the outside world, raise foreign openness levels, move forward with strategic mutual trust, economic and trade cooperation, and people-to people exchange in a coordinated manner, and strive to create a structure of mutual interest and cooperation with profound convergence. Perfect the strategic structure of openness to the outside world, move forward bidirectional openness, support the coastal regions to completely participate in global economic cooperation and competition, foster advanced manufacturing bases and economic regions with global influence, and raise the development levels of border economic cooperation regions and cross-border economic cooperation regions. Create new systems for openness to the outside world, perfect a legalized, internationalized and convenient trading environment, complete stimulation systems for trade in services, comprehensively implement the pre-access national treatment plus negative list management system, broaden foreign openness in the services sector in an orderly manner. Move forward with the construction of “one belt and one road”, move forward concrete forms of mutual benefit and win-win cooperation with relevant countries and regions in many areas, move forward international cooperation concerning manufacturing capacity and equipment, forge a new dimension of comprehensive openness that links up land and sea, inside and outside, and with two-way openness between East and West. Deepen cooperative development between the inland and Hong Kong and Macau, as well as between the mainland and the Taiwan region, raise the position and function of Hong Kong and Macau in national economic development and openness to the outside world. Support Hong Kong and Macau in developing their economy, improving the people’s lives, moving forward democracy and stimulating harmony, deepen cross-straits economic cooperation in a mutually beneficial and win-win manner, and let ever more common Taiwanese resident, youths and small and mid-size enterprises receive benefits. Vigorously participate in global economic governance, stimulate that the international economic order develops in the direction of equality, fairness, cooperation and win-win, and accelerate the implementation of the free-trade zone strategy. Vigorously bear international responsibilities and duties, vigorously participate in global climate change negotiations, and vigorously participate in the 2030 sustainable development agenda.
The Plenum put forward that, to persist in shared development, we must persist in developing for the sake of the people, relying on the people in development and letting the fruits of development be shared by the people, make even longer-term institutional arrangements to ensure that the whole body of the people can gain even more through jointly building and sharing development, strengthen development drivers, enhance the people’s unity, and progress steadily in the development of common prosperity. According to the requirements of common participation, common efforts and common sharing, persist in baselines, give prominence to focus points, perfect regulatory structures, guide expectations, stress fairness of opportunity, guarantee basic livelihoods, and realize that the whole body of the people jointly marches towards a comprehensive moderately prosperous society. Strengthen public service provision, start with resolving the problems concerning the interests that the people are most concerned about, are most direct and most real, raise common public service construction capacities and sharing levels, and expand transfer payments to old revolutionary regions, ethnic minority regions, border regions and poor regions. Implement the assault project for poverty relief, implement accurate poverty assistance and accurate poverty relief, support poor households in a categorized manner, explore the implementation of asset profit support structures for the poor population, establish and complete care and service systems for rural left-behind children, women and the elderly. Raise education quality, promote compulsory education and balanced development, universalize higher secondary-stage education, progressively move forward with tuition fee exemption in secondary vocational education, take the lead in eliminating tuition fees for common secondary schooling for students from households in economic difficulties that are registered on file, strengthen support for flexible employment and new employment models, and raise the remuneration of technical personnel. Reduce income disparities, support residents’ income to grow in step with economic growth, and labour remuneration is raised in step with labour productivity, complete scientific salary level decision mechanisms, regular increase mechanisms, support and guarantee mechanisms, perfect minimum wage growth mechanisms, perfect mechanisms for market evaluation of factor contributions and allocate according to contributions. Establish fairer and sustainable social security structures, implement plans for the entire population to become insured, realize that basic pension funds for personnel is comprehensively planned across the entire country, reallocate a part of the state-owned asset social security replenishment fund, comprehensively implement insurance structures for major illnesses among the urban and rural population. Move the construction of a healthy China forward, deepen reform in healthcare and hygiene structures, rationalize drug prices, and implement a linkage between healthcare, medical insurance and drugs, build basic healthcare and hygiene systems covering town and country and modern hospital management regulations, implement the food security strategy. Stimulate the balanced development of the population, persist in developing and producing basic government policies, perfect population development strategies, comprehensively implement the policy that one pair of man and wife can raise two children, and vigorously launch activities to respond to the problem of population ageing.
The Plenum stressed that development is the first task for the Party to govern and rejuvenate the country, all levels’ Party Committees must deepen their understandings of the laws of development, perfect systems and mechanisms for Party leadership over economic and social development work, strengthen the construction of Party organizations and all levels, and strengthen the overall functioning of grass roots Party organizations. Mobilize the popular masses to unite and struggle, implement the Party’s mass line, raise capacities in propaganda and organizing the masses, strengthen coordination on major issues in economic and social developments and issues affecting the masses’ direct personal interests, guarantee the people’s every right and interest according to the law, and stimulate the people of all ethnicities to build a sense of protagonism in constructing the motherland. Strengthen ideological and political work, innovate mass work systems, mechanisms, means and methods, concentrate all of society to the greatest extent to build consensus and dedicate their strength to move reform and development forward, and safeguard social harmony and stability. Accelerate the construction of a strong talent country, deeply implement the development strategy of superiority in talent, move forward with talent development system reform and policy innovation, and create institutional superiorities for talents with international competitiveness. Use rule of law thinking and rule of law methods to promote development, comprehensively raise the Party’s ability to govern the country and run the administration according to the Constitution and the laws, and manage the Party and govern the party according to intra-Party regulations. Strengthen and innovate social governance, move forward with making social governance more detailed, and build social governance structures jointly constructed and shared by all the people. Firmly establish a sense of safe development, persist in putting the people’s interests first, build public security systems, perfect and implement safe production responsibility and management systems, realistically safeguard the safety of the people’s lives and assets. Implement the national security strategy, persist in safeguarding the country’s political, economic, cultural, social, information and defence security.
The Plenum analysed the present circumstances and tasks, and stressed that in the present and future period, an important political task for the entire Party and the entire country is deeply implementing the spirit of the Plenum, and satisfactorily implement all policy decisions and work requirements determined in the “Proposals”. The entire Party must unite their thoughts around the spirit of the Plenum, clearly understand the circumstances, have firm faith, continue to struggle indomitably, and unite and lead the people of all ethnicities in the entire country to move forward the strategic deployment of the “Four Comprehensives” in a coordinated manner, and timely complete the strategic task of comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society. We must persist in comprehensively governing the Party strictly, and governing the Party according to regulations, deeply move forward the construction of the Party’s work style and clean government, as well as the struggle against corruption, we must consolidate the achievements of the struggle against corruption, complete and improve long-lasting work style mechanisms, strive to build systems and mechanisms so people don’t dare to be corrupt, cannot be corrupt and don’t want to be corrupt, strive to resolve all problems of cadres not acting or acting in a chaotic manner, vigorously create a political ecology with a clear wind and a correct air, create a spiritual attitude of daring to undertake work, enthusiasm and ardour, strive to realize that cadres are upright and just, government is clean and politics is clear, and provide a strong political guarantee for economic and social development.
According to the provisions of the Party Constitution, the Plenum decided to appoint Central Committee alternate members Liu Xiaokai, Chen Zhirong and Jin Zhenji as Central Committee members.
The Plenum deliberated and passed the Central Discipline Inspection Committee investigation reports concerning grave disciplinary violations concerning Ling Jihua, Zhou Benshun, Yang Dongliang, Zhu Mingguo, Wang Min, Chen Chuanping, Chou He, Yang Weize, Pan Yiyang and Yu Yuanhui, and affirmed the punishment the Central Politburo imposed earlier, that Ling Jihua, Zhou Benshun, Yang Dongliang, Zhu Mingguo, Wang Min, Chen Chuanping, Chou He, Yang Weize, Pan Yiyang and Yu Yuanhui are expelled from the Party.
The Plenum called upon the entire Party and the people of all ethnicities in the entire country to unite around the Party Centre with Comrade Xi Jinping as General Secretary ever more closely, to have one heart among the ten thousand masses, struggle arduously, and jointly seize a major victory in the decisive stage of comprehensively building a moderately prosperous society!